Results for 'Melissa A. Hughes'

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  1.  17
    Regret in the Context of Unobtained Rewards in Criminal Offenders.Melissa A. Hughes, Mairead C. Dolan & Julie C. Stout - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (5):913-925.
    In this study, we investigated whether differences in the experience of regret may be a potential explanation for damaging behaviours associated with psychopathy and criminal offending. Participants were incarcerated offenders (n = 60) and non-incarcerated controls (n = 20). Psychopathic traits were characterised with the Psychopathic Checklist: Screening Version. Regret was assessed by responses to outcomes on a simulated gambling task. Incarcerated offenders experienced a reduced sense of regret as compared to non-incarcerated controls. We obtained some evidence that specific psychopathic (...)
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  2.  29
    Infants' Understanding of False Labeling Events: The Referential Roles of Words and the Speakers Who Use Them.Melissa A. Koenig & Catharine H. Echols - 2003 - Cognition 87 (3):179-208.
  3.  28
    Living Ethically, Acting Politically.Melissa A. Orlie - 1997 - Cornell University Press.
    Political scientist Melissa Orlie asks what it means to live freely and responsibly when advantages are distributed disproportionately according to race, gender ...
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  4.  10
    Production Constraints on Learning Novel Onset Phonotactics.Melissa A. Redford - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):785-816.
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  5.  32
    The Role of Social Cognition in Early Trust.Melissa A. Koenig & Paul L. Harris - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):457-459.
  6. Selective Trust in Testimony: Children's Evaluation of the Message, the Speaker, and the Speech Act.Melissa A. Koenig - 2010 - In T. Szabo Gendler & J. Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--253.
     
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  7.  30
    The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources?Melissa A. Koenig & Paul L. Harris - 2007 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 4 (3):264-284.
    ABSTRACTWhat is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
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  8.  28
    There Is No Alternative.Melissa A. Orlie - 2009 - Theory and Event 12 (2).
  9. The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources?Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig - 2007 - Episteme 4 (3):264-284.
    What is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
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  10.  3
    The Emergence of Discrete Perceptual-Motor Units in a Production Model That Assumes Holistic Phonological Representations.Maya Davis & Melissa A. Redford - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  11.  27
    The Desire for Freedom and the Consumption of Politics.Melissa A. Orlie - 2002 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (4):395-417.
    In this essay I argue that commodity consumption is to the regime of political capitalism at the turn of this century what Michel Foucault claimed for discourses of sexuality in the bio-political state. If I am right, then understanding contemporary subjectivities requires granting greater political credence to practices of commodity consumption than they generally receive and a correlative paradigm shift in our notion of desire - from discourses of sexuality to erotics of appetite. But whatever 'ethical substance' we focus upon (...)
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  12.  19
    Impersonal Matter.Melissa A. Orlie - 2010 - In Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Duke University Press. pp. 116--38.
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  13.  2
    Contested Images of Femininity: An Analysis of Cultural Gatekeepers' Struggles with the “Real Girl” Critique.Melissa A. Milkie - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (6):839-859.
    This research illuminates struggles over cultural definitions of femininity by examining how cultural gatekeepers respond to girls' vocal critique of inauthentic media images. Interviews with 10 editors at two national girls' magazine organizations provide a rare glimpse into their contradictory responses to requests for depicting “real girls.” Editors legitimate and share in the critique, claiming they should change images but cannot. In these accounts, they reveal struggles over altering narrow images of femininity at the organizational and institutional levels. Editors also (...)
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  14.  15
    Varieties of Testimony: Children’s Selective Learning in Semantic Versus Episodic Domains.Elizabeth C. Stephens & Melissa A. Koenig - 2015 - Cognition 137:182-188.
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  15.  23
    Toward a New Humanity.Melissa A. Mosko - 2011 - Radical Philosophy Review 14 (1):111-115.
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  16. The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations.Anita Bandrowski, Ryan Brinkman, Mathias Brochhausen, Matthew H. Brush, Bill Bug, Marcus C. Chibucos, Kevin Clancy, Mélanie Courtot, Dirk Derom, Michel Dumontier, Liju Fan, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Frank Gibson, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Melissa A. Haendel, Yongqun He, Mervi Heiskanen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Mark Jensen, Yu Lin, Allyson L. Lister, Phillip Lord, James Malone, Elisabetta Manduchi, Monnie McGee, Norman Morrison, James A. Overton, Helen Parkinson, Bjoern Peters, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alan Ruttenberg, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith, Larisa N. Soldatova, Christian J. Stoeckert, Chris F. Taylor, Carlo Torniai, Jessica A. Turner, Randi Vita, Patricia L. Whetzel & Jie Zheng - 2016 - PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0154556.
