Results for 'Melissa Schwartzenberg'

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  1. NOMOS LXV: Reconciliation and Repair.Melissa Schwartzenberg & Eric Beerbohm (eds.) - 2023 - NYU Press.
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  2. The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations.Anita Bandrowski, Ryan Brinkman, Mathias Brochhausen, Matthew H. Brush, Bill Bug, Marcus C. Chibucos, Kevin Clancy, Mélanie Courtot, Dirk Derom, Michel Dumontier, Liju Fan, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Frank Gibson, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Melissa A. Haendel, Yongqun He, Mervi Heiskanen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Mark Jensen, Yu Lin, Allyson L. Lister, Phillip Lord, James Malone, Elisabetta Manduchi, Monnie McGee, Norman Morrison, James A. Overton, Helen Parkinson, Bjoern Peters, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alan Ruttenberg, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith, Larisa N. Soldatova, Christian J. Stoeckert, Chris F. Taylor, Carlo Torniai, Jessica A. Turner, Randi Vita, Patricia L. Whetzel & Jie Zheng - 2016 - PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0154556.
    The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) is an ontology that provides terms with precisely defined meanings to describe all aspects of how investigations in the biological and medical domains are conducted. OBI re-uses ontologies that provide a representation of biomedical knowledge from the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) project and adds the ability to describe how this knowledge was derived. We here describe the state of OBI and several applications that are using it, such as adding semantic expressivity to (...)
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  3.  62
    The cross-linguistic categorization of everyday events: A study of cutting and breaking.Asifa Majid, James S. Boster & Melissa Bowerman - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):235-250.
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  4.  12
    Preschoolers’ emotion knowledge: Self-regulatory foundations, and predictions of early school success.Susanne Ayers Denham, Hideko Hamada Bassett, Erin Way, Melissa Mincic, Katherine Zinsser & Kelly Graling - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):667-679.
  5.  34
    Widening the debate about conflict of interest: addressing relationships between journalists and the pharmaceutical industry.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Melissa Sweet, Christopher Jordens, Catriona Bonfiglioli & Rowena Forsyth - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):492-495.
    The phone-hacking scandal that led to the closure of the News of the World newspaper in Britain has prompted international debate about media practices and regulation. It is timely to broaden the discussion about journalistic ethics and conduct to include consideration of the impact of media practices upon the population's health. Many commercial organisations cultivate relationships with journalists and news organisations with the aim of influencing the content of health-related news and information communicated through the media. Given the significant influence (...)
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  6. Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony.Moniek A. J. Zeegers, Eva S. Potharst, Irena K. Veringa-Skiba, Evin Aktar, Melissa Goris, Susan M. Bögels & Cristina Colonnesi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  7.  32
    A Strategy to Improve Knowledge about Health Policies and Evidence Based Medicine for Federal Magistrates in Health Litigation.Bruno Barcala Reis, Marcus Carvalho Borin, Marcelo Dolzany da Costa, Renato Luís Dresch, Osvaldo Oliveira Araújo Firmo, Melissa Cordeiro Guimarães, Carla Barbosa Morais Alves, Nelio Gomes Ribeiro Junior, Ludmila Peres Gargano, Túlio Tadeu Rocha Sarmento, Pâmela Santos Azevedo, Isabella de Figueiredo Zuppo, Carolina Zampirolli Dias, Vania Cristina Canuto dos Santos, Juliana Alvares-Teodoro, Francisco de Assis Acurcio & Augusto Afonso Guerra - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (4):807-817.
    Several countries maintain universal health coverage, which implies responsibility to organize delivery formats of healthcare services and products for citizens. In Brazil, the health system has a principle of universal access for more than 30 years, but many deficiencies remain and the country observes a day practice for those seeking judicial decisions to determine provision of healthcare.
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  8.  53
    Entitled to Trust? Philosophical Frameworks and Evidence from Children.Caitlin A. Cole, Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):195-216.
    How do children acquire beliefs from testimony? In this chapter, we discuss children's trust in testimony, their sensitivity to and use of defeaters, and their appeals to positive reasons for trusting what other people tell them. Empirical evidence shows that, from an early age, children have a tendency to trust testimony. However, this tendency to trust is accompanied by sensitivity to cues that suggest unreliability, including inaccuracy of the message and characteristics of the speaker. Not only are children sensitive to (...)
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  9.  20
    Indigenous perspectives on breaking bad news: ethical considerations for healthcare providers.Shemana Cassim, Jacquie Kidd, Rawiri Keenan, Karen Middleton, Anna Rolleston, Brendan Hokowhitu, Melissa Firth, Denise Aitken, Janice Wong & Ross Lawrenson - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e62-e62.
