Results for 'Mavis Machirori'

41 found
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  1.  36
    Beyond Individualism: Is There a Place for Relational Autonomy in Clinical Practice and Research?Edward S. Dove, Susan E. Kelly, Federica Lucivero, Mavis Machirori, Sandi Dheensa & Barbara Prainsack - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (3):150-165.
    The dominant, individualistic understanding of autonomy that features in clinical practice and research is underpinned by the idea that people are, in their ideal form, independent, self-interested and rational gain-maximising decision-makers. In recent decades, this paradigm has been challenged from various disciplinary and intellectual directions. Proponents of ‘relational autonomy’ in particular have argued that people’s identities, needs, interests – and indeed autonomy – are always also shaped by their relations to others. Yet, despite the pronounced and nuanced critique directed at (...)
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  2.  87
    Kantian Moral Striving.Mavis Biss - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (1):1-23.
    This paper focuses on a single question that highlights some of the most puzzling aspects of Kants disposition to duty, or strength of will? I argue that a dominant strand of Kant’s approach to moral striving does not fit familiar models of striving. I seek to address this problem in a way that avoids the flaws of synchronic and atomistic approaches to moral self-discipline by developing an account of Kantian moral striving as an ongoing contemplative activity complexly engaged with multiple (...)
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  3.  28
    Positive Morality and the Realization of Freedom in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Mavis Biss - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):610-624.
    This paper argues that recent accounts of Kantian virtue as “strengthened” inner freedom apply much more clearly to the avoidance of violations of perfect duties than to the fulfillment of imperfect duties, leaving us with the question of how inadequate commitment to morally required ends impacts the exercise of inner freedom. The question is answered through the development of a model of inner freedom that emphasizes the relationship between moral self‐governance and participation in an ethical community.
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  4.  85
    Radical Moral Imagination: Courage, Hope, and Articulation.Mavis Biss - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (4):937-954.
    This paper develops the basis for a new account of radical moral imagination, understood as the transformation of moral understandings through creative response to the sensed inadequacy of one's moral concepts or morally significant appraisals of lived experience. Against Miranda Fricker, I argue that this kind of transition from moral perplexity to increased moral insight is not primarily a matter of the “top-down” use of concepts. Against Susan Babbitt, I argue that it is not primarily a matter of “bottom-up” intuitive (...)
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  5.  23
    Friendship, Trust and Moral Self-Perfection.Mavis Biss - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    This paper develops an account of moral friendship that both draws on and revises Kant’s conception of moral friendship for the purpose of explaining how trusting and being trusted in the way that Kant describes supports moral self-perfection beyond increased self-knowledge and refinement of judgment. I will argue that cultivation of the virtues of friendship is important to the pursuit of moral self-perfection, specifically with respect to combatting the unsociable side of our unsociable sociability. Reciprocal trust shelters the individual’s predisposition (...)
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  6. Aristotle on Friendship and Self-Knowledge: The Friend Beyond the Mirror.Mavis Biss - 2011 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (2):125.
    Aristotle's emphasis on sameness of character in his description of the virtuous friend as "another self" figures centrally in all his arguments for the necessity of friendship to self-knowledge. Although the attribution of the Magna Moralia to Aristotle is disputed, the comparison of the friend to a mirror in this work has encouraged many commentators to view the friend as a mirror that provides the clearest and most immediate image of one's own virtue. I will offer my own reading of (...)
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  7.  4
    Where Now for Post-Normal Science?: A Critical Review of its Development, Definitions, and Uses.Irene Lorenzoni, Mavis Jones & John Turnpenny - 2011 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 36 (3):287-306.
    ‘‘Post-normal science’’ has received much attention in recent years, but like many iconic concepts, it has attracted differing conceptualizations, applications, and implications, ranging from being a ‘‘cure-all’’ for democratic deficit to the key to achieving more sustainable futures. This editorial article introduces a Special Issue that takes stock of research on PNS and critically explores how such research may develop. Through reviewing the history and evolution of PNS, the authors seek to clarify the extant definitions, conceptualizations, and uses of PNS. (...)
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  8.  57
    Moral Imagination, Perception, and Judgment.Mavis Biss - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):1-21.
