Results for 'Measurement in soft systems'

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  1.  10
    Measurement in Soft Systems: Epistemological Framework and a Case Study.Luca Mari, Valentina Lazzarotti & Raffaella Manzini - 2009 - Measurement 42 (2):241-253.
    Measurement in soft systems generally cannot exploit physical sensors as data acquisition devices. The emphasis in this case is instead on how to choose the appropriate indicators and to combine their values so to obtain an overall result, interpreted as the value of a property, i.e., the measurand, for the system under analysis. This paper aims at discussing the epistemological conditions of the claim that such a process is a measurement, and performance evaluation is the case (...)
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  2.  31
    Measurement in Economic Systems.Marcel J. Boumans - unknown
    The metrology literature neglects a strong empirical measurement tradition in economics, which is different from the traditions as accounted for by the formalist representational theory of measurement. This empirical tradition comes closest to Mari's characterization of measurement in which he describes measurement results as informationally adequate to given goals. In economics, one has to deal with soft systems, which induces problems of invariance and of self-awareness. It will be shown that in the empirical economic (...)
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  3.  38
    Multi-Modal Thinking in Soft Systems Methodology's Rich Pictures.Birgitta Bergvall-Kåreborn & Anita Grahn - 1996 - World Futures 47 (1):79-92.
    (1996). Multi‐modal thinking in soft systems methodology's rich pictures. World Futures: Vol. 47, Unity and Diversity in Contemporary Systems Tinking: Systematic Pictures at an Exhibition, pp. 79-92.
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  4.  25
    On the Theory of Measurement in Quantum Mechanical Systems.I. I. I. Durand - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-133.
    This paper is concerned with the description of the process of measurement within the context of a quantum theory of the physical world. It is noted that quantum mechanics permits a quasi-classical description (classical in the limited sense implied by the correspondence principle of Bohr) of those macroscopic phenomena in terms of which the observer forms his perceptions. Thus, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics can be understood on the quasi-classical level by transcribing from the strictly classical (...)
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  5.  11
    On the Theory of Measurement in Quantum Mechanical Systems.Loyal Durand Iii - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-.
    This paper is concerned with the description of the process of measurement within the context of a quantum theory of the physical world. It is noted that quantum mechanics permits a quasi-classical description of those macroscopic phenomena in terms of which the observer forms his perceptions. Thus, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics can be understood on the quasi-classical level by transcribing from the strictly classical observables of Newtonian physics to their quasi-classical counterparts the known rules for (...)
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  6. On the Theory of Measurement in Quantum Mechanical Systems.Durand Loyal - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):115-133.
    This paper is concerned with the description of the process of measurement within the context of a quantum theory of the physical world. It is noted that quantum mechanics permits a quasi-classical description of those macroscopic phenomena in terms of which the observer forms his perceptions. Thus, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics can be understood on the quasi-classical level by transcribing from the strictly classical observables of Newtonian physics to their quasi-classical counterparts the known rules for (...)
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  7.  10
    Concerning Measurement of Gravitomagnetism in Electromagnetic Systems.B. J. Ahmedov & N. I. Rakhmatov - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (4):625-639.
    Measurement of gravitomagnetic field is of fundamental importance as a test of general relativity. Here we present a new theoretical project for performing such a measurement based on detection of the electric field arising from the interplay between the gravitomagnetic and magnetic fields in the stationary axial-symmetric gravitational field of a slowly rotating massive body. Finally it is shown that precise magnetometers based on superconducting quantum interferometers could not be designed for measurement of the gravitomagnetically induced magnetic (...)
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  8.  1
    Review of Soft Systems Methodology in Action. [REVIEW]Neil Richardson - forthcoming - Philosophy of Management.
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  9.  1
    Performance Measurement and the Informatisation of Services in Judiciary Systems. An Assessment From Europe to Italy.Cristina Dallara - 2012 - Polis 26 (1):101-130.
  10.  2
    Dynamics and Measurement of the Absolute Phase in Macroscopic Quantum Systems.Fernando Sols & Roger A. Hegstrom - 1995 - In M. Ferrero & A. van der Merwe (eds.), Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics. pp. 73--299.
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  11.  2
    A Heuristic Model for Establishing Trade-Offs in Corporate Sustainability Performance Measurement Systems.Jonathan Pryshlakivsky & Cory Searcy - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
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  12.  30
    The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach. [REVIEW]Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the (...)
