Results for 'Megha Arora'

110 found
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  1.  21
    The effect of sung speech on socio-communicative responsiveness in children with autism spectrum disorders.Arkoprovo Paul, Megha Sharda, Soumini Menon, Iti Arora, Nayantara Kansal, Kavita Arora & Nandini C. Singh - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  73
    Hospital-Based Medical-Legal Partnerships for Complex Care Patients: Intersectionality and Ethics Considerations.Megha Garg, Jennifer Oliva, Alice Lu, Marlene Martin & Sarah Hooper - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (4):764-770.
    Health systems are integrating medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) into clinical care and increasingly center “complex care” patients. These patients have intersecting medical and social needs and often face systemic inequities that exacerbate their chronic health conditions. This paper describes a role for MLPs in hospital quality initiatives; examines the ethics of MLPs assisting with guardianship and institutionalization of hospital patients including marginalized groups; and advocates for MLP interventions designed to address intersectional and ethical concerns.
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  3. Review at Amartya Sen, The Argumentative Indian.Arora Namit - 2009 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 2 (2):145-155.
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  4.  56
    AI led ethical digital transformation: framework, research and managerial implications.Kumar Saurabh, Ridhi Arora, Neelam Rani, Debasisha Mishra & M. Ramkumar - 2022 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 20 (2):229-256.
    Purpose Digital transformation leverages digital technologies to change current processes and introduce new processes in any organisation’s business model, customer/user experience and operational processes. Artificial intelligence plays a significant role in achieving DT. As DT is touching each sphere of humanity, AI led DT is raising many fundamental questions. These questions raise concerns for the systems deployed, how they should behave, what risks they carry, the monitoring and evaluation control we have in hand, etc. These issues call for the need (...)
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  5.  24
    Language-experience facilitates discrimination of /d-/ in monolingual and bilingual acquisition of English.Megha Sundara, Linda Polka & Fred Genesee - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):369-388.
  6.  13
    Female genital alteration: a compromise solution.Kavita Shah Arora & Allan J. Jacobs - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):148-154.
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  7.  63
    Pistols, pills, pork and ploughs: the structure of technomoral revolutions.Jeroen Hopster, Chirag Arora, Charlie Blunden, Cecilie Eriksen, Lily Frank, Julia Hermann, Michael Klenk, Elizabeth O'Neill & Steffen Steinert - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-33.
    The power of technology to transform religions, science, and political institutions has often been presented as nothing short of revolutionary. Does technology have a similarly transformative influence on societies’ morality? Scholars have not rigorously investigated the role of technology in moral revolutions, even though existing research on technomoral change suggests that this role may be considerable. In this paper, we explore what the role of technology in moral revolutions, understood as processes of radical group-level moral change, amounts to. We do (...)
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  8.  13
    Lexical stress constrains English-learning infants’ segmentation in a non-native language.Megha Sundara & Victoria E. Mateu - 2018 - Cognition 181 (C):105-116.
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  9.  52
    Uterus transplantation: ethical and regulatory challenges.Kavita Shah Arora & Valarie Blake - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (6):396-400.
    Moving forward rapidly in the clinical research phase, uterus transplantation may be a future treatment option for women with uterine factor infertility, which accounts for three per cent of all infertility in women. This new method of treatment would allow women, who currently rely on gestational surrogacy or adoption, to gestate and birth their own genetic offspring. Since uterus transplantation carries significant risk when compared with surrogacy and adoption as well as when compared with other organ transplants, it requires greater (...)
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  10.  18
    Biodynamic Interfaces Are Essential for Human–Environment Interactions.Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani & Paul Curtin - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (11):2000017.
    The environment impacts human health in profound ways, yet few theories define the form of the relationship between human physiology and the environment. It is conjectured that such complex systems cannot interact directly, but rather their interaction requires the formation of an intermediary “interface.” This position contrasts with current epidemiological constructs of causation, which implicitly assume that two complex systems transfer information directly while remaining separate entities. Further, it is contended that dynamic, process‐based interfaces incorporate components from all the interacting (...)