    This paper develops an account of moral imagination that identifies the ways in which imaginative capacities contribute to our ability to make reason practical in the world, beyond their roles in moral perception and moral judgment. In section 1, I explain my understanding of what it means to qualify imagination as ‘moral,’ and go on in section 2 to identify four main conceptions of moral imagination as an aspect of practical reason in philosophical ethics. I briefly situate these alternative ideas (...)
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  9.  32
    Avoiding Vice and Pursuing Virtue: Kant on Perfect Duties and ‘Prudential Latitude’.Mavis Biss - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (4):618-635.
    To fulfill a perfect duty an agent must avoid vice, yet when an agent refrains from acting on a prohibited maxim she still must do something. I argue that the setting of morally required ends ought to consistently inform an agent's judgment regarding what is to be done beyond compliance with perfect, negative duties. Kant's assertion of a puzzling version of latitude of choice within his discussion of perfect duties motivates and complicates the case I make for a more expansive (...)
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  10.  1
    Locating Scientific Citizenship: The Institutional Contexts and Cultures of Public Engagement.Nick Pidgeon, Mavis Jones, Irene Lorenzoni & Karen Bickerstaff - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (4):474-500.
    In this article, we explore the institutional negotiation of public engagement in matters of science and technology. We take the example of the Science in Society dialogue program initiated by the UK’s Royal Society, but set this case within the wider experience of the public engagement activities of a range of charities, corporations, governmental departments, and scientific institutions. The novelty of the analysis lies in the linking of an account of the dialogue event and its outcomes to the values, practices, (...)
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  11.  44
    Arendt and the Theological Significance of Natality.Mavis Louise Biss - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (11):762-771.
    In her 1958 book The Human Condition, Hannah Arendt points to the potential of human action to initiate new beginnings, a capacity she calls natality, as the source of political renewal that could save the modern age from ruin. The question of the relationship between natality and theological concepts is one of the most perplexing points of dispute in the Arendt scholarship of the last two decades. The overall function of the concept of natality in Arendt’s thought has been variously (...)
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  12.  25
    Radical Moral Imagination and Moral Luck.Mavis Biss - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (4-5):558-570.
    To a greater extent than other theorists, Claudia Card in her analysis of moral luck considers the impact of attempts to transform moral meanings on the development of the agent's character and her responsibilities, over time and in relation to other agents. This essay argues that this wider frame of reference captures more of what is at stake in the efforts of those who resist oppression by attempting to implement radically revised meanings.
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  13.  10
    A Mint of Trouble, 1279 to 1307.Mavis Mate - 1969 - Speculum 44 (2):201-212.
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  14.  5
    Transcreation in Marketing: A Corpus-Based Study of Persuasion in Optional Shifts From English to Chinese.Nga-Ki Mavis Ho - 2021 - Perspectives 29 (3):426-438.
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  15.  12
    Mavis E. Mate, Daughters, Wives and Widows After the Black Death: Women in Sussex, 1350–1535. Woodbridge, Suff., and Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer, 1998. Pp. Xiii, 221; Tables. $72.Jacqueline Murray - 2000 - Speculum 75 (2):500-502.
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  16. Schooling Students Placed at Risk: Research, Policy, and Practice in the Education of Poor and Minority Adolescents.Mavis G. Sanders (ed.) - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book examines historical approaches and current research and practice related to the education of adolescents placed at risk of school failure as a result of social and economic conditions. One major goal is to expand the intellectual exchange among researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and concerned citizens on factors influencing the achievement of poor and minority youth, specifically students in middle and high schools. Another is to encourage increased dialogue about policies and practices that can make a difference in educational opportunities (...)
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  17.  19
    Women's Childhood Experience of Parental Separation and Their Subsequent Health and Socioeconomic Status in Adulthood.Diana Kuh & Mavis Maclean - 1990 - Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (1):121-135.
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  18.  14
    Policy Legitimation, Expert Advice, and Objectivity: 'Opening' the UK Governance Framework for Human Genetics.Mavis Jones - 2004 - Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):247 – 270.
