247 found
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  1. Meta-Argumentation.Maurice Finocchiaro - 2013 - College Publications.
  2.  19
    Arguments About Arguments: Systematic, Critical, and Historical Essays in Logical Theory.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Following an approach that is empirical but not psychological, and dialectical but not dialogical, in this book Maurice Finocchiaro defines concepts such as reasoning, argument, argument analysis, critical reasoning, methodological reflection, judgment, critical thinking, and informal logic. Including extended critiques of the views of many contemporary scholars, he also integrates into the discussion Arnauld's Port-Royal Logic, Gramsci's theory of intellectuals, and case studies from the history of science, particularly the work of Galileo, Newton, Huygens, and Lavoisier.
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  3.  25
    Fallacies and the Evaluation of Reasoning.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):13 - 22.
  4.  21
    Defending Copernicus and Galileo.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):75-103.
  5.  16
    Current Periodical Articles.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1).
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  6. Galileo and the Art of Reasoning: Rhetorical Foundations of Logic and Scientific Method.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1980 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 15 (2):134-135.
     
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  7.  15
    Deep Disagreements: A Meta-Argumentation Approach.Maurice Finocchiaro & David M. Godden - unknown
    This paper examines the views of Fogelin, Woods, Johnstone, etc., concerning deep disa-greements, force-five standoffs, philosophical controversies, etc. My approach is to reconstruct their views and critiques of them as meta-arguments, and to elaborate the meta-argumentative aspects of radical disa-greements. It turns out that deep disagreements are resolvable to a greater degree than usually thought, but only by using special principles and practices, such as meta-argumentation, ad hominem argumentation, Ramsey’s principle, etc.
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  8.  30
    Debts, Oligarchies, and Holisms: Deconstructing the Fallacy of Composition.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (2):143-174.
    This is a critical appreciation of Govier’s 2006 ISSA keynote address on the fallacy of composition, and of economists’ writings on this fallacy in economics. I argue that the “fallacy of composition” is a problematical concept, because it does not denote a distinctive kind of argument but rather a plurality, and does not constitute a distinctive kind of error, but rather reduces to oversimplification in arguing from micro to macro. Finally, I propose further testing of this claim based on examples (...)
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  9.  30
    Dialectics, Evaluation, and Argument.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (1).
    A critical examination of the dialectical approach, focusing on a comparison ofthe illative and the dialectical definitions of argument. I distinguish a moderate, a strong and a hyper dialectical conception of argument. I critique Goldman's argument for the moderate conception and Johnson's argument for the strong conception, and argue that the moderate conception is correct.
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  10.  24
    Arguments, Meta-Arguments, and Metadialogues: A Reconstruction of Krabbe, Govier, and Woods. [REVIEW]Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (3):253-268.
    Krabbe (2003, in F.H. van Eemeren, J.A. Blair, C.A. Willard and A.F. Snoeck Henkemans (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation, Sic Sat, Amsterdam, pp. 641–644) defined a metadialogue as a dialogue about one or more dialogues, and a ground-level dialogue as a dialogue that is not a metadialogue. Similarly, I define a meta-argument as an argument about one or more arguments, and a ground-level argument as one which is not a meta-argument. (...)
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  11. Review Of: A Rhetoric of Science: Inventing Scientific Discourse by Lawrence J. Prelli. [REVIEW]Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1991 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (2):168-173.
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  12. Galileo and the Art of Reasoning: Rhetorical Foundations of Logic and Scientific Method.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1980 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 15 (2):136-138.
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  13.  11
    Methodological Problems in Empirical Logic.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal.
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  14.  13
    The Fallacy of Composition: Guiding Concepts, Historical Cases, and Research Problems.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (2):24-43.
  15.  22
    Six Types of Fallaciousness: Toward a Realistic Theory of Logical Criticism. [REVIEW]Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (3):263-282.
    I begin by formulating the problem of the nature of fallacy in terms of the logic of the negative evaluation of argument, that is, in terms of a theory of logical criticism; here I discuss several features of my approach and several advantages vis-à-vis other approaches; a main feature of my approach is the concern to avoid both formalist and empiricist excesses. I then define six types of fallaciousness, labeled formal, explanatory, presuppositional, positive, semantical, and persuasive; they all involve arguments (...)
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  16.  19
    Defending Copernicus and Galileo: Critical Reasoning and the Ship Experiment Argument.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):75-103.
  17.  28
    Two Empirical Approaches to the Study of Reasoning.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (1).
