Results for 'Mauricio Rojas'

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Mauricio Rojas
Lund University
  1.  5
    Observando Observaciones de una Modernidad¿ Inacabada?Mauricio Rojas Mullor - 1998 - Cinta de Moebio: Revista Electrónica de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales 4:4.
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  2.  16
    Observando Observaciones de una Modernidad ¿Inacabada?Mauricio Rojas - 1998 - Cinta de Moebio 4.
    ¿Qué es lo que reemplazó la modernidad?. Sustituyó al mundo medieval que había consolidado una cosmovisión integral de la vida en donde Dios era el centro de ella y proveía las explicaciones, y por ende la relación con la naturaleza era contemplativa, allí se buscaba la presencia de Dios. De es..
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  3.  1
    Procesos de formación en investigación en la Universidad: ¿Qué le queda a los estudiantes?Hector Mauricio Rojas Betancur & Raquel Méndez Villamizar - 2017 - Sophia 13 (2):53-69.
    La formación investigativa es un componente central en la educación del joven universitario en la sociedad actual y la actitud hacia esa formación puede ser un indicador sobre la calidad de los procesos de formación y de la posibilidad de ingreso temprano del estudiante en los sistemas universitarios de investigación y la formación de científicos. En el presente estudio, de tipo transversal-correlacional, se evalúa la actitud del joven a partir de tres elementos: autopercepción, incidencia de los profesores e incidencia de (...)
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  4. The Cuban Republic and Josz Mart': Reception and Use of a National Symbol.Paul Estrade, Ottmar Ette, Mauricio A. Font, Joao Felipe Goncalves, Lillian Guerra, Laura Lomas, Antonio Lopez, Jose Matos, Oscar Montero, Consuelo Naranjo Orovio, Alfonso W. Quiroz, Rafael Rojas, Ivan A. Schulman, Rafael E. Tarrago & Carlos E. Bojorquez Urzaiz (eds.) - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    Jose Marti contributed greatly to Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain with words as well as revolutionary action. Although he died before the formation of an independent republic, he has since been hailed as a heroic martyr inspiring Cuban republican traditions.
     
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  5.  7
    El herbario de variedades de vid de Simón de Rojas Clemente y otras aportaciones. Valor científico y utilidad sociocultural de su legado.María Carmen Martínez, Pilar Gago, José Luis Santiago, Susana Boso & Mauricio Velayos - 2019 - Arbor 195 (791):494.
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  6. Scientific Representation: Against Similarity and Isomorphism.Mauricio Suárez - 2003 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (3):225-244.
    I argue against theories that attempt to reduce scientific representation to similarity or isomorphism. These reductive theories aim to radically naturalize the notion of representation, since they treat scientist's purposes and intentions as non-essential to representation. I distinguish between the means and the constituents of representation, and I argue that similarity and isomorphism are common but not universal means of representation. I then present four other arguments to show that similarity and isomorphism are not the constituents of scientific representation. I (...)
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  7. An Inferential Conception of Scientific Representation.Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):767-779.
    This paper defends an inferential conception of scientific representation. It approaches the notion of representation in a deflationary spirit, and minimally characterizes the concept as it appears in science by means of two necessary conditions: its essential directionality and its capacity to allow surrogate reasoning and inference. The conception is defended by showing that it successfully meets the objections that make its competitors, such as isomorphism and similarity, untenable. In addition the inferential conception captures the objectivity of the cognitive representations (...)
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  8. Scientific Representation.Mauricio Suárez - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (1):91-101.
    Scientific representation is a currently booming topic, both in analytical philosophy and in history and philosophy of science. The analytical inquiry attempts to come to terms with the relation between theory and world; while historians and philosophers of science aim to develop an account of the practice of model building in the sciences. This article provides a review of recent work within both traditions, and ultimately argues for a practice-based account of the means employed by scientists to effectively achieve representation (...)
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  9. Deflationary Representation, Inference, and Practice.Mauricio Suárez - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 49:36-47.
