Results for 'Medicalization'

169 found
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  1. The Medicalization of Love.Brian D. Earp, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (3):323-336.
    Pharmaceuticals or other emerging technologies could be used to enhance (or diminish) feelings of lust, attraction, and attachment in adult romantic partnerships. While such interventions could conceivably be used to promote individual (and couple) well-being, their widespread development and/or adoption might lead to “medicalization” of human love and heartache—for some, a source of serious concern. In this essay, we argue that the “medicalization of love” need not necessarily be problematic, on balance, but could plausibly be expected to have (...)
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  2. On Good and Bad Forms of Medicalization.Erik Parens - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (1):28-35.
    The ongoing ‘enhancement’ debate pits critics of new self-shaping technologies against enthusiasts. One important thread of that debate concerns medicalization, the process whereby ‘non-medical’ problems become framed as ‘medical’ problems.In this paper I consider the charge of medicalization, which critics often level at new forms of technological self-shaping, and explain how that charge can illuminate – and obfuscate. Then, more briefly, I examine the charge of pharmacological Calvinism, which enthusiasts, in their support of technological self-shaping, often level at (...)
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  3. Medicalization: Current Concept and Future Directions in a Bionic Society.Antonio Maturo - 2012 - Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):122.
    The article illustrates the main features of the concept of medicalization, starting from its theoretical roots. Although it is the process of extending the medical gaze on human conditions, it appears that medicalization cannot be strictly connected to medical imperialism anymore. Other "engines" of medicalization are influential: consumers, biotechnology and managed care. The growth of research and theoretical reflections on medicalization has led to the proposal of other parallel concepts like pharmaceuticalization, genetization and biomedicalization. These new (...)
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  4.  38
    The Medicalization of Love and Narrow and Broad Conceptions of Human Well-Being.Sven Nyholm - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (3):337-346.
    Would a “medicalization” of love be a “good” or “bad” form of medicalization? In discussing this question, Earp, Sandberg, and Savulescu primarily focus on the potential positive and negative consequences of turning love into a medical issue. But it can also be asked whether there is something intrinsically regrettable about medicalizing love. It is argued here that the medicalization of love can be seen as an “evaluative category mistake”: it treats a core human value as if it (...)
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  5. The Time of the Change: Menopause's Medicalization and the Gender Politics of Aging. van de Wiel - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):74-98.
    As a nexus of fertility’s finitude and female midlife, menopause is a physical and cultural phenomenon through which the relation between the medicalization of the female reproductive cycle and normative attitudes toward aging become expressed. Age, like other systems of separation, can function as an “instrument of regulatory regimes” and shows similarities to gender in its body-bound, surface-focused, and morally coded position in the sociomedical sphere. However, although age is an influential social category, its reliance on historical and epistemic (...)
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  6.  24
    Medicalization and Obstetric Care: An Analysis of Developments in Dutch Midwifery.Anke D. J. Smeenk & Henk A. M. J. ten Have - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (2):153-165.
    The Dutch system of obstetric care is often recommended for midwife-attended births, the high number of home deliveries, and the low rate of intervention during pregnancy and labour. In this contribution, the question is addressed whether processes of medicalization can be demonstrated in the Dutch midwife practice. Medicalization of pregnancy and childbirth is often criticized because it creates dependency on the medical system and infringement of the autonomy of pregnant women. It is concluded that medicalization is present (...)
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  7. Patient Complains of … How Medicalization Mediates Power and Justice.Alison Reiheld - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):72-98.
    The process of medicalization has been analyzed in the medical humanities with disapprobation, with much emphasis placed on its ability to reinforce existing social power structures to ill effect. While true, this is an incomplete picture of medicalization. I argue that medicalization can both reinforce and disrupt existing social hierarchies within the clinic and outside of it, to ill or good effect. We must attend to how this takes place locally and globally lest we misunderstand how (...) mediates power and justice. I provide concrete examples of how this occurs by considering dysesthesia ethiopsis, autism, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, and HIV/AIDS. (shrink)
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  8.  23
    Ethical Transparency and Economic Medicalization.Geoffrey Poitras & Lindsay Meredith - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (3):313-325.
