Results for 'Mayris Webber'

199 found
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  1.  37
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project: Preliminary Notes From a Pilot Project to Establish Quality Measures for Ethics Consultation.M. Swiderski Deborah, M. Ettinger Katharine, Nancy Mayris Webber & N. Dubler - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):65-72.
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the “QI tool”, to their consultation notes. This paper describes, from a qualitative perspective, how participants grappled with applying standards to their work. Although the process was marked by resistance and disagreement, it (...)
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  2.  38
    Charting the Future.Nancy Neveloff Dubler, Mayris P. Webber & Deborah M. Swiderski - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (6):23-33.
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  3.  22
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project: Preliminary Notes From a Pilot Project to Establish Quality Measures for Ethics Consultation. [REVIEW]Deborah M. Swiderski, Katharine M. Ettinger, Mayris Webber & Nancy N. Dubler - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):65-72.
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the QI tool , to their consultation notes. This paper describes, from a qualitative perspective, how participants grappled with applying standards to their work. Although the process was marked by resistance and disagreement, (...)
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  4. The Existentialism of Jean-Paul Sartre.Jonathan Webber - 2008 - Routledge.
    Webber argues for a new interpretation of Sartrean existentialism. On this reading, Sartre is arguing that each person’s character consists in the projects they choose to pursue and that we are all already aware of this but prefer not to face it. Careful consideration of his existentialist writings shows this to be the unifying theme of his theories of consciousness, freedom, the self, bad faith, personal relationships, existential psychoanalysis, and the possibility of authenticity. Developing this account affords many insights (...)
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  5. Liar!Jonathan Webber - 2013 - Analysis 73 (4):651-659.
    We have good reason to condemn lying more strongly than misleading and to condemn bullshit assertion less harshly than lying but more harshly than misleading. We each have good reason to mislead rather than make bullshit assertions, but to make bullshit assertions rather than lie. This is because these forms of deception damage credibility in different ways. We can trust the misleader to assert only what they believe to be true. We can trust the bullshitter not to assert what they (...)
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  6. Virtue, Character and Situation.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):193-213.
    Philosophers have recently argued that traditional discussions of virtue and character presuppose an account of behaviour that experimental psychology has shown to be false. Behaviour does not issue from global traits such as prudence, temperance, courage or fairness, they claim, but from local traits such as sailing-in-rough-weather-with-friends-courage and office-party-temperance. The data employed provides evidence for this view only if we understand it in the light of a behaviourist construal of traits in terms of stimulus and response, rather than in the (...)
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  7.  13
    Meier The Political Art of Greek Tragedy. Tr. A. Webber. Oxford: Polity P, 1993. Pp. Vii + 238. £39.50.P. J. Wilson, C. Meier & A. Webber - 1995 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 115:187-188.
  8. Intentional Side-Effects of Action.Jonathan Webber & Robin Scaife - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):179-203.
    Recent empirical research into the folk classification of the outcomes of actions as intentional is usually taken to show that such classification has an irreducibly normative dimension. Various interpretations of the experimental data have in common the claim that whether the side-effect of an action counts as intentional depends on some normative valence of that side-effect.1 This is the way that Joshua Knobe, for example, whose experimental research started this debate, understands the data. Some critics of this view claim the (...)
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  9. Character, Attitude and Disposition.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    Recent debate over the empirical psychological presuppositions of virtue ethics has focused on reactive behavioural dispositions. But there are many character traits that cannot be understood properly in this way. Such traits are well described by attitude psychology. Moreover, the findings of attitude psychology support virtue ethics in three ways. First, they confirm the role of habituation in the development of character. Further, they show virtue ethics to be compatible with the situation manipulation experiments at the heart of the recent (...)
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  10.  45
    Rethinking Existentialism.Jonathan Webber - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Jonathan Webber articulates an original interpretation of existentialism as the ethical theory that human freedom is the foundation of all other values. Offering an original analysis of classic literary and philosophical works published by Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Frantz Fanon up until 1952, Webber's conception of existentialism is developed in critical contrast with central works by Albert Camus, Sigmund Freud, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. -/- Presenting his arguments in an accessible and engaging style, Webber contends that (...)
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  11. Anaphora and Discourse Structure.Bonnie Webber - manuscript
    We argue in this article that many common adverbial phrases generally taken to signal a discourse relation between syntactically connected units within discourse structure instead work anaphor- ically to contribute relational meaning, with only indirect dependence on discourse structure. This allows a simpler discourse structure to provide scaffolding for compositional semantics and reveals multiple ways in which the relational meaning conveyed by adverbial connectives can interact with that associated with discourse structure. We conclude by sketching out a lexicalized grammar for (...)