    This paper defends the deflationary character of two recent views regarding scientific representation, namely RIG Hughes’ DDI model and the inferential conception. It is first argued that these views’ deflationism is akin to the homonymous position in discussions regarding the nature of truth. There, we are invited to consider the platitudes that the predicate “true” obeys at the level of practice, disregarding any deeper, or more substantive, account of its nature. More generally, for any concept X, a deflationary approach is (...)
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  10. Theories: Tools Versus Models.Mauricio Suárez & Nancy Cartwright - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):62-81.
    In “The Toolbox of Science” (1995) together with Towfic Shomar we advocated a form of instrumentalism about scientific theories. We separately developed this view further in a number of subsequent works. Steven French, James Ladyman, Otavio Bueno and Newton Da Costa (FLBD) have since written at least eight papers and a book criticising our work. Here we defend ourselves. First we explain what we mean in denying that models derive from theory – and why their failure to do so should (...)
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  11. Quantum Propensities.Mauricio Suárez - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (2):418-438.
    This paper reviews four attempts throughout the history of quantum mechanics to explicitly employ dispositional notions in order to solve the quantum paradoxes, namely: Margenau’s latencies, Heisenberg’s potentialities, Maxwell’s propensitons, and the recent selective propensities interpretation of quantum mechanics. Difficulties and challenges are raised for all of them, and it is concluded that the selective propensities approach nicely encompasses the virtues of its predecessors. Finally, some strategies are discussed for reading dispositional notions into two other well-known interpretations of quantum mechanics, (...)
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  12. Bohmian Dispositions.Mauricio Suárez - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3203-3228.
    This paper argues for a broadly dispositionalist approach to the ontology of Bohmian mechanics . It first distinguishes the ‘minimal’ and the ‘causal’ versions of Bohm’s theory, and then briefly reviews some of the claims advanced on behalf of the ‘causal’ version by its proponents. A number of ontological or interpretive accounts of the wave function in BM are then addressed in detail, including configuration space, multi-field, nomological, and dispositional approaches. The main objection to each account is reviewed, namely the (...)
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  13. Scientific Fictions as Rules of Inference.Mauricio Suárez - 2009 - In Fictions in Science: Philosophical Essays on Modeling and Idealization. Routledge. pp. 158--178.
  14. Quantum Selections, Propensities and the Problem of Measurement.Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (2):219-255.
    This paper expands on, and provides a qualified defence of, Arthur Fine's selective interactions solution to the measurement problem. Fine's approach must be understood against the background of the insolubility proof of the quantum measurement. I first defend the proof as an appropriate formal representation of the quantum measurement problem. The nature of selective interactions, and more generally selections, is then clarified, and three arguments in their favour are offered. First, selections provide the only known solution to the measurement problem (...)
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  15. Fictions in Science: Philosophical Essays on Modeling and Idealization.Mauricio Suárez (ed.) - 2008 - Routledge.
    Science is popularly understood as being an ideal of impartial algorithmic objectivity that provides us with a realistic description of the world down to the last detail. The essays collected in this book—written by some of the leading experts in the field—challenge this popular image right at its heart, taking as their starting point that science trades not only in truth, but in fiction, too. With case studies that range from physics to economics and to biology, _Fictions in Science_ reveals (...)
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  16.  14
    Caminando Por la Cornisa de Este Planeta Llamado Chiloé: Testimonio de Edward Rojas V., Arquitecto.Sergio Mansilla Torres & Edward Rojas Vega - 2007 - Alpha (Osorno) 25.
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  17.  83
    Propensities and Pragmatism.Mauricio Suárez - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (2):61-92.
    : This paper outlines a genuinely pragmatist conception of propensity, and defends it against common objections to the propensity interpretation of probability, prominently Humphreys’ paradox. The paper reviews the paradox and identifies one of its key assumptions, the identity thesis, according to which propensities are probabilities. The identity thesis is also involved in empiricist propensity interpretations deriving from Popper’s influential original proposal, and makes such interpretations untenable. As an alternative, I urge a return to Charles Peirce’s original insights on probabilistic (...)
