Results for 'Matthey Carey Jordan'

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  1. Divine Commands or Divine Attitudes?Matthey Carey Jordan - 2013 - Faith and Philosophy 30 (2):159-70.
    In this essay, I present three arguments for the claim that theists should reject divine command theory in favor of divine attitude theory. First, DCT implies that some cognitively normal human persons are exempt from the dictates of morality. Second, it is incumbent upon us to cultivate the skill of moral judgment, a skill that fits nicely with the claims of DAT but which is superfluous if DCT is true. Third, an attractive and widely shared conception of Jewish/Christian religious devotion (...)
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  2. Liberal and Conservative Views of Marriage.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2013 - Think 12 (34):33-56.
    ExtractThis essay is about liberal and conservative views of marriage. I'll begin by mentioning that I would really, really like to avoid use of the terms ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative’, but when push comes to shove, I know of no better labels for the positions that will be discussed in what follows. I would like to avoid these labels for a simple reason: many people strongly self-identify as liberals or as conservatives, and this can undermine our ability to investigate the topic (...)
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  3. Bioethics and "Human Dignity".Matthew Carey Jordan - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):180-196.
    The term "human dignity" is the source of considerable confusion in contemporary bioethics. It has been used by Kantians to refer to autonomy, by others to refer to the sanctity of life, and by still others to refer—albeit obliquely—to an important but infrequently discussed set of human goods. In the first part of this article, I seek to disambiguate the notion of human dignity. The second part is a defense of the philosophical utility of such a notion; I argue that (...)
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  4.  95
    Theistic Ethics: Not as Bad as You Think.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2009 - Philo 12 (1):31-45.
    Critics of theological accounts of the nature of morality have argued that such accounts must be rejected, even by theists, because such accounts (i) have the unacceptable implication that nothing is morally wrong in possible worlds in which atheism is true, (ii) render the substantive content of morality arbitrary, and (iii) make it impossible or redundant to attribute moral properties to God or God’s actions. I argue that none of these criticisms constitute good reason for theists to abandon theological accounts (...)
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  5.  69
    Metaphysical Naturalism and Some Moral Realisms.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2011 - Philo 14 (1):5-24.
    One central question of metaethics concerns whether there are any moral facts. I argue that morality as such is characterized by a number of distinctive features, and that metaphysical naturalists should believe that there are moral facts only if there is a plausible naturalistic explanation of the existence of facts which exemplify those features. I survey three prominent (and very different) naturalistic moral theories—the reductive naturalism of Peter Railton, Frank Jackson’s analytic descriptivism, and Christine Korsgaard’s Kantianism—and argue that none of (...)
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  6.  74
    Divine Attitudes, Divine Commands, and the Modal Status of Moral Truths.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2012 - Religious Studies 48 (1):45-60.
    This essay presents a theistic account of deontic properties that can lay claim to many of the advantages of divine command theory but which avoids its flaws. The account, divine attitude theory, asserts that moral properties should be understood in terms of agent-directed divine attitudes, such that it is morally wrong for an agent to perform an action just in case God would be displeased with the agent for performing that action. Among the virtues of this account is its ability (...)
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  7.  14
    Review of Human Capacities and Moral Status by Russell DiSilvestro1. [REVIEW]Matthew Carey Jordan - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):49-50.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 49-50, February 2012.
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  8.  17
    Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism, Written by Erik J. Wielenberg.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (6):785-788.
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  9.  9
    Moral Fictionalism.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2008 - Philosophia Christi 10 (2):480-483.
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  10.  59
    Some Metaethical Desiderata and the Conceptual Resources of Theism.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2011 - Sophia 50 (1):39-55.
    In this paper, I argue that theists are extremely well-situated with respect to developing metaethical accounts that qualify as ‘robust’ versions of moral realism. In the first part of the essay, a number of metaethical desiderata are identified. In the second part, theistic strategies for accommodating those desiderata are explained and defended. The upshot is that, contrary to the received philosophical wisdom, there are good theoretical reasons for theistic philosophers to seek to develop metaethical accounts that ground moral facts in (...)
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  11.  20
    Ethics and the Golden Rule, Written by Harry J. Gensler.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2015 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (6):790-793.
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  12.  16
    Book Review: God and Moral Law, Written by Mark C. Murphy. [REVIEW]Matthew Carey Jordan - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (4):519-522.
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  13.  3
    Reid Against the Way of Ideas: A Review Essay on Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology.Matthew Carey Jordan - 2004 - Philosophia Christi 6 (1):121-128.
