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Max Kistler [76]Maximilian Kistler [2]
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Max Kistler
University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
  1. Powers, Dispositions and Laws of Nature.Max Kistler - 2020 - In Meincke (ed.), Dispositionalism: Perspectives from Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science (Synthese Library). Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 171-188.
    Metaphysics should follow science in postulating laws alongside properties. I defend this claim against the claim that natural properties conceived as powers make laws of nature redundant. Natural properties can be construed in a “thin” or a “thick” way. If one attributes a property in the thin sense to an object, this attribution does not conceptually determine which other properties the object possesses. The thin construal is underlying the scientific strategy for understanding nature piecemeal. Science explains phenomena by cutting reality (...)
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  2. Mechanisms and Downward Causation.Max Kistler - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):595-609.
    Experimental investigation of mechanisms seems to make use of causal relations that cut across levels of composition. In bottom-up experiments, one intervenes on parts of a mechanism to observe the whole; in top-down experiments, one intervenes on the whole mechanism to observe certain parts of it. It is controversial whether such experiments really make use of interlevel causation, and indeed whether the idea of causation across levels is even conceptually coherent. Craver and Bechtel have suggested that interlevel causal claims can (...)
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  3. The Interventionist Account of Causation and Non-Causal Association Laws.Max Kistler - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (1):1-20.
    The key idea of the interventionist account of causation is that a variable A causes a variable B if and only if B would change if A were manipulated in the appropriate way. This paper raises two problems for Woodward's (2003) version of interventionism. The first is that the conditions it imposes are not sufficient for causation, because these conditions are also satisfied by non-causal relations of nomological dependence expressed in association laws. Such laws ground a relation of mutual manipulability (...)
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  4. Causation and Laws of Nature.Max Kistler - 2006 - London: Routledge.
    Causation is important. It is, as Hume said, the cement of the universe, and lies at the heart of our conceptual structure. Causation is one of the most fundamental tools we have for organizing our apprehension of the external world and ourselves. But philosophers' disagreement about the correct interpretation of causation is as limitless as their agreement about its importance. The history of attempts to elucidate the nature of this concept and to situate it with respect to other fundamental concepts (...)
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  5.  74
    Reducing Causality to Transmission.Max Kistler - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (1):1-25.
    The idea that causation can be reduced to transmission of an amount of some conserved quantity between events is spelled out and defended against important objections. Transmission is understood as a symmetrical relation of copresence in two distinct events. The actual asymmetry of causality has its origin in the asymmetrical character of certain irreversible physical processes and then spreads through the causal net. This conception is compatible with the possibility of backwards causation and with a causal theory of time. Genidentity, (...)
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  6.  2
    Causation and Laws of Nature.Max Kistler - 2006 - London: Routledge.
    This is the first English translation of _Causalite´ et Lois de La Nature,_ and is an important contribution to the theory of causation_._ Max Kistler reconstructs a unified concept of causation that is general enough to adequately deal with both elementary physical processes, and the macroscopic level of phenomena we encounter in everyday life. This book will be of great interest to philosophers of science and metaphysics, and also to students and scholars of philosophy of mind where concepts of causation (...)
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  7.  25
    Introduction: new trends in the metaphysics of science.Max Kistler - 2020 - Synthese 197 (5):1841-1846.
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  8. The Causal Criterion of Reality and the Necessity of Laws of Nature.Max Kistler - 2002 - Metaphysica 3 (1):57-86.
    I propose an argument for the thesis that laws of nature are necessary in the sense of holding in all worlds sharing the properties of the actual world, on the basis of a principle I propose to call the Causal Criterion of Reality . The CCR says: for an entity to be real it is necessary and sufficient that it is capable to make a difference to causal interactions. The crucial idea here is that the capacity to interact causally - (...)
     
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  9.  44
    Natural Kinds, Causal Profile and Multiple Constitution.Max Kistler - 2018 - Metaphysica 19 (1):113-135.
    The identity of a natural kind can be construed in terms of its causal profile. This conception is more appropriate to science than two alternatives. The identity of a natural kind is not determined by one causal role because one natural kind can have many causal roles and several functions and because some functions are shared by different kinds. Furthermore, the microstructuralist thesis is wrong: The identity of certain natural kinds is not determined by their microstructure. It is true that (...)
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  10.  51
    Dispositions and Causal Powers.Max Kistler & Bruno Gnassounou (eds.) - 2007 - Ashgate.
    This collection of essays, by leading international researchers, examines the case for realism with respect to dispositions and causal powers in both ...
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  11. Powerful Properties and the Causal Basis of Dispositions.Max Kistler - 2011 - In Alexander Bird, B. D. Ellis & Howard Sankey (eds.), Properties, Powers, and Structures: Issues in the Metaphysics of Realism. Routledge. pp. 119--137.
