Results for 'Melvin Ezell Gorham'

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  1. The Pagan Bible.Melvin Ezell Gorham - 1962 - Portland, Or., Binfords & Mort.
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  2.  25
    The Justice Motive in Everyday Life: Essays in Honor of Melvin J. Lerner.Melvin J. Lerner, Michael Ross & Dale T. Miller (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book contains new essays in honor of Melvin J. Lerner, a pioneer in the psychological study of justice. The contributors to this volume are internationally renowned scholars from psychology, business, and law. They examine the role of justice motivation in a wide variety of contexts, including workplace violence, affirmative action programs, helping or harming innocent victims and how people react to their own fate. Contributors explore fundamental issues such as whether people's interest in justice is motivated by self-interest (...)
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  3.  5
    First-Order Modal Logic.Melvin Fitting & Richard L. Mendelsohn - 1998 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This is a thorough treatment of first-order modal logic. The book covers such issues as quantification, equality (including a treatment of Frege's morning star/evening star puzzle), the notion of existence, non-rigid constants and function symbols, predicate abstraction, the distinction between nonexistence and nondesignation, and definite descriptions, borrowing from both Fregean and Russellian paradigms.
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  4.  40
    Mundane Reasoning.Melvin Pollner - 1974 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (1):35-54.
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  5.  31
    The Undiscovered Dewey: Religion, Morality, and the Ethos of Democracy.Melvin L. Rogers - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    _The Undiscovered Dewey_ explores the profound influence of evolution and its corresponding ideas of contingency and uncertainty on John Dewey's philosophy of action, particularly its argument that inquiry proceeds from the uncertainty of human activity. Dewey separated the meaningfulness of inquiry from a larger metaphysical story concerning the certainty of human progress. He then connected this thread to the way in which our reflective capacities aid us in improving our lives. Dewey therefore launched a new understanding of the modern self (...)
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  6.  6
    Logic and Structure.Melvin Fitting - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):826-827.
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  7.  46
    'The Very Coinage of Your Brain': The Anatomy of Reality Disjunctures.Melvin Pollner - 1975 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5 (3):411-430.
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  8.  33
    Systems and Theories in Psychology.Melvin Herman Marx - 1973 - New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
  9. The Romantic Sublime: Studies in the Structure and Psychology of Transcendence.Melvin Rader - 1976 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 35 (2):253-255.
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  10.  72
    A Tale of Two Deficits: Causality and Care in Medical AI.Melvin Chen - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):245-267.
    In this paper, two central questions will be addressed: ought we to implement medical AI technology in the medical domain? If yes, how ought we to implement this technology? I will critically engage with three options that exist with respect to these central questions: the Neo-Luddite option, the Assistive option, and the Substitutive option. I will first address key objections on behalf of the Neo-Luddite option: the Objection from Bias, the Objection from Artificial Autonomy, the Objection from Status Quo, and (...)
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  11.  48
    Criterial Problems in Creative Cognition Research.Melvin Chen - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (3):368-382.
    In creative cognition research, the Romantic view about creative cognition is traditionally rejected in favor of the modern view. The modern view about creative cognition maintains that creativity is neither mysterious nor unintelligible and that it is indeed susceptible to analysis. The paradigmatic objects of analysis in creative cognition research have been creative output and the creative process. The degree of creativity of an output is assessed in accordance with certain criterial definitions. The degree of creativity of a cognitive process (...)
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  12.  32
    The Stable Model Semantics for Logic Programming.Melvin Fitting - 1992 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (1):274-277.
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  13.  16
    David Walker and the Political Power of the Appeal.Melvin L. Rogers - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (2):208-233.
    David Walker’s famous 1829 Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World expresses a puzzle at the very outset. What are we to make of the use of “Citizens” in the title given the denial of political rights to African Americans? This essay argues that the pamphlet relies on the cultural and linguistic norms associated with the term appeal in order to call into existence the political standing of black folks. Walker’s use of citizen does not need to rely on (...)
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  14.  41
    Care, Narrativity, and the Nature of Disponibilité.Melvin Chen - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):778-793.
    This paper attempts to make more explicit the relationship between narrativity and feminist care ethics. The central concern is the way in which narrativity carries the semantic load that some accounts of feminist care ethics imply but leave hanging. In so doing, some feminist theorists of care-based ethics then undervalue the major contribution that narrativity provides to care ethics: it carries the semantic load that is essential to the best care. In this article, I defend the narrative as the central (...)
