Results for 'Maximilian Levenson'

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  1.  1
    A Relationalist Rethinking of Destructive Events: Making Better Choices with William James.Maximilian Levenson - 2022 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 36 (1):69-86.
    ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to show how William James's thought can help to construct a critical approach to the conceptualization of unexpected destructive events and suggest modes of conceptualization that reduce social injustice. I draw on several interrelated themes in James's thought, including, but not limited to: metaphysical and moral relationalism, the tragedy of choice, and the psychology of selective attention. Specifically, I argue that James provides resources for mounting a criticism of a kind of essentialist thinking (...)
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  2.  24
    Implementation of Clinical Ethics Consultation in German Hospitals.Maximilian Schochow, Dajana Schnell & Florian Steger - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):985-991.
    In order to build on the information that was obtained in the course of the first study, a follow-up survey was conducted first by phone and subsequently in a written form between August and October 2014. We contacted 1.858 hospitals in all of Germany for the follow-up survey by phone. In cases where a hospital had not participated in the first study, the willingness to participate in the follow-up survey was established in advance. The survey’s dispatch was ensured in the (...)
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  3.  16
    Will the Plant-Based Movement Redefine Physicians’ Understanding of Chronic Disease?Maximilian Andreas Storz - 2020 - The New Bioethics 26 (2):141-157.
    The world is experiencing a cataclysmically increasing burden from chronic illnesses. Chronic diseases are on the advance worldwide and treatment strategies to counter this development are dominate...
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  4.  13
    Modeling the Structure of Recent Philosophy.Maximilian Noichl - 2019 - Synthese 198 (6):5089-5100.
    This paper presents an approach of unsupervised learning of clusters from a citation database, and applies it to a large corpus of articles in philosophy to give an account of the structure of the discipline. Following a list of journals from the PhilPapers-archive, 68,152 records were downloaded from the Reuters Web of Science-Database. Their citation data was processed using dimensionality reduction and clustering. The resulting clusters were identified, and the results are graphically represented. They suggest that the division of analytic (...)
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  5. Emotion Elicitation Using Films.James J. Gross & Robert W. Levenson - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (1):87-108.
  6. Basic Emotion Questions.Robert W. Levenson - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):379-386.
    Among discrete emotions, basic emotions are the most elemental; most distinct; most continuous across species, time, and place; and most intimately related to survival-critical functions. For an emotion to be afforded basic emotion status it must meet criteria of: (a) distinctness (primarily in behavioral and physiological characteristics), (b) hard-wiredness (circuitry built into the nervous system), and (c) functionality (provides a generalized solution to a particular survival-relevant challenge or opportunity). A set of six emotions that most clearly meet these criteria (enjoyment, (...)
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  7.  41
    Physicians' and Nurses' Expectations and Objections Toward a Clinical Ethics Committee.Maximiliane Jansky, Gabriella Marx, Friedemann Nauck & Bernd Alt-Epping - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (7):0969733013478308.
    The study aimed to explore the subjective need of healthcare professionals for ethics consultation, their experience with ethical conflicts, and expectations and objections toward a Clinical Ethics Committee. Staff at a university hospital took part in a survey (January to June 2010) using a questionnaire with open and closed questions. Descriptive data for physicians and nurses (response rate = 13.5%, n = 101) are presented. Physicians and nurses reported similar high frequencies of ethical conflicts but rated the relevance of ethical (...)
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  8. The Big Typescript, German English Scholars' Edition.Maximilian E. Aue & Ludwig Wittgenstein - 2005 - Wiley.
  9.  18
    Positive Emotions Speed Recovery From the Cardiovascular Sequelae of Negative Emotions.Barbara L. Fredrickson & Robert W. Levenson - 1998 - Cognition and Emotion 12 (2):191-220.
  10. The Intrapersonal Functions of Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):481-504.
  11.  39
    Artificial Intelligence in Medicine and the Disclosure of Risks.Maximilian Kiener - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-9.
    This paper focuses on the use of ‘black box’ AI in medicine and asks whether the physician needs to disclose to patients that even the best AI comes with the risks of cyberattacks, systematic bias, and a particular type of mismatch between AI’s implicit assumptions and an individual patient’s background situation. Pace current clinical practice, I argue that, under certain circumstances, these risks do need to be disclosed. Otherwise, the physician either vitiates a patient’s informed consent or violates a more (...)
