Results for 'Melvyn S. Berger'

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  1.  5
    Order Beyond Periodicity: Fighting Chaos for Quasiperiodic Motion of Nonlinear Hamiltonian Systems.Melvyn S. Berger - 1995 - In R. J. Russell, N. Murphy & A. R. Peacocke (eds.), Chaos and Complexity. Vatican Observatory Publications. pp. 185.
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  2. Mill's Utilitarianism: Critical Essays.Elizabeth S. Anderson, F. R. Berger, David O. Brink, D. G. Brown, Amy Gutmann, Peter Railton, J. O. Urmson & Henry R. West - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism continues to serve as a rich source of moral and theoretical insight. This collection of articles by top scholars offers fresh interpretations of Mill's ideas about happiness, moral obligation, justice, and rights. Applying contemporary philosophical insights, the articles challenge the conventional readings of Mill, and, in the process, contribute to a deeper understanding of utilitarian theory as well as the complexity of moral life.
     
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  3.  33
    Brouwer's Fan Theorem and Unique Existence in Constructive Analysis.Josef Berger & Hajime Ishihara - 2005 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (4):360-364.
    Many existence propositions in constructive analysis are implied by the lesser limited principle of omniscience LLPO; sometimes one can even show equivalence. It was discovered recently that some existence propositions are equivalent to Bouwer's fan theorem FAN if one additionally assumes that there exists at most one object with the desired property. We are providing a list of conditions being equivalent to FAN, such as a unique version of weak König's lemma. This illuminates the relation between FAN and LLPO. Furthermore, (...)
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  4.  5
    Language and the Ineffable: A Developmental Perspective and its Applications.Louis S. Berger - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    The prevailing conception of language is often called "the received view." Though ubiquitous, Louis S. Berger demonstrates its flaws and the difficulties it raises for other disciplines, such as philosophy and physics. In Language and the Ineffable, Berger develops an unconventional model of human development: ontogenesis. A radical and generative feature of the model is the premise that the neonate's world is holistic, boundary-less, unimaginable, and impossible to describe; in other words, ineffable. This study unsettles the foundations of (...)
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  5.  59
    Patient Autonomy in Talmudic Context: The Patient’s ‘‘I Must Eat’’ on Yom Kippur in the Light of Contemporary Bioethics.Zackary Berger & Joshua Cahan - 2016 - Journal of Religion and Health 5 (5):5.
    In contemporary bioethics, the autonomy of the patient has assumed considerable importance. Progressing from a more limited notion of informed consent, shared decision making calls upon patients to voice the desires and preferences of their authentic self, engaging in choice among alternatives as a way to exercise deeply held values. One influential opinion in Jewish bioethics holds that Jewish law, in contradistinction to secular bioethics, limits the patient's exercise of autonomy only in those instances in which treatment choices are sensitive (...)
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  6.  84
    Acquiring Emptiness: Interpreting Nāgārjuna's Mmk 24:18.Douglas L. Berger - 2010 - Philosophy East and West 60 (1):pp. 40-64.
    A pivotal focus of exegesis of Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārïkā (MMK) for the past half century has been the attempt to decipher the text's philosophy of language, and determine how this best aids us in characterizing Madhyamaka thought as a whole. In this vein, MMK 24:18 has been judged of particular weight insofar as it purportedly insists that the concepts pratītyasamutpāda (conditioned co-arising) and śūnyatā (emptiness), both indispensable to Buddhist praxis, are themselves only "nominal" or "conventional," that is, they are merely labels (...)
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  7.  29
    Classifying Dini's Theorem.Josef Berger & Peter Schuster - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):253-262.
    Dini's theorem says that compactness of the domain, a metric space, ensures the uniform convergence of every simply convergent monotone sequence of real-valued continuous functions whose limit is continuous. By showing that Dini's theorem is equivalent to Brouwer's fan theorem for detachable bars, we provide Dini's theorem with a classification in the recently established constructive reverse mathematics propagated by Ishihara. As a complement, Dini's theorem is proved to be equivalent to the analogue of the fan theorem, weak König's lemma, in (...)
