Results for 'Matthias Finger'

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  1. The Green Movement Worldwide.Matthias Finger (ed.) - 1992 - Jai Press.
     
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  2.  20
    The Unrestricted Combination of Temporal Logic Systems.Marcelo Finger & M. Weiss - 2002 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 10 (2):165-189.
    This paper generalises and complements the work on combining temporal logics started by Finger and Gabbay [11, 10]. We present proofs of transference of soundness, completeness and decidability for the temporalisation of logics T for any flow of time, eliminating the original restriction that required linear time for the transference of those properties through logic combination. We also generalise such results to the external application of a multi-modal system containing any number of connectives with arbitrary arity, that respect normality.This (...)
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  3.  27
    The Lady and the Eel: How Aphra Behn Introduced Europeans to the "Numb Eel".Stanley Finger - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (3):378-401.
    Although the history of nerve and muscle electrophysiology is often truncated and presented as if it started with Galvani's Commentarius (1791) late in the 18th century, a strong (but narrower) case for animal electricity had been made a few decades earlier with three types of fishes: "torpedo" rays, electric catfishes, and the electric "eel." (For a history of electric fishes and how their shocks ultimately were perceived as electrical, see Finger and Piccolino 2011.) More than 2,000 years before the (...)
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  4.  9
    Neural Correlates of Switching Attentional Focus During Finger Movements: An fMRI Study.Kristin M. Zimmermann, Matthias Bischoff, Britta Lorey, Rudolf Stark, Jörn Munzert & Karen Zentgraf - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  5. The Responsibility Gap: Ascribing Responsibility for the Actions of Learning Automata. [REVIEW]Andreas Matthias - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (3):175-183.
    Traditionally, the manufacturer/operator of a machine is held (morally and legally) responsible for the consequences of its operation. Autonomous, learning machines, based on neural networks, genetic algorithms and agent architectures, create a new situation, where the manufacturer/operator of the machine is in principle not capable of predicting the future machine behaviour any more, and thus cannot be held morally responsible or liable for it. The society must decide between not using this kind of machine any more (which is not a (...)
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  6. Neuro-Cognitive Systems Involved in Morality.James Blair, A. A. Marsh, E. Finger, K. S. Blair & J. Luo - 2006 - Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):13 – 27.
    In this paper, we will consider the neuro-cognitive systems involved in mediating morality. Five main claims will be made. First, that there are multiple, partially separable neuro-cognitive architectures that mediate specific aspects of morality: social convention, care-based morality, disgust-based morality and fairness/justice. Second, that all aspects of morality, including social convention, involve affect. Third, that the neural system particularly important for social convention, given its role in mediating anger and responding to angry expressions, is ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Fourth, that the (...)
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  7.  76
    Adding a Temporal Dimension to a Logic System.Marcelo Finger & Dov M. Gabbay - 1992 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 1 (3):203-233.
    We introduce a methodology whereby an arbitrary logic system L can be enriched with temporal features to create a new system T(L). The new system is constructed by combining L with a pure propositional temporal logic T (such as linear temporal logic with Since and Until) in a special way. We refer to this method as adding a temporal dimension to L or just temporalising L. We show that the logic system T(L) preserves several properties of the original temporal logic (...)
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  8. Standards and the Distribution of Cognitive Labour: A Model of the Dynamics of Scientific Activity.Langhe Rogieder & Greiff Matthias - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):278-294.
    We present a model of the distribution of labour in science. Such models tend to rely on the mechanism of the invisible hand . Our analysis starts from the necessity of standards in distributed processes and the possibility of multiple standards in science. Invisible hand models turn out to have only limited scope because they are restricted to describing the atypical single-standard case. Our model is a generalisation of these models to J standards; single-standard models such as Kitcher are a (...)
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  9. Medical Electricity and Madness in the 18th Century: The Legacies of Benjamin Franklin and Jan Ingenhousz.Sherry Ann Beaudreau & Stanley Finger - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):330-345.
  10.  77
    Combining Temporal Logic Systems.Marcelo Finger & Dov Gabbay - 1996 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 37 (2):204-232.