     
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  12. Character, Common-Sense, and Expertise.Jonathan Webber - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (1):89-104.
    Gilbert Harman has argued that the common-sense characterological psychology employed in virtue ethics is rooted not in unbiased observation of close acquaintances, but rather in the ‘fundamental attribution error’. If this is right, then philosophers cannot rely on their intuitions for insight into characterological psychology, and it might even be that there is no such thing as character. This supports the idea, urged by John Doris and Stephen Stich, that we should rely exclusively on experimental psychology for our explanations of (...)
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  13.  86
    Character, Consistency, and Classification.Jonathan Webber - unknown
    John Doris has recently argued that since we do not possess character traits as traditionally conceived, virtue ethics is rooted in a false empirical presupposition. Gopal Sreenivasan has claimed, in a paper in Mind, that Doris has not provided suitable evidence for his empirical claim. But the experiment Sreenivasan focuses on is not one that Doris employs, and neither is it relevantly similar in structure. The confusion arises because both authors use the phrase ‘cross-situational consistency’ to describe the aspect of (...)
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  14.  64
    Sartre’s Critique of Husserl.Jonathan Webber - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (1):155-176.
    This paper articulates a new understanding of Sartre’s philosophical methodology in his early publications up to and including Being and Nothingness. Through his critique of Husserl across these works, Sartre develops an original and sophisticated variety of transcendental phenomenology. He was attracted to Husserl’s philosophy for its promise to establish the foundations of empirical psychology but ultimately concluded that it could not fulfil this promise. Through the analyses that led him to this conclusion, Sartre formulated a new kind of phenomenological (...)
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  15. Character, Global and Local.Jonathan Webber - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (4):430-434.
    Philosophers have recently argued that we should revise our understanding of character. An individual's behaviour is governed not by a set of ‘global’ traits, each elicited by a certain kind of situational feature, they argue, but by a much larger array of ‘local’ traits, each elicited by a certain combination of situational features. But the data cited by these philosophers support their theory only if we conceive of traits purely in terms of stimulus and response, rather than in the more (...)
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  16. Instilling Virtue.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. Oxford University Press. pp. 134-154.
    Two debates in contemporary philosophical moral psychology have so far been conducted almost entirely in isolation from one another despite their structural similarity. One is the debate over the importance for virtue ethics of the results of situational manipulation experiments in social psychology. The other is the debate over the ethical implications of experiments that reveal gender and race biases in social cognition. In both cases, the ethical problem posed cannot be identified without first clarifying the cognitive structures underlying the (...)
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  17. Bad Faith and the Other.Jonathan Webber - 2011 - In Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 180-194.
    One of the characteristic features of Sartre’s philosophical writing, especially in Being and Nothingness, is his use of extended narrative vignettes that immediately resound with the reader’s own experience yet are intended to illustrate, perhaps also to support, complex and controversial claims about the structures of conscious experience and the shape of the human condition. Among the best known are his description of Parisian café waiters, who somehow contrive to caricature themselves, and his analysis of feeling shame upon being caught (...)
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  18.  94
    Habituation and First-Person Authority.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Roman Altshuler & Michael Sigrist (eds.), Time and the Philosophy of Action. Routledge.
    Richard Moran’s theory of first-person authority as the agential authority to make up one’s own mind rests on a form of mind-body dualism that does not allow for habituation as part of normal psychological functioning. We have good intuitive and empirical reason to accept that habituation is central to the normal functioning of desire. There is some empirical support for the idea that habituation plays a parallel role in belief. In particular, at least one form of implicit bias seems better (...)
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  19.  9
    Asking Why in the Study of Human Affairs.G. Webber - 2015 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 60 (1):51-78.
  20.  22
    Textual Economy Through Close Coupling of Syntax and Semantics.Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber - unknown
    We focus on the production of efficient descriptions of objects, actions and events. We define a type of efficiency, textual economy, that exploits the hearer’s recognition of inferential links to material elsewhere within a sentence. Textual economy leads to efficient descriptions because the material that supports such inferences has been included to satisfy independent communicative goals, and is therefore overloaded in the sense of Pollack [18]. We argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning used (...)
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  21.  94
    Sartre's Theory of Character.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):94-116.
    Various influential ethical theories propose that we should strive to develop morally sound character traits, either because good actions are those that issue from good character traits, or because good traits are those that generally incline us toward actions that are good for some independent reason such as the intentions with which they are performed or the consequences of performing them. This proposal obviously raises questions about the nature and origins of character traits, and our degree of control over them. (...)