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  13.  8
    Institutional Impediments to Voluntary Ethics Measurement Systems.O. Scott Stovall, John D. Neill & Brad Reid - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2/3):169 - 175.
    In this paper, we argue that calls for widespread implementation of ethics measurement systems would be better informed by institutional economic analysis. Specifically, we assert that proponents of such systems must first recognize and understand the institutions that potentially impede such efforts. We identify two potential institutional impediments to measuring ethics and social responsibility. First, we suggest that neoclassical economics, supported by traditional business education and legal precedent, serves to reinforce the notion that shareholders are the primary (...)
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  14.  2
    Proof of a Conjecture on Contextuality in Cyclic Systems with Binary Variables.Janne V. Kujala & Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (3):282-299.
    We present a proof for a conjecture previously formulated by Dzhafarov et al.. The conjecture specifies a measure for the degree of contextuality and a criterion for contextuality in a broad class of quantum systems. This class includes Leggett–Garg, EPR/Bell, and Klyachko–Can–Binicioglu–Shumovsky type systems as special cases. In a system of this class certain physical properties \ are measured in pairs \ \); every property enters in precisely two such pairs; and each measurement outcome is a binary (...)
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  15. IT and the NHS: Investigating Different Perspectives of IT Using Soft Systems Methodology.Alan C. Gillies & Inderjit Patel - 2009 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
    The UK NHS National Programme for IT has been criticized for a lack of clinical engagement. This paper uses a soft systems methodology analysis of a case study from the use of electronic systems within a National Health Service Mental Health Trust in the United Kingdom to explore the legal and ethical implications of the failure to develop clinical systems which are fit for purpose.Soft systems methodology was used as a theoretical model both to (...)
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  16. A Conjecture Concerning Determinism, Reduction, and Measurement in Quantum Mechanics.Arthur Jabs - 2016 - arXiv:1204.0614.
    It is shown that it is possible to introduce determinism into quantum mechanics by tracing the probabilities in the Born rules back to pseudorandomness in the absolute phase constants of the wave functions. Each wave function is conceived to contain an individual phase factor exp(i alpha). In an ensemble of systems the phase constants alpha are taken to be pseudorandom numbers. A reduction process (collapse) of the wave function, independent of any measurement, is conceived to be a spatial (...)
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  17.  44
    Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Quantum Systems: Emergence or Reduction?N. P. Landsman - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):379-394.
    Beginning with Anderson , spontaneous symmetry breaking in infinite quantum systems is often put forward as an example of emergence in physics, since in theory no finite system should display it. Even the correspondence between theory and reality is at stake here, since numerous real materials show ssb in their ground states , although they are finite. Thus against what is sometimes called ‘Earman's Principle’, a genuine physical effect seems theoretically recovered only in some idealisation , disappearing as soon (...)
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  18.  20
    Fuzzy Measurement in the Mishnah and the Talmud.Ron A. Shapira - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):273-288.
    I discuss the attitude of Jewish law sources from the 2nd–:5th centuries to the imprecision of measurement. I review a problem that the Talmud refers to, somewhat obscurely, as impossible reduction. This problem arises when a legal rule specifies an object by referring to a maximized measurement function, e.g., when a rule applies to the largest part of a divided whole, or to the first incidence that occurs, etc. A problem that is often mentioned is whether there might (...)
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  19.  2
    Celestial Measurement in Babylonian Astronomy.J. M. Steele - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (3):293-325.
    Summary Late Babylonian astronomical texts contain frequent measurements of the positions of the Moon and planets. These measurements include distances of the Moon or a planet from a reference star and measurements of the position of celestial bodies within a sign of the zodiac. In this paper, I investigate the relationship between these two measurement systems and propose a new understanding of the concepts of celestial longitude and latitude in Babylonian astronomy. I argue that the Babylonians did not (...)
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  20.  37
    Decision Support Systems for Police: Lessons From the Application of Data Mining Techniques to “Soft” Forensic Evidence. [REVIEW]Giles Oatley, Brian Ewart & John Zeleznikow - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (1-2):35-100.