    This paper investigates modular combinations of temporal logic systems. Four combination methods are described and studied with respect to the transfer of logical properties from the component one-dimensional temporal logics to the resulting combined two-dimensional temporal logic. Three basic logical properties are analyzed, namely soundness, completeness, and decidability. Each combination method comprises three submethods that combine the languages, the inference systems, and the semantics of two one-dimensional temporal logic systems, generating families of two-dimensional temporal languages with varying expressivity and varying (...)
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  11.  63
    Cut and Pay.Marcelo Finger & Dov Gabbay - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):195-218.
    In this paper we study families of resource aware logics that explore resource restriction on rules; in particular, we study the use of controlled cut-rule and introduce three families of parameterised logics that arise from different ways of controlling the use of cut. We start with a formulation of classical logic in which cut is non-eliminable and then impose restrictions on the use of cut. Three Cut-and-Pay families of logics are presented, and it is shown that each family provides an (...)
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  12. Book Review: Beyond Resurrection. [REVIEW]Thomas Finger - 2000 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 54 (4):442-442.
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  13.  25
    The "Eels" of South America: Mid-18th-Century Dutch Contributions to the Theory of Animal Electricity. [REVIEW]Peter J. Koehler, Stanley Finger & Marco Piccolino - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):715 - 763.
    During the mid-18th century, when electricity was coming into its own, natural philosophers began to entertain the possibility that electricity is the mysterious nerve force. Their attention was first drawn to several species of strongly electric fish, namely torpedoes, a type of African catfish, and a South American "eels." This was because their effects felt like those of discharging Leyden jars and could be transmitted along known conductors of electricity. Moreover, their actions could not be adequately explained by popular mechanical (...)
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  14.  23
    Handling Database Updates in Two-Dimensional Temporal Logic.Marcelo Finger - 1992 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 2 (2):201-224.
    ABSTRACT We introduce a two-dimensional temporal logic as a formalism which enables the description of both the history of a world and the evolution of an observer's views about the history. We apply such formalism to the description of certain problems that occur in historical database systems due to updates. The historical dimension describes the history of a world according to an observer's view at a certain moment in time. The transaction dimension describes the evolution of an observer's view; changes (...)
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  15.  10
    Approximations of Modal Logics: And Beyond.Guilherme de Souza Rabello & Marcelo Finger - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1):161-173.
    Inspired by the recent work on approximations of classical logic, we present a method that approximates several modal logics in a modular way. Our starting point is the limitation of the n-degree of introspection that is allowed, thus generating modaln-logics. The semantics for n-logics is presented, in which formulas are evaluated with respect to paths, and not possible worlds. A tableau-based proof system is presented, n-SST, and soundness and completeness is shown for the approximation of modal logics image and image.
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  16.  32
    "The Precautionary Principle and its Implications for Science" - Introduction.Kaiser Matthias - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):201-205.
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  17.  37
    Sobre la teoría fregeana de las oraciones no extensoriales.Schirn Matthias - 1999 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 14 (1):131-156.
    En este articulo quiero discutir algunos temas centrales deI tratamiento fregeano de los contextos no extensionales. Limitaré mi discusión al análisis de oraciones de creencia y de la oratio obliqua. En la primera parte, voy a describir dos tipos de teoría dentro deI marco de la semántica de Frege. En particular, compararé y evaluaré los análisis de oraciones no extensionales de primer y segundo nivel que se pueden llevar a cabo en las teorías de ambos tipos. En la segunda parte, (...)
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  18.  22
    The Illustration of the Horizontal-Vertical Illusion.Frank W. Finger & David K. Spelt - 1947 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (3):243.
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  19.  52
    Critical Notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy.Risse Matthias & Wollner Gabriel - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
    (2013). Critical notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 382-401.
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  20.  19
    Labelled Natural Deduction for Substructural Logics.K. Broda, M. Finger & A. Russo - 1999 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 7 (3):283-318.
