Results for 'Medical policy'

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  1.  23
    Employment and Public Policy Issues Surrounding Medical Marijuana in the Workplace.Jeffrey A. Mello - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):659-666.
    The status of marijuana as an illegal drug has greatly evolved in recent years. Many countries have decriminalized possession of marijuana for personal use. Others have not decriminalized it but simply “tolerate” it for private personal use. Four countries have passed laws legalizing medical marijuana and one other tolerates the use of marijuana for medical purposes without having legislated a specific right for such possession and use. To date, 17 of the United States and the District of Columbia (...)
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  2. Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy.Marc D. Hiller (ed.) - 1981 - Ballinger Pub. Co..
     
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  3.  14
    The Ethics of Policy Writing: How Should Hospitals Deal with Moral Disagreement About Controversial Medical Practices?E. C. Winkler - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):559-566.
    Every healthcare organisation enacts a multitude of policies, but there has been no discussion as to what procedural and substantive requirements a policy writing process should meet in order to achieve good outcomes and to possess sufficient authority for those who are asked to follow it.Using, as an example, the controversy about patient’s refusal of blood transfusions, I argue that a hospital wide policy is preferable to individual decision making, because it ensures autonomy, quality, fairness, and efficiency.Policy (...)
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  4.  11
    Colonial Medical Policy in Relation to Population Growth.T. H. Davey - 1951 - The Eugenics Review 42 (4):190.
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  5.  11
    Egg Freezing for Non-Medical Uses: The Lack of a Relational Approach to Autonomy in the New Israeli Policy and in Academic Discussion.S. Shkedi-Rafid & Y. Hashiloni-Dolev - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):154-157.
    Recently, the Israel National Bioethics Council (INBC) issued recommendations permitting egg freezing to prevent both disease- and age-related fertility decline. The INBC report forms the basis of Israel's new policy, being one of the first countries to regulate and authorise egg freezing for what it considers to be non-medical (ie, social) uses. The ethical discussion in the INBC report is reviewed and compared with the scant ethical discourse in the academic literature on egg freezing as a means of (...)
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  6.  5
    Accessibility and Transparency of Editor Conflicts of Interest Policy Instruments in Medical Journals.E. Smith, M. -J. Potvin & B. Williams-Jones - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):679-684.
    Background There has been significant discussion about the need to manage conflict of interest (COI) in medical journals. This has lead many journals to implement policies to manage COI for authors and reviewers; however, surprisingly little attention has been focused on the COI of journal editors. Objective The goal of this exploratory study was to determine whether the policies were accessible to the public and to researchers, and to discuss the potential impact on public transparency. Design The authors conducted (...)
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  7.  3
    The Criteria of Choice in Medical Policy: Radiotherapy in Massachusetts. [REVIEW]Muriel Gillick - 1977 - Minerva 15 (1):15-31.
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  8. The Medical Policy in the Period Managed by the Occupational Headqarters of the U, S, A.Akiko Sugiyama - 1999 - Studium 75:583-587.
     
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  9.  6
    Medical Doctors Commissioned by Institutions That Regulate and Control Migration in Sweden: Implications for Public Health Ethics, Policy and Practice.Karin B. Johansson Blight - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):239-252.
    Medical doctors are commissioned by the migration authorities and/or border police to assist in decision making about asylum seeker’s requests for residency permits in Sweden. They are asked to: (i) assess the formal written medical opinions made by physicians in support of asylum or humanitarian narratives in the asylum process and/or (ii) to make medical assessments of persons considered for deportation. This arrangement raises questions such as: How is the decision making process carried out? How is (...) knowledge used, and who ought to make decisions about medical evidence in the asylum process? Does this approach effect public health overall? There are longstanding concerns that medical assessments to certify whether a person is fit for transport or not, can have a direct, negative impact on persons in need of care and protection. A separate structure of doctors commissioned by the immigration authority seems to raise professional tensions, politicizes medical constructs and contributes to moral disengagement. Empirical data are used to illustrate this discussion with reference to medical issues, medical ethics, public health and legal discourses. I then reflect on key value conflicts using public health ethics theory and conclude with implications for public health ethic theory, policy and practice. (shrink)
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  10. Medical Ethics and Public Policy.Marc D. Hiller - 1981 - In Medical Ethics and the Law: Implications for Public Policy. Ballinger Pub. Co..
     