     
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  12.  11
    Causalité Et Lois de la Nature.Max Kistler - 1999 - Vrin.
    La philosophie des sciences de l’empirisme logique avait discrédité la causalité comme étant un concept du sens commun irrémédiablement vague et confus, pour lui substituer le concept d’explication scientifique. Cependant, dans nombre de théories contemporaines, notamment en philosophie de l’esprit et du langage, le concept de causalité continue à jouer un rôle de premier plan.Ce livre montre qu’il est possible de concevoir la causalité d’une manière compatible avec des connaissances scientifiques contemporaines. La relation causale fondamentale a lieu entre événements en (...)
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  13. Necessary Laws.Max Kistler - 2005 - In Jan Faye, Paul Needham, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Nature’s Principles. Springer. pp. 201-227.
    In the first part of this paper, I argue against the view that laws of nature are contingent, by attacking a necessary condition for its truth within the framework of a conception of laws as relations between universals. I try to show that there is no independent reason to think that universals have an essence independent of their nomological properties. However, such a non-qualitative essence is required to make sense of the idea that different laws link the same universals in (...)
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  14. Causalit’E Et Lois de la Nature.Max Kistler - 1999 - Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.
    La philosophie des sciences de l’empirisme logique avait discrédité la causalité comme étant un concept du sens commun irrémédiablement vague et confus, pour lui substituer le concept d’explication scientifique. Cependant, dans nombre de théories contemporaines, notamment en philosophie de l’esprit et du langage, le concept de causalité continue à jouer un rôle de premier plan.Ce livre montre qu’il est possible de concevoir la causalité d’une manière compatible avec des connaissances scientifiques contemporaines. La relation causale fondamentale a lieu entre événements en (...)
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  15. Causation as Transference and Responsibility.Max Kistler - 2001 - In Wolfgang Spohn, Marion Ledwig & Michael Esfeld (eds.), Current Issues in Causation. Mentis. pp. 115-133.
    During the last decades there has been a remarkable renewal of interest in theories of causation which is linked to the decline of the orthodoxy of the Logical empiricist school. A number of alternatives to the traditional covering-law account have been proposed. I shall defend a version of an approach that has been undeservedly neglected: the Transference Theory of causation. Accounts of this type elaborate the intuition that there is a material link between the cause and the effect, consisting of (...)
     
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  16. New Perspectives on Reduction and Emergence in Physics, Biology and Psychology.Max Kistler - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):311 - 312.
  17.  68
    Causation in Contemporary Analytical Philosophy.Max Kistler - 2002 - Quaestio 2 (1):635-668.
    Contemporary analytic philosophy is in the midst of a vigorous debate on the nature of causation. Each of the main proposals discussed in this chapter faces important problems: the deductive-nomological model, the counterfactual theory, the manipulability theory, the probabilistic theory and the transference theory. After having explored possible solutions to these problems, I conclude that one version of the transference approach is most promising. However, as I show in the last section, it is necessary to supplement this transference approach with (...)
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  18. Is Functional Reduction Logical Reduction?Max Kistler - 2005 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (14):219-234.
    The functionalist conception of mental properties, together with their multiple realizability, is often taken to entail their irreducibility. It might seem that the only way to revise that judgement is to weaken the requirements traditionally imposed on reduction. However, Jaegwon Kim has recently argued that we should, on the contrary, strengthen those requirements, and construe reduction as what I propose to call “logical reduction”, a model of reduction inspired by emergentism. Moreover, Kim claims that what he calls “functional reduction” allows (...)
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  19. Higher-­Level, Downward and Specific Causation.Max Kistler - 2016 - In Michele Paolini Paoletti & Francesco Orilia (eds.), Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation. Routledge.
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  20.  18
    The Causal Efficacy of Macroscopic Dispositional Properties.Max Kistler - 2007 - In Max Kistler & Bruno Gnassounou (eds.), Dispositions and Causal Powers. Ashgate. pp. 103--132.
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  21.  61
    Causes as Events and Facts.Max Kistler - 1999 - Dialectica 53 (1):25–46.
    The paper defends the view that events are the basic relata of causation, against arguments based on linguistic analysis to the effect that only facts can play that role. According to those arguments, causal contexts let the meaning of the expressions embedded in them shift: even expressions possessing the linguistic form that usually designates an event take a factual meaning.However, defending events as fundamental relata of causation turns out to be possible only by attributing a – different – causal role (...)
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  22.  32
    Strong Emergence and Freedom: Comment on A. Stephan.Max Kistler - 2010 - In Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 240--251.
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  23.  21
    The Mental the Macroscopic, and Their Effects.Max Kistler - 2006 - Epistemologia 29 (1):79-102.
