97 found
Order:
  1.  46
    Rationality and the Genetic Challenge: Making People Better?Matti Häyry - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Seven ways of making people better; 2. Rational approaches to the genetic challenge; 3. The best babies and parental responsibility; 4. Deaf embryos, morality, and the law; 5. Saviour siblings and treating people as a means; 6. Reproductive cloning and designing human beings; 7. Embryonic stem cells, vulnerability, and sanctity; 8. Gene therapies, hopes, and fears; 9. Considerable life extension and the meaning of life; 10. Taking the genetic challenge rationally.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  2.  14
    Doctrines and Dimensions of Justice: Their Historical Backgrounds and Ideological Underpinnings.Matti Häyry - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):188-216.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  3.  11
    Justice and the Possibility of Good Moralism in Bioethics.Matti Häyry - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (2):236-263.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  4. Philosophical Arguments for and Against Human Reproductive Cloning.Matti Hayry - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5-6):447-460.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  5.  58
    European Values in Bioethics: Why, What, and How to Be Used. [REVIEW]Matti Häyry - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (3):199-214.
    Are there distinctly European values in bioethics, and if there are, what are they? Some Continental philosophers have argued that the principles of dignity, precaution, and solidarity reflect the European ethos better than the liberal concepts of autonomy, harm, and justice. These principles, so the argument goes, elevate prudence over hedonism, communality over individualism, and moral sense over pragmatism. Contrary to what their proponents often believe, however, dignity, precaution, and solidarity can be interpreted in many ways, and it is not (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  6.  9
    The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Month of Bioethics in Finland.Matti Häyry - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-9.
    Finland’s first COVID-19 infection was recorded in late January 2020. The person infected was a tourist from China in Lapland. Authorities recommended regular handwashing, coughing in one’s sleeve, not touching your face, physical distancing, and home lockdown for those at risk. The pandemic spread at different paces in different regions, and the first Finnish fatality was recorded on March 20 in Uusimaa province, where the number of documented infections was considerably higher than elsewhere. In late March, the parliament granted the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  4
    Research Ethics and Justice: The Case of Finland.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):551-576.
    :This paper explores how Finnish research ethics deals with matters of justice on the levels of practical regulation, political morality, and theoretical studies. The bioethical sets of principles introduced by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress in the United States and Jacob Dahl Rendtorff and Peter Kemp in Europe provide the conceptual background, together with a recently introduced conceptual map of theories of justice and their dimensions. The most striking finding is that the internationally recognized requirement of informed consent for research (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  41
    Genetic Ignorance, Moral Obligations and Social Duties.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):107 – 113.
    In a contribution to The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy , Professor Rosamond Rhodes argues that individuals sometimes have an obligation to know about their genetic disorders, because this is required by their status as autonomous persons. Her analysis, which is based on Kant's concept of autonomy and Aristotle's notion of friendship, is extended here to consequentialist concerns. These are of paramount importance if, as we believe and Professor Rhodes herself implies, the Kantian and Aristotelian doctrines can be helpful only (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  9.  31
    Considerable Life Extension and Three Views on the Meaning of Life.Matti Häyry - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):21-29.
    Picture this. You are having your regular medical checkup, when, all of a sudden, the physician turns to you and says: “Oh, did I remember to mention that you can now live forever?” You look at the doctor enquiringly and she goes on: “Well, it’s not actual immortality, you know, but they’ve invented this treatment—I don’t have the full details—that stops aging, getting physically older. It might not be for everyone, but you seem to be a suitable candidate. You could (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  76
    Genetic Information, Rights, and Autonomy.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (5):403-414.
    Rights, autonomy, privacy, and confidentialityare concepts commonly used in discussionsconcerning genetic information. When theseconcepts are thought of as denoting absolutenorms and values which cannot be overriden byother considerations, conflicts among themnaturally occur.In this paper, these and related notions areexamined in terms of the duties and obligationsmedical professionals and their clients canhave regarding genetic knowledge. It issuggested that while the prevailing idea ofautonomy is unhelpful in the analysis of theseduties, and the ensuing rights, an alternativereading of personal self-determination canprovide a firmer (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  11.  20
    Another Look at Dignity.Matti Häyry - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):7-14.