    In response to political pressures arising from controversial science policy decisions, the United Kingdom (UK) government conducted a review of its biotechnology governance framework in 1999, identifying best practices of open government and creating strategic bodies to adopt them. Drawing from empirical data on the context and nature of the open government framework, this paper argues that the framework may be interpreted as elasticizing objectivity. Value-neutral scientific objectivity is essentially 'stretched' into a pluralist objectivity that purports to represent a spectrum (...)
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  19.  10
    İngilizce Dersi Öğretim Programı İle Türkçe Dersi Öğretim Programı Arasında Hedef, İçerik, Öğrenme/Ö.Fazilet Özge Mavi̇ş - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 11):1083-1083.
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  20.  1
    A Salty Tongue: At the Margins of Satire, Comedy and Polemic in the Writing of Valerie Solanas.Mavis Haut - 2007 - Feminist Theory 8 (1):27-41.
    Valerie Solanas deserves fresh assessment. An innovator whose aberrant humour has not been fully recognized, Solanas embarked on the male-dominated route of a type of satire that has most commonly been represented in the form of male stand-up comedy. She does not engage in the irony, absurdly overstated ‘femininity’ or parodic self-reference with which many women comedians have ridiculed male behaviour. Her Scum Manifesto declares war on the patriarchal establishment in all its multiple forms: government, capitalism, the economy, law, work, (...)
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  21.  13
    Effect of Sex of Subject, Sex of Experimenter, and Reinforcement Condition on Serial Verbal Learning.Mavis Hetherington & Leonard E. Ross - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):572.
  22.  5
    Families.Mavis Maclean - 2010 - In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press.
    Family laws concern relationships, belief, and values, and reflect the social diversities as well as a dynamic nature. This article analyses the relationship between family and the state that emerges at the juncture of the conformation of family dynamics to the social benchmark of codes. It opens up with the discussion of three central concerns of empirical work: the first two arise from demographic change reflected in marriage breakdown and its consequences for finance and parenting. The third strand deals with (...)
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  23.  16
    British Weights & Measures: A History From Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century. Ronald Edward Zupko.Mavis Mate - 1979 - Speculum 54 (4):877-878.
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  24. John AF Thomson, Ed., Towns and Townspeople in the Fifteenth Century. Gloucester, Eng., and Wolfeboro Falls, NH: Alan Sutton, 1988. Pp. Xiii, 192; 1 Black-and-White Plate. $28. [REVIEW]Mavis Mate - 1991 - Speculum 66 (2):486-487.
     
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  25.  11
    Le Trésor de Fécamp Et le Monnayage En Francie Ocidentale Pendant la Seconde Moitié du Xe Siècle. Françoise Dumas-Dubourg.Mavis Mate - 1974 - Speculum 49 (1):114-114.
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  26.  24
    Medieval Artisans: An Urban Class in Late Medieval England.Heather Swanson.Mavis Mate - 1992 - Speculum 67 (2):488-488.
  27.  11
    Peasants and Landlords in Later Medieval England.E. B. Fryde.Mavis Mate - 1998 - Speculum 73 (4):1136-1137.
  28.  10
    Alison Hanham, The Celys and Their World: An English Merchant Family of the Fifteenth Century. Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985. Pp. Xv, 472; 2 Figures, 8 Tables. $49.50.Mavis Mate - 1988 - Speculum 63 (2):407-408.
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  29.  15
    Winchester in the Early Middle Ages: An Edition and Discussion of the Winton Domesday. Frank Barlow, Martin Biddle, Olof Von Feilitzen, D. J. Keene, T. J Brown, H. M. Nixon, Francis Wormald. [REVIEW]Mavis Mate - 1978 - Speculum 53 (3):560-561.
  30.  10
    A Kantian Response to the Problem of Reception.Mavis Biss - 2019 - Social Theory and Practice 45 (4):525-547.
    This paper addresses the problem of explaining the relationship between social recognition and justification of moral action, or “the problem of reception.” It is an especially acute and distinctive problem for agents who resist oppression by challenging established norms because action may be necessary even when good reception cannot be expected. I draw on recent work in Kantian ethics that acknowledges the conditions of socially embedded rational agency to argue that moral resisters’ misread actions may count as moral achievements, despite (...)
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  31.  48
    Empathy and Interrogation.Mavis Biss - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (2):277-288.