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  12.  20
    The Application of Standards and Recommendations to Clinical Ethics Consultation in Practice: An Evaluation at German Hospitals.Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis & Florian Steger - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (3):793-799.
    The executive board of the Academy for Ethics in Medicine and two AEM working groups formulated standards and recommendations for clinical ethics consultation in 2010, 2011, and 2013. These guidelines comply with the international standards like those set by the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. There is no empirical data available yet that could indicate whether these standards and recommendations have been implemented in German hospitals. This desideratum is addressed in the present study. We contacted 1.858 German hospitals between (...)
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  13.  6
    Progressive and Conservative Firms in Multistakeholder Initiatives: Tracing the Construction of Political CSR Identities Within the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh.Maximilian J. L. Schormair & Kristin Huber - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (2):454-495.
    The proliferation of multistakeholder initiatives over the past years has sparked an intense debate on the political role of corporations in the governance of global business conduct. To gain a better understanding of corporate political behavior in multistakeholder governance, this article investigates how firms construct a political identity when participating in MSIs. Based on an in-depth case study of the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh—an MSI established after the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory complex in (...)
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  14.  17
    Biological Modalities.Maximilian Huber - unknown
    Biological modalities play an important explanatory role in biological practice. However, biological modalities lack truth conditions and the inferential relationship between biological and other modalities is unclear. This thesis addresses these problems, first, by improving upon Daniel Dennett's Library of Mendel. Second, a family of modal logics is introduced. In the simplest model, states are interpreted as codons, the binary relation is interpreted as single substitution mutation and the valuation induces a partition of blocks of codons that code for some (...)
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  15. The Bounds of Agency: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.Maximilian Degaynesford - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):170-174.
  16.  23
    Unsustainable Growth, Hyper-Competition, and Worth in Life Science Research: Narrowing Evaluative Repertoires in Doctoral and Postdoctoral Scientists’ Work and Lives.Maximilian Fochler, Ulrike Felt & Ruth Müller - 2016 - Minerva 54 (2):175-200.
    There is a crisis of valuation practices in the current academic life sciences, triggered by unsustainable growth and “hyper-competition.” Quantitative metrics in evaluating researchers are seen as replacing deeper considerations of the quality and novelty of work, as well as substantive care for the societal implications of research. Junior researchers are frequently mentioned as those most strongly affected by these dynamics. However, their own perceptions of these issues are much less frequently considered. This paper aims at contributing to a better (...)
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  17. Historical Significance.Joseph R. Levenson - 1960 - Diogenes 8 (32):17-27.
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  18.  39
    A Snapshot Of Foundational Attitudes Toward Quantum Mechanics.Maximilian Schlosshauer, Johannes Kofler & Anton Zeilinger - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):222-230.
    Foundational investigations in quantum mechanics, both experimental and theoretical, gave birth to the field of quantum information science. Nevertheless, the foundations of quantum mechanics themselves remain hotly debated in the scientific community, and no consensus on essential questions has been reached. Here, we present the results of a poll carried out among 33 participants of a conference on the foundations of quantum mechanics. The participants completed a questionnaire containing 16 multiple-choice questions probing opinions on quantum-foundational issues. Participants included physicists, philosophers, (...)
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  19.  17
    Autonomous Driving Ethics: From Trolley Problem to Ethics of Risk.Maximilian Geisslinger, Franziska Poszler, Johannes Betz, Christoph Lütge & Markus Lienkamp - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1033-1055.
    In 2017, the German ethics commission for automated and connected driving released 20 ethical guidelines for autonomous vehicles. It is now up to the research and industrial sectors to enhance the development of autonomous vehicles based on such guidelines. In the current state of the art, we find studies on how ethical theories can be integrated. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no framework for motion planning has yet been published which allows for the true implementation of any practical (...)
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  20.  5
    What Do You Think You Are Measuring? A Mixed-Methods Procedure for Assessing the Content Validity of Test Items and Theory-Based Scaling.Ingrid Koller, Michael R. Levenson & Judith Glück - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  21. The Inception and Displacement of Confucianism: From History as the Base of Culture to Historicism and Shifting Sands.Joseph R. Levenson - 1963 - Diogenes 11 (42):65-80.