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  14.  17
    Is the No-Minimum Claim True? Reply to Cullison: Jeff Jordan.Jeff Jordan - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):125-127.
    Is the no-minimum claim true? I have argued that it is not. Andrew Cullison contends that my argument fails, since human sentience is variable; while Michael Schrynemakers has contended that the failure is my neglect of vagueness. Both, I argue, are wrong.
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  15. A Lex Sacra From Selinous,(Borimir Jordan).M. H. Jameson, D. R. Jordan & R. D. Kotansky - 1996 - American Journal of Philology 117:326-328.
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  16.  21
    Dr. Jordan and Spencer's Unknowable: Reply.E. Jordan - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (3):359.
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  17. The Origin of Concepts.Susan Carey - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of (...)
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  18. Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God.Jeff Jordan - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Is it reasonable to believe in God even in the absence of strong evidence that God exists? Pragmatic arguments for theism are designed to support belief even if one lacks evidence that theism is more likely than not. Jeff Jordan proposes that there is a sound version of the most well-known argument of this kind, Pascal's Wager, and explores the issues involved - in epistemology, the ethics of belief, decision theory, and theology.
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  19.  55
    Locke, Shaftesbury, and Hutcheson: Contesting Diversity in the Enlightenment and Beyond.Daniel Carey - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Are human beings linked by a common nature, one that makes them see the world in the same moral way? Or are they fragmented by different cultural practices and values? These fundamental questions of our existence were debated in the Enlightenment by Locke, Shaftesbury, and Hutcheson. Daniel Carey provides an important new historical perspective on their discussion. At the same time, he explores the relationship between these founding arguments and contemporary disputes over cultural diversity and multiculturalism. Our own conflicting (...)
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  20.  35
    On Learning New Primitives in the Language of Thought: Reply to Rey.Susan Carey - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (2):133-166.
    A theory of conceptual development must provide an account of the innate representational repertoire, must characterize how these initial representations differ from the adult state, and must provide an account of the processes that transform the initial into mature representations. In Carey, 2009 (The Origin of Concepts), I defend three theses: 1) the initial state includes rich conceptual representations, 2) nonetheless, there are radical discontinuities between early and later developing conceptual systems, 3) Quinean bootstrapping is one learning mechanism that (...)
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  21.  32
    What Good Are the Arts?John Carey - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Does strolling through an art museum, admiring the old masters, improve us morally and spiritually? Would government subsidies of "high art" (such as big-city opera houses) be better spent on local community art projects? In What Good are the Arts? John Carey--one of Britain's most respected literary critics--offers a delightfully skeptical look at the nature of art. In particular, he cuts through the cant surrounding the fine arts, debunking claims that the arts make us better people or that judgements (...)
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  22.  60
    Rational Constructivism, Statistical Inference, and Core Cognition.Fei Xu & Susan Carey - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):151.
    I make two points in this commentary on Carey (2009). First, it may be too soon to conclude that core cognition is innate. Recent advances in computational cognitive science and developmental psychology suggest possible mechanisms for developing inductive biases. Second, there is another possible answer to Fodor's challenge – if concepts are merely mental tokens, then cognitive scientists should spend their time on developing a theory of belief fixation instead.
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  23.  25
    Universalism, Diversity, and the Postcolonial Enlightenment.Daniel Carey & Sven Trakulhun - 2009 - In Daniel Carey & Lynn Festa (eds.), Trakulhun, s; Carey, D . Universalism, Diversity, and the Postcolonial Enlightenment. In: Carey, D; Festa, L. Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialisms and Postcolonial Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 240-280. Oxford University Press.
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  24.  2
    Douglas Maurice MacDowell 1931-2010.Chris Carey - 2011 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 172, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, X. pp. 233.
    Douglas Macdowell, one of the most distinguished students of Greek oratory, law and comedy of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, was for 30 years Professor of Greek at Glasgow University. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1993 and was also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Obituary by Chris Carey.
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  25. Convulsing Bodies: Religion and Resistance in Foucault.Mark Jordan - 2014 - Stanford University Press.
    By using religion to get at the core concepts of Michel Foucault's thinking, this book offers a strong alternative to the way that the philosopher's work is read across the humanities. Foucault was famously interested in Christianity as both the rival to ancient ethics and the parent of modern discipline and was always alert to the hypocrisy and the violence in churches. Yet many readers have ignored how central religion is to his thought, particularly with regard to human bodies and (...)