    David N. Perkins has studied everyday reasoning by an experimental-critical approach involving taped interviews during which subjects reflect on controversial issues and articulate their reasoning on both sides. The present author has studied scientific reasoning in natural language by an historical-textual approach involving the reconstruction and evaluation of the arguments in Galileo's Two Chief World Systems. They have, independently, reached the strikingly similar substantive conclusion that the most common flaw of informal reasoning is the failure to consider lines of argument (...)
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  18. Varieties of Rhetoric in Science.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1990 - History of the Human Sciences 3 (2):177-193.
  19.  28
    Errors of Reasoning: Naturalizing the Logic of Inference. [REVIEW]Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (2):231-239.
    1As an editor of this journal, John Woods and his distinguished contributions to logic, reasoning, and argumentation need little introduction. However, this book is partly a fruit of his relatively recent collaboration with Dov Gabbay, which deserves some elaboration. They have co-edited some monumental reference collections, e.g.: Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference: The Turn toward the Practical and Logic: A History of Its Central Concepts. And they are co-authoring an ambitious multi-volume work collectively entitled A Practical Logic (...)
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  20.  7
    Galileo: A Philosophical Study.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):255-264.
  21.  12
    Famous Meta-Arguments: Part I, Mill and the Tripartite Nature of Argumentation.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2007 - In Christopher W. Tindale Hans V. Hansen (ed.), Dissensus and the Search for Common Ground. Ossa.
    In the context of a study of meta-arguments in general, and famous meta-arguments in particular, I reconstruct chapter 1 of Mill’s Subjection of Women as the meta-argument: women’s liberation should be argued on its merits because the universality of subjection derives from the law of force and hence provides no presumption favoring its correctness. The raises the problem of the relationship among illative, dialectical, and meta-argumentative tiers.
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  22.  20
    Gramsci and the History of Dialectical Thought.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an interpretative and evaluative study of the thought of Antonio Gramsci, the founding father of the Italian Communist Party who died in 1937 after ten years of imprisonment in Fascist jails. It proceeds by a rigorous textual analysis of his Prison Notebooks, the scattered notes he wrote during his incarceration. Professor Finocchiaro explores the nature of Gramsci's dialectical thinking, in order to show in what ways Gramsci was and was not a Marxist, as well as to illustrate correspondences (...)
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  23.  39
    Physical-Mathematical Reasoning: Galileo on the Extruding Power of Terrestrial Rotation.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2003 - Synthese 134 (1-2):217 - 244.
  24.  7
    Mill’s On Liberty and Argumentation Theory.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
    Chapter 2 of Mill’s On Liberty is reconstructed as a complex argument for freedom of discussion; it consists of three subarguments, each possessing illative and dialectical components. The illative component is this: freedom of discussion is desirable because it enables us to determine whether an opinion is true, whereas its denial amounts to an assumption of infallibility; it improves our understanding and appreciation of the supporting reasons of true opinions, and our understanding and appreciation of their practical or emotional meaning; (...)
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  25. "The Concept of" Ad Hominem "Argument in Galileo and Locke".Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1974 - Philosophical Forum 5 (3):394.
     
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  26.  26
    Galileo as a ‘Bad Theologian’: A Formative Myth About Galileo’s Trial.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (4):753-791.
    For 150 years after Galileo’s condemnation in 1633, there were many references to the trial, but no sustained, heated or polarized discussions. Then came the thesis that Galileo was condemned not for being a good astronomer but for being a bad theologian ; it began in 1784–1785 with an apology of the Inquisition by Mallet du Pan in the Mercure de France and the printing in Tiraboschi’s Storia della letteratura italiana of an apocryphal letter attributed to Galileo but forged by (...)
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  27.  32
    Methodological Criticism and Critical Methodology.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (2):363-374.
    Methodological criticism may be defined as the critique of scientific practice in the light of methodological principles, and critical methodology as the study of proper methods of criticism; the problem is that of the interaction between the scientific methods which give methodological criticism its methodological character and the critical methods which give it its character of criticism. These ideas and this problem are illustrated by an examination of Karl Popper's critique of Marxian social science. It is argued that though Popper's (...)
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  28.  46
    Valid Ad Hominem Arguments in Philosophy: Johnstone's Metaphilosophical Informal Logic.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (1).
    This is a critical examination of Johnstone's thesis that all valid philosophical arguments are ad hominem. I clarify his notions of valid, philosophical, and ad hominem. I illustrate the thesis with his refutation ofthe claim that only ordinary language is correct. r discuss his three supporting arguments (historical, theoretical, and intermediate). And r criticize the thesis with the objections that if an ad hominem argument is valid, it is really ad rem; that it's unclear how his own theoretical argument can (...)
