Results for 'Melanie P. Donley-Fletcher'

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  1.  28
    Ethical Issues in Intraoperative Neuroscience Research: Assessing Subjects’ Recall of Informed Consent and Motivations for Participation.Anna Wexler, Rebekah J. Choi, Ashwin G. Ramayya, Nikhil Sharma, Brendan J. McShane, Love Y. Buch, Melanie P. Donley-Fletcher, Joshua I. Gold, Gordon H. Baltuch, Sara Goering & Eran Klein - 2022 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 13 (1):57-66.
    BackgroundAn increasing number of studies utilize intracranial electrophysiology in human subjects to advance basic neuroscience knowledge. However, the use of neurosurgical patients as human research subjects raises important ethical considerations, particularly regarding informed consent and undue influence, as well as subjects’ motivations for participation. Yet a thorough empirical examination of these issues in a participant population has been lacking. The present study therefore aimed to empirically investigate ethical concerns regarding informed consent and voluntariness in Parkinson’s disease patients undergoing deep brain (...)
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  2.  22
    The Dark Side of Cultural Intelligence: Exploring Its Impact on Opportunism, Ethical Relativism, and Customer Relationship Performance.Melanie P. Lorenz, Jase R. Ramsey, James “Mick” Andzulis & George R. Franke - 2020 - Business Ethics Quarterly 30 (4):552-590.
    ABSTRACTEmployees who possess cross-cultural capabilities are increasingly sought after due to unparalleled numbers of cross-cultural interactions. Previous research has primarily focused on the bright side of these capabilities, including important individual and work outcomes. In contrast, the purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the cross-cultural capability of cultural intelligence can lead to both positive and negative outcomes. Applying the general theory of confluence, we propose that expatriates high in CQ excel in customer relationship performance, while simultaneously behaving opportunistically. (...)
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  3.  35
    Gender Jihad: Muslim Women, Islamic Jurisprudence, and Women's rights.Melanie P. Mejia - 2007 - Kritike 1 (1):1-24.
    Muslim women's rights have been a topic of discussion and debate over the past few decades, and with a good reason. Islamic Law is considered by many as patriarchal and particularly oppressive to women, and yet there are also others-Muslim women-who have rigorously defended their religion by claiming that Islam is the guarantor par excellence of women's rights. A big question begs to be answered: is Islam particularly oppressive to women?The Qur'an has addressed women's issues fourteen hundred years ago by (...)
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  4.  3
    Patient Perceptions on the Advancement of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Sickle Cell Disease among Black Women in the United States.Shameka P. Thomas, Faith E. Fletcher, Rachele Willard, Tiara Monet Ranson & Vence L. Bonham - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics.
    Background Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) designed to screen for fetal genetic conditions, is increasingly being implemented as a part of routine prenatal care screening in the United States (US). However, these advances in reproductive genetic technology necessitate empirical research on the ethical and social implications of NIPT among populations underrepresented in genetic research, particularly Black women with sickle cell disease (SCD).Methods Forty (N = 40) semi-structured interviews were conducted virtually with Black women in the US (19 participants with SCD; 21 (...)
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  5. Spiritual Leadership as a Paradigm for Organizational Transformation and Recovery from Extended Work Hours Cultures.Louis W. Fry & Melanie P. Cohen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):265 - 278.
    Various explanations are offered to explain why employees increasingly work longer hours: the combined effects of technology and globalization; people are caught up in consumerism; and the "ideal worker norm," when professionals expect themselves and others to work longer hours. In this article, we propose that the processes of employer recruitment and selection, employee self-selection, cultural socialization, and reward systems help create extended work hours cultures (EWHC) that reinforce these trends. Moreover, we argue that EWHC organizations are becoming more prevalent (...)
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  6.  8
    Positive affect increases secondary control among causally uncertain individuals.Stephanie J. Tobin & Melanie P. George - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (3):401-415.