    The paper sets out the challenges facing the Police in respect of the detection and prevention of the volume crime of burglary. A discussion of data mining and decision support technologies that have the potential to address these issues is undertaken and illustrated with reference the authors’ work with three Police Services. The focus is upon the use of “soft” forensic evidence which refers to modus operandi and the temporal and geographical features of the crime, rather than “hard” evidence (...)
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  21.  11
    Knowledge-Based Systems in Context: A Methodological Approach to the Qualitative Issues. [REVIEW]Galal H. Galal & Janet T. McDonnell - 1997 - AI and Society 11 (1-2):104-121.
    Knowledge-Based Systems (KBS) are developed to contain substantial elements of human knowledge and expertise in a well-defined domain, and use these to support user or expert tasks. Issues related to the social and organisational contexts of these systems are widely acknowledged to be particularly critical to their success. However, methodology proposals usually stop short of adequately handling soft and unstructured data that frame the contexts of use. The handling of qualitative data needs to be done in a (...)
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  22.  96
    Concepts as Soft Detectors - On the Role Concepts Play in Perception.Paweł Grabarczyk - 2016 - New Ideas in Psychology 40:86-93.
    The idea that concepts play a significant role in some perceptions is widespread but everybody seems to differ as to where to draw the line. Some researchers say that the difference between direct and indirect, concept driven acts of perception manifests itself whenever we perceive abstract or general properties. Others point at second order properties or causal properties. I call this inability to precisely differentiate between acts of direct and indirect perception “The Division Problem”. Furthermore there is always a question (...)
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  23.  28
    Corporate Sustainability Performance Measurement Systems: A Review and Research Agenda. [REVIEW]Cory Searcy - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (3):239-253.
    Corporate sustainability performance measurement systems (SPMS) have been the subject of a growing amount of research. However, there are many challenges and opportunities associated with the design, implementation, use, and evolution of these systems that have yet to be addressed. The purpose of this article is to identify future directions for research in the design, implementation, use, and evolution of corporate SPMS. A concise review of key literature published between 2000 and 2010 is presented. The literature review (...)
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  24.  14
    Taking the “Soft Impacts” of Technology Into Account: Broadening the Discourse in Research Practice.Simone van der Burg - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (3):301-316.
    Public funding institutions are able to influence what aspects researchers take into account when they consider the future impacts of their research. On the basis of a description of the evaluation systems that public research funding institutes in the Netherlands (STW and SenterNovem) use to estimate the quality of engineering science, this article shows that researchers are now predominantly required to reflect on the intellectual merit of their research and on the usability and marketability of the technology it contributes (...)
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  25.  56
    Control & Intervention in Complex Adaptive Systems: From Biology to Biogen.Andy Clark - unknown
    Markets, companies and various forms of business organizations may all (we have argued) be usefully viewed through the lens of CAS -- the theory of complex adaptive systems. In this chapter, I address one fundamental issue that confronts both the theoretician and the business manager: the nature and opportunities for control and intervention in complex adaptive regimes. The problem is obvious enough. A complex adaptive system, as we have defined it, is soft assembled and largely self-organizing. This means (...)
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  26.  28
    Measurement Theory in the Lax-Phillips Formalism.S. Tasaki, E. Eisenberg & L. P. Horwitz - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (8):1179-1194.
    It is shown that the application of the Lax-Phillips scattering theory to quantum mechanics provides a natural framework for the realization of the ideas of the “Many-Hilbert-Space” theory of Machida and Namiki to describe the development of decoherence in the process of measurement. We show that if the quantum mechanical evolution is pointwise in time, then decoherence occurs only if the Hamiltonian is time-dependent. If the evolution is not pointwise in time (as in Liouville space), then the decoherence may (...)
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  27.  35
    The Infinite Apparatus in the Quantum Theory of Measurement.Don Robinson - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:251-261.
    It has been suggested that we ought to idealize the apparatus used to measure quantum systems as consisting of an infinite number of particles. Various authors have claimed that if we do so we do not need to take seriously the limitations on measurement incorporated into the Wigner-Araki-Yanase quantum theory of measurement. Bub and claims we can solve the measurement problem if we make this assumption. I argue against both claims on the basis of differences between (...)
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  28.  15
    Measurement and “Beables” in Quantum Mechanics.Jeffrey Bub - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (1):25-42.