    The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) is an ontology that provides terms with precisely defined meanings to describe all aspects of how investigations in the biological and medical domains are conducted. OBI re-uses ontologies that provide a representation of biomedical knowledge from the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) project and adds the ability to describe how this knowledge was derived. We here describe the state of OBI and several applications that are using it, such as adding semantic expressivity to (...)
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  17.  15
    Emancipatory Advocacy: A Companion Ethics for Political Activism.Melissa A. Mosko - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (3):326-341.
    In this paper, I take up the challenge that political activism runs the risk of generating abstract freedoms for oppressed subjects and neglecting the effects of oppression on the development of subjectivity. I argue that a political activism in concert with a companion ethics of advocacy and listening is best positioned to improve the political and economic conditions of individuals as well as ensure that they are able to realize their freedom in meaningful action. In this paper I distinguish political (...)
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  18.  15
    The Impact of Physicians' Reactions to Uncertainty on Patients' Decision Satisfaction.Mary C. Politi, Melissa A. Clark, Hernando Ombao & France Légaré - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):575-578.
  19.  7
    Book in Review: Thomas Dumm . Loneliness as a Way of Life Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 193 Pp. $23.95. [REVIEW]Melissa A. Orlie - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (6):851-855.
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  20.  19
    Genome Analyses Substantiate Male Mutation Bias in Many Species.Melissa A. Wilson Sayres & Kateryna D. Makova - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (12):938-945.
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  21.  1
    Da Mélissa À Pandora: Leitura de Medéia Como Representação de Gênero.Amanda Maíra Steimbach - 2010 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 4:29-37.
    The text here summarized aims to examine the tragedy Medea of Euripides, from the gender concept stand point, trying to emphasize the gender relationships in it described and the tactics of the female universe in it reported.
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  22.  10
    Beyond Identity and Difference.Melissa A. Orlie - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (1):140-149.
  23.  32
    Book Review: Who Speaks for Nature? On the Politics of Science, by Laura Ephraim. [REVIEW]Melissa A. Orlie - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (2):250-254.
  24.  24
    Principled Differences.Melissa A. Orlie - 1997 - Theory and Event 1 (3).
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  25.  1
    Cortical Measures of Binaural Processing Predict Spatial Release From Masking Performance.Melissa A. Papesh, Robert L. Folmer & Frederick J. Gallun - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  26. Political Communication and Ethical "Celebrity Advocacy".Melissa A. Cook - 2008 - In Melissa A. Cook & Annette Holba (eds.), Philosophies of Communication: Implications for Everyday Experience. Peter Lang.
  27.  80
    Philosophies of Communication: Implications for Everyday Experience.Melissa A. Cook & Annette Holba (eds.) - 2008 - Peter Lang.
    The essays in this volume consider, in multiple ways, how philosophies of communication and communication ethics can shape and enhance human communication.
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  28. Word Learning.Melissa A. Koenig & Woodward & Amanda - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  29.  17
    Symposium: Is There Knowledge by Acquaintance?H. L. A. Hart, G. E. Hughes & J. N. Findlay - 1949 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 23 (1):69 - 128.
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  30.  7
    Democracy, Deliberation, and the (So-Called) War on Women.Melissa A. Mosko - 2013 - Social Philosophy Today 29:33-47.
    Deliberative democratic theory as developed by Jürgen Habermas struggles in its applicability to particular political communities due to its ideality and abstractness. However, philosophers who level this critique against deliberative theory also find in it resources for addressing the legitimacy of live political discourse as it aims towards rationality. This paper takes up the procedural requirement that legitimacy is provided through, as Seyla Benhabib writes, “the free and unconstrained public deliberation of all about matters of common concern.” Using deliberative theory, (...)
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  31.  15
    Democracy, Deliberation, and the (So-Called) War on Women.Melissa A. Mosko - 2013 - Social Philosophy Today 29:33-47.