  24. Laws of Nature, Exceptions and Tropes.Max Kistler - 2003 - Philosophia Scientiae 7 (2):189-219.
    I propose a realist theory of laws formulated in terms of tropes that avoids both the problems of the "best-systems-analysis" and the "inference problem" of realism of universals. I analyze the concept of an exceptional situation, characterized as a situation in which a particular object satisfies the antecedent but not the consequent of the regularity associated with a law, without thereby falsifying that law. To take this possibility into account, the properties linked by a law must be conceived as dispositional (...)
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  25. Source and Channel in the Informational Theory of Mental Content.Max Kistler - 2000 - Facta Philosophica 2 (2):213-36.
    With the aim of giving a naturalistic foundation to the notion of mental representation, Fred Dretske (1981;1988) has put forward and developed the idea that the relation between a representation and its intentional content is grounded on an informational relation. In this explanatory model, mental representations are conceived of as states of organisms which a learning process has selected to play a functional role: a necessary condition for fulfilling this role is that the organism or some proper part of it (...)
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  26.  15
    La causalité comme transfert et dépendance nomique.Max Kistler - 2006 - Philosophie 89 (2):53.
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  27. Reduction and Emergence in the Physical Sciences: Reply to Rueger.Max Kistler - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):347 - 354.
    I analyse Rueger’s application of Kim’s model of functional reduction to the relation between the thermal conductivities of metal bars at macroscopic and atomic scales. 1) I show that it is a misunderstanding to accuse the functional reduction model of not accounting for the fact that there are causal powers at the micro-level which have no equivalent at the macro-level. The model not only allows but requires that the causal powers by virtue of which a functional predicate is defined, are (...)
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  28. Précis de "E-physicalism - A Physicalist Theory Of Phenomenal Consciousness" (Spanish version).Reinaldo Bernal, Pierre Jacob, Maximilian Kistler, David Papineau, Jérôme Dokic, Juan Diego Morales Otero & Jaime Ramos - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (152):267-297.
    El libro E-physicalism - A Physicalist Theory of PhenomenalConsciousness presenta una teoría en el área de la metafísica de laconciencia fenomenal. Está basada en las convicciones de que la experienciasubjetiva -en el sentido de Nagel - es un fenómeno real,y de que alguna variante del fisicalismo debe ser verdadera.
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  29. Some Problems for Lowe's Four-Category Ontology.Max Kistler - 2004 - Analysis 64 (2):146–151.
    In E.J. Lowe's ontology, (individual) objects are property-bearers which 1) have identity and 2) are countable. This makes it possible to become or cease to be an object, by beginning or ceasing to fulfil one of these conditions. But the possibility of switching fundamental ontological categories should be excluded. Furthermore, Lowe does not show that “quasi-individuals” (which are not countable) can exist. I argue against Lowe that kinds cannot be property-bearers in a more genuine sense than properties, that they are (...)
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  30. La cause d'un événement éléments d'une métaphysique descriptive de la causalité entre événements.Geert Keil & Max Kistler - 2006 - Philosophie 89 (2):21.
    La philosophie contemporaine connaît une demi-douzaine de théories de la causalité. À l'époque de Kant et de Hume leur nombre a été moindre, à l'avenir on peut s'attendre à ce que leur nombre continue d'augmenter. Parmi les affirmations faites par ces théories sur la nature de la causalité, certaines sont compatibles entre elles, mais beaucoup ne le sont pas. Par conséquent, ou bien quelques-unes de ces théories sont fausses, ou bien elles ne portent pas sur le même objet. Dans ce (...)
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  31. Précis of "E-physicalism-a physicalist theory of phenomenal consciousness".Reinaldo Bernal Velasquez, Pierre Jacob, Maximilian Kistler, David Papineau & Jérôme Dokic - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (152):268-297.
    El libro "E-physicalism - A Physicalist Theory of Phenomenal Consciousness" presenta una teoría en el área de la metafísica de la conciencia fenomenal. Está basada en las convicciones de que la experiencia subjetiva -en el sentido de Nagel - es un fenómeno real, y de que alguna variante del fisicalismo debe ser verdadera.
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  32.  37
    Physics' Contribution to Causation.Max Kistler - 2020 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy (AO):21-46.
    Most philosophers of physics are eliminativists about causation. Following Bertrand Russell’s lead, they think that causation is a folk concept that cannot be rationally reconstructed within a worldview informed by contemporary physics. Against this thesis, I argue that physics contributes to shaping the concept of causation, in two ways. 1. Special Relativity is a physical theory that expresses causal constraints. 2. The physical concept of a conserved quantity can be used in the functional reduction of the notion of causation. The (...)
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  33. Multi-Track Dispositions and Laws of Nature.Max Kistler - unknown
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  34. Lowe's Argument for Dualism From Mental Causation.Max Kistler - 2005 - Philosophia 33 (1-4):319-329.