    Most healthcare providers work from ethical principles based on a Western model of practice that may not adhere to the cultural values intrinsic to Indigenous peoples. Breaking bad news is an important topic of ethical concern in health research. While much has been documented on BBN globally, the ethical implications of receiving bad news, from an Indigenous patient perspective in particular, is an area that requires further inquiry. This article discusses the experiences of Māori lung cancer patients and their families, (...)
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  10.  13
    The General Movement Assessment Helps Us to Identify Preterm Infants at Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction.Christa Einspieler, Arend F. Bos, Melissa E. Libertus & Peter B. Marschik - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:178796.
    Apart from motor and behavioral dysfunctions, deficits in cognitive skills are among the well-documented sequelae of preterm birth. However, early identification of infants at risk for poor cognition is still a challenge, as no clear association between pathological findings based on neuroimaging scans and cognitive functions have been detected as yet. The Prechtl General Movement Assessment (GMA) has shown its merits for the evaluation of the integrity of the young nervous system. It is a reliable tool for identifying infants at (...)
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  11.  39
    How similar are semantic categories in closely related languages? A comparison of cutting and breaking in four Germanic languages.Asifa Majid, Marianne Gullberg, Miriam van Staden & Melissa Bowerman - 2007 - Cognitive Linguistics 18 (2).
  12.  38
    Intuitions about the epistemic virtues of majority voting.Hugo Mercier, Martin Dockendorff, Yoshimasa Majima, Anne-Sophie Hacquin & Melissa Schwartzberg - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-19.
    The Condorcet Jury Theorem, along with empirical results, establishes the accuracy of majority voting in a broad range of conditions. Here we investigate whether naïve participants (in the U.S. and...
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  13.  13
    Characterizing Early Changes in Quality of Life in Young Women With Breast Cancer.Hend M. Al-Kaylani, Bradley T. Loeffler, Sarah L. Mott, Melissa Curry, Sneha Phadke & Ellen van der Plas - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionYounger age at diagnosis is a risk factor for poor health-related quality of life in long-term breast cancer survivors. However, few studies have specifically addressed HRQOL in young adults with breast cancer, nor have early changes in HRQOL been fully characterized.MethodsEligible female patients with breast cancer were identified through our local cancer center. To establish HRQOL, patients completed the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast around diagnosis and 12 months later. Sociodemographic factors, genetic susceptibility to cancer, tumor- and treatment-related factors, and (...)
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  14.  35
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries for “Ethical Challenges Within Veterans Administration Healthcare Facilities: Perspectives of Managers, Clinicians, Patients, and Ethics Committee Chairpersons”.Mary Beth Foglia, Robert A. Pearlman, Melissa Bottrell, Jane K. Altemose & Ellen Fox - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):3-4.
    To promote ethical practices, healthcare managers must understand the ethical challenges encountered by key stakeholders. To characterize ethical challenges in Veterans Administration facilities from the perspectives of managers, clinicians, patients, and ethics consultants. We conducted focus groups with patients and managers ; semi-structured interviews with managers, clinicians, and ethics committee chairpersons. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Managers reported that the greatest ethical challenge was fairly distributing resources across programs and services, whereas clinicians identified the effect of resource constraints on (...)
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  15.  11
    Numerical estrangement and integration between symbolic and non-symbolic numerical information: Task-dependence and its link to math abilities in adults.Xueying Ren, Ruizhe Liu, Marc N. Coutanche, Julie A. Fiez & Melissa E. Libertus - 2022 - Cognition 224 (C):105067.
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  16.  24
    Perspectives on the ethical concerns and justifications of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing recommendations.Michael J. Waxman, Roland C. Merchant, M. Teresa Celada & Melissa A. Clark - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):24.
    Background: In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended three changes to HIV testing methods in US healthcare settings: (1) an opt-out approach, (2) removal of separate signed consent, and (3) optional HIV prevention counseling. These recommendations led to a public debate about their moral acceptability. Methods: We interviewed 25 members from the fields of US HIV advocacy, care, policy, and research about the ethical merits and demerits of the three changes to HIV testing methods. We performed (...)
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  17.  53
    Not Telling the Truth in the Patient–Physician Relationship.Carlos Henrique Martins Da Silva, Renato Luiz Guerino Cunha, Ronaldo Borges Tonaco, Thúlio Marquez Cunha, Carolina Boaventura Diniz, Gustavo Gontijo Domingos, Juliana Diniz Silva, Marcelo Vitral Vitorino Santos, Melissa Ganam Antoun & Rodrigo Lobato de Paula - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (5‐6):417-424.