    Deliberative democratic theory as developed by Jürgen Habermas struggles in its applicability to particular political communities due to its ideality and abstractness. However, philosophers who level this critique against deliberative theory also find in it resources for addressing the legitimacy of live political discourse as it aims towards rationality. This paper takes up the procedural requirement that legitimacy is provided through, as Seyla Benhabib writes, “the free and unconstrained public deliberation of all about matters of common concern.” Using deliberative theory, (...)
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  32.  3
    Almost Human: Anthropomorphism Increases Trust Resilience in Cognitive Agents.Ewart J. de Visser, Samuel S. Monfort, Ryan McKendrick, Melissa A. B. Smith, Patrick E. McKnight, Frank Krueger & Raja Parasuraman - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (3):331-349.
  33.  97
    Steroid Hormone Reactivity in Fathers Watching Their Children Compete.Louis Calistro Alvarado, Martin N. Muller, Melissa A. Eaton & Melissa Emery Thompson - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (3):268-282.
    This study examines steroid production in fathers watching their children compete, extending previous research of vicarious success or failure on men’s hormone levels. Salivary testosterone and cortisol levels were measured in 18 fathers watching their children play in a soccer tournament. Participants completed a survey about the game and provided demographic information. Fathers with higher pregame testosterone levels were more likely to report that referees were biased against their children’s teams, and pre- to postgame testosterone elevation was predicted by watching (...)
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  34.  23
    Entitled to Trust? Philosophical Frameworks and Evidence From Children.Caitlin A. Cole, Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):195-216.
    How do children acquire beliefs from testimony? In this chapter, we discuss children’s trust in testimony, their sensitivity to and use of defeaters, and their appeals to positive reasons for trusting what other people tell them. Empirical evidence shows that, from an early age, children have a tendency to trust testimony. However, this tendency to trust is accompanied by sensitivity to cues that suggest unreliability, including inaccuracy of the message and characteristics of the speaker. Not only are children sensitive to (...)
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  35.  8
    Perceptual Learning of Intonation Contour Categories in Adults and 9‐ to 11‐Year‐Old Children: Adults Are More Narrow‐Minded.Vsevolod Kapatsinski, Paul Olejarczuk & Melissa A. Redford - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (2):383-415.
    We report on rapid perceptual learning of intonation contour categories in adults and 9- to 11-year-old children. Intonation contours are temporally extended patterns, whose perception requires temporal integration and therefore poses significant working memory challenges. Both children and adults form relatively abstract representations of intonation contours: Previously encountered and novel exemplars are categorized together equally often, as long as distance from the prototype is controlled. However, age-related differences in categorization performance also exist. Given the same experience, adults form narrower categories (...)
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  36.  14
    Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries and Their Experiences with the Part D Prescription Drug Benefit.Noemi V. Rudolph & Melissa A. Montgomery - 2010 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 47 (2):162-172.
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  37.  22
    Perspectives on the Ethical Concerns and Justifications of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV Testing Recommendations.Michael J. Waxman, Roland C. Merchant, M. Teresa Celada & Melissa A. Clark - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):24.
    Background: In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended three changes to HIV testing methods in US healthcare settings: (1) an opt-out approach, (2) removal of separate signed consent, and (3) optional HIV prevention counseling. These recommendations led to a public debate about their moral acceptability. Methods: We interviewed 25 members from the fields of US HIV advocacy, care, policy, and research about the ethical merits and demerits of the three changes to HIV testing methods. We performed (...)
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  38.  16
    Warning Signals, Response Specificity and the Gap Effect: Implications for a Nonattentional Account.Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz & Howard C. Hughes - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):585-586.
  39.  34
    Principal Materials Relating to G. K. Chesterton in the Library of St. Paul's School, Barnes, London.A. Hugh Mead & William A. S. Sarjeant - 1995 - The Chesterton Review 21 (3):347-359.
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  40.  1
    The “Feminist” Mystique: Feminist Identity in Three Generations of Women.Stanley Presser, Melissa A. Milkie & Pia Peltola - 2004 - Gender and Society 18 (1):122-144.
    The authors examine the claim that the most recent cohort of U.S. women is reluctant to identify as feminist although it has egalitarian gender attitudes. Using two national surveys, they show that the most recent generation is no less likely than prior cohorts to identify as feminist. However, Baby Bust women are less apt to identify as feminist than are older women, once background characteristics and attitudes related to feminist identification are controlled. Analyses suggest this reluctance is not due to (...)