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  15.  16
    Francisco de Vitoria and Francisco Suárez on Religious Authority and Cause for Justified War: The Centrality of Religious War in the Christian Just War Tradition.Melvin Endy - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (2):289-331.
  16.  21
    Tableau Methods of Proof for Modal Logics.Melvin Fitting - 1972 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (2):237-247.
  17.  20
    Proof Methods for Modal and Intuitionistic Logics.Melvin Fitting - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (3):855-856.
  18.  3
    How We Think About Temporal Words: A Gestural Priming Study in English and Chinese.Melvin M. R. Ng, Winston D. Goh, Melvin J. Yap, Chi-Shing Tse & Wing-Chee So - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  19.  57
    Bilattices and the Semantics of Logic Programming.Melvin Fitting - unknown
    Bilattices, due to M. Ginsberg, are a family of truth value spaces that allow elegantly for missing or conflicting information. The simplest example is Belnap’s four-valued logic, based on classical two-valued logic. Among other examples are those based on finite many-valued logics, and on probabilistic valued logic. A fixed point semantics is developed for logic programming, allowing any bilattice as the space of truth values. The mathematics is little more complex than in the classical two-valued setting, but the result provides (...)
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  20.  32
    Imagination Machines, Dartmouth-Based Turing Tests, & a Potted History of Responses.Melvin Chen - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-5.
    Mahadevan proposes that we are at the cusp of imagination science, one of whose primary concerns will be the design of imagination machines. Programs have been written that are capable of generating jokes, producing line-drawings that have been exhibited at such galleries as the Tate, composing music in several styles reminiscent of such greats as Vivaldi and Mozart, proving geometry theorems, and inducing quantitative laws from empirical data. In recent years, Dartmouth has been hosting Turing Tests in creativity in three (...)
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  21.  67
    A Family of Political Concepts.Melvin Richter - 2005 - European Journal of Political Theory 4 (3):221-248.
    It has been argued recently that tyranny is a persisting phenomenon very much alive today, a greater danger than newer forms of misrule such as totalitarianism. One argument is based on human nature being such that the temptation to abuse political power in the form of tyranny remains a possibility in all societies. Another defines tyranny as a spiritual disorder of the soul and polity. Both date the 19th century as the time when tyranny dropped out of the western political (...)
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  22.  24
    Notes on the Mathematical Aspects of Kripke's Theory of Truth.Melvin Fitting - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):75-88.
  23.  67
    Strawson Contra Strawson: Moral Responsibility and Semi‐Compatibilism.Melvin Chen - 2014 - Philosophical Forum 45 (1):1-15.
    This paper addresses the Basic Argument in favour of incompatibilism, both in its Strawsonian form and in its weakened form (the CDA). After examining the worries raised by this argument, I will defend a version of semi-compatibilism that is motivated by a narrative theory of the self, arguing that moral responsibility is possible even if the thesis of determinism is taken to be incompatible with the thesis of freedom of will. The semi-compatibilist argument that I provide lowers the standard of (...)
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  24.  23
    Intuitionistic Logic, Model Theory and Forcing.Melvin Fitting - 1969 - Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co..
  25.  73
    The Logic of Proofs, Semantically.Melvin Fitting - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (1):1-25.
    A new semantics is presented for the logic of proofs (LP), [1, 2], based on the intuition that it is a logic of explicit knowledge. This semantics is used to give new proofs of several basic results concerning LP. In particular, the realization of S4 into LP is established in a way that carefully examines and explicates the role of the + operator. Finally connections are made with the conventional approach, via soundness and completeness results.
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  26.  21
    I See White People. No, Really, I See White People.Melvin Armstrong - 2015 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 47 (1):17-21.
  27.  11
    Constitutive and Mundane Versions of Labeling Theory.Melvin Pollner - 1978 - Human Studies 1 (1):269 - 288.
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  28.  13
    Philosophy in a New Key. [REVIEW]Melvin Rader - 1957 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (2):269-270.
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  29.  16
    First Order Modal Logic.Melvin Fitting & Richard Mendelsohn - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):287-289.