    ABSTRACT The presence of truth and honesty is a permanent demand, and becomes vital the more committed and intimate a relationship is. Medical practice is relevant to this discussion when one questions whether or not a physician should always tell their patient the truth in the face of a progressive or potentially fatal disease, regarding the diagnosis, outcome, therapy and evolution of the specific disease. From this discussion we aim, with the present report, to look at the truth applicable to (...)
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  18.  23
    The Florence Nightingale Effect: Organizational Identification Explains the Peculiar Link Between Others’ Suffering and Workplace Functioning in the Homelessness Sector.Laura J. Ferris, Jolanda Jetten, Melissa Johnstone, Elise Girdham, Cameron Parsell & Zoe C. Walter - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  19.  11
    Theta Activity in the Left Dorsal Premotor Cortex During Action Re-Evaluation and Motor Reprogramming.Giovanni Pellegrino, Leo Tomasevic, Damian Marc Herz, Kit Melissa Larsen & Hartwig Roman Siebner - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  20.  52
    Local anatomy, stimulation site, and time alter directional deep brain stimulation impedances.Joseph W. Olson, Christopher L. Gonzalez, Sarah Brinkerhoff, Maria Boolos, Melissa H. Wade, Christopher P. Hurt, Arie Nakhmani, Bart L. Guthrie & Harrison C. Walker - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Directional deep brain stimulation contacts provide greater spatial flexibility for therapy than traditional ring-shaped electrodes, but little is known about longitudinal changes of impedance and orientation. We measured monopolar and bipolar impedance of DBS contacts in 31 patients who underwent unilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation as part of a randomized study. At different follow-up visits, patients were assigned new stimulation configurations and impedance was measured. Additionally, we measured the orientation of the directional lead during surgery, immediately after surgery, and (...)
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  21.  23
    Reviewer Acknowledgement.Bradley Agle, Christopher Allen, Jorg Andriof, Barbara Altman, Melissa Baucus, Shawn Berman, Jean Boddewyn, Brad Brown, Ann Buchholtz & Jerry Calton - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (1):5.
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  22.  7
    The role of motivation in the association of political ideology with cognitive performance.Axel M. Burger, Stefan Pfattheicher & Melissa Jauch - 2020 - Cognition 195 (C):104124.
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  23. Effects of partner's ability on the achievement and conceptual organization of high‐achieving fifth‐grade students.Glenda Carter, M. Gail Jones & Melissa Rua - 2003 - Science Education 87 (1):94-111.
     
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  24.  24
    Ethics requirements and impact factor.Philippe Charlier, Valérie Bridoux, Laurence Watier, Melissa Ménétrier, Geoffroy Lorin de la Grandmaison & Christian Hervé - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):253-255.
    Do all clinical research publications show strong application of ethics principles and respect for biomedical law? We examined, for the year 2009, the ethics requirements displayed on the website of 30 leading medical journals with an impact factor (IF) >10, and 30 others with an IF <10. We carried out a short study looking at the relationship between the IF of a journal and the ethics requirements in its instructions to authors. We show that the IF of a biomedical journal (...)
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  25.  25
    Electronic health information system at an opioid treatment programme: roadblocks to implementation.Ben Louie, Steven Kritz, Lawrence S. Brown Jr, Melissa Chu, Charles Madray & Roberto Zavala - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):734-738.
  26.  2
    In memoriam of Emily Butler, 1963–2023.Iris Mauss, Dave Sbarra, Melissa Curran, James J. Gross & Kobus Barnard - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (8):1464-1466.
    Emily Butler, a psychologist and Professor of Family Studies and Human Development (FSHD) at the University of Arizona, passed away on January 31, 2023. Dr. Butler was born on October 3, 1963 in Wi...
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  27.  12
    Relational Memory at Short and Long Delays in Individuals With Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.Emily L. Morrow, Michael R. Dulas, Neal J. Cohen & Melissa C. Duff - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  28.  22
    Content and Themes of Repetitive Thinking in Postnatal First-Time Mothers.Jill M. Newby, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Melissa J. Black, Colette R. Hirsch & Michelle L. Moulds - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Repetitive thinking predicts and maintains depression and anxiety, yet the role of RT in the perinatal context has been under-researched. Further, the content and themes that emerge during RT in the perinatal period have been minimally investigated. We recruited an online community sample of women who had their first baby within the past 12 months. Participants completed a battery of self-report questionnaires which included four open-ended questions about the content of their RT. Responses to the latter were analyzed using an (...)