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  8.  15
    The Accidental Theorist: Diana Mutz's Normative and Empirical Insights.Ben Berger - 2013 - Critical Review 25 (2):181-198.
    ABSTRACT On the surface, Diana Mutz's Hearing the Other Side is a work about empirical realities. But it is also an exercise in normative theory. Mutz's chief empirical findings are that people who are exposed to political disagreement tend to become less politically active and that, conversely, political activists tend not to hear views that challenge their own. These findings raise the question of whether participatory and deliberative ideals are compatible with each other, and, in addition, whether they are either (...)
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  9.  9
    From the End of Man to the Art of Life: Rereading Foucault’s Changing Aesthetics.Kenneth Berger - forthcoming - Foucault Studies:125-150.
    In Foucault’s writing throughout the 1960s, in which he foregrounds the critical function of language and signification, works of art and literature – and works of avant-garde art and literature in particular – appear prominently and are the objects of sustained theoretical investment. In the 1970s, however, as Foucault moves away from his earlier concern with language’s capacity to dissolve “man” and begins to concentrate instead on the ways in which man is governed, works of art and literature no longer (...)
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  10.  21
    Discussion of David Freedman's “Some Issues in the Foundations of Statistics”.James Berger - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (1):41-67.
    While results from statistical modelling too often receive blind acceptance, we question whether there is any real alternative to use of modelling. This does not diminish the main point of Professor Freedman, which is that healthy scepticism towards models is needed. While agreeing with many of Professor Freedman's points concerning the objectivist debate, we argue that there is a Bayesian school of objectivists that possesses considerable advantages over the classical objectivist school. At the least, the debate needs to be enlarged (...)
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  11.  26
    Martinus Anglicus (dictus Bilond?), Tractatus de suppositione. Einleitung und Text von Harald Berger.Harald Berger - 2007 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12 (1):157-173.
    L. M. de Rijk supposed in 1982 that two anonymous logical tracts in the Viennese Codex 4698, fol. 18r-27v, may be the work of Martinus Anglicus to whom a tract on consequences and one on obligations are ascribed in that codex. The tract on supposition of which the Viennese codex hands down only a fragment of the beginning is contained completely in Hs I 613 of the Stadtbibliothek Mainz, fol. 20vb-21vb. This finding ensures the authorship of Martinus Anglicus and allows (...)
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  12.  19
    Henry David Thoreau's Science in The Dispersion of Seeds.Michael Berger - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (4):381-397.
    A major manuscript by nineteenth-century American writer-naturalist Henry David Thoreau was published for the first time in 1993. The Dispersion of Seeds is a study of ecological dynamics in forests in and around Concord, Massachusetts. Drafted by Thoreau just before his premature death in 1862, it emphasizes plant-animal mutualism in the dispersion of oak seed, as a fundamental factor in forest succession patterns. If Thoreau had lived to publish this study, it is likely that his pioneering role in the history (...)
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  13.  10
    Martinus Anglicus, Tractatus de Suppositione. Einleitung Und Text von Harald Berger.Harald Berger - 2007 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12:157-173.
    L. M. de Rijk supposed in 1982 that two anonymous logical tracts in the Viennese Codex 4698, fol. 18r-27v, may be the work of Martinus Anglicus to whom a tract on consequences and one on obligations are ascribed in that codex. The tract on supposition of which the Viennese codex hands down only a fragment of the beginning is contained completely in Hs I 613 of the Stadtbibliothek Mainz, fol. 20vb-21vb. This finding ensures the authorship of Martinus Anglicus and allows (...)
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  14. "Veil of Maya, The": Schopenhauer's System and Early Indian Thought.Douglas L. Berger - 2004 - State University of New York Press.
    Explores the interpretive problems, complexities, and legacies of Schopenhauer’s encounter with ancient India.
     
