Results for 'Maxwell J. Cresswell'

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  1. De Re Belief Generalized.Maxwell J. Cresswell & Arnim Stechow - 1982 - Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (4):503 - 535.
  2. From Modal Discourse to Possible Worlds.Maxwell J. Cresswell - 2006 - Studia Logica 82 (3):307-327.
    The possible-worlds semantics for modality says that a sentence is possibly true if it is true in some possible world. Given classical prepositional logic, one can easily prove that every consistent set of propositions can be embedded in a ‘maximal consistent set’, which in a sense represents a possible world. However the construction depends on the fact that standard modal logics are finitary, and it seems false that an infinite collection of sets of sentences each finite subset of which is (...)
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  3.  7
    Cultural Affordances: Scaffolding Local Worlds Through Shared Intentionality and Regimes of Attention.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Samuel P. L. Veissière & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  4.  33
    Multiscale Integration: Beyond Internalism and Externalism.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Michael D. Kirchhoff, Axel Constant & Karl J. Friston - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 1):41-70.
    We present a multiscale integrationist interpretation of the boundaries of cognitive systems, using the Markov blanket formalism of the variational free energy principle. This interpretation is intended as a corrective for the philosophical debate over internalist and externalist interpretations of cognitive boundaries; we stake out a compromise position. We first survey key principles of new radical views of cognition. We then describe an internalist interpretation premised on the Markov blanket formalism. Having reviewed these accounts, we develop our positive multiscale account. (...)
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  5.  69
    Naturalizing What? Varieties of Naturalism and Transcendental Phenomenology.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):929-971.
    This paper aims to address the relevance of the natural sciences for transcendental phenomenology, that is, the issue of naturalism. The first section distinguishes three varieties of naturalism and corresponding forms of naturalization: an ontological one, a methodological one, and an epistemological one. In light of these distinctions, in the second section, I examine the main projects aiming to “naturalize phenomenology”: neurophenomenology, front-loaded phenomenology, and formalized approaches to phenomenology. The third section then considers the commitments of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology with (...)
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  6.  21
    Ebola and Learning Lessons From Moral Failures: Who Cares About Ethics?Maxwell J. Smith & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (3):305-318.
    The exercise of identifying lessons in the aftermath of a major public health emergency is of immense importance for the improvement of global public health emergency preparedness and response. Despite the persistence of the Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa, it seems that the Ebola ‘lessons learned’ exercise is now in full swing. On our assessment, a significant shortcoming plagues recent articulations of lessons learned, particularly among those emerging from organizational reflections. In this article we argue that, despite not (...)
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  7.  32
    Strategies in Relational Inference.Maxwell J. Roberts - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):1 – 26.
    Three experiments are reported in which the relationships between task format, item type, and strategy usage were investigated for a two-dimensional relational inference task. Contrary to past findings with linear syllogisms, it was found that parallel presentation (presenting problem statements simultaneously) did not result in any increased use of deduction rule processes compared with serial presentation (presenting problem statements individually). Instead, the results suggested that mental models were used by the majority of subjects, and that multiple models were more likely (...)
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  8.  25
    Health Equity in Public Health: Clarifying Our Commitment.Maxwell J. Smith - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (2):173-184.
    Health equity is increasingly identified as a principal goal to be achieved through public health policies and activities. However, what is to be measured in the assessment of health equity and how inequities in health ought to be redressed are among the pressing questions that must be answered if health equity is to serve as a meaningful and consistent ethical guide for measurement and intervention in public health. In this article I argue that the concept of health equity, in the (...)
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  9.  27
    Regimes of Expectations: An Active Inference Model of Social Conformity and Human Decision Making.Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Samuel P. L. Veissière & Karl Friston - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  10.  28
    Quantifier Interpretation and Syllogistic Reasoning.Maxwell J. Roberts, Stephen E. Newstead & Richard A. Griggs - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):173 – 204.
    Many researchers have suggested that premise interpretation errors can account, at least in part, for errors on categorical syllogisms. However, although it is possible to show that people make such errors in simple inference tasks, the evidence for them is far less clear when actual syllogisms are administered. Part of the problem is due to the lack of clear predictions for the solutions that would be expected when using modified quantifiers, assuming that correct inferences are made from them. This paper (...)
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  11.  38
    On Physical Lines of Force.J. C. Maxwell - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (sup1):11-23.
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  12.  8
    Ebola and Learning Lessons From Moral Failures: Who Cares About Ethics?: Table 1.Maxwell J. Smith & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2015 - Public Health Ethics:phv028.
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  13.  82
    Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):36-43.