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  11.  30
    The Intensive Care Lifeboat: a survey of lay attitudes to rationing dilemmas in neonatal intensive care.C. Arora, J. Savulescu, H. Maslen, M. Selgelid & D. Wilkinson - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):69.
    BackgroundResuscitation and treatment of critically ill newborn infants is associated with relatively high mortality, morbidity and cost. Guidelines relating to resuscitation have traditionally focused on the best interests of infants. There are, however, limited resources available in the neonatal intensive care unit, meaning that difficult decisions sometimes need to be made. This study explores the intuitions of lay people regarding resource allocation decisions in the NICU.MethodsThe study design was a cross-sectional quantitative survey, consisting of 20 hypothetical rationing scenarios. There were (...)
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  12.  24
    Development of coronal stop perception: Bilingual infants keep pace with their monolingual peers.Megha Sundara, Linda Polka & Monika Molnar - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):232-242.
  13.  14
    Compensatory Jurisprudence in India: A step Forward to Rehabilitate the Victims of Various Acts and Crimes.Megha Middha, Bineet Kedia & Bhupal Bhattacharya - 2023 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 36 (3):1311-1323.
    Nirbhaya, Asifa, Manisha Valmiki, and the list of victims, (be it women, children or men) in India goes on. There is myriad of legislations enacted in the past to curb the offences, but the crimes in the society seem to be unstoppable. During the COVID time, in the lockdown too, the crimes continued to take place. There were several instances of domestic violence and rapes heard in news. Many instances of suicides were reported. It is really difficult to understand what (...)
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  14.  12
    The Attention Network Test Database: ADHD and Cross-Cultural Applications.Swasti Arora, Michael A. Lawrence & Raymond M. Klein - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  15.  20
    Young infants’ discrimination of subtle phonetic contrasts.Megha Sundara, Céline Ngon, Katrin Skoruppa, Naomi H. Feldman, Glenda Molina Onario, James L. Morgan & Sharon Peperkamp - 2018 - Cognition 178 (C):57-66.
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  16. Athāto saundaryajijñāsā.Rameśa Kuntala Megha - 1977 - Naī Dillī: Maikamilana.
     
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  17.  9
    Śila aura saundarya: Bhārateśiyā ke sāmantīya yuga meṃ bhakti evaṃ rīti viyukta mithuna.Rameśa Kuntala Megha - 2007 - Pañcakūlā, Hariyāṇā: Ādhāra Prakāśana.
    Chiefly on Indic aesthetics; includes study on symbolism in art and literature, religion and culture in India.
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  18. Kalāśāstra aura madhyakālīna bhāshikī-krāntiyāṃ.Rameśa Kuntala Megha - 1975 - Amṛtasara: Guru Nānaka Yūnivarsiṭī.
     
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  19.  38
    A survey of inverse reinforcement learning: Challenges, methods and progress.Saurabh Arora & Prashant Doshi - 2021 - Artificial Intelligence 297 (C):103500.
  20.  48
    Uterus Transplantation: The Ethics of Using Deceased Versus Living Donors.Bethany Bruno & Kavita Shah Arora - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):6-15.
    Research teams have made considerable progress in treating absolute uterine factor infertility through uterus transplantation, though studies have differed on the choice of either deceased or living donors. While researchers continue to analyze the medical feasibility of both approaches, little attention has been paid to the ethics of using deceased versus living donors as well as the protections that must be in place for each. Both types of uterus donation also pose unique regulatory challenges, including how to allocate donated organs; (...)
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  21.  37
    Truth machines: synthesizing veracity in AI language models.Luke Munn, Liam Magee & Vanicka Arora - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    As AI technologies are rolled out into healthcare, academia, human resources, law, and a multitude of other domains, they become de-facto arbiters of truth. But truth is highly contested, with many different definitions and approaches. This article discusses the struggle for truth in AI systems and the general responses to date. It then investigates the production of truth in InstructGPT, a large language model, highlighting how data harvesting, model architectures, and social feedback mechanisms weave together disparate understandings of veracity. It (...)
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  22.  62
    Discrimination of coronal stops by bilingual adults: The timing and nature of language interaction.Megha Sundara & Linda Polka - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):234-258.
