Results for 'Melissa N. Kuhn'

999 found
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  1.  40
    Human Males Appear More Prepared Than Females to Resolve Conflicts with Same-Sex Peers.Joyce F. Benenson, Melissa N. Kuhn, Patrick J. Ryan, Anthony J. Ferranti, Rose Blondin, Michael Shea, Chalice Charpentier, Melissa Emery Thompson & Richard W. Wrangham - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (2):251-268.
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  2.  12
    Cultivating citizenship, equity, and social inclusion? Putting civic agriculture into practice through urban farming.Melissa N. Poulsen - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (1):135-148.
    Civic agriculture is an approach to agriculture and food production that—in contrast with the industrial food system—is embedded in local environmental, social, and economic contexts. Alongside proliferation of the alternative food projects that characterize civic agriculture, growing literature critiques how their implementation runs counter to the ideal of civic agriculture. This study assesses the relevance of three such critiques to urban farming, aiming to understand how different farming models balance civic and economic exchange, prioritize food justice, and create socially inclusive (...)
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  3.  29
    Medium range ordering and its effect on plasticity of Fe–Mn–B–Y–Nb bulk metallic glass.J. M. Park, J. H. Na, D. H. Kim, K. B. Kim, N. Mattern, U. Kühn & J. Eckert - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (19):2619-2633.
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  4.  6
    Expansions of the group of integers by Beatty sequences.Ayhan Günaydın & Melissa Özsahakyan - 2022 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 173 (3):103062.
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  5.  5
    G proteins, chemosensory perception, and the C. elegans genome project: An attractive story.H. Georg Kuhn & Clive N. Svendsen - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (9):713-717.
    Heterotrimeric G proteins, consisting of α, β, and γ subunits, couple ligand-bound seven transmembrane domain receptors to the regulation of effector proteins and production of intracellular second messengers. G protein signaling mediates the perception of environmental cues in all higher eukaryotic organisms, including yeast, Dictyostelium, plants, and animals. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is the first animal to have complete descriptions of its cellular anatomy, cell lineage, neuronal wiring diagram, and genomic sequence. In a recent paper, Jansen et al.(1) used sequence (...)
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  6.  28
    Effects of an Employee Volunteering Program on the Work Force: The ABN-AMRO Case.Dick Gilder, Theo N. M. Schuyt & Melissa Breedijk - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (2):143-152.
    One of the new ways used by companies to demonstrate their social responsibility is to encourage employee volunteering, whereby employees engage in socially beneficial activities on company time, while being paid by the company. The reasoning is that it is good for employee motivation (internal effects) and good for the company reputation (external effects). This article reports an empirical investigation of the internal effects of employee volunteering conducted amongst employees of the Dutch ABN-AMRO bank. The study showed that (a) socio-demographic (...)
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  7.  33
    A systematic review of patient access to medical records in the acute setting: practicalities, perspectives and ethical consequences.Zoë Fritz, Isla L. Kuhn & Stephanie N. D’Costa - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-19.
    BackgroundInternationally, patient access to notes is increasing. This has been driven by respect for patient autonomy, often recognised as a primary tenet of medical ethics: patients should be able to access their records to be fully engaged with their care. While research has been conducted on the impact of patient access to outpatient and primary care records and to patient portals, there is no such review looking at access to hospital medical records in real time, nor an ethical analysis of (...)
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  8.  8
    Producing “one vast index”: Google Book Search as an algorithmic system.Paul N. Edwards & Melissa K. Chalmers - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2).
    In 2004, Google embarked on a massive book digitization project. Forty library partners and billions of scanned pages later, Google Book Search has provided searchable text access to millions of books. While many details of Google’s conversion processes remain proprietary secret, here we piece together their general outlines by closely examining Google Book Search products, Google patents, and the entanglement of libraries and computer scientists in the longer history of digitization work. We argue that far from simply “scanning” books, Google’s (...)
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  9.  28
    When triangles become human: Action co-representation for objects.Barbara C. N. Müller, Anna K. Oostendorp, Simone Kühn, Marcel Brass, Ap Dijksterhuis & Rick B. van Baaren - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (1):54-67.
    Until recently, it was assumed that co-representation of others’ actions, an essential part in joint action, is biologically tuned. However, research demonstrated that we also simulate actions of non-biological interaction partners under certain conditions. In the present study, we investigated whether perceived intentionality or perspective taking is the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon. Participants saw a short video fragment of a non-biological agent as main character. The movements of this agent were either described as intentional or as unintentional. Furthermore, participants (...)