    Despite continuing controversies regarding the vital status of both brain-dead donors and individuals who undergo donation after circulatory death (DCD), respecting the dead donor rule (DDR) remains the standard moral framework for organ procurement. The DDR increases organ supply without jeopardizing trust in transplantation systems, reassuring society that donors will not experience harm during organ procurement. While the assumption that individuals cannot be harmed once they are dead is reasonable in the case of brain-dead protocols, we argue that the DDR (...)
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  14.  20
    Ethics for Pandemics Beyond Influenza: Ebola, Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, and Anticipating Future Ethical Challenges in Pandemic Preparedness and Response.Maxwell J. Smith & Diego S. Silva - 2015 - Monash Bioethics Review 33 (2-3):130-147.
    The unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa has raised several novel ethical issues for global outbreak preparedness. It has also illustrated that familiar ethical issues in infectious disease management endure despite considerable efforts to understand and mitigate such issues in the wake of past outbreaks. To improve future global outbreak preparedness and response, we must examine these shortcomings and reflect upon the current state of ethical preparedness. To this end, we focus our efforts in this article on (...)
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  15.  13
    M. J. Cresswell. The Logic of Interrogatives. Formal Systems and Recursive Functions, Proceedings of the Eighth Logic Colloquium, Oxford, July 1963, Edited by J. N. Crossley and M. A. E. Dummett, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1965, Pp. 8--11. [REVIEW]Gerold Stahl - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):668.
  16.  22
    Ethics and Politics in Mandeville.J. C. Maxwell - 1951 - Philosophy 26 (98):242 - 252.
    Ever since they were first published, the works of Bernard Mandeville have met with a few careful readers as well as with a larger number of stupid or unscrupulous assailants. Both classes are faithfully recorded at the end of F. B. Kaye's splendid edition of The Fable of the Bees , which has helped to revive interest in Mandeville, and which has moulded the current estimate of his ideas: the treatment of Mandeville in such a work as Basil Willey's Eighteenth (...)
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  17.  21
    Avoiding Violation of the Dead Donor Rule: The Costs to Patients.Maxwell J. Smith, David Rodríguez-Arias & Ivan Ortega - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 15-17, June 2012.
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  18.  4
    Allocating Scarce Unproven Interventions During Public Health Emergencies: Insights From the Who Meuri Framework.Ignacio Mastroleo & Maxwell J. Smith - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):41-44.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 41-44.
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  19.  24
    Context, Visual Salience, and Inductive Reasoning.Maxwell J. Roberts, Heather Welfare, Doreen P. Livermore & Alice M. Theadom - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):349 – 374.
    An important debate in the reasoning literature concerns the extent to which inference processes are domain-free or domain-specific. Typically, evidence in support of the domain-specific position comprises the facilitation observed when abstract reasoning tasks are set in realistic context. Three experiments are reported here in which the sources of facilitation were investigated for contextualised versions of Raven's Progressive Matrices (Richardson, 1991) and non-verbal analogies from the AH4 test (Richardson & Webster, 1996). Experiment 1 confirmed that the facilitation observed for the (...)
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  20.  38
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-549.
    The protection of human subjects in biomedical research relies on two principal mechanisms: assessing and comparing the risks and potential benefits of proposed research, and obtaining potential subjects' informed consent. While these have been discussed extensively in the literature, no attention has been paid to whether the processes should be different when the objective of an experimental biomedical intervention is to improve individual appearance, performance, or capability rather than to prevent, cure, or mitigate disease . This essay examines this question (...)
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  21.  10
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-559.
    There are two critical steps in determining whether a medical experiment involving human subjects can be conducted in an ethical manner: assessing risks and potential benefits and obtaining potential subjects’ informed consent. Although an extensive literature on both of these aspects exists, virtually nothing has been written about human experimentation for which the objective is not to prevent, cure, or mitigate a disease or condition, but to enhance human capabilities. One exception is a 2004 article by Rebecca Dresser on preimplantation (...)
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  22.  18
    M. J. Cresswell, Language in the World. A Philosophical Enquiry.Manfred Kupffer - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (3):411-414.
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  23.  28
    The Role of Working Memory in Motor Learning and Performance.J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters & F. F. Eves - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):376-402.
    Three experiments explore the role of working memory in motor skill acquisition and performance. Traditional theories postulate that skill acquisition proceeds through stages of knowing, which are initially declarative but later procedural. The reported experiments challenge that view and support an independent, parallel processing model, which predicts that procedural and declarative knowledge can be acquired separately and that the former does not depend on the availability of working memory, whereas, the latter does. The behaviour of these two processes was manipulated (...)