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  15.  38
    Testing Epistemic Democracy’s Claims for Majority Rule.William J. Berger & Adam Sales - forthcoming - Politics, Philosophy and Economics.
    While epistemic democrats have claimed that majority rule recruits the wisdom of the crowd to identify correct answers to political problems, the conjecture remains abstract. This article illustrat...
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  16.  19
    Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace.Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):7 – 13.
    Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left. Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism, inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to (...)
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  17.  36
    Kant's Aesthetic Theory: The Beautiful and Agreeable.David Berger - 2009 - Continuum.
    The twofold conception of taste -- The beautiful and the agreeable -- Sensations and interests -- Some varieties of normativity.
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  18.  16
    A Separating Hyperplane Theorem, the Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing, and Markov's Principle.Josef Berger & Gregor Svindland - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (11):1161-1170.
  19. Martin Meurisse's Garden of Logic.Susanna Berger - 2013 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 76 (2):203-250.
  20.  54
    Say What You Mean and Mean What You Say: A Patient's Conflicting Preferences for Care.Jeffrey T. Berger & Martin Gunderson - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (1):14-15.
  21.  6
    Shipwrecked or Holding Water? In Defense of Alvin Plantinga’s Warranted Christian Believer.Jeroen de Ridder & Mathanja Berger - 2013 - Philo 16 (1):42-61.
  22. The Cogito in Husserl's Philosophy.Gaston Berger - 1972 - Northwestern University Press.
  23.  5
    Brouwer’s Fan Theorem and Convexity.Josef Berger & Gregor Svindland - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (4):1363-1375.
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  24.  50
    Did Buddhism Ever Go East?: The Westernization of Buddhism in Chad Hansen's Daoist Historiography.Douglas L. Berger - 2011 - Philosophy East and West 61 (1):38-55.
    The scholarly career of Professor Chad Hansen has been devoted in large measure to an elucidation of the relationship between the classical Chinese language and the structure and aims of pre-Qin philosophical thought. His “mass-noun” hypothesis of classical Chinese thought, his notion of dao 道 as “guiding discourse,” and his clarifications of the significance of Mohism are marked achievements from which all of us have benefited immensely. In the opening chapters of A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought, Hansen prefaces his (...)
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  25.  22
    Schelling’s Theory of Symbolic Language: Forming the System of Identity. [REVIEW]Benjamin Berger - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):208-211.
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  26.  6
    S. J. McGrath The Dark Ground of Spirit: Schelling and the Unconscious. Routledge, 2012. ISBN 978-0-4154-9212-6 . Pp. 232. [REVIEW]Benjamin Berger - 2014 - Hegel Bulletin 35 (1):152-158.
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  27.  6
    A Many-Sorted Variant of Japaridze’s Polymodal Provability Logic.Gerald Berger, Lev D. Beklemishev & Hans Tompits - 2018 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 26 (5):505-538.
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  28.  32
    G. Gierz, K. H. Hofmann, K. Keimel, J. D. Lawson, M. W. Mislove and D. S. Scott, Continuous Lattices and Domains.Ulrich Berger - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (1):137-138.
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  29.  30
    Mill's Substantive Principles of Justice: A Comparison with Nozick.Fred R. Berger - 1982 - American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (4):373 - 380.
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  30.  18
    Aligning the Weak König Lemma, the Uniform Continuity Theorem, and Brouwer’s Fan Theorem.Josef Berger - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (8):981-985.
  31.  8
    RJW Evans and TV Thomas, Eds, Crown Church and Estates: Central European Politics in the 16th and 17th Centuries (New York: St Martin's Press, 1991), Studies In. [REVIEW]Klaus Berger, James M. Blythe, Albert Boime, Sandi E. Cooper, John A. Davies, Paul Ginsberg, Aleksa Djilas, Didier Eribon & Trans Betsy Wing - 1992 - South African Journal of Philosophy 11:24.
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  32.  8
    The Invention of Wisdom in Jean Chéron's Illustrated Thesis Print.Susanna Berger - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (3):343-366.
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  33.  7
    HCEC Pearls and Pitfalls: Suggested Do's and Don't's for Healthcare Ethics Consultants.Joseph A. Carrese, A. H. Antommaria, K. A. Berkowitz, J. Berger, J. Carrese, B. H. Childs, A. R. Derse, C. Gallagher, J. A. Gallagher & P. Goodman-Crews - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):234-240.
    Members of the Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs Standing Committee of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities present a collection of insights and recommendations developed from their collective experience, intended for those engaged in the work of healthcare ethics consultation.
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  34.  12
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace".Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):W1 – W3.
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  35.  2
    A Major Manufacturer’s Recordings: Shifts by CBS in Artistry and Song.David G. Berger, Bruce Anderson, K. Peter Etzkorn & Peter Hesbacher - 1978 - Communications 4 (3):375-392.
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  36. Assessing Hacker's Critique of Vedantic and Schopenhauerian Ethics.Douglas Berger - 2007 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:29-38.
     