    With the considerable attention given to UNESCO's Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, the time has come to take another look at the concept of dignity, on which this document is morally founded. The term “dignity” now appears in many national constitutions and international bioethical statements. It has also become popular among Continental European ethicists, many of whom wish to challenge the particularly American and overtly individualistic principles of “autonomy,” “justice,” “beneficence,” and “nonmaleficence.” a.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  12.  12
    What Do You Think of Philosophical Bioethics?Matti Häyry - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (2):139-148.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13.  23
    Precaution and Solidarity.Matti Häyry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):199-206.
    Health care services are constantly assessed by their ability to accommodate values popular in contemporary societies. Autonomy, justice, and human dignity have for some time been among such values in the affluent West. Relative newcomers in the field are the notions of and which seem to attract, in particular, Continental European ethicists. a.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  14.  4
    Discoursive Humanity as a Transcendental Basis for Cognitive Ability Ethics and Policies.Matti Häyry - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (2):262-271.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  4
    Increasing the Sum Total of General Intelligence, As Measured by Individual IQ Scores.Matti Häyry - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (3):505-514.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  14
    What Exactly Did You Claim?Matti Häyry - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (1):107-112.
  17. A Defense of Ethical Relativism.Matti Häyry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):7-12.
    Relativism is usually a derogatory word in philosophical bioethics in the West. If people make the mistake of trying to understand radically “different” points of view, an accusation of relativism is quickly forthcoming. But why should this be an accusation? My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that it should not.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18.  30
    Protecting Humanity.Matti Häyry - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):211-222.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19.  10
    Scratching the Surface of Bioethics.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) - 2003 - Rodopi.
    WHAT IS BIOETHICS ALL ABOUT? A START Matti Hayry and Tuija Takala. A Start What is bioethics all about? Is it only about medicine, nursing, and healthcare? ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20.  53
    Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  21.  19
    Academic Freedom, Public Reactions, and Anonymity.Matti Häyry - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):170-173.
    Academic freedom can be defined as immunity against adverse reactions from the general public, designed to keep scholars unintimidated and productive even after they have published controversial ideas. Francesca Minerva claims that this notion of strict instrumental academic freedom is supported by Ronald Dworkin, and that anonymity would effectively defend the sphere of immunity implied by it. Against this, I argue that the idea defended by Minerva finds no support in the work by Dworkin referred to; that anonymity would not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  77
    The Tension Between Self-Governance and Absolute Inner Worth in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Matti Häyry - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1 (11):153-157.
    In contemporary discussions on practical ethics, the concepts of autonomy and dignity have frequently been opposed. This tendency has been particularly visible in controversies regarding cloning, abortion, organ sales, and euthanasia. Freedom of research and freedom of choice, as instances of professional and personal autonomy, have been cited in arguments favouring these practices, while the dignity and sanctity of human life have been evoked in arguments against them. In the moral theory of Immanuel Kant, however, the concepts of autonomy and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23.  2
    Bioethics and Social Reality.Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala & Peter Herissone-Kelly - 2005 - Rodopi.
    This book explores the many connections that bioethical thinking has with social reality. Bioethics, if it is to be effective, must engage with and address the actualities of modern life: policies, regulations, markets, opinions, and technological advances. In these original contributions fifteen notable scholars working in the North West of England take on this challenge.Values in Bioethics makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24.  39
    Rationality and the Genetic Challenge Revisited.Matti Häyry - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):468-483.
  25.  8
    Genetic Engineering and the Risk of Harm.Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):61-64.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26.  48
    Benefiting From Past Wrongdoing, Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines, and the Fragility of the German Legal Position.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (3):150–159.