    This article introduces the concept of economic medicalization where non-medical problems are transformed into medical problems in order to achieve the objective of corporate shareholder wealth maximization. Following an overview of the differences in ethical norms applicable to medical ethics and business ethics, the economic medicalization of medical research practice and publication is examined in some detail. This motivates a general discussion of the problems involved in the ethical approval process for medical research that balances the interests of (...)
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  9.  68
    Paying for the Possibility of Disease: How Medicalization of Risk Conditions Affects Health Policy and Why We Must Bear It In Mind.Alison Reiheld - 2008 - Medical Humanities Report:3, 4, 6.
    In this paper, I sound a warning note about the medicalization of risk conditions such as high cholesterol, especially in a health care climate of resource scarcity.
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  10.  54
    An Investigation Into the Medicalization of Stress in the Twentieth Century.Elizabeth Siegel Watkins - 2014 - Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):29-36.
    Stress presents an interesting case for the application of medicalization theory. From the 1950s to the 1980s, stress became an established, if not fully deciphered, component of the matrix within which illness developed, as understood by physicians and patients, scientists, and laypeople alike. While the various iterations of the medicalization thesis are useful for analyzing the information flows between the multiplicity of actors engaged in the production and interpretation of the stress concept, they cannot account for all aspects (...)
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  11.  73
    Researching Involvement in Health Care Practices: Interrupting or Reproducing Medicalization?Sara Donetto & Alan Cribb - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):907-912.
  12.  93
    Can Medicalization Be Good? Situating Medicalization Within Bioethics.John Sadler, Fabrice Jotterand, Simon Lee & Stephen Inrig - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (6):411-425.
    Medicalization has been a process articulated primarily by social scientists, historians, and cultural critics. Comparatively little is written about the role of bioethics in appraising medicalization as a social process. The authors consider what medicalization means, its definition, functions, and criteria for assessment. A series of brief case sketches illustrate how bioethics can contribute to the analysis and public policy discussion of medicalization.
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  13.  9
    Medicalization, Demedicalization and Beyond: Antisocial Behaviour and the Case of the Dutch Youth Law.Dorothee Horstkötter, Wybo Dondorp & Guido de Wert - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (3):284-294.
    Youth antisocial behaviour is frequently considered to be displayed by children and adolescents who suffer from behavioural disorders. Consequently, attempts to reduce ASB have increasingly comprised mental health interventions. Moreover, early signalling of children at risk and early prevention of behavioural problems are regarded as crucial remedies. Critical investigations of these developments, however, are in particular concerned with the consequent medicalization of society and the behaviour exhibited by infants, children and adolescents. Consequently, the new Dutch youth law even refers (...)
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  14. The Medicalization of Life.I. Illich - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (2):73-77.
    Two contributions from Dr Ivan Illich follow. The first, in which he sets out his primary thesis of the medicalization of life, is a section from Dr Illich's book `Medical Nemesis'. (It is reprinted with the permission of the author and his publishers, Messrs Calder and Boyars.) The second is a transcript of the paper which Dr Illich read at the conference organized by the London Medical Group on iatrogenic disease. Both are ultimately addressed to the recipients of medical (...)
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  15.  25
    The Muddle of Medicalization: Pathologizing or Medicalizing?Jonathan Sholl - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (4):265-278.
    Medicalization appears to be an issue that is both ubiquitous and unquestionably problematic as it seems to signal at once a social and existential threat. This perception of medicalization, however, is nothing new. Since the first main writings in the 1960s and 1970s, it has consistently been used to describe inappropriate or abusive instances of medical authority. Yet, while this standard approach claims that medicalization is a growing problem, it assumes that there is simply one “medical model” (...)
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  16.  29
    Mental Ill Health, Public Health and Medicalization.A. Vilhelmsson, T. Svensson & A. Meeuwisse - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):207-217.
    WHO suggests mental ill health in terms of depression to be the highest ranking disease problem in the developed world in 2020–2030 and claims a public health approach to be the most appropriate response. But some argue that the alarming reports on mental ill health have their ground in the methods of inquiry themselves and refer to medicalization as an important issue. The aim of this article is to explore and illuminate the issue of what is meant by mental (...)
