Results for 'Medicine methods'

999 found
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  1.  27
    Renato Dulbecco and the New Animal Virology: Medicine, Methods, and Molecules.Daniel J. Kevles - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):409-442.
  2.  85
    Medicine as Interpretation: The Uses of Literary Metaphors and Methods.E. L. Gogel & J. S. Terry - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (3):205-217.
    Theorists at the interface of medicine and the humanities have recently suggested that interpretation as a literary activity can be applied to the practice of clinical medicine. This article reviews such theories and their literary metaphors and methods. In pushing these ideas further, it is proposed that a number of guidelines can be applied to interpretation as a practical activity for clinical medicine.
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  3.  24
    Accounting and Medicine: An Exploratory Investigation Into Physicians' Attitudes Toward the Use of Standard Cost-Accounting Methods in Medicine[REVIEW]Greg M. Thibadoux, Marsha Scheidt & Elizabeth Luckey - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (2):137-149.
    Research studies demonstrate wide variation in how physicians diagnose and treat patients with similar medical conditions and suggest that at least some of the variation reflects inefficiencies and unnecessary medical costs. Health care researchers are actively examining ways to reduce variations in practice through standardization of medicine to reduce the cost of treatment and ensure the quality of outcomes. The most widely accepted form of this standardization is Evidence Based Best Practices. Furthermore, financial health care providers such as hospitals (...)
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  4.  10
    Accounting and Medicine: An Exploratory Investigation Into Physicians’ Attitudes Toward the Use of Standard Cost-Accounting Methods in Medicine.Greg M. Thibadoux, Marsha Scheidt & Elizabeth Luckey - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (2):137-149.
    Research studies demonstrate wide variation in how physicians diagnose and treat patients with similar medical conditions and suggest that at least some of the variation reflects inefficiencies and unnecessary medical costs. Health care researchers are actively examining ways to reduce variations in practice through standardization of medicine to reduce the cost of treatment and ensure the quality of outcomes. The most widely accepted form of this standardization is Evidence Based Best Practices. Furthermore, financial health care providers such as hospitals (...)
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  5.  3
    Research Problems and Methods in the Philosophy of Medicine.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm & Mona Gupta - 2016 - In James Marcum (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 29-62.
    Philosophy of medicine encompasses a broad range of methodological approaches and theoretical perspectives—from the uses of statistical reasoning and probability theory in epidemiology and evidence-based medicine to questions about how to recognize the uniqueness of individual patients in medical humanities, person-centered care, and values-based practice; and from debates about causal ontology to questions of how to cultivate epistemic and moral virtue in practice. Apart from being different ways of thinking about medical practices, do these different philosophical approaches have (...)
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  6.  8
    Quantum Theory Methods as a Possible Alternative for the Double-Blind Gold Standard of Evidence-Based Medicine: Outlining a New Research Program.Tomas Veloz, Rembrandt Sprundel, Sandro Sozzo, Massimiliano Bianchi, Suzette Geriente, Lester Beltran & Diederik Aerts - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (2):217-225.
    We motivate the possibility of using notions and methods derived from quantum physics, and more specifically from the research field known as ‘quantum cognition’, to optimally model different situations in the field of medicine, its decision-making processes and ensuing practices, particularly in relation to chronic and rare diseases. This also as a way to devise alternative approaches to the generally adopted double-blind gold standard.
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  7.  9
    Medicine Modern Methods in the History of Medicine. Ed. By Edwin Clarke. London: Athlone Press, 1971. Pp. Xiv + 389. £5.50. [REVIEW]William Bynum - 1973 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (3):316-317.
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  8.  18
    Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease.Philip J. van der Eijk - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to (...). This interaction was particularly striking in the study of the human soul in its relation to the body, as illustrated by approaches to specific topics such as intellect, sleep and dreams, and diet and drugs. With a detailed introduction surveying the subject as a whole and an essay on Aristotle's treatment of sleep, this wide-ranging and accessible collection is essential reading for the student of ancient philosophy and science. (shrink)
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  9.  7
    Narrative Methods for Assessing “Quality of Life” in Hand Transplantation: Five Case Studies with Bioethical Commentary.Emily R. Herrington & Lisa S. Parker - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):407-425.
