Results for 'Medicine Practice'

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  1.  17
    Models of Occupational Medicine Practice: An Approach to Understanding Moral Conflict in “Dual Obligation” Doctors. [REVIEW]Jacques Tamin - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):499-506.
    In the United Kingdom (UK), ethical guidance for doctors assumes a therapeutic setting and a normal doctor–patient relationship. However, doctors with dual obligations may not always operate on the basis of these assumptions in all aspects of their role. In this paper, the situation of UK occupational physicians is described, and a set of models to characterise their different practices is proposed. The interaction between doctor and worker in each of these models is compared with the normal doctor–patient relationship, focusing (...)
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  2.  9
    Suffering-Based Medicine: Practicing Scientific Medicine with a Humanistic Approach.Auro del Giglio - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (2):215-219.
    Suffering, defined as a state of undergoing pain, distress or hardship, is a multidimensional concept; it can entail physical, psychological and spiritual distress that prompts the sufferer to seek medical attention. As a construct originating from and unique to each patient, no patient’s suffering is equal to another’s or completely reducible to any generalizable frame of understanding. As it happens in a common medical encounter, the suffering patient requires an anamnesis provided by attentive and comprehensive listening to both the said (...)
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  3.  25
    Evidence‐Based Medicine, Practice Variations and Clinical Freedom.J. R. Hampton - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):123-131.
  4.  1
    Between Reproductive and Regenerative Medicine: Practicing Embryo Donation and Civil Responsibility in Denmark.Mette Nordahl Svendsen - 2007 - Body and Society 13 (4):21-45.
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  5.  33
    Effect of Continuous Education for Evidence‐Based Medicine Practice on Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills of Medical Students.Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Thanitha Sirirak, Sathana Boonyapipat & Panumad Pornsawat - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):607-611.
  6.  4
    Practicing Medicine and Ethics: Integrating Wisdom, Conscience, and Goals of Care.Lauris Christopher Kaldjian - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    To practice medicine and ethics, physicians need wisdom and integrity to integrate scientific knowledge, patient preferences, their own moral commitments, and society's expectations. This work of integration requires a physician to pursue certain goals of care, determine moral priorities, and understand that conscience or integrity require harmony among a person's beliefs, values, reasoning, actions, and identity. But the moral and religious pluralism of contemporary society makes this integration challenging and uncertain. How physicians treat patients will depend on the (...)
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  7.  26
    Innovative Practice, Clinical Research, and the Ethical Advancement of Medicine.Jake Earl - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):7-18.
    Innovative practice occurs when a clinician provides something new, untested, or nonstandard to a patient in the course of clinical care, rather than as part of a research study. Commentators have noted that patients engaged in innovative practice are at significant risk of suffering harm, exploitation, or autonomy violations. By creating a pathway for harmful or nonbeneficial interventions to spread within medical practice without being subjected to rigorous scientific evaluation, innovative practice poses similar risks to the (...)
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  8.  72
    Medicine and Evidence: Knowledge and Action in Clinical Practice.Andrew Miles, Michael Loughlin & Andreas Polychronis - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):481-503.
  9. Articulating a New Philosophical Basis for Traditional Medicine Practice in Africa.J. U. Ohaeri - 1988 - Journal of African Philosophy and Studies 1:1-7.
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  10. Phronesis and Decision Making in Medicine: Practical Wisdom in Action.K. W. M. Fulford & Tim Thornton - forthcoming - Routledge.
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  11. Science, Practice and Mythology: A Definition and Examination of the Implications of Scientism in Medicine[REVIEW]Michael Loughlin, George Lewith & Torkel Falkenberg - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (2):130-145.
    Scientism is a philosophy which purports to define what the world ‘really is’. It adopts what the philosopher Thomas Nagel called ‘an epistemological criterion of reality’, defining what is real as that which can be discovered by certain quite specific methods of investigation. As a consequence all features of experience not revealed by those methods are deemed ‘subjective’ in a way that suggests they are either not real, or lie beyond the scope of meaningful rational inquiry. This devalues capacities that (...)
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  12.  61
    The Practice of Defensive Medicine Among Hospital Doctors in the United Kingdom.Osman Ortashi, Jaspal Virdee, Rudaina Hassan, Tomasz Mutrynowski & Fikri Abu-Zidan - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):42.
