Results for 'Megan E. Keith'

997 found
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  1.  30
    Religiosity, Attitude Toward Business, and Ethical Beliefs: Hispanic Consumers in the United States. [REVIEW]Abhijit M. Patwardhan, Megan E. Keith & Scott J. Vitell - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):61-70.
    Growth of the Hispanic consumer population in America is changing the marketplace landscape. Due to their considerable buying power, a better understanding of Hispanic consumer behavior has become a necessity. The marketing literature has examined issues regarding religiosity and attitude toward business in regards to consumer ethical beliefs as well as research differentiating consumers on the basis of ethnicity due to their inherently different religious principles. Therefore, the present study contributes to the existing consumer ethics literature by examining the roles (...)
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  2.  22
    Sensitivity of fNIRS to Cognitive State and Load.Frank A. Fishburn, Megan E. Norr, Andrei V. Medvedev & Chandan J. Vaidya - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  3.  24
    Addiction Motivation Reformulated: An Affective Processing Model of Negative Reinforcement.Timothy B. Baker, Megan E. Piper, Danielle E. McCarthy, Matthew R. Majeskie & Michael C. Fiore - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):33-51.
  4.  13
    Basal Ganglia and Cortical Networks for Sequential Ordering and Rhythm of Complex Movements.Jeffery G. Bednark, Megan E. J. Campbell & Ross Cunnington - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5.  6
    Molecular Control of Lymphangiogenesis.Megan E. Baldwin, Steven A. Stacker & Marc G. Achen - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (11):1030-1040.
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  6.  11
    Distorted Beliefs About Luck and Skill and Their Relation to Gambling Problems and Gambling Behavior in Dutch Gamblers.Megan E. Cowie, Sherry H. Stewart, Joshua Salmon, Pam Collins, Mohammed Al-Hamdani, Marilisa Boffo, Elske Salemink, David de Jong, Ruby Smits & Reinout W. Wiers - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  7.  3
    Acoustic Separation and Biomedical Research: Lessons From Indian Regulation of Compensation for Research Injury.Megan E. Larkin - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (1):105-115.
    In early 2013, the Indian government introduced new rules governing the conduct of clinical trials involving human participants. Among other provisions, the law requires that sponsors of research compensate participants who are injured during the course of their research participation. This article examines the effects of India's compensation law and the efforts that policymakers in India have made to tailor the law since its passage. I use the legal concept of acoustic separation as a framework to explain and justify the (...)
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  8.  4
    The Social Value of Positive Autobiographical Memory Retrieval.Megan E. Speer & Mauricio R. Delgado - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  9.  15
    Seeing Human: Distinct and Overlapping Neural Signatures Associated with Two Forms of Dehumanization.Anthony I. Jack, Abigail J. Dawson & Megan E. Norr - 2013 - NeuroImage 79:313-328.
    The process of dehumanization, or thinking of others as less than human, is a phenomenon with significant societal implications. According to Haslam's model, two concepts of humanness derive from comparing humans with either animals or machines: individuals may be dehumanized by likening them to either animals or machines, or humanized by emphasizing differences from animals or machines. Recent work in cognitive neuroscience emphasizes understanding cognitive processes in terms of interactions between distributed cortical networks. It has been found that reasoning about (...)
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  10.  36
    The Most Brutal and Inexcusable Error in Counting?: Trinity and Consistency: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):201-217.
    The Anglican Thirty Nine Articles join catholic Christendom in affirming that: There is but one living and true God…and in unity of this Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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  11.  46
    Antecedents to the Justification of Norm Violating Behavior Among Business Practitioners.Scott J. Vitell, Megan Keith & Manisha Mathur - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (1):163 - 173.
    This study investigates the role that moral identity, religiosity, and the institutionalization of ethics play in determining the extent of justification of norm violating behavior among business practitioners. Moral justification is where a person, rather than assuming responsibility for an outcome, attempts to legitimize ethically questionable behavior. Results of the study indicate that both the internalization and symbolization dimensions of moral identity as well as intrinsic religiosity and the explicit institutionalization of ethics within the organization are significant determinants of the (...)
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  12.  63
    The Doctrine of Hell and Moral Philosophy: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):75-90.