  7.  36
    Exploring implicit and explicit aspects of sense of agency.P. C. Fletcher J. W. Moore, D. Middleton, P. Haggard - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1748.
    Sense of agency refers to the sense of initiating and controlling actions in order to influence events in the outside world. Recently, a distinction between implicit and explicit aspects of sense of agency has been proposed, analogous to distinctions found in other areas of cognition, notably learning. However, there is yet no strong evidence supporting separable implicit and explicit components of sense of agency. The so-called ‘Perruchet paradigm’ offers one of the few convincing demonstrations of separable implicit and explicit learning (...)
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  8.  13
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Dialysis for Schizophrenia: Consent & Costs.S. Charles Schulz, Daniel P. Van Kammen & John C. Fletcher - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (2):10.
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  9. Kinsenas, Katapusan: The Lived Experiences and Challenges Faced by Single Mothers.Melanie Kyle Baluyot, Franz Cedrick Yapo, Jonadel Gatchalian, Janelle Jose, Kristian Lloyd Miguel P. Juan, John Patrick Tabiliran & Jhoselle Tus - 2023 - Psychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journal 7 (1):182-188.
    A single mother is a person who is accountable for raising their children alone because they do not have a husband or live-in partner. Single mothers claim to have no co-parenting relationships at all, comparing single parents to those who are married, cohabiting, or without children, single parents experience the worst work-life balance. A single parent may feel overwhelmed by the demands of juggling child care, a career, paying bills, and maintaining household responsibilities. Single-parent households frequently deal with several extra (...)
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  10. Ketamine effects on memory reconsolidation favor a learning model of delusions.P. R. Corlett, V. Cambridge, J. M. Gardner, J. S. Piggot, D. C. Turner, J. C. Everitt, F. S. Arana, H. L. Morgan, A. L. Milton, J. L. Lee, M. R. Aitken, A. Dickinson, B. J. Everitt, A. R. Absalom, R. Adapa, N. Subramanian, J. R. Taylor, J. H. Krystal & P. C. Fletcher - 2013 - PLoS ONE 8 (6):e65088.
  11.  50
    The Basic Concepts of Legal Thought.George P. Fletcher - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    In this one-of-a-kind text, George P. Fletcher, a renowned legal theorist, offers a provocative yet accessible overview of the basics of legal thought. The first section of the book is designed to introduce the reader to fundamental concepts such as the rule of law and deciding cases under the law. It continues with an analysis of the values of justice, desert, consent, and equality, as they figure into our judgment of legal cultures in terms of soundness and legitimacy. The (...)
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  12.  9
    Basic Concepts of Criminal Law.George P. Fletcher - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In the United States today criminal justice can vary from state to state, as various states alter the Modern Penal Code to suit their own local preferences and concerns. In Eastern Europe, the post-Communist countries are quickly adopting new criminal codes to reflect their specific national concerns as they gain autonomy from what was once a centralized Soviet policy. As commonalities among countries and states disintegrate, how are we to view the basic concepts of criminal law as a whole? Eminent (...)
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  13.  24
    Constructing a theory of impossible attempts.George P. Fletcher - 1986 - Criminal Justice Ethics 5 (1):53-69.
  14.  33
    The recidivist premium.George P. Fletcher - 1982 - Criminal Justice Ethics 1 (2):54-59.
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  15. Political theory and criminal law.George P. Fletcher - 2006 - Criminal Justice Ethics 25 (1):18-38.
  16.  8
    Criminal theory as an international discipline: Reflections on the 1984 Freiburg workshop.George P. Fletcher - 1985 - Criminal Justice Ethics 4 (1):60-77.
  17.  7
    A trial in Germany.George P. Fletcher - 1999 - Criminal Justice Ethics 18 (1):3-12.
  18.  17
    Rights and excuses.George P. Fletcher - 1984 - Criminal Justice Ethics 3 (2):17-27.
  19.  9
    Responses to the critiques of the grammar of criminal law.George P. Fletcher - 2008 - Criminal Justice Ethics 27 (1):99-103.