    Defensive medicine is defined as a doctor’s deviation from standard practice to reduce or prevent complaints or criticism. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of the practice of defensive medicine in the UK among hospital doctors and the factors affecting it.
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  13. The Practical Implications of the New Metaphysics of Race for a Postracial Medicine: Biomedical Research Methodology, Institutional Requirements, Patient–Physician Relations.Joanna K. Malinowska & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):61-63.
    Perez-Rodriguez and de la Fuente (2017) assume that although human races do not exist in a biological sense (“geneticists and evolutionary biologists generally agree that the division of humans into races/subspecies has no defensible scientific basis,” they exist only as “sociocultural constructions” and because of that maintain an illusory reality, for example, through “racialized” practices in medicine. Agreeing with the main postulates formulated in the article, we believe that the authors treat this problem in a superficial manner and have (...)
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  14.  91
    The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health: Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical (...)
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  15. Clinical Ethics: A Practical Approach to Ethical Decisions in Clinical Medicine.Albert R. Jonsen, Mark Siegler & William J. Winslade - 2022 - New York: McGraw Hill.
    This book is about the ethical issues that clinicians encounter as they care for patients and is written to assist those who serve on hospital ethics committees as they deliberate about appropriate action in difficult ethical cases.
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  16.  9
    Defensive Practice is Indefensible: How Defensive Medicine Runs Counter to the Ethical and Professional Obligations of Clinicians.Johan Christiaan Bester - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):413-420.
    Defensive medicine has become pervasive. Defensive medicine is often thought of as a systems issue, the inevitable result of an adversarial malpractice environment, with consequent focus on system-responses and tort reform. But defensive medicine also has ethical and professionalism implications that should be considered beyond the need for tort reform. This article examines defensive medicine from an ethics and professionalism perspective, showing how defensive medicine is deeply problematic. First, a definition of defensive medicine is (...)
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  17.  72
    How Doctors Think: Clinical Judgment and the Practice of Medicine.Kathryn Montgomery - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    How Doctors Think defines the nature and importance of clinical judgment. Although physicians make use of science, this book argues that medicine is not itself a science but rather an interpretive practice that relies on clinical reasoning. A physician looks at the patient's history along with the presenting physical signs and symptoms and juxtaposes these with clinical experience and empirical studies to construct a tentative account of the illness. How Doctors Think is divided into four parts. Part one (...)
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  18.  2
    Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Research and Practice.Giovanni Boniolo & Marco J. Nathan (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Theory and Practice_ aims at a systematic investigation of a number of foundational issues in the field of molecular medicine. The volume is organized around four broad modules focusing, respectively, on the following key aspects: What are the nature, scope, and limits of molecular medicine? How does it provide explanations? How does it represent and model phenomena of interest? How does it infer new knowledge from data and experiments? The essays (...)
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  19.  10
    The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics: A Naturalistic-Humanistic Approach.Warren A. Shibles - 2010 - Springer.
    This book completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine.
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  20.  32
    Teaching Practical Wisdom in Medicine Through Clinical Judgement, Goals of Care, and Ethical Reasoning.L. C. Kaldjian - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):558-562.
    Clinical decision making is a challenging task that requires practical wisdom—the practised ability to help patients choose wisely among available diagnostic and treatment options. But practical wisdom is not a concept one typically hears mentioned in medical training and practice. Instead, emphasis is placed on clinical judgement. The author draws from Aristotle and Aquinas to describe the virtue of practical wisdom and compare it with clinical judgement. From this comparison, the author suggests that a more complete understanding of clinical (...)
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  21.  1
    Medicine and Humanistic Understanding: The Significance of Narrative in Medical Practices.Jerry Vannatta - 2004 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
    An interactive DVD-ROM that examines the doctor-patient relationship, changing nature of illness, ethics and practice of everyday medicine, and the goals of medical pedagogy; it also features interviews with prominent physicians, caretakers, writers, researchers, and philosophers, and is used at the University of Oklahoma in its continuing education for physicians.
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  22.  24
    Medicine in a Neurocentric World: About the Explanatory Power of Neuroscientific Models in Medical Research and Practice[REVIEW]Lara Huber & Lara K. Kutschenko - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (4):307-313.