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  10.  35
    When triangles become human: Action co-representation for objects.Barbara C. N. Müller, Anna K. Oostendorp, Simone Kühn, Marcel Brass, Ap Dijksterhuis & Rick B. van Baaren - 2015 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (1):54-67.
    Until recently, it was assumed that co-representation of others’ actions, an essential part in joint action, is biologically tuned. However, research demonstrated that we also simulate actions of non-biological interaction partners under certain conditions. In the present study, we investigated whether perceived intentionality or perspective taking is the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon. Participants saw a short video fragment of a non-biological agent as main character. The movements of this agent were either described as intentional or as unintentional. Furthermore, participants (...)
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  11.  33
    When triangles become human.Barbara C. N. Müller, Anna K. Oostendorp, Simone Kühn, Marcel Brass, Ap Dijksterhuis & Rick B. van Baaren - 2015 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 16 (1):54-67.
    Until recently, it was assumed that co-representation of others’ actions, an essential part in joint action, is biologically tuned. However, research demonstrated that we also simulate actions of non-biological interaction partners under certain conditions. In the present study, we investigated whether perceived intentionality or perspective taking is the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon. Participants saw a short video fragment of a non-biological agent as main character. The movements of this agent were either described as intentional or as unintentional. Furthermore, participants (...)
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  12. Teoría y práctica científica según Kuhn.José Joaquín Brunner - 1984 - Santiago, Chile: Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales.
     
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  13. The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations.Anita Bandrowski, Ryan Brinkman, Mathias Brochhausen, Matthew H. Brush, Bill Bug, Marcus C. Chibucos, Kevin Clancy, Mélanie Courtot, Dirk Derom, Michel Dumontier, Liju Fan, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Frank Gibson, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Melissa A. Haendel, Yongqun He, Mervi Heiskanen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Mark Jensen, Yu Lin, Allyson L. Lister, Phillip Lord, James Malone, Elisabetta Manduchi, Monnie McGee, Norman Morrison, James A. Overton, Helen Parkinson, Bjoern Peters, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alan Ruttenberg, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith, Larisa N. Soldatova, Christian J. Stoeckert, Chris F. Taylor, Carlo Torniai, Jessica A. Turner, Randi Vita, Patricia L. Whetzel & Jie Zheng - 2016 - PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0154556.
    The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) is an ontology that provides terms with precisely defined meanings to describe all aspects of how investigations in the biological and medical domains are conducted. OBI re-uses ontologies that provide a representation of biomedical knowledge from the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) project and adds the ability to describe how this knowledge was derived. We here describe the state of OBI and several applications that are using it, such as adding semantic expressivity to (...)
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  14. Fast machine-learning online optimization of ultra-cold-atom experiments.P. B. Wigley, P. J. Everitt, A. van den Hengel, J. W. Bastian, M. A. Sooriyabandara, G. D. McDonald, K. S. Hardman, C. D. Quinlivan, P. Manju, C. C. N. Kuhn, I. R. Petersen, A. N. Luiten, J. J. Hope, N. P. Robins & M. R. Hush - 2016 - Sci. Rep 6:25890.
    We apply an online optimization process based on machine learning to the production of Bose-Einstein condensates. BEC is typically created with an exponential evaporation ramp that is optimal for ergodic dynamics with two-body s-wave interactions and no other loss rates, but likely sub-optimal for real experiments. Through repeated machine-controlled scientific experimentation and observations our ’learner’ discovers an optimal evaporation ramp for BEC production. In contrast to previous work, our learner uses a Gaussian process to develop a statistical model of the (...)
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  15.  36
    Regret in the context of unobtained rewards in criminal offenders.Melissa A. Hughes, Mairead C. Dolan & Julie C. Stout - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (5):913-925.
    In this study, we investigated whether differences in the experience of regret may be a potential explanation for damaging behaviours associated with psychopathy and criminal offending. Participants were incarcerated offenders (n = 60) and non-incarcerated controls (n = 20). Psychopathic traits were characterised with the Psychopathic Checklist: Screening Version. Regret was assessed by responses to outcomes on a simulated gambling task. Incarcerated offenders experienced a reduced sense of regret as compared to non-incarcerated controls. We obtained some evidence that specific psychopathic (...)
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  16.  45
    Introns in UTRs: Why we should stop ignoring them.Alicia A. Bicknell, Can Cenik, Hon N. Chua, Frederick P. Roth & Melissa J. Moore - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (12):1025-1034.
