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Melinda A. Roberts [18]Melinda Allien Roberts [1]
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Melinda A. Roberts
The College of New Jersey
  1.  9
    Child Versus Childmaker: Future Persons and Present Duties in Ethics and the Law.Melinda A. Roberts - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Child Versus Childmaker investigates a "person-affecting" approach to ethical choice. A form of consequentialism, this approach is intended to capture the idea that agents ought both do the most good that they can and respect each person as distinct from each other. Focusing on cases in which a conflict of interest arises between "childmakers"—parents, infertility specialists, embryologists, and others engaged in the task of bringing new people into existence—and the children they aim to create, the author considers what we today (...)
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  2. The Asymmetry: A Solution.Melinda A. Roberts - 2011 - Theoria 77 (4):333-367.
    The Asymmetry consists of two claims. (A) That a possible person's life would be abjectly miserable –less than worth living – counts against bringing that person into existence. But (B) that a distinct possible person's life would be worth living or even well worth living does not count in favour of bringing that person into existence. In recent years, the view that the two halves of the Asymmetry are jointly untenable has become increasingly entrenched. If we say all persons matter (...)
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  3. An Asymmetry in the Ethics of Procreation.Melinda A. Roberts - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):765-776.
    According to the Asymmetry, it is wrong to bring a miserable child into existence but permissible not to bring a happy child into existence. When it comes to procreation, we don’t have complete procreative liberty. But we do have some discretion. The Asymmetry seems highly intuitive. But a plausible account of the Asymmetry has been surprisingly difficult to provide, and it may well be that most moral philosophers – or at least most consequentialists – think that all reasonable efforts to (...)
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  4. Can It Ever Be Better Never to Have Existed at All? Person-Based Consequentialism and a New Repugnant Conclusion.Melinda A. Roberts - 2003 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):159–185.
  5. The Non-Identity Fallacy: Harm, Probability and Another Look at Parfit’s Depletion Example.Melinda A. Roberts - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (3):267-311.
    The non-identity problem is really a collection of problems having distinct logical features. For that reason, non-identity problems can be typed. This article focuses on just one type of non-identity problem, the problem, which includes Derek Parfit's depletion example and many others. The can't-expect-better problem uses an assessment about the low probability of any particular person's coming into existence to reason that an earlier wrong act does not harm that person. This article argues that that line of reasoning is unusually (...)
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  6. Abortion and the Moral Significance of Merely Possible Persons.Melinda A. Roberts - 2010 - Springer.
  7.  47
    The Nonidentity Problem and the Two Envelope Problem: When is One Act Better for a Person Than Another?Melinda A. Roberts - 2009 - In David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.), Harming Future Persons. Springer. pp. 201--228.
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  8. Is the Person-Affecting Intuition Paradoxical?Melinda A. Roberts - 2003 - Theory and Decision 55 (1):1-44.
    This article critically examines some of the inconsistency objections that have been put forward by John Broome, Larry Temkin and others against the so-called "person-affecting," or "person-based," restriction in normative ethics, including "extra people" problems and a version of the nonidentity problem from Kavka and Parfit. Certain Pareto principles and a version of the "mere addition paradox" are discussed along the way. The inconsistencies at issue can be avoided, it is argued, by situating the person-affecting intuition within a non-additive form (...)
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  9.  51
    Is a Person-Affecting Solution to the Nonidentity Problem Impossible? Axiology, Accessibility and Additional People.Melinda A. Roberts - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (2-3):200-228.
    This paper considers two objections based in axiological considerations against the position that whether a given outcome, or possible future or world, is morally worse than a second world may depend in part on what is going on at a third world. Such a wide-angled approach to determining worseness is critical to the solution I have previously proposed in connection with the nonidentity problem. I argue that both objections fail.
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  10.  22
    Good Intentions and a Great Divide: Having Babies by Intending Them. [REVIEW]Melinda A. Roberts - 1993 - Law and Philosophy 12 (3):287 - 317.
    Thus, there is a compelling policy argument as well as a suggestive constitutional argument that the practice of selling parental rights in general, and in particular the practice of commercial surrogacy, should not be permitted. These arguments favor the approach adopted in New York State as opposed to any more latitudinarian approach that would permit commercial surrogacy. Clearly, if the payment of money in exchange for parental rights should be prohibited, then we have a strong basis on which to reject (...)
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  11.  10
    Supernumerary Pregnancies, the Harm Issue and the Limits of Constitutional Privacy.Melinda A. Roberts - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (Supplement):105-117.
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  12.  9
    Why Wear Blinders? Boonin and the Narrow Approach to the Non-Identity Problem.Melinda A. Roberts - 2019 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 7.
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  13.  28
    Nils Holtug, Persons, Interests, and Justice , Pp. X + 356.Melinda A. Roberts - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (4):483-486.
  14.  15
    Weinberg, Rivka. The Risk of a Lifetime: How, When, and Why Procreation May Be Permissible.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. 263. $65.00. [REVIEW]Melinda A. Roberts - 2017 - Ethics 127 (2):512-517.
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  15.  10
    Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement, Written by Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu.Melinda A. Roberts - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (6):751-754.
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  16.  14
    Does the Non-Identity Problem Imply a Double Standard for Physicians and Patients?Melinda A. Roberts - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):38 - 39.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 38-39, August 2012.
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  17.  12
    Present Duties and Future Persons: When Are Existence-Inducing Acts Wrong? [REVIEW]Melinda A. Roberts - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (3/4):297 - 327.
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  18.  6
    A Way of Looking at the Dalla Corte Case.Melinda A. Roberts - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (4):339-342.
    When her baby was born last June, Rossana Dalla Corte, age sixty-two, was thought to be the oldest woman ever to have given birth. Her pregnancy was achieved at a private fertility clinic in Italy, the same clinic that treated “Jennifer F.,” a London woman who, on Christmas day, 1993, at the age of fifty-nine, gave birth to twins. The reproductive procedure, likely to become more common during the next few years, has received intense scrutiny from health officials in Great (...)
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