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  17.  1
    Misdiagnosing Medicalization: Penal Psychopathy and Psychiatric Practice.David Showalter - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (1):67-94.
    This article offers a critique and reconstruction of the concept of medicalization. Most researchers describe medicalization as the redefinition of social problems as medical concerns, and track its spread by the proliferation of disease language and diagnostic categories. Forensic psychiatry and disorders like psychopathy are often cited in these debates. I argue that focusing on discourse overlooks how medical language can justify or mask non-medical practices and outcomes, and lead researchers to identify medicalization where it has not (...)
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  18.  18
    From Sinners to Degenerates: The Medicalization of Morality in the 19th Century.Heidi Rimke & Alan Hunt - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (1):59-88.
    This article explores two very different forms in which immoral conduct was problematized over the course of the 19th century. It does this by contrasting the sexual purity politics of the Vice Society and the medicalization of morality as `moral insanity'. Early in the century the Vice Society promoted coercive legislation with the aim of `suppressing vice'. From mid-century, moral insanity theories sought to grapple with vice by disaggregating `moral' from other forms of insanity. These two movements had quite (...)
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  19.  37
    The Medicalization of Dying.Michael M. Burgess - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):269-279.
    Physician assisted suicide or active euthanasia is analyzed as a medicalization of the needs of persons who are suffering interminably. As with other medicalized responses to personal needs, the availability of active euthanasia will likely divert attention and resources from difficult social and personal aspects of the needs of dying and suffering persons, continuing the pattern of privatization of the costs of caregiving for persons who are candidates for active euthanasia, limiting the ability of caregivers to assist suffering persons (...)
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  20.  30
    Normality, Therapy, and Enhancement - What Should Bioconservatives Say About the Medicalization of Love?Alberto Giubilini - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (3):347-354.
    According to human enhancement advocates, it is morally permissible (and sometimes obligatory) to use biomedical means to modulate or select certain biological traits in order to increase people’s welfare, even when there is no pathology to be treated or prevented. Some authors have recently proposed to extend the use of biomedical means to modulate lust, attraction, and attachment. I focus on some conceptual implications of this proposal, particularly with regard to bioconservatives’ understanding of the notions of therapy and enhancement I (...)
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  21.  36
    Inclusion of Psychosocial Conditions in Clinical Practice and the Problem of Medicalization.Reidun Førde - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (2).
    It is generally accepted today that the biomedical model's exclusive focus on the patient's somatic condition is too narrow. The biomedical model, however, has additional shortcomings. In the first place, resources are left out of the diagnostic perspective. Secondly, the automatic interpretation of symptoms and deviations from normal as present or potential threats to the individual's health. In this paper it is claimed that these characteristics of the biomedical model can lead to medicalization. To elucidate these claims, an alternative (...)
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  22.  9
    Core Workout: A Feminist Critique of Definitions, Hyperfemininity, and the Medicalization of Fitness.Pam R. Sailors, Sarah Teetzel & Charlene Weaving - 2016 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 9 (2):46-66.
    “Look Great Naked!” “Sexy Legs Now!” “Score a Perfect 10 Body!” These invitations appear regularly on the covers of glossy fitness magazines, always beside a photograph of a too-perfect-not-to-be-airbrushed, generally scantily clad, young woman. Are they really invitations or are they imperatives? What should we make of the apparently presumed connection between fitness and sex? These are the questions that drive this article, in which we distinguish between fitness and sport and provide a feminist account of fitness to set the (...)
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  23.  1
    The Over-Medicalization and Corrupted Medicalization of Abortion and its Effect on Women Living in Poverty.Lois Shepherd & Hilary D. Turner - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):672-679.
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  24.  4
    Motherhood, Abortion, and the Medicalization of Poverty.Michelle Oberman - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):665-671.
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  25.  3
    The Medicalization of Poverty in the Lives of Low-Income Black Mothers and Children.Ruby Mendenhall - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):644-650.
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  26.  1
    Medicalization of Rural Poverty: Challenges for Access.Elizabeth Weeks - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):651-657.
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  27.  7
    The New Holism: P4 Systems Medicine and the Medicalization of Health and Life Itself.Henrik Vogt, Bjørn Hofmann & Linn Getz - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):307-323.