  20.  32
    The commonality of loyalty and tolerance.George P. Fletcher - 1993 - Criminal Justice Ethics 12 (1):68-70.
  21.  17
    The ongoing soviet debate about the presumption of innocence.George P. Fletcher - 1984 - Criminal Justice Ethics 3 (1):69-75.
  22.  70
    Other minds in the brain: a functional imaging study of "theory of mind" in story comprehension.P. C. Fletcher, F. Happé, U. Frith, S. C. Baker, R. J. Dolan, R. S. Frackowiak & C. D. Frith - 1995 - Cognition 57 (2):109-128.
  23. Fairness and Utility in Tort Theory.George P. Fletcher - 1972 - Harvard Law Review 85 (3):537-573.
    Professor Fletcher challenges the traditional account of the development of tort doctrine as a shift from an unmoral standard of strict liability for directly causing harm to a moral standard based on fault. He then sets out two paradigms of liability to serve as constructs for understanding competing ideological viewpoints about the proper role of tort sanctions. He asserts that the paradigm of reciprocity, which looks only to the degree of risk imposed by the parties to a lawsuit on (...)
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  24.  67
    Defensive Force as an Act of Rescue: GEORGE P. FLETCHER.George P. Fletcher - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):170-179.
    Jewish law takes an approach to self-defense that differs dramatically from the conventional assumptions of Western secular legal systems. The central theme of Talmudic jurisprudence is that self-defense rests on a duty not to stand idly by while one's neighbor suffers. “Do not stand on the blood of one's neighbor,” as the point is cryptically put in Leviticus 19:16. This way of thinking about self-defense departs in two significant ways from common Western assumptions. First, it stresses that the roots of (...)
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  25.  42
    Quality control for hospitals' clinical ethics services: proposed standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations , which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that (...)
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  26.  55
    IIT, half masked and half disfigured.Giulio Tononi, Melanie Boly, Matteo Grasso, Jeremiah Hendren, Bjorn E. Juel, William G. P. Mayner, William Marshall & Christof Koch - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    The target article misrepresents the foundations of integrated information theory and ignores many essential publications. It, thus, falls to this lead commentary to outline the axioms and postulates of IIT and correct major misconceptions. The commentary also explains why IIT starts from phenomenology and why it predicts that only select physical substrates can support consciousness. Finally, it highlights that IIT's account of experience – a cause–effect structure quantified by integrated information – has nothing to do with “information transfer.”.
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  27. Human cognition during Rem sleep and the activity profile within frontal and parietal cortices. A reappraisal of functional neuroimaging data.Pierre Maquet, P. Ruby, A. Maudoux, G. Albouy, V. Sterpenich, T. Dan-Vu, M. Desseilles, Melanie Boly, Fabien Perrin, Philippe Peigneux & Steven Laureys - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  28. The grammar of criminal law: American, comparative, and international.George P. Fletcher - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Grammar of Criminal Law is a 3-volume work that addresses the field of international and comparative criminal law, with its primary focus on the issues of international concern, ranging from genocide, to domestic efforts to combat terrorism, to torture, and to other international crimes. The first volume is devoted to foundational issues. The Grammar of Criminal Law is unique in its systematic emphasis on the relationship between language and legal theory; there is no comparable comparative study of legal language. (...)
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  29.  10
    Romantics at War: Glory and Guilt in the Age of Terrorism.George P. Fletcher - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
    America is at war with terrorism. Terrorists must be brought to justice.We hear these phrases together so often that we rarely pause to reflect on the dramatic differences between the demands of war and the demands of justice, differences so deep that the pursuit of one often comes at the expense of the other. In this book, one of the country's most important legal thinkers brings much-needed clarity to the still unfolding debates about how to pursue war and justice in (...)