    Although introns in 5′‐ and 3′‐untranslated regions (UTRs) are found in many protein coding genes, rarely are they considered distinctive entities with specific functions. Indeed, mammalian transcripts with 3′‐UTR introns are often assumed nonfunctional because they are subject to elimination by nonsense‐mediated decay (NMD). Nonetheless, recent findings indicate that 5′‐ and 3′‐UTR intron status is of significant functional consequence for the regulation of mammalian genes. Therefore these features should be ignored no longer.
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  17. Steroid Hormone Reactivity in Fathers Watching Their Children Compete.Louis Calistro Alvarado, Martin N. Muller, Melissa A. Eaton & Melissa Emery Thompson - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (3):268-282.
    This study examines steroid production in fathers watching their children compete, extending previous research of vicarious success or failure on men’s hormone levels. Salivary testosterone and cortisol levels were measured in 18 fathers watching their children play in a soccer tournament. Participants completed a survey about the game and provided demographic information. Fathers with higher pregame testosterone levels were more likely to report that referees were biased against their children’s teams, and pre- to postgame testosterone elevation was predicted by watching (...)
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  18. N. Hartmann, Kleinere Schriften I.Helmut Kuhn - 1956 - Philosophische Rundschau 4 (1/2):125.
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  19.  51
    Adrift in the gray zone: IRB perspectives on research in the learning health system.Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Maureen Kelley, Mildred K. Cho, Stephanie Alessi Kraft, Cyan James, Melissa Constantine, Adrienne N. Meyer, Douglas Diekema, Alexander M. Capron, Benjamin S. Wilfond & David Magnus - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (2):125-134.
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  20. N. Gulley, Plato's Theory of Knowledge.H. Kuhn - 1964 - Philosophische Rundschau 12:140.
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  21.  45
    Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies.Vinata Vedam-Mai, Karl Deisseroth, James Giordano, Gabriel Lazaro-Munoz, Winston Chiong, Nanthia Suthana, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jay Gill, Wayne Goodman, Nicole R. Provenza, Casey H. Halpern, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Tricia N. Cunningham, Sameer A. Sheth, Nader Pouratian, Katherine W. Scangos, Helen S. Mayberg, Andreas Horn, Kara A. Johnson, Christopher R. Butson, Ro’ee Gilron, Coralie de Hemptinne, Robert Wilt, Maria Yaroshinsky, Simon Little, Philip Starr, Greg Worrell, Prasad Shirvalkar, Edward Chang, Jens Volkmann, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Andrea A. Kühn, Luming Li, Matthew Johnson, Kevin J. Otto, Robert Raike, Steve Goetz, Chengyuan Wu, Peter Silburn, Binith Cheeran, Yagna J. Pathak, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Aysegul Gunduz, Joshua K. Wong, Stephanie Cernera, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Wissam Deeb, Addie Patterson, Kelly D. Foote & Michael S. Okun - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15:644593.
    We estimate that 208,000 deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices have been implanted to address neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders worldwide. DBS Think Tank presenters pooled data and determined that DBS expanded in its scope and has been applied to multiple brain disorders in an effort to modulate neural circuitry. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 providing a space where clinicians, engineers, researchers from industry and academia discuss current and emerging DBS technologies and logistical and ethical issues facing the field. (...)
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  22.  44
    Effects of an Employee Volunteering Program on the Work Force: The ABN-AMRO Case. [REVIEW]Dick de Gilder, Theo N. M. Schuyt & Melissa Breedijk - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (2):143-152.
    One of the new ways used by companies to demonstrate their social responsibility is to encourage employee volunteering, whereby employees engage in socially beneficial activities on company time, while being paid by the company. The reasoning is that it is good for employee motivation (internal effects) and good for the company reputation (external effects). This article reports an empirical investigation of the internal effects of employee volunteering conducted amongst employees of the Dutch ABN-AMRO bank. The study showed that (a) socio-demographic (...)
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  23.  65
    Quantifying the aesthetic outcomes of breast cancer treatment: assessment of surgical scars from clinical photographs.Min Soon Kim, William N. Rodney, Gregory P. Reece, Elisabeth K. Beahm, Melissa A. Crosby & Mia K. Markey - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1075-1082.
  24.  11
    Numerical estrangement and integration between symbolic and non-symbolic numerical information: Task-dependence and its link to math abilities in adults.Xueying Ren, Ruizhe Liu, Marc N. Coutanche, Julie A. Fiez & Melissa E. Libertus - 2022 - Cognition 224 (C):105067.