    This paper examines the logic and morality of the German Stem Cell Act of 2002. After a brief description of the law’s scope and intent, its ethical dimensions are analysed in terms of symbolic threats, indirect consequences, and the encouragement of immorality. The conclusions are twofold. For those who want to accept the law, the arguments for its rationality and morality can be sound. For others, the emphasis on the uniqueness of the German experience, the combination of absolute and qualified (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27.  15
    Editorial: Dogmas, Stigmas, and Questionable Arguments for Better Health.Johanna Ahola-Launonen, Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (2):191-199.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  23
    Disability as a Test of Justice in a Globalising World.Matti Häyry & Simo Vehmas - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):90-98.
    This paper shows how most modern theories of justice could require or at least condone international aid aimed at alleviating the ill effects of disability. Seen from the general viewpoint of liberal egalitarianism, this is moderately encouraging, since according to the creed people in bad positions should be aided, and disability tends to put people in such positions. The actual responses of many theories, including John Rawls's famous view of justice, remain, however, unclear. Communitarian, liberal egalitarian, and luck egalitarian thinkers (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  29
    Generous Funding for Interventive Aging Research Now?Matti Häyry - 2007 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1 (1).
  30.  5
    Precaution and Solidarity.Matti Hayry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):199-206.
    Health care services are constantly assessed by their ability to accommodate values popular in contemporary societies. Autonomy, justice, and human dignity have for some time been among such values in the affluent West. Relative newcomers in the field are the notions of “precaution” and “solidarity,” which seem to attract, in particular, Continental European ethicists. a.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  44
    Ethicalization in Bioscience—A Pilot Study in Finland.Matti Häyry, Jukka Takala, Piia Jallinoja, Salla Lötjönen & Tuija Takala - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):282-284.
    Concepts that refer to trends like globalization and medicalization have, of late, become a hallmark of public debates. The logic of such concepts is that the same word can refer both to good and bad developments, partly depending on the chosen viewpoint. Hardly anyone opposes the global enforcement of human rights, but the global liberation of trade is sometimes viewed with suspicion. In a similar vein, advances in medicine are seldom seen as a bad thing, but medical solutions to social (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  22
    Genetic Engineering and the Risk of Harm.Matti Häyry - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (1):61-64.
  33. Passive Obedience and Berkeley’s Moral Philosophy.Matti Häyry - 2012 - Berkeley Studies 23:3-14.
    In Passive Obedience Berkeley argues that we must always observe the prohibitions decreed by our sovereign rulers. He defends this thesis both by providing critiques against opposing views and, more interestingly, by presenting a moral theory that supports it. The theory contains elements of divine - command, natural - law, moral - sense, rule - based, and outcome - oriented ethics. Ultimately, however, it seems to rest on a notion of spiritual reason — a specific God - given faculty that (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  16
    Response to Special Section: “Cloning: Technology, Policy, and Ethics” (CQ Vol 7, No 2).Matti Häyry - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):205-208.
    The idea of cloning adult human beings often gives rise to objections involving mad dictators producing copies of themselves, or deranged billionaires who want to live forever. But what about situations where we can more readily understand and accept the reasons for creating a clone? Consider, for instance, the case of parents who have simultaneously lost their newly born child and found out that they cannot have any more children of their own by other known methods. Would it be wrong (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35. Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining a (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  36.  28
    The Historical Idea of a Better Race.Matti Häyry - 2008 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 2 (1).
    This paper explores the historical idea of improving humanity. Developments in genetics and political thought have during the last century contributed to eugenic policies which have sometimes had adverse effects on people's lives. But European philosophy has seen attempts to make better human beings long before the current scientific advances. The paper explores these attempts by an examination of the doctrines of Plato, Aristotle, Condorcet, Herder, and Mill, as well as the technological Romanticism of Mary Shelley, before moving on to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  17
    Response to Special Section: “Cloning: Technology, Policy, and Ethics” (CQ Vol 7, No 2) But What If We Feel That Cloning Is Wrong? [REVIEW]Matti Häyry - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):205-208.