    It is argued that the measurement problem reduces to the problem of modeling quasi-classical systems in a modified quantum mechanics with superselection rules. A measurement theorem is proved, demonstrating, on the basis of a principle for selecting the quantities of a system that are determinate (i.e., have values) in a given state, that after a suitable interaction between a systemS and a quasi-classical systemM, essentially only the quantity measured in the interaction and the indicator quantity ofM (...)
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  29.  31
    In Search of a Pragmatic Systems Method.Steven A. Cavaleri - 2011 - World Futures 67 (4-5):266 - 281.
    In this article, the author describes some of his own experiences of becoming an organizational systems theorist. The article also presents overviews of various systems theories that influenced the learning process from subject exploration to mastery. These include system dynamics, management systems, General Systems Theory, self-organizing systems, and autognomics. Additionally, discussions of system failures, philosophical pragmatism, and knowledge management all relate to their influence on systems theories. The article culminates with an examination of the (...)
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  30.  22
    Evolutionary Systems Design: A Soft Technology for Hard Challenges.Alexander Laszlo - 1999 - World Futures 54 (4):313-335.
    (1999). Evolutionary systems design: A soft technology for hard challenges. World Futures: Vol. 54, Challenges of Evolution at Pat I: The Human Factor in Evolution, pp. 313-335.
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  31.  11
    Consistent Histories of Systems and Measurements in Spacetime.Ed Seidewitz - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (7):1163-1192.
    Traditional interpretations of quantum theory in terms of wave function collapse are particularly unappealing when considering the universe as a whole, where there is no clean separation between classical observer and quantum system and where the description is inherently relativistic. As an alternative, the consistent histories approach provides an attractive “no collapse” interpretation of quantum physics. Consistent histories can also be linked to path-integral formulations that may be readily generalized to the relativistic case. A previous paper described how, in such (...)
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  32.  12
    What Are the Key Factors That Affect the Design of Corporate Responsibility Performance Measurement Systems?David Ferguson & Lance Moir - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:138-143.
    This paper presents findings from a literature review exploring the operationalisation issues for corporate responsibility performance and corporate responsibility performance measurement systems (CR-PMS). It concludes with a synthesis for the key comparative aspects of a CR-PMS and a traditional PMS in terms of the metric and systems perspective. In light of the sparse academic literature on the specific topic, this paper proposes a new categorical tool, the Ten Factor Framework for the design of CR-PMS, which has both (...)
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  33.  2
    Soft Constraints Mirror Hard Constraints: Voice and Person in English and Lummi.Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    The same categorical phenomena which are attributed to hard grammatical constraints in some languages continue to show up as statistical preferences in other languages, motivating a grammatical model that can account for soft constraints. The effects of a hierarchy of person (1st, 2nd 3rd) on grammar are categorical in some languages, most famously in languages withError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMap inverse systems, but also in languages with person restrictions on passivization. In Lummi, for example, (...)
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  34. Determinism and Locality in Quantum Systems.W. Michael Dickson - 1996 - Synthese 107 (1):55 - 82.
    Models of the EPR-Bohm experiment usually consider just two times, an initial time, and the time of measurement. Within such analyses, it has been argued that locality is equivalent to determinism, given the strict correlations of quantum mechanics. However, an analysis based on such models is only a preliminary to an analysis based on a complete dynamical model. The latter analysis is carried out, and it is shown that, given certain definitions of locality and determinism for completely dynamical models, (...)
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  35. Validity Measurement in Some Propositional Logics.Branislav Boričić - 1997 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 43 (4):550-558.
    The language of the propositional calculus is extended by two families of propositional probability operators, inductively applicable to the formulae, and the set of all formulae provable in an arbitrary superintuitionistic propositional logic is extended by the probability measure axioms concerning those probability operators. A logical system obtained in such a way, similar to a kind of polymodal logic, makes possible to express a probability measure of truthfulness of any formula. The paper contains a description of the Kripke-type possible worlds (...)
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  36.  1
    How Future Depends on Past and Rare Events in Systems of Life.Longo Giuseppe - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-32.
    The dependence on history of both present and future dynamics of life is a common intuition in biology and in humanities. Historicity will be understood in terms of changes of the space of possibilities as well as by the role of diversity in life’s structural stability and of rare events in history formation. We hint to a rigorous analysis of “path dependence” in terms of invariants and invariance preserving transformations, as it may be found also in physics, while departing from (...)