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  18.  34
    Theories, Models, and Representations.Mauricio Suárez - 1999 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum. pp. 75--83.
    I argue against an account of scientific representation suggested by the semantic, or structuralist, conception of scientific theories. Proponents of this conception often employ the term “model” to refer to bare “structures”, which naturally leads them to attempt to characterize the relation between models and reality as a purely structural one. I argue instead that scientific models are typically “representations”, in the pragmatist sense of the term: they are inherently intended for specific phenomena. Therefore in general scientific models are not (...)
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  19.  44
    The Representational Semantic Conception.Mauricio Suárez & Francesca Pero - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (2):344-365.
    This paper argues for a representational semantic conception of scientific theories, which respects the bare claim of any semantic view, namely that theories can be characterised as sets of models. RSC must be sharply distinguished from structural versions that assume a further identity of ‘models’ and ‘structures’, which we reject. The practice-turn in the recent philosophical literature suggests instead that modelling must be understood in a deflationary spirit, in terms of the diverse representational practices in the sciences. These insights are (...)
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  20.  19
    The Pragmatics of Scientific Representation.Mauricio Suárez - manuscript
    This paper is divided in two parts. In part I, I argue against two attempts to naturalise the notion of scientific representation, by reducing it to isomorphism and similarity. I distinguish between the means and the constituents of representation, and I argue that isomorphism and similarity are common means of representation; but that they are not constituents of scientific representation. I look at the prospects for weakened versions of these theories, and I argue that only those that abandon the aim (...)
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  21. Fictions, Inference and Realism.Mauricio Suárez - 2010 - In John Woods (ed.), Fictions and Models: New Essays. Munich: Philosophia Verlag.
    Abstract: It is often assumed without argument that fictionalism in the philosophy of science contradicts scientific realism. This paper is a critical analysis of this assumption. The kind of fictionalism that is at present discussed in philosophy of science is characterised, and distinguished from fictionalism in other areas. A distinction is then drawn between forms of fictional representation, and two competing accounts of fiction in science are discussed. I then outline explicitly what I take to be the argument for the (...)
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  22.  33
    Depersonalization: A Selective Impairment of Self-Awareness.Mauricio Sierra & Anthony S. David - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):99-108.
    Depersonalization is characterised by a profound disruption of self-awareness mainly characterised by feelings of disembodiment and subjective emotional numbing.It has been proposed that depersonalization is caused by a fronto-limbic suppressive mechanism – presumably mediated via attention – which manifests subjectively as emotional numbing, and disables the process by which perception and cognition normally become emotionally coloured, giving rise to a subjective feeling of ‘unreality’.Our functional neuroimaging and psychophysiological studies support the above model and indicate that, compared with normal and clinical (...)
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  23.  88
    On Quantum Propensities: Two Arguments Revisited.Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (1):1-16.
    Peter Milne and Neal Grossman have argued against Popper's propensity interpretation of quantum mechanics, by appeal to the two-slit experiment and to the distinction between mixtures and superpositions, respectively. In this paper I show that a different propensity interpretation successfully meets their objections. According to this interpretation, the possession of a quantum propensity by a quantum system is independent of the experimental set-ups designed to test it, even though its manifestations are not.
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  24. Causal Inference in Quantum Mechanics: A Reassessment.Mauricio Suárez - 2007 - In Frederica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality and Probability in the Sciences. College Publications. pp. 65-106.
    There has been an intense discussion, albeit largely an implicit one, concerning the inference of causal hypotheses from statistical correlations in quantum mechanics ever since John Bell’s first statement of his notorious theorem in 1966. As is well known, its focus has mainly been the so-called Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (“EPR”) thought experiment, and the ensuing observed correlations in real EPR like experiments. But although implicitly the discussion goes as far back as Bell’s work, it is only in the last two decades that (...)