  23.  20
    Broadening the Frame around Sustainability with Holistic Language: Mandela and Invictus.Poonam Arora, Gwendolyn A. Tedeschi & Janet L. Rovenpor - 2018 - Humanistic Management Journal 3 (2):233-251.
    We argue for the need for a new language for business – one that is capable of changing the current business decision-making frame of wins and losses to a frame of community and social learning. This paper outlines a classroom exercise about Nelson Mandela’s leadership, involving movies, case studies and poetry, and shows how the more holistic approach helps shift student views of the triple bottom line. Since neuroscience literature has shown that poetry can help enhance learning, students carefully study (...)
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  24.  8
    Emerging contours of geopolitics and state in the digital era.Arun Teja Polcumpally, Megha Shrivastava & Shashank S. Patel - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
    This review essay provides a critical analysis of the book ‘The Great Tech Game,’ authored by Anirudh Suri. For the analysis, other literature published in a similar area is considered and pitched the arguments against the ones made in the book. During the year this book was released, there were numerous debates on accountability and trust in frontier digital technologies like AI. These debates have reached a systemic level where the entire global community is divided into two camps headed by (...)
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  25.  28
    Consumer Complaining Behavior: a Paradigmatic Review.Swapan Deep Arora & Anirban Chakraborty - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 20 (2):113-134.
    Consumer complaining behavior (CCB) is an important stream of research and practice, as it links the domains of service failure and service recovery. CCB research, although extensive and temporally wide, exhibits a lack of concern for the underlying assumptions of scholarly inquiry. Researchers neither explicitly mention, nor consciously indicate their ontological, epistemological, and methodological assumptions. We systematically identify the extant CCB literature and map it to two well-accepted paradigmatic classifications (Burrell and Morgan 1979; Deetz Organization Science 7(2): 191–207, 1996). Normative (...)
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  26.  13
    Infants' developing sensitivity to native language phonotactics: A meta-analysis.Megha Sundara, Z. L. Zhou, Canaan Breiss, Hironori Katsuda & Jeremy Steffman - 2022 - Cognition 221 (C):104993.
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  27.  26
    Stem similarity modulates infants' acquisition of phonological alternations.Megha Sundara, James White, Yun Jung Kim & Adam J. Chong - 2021 - Cognition 209 (C):104573.
    Phonemes have variant pronunciations depending on context. For instance, in American English, the [t] in pat [pæt] and the [d] in pad [pæd] are both realized with a tap [ɾ] when the –ing suffix is attached, [pæɾɪŋ]. We show that despite greater distributional and acoustic support for the [t]-tap alternation, 12-month-olds successfully relate taps to stems with a perceptually-similar final [d], not the dissimilar final-[t]. Thus, distributional learning of phonological alternations is constrained by infants' preference for the alternation of perceptually-similar (...)
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  28.  21
    Biased generalization of newly learned phonological alternations by 12-month-old infants.James White & Megha Sundara - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):85-90.
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  29.  43
    What Brings Physicians to Disciplinary Review? A Further Subcategorization.Kavita Shah Arora, Sharon Douglas & Susan Dorr Goold - 2014 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 5 (4):53-60.
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  30.  22
    Emerging Paradigms of Corporate Social Responsibility, Regulation, and Governance: Introduction to the Thematic Symposium.Bimal Arora, Arno Kourula & Robert Phillips - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (2):265-268.
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  31.  50
    Left inferior-parietal lobe activity in perspective tasks: identity statements.Aditi Arora, Benjamin Weiss, Matthias Schurz, Markus Aichhorn, Rebecca C. Wieshofer & Josef Perner - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  11
    Proxy Assertions and Agency: The Case of Machine-Assertions.Chirag Arora - 2024 - Philosophy and Technology 37 (1):1-19.
    The world is witnessing a rise in speech-enabled devices serving as epistemic informants to their users. Some philosophers take the view that because the utterances produced by such machines can be phenomenologically similar to an equivalent human speech, and they may deliver the same function in terms of delivering content to their audience, such machine utterances should be conceptualized as “assertions”. This paper argues against this view and highlights the theoretical and pragmatic challenges faced by such a conceptualization which seems (...)
