Results for 'Meghan Bankhead'

155 found
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  1. Validity study using factor analyses on the Defining Issues Test-2 in undergraduate populations.Youn-Jeng Choi, Hyemin Han, Meghan Bankhead & Stephen J. Thoma - 2020 - PLoS ONE 15 (8):e0238110.
    Introduction The Defining Issues Test (DIT) aimed to measure one’s moral judgment development in terms of moral reasoning. The Neo-Kohlbergian approach, which is an elaboration of Kohlbergian theory, focuses on the continuous development of postconventional moral reasoning, which constitutes the theoretical basis of the DIT. However, very few studies have directly tested the internal structure of the DIT, which would indicate its construct validity. Objectives Using the DIT-2, a later revision of the DIT, we examined whether a bi-factor model or (...)
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  2.  1
    Pulse: Entanglements of air and light in pandemic academia.Meghan Moe Beitiks - 2021 - Technoetic Arts 19 (3):295-299.
    Artist Meghan Moe Beitiks considers her first-person perspective of entanglements of light and air during the 2020‐21 pandemic from her position in academia and Florida.
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  3.  12
    Safety Culture in Financial Trading: An Analysis of Trading Misconduct Investigations.Meghan P. Leaver & Tom W. Reader - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (2):461-481.
    High-profile failures in financial trading have led to interest in how the culture of the industry produces risky and unethical behaviours among traders. Yet, there is no established theoretical framework for studying this: we apply safety culture theory to examine ten recent high-profile trading mishaps investigated by the UK financial regulator. The results show that the dimensions of safety culture used to understand organisational accidents in domains such as aviation also explain failures in Risk Management within financial trading organisations. This (...)
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  4.  18
    Perception of speech reflects optimal use of probabilistic speech cues.Robert A. Jacobs Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804.
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  5.  15
    The Joint Effects of Justice Climate, Group Moral Identity, and Corporate Social Responsibility on the Prosocial and Deviant Behaviors of Groups.Meghan A. Thornton & Deborah E. Rupp - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (4):677-697.
    Pulling from theories of social exchange, deonance, and fairness heuristics, this study focuses on the relationship between overall justice climate and both the prosocial and deviant behaviors of groups. Specifically, it considers two contextual boundary conditions on this effect—corporate social responsibility and group moral identity. Results from a laboratory experiment are presented, which show a significant effect for overall justice climate and a two-way interaction between overall justice climate and CSR on group-level prosocial and deviant behaviors, and a marginally significant (...)
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  6.  48
    The problem of denizenship: a non-domination framework.Meghan Benton - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (1):49-69.
  7.  14
    Incidental regulation of attraction: The neural basis of the derogation of attractive alternatives in romantic relationships.Meghan L. Meyer, Elliot T. Berkman, Johan C. Karremans & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):490-505.
  8. Empathy and Its Role in Morality.Meghan Masto - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):74-96.
    In this paper, I will argue, contra Prinz, that empathy is a crucial component of our moral lives. In particular, I argue that empathy is sometimes epistemologically necessary for identifying the right action; that empathy is sometimes psychologically necessary for motivating the agent to perform the right action; and that empathy is sometimes necessary for the agent to be most morally praiseworthy for an action. I begin by explaining what I take empathy to be. I then discuss some alleged problems (...)
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  9. Questions, answers, and knowledge- wh.Meghan Masto - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (3):395-413.
    Various authors have attempted to understand knowledge-wh—or knowledge ascriptions that include an interrogative complement. I present and explain some of the analyses offered so far and argue that each view faces some problems. I then present and explain a newanalysis of knowledge-wh that avoids these problems and that offers several other advantages. Finally I raise some problems for invariantism about knowledge-wh and I argue thatcontextualism about knowledge-wh fits nicely with a very natural understanding of the nature of questions.
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  10.  17
    Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence.Meghan Sullivan - 2018 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Should you care less about your distant future? What about events in your life that have already happened? How should the passage of time affect your planning and assessment of your life? Most of us think it is irrational to ignore the future but harmless to dismiss the past. But this book argues that rationality requires temporal neutrality.
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  11.  78
    The Tyranny of the Enfranchised Majority? The Accountability of States to their Non-Citizen Population.Meghan Benton - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (4):397-413.
    The debate between legal constitutionalists and critics of constitutional rights and judicial review is an old and lively one. While the protection of minorities is a pivotal aspect of this debate, the protection of disenfranchised minorities has received little attention. Policy-focused discussion—of the merits of the Human Rights Act in Britain for example—often cites protection of non-citizen migrants, but the philosophical debate does not. Non-citizen residents or ‘denizens’ therefore provide an interesting test case for the theory of rights as trumps (...)