    The idea of cloning adult human beings often gives rise to objections involving mad dictators producing copies of themselves, or deranged billionaires who want to live forever. But what about situations where we can more readily understand and accept the reasons for creating a clone? Consider, for instance, the case of parents who have simultaneously lost their newly born child and found out that they cannot have any more children of their own by other known methods. Would it be wrong (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  38.  37
    Synthetic Biology and Ethics: Past, Present, and Future.Matti Häyry - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (2):186-205.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  37
    Guest Editorial: Yet Another Emerging Technology: Old and New Questions Posed by Synthetic Biology.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (2):183-185.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  17
    Protecting Humanity Habermas and His Critics on the Ethics of Emerging Biotechnologies.Matti Hayry - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):211-222.
    In this article, I present what I believe to be the core of Jürgen Habermas’s views on the morality, ethics, and regulation of emerging genetic and reproductive technologies in his book The Future of Human Nature.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  21
    Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics.Matti Häyry (ed.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
    The twenty-one chapters in this volume strive, through the use of high quality argument and analysis, to get a good deal clearer concerning a range of issues ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  27
    Utilitarianism, Human Rights and the Redistribution of Health Through Preventive Medical Measures.Heta Häyry & Matti Häyry - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (1):43-52.
  43.  27
    Response to “Abortion and Assent” by Rosamond Rhodes.Matti Häyry - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):79-87.
    Abortions are legally permitted in most Western societies if there is a reasonable expectation that the child, if born, would be physically or mentally disabled. Even late-term abortions, which would not be allowed in the case of healthy fetuses, are accepted on the basis of foreseen disability.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  10
    Fear of Life, Fear of Death, and Fear of Causing Death: How Legislative Changes on Assisted Dying Are Doomed to Fail.Matti Häyry - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (1):145-153.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  1
    Commentary: In Search of Medical Ethics and Its Foundation with Rosamond Rhodes.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (3):429-436.
    In her thorough and thoughtful contribution to the Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics titled “Medical Ethics: Common or Uncommon Morality” Rosamond Rhodes argues that contrary to American mainstream bioethics, medical ethics is not, and should not be, based on common morality, but rather, that the medical profession requires its own distinctive morality.1 She goes on to list sixteen duties that, according to her, form the core of medical ethics proper.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  27
    Neuroethical Theories.Matti Häyry - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):165.
    Neuroethics addresses moral, legal, and social questions created or highlighted by theoretical and practical developments in neuroscience. Practices in need of scrutiny currently include at least brain imaging with new techniques, chemical attempts to shift exceptional brain function toward normality, chemical attempts to enhance ordinary brain function beyond normality, and brain manipulation by other methods.Matti H ja paha.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47. Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics.Matti Hayry - 1994 - Routledge.
    _Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics_ explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining a (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48.  13
    A Defense Of Ethical Relativism.Matti Hayry - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):7-12.
    Relativism is usually a derogatory word in philosophical bioethics in the West. If people make the mistake of trying to understand radically “different” points of view, an accusation of relativism is quickly forthcoming. But why should this be an accusation? My aim in this paper is to demonstrate that it should not.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  59
    Obedience to Rules and Berkeley's Theological Utilitarianism.Matti Häyry & Heta Häyry - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):233.
    According to what one might call ‘indirect” forms of utilitarian thinking, the proper end of all human action is the greatest happiness of the greatest number of individuals, but due to the fallibility of moral agents this end cannot, and must not, be directly pursued. Instead, according to at least one version of the indirect theory, moral agents have a duty to act in conformity with a set of general rules which, in their turn, have been designed to promote the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  17
    Hard and Soft Offers as Constraints.Matti Häyry & Timo Airaksinen - 1988 - Philosophia 18 (4):385-398.
1 — 50 / 97