    Despite having paved the way for face, womb and penis transplants, hand transplantation today remains a small hybrid of reconstructive microsurgery and transplant immunology. An exceptionally limited patient population internationally complicates medical researchers’ efforts to parse outcomes “objectively.” Presumed functional and psychosocial benefits of gaining a transplant hand must be weighed in both patient decisions and bioethical discussions against the difficulty of adhering to post-transplant medications, the physical demands of hand transplant recovery on the patient, and the serious long-term health (...)
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  10.  6
    Quantum Theory Methods as a Possible Alternative for the Double-Blind Gold Standard of Evidence-Based Medicine: Outlining a New Research Program.Diederik Aerts, Lester Beltran, Suzette Geriente, Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi, Sandro Sozzo, Rembrandt Van Sprundel & Tomas Veloz - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (2):217-225.
    We motivate the possibility of using notions and methods derived from quantum physics, and more specifically from the research field known as ‘quantum cognition’, to optimally model different situations in the field of medicine, its decision-making processes and ensuing practices, particularly in relation to chronic and rare diseases. This also as a way to devise alternative approaches to the generally adopted double-blind gold standard.
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  11.  10
    Goals and Methods of Research: The Challenge for Family Medicine.J. Shapiro - unknown
    This article suggests that motivations to engage in research, as in any other human activity, are both explicit and implicit. Explicit motivations tend to be objective and rationalist, concerned with such goals as the advancement and organization of knowledge. But implicit motivations, the 'hidden agendas' of research, also exist and can influence the objectives, methods, and conclusions of the research process. In addition, a highly affectively charged activity such as research also develops its own set of symbolic meanings, which (...)
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  12. Cognitive Enhancement: Methods, Ethics, Regulatory Challenges. [REVIEW]Nick Bostrom - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):311-341.
    Cognitive enhancement takes many and diverse forms. Various methods of cognitive enhancement have implications for the near future. At the same time, these technologies raise a range of ethical issues. For example, they interact with notions of authenticity, the good life, and the role of medicine in our lives. Present and anticipated methods for cognitive enhancement also create challenges for public policy and regulation.
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  13.  5
    Problems and Methods in the History of Medicine. Roy Porter, Andrew Wear.Thomas Broman - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):554-555.
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  14.  2
    Problems and Methods in Health Care Economics: Is Personalized Medicine an Exception?Sabine Sickinger, Katherine Payne & Wolf Rogowski - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):267-275.
    ZusammenfassungFür ökonomische Evaluationen medizinischer Leistungen steht ein etabliertes Methodenspektrum zur Verfügung. Ziel der Arbeit ist, anhand ausgewählter Aspekte herauszuarbeiten, inwieweit diese Methoden für den derzeit viel diskutierten Bereich der Personalisierten Medizin anwendbar sind bzw. welche Besonderheiten dabei auftreten und wie diese adressiert werden können. Für die vorliegende Arbeit wurde eine explorative Literaturrecherche durchgeführt. In Abgrenzung zur herkömmlichen Medizin kann je nach Blickwinkel die Personalisierte Medizin entweder hinsichtlich der physiologischen Unterschiede oder hinsichtlich der individuellen Präferenzen der Beteiligten betrachtet werden. Je nach (...)
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  15.  7
    Victorian Social Medicine: The Ideas and Methods of William Farr by John M. Eyler. [REVIEW]F. Smith - 1981 - Isis 72:143-143.
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  16.  26
    Evidence for Personalised Medicine: Mechanisms, Correlation, and New Kinds of Black Box.Mary Jean Walker, Justin Bourke & Katrina Hutchison - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (2):103-121.
    Personalised medicine has been discussed as a medical paradigm shift that will improve health while reducing inefficiency and waste. At the same time, it raises new practical, regulatory, and ethical challenges. In this paper, we examine PM strategies epistemologically in order to develop capacities to address these challenges, focusing on a recently proposed strategy for developing patient-specific models from induced pluripotent stem cells so as to make individualised treatment predictions. We compare this strategy to two main PM strategies—stratified (...) and computational models. Drawing on epistemological work in the philosophy of medicine, we explain why these two methods, while powerful, are neither truly personalised nor, epistemologically speaking, novel strategies. Both are forms of correlational black box. We then argue that the iPSC models would count as a new kind of black box. They would not rely entirely on mechanistic knowledge, and they would utilise correlational evidence in a different way from other strategies—a way that would enable personalised predictions. In arguing that the iPSC models would present a novel method of gaining evidence for clinical practice, we provide an epistemic analysis that can help to inform the practical, regulatory, and ethical challenges of developing an iPSC system. (shrink)
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  17. The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine.Eric J. Cassell - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Here is a thoroughly updated edition of a classic in palliative medicine. Two new chapters have been added to the 1991 edition, along with a new preface summarizing where progress has been made and where it has not in the area of pain management. This book addresses the timely issue of doctor-patient relationships arguing that the patient, not the disease, should be the central focus of medicine. Included are a number of compelling patient narratives. Praise for the first (...)