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  25.  45
    The Semantic View, Empirical Adequacy, and Application.Mauricio Suárez - 2005 - Critica 37 (109):29-63.
    It is widely accepted in contemporary philosophy of science that the domain of application of a theory is typically larger than its explanatory covering power: theories can be applied to phenomena that they do not explain. I argue for an analogous thesis regarding the notion of empirical adequacy. A theory's domain of application is typically larger than its domain of empirical adequacy: theories are often applied to phenomena from which they receive no empirical confirmation. \\\ Existe en la filosofía de (...)
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  26.  62
    A Critique of Empiricist Propensity Theories.Mauricio Suárez - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):215-231.
    I analyse critically what I regard as the most accomplished empiricist account of propensities, namely the long run propensity theory developed by Donald Gillies . Empiricist accounts are distinguished by their commitment to the ‘identity thesis’: the identification of propensities and objective probabilities. These theories are intended, in the tradition of Karl Popper’s influential proposal, to provide an interpretation of probability that renders probability statements directly testable by experiment. I argue that the commitment to the identity thesis leaves empiricist theories, (...)
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  27.  58
    Representation in Science.Mauricio Suárez - 2016 - In Paul Humphreys (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science. New York, NY, USA: pp. 440-459.
    This article provides a state of the art review of the philosophical literature on scientific representation. It first argues that the topic emerges historically mainly out of what may be called the modelling tradition. It then introduces a number of helpful analytical distinctions, and goes on to divide contemporary approaches to scientific representation into two distinct kinds, substantive and deflationary. Analogies with related discussions of artistic representation in aesthetics, and of the nature of truth in metaphysics are pursued. It is (...)
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  28.  61
    Probabilities, Causes and Propensities in Physics.Mauricio Suárez - 2011 - In Mauricio Su’Arez (ed.), Probabilities, Causes and Propensities in Physics. Springer.
    These are the introduction chapters to the forthcoming collection of essays published by Springer (Synthese Library) and entitled Probabilities, Causes and Propensities in Physics.
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  29.  64
    Scientific Representation.Mauricio Suárez - 2014 - Oxford Bibliographies Online.
    Scientific representation is a booming field nowadays within the philosophy of science, with many papers published regularly on the topic every year, and several yearly conferences and workshops held on related topics. Historically, the topic originates in two different strands in 20th-century philosophy of science. One strand begins in the 1950s, with philosophical interest in the nature of scientific theories. As the received or “syntactic” view gave way to a “semantic” or “structural” conception, representation progressively gained the center stage. Yet, (...)
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  30.  7
    The Role of Models in the Application of Scientific Theories: Epistemological Implications.Mauricio Suárez - 1999 - In .
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  31. Interventions and Causality in Quantum Mechanics.Mauricio Suárez - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (2):199-213.
    I argue that the Causal Markov Condition (CMC) is in principle applicable to the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) correlations. This is in line with my defence in the past of the applicability of the Principle of Common Cause to quantum mechanics. I first review a contrary claim by Dan Hausman and Jim Woodward, who endeavour to preserve the CMC against a possible counterexample by asserting that the conditions for the application of the CMC are not met in the EPR experiment. In their (...)
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  32.  57
    The Chances of Propensities.Mauricio Suárez - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):1155-1177.
    This paper argues that if propensities are displayed in objective physical chances then the appropriate representation of these chances is as indexed probability functions. Two alternative formal models, or accounts, for the relation between propensity properties and their chancy or probabilistic manifestations, in terms of conditionals and conditional probability are first reviewed. It is argued that both confront important objections, which are overcome by the account in terms of indexed probabilities. A number of further advantages of the indexed probability account (...)
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  33. Causal Markov, Robustness and the Quantum Correlations.Mauricio Suárez & Iñaki San Pedro - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez (ed.), Causes, Probabilities and Propensities in Physics. Springer. pp. 173–193.