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  12. A history of qualitative research in geography.Meghan Cope - 2010 - In Dydia DeLyser (ed.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Geography. Sage Publications. pp. 25.
     
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  13.  14
    The Role of Historical Science in Methodological Actualism.Meghan D. Page - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (3):461-482.
    This article examines the role of historical science in clarifying the causal structure of complex natural processes. I reject the pervasive view that historical science does not uncover natural regularities. To show why, I consider an important methodological distinction in geology between uniformitarianism and actualism; methodological actualism, the preferred method of geologists, often relies on historical reconstructions to test the stability of currently observed processes. I provide several case studies that illustrate this, including one that highlights how historical narratives can (...)
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  14.  33
    The Ethics of Interpersonal Relationships: Robert W. Firestone and Joyce Catlett, 2009, Karnac Books.Meghan A. Harris - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):301-302.
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  15.  34
    Why agent-caused actions are not lucky.Meghan Griffith - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):43-56.
    Philosophers like to worry about luck. And well they should. Luck poses potential difficulties for knowledge, moral appraisal, and freedom. The primary target of this paper will be the last of these concerns . Recent arguments from luck have been levied against libertarian accounts of free will, including agent-causal ones. One general goal of this paper will be to demonstrate the truth of an often overlooked claim about responsibility-undermining luck. Part of this task will include illustrating what is genuinely worrisome (...)
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  16. Meghan Sullivan, Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence.Travis Timmerman - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (6):690-694.
  17.  4
    More Than Words: Extra-Sylvian Neuroanatomic Networks Support Indirect Speech Act Comprehension and Discourse in Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia.Meghan Healey, Erica Howard, Molly Ungrady, Christopher A. Olm, Naomi Nevler, David J. Irwin & Murray Grossman - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Indirect speech acts—responding “I forgot to wear my watch today” to someone who asked for the time—are ubiquitous in daily conversation, but are understudied in current neurobiological models of language. To comprehend an indirect speech act like this one, listeners must not only decode the lexical-semantic content of the utterance, but also make a pragmatic, bridging inference. This inference allows listeners to derive the speaker’s true, intended meaning—in the above dialog, for example, that the speaker cannot provide the time. In (...)
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  18.  17
    “Nobody Said Anything”.Meghan Bidwell - 2013 - Philosophy Now 94:12-13.
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  19. The Minimal A-theory.Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (2):149-174.
    Timothy Williamson thinks that every object is a necessary, eternal existent. In defense of his view, Williamson appeals primarily to considerations from modal and tense logic. While I am uncertain about his modal claims, I think there are good metaphysical reasons to believe permanentism: the principle that everything always exists. B-theorists of time and change have long denied that objects change with respect to unqualified existence. But aside from Williamson, nearly all A-theorists defend temporaryism: the principle that there are temporary (...)
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  20.  6
    Shining Light on Language for, in, and as Science Content.Meghan Odsliv Bratkovich - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (7-8):769-782.
    The work of science is a linguistic act. However, like history and philosophy of science, language has frequently been isolated from science content due to factors such as school departmentalization and narrow definitions of what it means to teach, know, and do science. This conceptual article seeks to recognize and recognize—to understand and yet rethink—science content in light of the vision of science expected by academic standards. Achieving that vision requires new perspectives in science teaching and teacher education that look (...)
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  21.  1
    What is “Personal” About Personal Experience? A Call to Reflexivity for All.Meghan Halley & Colin Halverson - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (1):39-41.
    In their article, Nelson et al. (2023) raise concerns regarding the “paradox of experience” as it relates to the practice of bioethics. They argue that while experience provides individuals with in...
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  22.  19
    Currents in Contemporary Ethics.Meghan K. Talbott - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (2):316-319.
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  23.  24
    Social Working Memory: Neurocognitive Networks and Directions for Future Research.Meghan L. Meyer & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  24. Does free will remain a mystery? A response to Van Inwagen.Meghan Elizabeth Griffith - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 124 (3):261-269.
    In this paper, I argue against Peter van Inwagen’s claim (in “Free Will Remains a Mystery”), that agent-causal views of free will could do nothing to solve the problem of free will (specifically, the problem of chanciness). After explaining van Inwagen’s argument, I argue that he does not consider all possible manifestations of the agent-causal position. More importantly, I claim that, in any case, van Inwagen appears to have mischaracterized the problem in some crucial ways. Once we are clear on (...)
