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Matthew Stanley [35]Matthew L. Stanley [9]
  1. Resistance to Position Change, Motivated Reasoning, and Polarization.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne, Brenda Yang & Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Political Behavior.
    People seem more divided than ever before over social and political issues, entrenched in their existing beliefs and unwilling to change them. Empirical research on mechanisms driving this resistance to belief change has focused on a limited set of well-known, charged, contentious issues and has not accounted for deliberation over reasons and arguments in belief formation prior to experimental sessions. With a large, heterogeneous sample (N = 3,001), we attempt to overcome these existing problems, and we investigate the causes and (...)
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  2. I'm Not the Person I Used to Be: The Self and Autobiographical Memories of Immoral Actions.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne, V. Iyengar, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology. General 146 (6).
    People maintain a positive identity in at least two ways: They evaluate themselves more favorably than other people, and they judge themselves to be better now than they were in the past. Both strategies rely on autobiographical memories. The authors investigate the role of autobiographical memories of lying and emotional harm in maintaining a positive identity. For memories of lying to or emotionally harming others, participants judge their own actions as less morally wrong and less negative than those in which (...)
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  3. Remembering Moral and Immoral Actions in Constructing the Self.Matthew L. Stanley, Paul Henne & Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Memory and Cognition.
    Having positive moral traits is central to one’s sense of self, and people generally are motivated to maintain a positive view of the self in the present. But it remains unclear how people foster a positive, morally good view of the self in the present. We suggest that recollecting and reflecting on moral and immoral actions from the personal past jointly help to construct a morally good view of the current self in complementary ways. More specifically, across four studies we (...)
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  4.  28
    Emotional Intensity in Episodic Autobiographical Memory and Counterfactual Thinking.Matthew L. Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W. Stewart & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:283-291.
  5.  34
    Reasons Probably Won’T Change Your Mind: The Role of Reasons in Revising Moral Decisions.Matthew L. Stanley, Ashley M. Dougherty, Brenda W. Yang, Paul Henne & Felipe De Brigard - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):962-987.
    Although many philosophers argue that making and revising moral decisions ought to be a matter of deliberating over reasons, the extent to which the consideration of reasons informs people’s moral decisions and prompts them to change their decisions remains unclear. Here, after making an initial decision in 2-option moral dilemmas, participants examined reasons for only the option initially chosen(affirming reasons), reasons for only the option not initially chosen (opposing reasons), or reasons for both options. Although participants were more likely to (...)
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  6.  21
    Changes in Global and Regional Modularity Associated with Increasing Working Memory Load.Matthew L. Stanley, Dale Dagenbach, Robert G. Lyday, Jonathan H. Burdette & Paul J. Laurienti - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  9
    Process-Specific Alliances in Cognitive Neuroscience.Roberto Cabeza, Matthew L. Stanley & Morris Moscovitch - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (11):996-1010.
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  8.  19
    “An Expedition To Heal The Wounds Of War”: The 1919 Eclipse and Eddington as Quaker Adventurer.Matthew Stanley - 2003 - Isis 94 (1):57-89.
    The 1919 eclipse expedition’s confirmation of general relativity is often celebrated as a triumph of scientific internationalism. However, British scientific opinion during World War I leaned toward the permanent severance of intellectual ties with Germany. That the expedition came to be remembered as a progressive moment of internationalism was largely the result of the efforts of A. S. Eddington. A devout Quaker, Eddington imported into the scientific community the strategies being used by his coreligionists in the national dialogue: humanize the (...)
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  9. Practical Mystic: Religion, Science, and A. S. Eddington.Matthew Stanley - 2007 - University Of Chicago Press.
    Science and religion have long been thought incompatible. But nowhere has this apparent contradiction been more fully resolved than in the figure of A. S. Eddington (1882–1944), a pioneer in astrophysics, relativity, and the popularization of science, and a devout Quaker. Practical Mystic uses the figure of Eddington to shows how religious and scientific values can interact and overlap without compromising the integrity of either. Eddington was a world-class scientist who not only maintained his religious belief throughout his scientific career (...)
     
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  10. The Uniformity of Natural Laws in Victorian Britain: Naturalism, Theism, and Scientific Practice.Matthew Stanley - 2011 - Zygon 46 (3):536-560.