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  18. Technological Medicine: The Changing World of Doctors and Patients.Stanley Joel Reiser - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Advances in medicine have brought us the stethoscope, artificial kidneys, and computerized health records. They have also changed the doctor-patient relationship. This book explores how the technologies of medicine are created and how we respond to the problems and successes of their use. Stanley Joel Reiser, MD, walks us through the ways medical innovations exert their influence by discussing a number of selected technologies, including the X-ray, ultrasound, and respirator. Reiser creates a new understanding of thinking about how (...)
     
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  19.  49
    Method of Medicine. Galen - 2011 - Loeb Classical Library.
    Method of Medicine, a systematic and comprehensive account of the principles of treating injury and disease and one of Galen's greatest and most influential works.
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  20.  64
    On Medicine as a Human Science.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):79-94.
    All the powerful influences exertedby the subjective-interpersonal dimension onthe organic or technical-functional dimensionof sickness and health do not make anintersubjective test concerning medicaltherapeutic results impossible. Theseinfluences are not arbitrary; on the contrary,they obey laws that are de facto sufficientlystable to allow predictions and explanationssimilar to those of experimental sciences.While, in this respect, the rules concerninghuman action are analogous to the scientificlaws of nature, they can at any time be revokedby becoming aware of them. Law-like andreproducible regularities in the sciences ofman (...)
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  21.  24
    ‘What the Patient Wants’: An Investigation of the Methods of Ascertaining Patient Values in Evidence‐Based Medicine and Values‐Based Practice.Sarah Wieten - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):8-12.
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  22. Phenomenology and its Application in Medicine.Havi H. Carel - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):33-46.
    Phenomenology is a useful methodology for describing and ordering experience. As such, phenomenology can be specifically applied to the first person experience of illness in order to illuminate this experience and enable health care providers to enhance their understanding of it. However, this approach has been underutilized in the philosophy of medicine as well as in medical training and practice. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of phenomenology to clinical medicine. In order to describe the experience of illness, we (...)
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  23.  67
    The Importance of Values in Evidence-Based Medicine.Michael P. Kelly, Iona Heath, Jeremy Howick & Trisha Greenhalgh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):69.
    Evidence-based medicine has always required integration of patient values with ‘best’ clinical evidence. It is widely recognized that scientific practices and discoveries, including those of EBM, are value-laden. But to date, the science of EBM has focused primarily on methods for reducing bias in the evidence, while the role of values in the different aspects of the EBM process has been almost completely ignored.
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  24.  49
    Complementary and Alternative Medicine: The Challenges of Ethical Justification: A Philosophical Analysis and Evaluation of Ethical Reasons for the Offer, Use and Promotion of Complementary and Alternative Medicine[REVIEW]Marcel Mertz - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):329-345.
    With the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) increasing in western societies, questions of the ethical justification of these alternative health care approaches and practices have to be addressed. In order to evaluate philosophical reasoning on this subject, it is of paramount importance to identify and analyse possible arguments for the ethical justification of CAM considering contemporary biomedical ethics as well as more fundamental philosophical aspects. Moreover, it is vital to provide adequate analytical instruments for this task, such (...)
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  25.  5
    The Ethical Concept of Medicine as a Profession Discovery or Invention?Laurence B. McCullough - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (12):786-787.
    Rosamond Rhodes makes a persuasive case for the view that medical ethics does not derive from common morality.1 Rhodes identifies the challenge that immediately arises and its corollary: Whence the origin of medical ethics? And, should we understand medical ethics as autonomous? From the perspective of professional ethics in medicine, the first question can now be restated: Whence the origin of the ethical concept of medicine as a profession, the basis of the ethical obligations of physicians in patient (...)
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  26.  22
    Medicine as a Human Science Between the Singularity of the Patient and Technical Scientific Reproducibility.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis 1 (3):171-184.