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  30.  13
    Quality Control for Hospitals' Clinical Ethics Services: Proposed Standards.Cavin P. Leeman, John C. Fletcher, Edward M. Spencer & Sigrid Fry-Revere - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):257-268.
    Hospital ethics committees have become widespread over the last 25 years, stimulated by the Quinlan decision of the New Jersey Supreme Court, the report of a President's Commission, and most recently by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations, which now man dates that each hospital seeking accreditation have a functioning process for the consideration of ethical issues in patient care. Laws and regulations in several states require that hospitals establish ethics committees, and some states stipulate that certain (...)
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  31.  62
    The Case for Tolerance: GEORGE P. FLETCHER.George P. Fletcher - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):229-239.
    For people to live together in pluralistic communities, they must find someway to cope with the practices of others that they abhor. For that reason, tolerance has always seemed an appealing medium of accommodation. But tolerance also has its critics. One wing charges that the tolerant are too easygoing. They are insensitive to evil in their midst. At the same time, another wing attacks the tolerant for being too weak in their sentimentsof respect. “The Christian does not wish to be (...)
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  32. Loyalty: An Essay on the Morality of Relationships.George P. Fletcher - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (2):241-250.
     
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  33.  76
    Sense of agency in health and disease: a review of cue integration approaches. [REVIEW]James W. Moore & P. C. Fletcher - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):59-68.
    Sense of agency is a compelling but fragile experience that is augmented or attenuated by internal signals and by external cues. A disruption in SoA may characterise individual symptoms of mental illness such as delusions of control. Indeed, it has been argued that generic SoA disturbances may lie at the heart of delusions and hallucinations that characterise schizophrenia. A clearer understanding of how sensorimotor, perceptual and environmental cues complement, or compete with, each other in engendering SoA may prove valuable in (...)
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  34.  25
    Basic concepts of legal thought.George P. Fletcher - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In this one-of-a-kind text, George P. Fletcher, a renowned legal theorist, offers a provocative yet accessible overview of the basics of legal thought. The first section of the book is designed to introduce the reader to fundamental concepts such as the rule of law and deciding cases under the law. It continues with an analysis of the values of justice, desert, consent, and equality, as they figure into our judgment of legal cultures in terms of soundness and legitimacy. The (...)
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  35.  15
    Rethinking criminal law.George P. Fletcher - 1978 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This is a reprint of a book first published by Little, Brown in 1978. George Fletcher is working on a new edition, which will be published by Oxford in three volumes, the first of which is scheduled to appear in January of 2001. Rethinking Criminal Law is still perhaps the most influential and often cited theoretical work on American criminal law. This reprint will keep this classic work available until the new edition can be published.
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  36.  53
    Punishment and self-defense.George P. Fletcher - 1989 - Law and Philosophy 8 (2):201 - 215.
  37.  89
    The Right to Life.George P. Fletcher - 1980 - The Monist 63 (2):135-155.
    In the theory of rights we repeatedly encounter the problem of reconciling someone’s having a right, with his properly suffering damage to the interest protected by the right. In the case of right to life, we have to assess numerous cases in which individuals are killed or allowed to die, and yet we wish nonetheless to affirm their right to life. These cases include killing an aggressor in self-defense, accidental homicide, terminating life-sustaining therapy, and capital punishment.
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  38. Genetically Modified Foods: Golden Rice.Kristen Hessler, Ross Whetten, Carol Loopstra, Sharon Shriver, Karen Pesaresi Penner, Robert Zeigler, Jacqueline Fletcher, Melanie Torre & Gary Comstock - 2010 - In Gary Comstock (ed.), Life Science Ethics, 2nd ed. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 387-397.
  39.  13
    How patients and nurses experience the acute care psychiatric environment.Mona M. Shattell, Melanie Andes & Sandra P. Thomas - 2008 - Nursing Inquiry 15 (3):242-250.