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  37.  15
    A General Representation for Internal Proportional Cornbinatorial Measurement Systems When the Operation Is Not Necessari!Y Closed.José A. Díez - 1999 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 14 (1):157-178.
    The aim of this paper is to give one kind of internal proportional systems with general representation and without closure and finiteness assumptions. First, we introduce the notions of internal proportional system and of general representation. Second, we briefly review the existing results which motivate our generalization. Third, we present the new systems, characterized by the fact that the linear order induced by the comparison weak order ≥ at the level of equivalence classes is also a weIl order. (...)
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  38.  31
    A General Representation for Internal Proportional Cornbinatorial Measurement Systems When the Operation is Not Necessari!Y Closed.José A. Díez - 1999 - Theoria 14 (1):157-178.
    The aim of this paper is to give one kind of internal proportional systems with general representation and without closure and finiteness assumptions. First, we introduce the notions of internal proportional system and of general representation. Second, we briefly review the existing results which motivate our generalization. Third, we present the new systems, characterized by the fact that the linear order induced by the comparison weak order ≥ at the level of equivalence classes is also a weIl order. (...)
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  39.  61
    Thinking the Body, From Hegel's Speculative Logic of Measure to Dynamic Systems Theory.David Morris - 2002 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (3):182-197.
    A study of shifts in scientific strategies for measuring the living body, especially in dynamic systems theory: sheds light on Hegel's concept of measure in The Science of Logic, and the dialectical transition from categories of being to categories of essence; shows how Hegel's speculative logic anticipates and analyzes key tensions in scientific attempts to measure and conceive the dynamic agency of the body. The study's analysis of the body as having an essentially dynamic identity irreducible to measurement (...)
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  40. Modeling Measurement: Error and Uncertainty.Alessandro Giordani & Luca Mari - 2014 - In Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon & Arthur Petersen (eds.), Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice. Pickering & Chatto. pp. 79-96.
    In the last few decades the role played by models and modeling activities has become a central topic in the scientific enterprise. In particular, it has been highlighted both that the development of models constitutes a crucial step for understanding the world and that the developed models operate as mediators between theories and the world. Such perspective is exploited here to cope with the issue as to whether error-based and uncertainty-based modeling of measurement are incompatible, and thus alternative with (...)
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  41.  57
    Measurement, Models, and Uncertainty.Alessandro Giordani & Luca Mari - 2012 - IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 61 (8):2144 - 2152.
    Against the tradition, which has considered measurement able to produce pure data on physical systems, the unavoidable role played by the modeling activity in measurement is increasingly acknowledged, particularly with respect to the evaluation of measurement uncertainty. This paper characterizes measurement as a knowledge-based process and proposes a framework to understand the function of models in measurement and to systematically analyze their influence in the production of measurement results and their interpretation. To this (...)
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  42. Manifestation of Quantum Mechanical Properties of a Proprietor’s Consciousness in Slit Measurements of Economic Systems.Sergiy Melnyk & Igor Tuluzov - 2014 - Neuroquantology 12 (3).
    The present paper discusses the problem of quantum-mechanical properties of a subject’s consciousness. The model of generalized economic measurements is used for the analysis. Two types of such measurements are analyzed – transactions and technologies. Algebraic ratios between the technology-type measurements allow making their analogy with slit experiments in physics. It has been shown that the description of results of such measurements is possible both in classical and in quantum formalism of calculation of probabilities. Thus, the quantum-mechanical formalism of the (...)
     
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  43. Simple or Complex Bodies? Trade-Offs in Exploiting Body Morphology for Control.Matej Hoffmann & Vincent C. Müller - forthcoming - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Animals and Machines. Springer.
    Engineers fine-tune the design of robot bodies for control purposes, however, a methodology or set of tools is largely absent, and optimization of morphology (shape, material properties of robot bodies, etc.) is lagging behind the development of controllers. This has become even more prominent with the advent of compliant, deformable or ”soft” bodies. These carry substantial potential regarding their exploitation for control—sometimes referred to as ”morphological computation”. In this article, we briefly review different notions of computation by physical (...) and propose the dynamical systems framework as the most useful in the context of describing and eventually designing the interactions of controllers and bodies. Then, we look at the pros and cons of simple vs. complex bodies, critically reviewing the attractive notion of ”soft” bodies automatically taking over control tasks. We address another key dimension of the design space—whether model-based control should be used and to what extent it is feasible to develop faithful models for different morphologies. (shrink)
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  44. Trade-Offs in Exploiting Body Morphology for Control: From Simple Bodies and Model-Based Control to Complex Ones with Model-Free Distributed Control Schemes.Matej Hoffmann & Vincent C. Müller - 2014 - In Helmut Hauser, Rudolf M. Füchslin & Rolf Pfeifer (eds.), Opinions and Outlooks on Morphological Computation. E-Book. pp. 185-194.