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  11. Medical Experimentation Personal Integrity and Social Policy.Charles Fried - 1974
     
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  12.  21
    Quality of Care: The Need for Medical, Contextual and Policy Evidence in Primary Care.Mieke L. Van Driel, An I. De Sutter, Thierry Christiaens & Jan M. De Maeseneer - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):417-429.
  13.  11
    Medical Evidence and Health Policy: A Marriage of Convenience? The Case of Proton Pump Inhibitors.Mieke L. Van Driel, Robert Vander Stichele, Jan De Maeseneer, An De Sutter & Thierry Christiaens - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):674-680.
    Rationale In Belgium, several policies regulating reimbursement of acid suppressant drugs and evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice were issued in a short period of time, creating a unique opportunity to observe their effect on prescribing. Aims and objectives To describe the evolution of prescriptions for acid suppressants and explore the interaction of policies and practice recommendations with prescribing patterns. Method Monthly claims-based data for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H-2-antihistamines by general practitioners, internists and "astroenterologists were obtained from the Belgian (...)
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  14.  26
    Polemic: Five Proposals for a Medical School Admission Policy.C. Cowley - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):491-494.
    Five proposals for admitting better applicants into medical school are discussed in this article: An A level in a humanity or social science would be required, to supplement—not replace—the stringent science requirement. This would ensure that successful candidates would be better “primed” for the medical curriculum. Extra points in the applicant’s initial screening would be awarded for an A level in English literature. There would be a minimum age of 23 for applicants, although a prior degree would not (...)
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  15.  7
    In That Case: Necessary Limitation of Medical Treatment, Ageism, or Worse? A Policy Proposal for Limiting Kidney Dialysis Availability Over 75.Michael A. Ashby - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):171-172.
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  16.  8
    The Meaning of AIDS: Implications for Medical Science, Clinical Practice, and Public Health Policy.V. Berridge - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):108-109.
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  17.  2
    Medical Experimentation: Personal Integrity and Social Policy.S. M. Rajah - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):155-155.
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  18.  20
    Medical Futility: Is a Policy Needed?Alireza Bagheri - 2014 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 5 (5).
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  19.  15
    Is It Sound Public Policy to Let the Terminally Ill Access Experimental Medical Innovations?Arthur Caplan - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):1 – 3.
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  20.  17
    Development of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Policy for the Care of Terminally Ill Patients Who May Become Organ Donors After Death Following the Removal of Life Support.Michael A. DeVita & James V. Snyder - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):131-143.
  21.  27
    Public Policy and the Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources.Richard L. Barber - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (11):655-663.
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  22.  2
    Improving Pain Management Through Policy Making and Education for Medical Regulators.David E. Joranson & Aaron M. Gilson - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (4):344-347.
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  23.  6
    A Model Policy Addressing Mistreatment of Medical Students.C. Strong, H. P. Wall, V. Jameson, H. R. Horn, P. N. Black, S. Scott & S. C. Brown - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):341.
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  24.  21
    Medical Science, Public Policy, and Reproductive Rights.Dorothy McBride Stetson & Jennifer Merchant - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (3):1024-1030.
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  25.  37
    Medical Marijuana, Compassionate Use, and Public Policy: Expert Opinion or Vox Populi ?Peter J. Cohen - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (3):19-22.
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  26. Improving Pain Management Through Policy Making and Education for Medical Regulators.David E. Joranson & Aaron M. Gilson - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (4):344-347.
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  27.  15
    Medical Science, Public Policy, and Reproductive Rights.Chairperson Dorothy McBride Stetson & Jennifer Merchant - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (3):1024-1030.
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  28.  1
    Compliance With Electronic Medical Records Privacy Policy: An Empirical Investigation of Hospital Information Technology Staff.Ming-Ling Sher, Paul C. Talley, Ching-Wen Yang & Kuang-Ming Kuo - 2017 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 54:004695801771175.
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  29.  22
    Honesty Is an Internal Norm of Medical Practice and the Best Policy.Thomas S. Huddle - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 3, Page 15-17, March 2012.
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  30.  4
    Virtue Ethics and Public Policy: Upholding Medical Virtue in Therapeutic Relationships as a Case Study.Justin Oakley - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (4):769-779.
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  31.  13
    Recent Developments. The British Medical Association Reinvigorates Public Debates on UK Organ Donation Policy.John Coggon - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):125-127.
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  32.  23
    Changing Policy to Reflect a Concern for Patients Who Sign Out Against Medical Advice.Alissa Hurwitz Swota - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):32 – 34.
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  33.  17
    Book Review:Philosophy and Medicine Series. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 1: Explanation and Evaluation in the Biomedical Sciences. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 2: Philosophical Dimensions of the Neuro-Medical Sciences. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 4. Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 5: Mental Illness: Law and Public Policy. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 6: Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 7. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysi. [REVIEW]John C. Moskop - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):381-.
  34.  7
    Smart Cards, Smarter Policy Medical Records, Privacy, and Health Care Reform.Sheri Alpert - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):13-23.
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  35.  3
    Rationing Health Care: Public Policy and the Medical Marketplace.David Mechanic - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (1):34-37.
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  36.  2
    The Significance of Frontal System Disorders for Medical Practice and Health Policy.Barry S. Fogel - 2001 - In S. Salloway, P. Malloy & J. Duffy (eds.), The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press. pp. 7--12.
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  37.  1
    Multilevel Modeling and Policy Development: Guidelines and Applications to Medical Travel.Eduardo Garcia-Garzon, Peter Zhukovsky, Elisa Haller, Sara Plakolm, David Fink, Dafina Petrova, Vaishali Mahalingam, Igor G. Menezes & Kai Ruggeri - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  38.  1
    Ethical Decision Making in Commitee: The Role of Review Boards and Ethics Commitees in Healt Care, Health Policy and Medical Research.Hans-Martin Sass - 2000 - Convivium: revista de filosofía 13:148-165.
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  39.  1
    Ethical and Policy Considerations in Patent Law for Medical Procedures.Trent A. Kirk - 2012 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 3 (1-3):87-96.
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  40.  2
    Review of Mark A. Rothstein (Ed.), Genetics and Life Insurance, Medical Underwriting and Social Policy. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2004. 293 Pp. $34.00, Hardcover. [REVIEW]Richard Stein - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):88-89.
  41. The Ageing of Dutch Fertility: Socio-Medical and Policy Implications.G. C. Beets, N. van Nimwegen, E. R. te Velde, C. M. Worthman, C. L. Jenkins, J. F. Stallings, D. Lai, E. Bonilla, A. Rodriguez & M. King - 1993 - Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):425-43.
     