    In this paper a uniform methodology to perform natural\ndeduction over the family of linear, relevance and intuitionistic\nlogics is proposed. The methodology follows the Labelled\nDeductive Systems (LDS) discipline, where the deductive process\nmanipulates {\em declarative units} -- formulas {\em labelled}\naccording to a {\em labelling algebra}. In the system described\nhere, labels are either ground terms or variables of a given {\em\nlabelling language} and inference rules manipulate formulas and\nlabels simultaneously, generating (whenever necessary)\nconstraints on the labels used in the rules. A set of natural\ndeduction style (...)
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  21.  20
    Multiple but Dissectible Functions of FEN‐1 Nucleases in Nucleic Acid Processing, Genome Stability and Diseases.Binghui Shen, Purnima Singh, Ren Liu, Junzhuan Qiu, Li Zheng, L. David Finger & Steve Alas - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (7):717-729.
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  22.  24
    Dr. Alexander Garden, a Linnaean in Colonial America, and the Saga of Five “Electric Eels”.Stanley Finger - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (3):388-406.
    During the summer of 1774, five “electric eels” survived the voyage from Surinam to Charles Towne (Charleston), South Carolina. Naturalists knew that these river fish actually only resembled eels. They also knew that that Carl Linnaeus had recently classified them as Gymnotus electricus (Linnaeus 1766; today they are Electrophorus electricus). But to most people, and even among natural philosophers, they were (and still are) loosely referred to as “eels.” For those willing to pay, a group that included physicians, gentlemen-scientists, and (...)
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  23.  13
    Retention and Subsequent Extinction of a Simple Running Response Following Varying Conditions of Reinforcement.F. W. Finger - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (2):120.
  24.  6
    The Effect of Varying Conditions of Reinforcement Upon a Simple Running Response.F. W. Finger - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (1):53.
  25.  10
    Reining in Cytokinesis with a Septin Corral.Fern P. Finger - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (1):5-8.
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  26.  13
    Edward Bancroft’s “Torporific Eels”.Stanley Finger - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):61-79.
  27.  8
    Parsing Natural Language Using LDS: A Prototype.M. Finger, R. Kibble, D. Gabbay & R. Kempson - 1997 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 5 (5):647-671.
    This paper describes a prototype implementation of a Labelled Deduction System for natural language interpretation, where interpretation is taken to be the process of understanding a natural language utterance. The implementation models the process of understanding wh-gap dependencies in questions and relative clauses for a fragment of English. The paper is divided in three main sections. In Section 1, we introduce the basic architecture of the system. Section 2 outlines a prototype implementation of wh-binding and indicates its potential for explanation (...)
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  28.  5
    The Retention of a Simple Running Response After Varying Amounts of Reinforcement.F. A. Mote Jr & F. W. Finger - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (4):317.
  29.  4
    Exploratory Drive and Secondary Reinforcement in the Acquisition and Extinction of a Simple Running Response.F. A. Mote Jr & F. W. Finger - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (1):57.
  30. Berichte und diskussionen schwerpunktthema: Neuere aspekte der philosophie Des geistes.Lutz Matthias - 2008 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1-2):372.
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  31. The Finger Pointing Toward the Moon: A Philosophical Analysis of the Chinese Buddhist Thought of Reference.Chien-Hsing Ho - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):159-177.
    In this essay I attempt a philosophical analysis of the Chinese Buddhist thought of linguistic reference to shed light on how the Buddhist understands the way language refers to an ineffable reality. For this purpose, the essay proceeds in two directions: an enquiry into the linguistic thoughts of Sengzhao (374-414 CE) and Jizang (549-623 CE), two leading Chinese Madhyamika thinkers, and an analysis of the Buddhist simile of a moon-pointing finger. The two approaches respectively constitute the horizontal and vertical (...)
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  32.  10
    Michelangelo's Finger: An Exploration of Everyday Transcendence.Raymond Tallis - 2010 - Yale University Press.
    How to point : a primer for Martians -- What it takes to be a pointer -- Do animals get the point? -- People who don't point -- Pinning language to the world -- Pointing and power -- Assisted pointing and pointing by proxy -- The transcendent animal : pointing and the beyond.