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  22.  12
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):100-112.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  23.  10
    Corporate Remediation of Human Rights Violations: A Restorative Justice Framework.Maximilian J. L. Schormair & Lara M. Gerlach - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (3):475-493.
    In the absence of effective judicial remediation mechanisms after business-related human rights violations, companies themselves are expected to establish remediation procedures for affected victims and communities. This is a challenge for both companies and victims since comprehensive company-based grievance mechanisms are currently missing. In this paper, we explore how companies can provide effective remediation after human rights violations. Accordingly, we critically assess two different approaches to conflict resolution, alternative dispute resolution and restorative justice, for their potential to provide dialogue-based, non-judicial (...)
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  24.  10
    Overcoming Epistemic Compositionalism by Appreciating Kant's Insight: Skepticism, Givenness, and Mind-Independence in the Transcendental Deduction.Maximilian Tegtmeyer - 2022 - Synthese 200 (1):1-37.
    Many interpretations of Kant’s first Critique fail to appreciate the revolutionary nature of his account of knowledge and its implications for skepticism, givenness and mind-independence, because they read Kant as holding a compositional account of knowledge. I contend that the reason for this is that this account is both naturally appealing in its own right, and fits an influential reading of Kant’s Transcendental Deduction. On this reading, the Deduction aims to respond to a skeptical worry which issues from the empiricist (...)
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  25.  72
    Niels Bohr as Philosopher of Experiment: Does Decoherence Theory Challenge Bohr׳s Doctrine of Classical Concepts?Kristian Camilleri & Maximilian Schlosshauer - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 49:73-83.
  26.  38
    The Fish Pain Debate: Broadening Humanity’s Moral Horizon.Maximilian Padden Elder - 2014 - Journal of Animal Ethics 4 (2):16-29,.
    This article explores the moral complexities and inconsistencies in the perception of fish welfare; mainly, that fish lack the ability to suffer and, therefore, exist outside of humanity’s moral horizon. The science behind fish sentience has advanced to the point where a serious discussion on the human-fish relationship is warranted. It is argued that enough scientific evidence exists to provide evidence for fish sentience and suffering. However, for those unconvinced in light of the lack of both scientific and popular consensus, (...)
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  27.  4
    Variants of Epistemic Capitalism: Knowledge Production and the Accumulation of Worth in Commercial Biotechnology and the Academic Life Sciences.Maximilian Fochler - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (5):922-948.
    Capitalist dynamics in knowledge production are not limited to situations in which economic interests influence researchers’ practices. Building on laboratory studies and the French “pragmatic” tradition in sociology, this article proposes an approach to tackle more pervasive capitalist logics at work in contemporary research and their consequences. It uses the term epistemic capitalism to denote the accumulation of capital, as worth made durable, through the act of doing research, in and beyond academia. In doing so, it conceptualizes capitalism primarily not (...)
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  28. Focused Correlation, Confirmation, and the Jigsaw Puzzle of Variable Evidence.Maximilian Schlosshauer & Gregory Wheeler - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (3):376-92.
    Focused correlation compares the degree of association within an evidence set to the degree of association in that evidence set given that some hypothesis is true. A difference between the confirmation lent to a hypothesis by one evidence set and the confirmation lent to that hypothesis by another evidence set is robustly tracked by a difference in focused correlations of those evidence sets on that hypothesis, provided that all the individual pieces of evidence are equally, positively relevant to that hypothesis. (...)
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  29.  47
    On Zurek’s Derivation of the Born Rule.Maximilian Schlosshauer & Arthur Fine - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (2):197-213.
    Recently, W. H. Zurek presented a novel derivation of the Born rule based on a mechanism termed environment-assisted invariance, or “envariance” [W. H. Zurek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 120404 ]. We review this approach and identify fundamental assumptions that have implicitly entered into it, emphasizing issues that any such derivation is likely to face.
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  30.  3
    A Bayesian Approach to Dynamical Modeling of Eye-Movement Control in Reading of Normal, Mirrored, and Scrambled Texts.Maximilian M. Rabe, Johan Chandra, André Krügel, Stefan A. Seelig, Shravan Vasishth & Ralf Engbert - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  31.  8
    External Teleology and Functionalism: Hegel, Life Science and the Organism–Environment Relation.Maximilian Scholz - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-18.