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  22.  5
    Casual Hookups to Formal Dates: Refining the Boundaries of the Sexual Double Standard.Gretchen R. Webber, Sinikka Elliott & Julie A. Reid - 2011 - Gender and Society 25 (5):545-568.
    “Hooking up,” a popular type of sexual behavior among college students, has become a pathway to dating relationships. Based on open-ended narratives written by 273 undergraduates, we analyze how students interpreted a vignette describing a heterosexual hookup followed by a sexless first date. In contrast to the sexual script which holds that women want relationships more than sex and men care about sex more than relationships, students generally accorded women sexual agency and desire in the hookup and validated men’s post-hookup (...)
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  23.  2
    Introduction.Jeffery R. Webber - 2019 - Historical Materialism 27 (3):77-82.
    This introduction situates the work of Zavaleta in the field of Bolivian intellectual history, Latin American Studies, and Latin American Marxism. It also explains the objectives of the symposium and the logic underlying its constituent parts.
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  24.  26
    The Indigenous Community as “Living Organism”: José Carlos Mariátegui, Romantic Marxism, and Extractive Capitalism in the Andes.Jeffery R. Webber - 2015 - Theory and Society 44 (6):575-598.
  25. Sex.Jonathan Webber - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (2):233-250.
    The sexual domain is unified only by the phenomenal quality of the occurrence of the desires, activities, and pleasures it includes. There is no conceptual restriction on the range of intentional objects those desires, activities, and pleasures can take. Neither is there good conceptual reason to privilege any class of them as paradigmatic. Since the quality unifying the sexual is not morally significant, the morality of sexuality is no different from morality in general. The view that participant consent is morally (...)
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  26.  68
    Knowing One's Own Desires.Jonathan Webber - 2016 - In Daniel Dahlstrom, Andreas Elpidorou & Walter Hopp (eds.), Philosophy of Mind and Phenomenology: Conceptual and Empirical Approaches. Routledge. pp. 165-179.
    Do you know your own desires in some way that other people cannot know them? Richard Moran claims that his influential theory of first-person authority over beliefs and intentions can also cover desires. However, his deliberative model can apply to desire only if one already has some other way of knowing one’s own desires. Jean-Paul Sartre’s conception of pure reflection, on the other hand, portrays a direct epistemic access to one’s own desires that can ground fundamental first-person authority over desires (...)
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  27.  14
    D‐LTAG: Extending Lexicalized TAG to Discourse.Bonnie Webber - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (5):751-779.
  28. Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism.Jonathan Webber (ed.) - 2010 - Routledge.
    Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. The fourteen original essays in this volume focus on the phenomenological and existentialist writings of the first major phase of his published career, arguing with scholarly precision for their continuing importance to philosophical debate. Aspects of Sartre’s philosophy under discussion in this volume include: consciousness and self-consciousness imagination and aesthetic experience emotions and other feelings embodiment selfhood and the Other freedom, bad faith, and authenticity literary fiction as (...)
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  29.  33
    Rebellion to Reform in Bolivia. Part III: Neoliberal Continuities, the Autonomist Right, and the Political Economy of Indigenous Struggle.Jeffery Webber - 2008 - Historical Materialism 16 (4):67-109.
  30. Doing Without Representation: Coping with Dreyfus.Jonathan Webber - 2002 - Philosophical Explorations 5 (1):82-88.
    Hubert Dreyfus argues that the traditional and currently dominant conception of an action, as an event initiated or governed by a mental representation of a possible state of affairs that the agent is trying to realise, is inadequate. If Dreyfus is right, then we need a new conception of action. I argue, however, that the considerations that Dreyfus adduces show only that an action need not be initiated or governed by a conceptual representation, but since a representation need not be (...)
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  31. Authenticity.Jonathan Webber - 2013 - In Steven Churchill & Jack Reynolds (eds.), Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing.
    I argue that Sartre's account of the nature and value of authenticity survives Larmore's recent criticism and is preferable to Larmore's alternative account.
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  32.  8
    On the Derivation of Cosmic Ray Specific Yield Functions.W. R. Webber & J. J. Quenby - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (41):654-664.
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  33.  17
    Dual Powers, Class Compositions, and the Venezuelan People.Jeffery R. Webber - 2015 - Historical Materialism 23 (2):189-227.