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  42. Medical Doctors Commissioned by Institutions That Regulate and Control Migration in Sweden: Implications for Public Health Ethics, Policy and Practice.K. B. Johansson Blight - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):239-252.
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  43. Book Review: Urban Academic Medical Centers: Urban Medical Centers: Balancing Academic and Patient Care Functions: Cornell University Medical College Tenth Conference on Health PolicyGinzbergEli, Ed., Urban Medical Centers: Balancing Academic and Patient Care Functions: Cornell University Medical College Tenth Conference on Health Policy : 105 Pp., ISBN 0-8133-2883-7 , $58.50. To Order Call 800-242-7737. [REVIEW]F. Jones Robert - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (1):67-69.
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  44. Medical Care, Medical Costs: The Search for a Health Insurance Policy. Rashi Fein.Jane Lewis - 1987 - Isis 78 (3):444-445.
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  45. Beginnings of Brazilian Science. Oswaldo Cruz, Medical Research and Policy, 1890-1920Nancy Stepan.Simão Mathias - 1978 - Isis 69 (3):471-473.
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  46. Implicit Cognition and Gifts: How Does Social Psychology Help Us Think Differently About Medical Practice?Nicolae Morar & Natalia Washington - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (3):33-43.
    This article takes the following two assumptions for granted: first, that gifts influence physicians and, second, that the influences gifts have on physicians may be harmful for patients. These assumptions are common in the applied ethics literature, and they prompt an obvious practical question, namely, what is the best way to mitigate the negative effects? We examine the negative effects of gift giving in depth, considering how the influence occurs, and we assert that the ethical debate surrounding gift-giving practices must (...)
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  47. Medical Futility: A Cross-National Study.Alireza Bagheri - 2013 - Imperial College Press.
    So-called futile care : the experience of the Unied States -- The reality of medical futility in Brazil -- Medical futility and end-of-lfe issues in Belgium -- The concept of medical futility in Venezuela -- Medical futility in Russian Federation -- Medical futility in Australia -- Medical futility in Japan -- Ethical issues and policy in medical futility in China -- Medical futility in Korea -- Medical futility from Swiss perspective (...)
     
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  48.  12
    The Limits of the Treatment‐Enhancement Distinction as a Guide to Public Policy.Alexandre Erler - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (8):608-615.
    Many believe that the treatment-enhancement distinction marks an important ethical boundary that we should use to shape public policy on biomedical interventions. A common justification for this purported normative force appeals to the idea that, whereas treatments respond to genuine medical needs, enhancements can only satisfy mere preferences or “expensive tastes”. This article offers a critique of that justification, while still accepting the TED as a conceptual tool, as well as some of the key ethical axioms endorsed by (...)
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  49.  48
    Privacy and Policy for Genetic Research.Judith Wagner DeCew - 2004 - Ethics and Information Technology 6 (1):5-14.
    I begin with a discussion of the value of privacy and what we lose without it. I then turn to the difficulties of preserving privacy for genetic information and other medical records in the face of advanced information technology. I suggest three alternative public policy approaches to the problem of protecting individual privacy and also preserving databases for genetic research:(1) governmental guidelines and centralized databases, (2) corporate self-regulation, and (3) my hybrid approach. None of these are unproblematic; I (...)
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  50.  7
    Medical Need: Evaluating a Conceptual Critique of Universal Health Coverage.Lynette Reid - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (2):114-137.
    Some argue that the concept of medical need is inadequate to inform the design of a universal health care system—particularly an institutional rather than a residual system. They argue that the concept contradicts the idea of comprehensiveness; leads to unsustainable expenditures; is too indeterminate for policy; and supports only a prioritarian distribution. I argue that ‘comprehensive’ understood as ‘including the full continuum of care’ and ‘medically necessary’ understood as ‘prioritized by medical criteria’ are not contradictory, and that (...)
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