    It is still a matter of controversy whether the Principle of the Common Cause (PCC) can be used as a basis for sound causal inference. It is thus to be expected that its application to quantum mechanics should be a correspondingly controversial issue. Indeed the early 90’s saw a flurry of papers addressing just this issue in connection with the EPR correlations. Yet, that debate does not seem to have caught up with the most recent literature on causal inference generally, (...)
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  34.  9
    Selections, Dispositions and the Problem of Measurement.Mauricio Suárez - manuscript
    This paper expands on, and provides a qualified defence of, Arthur Fine’s selective interactions solution to the measurement problem. Fine’s approach must be understood against the background of the insolubility proof of the quantum measurement. I first defend the proof as an appropriate formal representation of the quantum measurement problem. Then I clarify the nature of selective interactions, and more generally selections, and I go on to offer three arguments in their favour. First, selections provide the only known solution to (...)
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  35.  28
    Possible Worlds Semantics for Partial Meet Multiple Contraction.Maurício D. L. Reis & Eduardo Fermé - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (1):7-28.
    In the logic of theory change, the standard model is AGM, proposed by Alchourrón et al. (J Symb Log 50:510–530, 1985 ). This paper focuses on the extension of AGM that accounts for contractions of a theory by a set of sentences instead of only by a single sentence. Hansson (Theoria 55:114–132, 1989 ), Fuhrmann and Hansson (J Logic Lang Inf 3:39–74, 1994 ) generalized Partial Meet Contraction to the case of contractions by (possibly non-singleton) sets of sentences. In this (...)
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  36.  34
    Bringing About Changes to Corporate Social Policy Through Shareholder Activism: Filers, Issues, Targets, and Success.Miguel Rojas, Bouchra M'zali, Marie-France Turcotte & Philip Merrigan - 2009 - Business and Society Review 114 (2):217-252.
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  37. On the Analogy Between Cognitive Representation and Truth.Mauricio Suárez & Albert Solé - 2006 - Theoria 21 (1):39-48.
    In this paper we claim that the notion of cognitive representation (and scientific representation in particular) is irreducibly plural. By means of an analogy with the minimalist conception of truth, we show thatthis pluralism is compatible with a generally deflationary attitude towards representation. We then explore the extent and nature of representational pluralism by discussing the positive and negative analogies between the inferential conception of representation advocated by one of us and the minimalist conception of truth.
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  38. Causal Processes and Propensities in Quantum Mechanics.Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Theoria 19 (3):271-300.
    In an influential article published in 1982, Bas Van Fraassen developed an argument against causal realism on the basis of an analysis of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations of quantum mechanics. Several philosophers of science and experts in causal inference -including some causal realists like Wesley Salmon- have accepted Van Fraassen’s argument, interpreting it as a proof that the quantum correlations cannot be given any causal model. In this paper I argue that Van Fraassen’s article can also be interpreted as a good (...)
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  39.  5
    Bolívar y el devenir en la naturaleza.Claudia Arcila Rojas - 2014 - Perseitas 2 (1):11.
    Las circunstancias del hombre están tejidas en la experiencia vital desarrollada en medio de condiciones materiales que supeditan la razón al devenir de la realidad para hacer del conocimiento una construcción destilada de las preocupaciones míticas y concentradas en las ocupaciones de la pregunta. Sobre el rigor epistemológico que supone preguntar la naturaleza, Simón Bolívar contempla la geografía con el precedente de las contradicciones políticas y económicas que estimulan su lucha y, en el delirio poético producido por la belleza de (...)
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  40.  22
    Review. Norton M Wise (Ed). The Values of Precision.Mauricio Suárez - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (3):483-486.
  41.  7
    Reflections on Kant’s Practical Philosophy and His “Non-conceptualism”.David Rojas-Lizama - 2017 - Ideas Y Valores 66 (164):105-127.