    Medicine in a Neurocentric World: About the Explanatory Power of Neuroscientific Models in Medical Research and Practice Content Type Journal Article Category Editorial Notes Pages 307-313 DOI 10.1007/s12376-009-0036-2 Authors Lara Huber, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Institute for History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine Am Pulverturm 13 55131 Mainz Germany Lara K. Kutschenko, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Institute for History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine Am Pulverturm 13 (...)
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  23. Medicine as a Form of Practical Understanding.Ineke Widdershoven-Heerding - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
    This paper is an attempt to reframe the debate of whether medicine is an art or a science in the Aristotelian sense. The recent book of Pellegrino and Thomasma, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, serves as the starting point. Taking clinical interaction as the distinctive feature of medicine, the resemblances of medicine with the characteristics of practical reasoning in the Aristotelian sense are further explored. This comparison proves especially useful in discussing the special status of (...)
     
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  24.  50
    The Evidence‐Based Medicine Model of Clinical Practice: Scientific Teaching or Belief‐Based Preaching?Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Emily Freeman - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):597-605.
  25.  19
    Narrative and Medicine: Premises, Practices, Pragmatism.Elizabeth Lanphier - 2021 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 64 (2):211-234.
    Narrative is now a commonly used term in medical education, ethics, and practice. Yet the concept of narrative defies singular definition, and definitional and functional pluralism about narrative in health care remains underappreciated. Diverse conceptualizations of narrative are generically grouped under umbrella terms like “medical humanities” or “narrative medicine.” Such broad grouping risks undermining attention to relevant differences in use, meaning, or theory of narrative, overestimating the scope of certain criticisms of narrative practice or use, while overlooking (...)
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  26.  47
    Medicine as Practical Wisdom.B. Hofman - 2002 - Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 1 (2):135-149.
    Modern medicine faces fundamental challenges that various approaches to the philosophy of medicine have tried to address. One of these approaches is based on the ancient concept of phronesis. This paper investigates whether this concept can be used as a moral basis for the challenges facing modern medicine and, in particular, analyses phronesis as it is applied in the works of Pellegrino and Thomasma. It scrutinises some difficulties with a phronesis-based theory, specifically, how it presupposes a moral (...)
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  27.  65
    On a Medicine of the Whole Person: Away From Scientistic Reductionism and Towards the Embrace of the Complex in Clinical Practice.Andrew Miles - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):941-949.
  28. Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
  29.  28
    Evidence‐Based Medicine in General Practice: Beliefs and Barriers Among Australian GPs.Jane M. Young & Jeanette E. Ward - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (2):201-210.
  30.  25
    Trans Medicine: The Emergence and Practice of Treating Gender.Sara Dahlen - 2021 - The New Bioethics 28 (1):86-90.
    A personal narrative prefaces this engaging volume adapted from the author’s doctoral work. stef m. shuster [sic] immediately informs the reader the terrain explored in Trans Medicine was not embar...
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  31.  15
    Advancing Medicine Ethically: Important Considerations for Innovative Practice.Sarah Haines, Michael Savic & Adrian Carter - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):38-40.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 38-40.
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  32.  12
    Towards a National Genomics Medicine Service: The Challenges Facing Clinical-Research Hybrid Practices and the Case of the 100 000 Genomes Project. [REVIEW]Sandi Dheensa, Gabrielle Samuel, Anneke M. Lucassen & Bobbie Farsides - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):397-403.
    Clinical practice and research are governed by distinct rules and regulations and have different approaches to, for example, consent and providing results. However, genomics is an example of where research and clinical practice have become codependent. The 100 000 genomes project is a hybrid venture where a person can obtain a clinical investigation only if he or she agrees to also participate in ongoing research—including research by industry and commercial companies. In this paper, which draws on 20 interviews (...)
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  33.  21
    Osteopathic Medicine: Philosophy, Principles and Practice.W. Llewellyn McKone - 2001 - Blackwell Science.
    This is the first textbook on osteopathic medicine to complement the dominant 'medical' model of education.
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  34.  4
    Medicine, Health and the Human Side: Responsibility in Medical Practice.Gabriela Palavicini - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (2):289-297.