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  25. Kuhn as Perspectival Realist.Ronald N. Giere - 2013 - Topoi 32 (1):53-57.
    In this essay I argue that T. S. Kuhn, at least in his later works, can be regarded as a perspectival realist. This is a retrospective interpretation based mainly on the essays published posthumously under the title The Road Since Structure (Kuhn 2000). Among the strongest grounds for this interpretation is that Kuhn explicitly states that one must have a “lexicon” in place before raising questions about the truth or falsity of claims made using elements of the (...)
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  26. Does School Academic Selectivity Pay Off? The Education, Employment and Life Satisfaction Outcomes of Australian Students.Melissa Tham, Shuyan Huo & Andrew Wade - forthcoming - British Journal of Educational Studies.
    The long-term benefits of academically selective schools have not been thoroughly explored in the Australian context. This research draws on data from a longitudinal study of Australian young people (n = 2933) and utilises Nearest-neighbour matching techniques to explore whether individuals who attend academically selective schools have better outcomes than those who attend non-selective schools. This research explores a range of post-school outcomes, including engagement in education or employment, years of education and life satisfaction. Participants who graduated from academically selective (...)
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  27.  13
    La politique de la personne : Genre, nation et citoyenneté en Tchécoslovaquie (1918-1945).Melissa Feinberg - 2000 - Clio 12.
    Cet article analyse le genre de la citoyenneté et des droits dans la Tchécoslovaquie entre 1918 et 1945. En 1918 la nouvelle République démocratique a proclamé l’égalité, y compris l’égalité entre hommes et femmes. Aux femmes étaient accordés toute une série de nouveaux droits, le plus important étant le vote ; elles sont devenues, en principe, des citoyennes égales aux citoyens. Néanmoins, il est rapidement devenu évident que cette égalité citoyenne n’était appliquée que dans le domaine politique ; le genre (...)
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  28.  9
    Enrichment metrics for the identification of stabilizers of the telomeric G quartet using genetic algorithm.Melissa Correa & Santiago Solorzano - 2020 - Minerva 1 (1):13-23.
    In this study a combination of computer tools for coupling and virtual screening is detailed, in 108 active molecules and 3620 decoys to find stabilizers for G quadruplex. To have more precise results, combinations of coupling programs with fifteen energy scoring functions were applied. The validation and evaluation of the metrics was done with the CompScore genetic algorithm. The results showed an increase in BEDROC and EF of 50% compared to other strategies, as well as reflecting early recognition of active (...)
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  29.  31
    Self‐Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics. By Robert N. Johnson. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. I + 174. Price £27.50.). [REVIEW]Melissa Seymour Fahmy - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (251):382-384.
  30. Book reviews and notices. [REVIEW]Francis X. Clooney, Gail Hinich Sutherland, Lou Ratté, Francis X. Clooney, Carl Olson, Constantina Rhodes Bailly, Alex Wayman, Herman Tull, Sheila McDonough, Robert Zydenbos, Cynthia Ann Humes, Sarah Caldwell, Deepak Sharma, Robin Rinehart, Robert N. Minor, Frank J. Korom, Janice D. Willis, Peter Flügel, Vijay Prashad, Muhammad Usman Erdosy, Muhammad Usman Erdosy, Antony Copley, Steve Derné, Swarna Rajagopalan, Gavin Flood, Rebecca J. Manring, Michael York, David Gordon White, John Grimes, Melissa Kerin, Steven J. Rosen, Anna B. Bigelow, Carl Olson & Will Sweetman - 1997 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 1 (3):596-643.
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  31.  7
    Sharing Responsibility: The History and Future of Protection from Atrocities, Luke Glanville (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2021), 240 pp., cloth $39.95, eBook $39.95. [REVIEW]Melissa Labonte - 2022 - Ethics and International Affairs 36 (2):275-278.
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  32.  17
    Book ReviewsSeyla. Benhabib, The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era.Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. Pp. 245. $16.95. [REVIEW]Melissa S. Williams - 2004 - Ethics 114 (2):337-340.
  33.  31
    Typologische betrachtungsweise und paläontologie.Oskar Kuhn - 1942 - Acta Biotheoretica 6 (1-2):55-96.
    The darwinistic doctrine of a continuous transformation of the animal world cannot be certified by Paleontology. On the contrary the building-plans of the animals present themselves ready made in the history of the earth. That may be shown before all at the oldest vertebrates which appear in the Silur and Devon in types fundamentally differentiated. Also the higher fishes, the amphibia, reptiles, birds and mammals present themselves ready made and are not to be derived one from another. Beyond the reach (...)