    RESUMEN Se examina la diferencia en el estatuto moral de los seres humanos y de los demás animales, en la filosofía práctica de Kant, así como las consecuencias de esta distinción para el debate en torno al conceptualismo, centrando la atención en dos líneas que parecen correr paralelas: una considera que los animales no humanos tienen el valor relativo de cosas, mientras que la otra sostiene que los animales no humanos o humanos no racionales pueden tener acceso no conceptual a (...)
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  42.  2
    Lectura Y escritura en apertura a nuevos lenguajes: Una relación desde el Maestro artesano.Claudia Arcila Rojas - 2017 - Perseitas 5 (2):440.
    El presente trabajo transita por la reflexión del maestro como artesano en los territorios de la lectura y la escritura en tanto camino formativo, donde el sujeto construye subjetividad en el encuentro con el lenguaje y la otredad. En el carácter social y cultural del lenguaje, estas construcciones tienen manifestación en los textos y contextos que ambientan el escenario de actuaciones y diálogos entre subjetividades, y por lo mismo, los diálogos íntimos, donde la voz del maestro se reconoce en las (...)
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  43.  2
    Representation in Science.Mauricio Suárez - 2015 - In Paul Humpreys (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Science. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
    This article provides a state-of-the-art review of the philosophical literature on scientific representation. It first argues that the topic emerges historically mainly out of what may be called the modelling tradition. It then introduces a number of helpful analytical distinctions and goes on to divide contemporary approaches to scientific representation into two distinct kinds, substantive and deflationary. Analogies with related discussions of artistic representation in aesthetics and the nature of truth in metaphysics are pursued. It is finally urged that the (...)
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  44. The Many Metaphysics Within Physics. Essay Review of 'The Metaphysics Within Physics' by Tim Maudlin.Mauricio Suárez - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):273-276.
    Essay Review of Tim Maudlin's "The Metaphysics within Physics", Oxford University Press, 2007.
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  45.  16
    Bringing About Changes to Corporate Social Policy Through Shareholder Activism: Filers, Issues, Targets, and Success.Miguel Rojas, Bouchra M'zali, Marie Turcotte & Philip Merrigan - 2009 - Business and Society Review 114 (2):217-252.
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  46.  17
    La auto-afección del otro: Heidegger y el tiempo que demora el sí-mismo.Cristóbal Durán Rojas - 2015 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 71:53-64.
    We propose a reading of Heidegger’s interpretation of the problem of Self-Affection in the first Kantian Critique. If the Time and the ‘I Think’ are unified is due to the notion of time as pure Self-Affection, that could capture the formation of Self without subordinating it to an extra-temporal connection. We attempt to show that Heidegger’s account considers time as a self-referential movement which however requires a delay and a retreat of itself to release what is coming. In order to (...)
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  47.  8
    The Role of Contingency in Classical Conditioning.Mauricio R. Papini & M. E. Bitterman - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):396-403.
  48.  2
    The Role of Models in the Application of Scientific Theories: Epistemological Implications.Mauricio Suárez - 1999 - In Mary S. Morgan & Margaret Morrison (eds.), Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science.
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  49.  31
    Characteristics of Companies Targeted by Social Proxies: An Empirical Analysis in the Context of the United States.Miguel Rojas, Bouchra M'Zali, Marie-France Turcotte & Philip Merrigan - 2012 - Business and Society Review 117 (4):515-534.
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  50. Causes, Probabilities and Propensities in Physics.Mauricio Suarez - 2010 - Springer.
    Table of Contents: Preface.- 1. Introduction; Mauricio Suárez.- PART I: PROBABILITIES.- 2. Probability and time symmetry in classical Markov processes; Guido Bacciagaluppi.- 3. Probability assignments and the principle of indifference: An examination of two eliminative strategies; Sorin Bangu.- 4. Why typicality does not explain the approach to equilibrium; Roman Frigg; PART II: CAUSES.- 5. From metaphysics to physics and back: The example of causation; Federico Laudisa.- 6. On explanation in retro-causal interpretations of quantum mechanics; Joseph Berkovitz.- 7. Causal completeness (...)
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