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  33.  16
    A trial of a reproductive ethics and law curriculum for obstetrics and gynaecology residents.Kavita Shah Arora - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (12):854-856.
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  34.  28
    Digital health fiduciaries: protecting user privacy when sharing health data.Chirag Arora - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):181-196.
    Wearable self-tracking devices capture multidimensional health data and offer several advantages including new ways of facilitating research. However, they also create a conflict between individual interests of avoiding privacy harms, and collective interests of assembling and using large health data sets for public benefits. While some scholars argue for transparency and accountability mechanisms to resolve this conflict, an average user is not adequately equipped to access and process information relating to the consequences of consenting to further uses of her data. (...)
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  35.  29
    Speak No Evil? Conscience and the Duty to Inform, Refer or Transfer Care.Mark P. Aulisio & Kavita Shah Arora - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (3):257-266.
    This paper argues that the type of conscience claims made in last decade’s spate of cases involving pharmacists’ objections to filling birth control prescriptions and cases such as Ms. Means and Mercy Health Partners of Michigan, and even the Affordable Care Act and the Little Sisters of the Poor, as different as they appear to be from each other, share a common element that ties them together and makes them fundamentally different in kind from traditional claims of conscience about which (...)
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  36.  18
    In Defense of Capitalism: Modern Slavery Would Be Much Worse Without It.Sarah Lilian Stephen & Punit Arora - 2023 - Business and Society 62 (3):475-481.
    Some scholars blame capitalism for the prevalence of modern slavery. However, data reveal that it is wrong to blame capitalism for a problem that long preceded it and would likely be much worse without it. We explain why this is the case.
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  37.  27
    Ethical challenges of integration across primary and secondary care: a qualitative and normative analysis.Alex McKeown, Charlotte Cliffe, Arun Arora & Ann Griffin - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):42.
    This paper explores ethical concerns arising in healthcare integration. We argue that integration is necessary imperative for meeting contemporary and future healthcare challenges, a far stronger evidence base for the conditions of its effectiveness is required. In particular, given the increasing emphasis at the policy level for the entire healthcare infrastructure to become better integrated, our analysis of the ethical challenges that follow from the logic of integration itself is timely and important and has hitherto received insufficient attention. We evaluated (...)
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  38.  10
    Environment and human health as complex interacting systems.Manish Arora - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (9):2100177.
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  39.  17
    Karaoke for social and cultural change.Payal Arora - 2006 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (3):121-130.
    This account demonstrates the key challenges faced in producing engaging educational content for information and communication technologies deployed in rural India. The ‘Stills in Sync’ project aims to enhance literacy through the revival and proliferation of popular regional folksongs with social awareness themes in rural India. This product entails the use of the Same Language Subtitling karaoke feature that won the Worldbank Development Marketplace award in 2002 and the ‘Tech Laureate’ honor from the Technology Museum of Innovation in 2003. This (...)
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  40.  6
    Perspectives of Schooling through Karaoke: A metaphorical analysis.Payal Arora - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (8):846-866.
    This paper plays with education through the analogy of karaoke to tease out the instructions of a situated educational practice. Here, Cremin's conceptualization of education as a deliberate, systematic and sustained effort is employed as a starting point to enable an understanding of educational practice between members elicited by karaoke. Using Garfinkel's ethnomethodological framework, the paper investigates modes of education through karaoke practice as part of the ‘live’ narrative, that of instructing and being instructed with the ‘curriculum’ of the event (...)
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  41.  63
    Ritual Male Infant Circumcision and Human Rights.Allan J. Jacobs & Kavita Shah Arora - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):30-39.
    Opponents of male circumcision have increasingly used human rights positions to articulate their viewpoint. We characterize the meaning of the term “human rights.” We discuss these human rights arguments with special attention to the claims of rights to an open future and to bodily integrity. We offer a three-part test under which a parental decision might be considered an unacceptable violation of a child's right. The test considers the impact of the practice on society, the impact of the practice on (...)