    Abstract. A historical perspective allows for a different view on the compatibility of theistic views with a crucial foundation of modern scientific practice: the uniformity of nature, which states that the laws of nature are unbroken through time and space. Uniformity is generally understood to be part of a worldview called “scientific naturalism,” in which there is no room for divine forces or a spiritual realm. This association comes from the Victorian era, but a historical examination of scientists from that (...)
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  11.  40
    Mysticism and Marxism: A.S. Eddington, Chapman Cohen, and Political Engagement Through Science Popularization. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2008 - Minerva 46 (2):181-194.
    This paper argues that that political context of British science popularization in the inter-war period was intimately tied to contemporary debates about religion and science. A leading science popularizer, the Quaker astronomer A.S. Eddington, and one of his opponents, the materialist Chapman Cohen, are examined in detail to show the intertwined nature of science, philosophy, religion, and politics.
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  12.  7
    Einstein's Generation: The Origin of the Relativity Revolution. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):470-471.
  13.  34
    The Pointsman: Maxwell’s Demon, Victorian Free Will, and the Boundaries of Science.Matthew Stanley - 2008 - Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (3):467-491.
  14.  30
    Network Modularity as a Foundation for Neural Reuse.Matthew L. Stanley, Bryce Gessell & Felipe De Brigard - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (1):23-46.
    The neural reuse framework developed primarily by Michael Anderson proposes that brain regions are involved in multiple and diverse cognitive tasks and that brain regions flexibly and dynamically interact in different combinations to carry out cognitive functioning. We argue that the evidence cited by Anderson and others falls short of supporting the fundamental principles of neural reuse. We map out this problem and provide solutions by drawing on recent advances in network neuroscience, and we argue that methods employed in network (...)
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  15.  3
    An Expedition to Heal the Wounds of War.Matthew Stanley - 2003 - Isis 94 (1):57-89.
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  16.  21
    By Design: James Clerk Maxwell and the Evangelical Unification of Science.Matthew Stanley - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (1):57-73.
    James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory famously unified many of the Victorian laws of physics. This essay argues that Maxwell saw a deep theological significance in the unification of physical laws. He postulated a variation on the design argument that focused on the unity of phenomena rather than Paley's emphasis on complexity. This argument of Maxwell's is shown to be connected to his particular evangelical religious views. His evangelical perspective provided encouragement for him to pursue a unified physics that supplemented his (...)
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  17.  43
    From Ought to Is: Physics and the Naturalistic Fallacy.Matthew Stanley - 2014 - Isis 105 (3):588-595.
    In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries there were many attempts to justify political and social systems on the basis of physics and astronomy. By the early twentieth century such moves increasingly also integrated the life and social sciences. The physical sciences gradually became less appealing as a sole source for sociopolitical thought. The details of this transition help explain the contemporary reluctance to capitalize on an ostensibly rich opportunity for naturalistic social reasoning: the anthropic principle in cosmology, which deals with (...)
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  18.  43
    M ARY J O N YE , The Cambridge History of Science. Volume 5: The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. Xxix+678. ISBN 0-521-57199-5. £65.00, $95.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (1):123-125.
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  19.  7
    Modularity in Network Neuroscience and Neural Reuse.Matthew L. Stanley & Felipe De Brigard - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  20.  23
    Daniel Kennefick. Traveling at the Speed of Thought: Einstein and the Quest for Gravitational Waves. Xii + 319 Pp., Illus., Figs., Bibl., Index. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2007. $35. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):199-200.
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  21.  20
    Kristian Camilleri, Heisenberg and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: The Physicist as Philosopher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. Xii+199. ISBN 978-0-521-88484-6. £45.00 .Cathryn Carson, Heisenberg in the Atomic Age: Science and the Public Sphere. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Pp. Xxiv+541. ISBN 978-0-521-82170-4. £55.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (2):308-309.
  22.  15
    How Scientists Stopped Talking About Science.Matthew Stanley - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):235-239.
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  23.  17
    Robert Fox and Graeme Gooday , Physics in Oxford, 1839–1939: Laboratories, Learning, and College Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. VII+363. Isbn 0-19-856792-8. £60.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (2):298-299.
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  24.  10
    Geoffrey Cantor, Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650–1900. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. XII+420. Isbn 0-19-927668-4. £50.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):120-121.