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  29.  14
    The “War on Drugs” Affects Children Too: Racial Inequities in Pediatric Populations.Aleksandra E. Olszewski, Tracy L. Seimears, Jessica E. McDade, Melissa Martos, Austin DeChalus, Anthony L. Bui, Emily Davis & Emily W. Kemper - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):49-51.
    Earp, Lewis, and Hart write about the racism entrenched in policies criminalizing drug use and possession and describe the disparate impact that these policies have on certain racialized com...
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  30.  22
    Conflict of Interest Disclosure in Orphan Drug Research.Daniel Patrone, Jen-Ting Wang, Melissa Haig, Rosemary Harris, Rebecca LeFebvre, Matthew Vedete & Taylor Zelka - 2014 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 5 (3):259-269.
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  31.  26
    Ethics in the Accounting Curriculum.Teresa M. Pergola & L. Melissa Walters - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 14:199-228.
    Academic accrediting/standard-setting bodies and the accounting profession view the continued emergence of reputation-damaging ethical transgressions within the accounting profession as a failure of accounting education to effectively implement necessary reforms. Although accounting educators have proposed various frameworks and instructional methods for improving ethics education, accounting still lags behind other professions in the moral development of aspiring professionals. The purpose of this paper is to provide a model for an enhanced ethics course developed for an accounting curriculum. The model course was (...)
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  32.  28
    The change probability effect: Incidental learning, adaptability, and shared visual working memory resources.Amanda E. van Lamsweerde & Melissa R. Beck - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1676-1689.
    Statistical properties in the visual environment can be used to improve performance on visual working memory tasks. The current study examined the ability to incidentally learn that a change is more likely to occur to a particular feature dimension and use this information to improve change detection performance for that dimension . Participants completed a change detection task in which one change type was more probable than others. Change probability effects were found for color and shape changes, but not location (...)
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  33.  35
    Perspectives on the ethical concerns and justifications of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV testing: HIV screening policy changes.Michael J. Waxman, Roland C. Merchant, M. T. Celada & Melissa A. Clark - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):46.
    The 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised recommendations for HIV testing in clinical settings contained seven specific changes to how health care facilities should provide HIV testing. These seven elements have been both supported and challenged in the lay and medical literature. Our first paper in BMC Medical Ethics presented an analysis of the three HIV testing procedural changes included in the recommendations. In this paper, we address the four remaining elements that concern HIV screening policy changes: (...)
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  34.  44
    Effects of an Employee Volunteering Program on the Work Force: The ABN-AMRO Case. [REVIEW]Dick de Gilder, Theo N. M. Schuyt & Melissa Breedijk - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (2):143-152.
    One of the new ways used by companies to demonstrate their social responsibility is to encourage employee volunteering, whereby employees engage in socially beneficial activities on company time, while being paid by the company. The reasoning is that it is good for employee motivation (internal effects) and good for the company reputation (external effects). This article reports an empirical investigation of the internal effects of employee volunteering conducted amongst employees of the Dutch ABN-AMRO bank. The study showed that (a) socio-demographic (...)
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  35.  54
    Infants' understanding of false labeling events: the referential roles of words and the speakers who use them.Melissa A. Koenig & Catharine H. Echols - 2003 - Cognition 87 (3):179-208.
  36. Sexual Agency and Sexual Wrongs: A Dilemma for Consent Theory.Melissa Rees & Jonathan Ichikawa - 2024 - Philosophers' Imprint 24 (1):1-23.
    On a version of consent theory that tempts many, predatory sexual relations involving significant power imbalances (e.g. between professors and students, adults and teenagers, or employers and employees) are wrong because they violate consent-centric norms. In particular, the wronged party is said to have been incapable of consenting to the predation, and the sexual wrong is located in the encounter’s nonconsensuality. Although we agree that these are sexual wrongs, we resist the idea that they are always nonconsensual. We argue instead (...)
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  37.  46
    Reseña "Los medios y la política. Relación aviesa" de Melissa Salazar y Robinson Salazar.Melissa Salazar - 2012 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 17 (56):110-115.
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  38.  19
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Lynda Stone, Deborah P. Britzman, Beth L. Goldstein, Gunilla Holm, Melissa Keyes, Virginia Davis Nordin, Patricia A. Schmuck & Gail P. Kelly - 1990 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 21 (2):221-261.
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  39. Trapped in the Wrong Body? Transgender Identity Claims, Body-Self Dualism, and the False Promise of Gender Reassignment Therapy.Melissa Moschella - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (6):782-804.