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  24.  4
    M. J. Cresswell. Logics and Languages. Methuen & Co Ltd, London1973, Xi + 273 Pp. [REVIEW]Daniel Gallin - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (3):425-426.
  25.  17
    Much Ado About Omics: Welcome to ‘the Permutome’.Spencer G. Livingstone, Maxwell J. Smith, Diego S. Silva & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1018-1021.
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  26.  44
    Ethical and Legal Issues in Enhancement Research on Human Subjects.Maxwell J. Mehlman, Jessica W. Berg, Eric T. Juengst & Eric Kodish - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):30--45.
    The United States, along with other nations and international organizations, has developed an elaborate system of ethical norms and legal rules to govern biomedical research using human subjects. These policies govern research that might provide direct health benefits to participants and research in which there is no prospect for participant health benefits. There has been little discussion, however, about how well these rules would apply to research designed to improve participants’ capabilities or characteristics beyond the goal of good health. When (...)
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  27.  23
    Medical Practice Guidelines as Malpractice Safe Harbors: Illusion or Deceit?Maxwell J. Mehlman - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):286-300.
    American medicine has long sought to control the standard of care that physicians are expected to provide to their patients. One effort to insulate the standard of care from external interference, called a “safe harbors” approach, would enable physicians to avoid liability for malpractice if they adhered to medical practice guidelines. The idea is to eliminate the “battle of experts” and reduce defensive medicine by requiring judges and juries to accept guidelines as conclusive evidence of the standard of care. Yet (...)
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  28.  74
    Benefits of an External Focus of Attention: Common Coding or Conscious Processing?J. M. Poolton, J. P. Maxwell, R. S. W. Masters & M. Raab - 2006 - Journal of Sports Sciences 24 (1):89-99.
  29.  7
    Medical Practice Guidelines as Malpractice Safe Harbors: Illusion or Deceit?Maxwell J. Mehlman - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):286-300.
    The idea that physicians should accept recommendations from learned colleagues on how to practice medicine is probably as old as medicine itself, but beginning around 1990, it took on new urgency in the face of rising health care costs, widespread, unjustifiable variation in practice patterns, concerns about medical errors and quality of care, and what some perceived to be perverse effects of the malpractice system. One solution put forward was practice guidelines, which the Institute of Medicine defined as systematically developed (...)
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  30.  13
    Assuring the Quality of Medical Care: The Impact of Outcome Measurement and Practice Standards.Maxwell J. Mehlman - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):368-384.
  31.  8
    Assuring the Quality of Medical Care: The Impact of Outcome Measurement and Practice Standards.Maxwell J. Mehlman - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):368-384.
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  32.  3
    Systems Thinking and Ethics in Public Health: A Necessary and Mutually Beneficial Partnership.Cameron D. Norman, Maxwell J. Smith & Diego S. Silva - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):54-67.
    Systems thinking has emerged as a means of conceptualizing and addressing complex public health problems, thereby challenging more commonplace understanding of problems and corresponding solutions as straightforward explanations of cause and effect. Systems thinking tries to address the complexity of problems through qualitative and quantitative modeling based on a variety of systems theories, each with their own assumptions and, more importantly, implicit and unexamined values. To date, however, there has been little engagement between systems scientists and those working in bioethics (...)
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  33.  33
    Asymmetries in Face and Brain Related to Emotion.R. Davidson, A. ShAckman & J. Maxwell - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):389-391.
  34.  66
    Genetic Enhancement: Plan Now to Act Later.Maxwell J. Mehlman - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):77-82.
    : All three main articles in the issues of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal endorse the view that genetic enhancement should be permitted, including human germ-line genetic enhancement. However, unregulated, wealth-based access to genetic enhancement in general, and germ-line enhancement in particular, would create intolerable risks for society. Although there are a number of practical problems raised by proposals to regulate or restrict access to genetic enhancement, which will make it difficult if not impossible to muster support for any (...)
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  35.  18
    M. J. Cresswell. The Completeness of S0.5. Logique Et Analyse, N.S. Vol. 9 , Pp. 263–266. - Richard Routley. The Decidability and Semantical Incompleteness of Lemmon's System S0.5. Logique Et Analyse, Vol. 11 , Pp. 413–421. - M. J. Cresswell. Note on the Interpretation of SO.5. Logique Et Analyse, Vol. 13 , Pp. 376–378. - M. K. Rennie. Remark on Cresswell on S0.5. Logique Et Analyse, Vol. 14 , Pp. 757–758. [REVIEW]G. F. Schumm - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):328-329.