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  25.  6
    Strange Science: Investigating the Limits of Knowledge in the Victorian Age.Matthew Stanley - 2017 - Annals of Science 74 (3):240-241.
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  26.  11
    So Simple a Thing as a Star: The Eddington–Jeans Debate Over Astrophysical Phenomenology.Matthew Stanley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):53-82.
    Theoretical astrophysics emerged as a significant research programme with the construction of a series of stellar models by A. S. Eddington. This paper examines the controversies surrounding those models as a way of understanding the development and justification of new theoretical technologies. In particular, it examines the challenges raised against Eddington by James Jeans, and explores how the two astronomers championed different visions of what it meant to do science. Jeans argued for a scientific method based on certainty and completeness, (...)
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  27.  9
    Arthur I. Miller, Empire of the Stars: Obsession, Friendship, and Betrayal in the Quest for Black Holes. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. Pp Xx+364. ISBN 0-618-34151-X. $26.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):457.
  28.  8
    Iwan Rhys Morus, When Physics Became King. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Pp. XII+303. Isbn 0-226-54202-5. $25.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):610-611.
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  29.  8
    Laura J. Snyder. The Philosophical Breakfast Club: Four Remarkable Friends Who Transformed Science and Changed the World. Viii + 439 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. New York: Broadway Books, 2011. $27. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2012 - Isis 103 (2):421-421.
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  30.  7
    Richard Staley, Einstein's Generation: The Origin of the Relativity Revolution. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Pp. X+494. ISBN 978-0-226-77057-4. £26.00. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):470.
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  31.  9
    Science, Christianity and Common Folk.Matthew Stanley - 2009 - Metascience 18 (1):135-138.
  32.  6
    Harry Nussbaumer;, Lydia Bieri. Discovering the Expanding Universe. Xvii + 226 Pp., Illus., App., Bibl., Index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. $59. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):418-418.
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  33.  7
    The Philosophical Breakfast Club: Four Remarkable Friends Who Transformed Science and Changed the World. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2012 - Isis 103:421-421.
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  34.  7
    Albert Einstein, Riddle Ruiner: Milena Wazeck: Einstein’s Opponents: The Public Controversy About the Theory of Relativity in the 1920s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, Xxi+357pp, £65.00, $99.00 HB.Matthew Stanley - 2015 - Metascience 24 (1):123-126.
    One might be surprised at finding a protracted refutation of the theory of relativity in a turbine engineering journal. Milena Wazeck says we should not. Once we grasp the common threads among anti-relativity activists in the 1920s, she argues, it becomes clear why turbine engineering was a natural home for such ideas.Einstein’s Opponents contends that historians’ current understanding of the anti-relativity movement is obscured by the enormous shadow of the Nazis. Instead of reaching forward to the 1930s to explain the (...)
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  35.  5
    Predicting the Past: Ancient Eclipses and Airy, Newcomb, and Huxley on the Authority of Science.Matthew Stanley - 2012 - Isis 103 (2):254-277.
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  36.  5
    Hawking Incorporated: Stephen Hawking and the Anthropology of the Knowing Subject. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):659-660.
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  37.  5
    Predicting the Past: Ancient Eclipses and Airy, Newcomb, and Huxley on the Authority of Science.Matthew Stanley - 2012 - Isis 103:254-277.
    Greek historical accounts of ancient eclipses were an important, if peculiar, focus of scientific attention in the nineteenth century. Victorian-era astronomers tried to correct the classical histories using scientific methods, then used those histories as data with which to calibrate their lunar theories, then rejected the histories as having any relevance at all. The specific dating of these eclipses—apparently a simple exercise in celestial mechanics—became bound up with tensions between scientific and humanistic approaches to the past as well as with (...)
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  38.  2
    Discovering the Expanding Universe. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2010 - Isis 101:418-418.
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  39.  2
    Traveling at the Speed of Thought: Einstein and the Quest for Gravitational Waves. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2008 - Isis 99:199-200.
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  40.  1
    Letter To The Editor.Matthew Stanley - 2003 - Isis 94:678-678.
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  41.  1
    When Physics Became King. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):610-611.
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  42. Hélène Mialet. Hawking Incorporated: Stephen Hawking and the Anthropology of the Knowing Subject. Ix + 266 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2012. $29. [REVIEW]Matthew Stanley - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):659-660.
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  43. Letter to the Editor.Matthew Stanley - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):678-678.
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