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  42.  10
    BioEssays 11/2020.Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani & Paul Curtin - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (11):2070111.
    Graphical AbstractWe can, for example, understand intimately how the human endocrine systems works, and likewise the chemical nature of compounds present in our environment; but the result of the interaction cannot be deduced from any simple combination of the two knowledge sets: it's not the interacting entities that we should be studying, but the process that creates the phenomena that we witness as a result of this interaction. This is the “biodynamic interface” to which Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani and (...)
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  43.  26
    Ethical considerations in uterus transplantation.Kavita Kavita Shah Arora, Jessica Woessner & Valarie Blake - forthcoming - Medicolegal and Bioethics:81.
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  44.  11
    Ethical Issues in Providing and Promoting Contraception to Women with Opioid Use Disorder.Kavita Shah Arora, Brooke Bullington, Tani Malhotra & Nadia Abbass - 2022 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 33 (2):112-123.
    Women with opioid use disorder (OUD) face unique challenges meeting their reproductive goals. Because the rate of unintended pregnancy in this population is almost 80 percent, there has been a push to increase the use of contraceptives among reproductive-aged women with OUD.1 The patient-level ethical issues of such initiatives, however, are often overlooked. This review discusses the ethical issues in two realms: obtaining contraception when it is desired and avoiding contraceptive coercion when contraception is not desired. It is important that (...)
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  45.  36
    Perspectives of Schooling through Karaoke: A metaphorical analysis.Payal Arora - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (8):846-866.
    This paper plays with education through the analogy of karaoke to tease out the instructions of a situated educational practice. Here, Cremin's conceptualization of education as a deliberate, systematic and sustained effort is employed as a starting point to enable an understanding of educational practice between members elicited by karaoke. Using Garfinkel's ethnomethodological framework, the paper investigates modes of education through karaoke practice as part of the ‘live’ narrative, that of instructing and being instructed with the ‘curriculum’ of the event (...)
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  46.  20
    Response to WHO.Kavita Shah Arora & Allan Joel Jacobs - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (9):620-620.
  47.  31
    The Invisible Pregnant Woman.Kavita Shah Arora & Jonah Fleisher - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):23-25.
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  48.  25
    Targeted Proteomics Comes to the Benchside and the Bedside: Is it Ready for Us?Anjali Arora & Kumaravel Somasundaram - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (2):1800042.
    While mass spectrometry (MS)‐based quantification of small molecules has been successfully used for decades, targeted MS has only recently been used by the proteomics community to investigate clinical questions such as biomarker verification and validation. Targeted MS holds the promise of a paradigm shift in the quantitative determination of proteins. Nevertheless, targeted quantitative proteomics requires improvisation in making sample processing, instruments, and data analysis more accessible. In the backdrop of the genomic era reaching its zenith, certain questions arise: is the (...)
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  49.  16
    Female Representation on Corporate Boards in Europe: The Interplay of Organizational Social Consciousness and Institutions.Cynthia E. Clark, Punit Arora & Patricia Gabaldon - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 180 (1):165-186.
    We examine the role of alignment between organizational social consciousness and the informal and formal institutions of a country in increasing female representation on boards. Using fixed-effects and Hausman Taylor regression methodology for endogenous covariate with panel data for the years 2006–2020, we find that the greater the alignment between organizational social consciousness and certain formal and informal institutions, the more progress there is toward gender representation on corporate boards in Europe. We also find that more socially conscious firms make (...)
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  50.  16
    Holographic Declarative Memory: Distributional Semantics as the Architecture of Memory.M. A. Kelly, Nipun Arora, Robert L. West & David Reitter - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (11):e12904.
    We demonstrate that the key components of cognitive architectures (declarative and procedural memory) and their key capabilities (learning, memory retrieval, probability judgment, and utility estimation) can be implemented as algebraic operations on vectors and tensors in a high‐dimensional space using a distributional semantics model. High‐dimensional vector spaces underlie the success of modern machine learning techniques based on deep learning. However, while neural networks have an impressive ability to process data to find patterns, they do not typically model high‐level cognition, and (...)
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