    George Ciccariello-Maher’sWe Created Chávezis the most important book available in English proposing an anti-capitalist framework for understanding the Bolivarian process in contemporary Venezuela, as well as its historical backdrop dating back to 1958. The book contains within it a laudable critique of Eurocentrism and a masterful combination of oral history, ethnography, and theoretical sophistication. It reveals with unusual clarity and insight the multiplicity of popular movements that allowed for Hugo Chávez’s eventual ascension to presidential office in the late 1990s.We Created (...)
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  34.  31
    Rebellion to Reform in Bolivia. Part II: Revolutionary Epoch, Combined Liberation and the December 2005 Elections.Jeffery Webber - 2008 - Historical Materialism 16 (3):55-76.
  35. Motivated Aversion: Non-Thetic Awareness in Bad Faith.Jonathan Webber - 2002 - Sartre Studies International 8 (1):45-57.
    Sartre's concept of ‘non-thetic awareness’ must be understood as equivalent to the concept of ‘nonconceptual content’ currently discussed in anglophone epistemology and philosophy of mind, since it could not otherwise play the role in the structure of ‘bad faith’, or self-deception, that Sartre ascribes to it. This understanding of the term makes sense of some otherwise puzzling features of Sartre's early philosophy, and has implications for understanding certain areas of his thought.
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  36. Climate Change and Public Moral Reasoning.Jonathan Webber - 2011 - In Thom Brooks (ed.), New Waves in Ethics. Palgrave.
  37.  7
    Motivated Aversion: Non-Thetic Awareness in Bad Faith.Jonathan Webber - 2002 - Sartre Studies International 8:45-57.
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  38.  24
    Cutting History, Cutting Culture: Female Circumcision in the United States.Sarah Webber & Toby Schonfeld - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):65-66.
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  39.  17
    Why Cant We Be Deweyan Citizens?Julie Webber - 2001 - Educational Theory 51 (2):171-189.
  40.  17
    Latin American Neostructuralism: The Contradictions of Post-Neoliberal Development, Fernando Ignacio Leiva, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.Jeffery R. Webber - 2010 - Historical Materialism 18 (3):208-229.
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  41.  35
    Rebellion to Reform in Bolivia. Part I: Domestic Class Structure, Latin-American Trends, and Capitalist Imperialism.Jeffery Webber - 2008 - Historical Materialism 16 (2):23-58.
  42.  37
    The Distribution and Use of Policy Knowledge in the Policy Process.David J. Webber - 1991 - Knowledge and Policy 4 (4):6-35.
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  43.  3
    Character, Common-Sense, and Expertise.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - Esercizi Filosofici 1 (1):15-32.
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  44. Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy E. Snow & Franco V. Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. Routledge. pp. 75-90.
    Automaticity is rapid and effortless cognition that operates without conscious awareness or deliberative control. An action is virtuous to the degree that it meets the requirements of the ethical virtues in the circumstances. What contribution does automaticity make to the ethical virtue of an action? How far is the automaticity discussed by virtue ethicists consonant with, or even supported by, the findings of empirical psychology? We argue that the automaticity of virtuous action is automaticity not of skill, but of motivation. (...)
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  45. Constancy, Fidelity, and Integrity.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2013 - In Stan van Hooft (ed.). Acumen Publishing. pp. 399-408.
  46.  23
    Cosmic Ray Cut‐Off Rigidities and the Earth's Magnetic Field.J. J. Quenby & W. R. Webber - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (37):90-113.
  47.  4
    Automaticity in Virtuous Action.Clea F. Rees & Jonathan Webber - 2014 - In Nancy Snow & Franco Trivigno (eds.), The Philosophy and Psychology of Character and Happiness. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 75-90.
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  48.  47
    From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character.Alberto Masala & Jonathan Webber (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Character plays a central role in our everyday understanding and evaluation of ourselves and one another. It informs the expectations that ground our plans and projects, our moral responses to other people's behaviour and to opportunities we ourselves face, and our political decisions concerning formal education, criminal punishment, and other aspects of social organisation. These philosophical essays clarify this idea of character, analyse its relation with the findings of experimental psychology, and draw out the implications of this for education and (...)
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  49. Elements of Discourse Understanding.Aravind K. Joshi, Bonnie L. Webber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.) - 1981 - Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  50.  6
    A Conservative Disposition and Constitutional Change.Graham Gee & Grégoire Webber - 2019 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 39 (3):526-552.
    What is a conservative disposition? And can it supply any insights into the UK’s changing constitution? We offer answers to these questions by identifying core elements of a conservative disposition and exploring how it offers contingent guidance to public lawyers striving to make sense of a changing constitution. Our goal is to show why a conservative disposition remains relevant to public lawyers, in large measure because, rather than despite, the constitution is changing. We examine the disposition’s relationship with change and (...)
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