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  37. Mill's Concept of Happiness.Fred Berger - 1978 - Interpretation 7 (3):95-117.
     
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  38. Monette's La Theorie des Premiers Principes Selon Maine de Biran. [REVIEW]Berger Berger - 1946 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7:663.
     
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  39. Metrosexual Manliness : Tocqueville's New Science of Energy.Ken Berger - 2008 - In Harvey Claflin Mansfield, Sharon R. Krause & Mary Ann McGrail (eds.), The Arts of Rule: Essays in Honor of Harvey Mansfield. Lexington Books.
  40. The Allegorical Temper, Visions and Reality in Book II of Spenser's Faerie Queene.H. BERGER - 1957
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  41. The Veil of Māyā: Schopenhauer's System and Early Indian Thought.Douglas L. Berger - 2004 - Global Academic.
  42.  22
    Evaluation of Medication Errors Via a Computerized Physician Order Entry System in an Inpatient Renal Transplant Unit.K. Marfo, D. Garcia, S. Khalique, K. Berger & A. Lu - 2011 - Transplant Research and Risk Management 2011.
    Kwaku Marfo, Danielle Garcia, Saira Khalique, Karen Berger, Amy LuMontefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USABackground: Medication errors are a prime concern for all in healthcare. As such the use of information technologies in drug prescribing and administration has received considerable attention in recent years, with the hope of improving patient safety. Because of the complexity of drug regimens in renal transplant patients, occurrence of medication errors is inevitable even with a well adopted computerized physician order entering system. Our objective (...)
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  43. Patient Centred Diagnosis: Sharing Diagnostic Decisions with Patients in Clinical Practice.Zackary Berger, J. P. Brito, Ns Ospina, S. Kannan, Js Hinson, Ep Hess, H. Haskell, V. M. Montori & D. Newman-Toker - 2017 - British Medical Journal 359:j4218.
    Patient centred diagnosis is best practised through shared decision making; an iterative dialogue between doctor and patient, whichrespects a patient’s needs, values, preferences, and circumstances. -/- Shared decision making for diagnostic situations differs fundamentally from that for treatment decisions. This has important implications when considering its practical application. -/- The nature of dialogue should be tailored to the specific diagnostic decision; scenarios with higher stakes or uncertainty usually require more detailed conversations.
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  44.  18
    Total Sets and Objects in Domain Theory.Ulrich Berger - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 (2):91-117.
    Berger, U., Total sets and objects in domain theory, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 91-117. Total sets and objects generalizing total functions are introduced into the theory of effective domains of Scott and Ersov. Using these notions Kreisel's Density Theorem and the Theorem of Kreisel-Lacombe-Shoenfield are generalized. As an immediate consequence we obtain the well-known continuity of computable functions on the constructive reals as well as a domain-theoretic characterization of the Heriditarily Effective Operations.
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  45.  16
    Symposium: Does Cross-Cultural Philosophy Stand in Need of a Hermeneutic Expansion?Douglas L. Berger, Hans-Georg Moeller, A. Raghuramaraju & Paul A. Roth - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (1).
    Does cross-cultural philosophy stand in need of a hermeneutical expansion? In engaging with this question, the symposium focuses upon methodological issues salient to cross-cultural inquiry. Douglas L. Berger lays out the ground for the debate by arguing for a methodological approach, which is able to rectify the discipline’s colonial legacies and bridge the hermeneutical distance with its objects of study. From their own perspectives, Hans-Georg Moeller, Paul Roth and A. Raghuramaraju analyze whether such a processual and hermeneutically-sensitive approach can (...)
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  46.  40
    Saul Kripke.Alan Berger (ed.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Alan Berger; Part I. Naming, Necessity, Identity, and A Priority: 1. Kripke on proper and general names Bernard Linsky; 2. Kripke on vacuous names and names in fiction Nathan Salmon; 3. Kripke on epistemic and modal possibility: two routes to the necessary a posteriori Scott Soames; 4. Possible world semantics and its philosophic foundations Robert Stalnaker; Part II. Formal Semantics, Truth, Philosophy of Math, and Philosophy of Logic: 5. Kripke models for modal logic and (...)
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  47. Beyond Reason: Wagner Contra Nietzsche.Karol Berger - 2016 - University of California Press.
    _Beyond Reason_ relates Wagner’s works to the philosophical and cultural ideas of his time, centering on the four music dramas he created in the second half of his career:_ Der Ring des Nibelungen_, _Tristan und Isolde_, _Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg_, and _Parsifal_. Karol Berger seeks to penetrate the “secret” of large-scale form in Wagner’s music dramas and to answer those critics, most prominently Nietzsche, who condemned Wagner for his putative inability to weld small expressive gestures into larger wholes. Organized (...)
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  48. Money Talks: In Therapy, Society, and Life.Brenda Berger & Stephanie Newman (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    Sometimes referred to as "the last taboo," money has remained something of a secret within psychoanalysis. Ironically, while it is an ingredient in almost every encounter between analyst and patient, the analyst's personal feelings about money are rarely discussed openly or in any great depth. So what is it about money that relegates it to the background, both on the couch and off? In _Money Talks_, Brenda Berger, Stephanie Newman, and their excellent cast of contributors address this and other (...)
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  49. Psychoanalytic Theory and Clinical Relevance: What Makes a Theory Consequential for Practice?Louis S. Berger - 2016 - Routledge.
    In this provocative contribution to both psychoanalytic theory and the philosophy of science, Louis Berger grapples with the nature of "consequential" theorizing, i.e., theorizing that is relevant to what transpires in clinical practice. By examining analysis as a genre of "state process formalism" - the standard format of scientific theories - Berger demonstrates why contemporary theorizing inevitably fails to explain crucial aspects of practice. His critique, in this respect, pertains both to the formal structure of psychoanalytic explanation and (...)
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  50. Theorizing Tourism: Analyzing Iconic Destinations.Arthur Asa Berger - 2012 - Left Coast Press.
    A useful introduction to the critical study of tourism, this brief text applies semiotics and cultural theory to deal with some of our most iconic global destinations. It offers accessible analyses of 18 famous tourist locations from the Taj Mahal to Red Square, and from the Eiffel Tower to Antarctica. Written in Berger’s friendly style, it allows students to critically examine the political, cultural and economic significance these locales and understand their importance to tourism. Study questions add more pedagogical (...)
     
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