    In the chapter on Observing Reason in the Phenomenology, as well as in §368 of the Philosophy of Nature, Hegel deals with the life sciences of his time. There, he labels the methodology of its representatives, namely zoology and comparative anatomy, as external teleology. In this paper I want to show that by doing so he is actually discussing a general kind of functionalism. Thereby, I want to highlight a line of thought in Hegel's texts which represents a productive reading (...)
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  32.  7
    Was Kann Das Konzept der Diskriminierung Für Die Medizinethik Leisten? – Eine AnalyseWhat Can the Concept of Discrimination Contribute to Medical Ethics?—An Analysis.Maximiliane Hädicke & Claudia Wiesemann - forthcoming - Ethik in der Medizin.
    ZusammenfassungKaum ein Begriff der ethischen Debatten der letzten Jahre hat eine solche Konjunktur erlebt wie der Begriff der Diskriminierung. Eine vergleichende Erörterung des Konzepts einschließlich seiner begrifflichen Nuancen und seiner ethischen Bedeutung für das Gesundheitswesen fehlte jedoch bislang. Ziel dieses Beitrags ist die Entwicklung eines differenzierten Verständnisses von Diskriminierung auf der Basis der philosophischen und soziologischen Literatur vor dem Hintergrund ethisch relevanter medizinischer und pflegerischer Szenarios. Anhand von praktischen Beispielen aus dem Gesundheitswesen erörtern wir die Besonderheiten direkter, indirekter und statistischer (...)
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  33. Illocutionary Acts, Subordination and Silencing.Gaynesford Maximilian De - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):488 - 490.
    Claudia Bianchi defends what she calls ‘MacKinnon's claim’: that ‘works of pornography can be understood as illocutionary acts of subordinating women, or illocutionary acts of silencing women’ in response to Saul , and by appeal to the formulations of Langton , Hornsby and Hornsby and Langton . I think Bianchi has two different claims in mind , and that it is important to distinguish the two, since the argument offered for either claim frustrates the aim sought by the other.Bianchi expresses (...)
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  34.  24
    Maximilian Voloshin’s Classical Metres.Igor Karlovsky - 2012 - Sign Systems Studies 40 (1/2):211-230.
    Maximilian Voloshin turned to classical metres after he moved to Crimea that in his consciousness had associations with Hellas. Also, his friendship with Vyacheslav Ivanov became an important stimulus. Initially, Voloshin used the same metres that can be found in Ivanov's collection of poems Кормчие звезды. However, their form shows that Voloshin was well familiar with classical poetry.
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  35.  9
    Creating Value by Sharing Values: Managing Stakeholder Value Conflict in the Face of Pluralism Through Discursive Justification.Maximilian J. L. Schormair & Dirk Ulrich Gilbert - 2021 - Business Ethics Quarterly 31 (1):1-36.
    ABSTRACTThe question of how to engage with stakeholders in situations of value conflict to create value that includes a plurality of conflicting stakeholder value perspectives represents one of the crucial current challenges of stakeholder engagement as well as of value creation stakeholder theory. To address this challenge, we conceptualize a discursive sharing process between affected stakeholders that is oriented toward discursive justification involving multiple procedural steps. This sharing process provides procedural guidance for firms and stakeholders to create pluralistic stakeholder value (...)
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  36.  35
    Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt.Alan Kim - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  37.  32
    Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation: An Interventional Tool for Enhancing Behavioral Training After Stroke.Maximilian J. Wessel, Máximo Zimerman & Friedhelm C. Hummel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  38.  11
    Consent, Threats, and Offers.Maximilian Kiener - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):66-68.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 66-68.
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  39.  11
    Social Freezing in Medical Practice. Experiences and Attitudes of Gynecologists in Germany.Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis, Grit Büchner-Mögling, Hansjakob Fries & Florian Steger - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1483-1492.
    Surveys of the German public have revealed a high acceptance of social freezing, i.e. oocyte conservation without medical indication. Up to now, there are no investigations available on the experiences and attitudes of health professionals towards social freezing. Between August 2015 and January 2016, we surveyed gynecologists Germany-wide on the topic social freezing. Five gynecologists specialized in reproductive medicine and five office-based gynecologists in standard care were chosen for the survey. The survey was conducted with an explorative, qualitative research design. (...)
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  40. Creation and the Persistence of Evil: The Jewish Drama of Divine Omnipotence.Jon D. Levenson - 1988
     
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  41.  7
    Reflections on 30 Years of Cognition & Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):8-13.