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  29.  25
    Dialogo Sopra I Due Massimi Sistemi, Tolemaico E Copernicano.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):578-580.
  30.  23
    Informal Logic and the Theory of Reasoning.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1984 - Informal Logic 6 (2).
  31.  11
    Commentary on Novak.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
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  32.  49
    Marcello Pera, "Hume, Kant E l'Induzione". [REVIEW]Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1984 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (4):484.
  33. To Save the Phenomena: Duhem on Galileo.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1992 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 46 (182):291-310.
     
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  34.  68
    The Port-Royal Logic's Theory of Argument.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (4):393-410.
    This is a critical examination of Antoine Arnauld's Logic or the Art of Thinking (1662), commonly known as the Port-Royal Logic. Rather than reading this work from the viewpoint of post-Fregean formal logic or the viewpoint of seventeenth-century intellectual history, I approach it with the aim of exploring its relationship to that contemporary field which may be labeled informal logic and/or argumentation theory. It turns out that the Port-Royal Logic is a precursor of this current field, or conversely, that this (...)
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  35.  23
    Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1972 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (4):357-372.
  36.  23
    Critical Thinking, Critical Reasoning, and Methodological Reflection.Maurice Finocchiaro - 1996 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 15 (4):66-79.
  37.  31
    Commentary on Johnson.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
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  38. Gramsci and the History of Dialectical Thought.MAURICE A. FINOCCHIARO - 1988 - Science and Society 55 (2):226-229.
     
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  39.  4
    Commentary On: Andrew Aberdein's "Fallacy and Argumentational Vice".Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
  40.  70
    The Hermeneutics of Negative Evaluation, or a Hunt for the Red October.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (1):161-167.
    One of the ideas elaborated in my recent book is what I called the hermeneutical\nprinciple of the asymmetry between negative and positive evaluation: ’this\nprescribes that the textual evidence needed to justify a negative, unfavourable\nevaluation must be of a high quality, strength, and rigor, whereas for a positive\nevaluation less exacting standards are sufficient’ (Finocchiaro, 1988: 247). There,\nI applied this principle to several cases, relating in one way or another to\nGramsci: some were his critiques of other authors, some were my own critiques\nof (...)
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  41.  6
    Newton's Third Rule of Philosophizing: A Role for Logic in Historiography.Maurice Finocchiaro - 1974 - Isis 65:66-73.
  42.  15
    Drake on Galileo.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 2002 - Annals of Science 59 (1):83-88.
  43.  12
    Defending Sole Singular Causal Claims.Robert Ennis & Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
    Even given agreement on the totality of conditions that brought about an effect, there often is disagreement about the cause of the effect, for example, the disagreement about the cause of the Gulf oil spill. Different conditions’ being deemed responsible accounts for such disagreements. The defense of the act of deeming a condition responsible often depends on showing that the condition was the appropriate target of interference in order to have avoided the effect.
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  44.  17
    Remarks on Truth, Problem-Solving, and Methodology.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (3):261.
  45.  52
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Tom Rockmore, John D. Windhausen, Maurice A. Finocchiaro, Irving H. Anellis & Heinrich Bortis - 1987 - Studies in East European Thought 33 (4):265-267.
  46.  53
    Reviews. [REVIEW]James G. Colbert, Irving H. Anellis, George Schedler, K. M. Jensen, Maurice A. Finocchiaro & Philip Moran - 1982 - Studies in East European Thought 24 (1):265-267.
  47.  11
    Logic and Rhetoric in Lavoisier's Sealed Note: Toward a Rhetoric of Science.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1977 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 (2):111 - 122.
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  48.  15
    Meta-Argumentation in Hume’s Critique of the Design Argument.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - unknown
    Although Hume’s critique of the design argument is a powerful non-inductive meta-argument, the main line of critical reasoning is not analogical but rather a complex meta-argument. It consists of two parts, one interpretive, the other evaluative. The critical meta-argument advances twelve criticisms: that the design argument is weak because two of its three premises are justified by inadequate subarguments; because its main inference embodies four flaws; and because the conclusion is in itself problematic for four reasons. Such complexity is quite (...)
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  49. Gramsci and the History of Dialectical Thought.MAURICE A. FINOCCHIARO - 1988 - Studies in Soviet Thought 43 (3):236-239.
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  50.  21
    Andrea Rocci: Modality in Argumentation—A Semantic Investigation of the Role of Modalities in the Structure of Arguments with an Application to Italian Modal Expressions: Springer, Dordrecht, 2017, Xii+488 Pp, $109.00, ISBN: 978-94-024-1061-7.Maurice Finocchiaro - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (4):603-607.
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