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  34.  14
    A Critical Analysis of White Racial Framing and Comfort with Medical Research.Paige Nong, Melissa Creary, Jodyn Platt & Sharon Kardia - 2023 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 14 (2):65-73.
    Objective Analyze racial differences in comfort with medical research using an alternative to the traditional approach that treats white people as a raceless norm.Methods Quantitative analysis of survey responses (n = 1,570) from Black and white residents of the US to identify relationships between perceptions of research as a right or a risk, and comfort participating in medical research.Results A lower proportion of white respondents reported that medical experimentation occurred without patient consent (p < 0.001) and a higher proportion of (...)
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  35. The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification: Opportunities-Problems-Hopes.Ulrich Kühn - 1999 - Gregorianum 80 (4):609-622.
    La Déclaration commune sur la Doctrine de la Justification proposée par l'Institut pour la Recherche oecuménique de Strasbourg affirme que nous avons atteint un tel consensus concernant la question de la justification que les condamnations du XVIe siècle n'existent plus. Cet article montre d'abord que cette déclaration est le résultat d'un long dialogue au sein des théologies catholique et protestante, puis des comités officiels, au cours des quarante dernières années. Puis il en indique la signification et les limites. Il expose (...)
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  36. Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  37.  18
    Recruitment and Engagement of Indigenous Peoples in Brain-Related Health Research.Miles Schaffrick, Melissa L. Perreault, Louise Harding & Judy Illes - 2023 - Neuroethics 16 (3):1-14.
    Objectives To characterize recruitment approaches to research on the brain and mind that involves Indigenous peoples. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of a Harding et al. (2021) scoping review. Reviewers screened studies (_n_ = 66) for sampling methods, recruitment and engagement, positionality statements, and details on ethics approvals. Synthesis We identified twenty-nine (29) English-language articles relevant to the analysis. Of these, 52% (_n_ = 15/29) reported a mix of sampling methods; 45% (_n_ = 13/29) contained statements or information about (...)
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  38. "Hinweise auf": A. J. Lovejoy: Die grosse Kette der Wesen; Studia Spinozana J.-J. Rousseau: Diskurs über die Ungleichheit; Chr. v. Ehrenfels: Leben und Werk; N. Bolz/B. Witte : Passagen. [REVIEW]Helmut Kuhn - 1986 - Philosophische Rundschau 33:311-312.
     
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  39.  7
    Kuhn Studies.J. N. Hattiangadi - 1989 - In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality: Essays in Honor of John Watkins. Reidel. pp. 191-205.
    As a graduate student it was with great pleasure that I learned that John Watkins had decided to thank me publicly for helping him with a paper on Kuhn’s view.1 The help, such as I could give, was in Popper’s seminar, twenty-five years ago. Watkins himself, and several others, contributed much more to the seminar than I did. (The seminar was run on the principle — to repeat J.O. Wisdom’s quip — “thou shalt not speak whilst I interrupt”). Watkins (...)
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  40. Stability, Emergence and Part-Whole-Reduction.Andreas Hüttemann, Reimer Kühn & Orestis Terzidis - 2015 - In Brigitte Falkenburg & Margaret Morrison (eds.), Why More is Different: Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 169-200.
    We address the question whether there is an explanation for the fact that as Fodor put it the micro-level “converges on stable macro-level properties”, and whether there are lessons from this explanation for other issues in the vicinity. We argue that stability in large systems can be understood in terms of statistical limit theorems. In the thermodynamic limit of infinite system size N → ∞ systems will have strictly stable macroscopic properties in the sense that transitions between different macroscopic phases (...)
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  41.  25
    Is Nonsymbolic Arithmetic Truly “Arithmetic”? Examining the Computational Capacity of the Approximate Number System in Young Children.Chen Cheng & Melissa M. Kibbe - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (6):e13299.
    Young children with limited knowledge of formal mathematics can intuitively perform basic arithmetic‐like operations over nonsymbolic, approximate representations of quantity. However, the algorithmic rules that guide such nonsymbolic operations are not entirely clear. We asked whether nonsymbolic arithmetic operations have a function‐like structure, like symbolic arithmetic. Children (n = 74 4‐ to ‐8‐year‐olds in Experiment 1; n = 52 7‐ to 8‐year‐olds in Experiment 2) first solved two nonsymbolic arithmetic problems. We then showed children two unequal sets of objects, and (...)