    The doctrine of hell, stated with a little care, entails that some persons never achieve their greatest good, fail to really flourish and never reach the end for which they were created. If that doctrine is true, and it is tragic that persons never achieve their greatest good, then there are tragic states of affairs whose tragedy is never overcome.
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  13.  33
    Redefining Disease? The Nosologic Implications of Molecular Genetic Knowledge.Fiona Alice Miller, Megan E. Begbie, Mita Giacomini, Catherine Ahern & Erin A. Harvey - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):99-114.
  14.  6
    Understanding Neuronal Architecture in Obesity Through Analysis of White Matter Connection Strength.Justin W. Riederer, Megan E. Shott, Marisa Deguzman, Tamara L. Pryor & Guido K. W. Frank - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  15.  11
    A Premature Farewell to Theism: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (2):251-255.
    In an incisive critique of Professor Hick's Evil and the God of Love , Professor Puccetti claims to ‘carry the campaign as well as the battle’—i.e. to show that, with respect to evil, theists ‘are either “explaining it away” or saying it cannot be explained at all. And in both cases they are in effect admitting they have no rational defence to offer. Which means that despite appearances they really are abandoning the battlefield.’.
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  16.  15
    Religious Experience and Rational Appraisal1: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (2):173-187.
    Appeal to experience for rational justification of religious belief is probably as old as the question whether religious belief has any rational support. The issues relevant to such appeal range widely, and I will have to be content to deal with only a few of them.
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  17.  9
    Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions.John J. Curtin, Danielle E. McCarthy, Megan E. Piper & Timothy B. Baker - 2006 - In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications.
  18.  44
    A Meta-Analytic Comparison of Face-to-Face and Online Delivery in Ethics Instruction: The Case for a Hybrid Approach.E. Michelle Todd, Logan L. Watts, Tyler J. Mulhearn, Brett S. Torrence, Megan R. Turner, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (6):1719-1754.
    Despite the growing body of literature on training in the responsible conduct of research, few studies have examined the effectiveness of delivery formats used in ethics courses. The present effort sought to address this gap in the literature through a meta-analytic review of 66 empirical studies, representing 106 ethics courses and 10,069 participants. The frequency and effectiveness of 67 instructional and process-based content areas were also assessed for each delivery format. Process-based contents were best delivered face-to-face, whereas contents delivered online (...)
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  19. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):645-665.
    Much research in the last two decades has demonstrated that human responses deviate from the performance deemed normative according to various models of decision making and rational judgment (e.g., the basic axioms of utility theory). This gap between the normative and the descriptive can be interpreted as indicating systematic irrationalities in human cognition. However, four alternative interpretations preserve the assumption that human behavior and cognition is largely rational. These posit that the gap is due to (1) performance errors, (2) computational (...)
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  20.  1
    Red Light, Purple Light! Results of an Intervention to Promote School Readiness for Children From Low-Income Backgrounds.Megan M. McClelland, Shauna L. Tominey, Sara A. Schmitt, Bridget E. Hatfield, David J. Purpura, Christopher R. Gonzales & Alexis N. Tracy - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21. The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin.Keith E. Stanovich - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    The idea that we might be robots is no longer the stuff of science fiction; decades of research in evolutionary biology and cognitive science have led many esteemed scientists to the conclusion that, according to the precepts of universal Darwinism, humans are merely the hosts for two replicators that have no interest in us except as conduits for replication. Richard Dawkins, for example, jolted us into realizing that we are just survival mechanisms for our own genes, sophisticated robots in service (...)
     
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  22.  10
    The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin.Keith E. Stanovich - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Responds to the idea that humans are merely survival mechanisms for their own genes, providing the tools to advance human interests over the interests of the replicators through rational self-determination.
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  23.  5
    Classical Sanskrit Literature.Walter E. Clark & A. Berriedale Keith - 1926 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 46:76.
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  24.  3
    The Value of Ideological Diversity Among University Faculty.Keith E. Whittington - 2020 - Social Philosophy and Policy 37 (2):90-113.
    Conservatives in the United States have grown increasingly critical of universities and their faculty, convinced that professors are ideologues from the political left. Universities, for their part, have increasingly adopted a mantra of diversity and inclusivity, but have shown little interest in diversifying the political and ideological profile of their faculties. This essay argues that the lack of political diversity among American university faculty hampers the ability of universities to fulfill their core mission of advancing and disseminating knowledge. The argument (...)