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  41.  10
    Effortful Control Development in the Face of Harshness and Unpredictability.Shannon M. Warren & Melissa A. Barnett - 2020 - Human Nature 31 (1):68-87.
    Using psychosocial acceleration theory, this multimethod, multi-reporter study examines how early adversity adaptively shapes the development of a self-regulation construct: effortful control. Investigation of links between early life harshness and unpredictability and the development of effortful control could facilitate a nuanced understanding of early environmental effects on cognitive and social development. Using the Building Strong Families national longitudinal data set, aspects of early environmental harshness and early environmental unpredictability were tested as unique predictors of effortful control at age 3 using (...)
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  42.  26
    Automated Calculation of Symmetry Measure on Clinical Photographs.Mugdha Dabeer, Edward Kim, Gregory P. Reece, Fatima Merchant, Melissa A. Crosby, Elisabeth K. Beahm & Mia K. Markey - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1129-1136.
  43. Can I Work with and Help Others in This Field? How Communal Goals Influence Interest and Participation in STEM Fields.Kathryn L. Boucher, Melissa A. Fuesting, Amanda B. Diekman & Mary C. Murphy - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  44.  12
    Toward Correlation in In Vivo and In Vitro Nanotoxicology Studies.Melissa A. Maurer-Jones & Christy L. Haynes - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):795-801.
    Nanomaterials have the promise of revolutionizing current treatment and diagnosis of diseases, which has led to 33 nanotherapeutics drugs currently on the market and many more in various stages of clinical trials. With an increasing number of products available and in development, along with the unique, emergent properties of the nanoparticle therapeutics themselves, regulatory agencies are now faced with decisions regarding the regulation of such novel technologies. Regulatory guidance, particularly in pre-clinical stages, has the potential to facilitate quick and safe (...)
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  45.  9
    Toward Correlation in In Vivo and In Vitro Nanotoxicology Studies.Melissa A. Maurer-Jones & Christy L. Haynes - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):795-801.
    Much of the focus of the published 2011 symposium that inspired this work focused on the question, “When have you reduced risk enough to move from bench/animal studies to ‘first in-human’ studies?” Building applied research ethics related to nanotherapeutics requires bench and clinical scientists to have a clear vision about how to test nanotherapeutic safety, and it is clear that there is still much to be considered at the steps before “in-human” assessment. Herein, the perspective of the bench scientist is (...)
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  46.  37
    A Comparison Of Student Performance Between Two Instructional Delivery Methods For A Healthcare Ethics Course.Hugh A. Stoddard & Toby Schonfeld - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):493-501.
    Healthcare ethics has become part of the standard curriculum of students in the health professions. The goals of healthcare ethics education are to give students the skills they need to identify, assess, and address ethical issues in clinical practice and to develop virtuous practitioners. Incorporating the medical humanities into medical school, for example, is intended to foster empathy and professionalism among students and to provide mechanisms for enhanced physician well-being. Yet, despite the long-standing inclusion of the humanities in nursing curricula, (...)
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  47.  70
    The Perverse Effects of Competition on Scientists' Work and Relationships.Melissa S. Anderson, Emily A. Ronning, Raymond De Vries & Brian C. Martinson - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):437-461.
    Competition among scientists for funding, positions and prestige, among other things, is often seen as a salutary driving force in U.S. science. Its effects on scientists, their work and their relationships are seldom considered. Focus-group discussions with 51 mid- and early-career scientists, on which this study is based, reveal a dark side of competition in science. According to these scientists, competition contributes to strategic game-playing in science, a decline in free and open sharing of information and methods, sabotage of others’ (...)
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  48. A New Introduction to Modal Logic.M. J. Cresswell & G. E. Hughes - 1996 - Routledge.
    This long-awaited book replaces Hughes and Cresswell's two classic studies of modal logic: _An Introduction to Modal Logic_ and _A Companion to Modal Logic_. _A New Introduction to Modal Logic_ is an entirely new work, completely re-written by the authors. They have incorporated all the new developments that have taken place since 1968 in both modal propositional logic and modal predicate logic, without sacrificing tha clarity of exposition and approachability that were essential features of their earlier works. The book (...)
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  49.  6
    Critical Notices.T. A. Rose & G. E. Hughes - 1953 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):30 – 63.
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  50. Is There Knowledge by Acquaintance?H. L. A. Hart, G. E. Hughes & J. N. Findlay - 1949 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 23:69-128.
     
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