    Throughout history, the world has been concerned with progress in different areas, and Medicine has not been the exception. Nevertheless, has this progress been positive in the sense of entailing benefits? The question emerges considering that through this progress, human beings have been able to modify natural processes. Considering this, the research question is: What is the role that medicine—a human and scientific discipline—must play, and which is the concept of what a human being must have in a (...)
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  35.  33
    Personalized medicine and informed consent: clinical and ethical considerations for developing a best practice guideline for biobank-based next generation sequencing in oncology.Eva C. Winkler, Dominik Ose, Hanno Glimm, Klaus Tanner & Christof von Kalle - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):195-203.
    Die rasanten technischen Fortschritte in der Genomforschung ermöglichen heute schon die Sequenzierung des einzelnen menschlichen Genoms in wenigen Tagen und zu vertretbaren Kosten. In der Krebsforschung ermöglicht die genetische Sequenzanalyse, zunehmend die Defekte zu identifizieren, die für das Tumorwachstum bei jedem einzelnen Patienten verantwortlich sind. Auf dieser Basis können zielgerichteter Therapien entwickelt werden. Diese Forschung wirft jedoch auch neue, ethische Fragen auf. Diesen normativen Fragen widmet sich in Heidelberg das interdisziplinäre EURAT Projekt mit dem Ziel, ethisch und rechtlich informierte Lösungen (...)
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  36.  1
    Narrative Medicine in Hospice Care: Identity, Practice, and Ethics Though the Lens of Paul Ricoeur.Tara Flanagan - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    Narrative Medicine in Hospice Care argues that the models of selfhood and care found in the work of Paul Ricoeur can serve as a framework for clinicians, caregivers, and end-of-life patients regardless of the patients’ verbal and cognitive capabilities.
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  37.  7
    Philosophical Practice in Rehabilitation Medicine Grasping the Potential for Personal Maturation in Existential Ruptures.Richard Levi - 2010 - Philosophical Practice 5 (2):607-614.
    Rehabilitation medicine, aka Physical medicine and Rehabilitation , is the medical specialty which focuses on optimizing function, ability, participation and life satisfaction in the light of noncurable disability and/or chronic disease. It is primarily geared towards the “so what” than towards “what” . PM & R is holistic and patient-centred, thus comprising a well-suited arena for dialogue and patient participation. Many patients experience a severe crisis reaction in the aftermath of major trauma or disease. This “existential rupture” calls (...)
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  38. Practical Medicine From Salerno to the Black Death.Luis Garcia Ballester, Roger French, Jon Arrizabalaga, Andrew Cunnigham & Piero Morpurgo - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (1):173.
     
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  39.  2
    Practice and the Science of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century.Michael Worboys - 2011 - Isis 102 (1):109-115.
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  40.  2
    The Ethics of Practicing Defensive Medicine in Jordan: A Diagnostic Study.Hassan A. E. Al-Balas & Qosay A. E. Al-Balas - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundDefensive medicine practice refers to the ordering or prescription of unnecessary treatments or tests while avoiding risky procedures for critically ill patients with the aim to alleviate the physician’s legal responsibility and preserve reputation. Although DM practice is recognized, its dimensions are still uncertain. The subject has been highly investigated in developed countries, but unfortunately, many developing countries are unable to investigate it properly. DM has many serious ramifications, exemplified by the increase in treatment costs for patients (...)
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  41.  29
    The Practical Science of Medicine.Nancy Maull - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):165-182.
    Contemporary medicine, it is argued here, employs reductive explanations, but at the same time resists wholesale reduction to ‘deeper’ biochemical and physical fields or theories. In its own reductive explanations, to be sure, medicine borrows causal concepts from other fields and so necessarily shares certain explanatory goals with those deeper fields. However, because medicine has additional, distinctive goals as well as a special subject matter and problems (it is a practical science), the field of medicine is (...)
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  42. Ethical Practice in Clinical Medicine.William J. Ellos S. J. - 1990 - Routledge.
    Increasingly, medical students are required to face up to ethical issues in their training and practice. At the same time, there is growing interest in philosophy courses in the ethical issues raised by medical practice. This textbook, designed primarily for students of medicine, develops the issues to a philosophical level complex enough to be satisfying to students of philosophy as well as MA students on applied ethics courses. The author advocates an approach to medical ethics which breaks (...)