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  25.  90
    The Epistemology of Religious Experience.Keith E. Yandell - 1993 - Cambridge University.
    This book addresses a fundamental question in the philosophy of religion. Can religious experience provide evidence for religious belief? If so, how? Keith Yandell argues against the notion that religious experience is ineffable, while advocating the view that strong numinous experience provides some evidence that God exists. An attractive feature of the book is that it does not confine its attention to any one religious cultural tradition, but tracks the nature of religious experience across different traditions in both the (...)
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  26.  27
    Miserliness in Human Cognition: The Interaction of Detection, Override and Mindware.Keith E. Stanovich - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (4):423-444.
    ABSTRACTHumans are cognitive misers because their basic tendency is to default to processing mechanisms of low computational expense. Such a tendency leads to suboptimal outcomes in certain types of hostile environments. The theoretical inferences made from correct and incorrect responding on heuristics and biases tasks have been overly simplified, however. The framework developed here traces the complexities inherent in these tasks by identifying five processing states that are possible in most heuristics and biases tasks. The framework also identifies three possible (...)
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  27.  1
    The Reciprocal Relationships Between Escalation, Anger, and Confidence in Investment Decisions Over Time.Alexander T. Jackson, Satoris S. Howes, Edgar E. Kausel, Michael E. Young & Megan E. Loftis - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28.  8
    Competitive Control of Cognition in Rhesus Monkeys.Mayuka Kowaguchi, Nirali P. Patel, Megan E. Bunnell & Jerald D. Kralik - 2016 - Cognition 157:146-155.
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  29.  45
    The Utility of a Brief Web-Based Prevention Intervention as a Universal Approach for Risky Alcohol Use in College Students: Evidence of Moderation by Family History.Zoe E. Neale, Jessica E. Salvatore, Megan E. Cooke, Jeanne E. Savage, Fazil Aliev, Kristen K. Donovan, Linda C. Hancock & Danielle M. Dick - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  30.  4
    Exploring the Promises and Perils of Integrated STEM Through Disciplinary Practices and Epistemologies.Brandon M. Reynante, Megan E. Selbach-Allen & Daniel R. Pimentel - 2020 - Science & Education 29 (4):785-803.
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  31.  16
    Feminism and Pragmatism: George Herbert Mead's Ethics of Care.Heather E. Keith - 1999 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 35 (2):328 - 344.
  32.  39
    Distinguishing the Reflective, Algorithmic, and Autonomous Minds: Is It Time for a Tri-Process Theory.Keith E. Stanovich - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press. pp. 55--88.
  33.  86
    Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  34.  9
    Individual Differences in Rational Thought.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (2):161-188.
  35. Dual-Process Theories of Higher Cognition Advancing the Debate.Jonathan Evans & Keith E. Stanovich - 2013 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 8 (3):223-241.
    Dual-process and dual-system theories in both cognitive and social psychology have been subjected to a number of recently published criticisms. However, they have been attacked as a category, incorrectly assuming there is a generic version that applies to all. We identify and respond to 5 main lines of argument made by such critics. We agree that some of these arguments have force against some of the theories in the literature but believe them to be overstated. We argue that the dual-processing (...)
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  36.  26
    On Priming by a Sentence Context.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (1):1-36.
  37.  14
    Hume’s “Inexplicable Mystery”: His Views on Religion.Keith E. Yandell - 1990 - Temple University Press.
    Author note: Keith E. Yandell is Professor of Philosophy and South Asian Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
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  38.  20
    Priming Without Awareness: What Was All the Fuss About?Keith E. Stanovich & Dean G. Purcell - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):47-48.
  39.  41
    Philosophy of Religion: A Contemporary Introduction.Keith E. Yandell - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Religion_ provides an account of the central issues and viewpoints in the philosophy of religion but also shows how such issues can be rationally assessed and in what ways competing views can be rationally assessed. It includes major philosophical figures in religious traditions as well as discussions by important contemporary philosophers. Keith Yandell deals lucidly and constructively with representative views from Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. This book will appeal to students of both philosophy and (...)
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  40.  12
    Understanding the Learning of Values Using a Domains-of-Socialization Framework.Julia Vinik, Megan Johnston, Joan E. Grusec & Renee Farrell - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (4):475-493.