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  28.  9
    Medicalization and Overdiagnosis: Different but Alike.Bjørn Hofmann - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):253-264.
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  29.  4
    The Medicalization of Poverty: A Dose of Theory.David A. Hyman - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):582-587.
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  30.  4
    Introduction: The Medicalization of Poverty.Lois Shepherd & Robin Fretwell Wilson - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):563-566.
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  31.  3
    Housing: A Case for The Medicalization of Poverty.B. Cameron Webb & Dayna Bowen Matthew - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):588-594.
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  32.  18
    The Medicalization of Love.Brian D. Earp, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):759-771.
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  33.  11
    The Medicalization of Love.Brian D. Earp, Anders Sandberg & Julian Savulescu - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):759-771.
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  34.  20
    Medicalization and Epistemic Injustice.Alistair Wardrope - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (3):341-352.
  35.  25
    Medicalization as a Moral Problem for Preventive Medicine.Marcel Verweij - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (2):89–113.
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  36.  10
    Medicalization in Psychiatry: The Medical Model, Descriptive Diagnosis, and Lost Knowledge.Mark J. Sedler - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):247-252.
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  37.  6
    The Medicalization of Health and Shared Responsibility.Gianmarco Contino - 2016 - The New Bioethics 22 (1):45-55.
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  38.  51
    Medicalization, Medical Necessity, and Feminist Medicine.Laura Purdy - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (3):248–261.
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  39.  19
    Disorientation and the Medicalization of Struggle.Ami Harbin - 2014 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (1):99-121.
    As a text in use by mental health practitioners, policy makers, and ordinary individuals, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) categorizes a variety of mental, psychological, and emotional experiences on a wide spectrum of disorders. Many common experiences are described there as symptoms, chiefly for the purposes of identifying, diagnosing, and treating disorders. “Disorientations” are not (yet) categorized as a stand-alone disorder in the DSM, but involve a cluster of experiences that border on and overlap with experiences (...)
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  40.  75
    Medicine and Medicalization: A Response to Purdy.Ann Garry - 2001 - Bioethics 15 (3):262–269.
  41.  8
    How to Distinguish Medicalization From Over-Medicalization?Emilia Kaczmarek - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  42.  58
    The Medicalization of Personality: Mind-Body Relations in Scientific Culture.P. Kalanithi - 2000 - Princeton Journal of Bioethics 4:46-63.
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  43.  21
    The Medicalization of Life.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):191-197.
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  44.  14
    OxyContin, Prescription Opioid Abuse and Economic Medicalization.Geoffrey Poitras - 2012 - Medicolegal and Bioethics:31.
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  45.  31
    The (Alternative) Medicalization of Life.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):191-197.
  46.  56
    An Epidemic of Depression or the Medicalization of Distress?Roger T. Mulder - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):238-250.
  47.  17
    Scientism and the Medicalization of Existential Distress: A Reply to John Paley.Clinton E. Betts & Andrea F. J. Smith-Betts - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (2):137-141.
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  48.  4
    “Diabetes and Literacy: Negotiating Control Through Artifacts of Medicalization”. [REVIEW]David S. Martins - 2009 - Journal of Medical Humanities 30 (2):115-130.
    My experience with the California Department of Motor Vehicles offers a case to explore how bureaucratic institutions monitor, classify, and control individuals. By examining artifacts created for and used by the DMV through the lens of literacy studies, I discuss the variety of rhetorical strategies used in each document and the effects and implications of those strategies, for example on subjectivity or identity, and move beyond the language of the artifacts themselves to attend to how they are invested with power (...)
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  49.  2
    The Medicalization of Science News - From the “Rocket-Scalpel” to the “Gene-Meteorite” Complex.Martin Bauer - 1998 - Social Science Information 37 (4):731-751.
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  50.  69
    Commentary on `The Medicalization of Life' and `Society's Expectations of Health'.G. Horobin - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (2):90-91.
    The main theses of the papers by Dr Illich and Dr Leach are compared. Both writers, says Mr Horobin, a sociologist by training and profession, discuss the uses and abuses of medical expertise in the modern world. In his view, the problems so created must be solved for the good of those they treat; doctors must rediscover the old skills of treating the whole patient.
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