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  36.  3
    M. J. Cresswell. Note on a System of Åqvist.The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 32 , Pp. 58–60. - M. K. Rennie. S3 = S3.5.The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 33 , Pp. 444–445. [REVIEW]Krister Segerberg - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):137-137.
  37.  45
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule”.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):W4-W6.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page W4-W6, August 2011.
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  38.  14
    M. J. Cresswell. Another Basis for S4. Logique Et Analyse, N.S. Vol. 8 , Pp. 191–195.Donald Paul Snyder - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (4):581.
  39.  18
    M. J. Cresswell. The Logic of Interrogatives. Formal Systems and Recursive Functions, Proceedings of the Eighth Logic Colloquium, Oxford, July 1963, Edited by J. N. Crossley and M. A. E. Dummett, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam1965, Pp. 8–11. [REVIEW]Gerold Stahl - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):668-668.
  40.  11
    M. J. Cresswell. On the Logic of Incomplete Answers. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 30 , Pp. 65–68. [REVIEW]Gerold Stahl - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (3):498.
  41.  49
    Thinking Through Other Minds: A Variational Approach to Cognition and Culture.Samuel P. L. Veissière, Axel Constant, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Karl J. Friston & Laurence J. Kirmayer - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43:1-97.
    The processes underwriting the acquisition of culture remain unclear. How are shared habits, norms, and expectations learned and maintained with precision and reliability across large-scale sociocultural ensembles? Is there a unifying account of the mechanisms involved in the acquisition of culture? Notions such as “shared expectations,” the “selective patterning of attention and behaviour,” “cultural evolution,” “cultural inheritance,” and “implicit learning” are the main candidates to underpin a unifying account of cognition and the acquisition of culture; however, their interactions require greater (...)
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  42.  38
    Stable Implicit Motor Processes Despite Aerobic Locomotor Fatigue.R. S. W. Masters, J. M. Poolton & J. P. Maxwell - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):335-338.
    Implicit processes almost certainly preceded explicit processes in our evolutionary history, so they are likely to be more resistant to disruption according to the principles of evolutionary biology [Reber, A. S. . The cognitive unconscious: An evolutionary perspective. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 93–133.]. Previous work . Knowledge, nerves and know-how: The role of explicit versus implicit knowledge in the breakdown of a complex motor skill under pressure. British Journal of Psychology, 83, 343–358.]) has shown that implicitly learned motor skills remain (...)
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  43.  22
    Context, Visual Salience, and Inductive Reasoning.Maxwell J. Roberts, Heather Welfare, Doreen P. Livermore Iv & Alice M. Theadom - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):349-374.
  44.  25
    The Patient-Physician Relationship and the Allocation of Scarce Resources: A Law and Economics Approach.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Susan R. Massey - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (4):291-308.
    Patients with insufficient financial resources place physicians in a conflict of interest between the patients' needs and the financial interests of the physician, other patients, and society. Not only must physicians act ethically, but they must avoid liability for violating their legal duties to their patients. The traditional rules of contract and malpractice law that govern the patient-physician relationship do not provide satisfactory guidelines. Better answers are found in the rules of fiduciary law, but only with regard to direct conflicts (...)
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  45.  5
    The Not-so-Tell-Tale Heart.D. R. Vailhen & Maxwell J. Smith - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):7.
  46. MAXWELL, J. - Le crime et la société. [REVIEW]M. Carrara - 1912 - Scientia 6 (12):112.
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  47. Maxwell, J. - Le Crime Et La Société. [REVIEW]M. Carrara - 1912 - Scientia, Rivista di Scienza 6 (12):112.
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  48. MAXWELL, J. CLARK-Matter and Motion: Reprinted with Notes by Sir J. Larmor. [REVIEW]C. D. B. C. D. B. - 1921 - Mind 30:372.
     
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  49.  6
    Conceptualizing the “Self” in Neuroethics: An Appeal to Philosophy of Mind.Maxwell J. Smith - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (3):16-17.
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  50.  10
    Learning Lessons from COVID-19 Requires Recognizing Moral Failures.Maxwell J. Smith & Ross E. G. Upshur - 2020 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4):563-566.
    The most powerful lesson learned from the 2013-2016 outbreak of Ebola in West Africa was that we do not learn our lessons. A common sentiment at the time was that Ebola served as a “wake-up call”—an alarm which signalled that an outbreak of that magnitude should never have occurred and that we are ill-prepared globally to prevent and respond to them when they do. Pledges were made that we must learn from the outbreak before we were faced with another. Nearly (...)
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