    Against the background of not-so-distant debate regarding “enhanced” interrogation techniques used by the United States during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, which many understand to be torture, this essay explores the moral complexities of “ordinary” interrogation practices, those that are clearly not forms of torture. Based on analysis of the written reflections of two United States interrogators on the work they did during the Iraq war, I categorize the roles played by multiple modes of empathy within interrogation and argue (...)
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  32.  12
    Michael Cholbi, Understanding Kant’s Ethics Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016 Pp. 232 ISBN 9781316681459 £64.99. [REVIEW]Mavis Biss - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (1):151-155.
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  33.  39
    On W. P. Ker’s “Imagination and Judgment”.Mavis Biss - 2014 - Ethics 125 (1):232-234,.
    In “Imagination and Judgment” W.P. Ker argues, contrary to the “ordinary teaching” of the moralists of his day, that we have good reason to consider imagination as “the highest form of practical wisdom or prudence” (475). Modes of imaginative thought that direct human passion towards morally valuable ends are best understood as a form of reason or an intellectual virtue, as opposed to a dangerous distraction from reality and threat to good judgment. Ker’s piece remains of interest partly because it (...)
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  34.  17
    Beyond Autonomy: Care Ethics for Midwifery and the Humanization of Birth.Elizabeth Newnham & Mavis Kirkham - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301881911.
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  35.  11
    The Australian Antioch Movement Today: Strengths, Concerns and Challenges.Ron Pirola & Mavis Pirola - 1998 - The Australasian Catholic Record 75 (4):424.
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  36.  2
    Coleridge and the Perils of the Unbridled Imagination.Patricia Mavis Jenkins - 1977 - Philosophy and Literature 1 (2):192-200.
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  37.  18
    Studies of the Influence of Differential Visual Experience on Figural Aftereffects.E. Mavis Hetherington, Herbert L. Pick Jr & Charles H. Koski - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):466.
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  38.  16
    Towards a ‘Social Anthropology’ of End-of-Life Moral Deliberation: A Study of Australian Salvation Army Officers.Andrew Cameron, Bruce Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt & Jennifer Ma - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics 33 (3):299-317.
    A research project by the Schools of Theology and Psychology of Australia’s Charles Sturt University surveyed a large sample of Salvation Army officers. This article considers survey responses to two questions relating to end-of-life care: the use of pain medications that may shorten life, and the cessation of fluid and food intake. The results of the analyses are evaluated in terms of Michael Banner’s proposal that moral theology should more assiduously converse with ‘patient ethnographic study’, which the survey instantiates to (...)
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  39.  23
    The Missing Link / Monument for the Distribution of Wealth (Johannesburg, 2010).Vincent W. J. Van Gerven Oei & Jonas Staal - 2011 - Continent 1 (4):242-252.
    continent. 1.4 (2011): 242—252. Introduction The following two works were produced by visual artist Jonas Staal and writer Vincent W.J. van Gerven Oei during a visit as artists in residence at The Bag Factory, Johannesburg, South Africa during the summer of 2010. Both works were produced in situ and comprised in both cases a public intervention conceived by Staal and a textual work conceived by Van Gerven Oei. It was their aim, in both cases, to produce complementary works that could (...)
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  40. The Vicious Undertow of Vanity in Young Adult.Joseph Kupfer - 2021 - Film and Philosophy 25:23-36.
    The film Young Adult offers a striking example of vanity and its entanglement with other vices. Mavis Garry is prompted to return to her home town to woo a married, former beau out of vanity: an overweening desire to be admired for her appearance and authorship. Vanity involves wishing to be seen possessing something valuable that others lack and bestowing excessive attention on it, as in Mavis’s repeated physical preening and buffing. Because comparison is central to vanity, it (...)
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  41. Flowers on the Rock: Global and Local Buddhisms in Canada.John S. Harding, Victor Sogen Hori & Alexander Soucy - 2014 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    When Sasaki Sokei-an founded his First Zen Institute of North America in 1930 he suggested that bringing Zen Buddhism to America was like "holding a lotus against a rock and waiting for it to set down roots." Today, Buddhism is part of the cultural and religious mainstream. Flowers on the Rock examines the dramatic growth of Buddhism in Canada and questions some of the underlying assumptions about how this tradition has changed in the West. Using historical, ethnographic, and biographical approaches, (...)
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