     
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  26.  9
    We Are Ancestors.Rudolf[from old catalog] Jordan - 2007 - Cartwright Pr.
    We are Ancestors or The Age of Responsibility by Rudolf Jordan CAPE TIMES LIMITED CAPE TOWN 1941 PREFACE THIS treatise outlines the Philosophy of Responsibility ...
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  27. Relativism: Dvd.Ken Knisely, Shannon Jordan & Joshua Halberstam - 2001 - Milk Bottle Productions.
    Can humans truly be the measure of all things? Is relativism a corrosive concept, undermining any chance we have of getting clear about things? Should we seek foundations for our values, or is such an effort a waste of time? With David Gallagher, Shannon Jordan, and Joshua Halberstam.
     
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  28. Relativism: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, David Gallagher, Shannon Jordan & Joshua Halberstam - forthcoming - DVD.
    Can humans truly be the measure of all things? Is relativism a corrosive concept, undermining any chance we have of getting clear about things? Should we seek foundations for our values, or is such an effort a waste of time? With David Gallagher, Shannon Jordan, and Joshua Halberstam.
     
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  29. Insights & Perspectives.David S. Goodsell, Wallace F. Marshall, Anthony M. Poole, Takehiko Kobayashi, Austen Rd Ganley, Bertrand Jordan, Luke Isbel, Emma Whitelaw, Dylan Owen & Astrid Magenau - unknown - Bioessays 34:718 - 720.
     
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  30. Improving Understanding in the Research Informed Consent Process: A Systematic Review of 54 Interventions Tested in Randomized Control Trials. [REVIEW]Adam Nishimura, Jantey Carey, Patricia Erwin, Jon Tilburt, M. Murad & Jennifer McCormick - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):28.
    Obtaining informed consent is a cornerstone of biomedical research, yet participants comprehension of presented information is often low. The most effective interventions to improve understanding rates have not been identified.
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  31.  74
    Conceptual Differences Between Children and Adults.Susan Carey - 1988 - Mind and Language 3 (3):167-181.
  32.  12
    On Differentiation: A Case Study of the Development of the Concepts of Size, Weight, and Density.Carol Smith, Susan Carey & Marianne Wiser - 1985 - Cognition 21 (3):177-237.
  33.  16
    Forward Models: Supervised Learning with a Distal Teacher.Michael I. Jordan & David E. Rumelhart - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):307-354.
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  34. Précis of the Origin of Concepts.Susan Carey - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):113-124.
    A theory of conceptual development must specify the innate representational primitives, must characterize the ways in which the initial state differs from the adult state, and must characterize the processes through which one is transformed into the other. The Origin of Concepts (henceforth TOOC) defends three theses. With respect to the initial state, the innate stock of primitives is not limited to sensory, perceptual, or sensorimotor representations; rather, there are also innate conceptual representations. With respect to developmental change, conceptual development (...)
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  35. Overdetermination And The Exclusion Problem.Brandon Carey - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (2):251-262.
    The exclusion problem is held to show that mental and physical events are identical by claiming that the denial of this identity is incompatible with the causal completeness of physics and the occurrence of mental causation. The problem relies for its motivation on the claim that overdetermination of physical effects by mental and physical causes is objectionable for a variety of reasons. In this paper, I consider four different definitions of? overdetermination? and argue that, on each, overdetermination in all cases (...)
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  36.  28
    On the Limits of Infants' Quantification of Small Object Arrays.Lisa Feigenson & Susan Carey - 2005 - Cognition 97 (3):295-313.
  37. Science and Core Knowledge.Susan Carey & Elizabeth Spelke - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (4):515 - 533.
    While endorsing Gopnik's proposal that studies of the emergence and modification of scientific theories and studies of cognitive development in children are mutually illuminating, we offer a different picture of the beginning points of cognitive development from Gopnik's picture of "theories all the way down." Human infants are endowed with several distinct core systems of knowledge which are theory-like in some, but not all, important ways. The existence of these core systems of knowledge has implications for the joint research program (...)
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  38. Where Our Number Concepts Come From.Susan Carey - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (4):220-254.
  39.  21
    Task Decomposition Through Competition in a Modular Connectionist Architecture: The What and Where Vision Tasks.Robert A. Jacobs, Michael I. Jordan & Andrew G. Barto - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):219-250.
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  40.  52
    Articles: The Relations Among Religion, Motivation, and College Cheating: A Natural Experiment.David A. Rettinger & Augustus E. Jordan - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (2):107 – 129.