  30.  73
    Many-Valued Modal Logics.Melvin C. Fitting - unknown
    Two families of many-valued modal logics are investigated. Semantically, one family is characterized using Kripke models that allow formulas to take values in a finite many-valued logic, at each possible world. The second family generalizes this to allow the accessibility relation between worlds also to be many-valued. Gentzen sequent calculi are given for both versions, and soundness and completeness are established.
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  31.  31
    Suicide and Euthanasia: Historical and Contemporary Themes.Melvin J. Brandon - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):412-414.
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  32.  55
    Dewey and His Vision of Democracy.Melvin L. Rogers - 2010 - Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (1):69-91.
    In this essay, I maintain that Dewey's 1888 article “The Ethics of Democracy” is the most immediate thematic and conceptual predecessor to The Public and Its Problems. Both texts revolve around a number of key themes at the heart of Dewey's thinking about democracy: the relationship between the individual and society, the legitimacy of majoritarianism, and the significance and meaning of political deliberation. When these themes are taken together we come to understand the anti-elitist core of Dewey's political thinking.
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  33.  71
    Kleene's Three Valued Logics and Their Children.Melvin Fitting - unknown
    Kleene’s strong three-valued logic extends naturally to a four-valued logic proposed by Belnap. We introduce a guard connective into Belnap’s logic and consider a few of its properties. Then we show that by using it four-valued analogs of Kleene’s weak three-valued logic, and the asymmetric logic of Lisp are also available. We propose an extension of these ideas to the family of distributive bilattices. Finally we show that for bilinear bilattices the extensions do not produce any new equivalences.
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  34.  57
    The Theological Foundation of Hobbesian Physics: A Defence of Corporeal God.Geoffrey Gorham - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):240 - 261.
    (2013). The Theological Foundation of Hobbesian Physics: A Defence of Corporeal God. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 240-261. doi: 10.1080/09608788.2012.692663.
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  35.  2
    Ethics in an Age of Pervasive Technology.Melvin Kranzberg (ed.) - 1980 - Westview Press.
  36.  23
    The Public and its Problems: An Essay in Political Inquiry.Melvin L. Rogers (ed.) - 2012 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The revival of interest in pragmatism and its practical relevance for democracy has prompted a reconsideration of John Dewey’s political philosophy. Dewey’s _The Public and Its Problems _ constitutes his richest and most systematic meditation on the future of democracy in an age of mass communication, governmental bureaucracy, social complexity, and pluralism. Drawing on his previous writings and prefiguring his later thinking, Dewey argues for the importance of civic participation and clarifies the meaning and role of the state, the proper (...)
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  37.  83
    Action and Inquiry in Dewey's Philosophy.Melvin L. Rogers - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (1):90-115.
    Dewey's conception of inquiry is often criticized for misdescribing the complexities of life that outstrip the reach of intelligence. This article argues that we can ascertain his subtle account of inquiry if we read it as a transformation of Aristotle's categories of knowledge: episteme, phronesis, and techne. For Dewey, inquiry is the process by which practical as well as theoretical knowledge emerges. He thus extends the contingency Aristotle attributes to ethical and political life to all domains of action. Knowledge claims (...)
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  38.  26
    Paraconsistent Logic, Evidence, and Justification.Melvin Fitting - 2017 - Studia Logica 105 (6):1149-1166.
    In a forthcoming paper, Walter Carnielli and Abilio Rodrigues propose a Basic Logic of Evidence whose natural deduction rules are thought of as preserving evidence instead of truth. BLE turns out to be equivalent to Nelson’s paraconsistent logic N4, resulting from adding strong negation to Intuitionistic logic without Intuitionistic negation. The Carnielli/Rodrigues understanding of evidence is informal. Here we provide a formal alternative, using justification logic. First we introduce a modal logic, KX4, in which \ can be read as asserting (...)
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  39.  48
    A Theoretical Analysis of the Functional Matrix.Melvin L. Moss - 1968 - Acta Biotheoretica 18 (1-4):195-202.
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  40.  71
    Descartes on the Innateness of All Ideas.Geoffrey Gorham - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):355 - 388.
    Though Descartes is traditionally associated with the moderately nativist doctrine that our ideas of God, of eternal truths, and of true and immutable natures are innate, on two occasions he explicitly argued that all of our ideas, even sensory ideas, are innate in the mind. One reason it is surprising to find Descartes endorsing universal innateness is that such a view seems to leave no role for bodies in the production of our ideas of them.
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  41.  52
    Democracy, Elites and Power: John Dewey Reconsidered.Melvin L. Rogers - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (1):68-89.