    The narratives that emerging adults wrote about a time when they learned an important moral, value or lesson were explored in order to determine the characteristics of events that lead to internalized values as well as to compare the way different kinds of moral values are socialized. Lessons resulting from misbehavior were reported most frequently. Those involving direct teaching of values were most highly internalized, with internalization assessed by importance and current impact. Self-reflection and self-generation of values was identified as (...)
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  41.  44
    Why Humans Are (Sometimes) Less Rational Than Other Animals: Cognitive Complexity and the Axioms of Rational Choice.Keith E. Stanovich - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):1 - 26.
    (2013). Why humans are (sometimes) less rational than other animals: Cognitive complexity and the axioms of rational choice. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-26. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.713178.
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  42.  53
    Distributive Justice and Rural Healthcare: A Case for E-Health.Keith Bauer - 2003 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):241-252.
    People living in rural areas make up 20 percent of the U.S. population, but only 9 percent of physicians practice there. This uneven distribution is significant because rural areas have higher percentages of people in poverty, elderly people, people lacking health insurance coverage, and people with chronic diseases. As a way of ameliorating these disparities, e-health initiatives are being implemented. But the rural e-health movement raises its own set of distributive justice concerns about the digital divide. Moreover, even if the (...)
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  43.  25
    Defining Features Versus Incidental Correlates of Type 1 and Type 2 Processing.Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):3-13.
    Many critics of dual-process models have mistaken long lists of descriptive terms in the literature for a full-blown theory of necessarily co-occurring properties. These critiques have distracted attention from the cumulative progress being made in identifying the much smaller set of properties that truly do define Type 1 and Type 2 processing. Our view of the literature is that autonomous processing is the defining feature of Type 1 processing. Even more convincing is the converging evidence that the key feature of (...)
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  44. Conditional Assertions and "Biscuit" Conditionals.Keith DeRose & Richard E. Grandy - 1999 - Noûs 33 (3):405-420.
    kind of joke to ask what is the case if the antecedent is false—“And where are the biscuits if I don’t want any?”, “And what’s on PBS if I’m not interested?”, “And who shot Kennedy if that’s not what I’m asking?”. With normal indicative conditionals like.
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  45.  10
    Eye Movements and Identifying Words in Parafoveal Vision.Keith Rayner & Robert E. Morrison - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (3):135-138.
  46.  32
    Evolutionary Versus Instrumental Goals: How Evolutionary Psychology Misconceives Human Rationality.Keith E. Stanovich & R. F. West - 2003 - In David E. Over (ed.), Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate. Psychology Press. pp. 171--230.
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  47. Academic Integrity as an Institutional Issue.Patricia Keith-Spiegel & Bernard E. Whitley - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):325-342.
    Academic dishonesty among students is not confined to the dynamics of the classrooms in which it occurs. The institution has a major role in fostering academic integrity. Ways that institutions can have a significant impact on attitudes toward and knowledge about academic integrity as well as reducing the incidence of academic dishonesty are described. These include the content of an effective academic honesty policy, campus-wide programs designed to foster integrity, and the development of a campus-wide ethos that encourages integrity.
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  48. Thomas Reid's Inquiry and Essays Edited by Keith Lehrer and Ronald E. Beanblossom; Introd. By Ronald E. Beanblossom. --.Thomas Reid, Keith ed Lehrer & Ronald E. Beanblossom - 1975 - Bobbs-Merrill.
     
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  49.  91
    Cognitive Ability and Variation in Selection Task Performance.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (3):193-230.
    Individual differences in performance on a variety of selection tasks were examined in three studies employing over 800 participants. Nondeontic tasks were solved disproportionately by individuals of higher cognitive ability. In contrast, responses on two deontic tasks that have shown robust performance facilitationthe Drinking-age Problem and the Sears Problem-were unrelated to cognitive ability. Performance on deontic and nondeontic tasks was consistently associated. Individuals in the correct/correct cell of the bivariate performance matrix were over-represented. That is, individuals giving the modal response (...)
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  50.  34
    Normative Models in Psychology Are Here to Stay.Keith E. Stanovich - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):268-269.
    Elqayam & Evans (E&E) drive a wedge between Bayesianism and instrumental rationality that most decision scientists will not recognize. Their analogy from linguistics to judgment and decision making is inapt. Normative models remain extremely useful in the progressive research programs of the judgment and decision making field.
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