    How patients and nurses experience the acute care psychiatric environment The concept of the therapeutic milieu was developed when patients’ hospitalizations were long, medications were few, and one‐to‐one nurse–patient interactions were the norm. However, it is not clear how the notion of ‘therapeutic milieu’ is experienced in American acute psychiatric environments today. This phenomenological study explored the experience of patients and nurses in an acute care psychiatric unit in the USA, by asking them, ‘What stands out to you about this (...)
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  40.  26
    The search for synthesis in tort theory.George P. Fletcher - 1983 - Law and Philosophy 2 (1):63 - 88.
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  41. Patterns of cerebral blood flow associated with hallucination types.P. C. Fletcher - 1995 - Cognition 57:109.
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  42.  44
    Comparing Aging and Fitness Effects on Brain Anatomy.Mark A. Fletcher, Kathy A. Low, Rachel Boyd, Benjamin Zimmerman, Brian A. Gordon, Chin H. Tan, Nils Schneider-Garces, Bradley P. Sutton, Gabriele Gratton & Monica Fabiani - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  43.  2
    Concepte de bază ale justiției penale.George P. Fletcher, Igor Dolea & Dragoș Blănaru - 2001
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  44.  14
    Collective Guilt and Collective Punishment.George P. Fletcher - 2004 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 5 (1):163-178.
    Attitudes toward collective guilt in the Middle East require us to take a closer look at guilt in the Bible. It turns out the text of Genesis is conflicted. Some passages support a theory of guilt linked with the inevitability of cleansing and punishment; other passages appear to treat guilt as a psychological state that might be cured by a confession of sins. The tension is important today in trying to understand whether the collective guilt of nations should also entail (...)
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  45.  5
    Criminal Theory in the Twentieth Century.George P. Fletcher - 2001 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 2 (1).
    The theoretical inquiry into the foundations of criminal law in the twentieth century, in both civil and common law traditions, is assayed by the consideration of seven main currents or trends. First, the structure of offenses is examined in light of the bipartite, tripartite, and quadripartite modes of analysis. Second, competing theories of culpability - normative and descriptive - are weighed in connection with their important ramifications for the presumption of proof and the allocation of the burden of persuasion on (...)
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  46.  22
    God's image and egalitarian politics.George P. Fletcher - 2004 - Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (1):310-321.
    These days, American politicians are loath to cite biblical passages for fear of being charged with breaching the wall between church and state. There was a time when a presidential candidate could claim that a certain monetary policy would “crucify us on a cross of gold.” This kind of rhetoric is now taboo. America's national leaders even avoid quoting the religious phrases from the Declaration of Independence, particularly its references to the “Creator” or “Nature's God.” Although in the past some (...)
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  47.  3
    Loyalty.George P. Fletcher - 2010 - In Dennis Patterson (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 513–520.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Loyalty and Partiality Loyalty: Unilateral and Reciprocal Contract and History Individualism and Communitarianism Loyalty in the Legal Culture Loyalty and Its Critics References.
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  48.  3
    Punishment and Responsibility.George P. Fletcher - 2010 - In Dennis Patterson (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 504–512.
    This chapter contains sections titled: What I s Punishment? Purposes of Punishment An Alternative Theory of Punishment Responsibility References.
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  49.  35
    10. The Instability of Tolerance.George P. Fletcher - 1998 - In David Heyd (ed.), Toleration: An Elusive Virtue. Princeton University Press. pp. 158-172.
  50.  31
    Supporting Second Victims of Patient Safety Events: Shouldn't These Communications Be Covered by Legal Privilege?Mélanie E. de Wit, Clifford M. Marks, Jeffrey P. Natterman & Albert W. Wu - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):852-858.
    Adverse events that harm patients can also have a harmful impact on health care workers. A few health care organizations have begun to provide psychological support to these Second Victims, but there is uncertainty over whether these discussions are admissible as evidence in malpractice litigation or disciplinary proceedings. We examined the laws governing the admissibility of these communications in 5 states, and address how the laws might affect participation in programs designed to support health care workers involved in adverse events. (...)
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