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  25.  1
    Systems of Pain/Networks of Resilience.Meghan Moe Beitiks & Katie Murphy - 2020 - World Futures 76 (5-7):375-382.
    Systems of Pain/Networks of Resilience is a transcript of a video, a chapter in an interdisciplinary research project. Artist Meghan Moe Beitiks interviewed people with personal or pro...
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  26.  5
    Perception of speech reflects optimal use of probabilistic speech cues.Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Robert A. Jacobs - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804-809.
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  27. The Posture of Faith.Meghan Page - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 8:227-244.
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  28. Safety Learning in Anxiety, Pavlovian Conditioned Inhibition and COVID Concerns.Meghan D. Thurston & Helen J. Cassaday - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Experimental studies of fear conditioning have identified the effectiveness of safety signals in inhibiting fear and maintaining fear-motivated behaviors. In fear conditioning procedures, the presence of safety signals means that the otherwise expected feared outcome will not now occur. Differences in the inhibitory learning processes needed to learn safety are being identified in various psychological and psychiatric conditions. However, despite early theoretical interest, the role of conditioned inhibitors as safety signals in anxiety has been under-investigated to date, in part because (...)
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  29.  26
    Alison Walker, Arthur MacGregor and Michael Hunter , From Books to Bezoars: Sir Hans Sloane and His Collections. London: The British Library, 2012. Pp. x+310. ISBN 978-0-7123-5880-4. £45.00. [REVIEW]Meghan C. Doherty - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (4):728-730.
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  30.  17
    Caesar as Salius: A Reconsideration of the Apex on Caesar's Elephant Denarius.Meghan J. DiLuzio - 2018 - American Journal of Philology 139 (2):249-276.
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  31.  20
    Upbeat and happy: Arousal as an important factor in studying attention.Meghan M. McConnell & David I. Shore - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1184-1195.
  32.  6
    Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy by Daniele Miano.Meghan DiLuzio - 2020 - American Journal of Philology 141 (2):307-310.
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  33.  5
    Meghan K. Roberts. Sentimental Savants: Philosophical Families in Enlightenment France. vi + 214 pp., figs., index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2016. $45. [REVIEW]Stéphane van Damme - 2018 - Isis 109 (1):181-182.
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  34.  19
    Reasoned agreement versus practical reasonableness: Grounding human rights in Maritain and Rawls.Meghan J. Clark - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):637-648.
  35.  2
    Sonority as a Phonological Cue in Early Perception of Written Syllables in French.Méghane Tossonian, Ludovic Ferrand, Ophélie Lucas, Mickaël Berthon & Norbert Maïonchi-Pino - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Many studies focused on the letter and sound co-occurrences to account for the well-documented syllable-based effects in French in visual (pseudo)word processing. Although these language-specific statistical properties are crucial, recent data suggest that studies which go all-in on phonological and orthographic regularities may be misguided in interpreting how – and why – readers locate syllable boundaries and segment clusters. Indeed, syllable-based effects could depend on more abstract, universal phonological constraints that rule and govern how letter and sound occur and co-occur, (...)
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  36.  84
    Free Will: The Basics.Meghan Griffith - 2013 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The question of whether humans are free to make their own decisions has long been debated and it continues to be a controversial topic today. In _Free Will: The Basics_ readers are provided with a clear and accessible introduction to this central but challenging philosophical problem. The questions which are discussed include: Does free will exist? Or is it illusory? Can we be free even if everything is determined by a chain of causes? If our actions are not determined, does (...)
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  37. Change We Can Believe In (and Assert).Meghan Sullivan - 2014 - Noûs 48 (3):474-495.
  38.  1
    From “Ought” to “Is”: Surfacing Values in Patient and Family Advocacy in Rare Diseases.Meghan C. Halley - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (12):1-3.
    In this issue, Lynch and colleagues discuss lessons learned from the “Operation Warp Speed” response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States—both about what to do and what not to do fo...
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  39.  24
    Sense and Reference of a Believer.Meghan D. Page - 2018 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):145-157.
    Pierre Duhem’s philosophy of science was criticized by several of his contemporaries for being surreptitiously influenced by his Catholic faith. In his essay “Physics of a Believer,” Duhem defends himself against this appraisal. In this paper, I detail Duhem’s argument and reconstruct his view concerning the relationship between theoretical science and religious belief. Ultimately, Duhem claims that the propositions of physical theory cannot contradict the propositions of religious belief because they do not share a domain of reference. To clarify why (...)