    The often-emphasized tension between the singularity of the patient and technical–scientific reproducibility in medicine cannot be resolved without a discussion of the epistemological and methodological status of the human sciences. On the one hand, the rules concerning human action are analogous to the scientific laws of nature. They are de facto sufficiently stable to allow predictions and explanations similar to those of experimental sciences. From this point of view, it is only a trivial truth, but still a methodological irrelevancy, (...)
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  27.  23
    Medicine in John Locke's Philosophy.Miguel A. Sanchez-Gonzalez - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):675-695.
    John Locke's philosophy was deeply affected by medicine of his times. It was specially influenced by the medical thought and practice of Thomas Sydenham. Locke was a personal friend of Sydenham, expressed an avid interest in his work and shared his views and methods. The influence of Sydenham's medicine can be seen in the following areas of Locke's philosophy: his “plain historical method”; the emphasis on observation and sensory experience instead of seeking the essence of things; the (...)
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  28.  32
    Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Personalized Genomic Medicine Research: Current Literature and Suggestions for the Future.Shawneequa L. Callier, Rachel Abudu, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Mendel E. Singer, Duncan Neuhauser, Charlisse Caga-Anan & Georgia L. Wiesner - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):698-705.
    Purpose: This review identifies the prominent topics in the literature pertaining to the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by research investigating personalized genomic medicine. Methods: The abstracts of 953 articles extracted from scholarly databases and published during a 5-year period were reviewed. A total of 299 articles met our research criteria and were organized thematically to assess the representation of ELSI issues for stakeholders, health specialties, journals, and empirical studies. Results: ELSI analyses were published in both scientific (...)
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  29.  39
    Progress in Medicine: Autonomy, Oughtonomy and Nudging.Ignaas Devisch - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):857-861.
    Rationale: In this article, I argue that we need a new perspective in the debate on autonomy in medicine, to understand many of the problems we face today – dilemmas that are situated at the intersection of autonomy and heteronomy, such as why well informed and autonomous people make unhealthy lifestyle choices. If people do not choose what they want, this is not simply caused by their lack of character or capability, but also by the fact that absolute autonomy (...)
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  30. Recipes for Science: An Introduction to Scientific Methods and Reasoning.Angela Potochnik, Matteo Colombo & Cory Wright - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    There is widespread recognition at universities that a proper understanding of science is needed for all undergraduates. Good jobs are increasingly found in fields related to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Medicine, and science now enters almost all aspects of our daily lives. For these reasons, scientific literacy and an understanding of scientific methodology are a foundational part of any undergraduate education. Recipes for Science provides an accessible introduction to the main concepts and methods of scientific reasoning. With the (...)
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  31.  32
    Evidence-Based Medicine and Women: Do the Principles and Practice of EBM Further Women's Health?Wendy Rogers - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (1):50-71.
    Clinicians and policy makers the world over are embracing evidence-based medicine. The promise of EBM is to use summaries of research evidence to determine which healthcare interventions are effective and which are not, so that patients may benefit from effective interventions and be protected from useless or harmful ones. EBM provides an ostensibly rational and objective means of deciding whether or not an intervention should be provided on the basis of its effectiveness, in theory leading to fair and effective (...)
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  32.  14
    The New Holism: P4 Systems Medicine and the Medicalization of Health and Life Itself.Henrik Vogt, Bjørn Hofmann & Linn Getz - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):307-323.
    The emerging concept of systems medicine is at the vanguard of the post-genomic movement towards ‘precision medicine’. It is the medical application of systems biology, the biological study of wholes. Of particular interest, P4 systems medicine is currently promised as a revolutionary new biomedical approach that is holistic rather than reductionist. This article analyzes its concept of holism, both with regard to methods and conceptualization of health and disease. Rather than representing a medical holism associated with (...)
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  33. The Practice of Clinical Medicine as an Art and as a Science.J. Saunders - 2000 - Medical Humanities 26 (1):18-22.
    Next SectionThe practice of modern medicine is the application of science, the ideal of which has the objective of value-neutral truth. The reality is different: practice varies widely between and within national medical communities. Neither evidence from randomised controlled trials nor observational methods can dictate action in particular circumstances. Their conclusions are applied by value judgments that may be impossible to specify in “focal particulars”. Herein lies the art which is integral to the practice of medicine as (...)
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  34. Just a Paradigm: Evidence-Based Medicine in Epistemological Context.Miriam Solomon - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):451-466.
    Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) developed from the work of clinical epidemiologists at McMaster University and Oxford University in the 1970s and 1980s and self-consciously presented itself as a "new paradigm" called "evidence-based medicine" in the early 1990s. The techniques of the randomized controlled trial, systematic review and meta-analysis have produced an extensive and powerful body of research. They have also generated a critical literature that raises general concerns about its methods. This paper is a systematic review of the (...)
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  35.  49
    "Socialized Medicine", Resource Allocation and Two-Tiered Health Care – the Danish Experience.Søren Holm - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):631-637.
    This paper describes the present resource allocation problems in the Danish tax-based public health care system and presents an analysis of the two policy options put forward as a solution to these problems: (1) explicit rationing of services, and (2) the introduction of two-tiered health care. It is argued that a two-tiered system with a private second tier is unlikely to be acceptable and viable in Denmark, whereas an introduction of a second tier within the public system may be more (...)
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  36.  16
    National Traditions in Science J. V. Pickstone , Health, Disease and Medicine in Lancashire 1750–1950: Four Papers on Sources, Problems and Methods. Manchester: U.M.I.S.T., 1980. Pp. 103. £2.00. [REVIEW]Michael Neve - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (1):98-99.
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  37. Reviews : Roy Porter and Andrew Wear (Eds), Problems and Methods in the History of Medicine, Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1987, £30.00, Ix + 262 Pp. Social History of Medicine: The Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine, Volume I, Number I, April 1988, Oxford: Oxford University Press, £35.00 (£12.00) P.A. [REVIEW]Phil Nicholls - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (3):403-407.
  38.  17
    Nature and Nurture—Being the William Withering Memorial Lectures on “the Methods of Clinical Genetics,” Delivered in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Birmingham for the Year 1933.Ja Fraser Roberts - 1934 - The Eugenics Review 25 (4):271.
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  39.  12
    Probleme Und Methoden der Gesundheitsökonomie: Personalisierte Medizin Als Sonderfall?Problems and Methods in Health Care Economics: Is Personalized Medicine an Exception?Sabine Sickinger, Katherine Payne & Wolf Rogowski - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):267-275.
    ZusammenfassungFür ökonomische Evaluationen medizinischer Leistungen steht ein etabliertes Methodenspektrum zur Verfügung. Ziel der Arbeit ist, anhand ausgewählter Aspekte herauszuarbeiten, inwieweit diese Methoden für den derzeit viel diskutierten Bereich der Personalisierten Medizin anwendbar sind bzw. welche Besonderheiten dabei auftreten und wie diese adressiert werden können. Für die vorliegende Arbeit wurde eine explorative Literaturrecherche durchgeführt. In Abgrenzung zur herkömmlichen Medizin kann je nach Blickwinkel die Personalisierte Medizin entweder hinsichtlich der physiologischen Unterschiede oder hinsichtlich der individuellen Präferenzen der Beteiligten betrachtet werden. Je nach (...)
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  40.  55
    Attitudes on Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Terminal Sedation -- A Survey of the Members of the German Association for Palliative Medicine.H. C. Müller-Busch, Fuat S. Oduncu, Susanne Woskanjan & Eberhard Klaschik - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):333-339.
    Background: Due to recent legislations on euthanasia and its current practice in the Netherlands and Belgium, issues of end-of-life medicine have become very vital in many European countries. In 2002, the Ethics Working Group of the German Association for Palliative Medicine has conducted a survey among its physician members in order to evaluate their attitudes towards different end-of-life medical practices, such as euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, and terminal sedation. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to the 411 DGP (...)
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  41.  29
    Evidence-Based Medicine and Progress in the Medical Sciences.Leen De Vreese - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):852-856.
    The question what scientific progress means for a particular domain such as medicine seems importantly different from the question what scientific progress is in general. While the latter question received ample treatment in the philosophical literature, the former question is hardly discussed. I argue that it is nonetheless important to think about this question in view of the methodological choices we make. I raise specific questions that should be tackled regarding scientific progress in the medical sciences and demonstrate their (...)
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  42.  25
    How Reproductive and Regenerative Medicine Meet in a Chinese Fertility Clinic. Interviews with Women About the Donation of Embryos to Stem Cell Research.Anika Mitzkat, Erica Haimes & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):754-757.
    The social interface between reproductive medicine and embryonic stem cell research has been investigated in a pilot study at a large IVF clinic in central China. Methods included observation, interviews with hospital personnel, and five in-depth qualitative interviews with women who underwent IVF and who were asked for their consent to the donation of embryos for use in medical (in fact human embryonic stem cell) research. This paper reports, and discusses from an ethical perspective, the results of an (...)