  42.  7
    Clinical Ethics Consultation in the Transition Countries of Central and Eastern Europe.Marcin Orzechowski, Maximilian Schochow & Florian Steger - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):833-850.
    Since 1989, clinical ethics consultation in form of hospital ethics committees was established in most of the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Up to now, the similarities and differences between HECs in Central and Eastern Europe and their counterparts in the U.S. and Western Europe have not been determined. Through search in literature databases, we have identified studies that document the implementation of clinical ethics consultation in Central and Eastern Europe. These studies have been analyzed under the following (...)
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  43.  29
    A Phenomenology of Weather and Qi.Maximilian Gregor Hepach - 2017 - Journal of Japanese Philosophy 5:43-65.
    The following article aims to answer the question: “How do we experience weather and qi?” Answering this question addresses two problems: Both the phenomena of weather and qi elude classic phenomenological paradigms such as thing-perception and Dasein, brought forth by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, respectively. If phenomenology is concerned with giving an account of experience starting with the “things themselves,” weather and qi necessitate a different phenomenological paradigm, which comprehensively accounts for the experience of both. This article demonstrates that (...)
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  44.  17
    Truth-Telling and Respect for Autonomy.Maximilian Kiener - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (3):193-194.
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  45.  93
    Four Models of Basic Emotions: A Review of Ekman and Cordaro, Izard, Levenson, and Panksepp and Watt. [REVIEW]Jessica L. Tracy & Daniel Randles - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):397-405.
    In this special section, Ekman and Cordaro (2011); Izard (2011); Levenson (2011); and Panksepp and Watt (2011) have each outlined the latest instantiation of each lead author’s theoretical model of basic emotions. We identify four themes emerging from these models, and discuss areas of agreement and disagreement. We then briefly evaluate the models’ usefulness by examining how they would account for an emotion that has received considerable empirical attention but does not fit clearly within or outside of the basic (...)
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  46.  4
    In Search of Wealth and Power: Yen Fu and the West.Joseph R. Levenson & Benjamin Schwartz - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (3):437.
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  47.  9
    CEO Hubris and Firm Pollution: A Tricky Relationship.Maximilian H. Theissen & Hubertus H. Theissen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):411-416.
    This article comments on the recent study “CEO hubris and firm pollution: state and market contingencies in a transitional economy” of Zhang et al. :459–478, 2020) in this journal. We very much appreciate the valuable initiative of Zhang et al. to study the potential effect of CEO characteristics on corporate pollution. At the same time, we are concerned with the authors’ interpretation of the regression results and their operationalization of CEO hubris. We hope to contribute to the literature on managerial (...)
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  48.  2
    Consent and Living Organ Donation.Maximilian Kiener - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):50-50.
    This paper focuses on voluntary consent in the context of living organ donation. Arguing against three dominant views, I claim that voluntariness must not be equated with willingness, that voluntariness does not require the exercise of relational moral agency, and that, in cases of third-party pressure, voluntariness critically depends on the role of the surgeon and the medical team, and not just on the pressure from other people. I therefore argue that an adequate account of voluntary consent cannot understand voluntariness (...)
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  49.  63
    Refutation of Searle's Argument for the Existence of Universals.Maximilian Huber - 2009 - Swiss Philosophical Preprints.
    Searle proposes an argument in order to prove the existence of universals and thereby solve the problem of universals: From every meaningful general term P(x) follows a tautology Vx[P(x) v -P(x)], which entails the existence of the corresponding universal P. To be convincing, this argument for existence must be valid, it must presume true premises and it must be free of any informal fallacy. First, the validity of the argument for existence in its non-modal interpretation will be proven with the (...)
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  50.  9
    Wealth Effects of Rare Earth Prices and China’s Rare Earth Elements Policy.Maximilian A. Müller, Denis Schweizer & Volker Seiler - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (4):627-648.
    Rare earth elements have become increasingly important because of their relative scarcity and worldwide increasing demand, as well as China’s quasi-monopoly of this market. REEs are virtually not substitutable, and they are essential for a variety of high-tech products and modern key technologies. This has raised serious concerns that China will misuse its dominant position to set export quotas in order to maximize its own profits at the expense of other rare earth user industries. In fact, export restrictions on REEs (...)
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