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  40.  81
    Modal Logic as Methodology.Meghan Sullivan - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):734-743.
  41. Freedom and trying: Understanding agent-causal exertions. [REVIEW]Meghan Griffith - 2007 - Acta Analytica 22 (1):16-28.
    In this paper, I argue that trying is the locus of freedom and moral responsibility. Thus, any plausible view of free and responsible action must accommodate and account for free tryings. I then consider a version of agent causation whereby the agent directly causes her tryings. On this view, the agent is afforded direct control over her efforts and there is no need to posit—as other agent-causal theorists do—an uncaused event. I discuss the potential advantages of this sort of view, (...)
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  42.  4
    From Expansionist Power to the Erosion of Bios in Arendt’s Interpretation of Hobbes.Meghan Robison - 2022 - Arendt Studies 6:169-195.
    This essay examines Arendt’s interpretation of Hobbes as it develops from “Expansion and the Philosophy of Power” and The Origins of Totalitarianism to The Human Condition by focusing on the role of the concept of process, and the reductive concept of life as “the life-process” in order to highlight an important way in which Arendt sees Hobbes as contributing to the valorization of the life-process in modernity. By reconstructing Arendt’s interpretation of Hobbes as it develops in these texts, I aim (...)
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  43. Problems for Temporary Existence in Tense Logic.Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (1):43-57.
    A‐theorists of time postulate a deep distinction between the present, past and future. Settling on an appropriate logic for such a view is no easy matter. This Philosophy Compass article describes one of the most vexing formal problems facing A‐theorists. It is commonly thought that A‐theories can only be formally expressed in a tense logic: a logic with operators like P and F . And it seems natural to think that we live in a world where objects come to exist (...)
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  44.  83
    An A-theory without tense operators.Meghan Sullivan - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):735-758.
    A-theorists think there is a fundamental difference between the present and other times. This concern shows up in what kinds of properties they take to be instantiated, what objects they think exist and how they formalize their views. Nearly every contemporary A-theorist assumes that her metaphysics requires a tense logic – a logic with operators like and. In this paper, I show that there is at least one viable A-theory that does not require a logic with tense operators. And I (...)
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  45. The good life method: reasoning through the big questions of happiness, faith, and meaning.Meghan Sullivan - 2022 - New York: Penguin Press.
    Notre Dame Philosophy professors Meghan Sullivan and Paul Blaschko have gone deep with that work in their wildly popular and influential undergraduate course GOD AND THE GOOD LIFE, in which they wrestle with the big questions about how to live and what makes life meaningful. Now they invite us into the classroom to tackle such issues as what justifies your beliefs, whether you should practice a religion, and what sacrifices you should make for others--as well as to investigate what (...)
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  46.  1
    Beyond “Ensuring Understanding”: Toward a Patient-Partnered Neuroethics of Brain Device Research.Meghan C. Halley, Tracy Dixon-Salazar & Anna Wexler - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (4):241-244.
    The work of Sankary et al. (2022) provides valuable insights into the experiences of participants exiting brain device research. Empirical bioethics research such as this is critical to understandi...
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  47.  13
    Verb aspect and problem solving.Meghan M. Salomon, Joseph P. Magliano & Gabriel A. Radvansky - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):134-139.
  48. The Eighth Amendment and its Future in a New Age of Punishment.Meghan J. Ryan & William W. Berry Iii (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a theoretical and practical exploration of the constitutional bar against cruel and unusual punishments, excessive bail, and excessive fines. It explores the history of this prohibition, the current legal doctrine, and future applications of the Eighth Amendment. With contributions from the leading academics and experts on the Eighth Amendment and the wide range of punishments and criminal justice actors it touches, this volume addresses constitutional theory, legal history, federalism, constitutional values, the applicable legal doctrine, punishment theory, prison (...)
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  49.  4
    Thomist or Tumblrist: Comments on the Compatibility of Evolution and Design by E. V. R. Kojonen.Meghan D. Page - 2022 - Zygon 57 (4):1037-1050.
    This article engages Kojonen's discussion of scientific explanation. Kojonen claims the best way to conceptualize the relationship between evolutionary explanations and explanation by design is through the proximate-ultimate distinction and the levels metaphor. However, these are not robust explanatory models but examples of how one might differentiate ambiguous explananda contained in why-questions. Disambiguating explananda is a helpful tool for determining when a situation calls for further explanation; however, on this picture, that some further explanation is needed does not, as proponents (...)
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  50.  33
    Speech and Knowledge.Meghan Robison - 2010 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 31 (1):11-24.
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