    Tailoring the design of robot bodies for control purposes is implicitly performed by engineers, however, a methodology or set of tools is largely absent and optimization of morphology (shape, material properties of robot bodies, etc.) is lag- ging behind the development of controllers. This has become even more prominent with the advent of compliant, deformable or "soft" bodies. These carry substantial potential regarding their exploitation for control – sometimes referred to as "mor- phological computation" in the sense of offloading (...)
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  45. A Conceptual Construction of Complexity Levels Theory in Spacetime Categorical Ontology: Non-Abelian Algebraic Topology, Many-Valued Logics and Dynamic Systems[REVIEW]R. Brown, J. F. Glazebrook & I. C. Baianu - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (3-4):409-493.
    A novel conceptual framework is introduced for the Complexity Levels Theory in a Categorical Ontology of Space and Time. This conceptual and formal construction is intended for ontological studies of Emergent Biosystems, Super-complex Dynamics, Evolution and Human Consciousness. A claim is defended concerning the universal representation of an item’s essence in categorical terms. As an essential example, relational structures of living organisms are well represented by applying the important categorical concept of natural transformations to biomolecular reactions and relational structures that (...)
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  46.  33
    Computerized Management Information Systems Resources and Their Relationship to the Development of Performance in the Electricity Distribution Company in Gaza.Samy S. Abu Naser & Mazen J. Al Shobaki - 2016 - EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH 4 (8):6969-7002.
    This paper aims to identify computerized management information systems resources and their relationship to the development of performance in the Electricity Distribution Company in Gaza. This research used two dimensions. The first dimension is computerized management information systems and the second dimension the Development of Performance. The control sample was (063). (360) questioners were distributed and (306) were retrieved back with a percentage of (85%). Several statistical tools were used for data analysis and hypotheses testing, including reliability correlation (...)
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  47.  53
    Attitude Toward and Propensity to Engage in Unethical Behavior: Measurement Invariance Across Major Among University Students.Yuh-Jia Chen & Thomas Li-Ping Tang - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (1):77-93.
    This research examines business and psychology students’ attitude toward unethical behavior (measured at Time 1) and their propensity to engage in unethical behavior (measured at Time 1 and at Time 2, 4 weeks later) using a 15-item Unethical Behavior measure with five Factors: Abuse Resources, Not Whistle Blowing, Theft, Corruption, and Deception. Results suggested that male students had stronger unethical attitudes and had higher propensity to engage in unethical behavior than female students. Attitude at Time 1 predicted Propensity at Time (...)
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  48.  20
    The Use of Human Resource Management Systems in the Saudi Market.Bandar Alharthey & Amran Rasli - 2012 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (2):163 - 176.
    Abstract The goal of the study was to investigate the current situation with Human Resources (HR) systems in the Saudi market on the basis of survey conducted among 100 organizations. Their HR and IT experts were to fill out a questionnaire that allowed receiving their expert opinion and make conclusions considering the HR systems usage in this country. In the course of the study, eight hypotheses were investigated and proved: the number of companies’ users of Human Resource Management (...)
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  49.  7
    Application of IT Examination in Investigation of Crimes on Safety of Electronic Data and Information Systems.Lina Novikoviene & Egle Bileviciute - 2010 - Jurisprudence 1 (119):317-329.
    As an EU state, Lithuania has become an active member of the eEurope 2005 initiative, implementing the goals set forth in the strategic plan for the development of information society in Lithuania. Information technologies introduced into various areas of life open up new, more convenient opportunities to receive services and information. The modernization of state management becomes an integral factor for ensuring continuous social development. The objective of this paper is to study practical aspects of the application of specialized knowledge (...)
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  50.  12
    In the Wake of Chaos: Unpredictable Order in Dynamical Systems.Stephen H. Kellert & Lawrence Sklar - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (1):181.
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