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  33.  40
    From Adult Finger Tapping to Fetal Heart Beating: Retracing the Role of Coordination in Constituting Agency.Alessandro Solfo & Cees van Leeuwen - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):18-35.
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  34.  22
    From Adult Finger Tapping to Fetal Heart Beating: Retracing the Role of Coordination in Constituting Agency.Alessandro Solfo & Cees Leeuwen - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (1):18-35.
    Sense of agency can be defined as the self-awareness of bodily movement, whereas extended agency as the self-awareness of affecting, through movement, events concomitant with movement. As a distinctive manifestation of agency, we review Spizzo's effect. This effect arises when agents coordinate their rhythmic movements with visual pulses. Once coordination is established, agents feel controlling the onset or the offset of the pulses through their movements. Spizzo's effect, therefore, constitutes a manifest case of extended agency, in which agents are aware (...)
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  35.  33
    The Relationship Between Speed and Efficiency of Learning on the Constant Speed Finger Maze.W. L. Sharp - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (1):86.
  36.  20
    Punishment by Electric Shock as Affecting Performance on a Raised Finger Maze.M. B. Jensen - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (1):65.
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  37.  21
    Finger Span: Ratio Scale, Category Scale, and JND Scale.S. S. Stevens & Geraldine Stone - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (2):91.
  38.  7
    Effects of Serial CS Presentation on a Finger-Withdrawal Avoidance Response to Shock.Donald J. Levis - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):71.
  39.  18
    The Retention of Mental and Finger Maze Habits.P. W. Van Tilborg - 1936 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (3):334.
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  40.  14
    Effects of Instructions on the Extinction of a Conditioned Finger-Withdrawal Response.Richard H. Lindley & K. E. Moyer - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):82.
  41.  10
    Effects of Primary and Secondary Aversive Motivation on Finger-Withdrawl Reaction Time Responses.Donald J. Levis & Robert G. Warehime - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):126.
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  42.  11
    Finger Oscillations as Indices of Emotion. I. Preliminary Validation.F. K. Berrien - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (5):485.
  43.  11
    A Comparison of Finger Tremor with the Galvanic Skin Reflex and Pulse.J. W. French - 1944 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):494.
  44.  9
    Finger Oscillations as Indices of Emotion. II. Further Validation and Use in Detecting Deception.F. K. Berrien - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (6):609.
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  45.  6
    The Relation of Drive to Finger-Withdrawal Conditioning.Merrill F. Elias - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (1):109.
  46.  6
    Mediational Effects in Finger Conditioning.G. Robert Grice & David L. Kohfeld - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):358.
  47.  5
    New Ergograph for Arm and Finger Ergograms.J. T. Gobey - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (5):532.
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  48.  3
    The Differential Spatial Limen for Finger Span.Herbert Sidney Langfeld - 1917 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 2 (6):416-430.
  49. Translation, Matthias Vogel's Media of Reason: A Theory of Rationality.Darrell Arnold & Matthias Vogel - 2013 - Columbia U P.
    Matthias Vogel challenges the belief, dominant in contemporary philosophy, that reason is determined solely by our discursive, linguistic abilities as communicative beings. In his view, the medium of language is not the only force of reason. Music, art, and other nonlinguistic forms of communication and understanding are also significant. Introducing an expansive theory of mind that accounts for highly sophisticated, penetrative media, Vogel advances a novel conception of rationality while freeing philosophy from its exclusive attachment to linguistics. Vogel's media (...)
     
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  50. Arrogance of 'but all you need is a good index finger: A narrative ethics exploration of lack of universal funding of PSA screening in Canada.J. Nisker - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 46 (4):249-252.
    This narrative ethics exploration stems from my happy prostate-specific antigen story, though it should not have been, as I annually refuse my family physician’s recommendation to purchase PSA screening. The reason for my refusal is I teach ethics to medical students and of course must walk the talk, and PSA screening is not publicly funded in the province of Ontario, Canada. In addition, I might have taken false comfort in ‘but all you need is a good index finger’ to (...)
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