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  43. Ethical Practice in Clinical Medicine.William J. Ellos S. J. - 1990 - Routledge.
    Increasingly, medical students are required to face up to ethical issues in their training and practice. At the same time, there is growing interest in philosophy courses in the ethical issues raised by medical practice. This textbook, designed primarily for students of medicine, develops the issues to a philosophical level complex enough to be satisfying to students of philosophy as well as MA students on applied ethics courses. The author advocates an approach to medical ethics which breaks (...)
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  44.  58
    Classical Medicine V Alternative Medical Practices.M. H. Kottow - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):18-22.
    Classical medicine operates in a climate of rational discourse, scientific knowledge accretion and the acceptance of ethical standards that regulate its activities. Criticism has centred on the excessive technological emphasis of modern medicine and on its social strategy aimed at defending exclusiveness and the privileges of professional status. Alternative therapeutic approaches have taken advantage of the eroded public image of medicine, offering treatments based on holistic philosophies that stress the non-rational, non-technical and non-scientific approach to the unwell, (...)
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  45. Medicine as Practice and Culture: The Analysis of Border Regimes and the Necessity of a Hermeneutics of Physical Bodies.Gesa Lindemann - 2007 - In Regula Valérie Burri & Joseph Dumit (eds.), Biomedicine as Culture: Instrumental Practices, Technoscientific Knowledge, and New Modes of Life. Routledge. pp. 6--47.
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  46.  30
    Multiculturalism, Medicine, and the Limits of Autonomy: The Practice of Female Circumcision.Robert L. Schwartz, David Johnson & Nan Burke - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):431.
    Television pictures of starvation and depredation are not the only way that famine and political instability in the horn of Africa have affected the United States. Many people from that region of the world are seeking political or economic refuge here, and they are exposing us to a culture that is in some ways — most notably, in the practice of female circumcision – so radically different from the prevailing American cultures that we have been stunned. They are also (...)
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  47.  8
    Personalized Medicine and Informed Consent: Clinical and Ethical Considerations for Developing a Best Practice Guideline for Biobank-Based Next Generation Sequencing in Oncology.Eva C. Winkler, Dominik Ose, Hanno Glimm, Klaus Tanner & Christof von Kalle - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):195-203.
    ZusammenfassungDie rasanten technischen Fortschritte in der Genomforschung ermöglichen heute schon die Sequenzierung des einzelnen menschlichen Genoms in wenigen Tagen und zu vertretbaren Kosten. In der Krebsforschung ermöglicht die genetische Sequenzanalyse, zunehmend die Defekte zu identifizieren, die für das Tumorwachstum bei jedem einzelnen Patienten verantwortlich sind. Auf dieser Basis können zielgerichteter Therapien entwickelt werden. Diese Forschung wirft jedoch auch neue, ethische Fragen auf. Diesen normativen Fragen widmet sich in Heidelberg das interdisziplinäre EURAT Projekt mit dem Ziel, ethisch und rechtlich informierte Lösungen (...)
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  48.  18
    Complexity in Medicine and Healthcare: People and Systems, Theory and Practice.Andrew Miles - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):409-410.
  49.  32
    Medicine Is a Science and a Normative Practice.Gerrit Glas - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (4):285-289.
    I tend to agree with Hillel Braude’s thesis that alleviation of suffering is not an aim, at least not the primary aim, of medicine. However, this thesis needs to be refined and reformulated, because it at best expresses half the truth. The other half is that it is not justifiable for doctors to pay no attention to suffering. In other words, the thesis I would have liked Braude to defend is that it is true that doctors are no experts (...)
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  50.  8
    Alternatives to War Within Medicine: From Conscientious Objection to Nonviolent Conflict About Contested Medical Practices.Abraham M. Nussbaum - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3):434-451.
    Martial metaphors shape the practice of medicine. Bioethicists who disagree participate in culture wars; public health officials who advocate declare wars on cancer and drugs; surgeons who operate map theaters and fields; physicians who enter graduate training become housestaff officers; nurses who act clinically follow doctor's orders; patients who become ill wage battles against disease. But when we figure medicine as warfare, clinicians become either dutiful combatants or conscientious objectors. Clinicians who serve the mission of medicine (...)
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