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  42.  22
    Magic Performances – When Explained in Psychic Terms by University Students.Lise Lesaffre, Gustav Kuhn, Ahmad Abu-Akel, Déborah Rochat & Christine Mohr - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:346626.
    Paranormal beliefs (PBs), such as the belief in the soul, or in extrasensory perception, are common in the general population. While there is information regarding what these beliefs correlate with (e.g., cognitive biases, personality styles), there is little information regarding the causal direction between these beliefs and their correlates. To investigate the formation of beliefs, we use an experimental design, in which PBs and belief-associated cognitive biases are assessed before and after a central event: a magic performance (see also Mohr (...)
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  43.  11
    Kuhn Studies.J. N. Hattiangadi - 1989 - In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality: Essays in Honor of John Watkins. Reidel. pp. 191--205.
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  44. Scientific perspectivism.Ronald N. Giere - 2006 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Many people assume that the claims of scientists are objective truths. But historians, sociologists, and philosophers of science have long argued that scientific claims reflect the particular historical, cultural, and social context in which those claims were made. The nature of scientific knowledge is not absolute because it is influenced by the practice and perspective of human agents. Scientific Perspectivism argues that the acts of observing and theorizing are both perspectival, and this nature makes scientific knowledge contingent, as Thomas (...) theorized forty years ago. Using the example of color vision in humans to illustrate how his theory of “perspectivism” works, Ronald N. Giere argues that colors do not actually exist in objects; rather, color is the result of an interaction between aspects of the world and the human visual system. Giere extends this argument into a general interpretation of human perception and, more controversially, to scientific observation, conjecturing that the output of scientific instruments is perspectival. Furthermore, complex scientific principles—such as Maxwell’s equations describing the behavior of both the electric and magnetic fields—make no claims about the world, but models based on those principles can be used to make claims about specific aspects of the world. Offering a solution to the most contentious debate in the philosophy of science over the past thirty years, Scientific Perspectivism will be of interest to anyone involved in the study of science. (shrink)
  45.  10
    Stephen Kern. A Cultural History of Causality: Science, Murder Novels, and Systems of Thought. 437 pp., bibl., index. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004. $29.95. [REVIEW]Jan‐Melissa Schramm - 2006 - Isis 97 (2):341-342.
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    Evolutionary Causation: Biological and Philosophical Reflections.Tobias Uller & Kevin N. Laland (eds.) - 2019 - MIT Press.
    A comprehensive treatment of the concept of causation in evolutionary biology that makes clear its central role in both historical and contemporary debates. Most scientific explanations are causal. This is certainly the case in evolutionary biology, which seeks to explain the diversity of life and the adaptive fit between organisms and their surroundings. The nature of causation in evolutionary biology, however, is contentious. How causation is understood shapes the structure of evolutionary theory, and historical and contemporary debates in evolutionary biology (...)
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    Turning Back to Kuhn.Ilya T. Kasavin & Vladimir N. Porus - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (1):6-19.
    The article examines the problem of interpreting normal and revolutionary science in the concept of Thomas Kuhn. It is shown that the “normal science” is the central concept of the Kuhn’s history of science, designed in accordance with the normative definition of science adopted by him. Such a story serves an internal purpose – to justify the special epistemical status of expert knowledge. But there is also an external goal – to establish professional science as an institution with (...)
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    Kuhn és a relativizmus: Kuhn öröksége a tudományfilozófiában.Viktor Binzberger, Márta Fehér & Gábor Zemplén (eds.) - 2007 - Budapest: L'Harmattan.
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    Ethical Concerns of Patients and Family Members Arising During Illness or Medical Care.Marion Danis, Christine Grady, Mariam Noorulhuda, Ben Krohmal, Henry Silverman, Lee Schwab, Hae Lin Cho, Melissa Goldstein & Paul Wakim - 2023 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 14 (4):218-226.
    Patients and family members (N = 671) were surveyed in five Mid-Atlantic U.S. hospitals to ascertain the number and kinds of ethical concerns they are presently experiencing or have previously experienced while being sick or receiving medical care. Seventy percent of participants had at least one (range 0–14) type of ethical concern or question. The most commonly experienced concerns pertained to being unsure how to plan ahead or complete an advance directive (29.4%), being unsure whether someone in the family was (...)
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  50. Kuhn, hoy.Mario H. Otero & Alción Cheroni (eds.) - 1997 - [Montevideo, Uruguay]: Departamento de Historia y Filosofía de la Ciencia, Instituto de Filosofía, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación.
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