    In this article, I explore difficult and sensitive questions regarding the nature of transgender identity claims and the appropriate medical treatment for those suffering from gender dysphoria. I first analyze conceptions of transgender identity, highlighting the prominence of the wrong-body narrative and its dualist presuppositions. I then briefly argue that dualism is false because our bodily identity is essential and intrinsic to our overall personal identity and explain why a sound, nondualist anthropology implies that gender identity cannot be entirely divorced (...)
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  40.  30
    Evidence, ethics and the promise of artificial intelligence in psychiatry.Melissa McCradden, Katrina Hui & Daniel Z. Buchman - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (8):573-579.
    Researchers are studying how artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to better detect, prognosticate and subgroup diseases. The idea that AI might advance medicine’s understanding of biological categories of psychiatric disorders, as well as provide better treatments, is appealing given the historical challenges with prediction, diagnosis and treatment in psychiatry. Given the power of AI to analyse vast amounts of information, some clinicians may feel obligated to align their clinical judgements with the outputs of the AI system. However, a potential (...)
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  41. Kant on Reflection and Virtue.Melissa Merritt - 2018 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    There can be no doubt that Kant thought we should be reflective: we ought to care to make up our own minds about how things are and what is worth doing. Philosophical objections to the Kantian reflective ideal have centred on concerns about the excessive control that the reflective person is supposed to exert over her own mental life, and Kantians who feel the force of these objections have recently drawn attention to Kant’s conception of moral virtue as it is (...)
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  42.  38
    Living ethically, acting politically.Melissa A. Orlie - 1997 - Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Political scientist Melissa Orlie asks what it means to live freely and responsibly when advantages are distributed disproportionately according to race, gender ...
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  43.  61
    Rawls and Habermas on religion in the public sphere.Melissa Yates - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (7):880-891.
    In recent essays, Jürgen Habermas endorses an account of political liberalism much like John Rawls'. Like Rawls, he argues that laws and public policies should be justified only in neutral terms, i.e. in terms of reasons that people holding conflicting world-views could accept. Habermas also, much like Rawls, distinguishes reasonable religious citizens, whose views should be included in public discourse, from unreasonable citizens in his expectation that religious citizens self-modernize. But in sharing these Rawlsian features, Habermas is vulnerable to some (...)
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  44.  59
    The interplay of episodic and semantic memory in guiding repeated search in scenes.Melissa L.-H. Võ & Jeremy M. Wolfe - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):198-212.
  45. Introduction: The practice of deparochializing political theory.Melissa S. Williams - 2020 - In Deparochializing Political Theory. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  46. Deontic Modality and the Semantics of Choice.Melissa Fusco - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    I propose a unified solution to two puzzles: Ross's puzzle and free choice permission. I begin with a pair of cases from the decision theory literature illustrating the phenomenon of act dependence, where what an agent ought to do depends on what she does. The notion of permissibility distilled from these cases forms the basis for my analysis of 'may' and 'ought'. This framework is then combined with a generalization of the classical semantics for disjunction — equivalent to Boolean disjunction (...)
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  47.  63
    Life's Dominion.Melissa Lane & Ronald Dworkin - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):413.
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  48.  54
    Integrated But Not Whole? Applying an Ontological Account of Human Organismal Unity to the Brain Death Debate.Melissa Moschella - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (8):550-556.
    As is clear in the 2008 report of the President's Council on Bioethics, the brain death debate is plagued by ambiguity in the use of such key terms as ‘integration’ and ‘wholeness’. Addressing this problem, I offer a plausible ontological account of organismal unity drawing on the work of Hoffman and Rosenkrantz, and then apply that account to the case of brain death, concluding that a brain dead body lacks the unity proper to a human organism, and has therefore undergone (...)
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  49. Realism, Rational Action, and the Humean Theory of Motivation.Melissa Barry - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (3):231-242.
    Realists about practical reasons agree that judgments regarding reasons are beliefs. They disagree, however, over the question of how such beliefs motivate rational action. Some adopt a Humean conception of motivation, according to which beliefs about reasons must combine with independently existing desires in order to motivate rational action; others adopt an anti-Humean view, according to which beliefs can motivate rational action in their own right, either directly or by giving rise to a new desire that in turn motivates the (...)
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  50. The Social Epistemology of Clinical Placebos.Melissa Rees - 2024 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 49 (3):233-245.
    Many extant theories of placebo focus on their causal structure wherein placebo effects are those that originate from select features of the therapy (e.g., client expectations or “incidental” features like size and shape). Although such accounts can distinguish placebos from standard medical treatments, they cannot distinguish placebos from everyday occurrences, for example, when positive feedback improves our performance on a task. Providing a social-epistemological account of a treatment context can rule out such occurrences, and furthermore reveal a new way to (...)
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