  35. Le combinatorialisme et le réalisme nomologique sont-ils compatibles?Max Kistler - 2004 - In Jean-Maurice Monnoyer (ed.), La Structure du Monde. Vrin, Paris. pp. 199--221.
    English title: Are combinatorialism and nomological realism compatible?
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  36. Colours and Appearances as Powers and Manifestations.Max Kistler - unknown
    Humans have only finite discriminatory capacities. This simple fact seems to be incompatible with the existence of appearances. As many authors have noted, the hypothesis that appearances exist seems to be refuted by reductio: Let A, B, C be three uniformly coloured surfaces presented to a subject in optimal viewing conditions, such that A, B, and C resemble one another perfectly except with respect to their colours. Their colours differ slightly in the following way: the difference between A and B (...)
     
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  37.  4
    Models of Downward Causation.Max Kistler - 2021 - In Jan Voosholz & Markus Gabriel (eds.), Top-Down Causation and Emergence. Springer Verlag. pp. 305-326.
    Two conceptual frameworks – in terms of phase space and in terms of structural equations – are sketched, in which downward causal influence of higher-level features on lower-level features is possible. The “Exclusion” principle, which is a crucial premise of the argument against the possibility of downward causation, is false in models constructed within both frameworks. Both frameworks can be supplemented with conceptual tools that make it possible to explain why downward causal influence is not only conceivable and compatible with (...)
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  38.  37
    Causation Across Levels, Constitution, and Constraint.Max Kistler - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences · Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 141--151.
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  39.  83
    Le trou noir de la causalité.Jonathan Schaffer, Max Kistler & Philippe De Brabanter - 2006 - Philosophie 89 (2):40.
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  40.  2
    Physics’ Contribution to Causation.Max Kistler - 2021 - Kriterion – Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):21-46.
    Most philosophers of physics are eliminativists about causation. Following Bertrand Russell’s lead, they think that causation is a folk concept that cannot be rationally reconstructed within a worldview informed by contemporary physics. Against this thesis, I argue that physics contributes to shaping the concept of causation, in two ways. Special Relativity is a physical theory that expresses causal constraints. The physical concept of a conserved quantity can be used in the functional reduction of the notion of causation. The empirical part (...)
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  41.  10
    Elly Vintiadis, Constantin Mekios (Eds): Brute Facts, Emergence, and Scientific Explanation.Max Kistler - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (1):189-199.
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  42. Causalité et lois de la nature, coll. « Mathesis ».Max Kistler - 2001 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 191 (2):258-259.
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  43. Naturphilosophie Als Metaphysik der Natur – By Michael Esfeld.Max Kistler - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (1):99-103.
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  44. Paul Needham's Macroscopic Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Max Kistler - 2020 - BJPS Review of Books.
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  45. Horizontal, Vertical and Diachronic Emergence.Max Kistler - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  46.  49
    Réduction «Rôle-Occupant», Réduction «Micro-Macro» Et Explication Réductrice a Priori.Max Kistler - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (2):225-248.
    Selon une thése importante, il est en principe possible de déduire de manière a priori la plupart des vérités macroscopiques d’une (hypothétique) description complète du monde en termes microphysiques P, et donc de construire des explications réductrices a priori. Contre cette thèse, je montre que l’explication réductrice requiert des informations sur les phénomènes à réduire qui ne peuvent pas être extraites a priori des seules informations microphysiques. De telles réductions ont deux parties : une «reductionRO» («role-occupant») établit qu’une macropropriété M (...)
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  47.  47
    Review of Markus Schrenk, The Metaphysics of Ceteris Paribus Laws[REVIEW]Max Kistler - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (10).
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  48.  38
    Review of Alexander Hieke, Hannes Leitgeb (Eds.), Reduction: Between the Mind and the Brain[REVIEW]Max Kistler - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (2).
    This volume is a collection of essays presented at the 31st International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg, in August 2008. It has the character of a high-quality journal issue. There is no introduction, and the papers do not all directly bear on the topic of the original conference, which was "Reduction and Elimination in Philosophy and the Sciences". In what follows, I offer a short description of each paper, and add critical remarks in some cases.
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  49.  38
    Cognition and Neurophysiology: Mechanism, Reduction, and Pluralism.Max Kistler - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):539-541.
    The papers collected in this volume explore some of the powers and limitations of the concept of mechanism for the scientific understanding of cognitive systems, and aim at bringing together some of the most recent developments in the philosophical understanding of the relation of cognition to neuroscience. Earlier versions of most papers have been presented at a workshop held in Paris on June 19th, 2006, which was organized by Institut Jean Nicod and supported by RESCIF (R seau des sciences cognitives (...)
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  50.  22
    Lois, Exceptions Et Dispositions.Max Kistler - 2006 - In Kistler Max & Gnassounou Bruno (eds.), Les Dispositions En Philosophie Et En Sciences. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 175--94.
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