    This essay demonstrates that the management and contestability of power is central to Dewey's understanding of democracy and provides a middle ground between two opposite poles within democratic theory: Either the masses become the genuine danger to democratic governance or elites are described as bent on controlling the masses. Yet, the answer to managing the relationship between them and the demos is never forthcoming. I argue that Dewey's response to Lippmann for how we ought to conceive of the relationship between (...)
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  42. Many-Valued Modal Logics II.Melvin Fitting - unknown
    Suppose there are several experts, with some dominating others (expert A dominates expert B if B says something is true whenever A says it is). Suppose, further, that each of the experts has his or her own view of what is possible — in other words each of the experts has their own Kripke model in mind (subject, of course, to the dominance relation that may hold between experts). How will they assign truth values to sentences in a common modal (...)
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  43. Descartes on the Infinity of Space Vs. Time.Geoffrey Gorham - 2018 - In Ohad Nachtomy & Reed Winegar (eds.), Infinity in Early Modern Philosophy. Berlin: Brill. pp. 45-61.
    In two rarely discussed passages – from unpublished notes on the Principles of Philosophy and a 1647 letter to Chanut – Descartes argues that the question of the infinite extension of space is importantly different from the infinity of time. In both passages, he is anxious to block the application of his well-known argument for the indefinite extension of space to time, in order to avoid the theologically problematic implication that the world has no beginning. Descartes concedes that we always (...)
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  44.  40
    Is Ethics Nonsense?: The Imagination, and the Spirit Against the Limit.Melvin Chen - 2015 - Philosophy and Literature 39 (1):172-187.
    The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.In the exegetical tradition of Wittgenstein, there have existed three types of readings: the positivist reading, the ineffability reading, and the resolute reading. In this essay, I will be adhering to the resolute reading, whose roots may be traced to James Conant and Cora Diamond. However, the positivist reading of Wittgenstein having been historically prior and still in currency, it bears first examining the features of this approach.2Two readings may be regarded as paradigmatic (...)
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  45. Cartesian Causation: Continuous, Instantaneous, Overdetermined.Geoffrey Gorham - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (4):389-423.
    : Descartes provides an original and puzzling argument for the traditional theological doctrine that the world is continuously created by God. His key premise is that the parts of the duration of anything are "completely independent" of one another. I argue that Descartes derives this temporal independence thesis simply from the principle that causes are necessarily simultaneous with their effects. I argue further that it follows from Descartes's version of the continuous creation doctrine that God is the instantaneous and total (...)
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  46.  37
    Apologia Pro Vita-Fabula Sua: Defending Narrativity and How We Make Sense of Our Lives.Melvin Chen - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (3):251-268.
    This paper attempts to provide a defence for a narrative theory of the self in the face of criticisms from the anti-narrative camp. It begins by addressing certain uncontroversial premises that both pro- and the anti-narrative camps might be thought to agree on: the status of humans as homo significans or meaning-makers, the natural form-finding tendency and certain desiderata for significance and value that we possess, and the raw material of life and its constituents that we proceed from. Whereas the (...)
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  47.  70
    Descartes on Time and Duration.Geoffrey Gorham - 2007 - Early Science and Medicine 12 (1):28-54.
    Descartes' account of the material world relies heavily on time. Most importantly, time is a component of speed, which figures in his fundamental conservation principle and laws. However, in his most systematic discussion of the concept, time is treated as some-how reducible both to thought and to motion. Such reductionistic views, while common among Descartes' late scholastic contemporaries, are very ill-suited to Cartesian physics. I show that, in spite of the apparent identifications with thought and motion, Cartesian time retains—in the (...)
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  48.  30
    First-Order Modal Logic.Melvin Fitting, R. Mendelsohn & Roderic A. Girle - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (3):429-430.
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  49.  78
    Kleene's Logic, Generalized.Melvin Fitting - unknown
    Kleene’s well-known strong three-valued logic is shown to be one of a family of logics with similar mathematical properties. These logics are produced by an intuitively natural construction. The resulting logics have direct relationships with bilattices. In addition they possess mathematical features that lend themselves well to semantical constructions based on fixpoint procedures, as in logic programming.
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  50.  71
    Dewey, Pluralism, and Democracy: A Response to Robert Talisse.Melvin L. Rogers - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 75-79.
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