    A natural experiment was conducted studying the relations among student cheating, motivation, religiosity, and attitudes toward cheating. Students enrolled in a dual religious/college curriculum were surveyed regarding their cheating behavior, attitudes toward cheating, religiosity, and learning/grade motivations toward classes. Business and liberal arts college students were represented. Results strongly support the following conclusions. First, grade orientation is associated with increases in self-reported cheating. Second, among these religious students, more religiosity correlates with reduced reports of cheating in all courses. This result (...)
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  41. Possible Disagreements and Defeat.Brandon Carey - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):371-381.
    Conciliatory views about disagreement with one’s epistemic peers lead to a somewhat troubling skeptical conclusion: that often, when we know others disagree, we ought to be (perhaps much) less sure of our beliefs than we typically are. One might attempt to extend this skeptical conclusion by arguing that disagreement with merely possible epistemic agents should be epistemically significant to the same degree as disagreement with actual agents, and that, since for any belief we have, it is possible that someone should (...)
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  42. Supervisors and Academic Integrity: Supervisors as Exemplars and Mentors. [REVIEW]Phillip W. Gray & Sara R. Jordan - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):299-311.
    The inculcation of academic integrity among post-graduate students is an ongoing concern for universities across the world. While various researchers have focused on causal relations between forms of instruction, student characteristics, and possession of academic integrity, there is need for an increased examination of the role of supervisors in shaping student perceptions of academic integrity. Unlike the undergraduate level, where student interaction with professors is often limited, post-graduate students have an ongoing relationship with their supervisors, whether at the Masters or (...)
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  43.  10
    Verbal Control of an Autonomic Response in a Cue Reversal Situation.William W. Grings, Anne M. Schell & Cheryl A. Carey - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):215.
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  44.  42
    Evil and Van Inwagen.Jeff Jordan - 2003 - Faith and Philosophy 20 (2):236-239.
  45.  28
    Compiling Nature's History: Travellers and Travel Narratives in the Early Royal Society.Daniel Carey - 1997 - Annals of Science 54 (3):269-292.
    The relationship between travel, travel narrative, and the enterprise of natural history is explored, focusing on activities associated with the early Royal Society. In an era of expanding travel, for colonial, diplomatic, trade, and missionary purposes, reports of nature's effects proliferated, both in oral and written forms. Naturalists intent on compiling a comprehensive history of such phenomena, and making them useful in the process, readily incorporated these reports into their work. They went further by trying to direct the course of (...)
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  46.  64
    Consciousness as a Contextually Emergent Property of Self-Sustaining Systems.J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin - 2006 - Mind and Matter 4 (1):45-68.
    The concept of contextual emergence has been introduced as a speci?c kind of emergence in which some, but not all of the conditions for a higher-level phenomenon exist at a lower level. Further conditions exist in contingent contexts that provide stability conditions at the lower level, which in turn accord the emergence of novelty at the higher level. The purpose of the present paper is to propose that consciousness is a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems. The core assumption is (...)
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  47.  24
    When Are Tutorial Dialogues More Effective Than Reading?Kurt VanLehn, Arthur C. Graesser, G. Tanner Jackson, Pamela Jordan, Andrew Olney & Carolyn P. Rosé - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1):3-62.
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  48.  78
    Does Skeptical Theism Lead to Moral Skepticism?Jeff Jordan - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (2):403 - 417.
    The evidential argument from evil seeks to show that suffering is strong evidence against theism. The core idea of the evidential argument is that we know of innocent beings suffering for no apparent good reason. Perhaps the most common criticism of the evidential argument comes from the camp of skeptical theism, whose lot includes William Alston, Alvin Plantinga, and Stephen Wykstra. According to skeptical theism the limits of human knowledge concerning the realm of goods, evils, and the connections between values, (...)
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  49. Is It Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality?Jeff Jordan - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (1):39-52.
  50.  77
    Emergence of Self and Other in Perception and Action: An Event-Control Approach.J. Scott Jordan - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):633-646.
    The present paper analyzes the regularities referred to via the concept 'self.' This is important, for cognitive science traditionally models the self as a cognitive mediator between perceptual inputs and behavioral outputs. This leads to the assertion that the self causes action. Recent findings in social psychology indicate this is not the case and, as a consequence, certain cognitive scientists model the self as being epiphenomenal. In contrast, the present paper proposes an alternative approach (i.e., the event-control approach) that is (...)
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