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  43. Evaluating Complementary and Alternative Medicine: The Limits of Science and of Scientists.David J. Hufford - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):198-212.
    Science provides the most important set of tools for the evaluation of complementary and alternative medicine. Nonetheless, there are important limits in science that constrain its ability to evaluate CAM effectively. Some are the limits encountered by science in conventional medical research. Others are peculiar to this controversial topic. The most important limits are not those inherent within the basic methods of science, but rather within the culture of science — the particular ways that scientific knowledge, theory, and (...)
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  44.  43
    Evaluating Complementary and Alternative Medicine: The Limits of Science and of Scientists.David J. Hufford - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):198-212.
    My presentation was set as a counterpoint to the presentation by Lawrence Schneiderman, M.D., “Alternative Medicine or Alternatives to Medicine.”’ In this talk, Dr. Schneiderman vigorously critiqued CAM on the basis of evidence-based science as opposed to what he called “the collective romantic fantasy” of CAM. will challenge this science-versus-CAM view on the basis of several limits to science. My thesis here is: (1) the basic methods of science are as appropriate to the study of CAM as (...)
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  45.  41
    Clinical Decision-Making and Secondary Findings in Systems Medicine.T. Fischer, K. B. Brothers, P. Erdmann & M. Langanke - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):32.
    BackgroundSystems medicine is the name for an assemblage of scientific strategies and practices that include bioinformatics approaches to human biology ; “big data” statistical analysis; and medical informatics tools. Whereas personalized and precision medicine involve similar analytical methods applied to genomic and medical record data, systems medicine draws on these as well as other sources of data. Given this distinction, the clinical translation of systems medicine poses a number of important ethical and epistemological challenges for (...)
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  46.  24
    Uncertainty and Objectivity in Clinical Decision Making: A Clinical Case in Emergency Medicine.Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Sietse Wieringa & Trisha Greenhalgh - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (4):595-603.
    The evidence-based practice and evidence-based medicine movements have promoted standardization through guideline development methodologies based on systematic reviews and meta-analyses of best available research. EBM has challenged clinicians to question their reliance on practical reasoning and clinical judgement. In this paper, we argue that the protagonists of EBM position their mission as reducing uncertainty through the use of standardized methods for knowledge evaluation and use. With this drive towards uniformity, standardization and control comes a suspicion towards intuition, creativity (...)
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  47. “Snake-Oil,” “Quack Medicine,” and “Industrially Cultured Organisms:” Biovalue and the Commercialization of Human Microbiome Research. [REVIEW]Melody J. Slashinski, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Laura S. Achenbaum, Simon N. Whitney & Amy L. McGuire - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):28-.
    Background Continued advances in human microbiome research and technologies raise a number of ethical, legal, and social challenges. These challenges are associated not only with the conduct of the research, but also with broader implications, such as the production and distribution of commercial products promising maintenance or restoration of good physical health and disease prevention. In this article, we document several ethical, legal, and social challenges associated with the commercialization of human microbiome research, focusing particularly on how this research is (...)
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  48. The Ethics of Alpha: Reflections on Statistics, Evidence and Values in Medicine.R. E. G. Upshur - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):565-576.
    As health care embraces the tenets of evidence-based medicine it is important to ask questions about how evidence is produced and interpreted. This essay explores normative dimensions of evidence production, particularly around issues of setting the tolerable level of uncertainty of results. Four specific aspects are explored: what health care providers know about statistics, why alpha levels have been set at 0.05, the role of randomization in the generation of sufficient grounds of belief, and the role of observational studies. (...)
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    New Methods of Cell Physiology By Otto Heinrich Warburg.Birgit Vennesland - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6 (3):385-388.
  50.  13
    Using Brain-Computer Interfaces: A Scoping Review of Studies Employing Social Research Methods.Johannes Kögel, Jennifer R. Schmid, Ralf J. Jox & Orsolya Friedrich - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):18.
    The rapid expansion of research on Brain-Computer Interfaces is not only due to the promising solutions offered for persons with physical impairments. There is also a heightened need for understanding BCIs due to the challenges regarding ethics presented by new technology, especially in its impact on the relationship between man and machine. Here we endeavor to present a scoping review of current studies in the field to gain insight into the complexity of BCI use. By examining studies related to BCIs (...)
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