Results for 'Mental illness Treatment.'

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  1.  29
    Negotiating the Relationship Between Addiction, Ethics, and Brain Science.Daniel Z. Buchman, Wayne Skinner & Judy Illes - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (1):36-45.
    Advances in neuroscience are changing how mental health issues such as addiction are understood and addressed as a brain disease. Although a brain disease model legitimizes addiction as a medical condition, it promotes neuro-essentialist thinking and categorical ideas of responsibility and free choice, and undermines the complexity involved in its emergence. We propose a “biopsychosocial systems” model where psychosocial factors complement and interact with neurogenetics. A systems approach addresses the complexity of addiction and approaches free choice and moral responsibility (...)
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  2. Consciousness and memory.Is Mental Illness Ineradicably Normative & A. Reply To W. Miller Brown - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (4):463-502.
  3.  4
    The Mentally Ill in America. A History of Their Care and Treatment from Colonial TimesAlbert Deutsch.C. Macfie Campbell - 1938 - Isis 29 (1):197-200.
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  4.  21
    Mental Ills and Bodily Cures: Psychiatric Treatment in the First Half of the Twentieth Century. Joel Braslow.Kathleen W. Jones - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):850-851.
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  5.  9
    The Mentally Ill in America. A History of Their Care and Treatment from Colonial Times by Albert Deutsch. [REVIEW]C. Campbell - 1938 - Isis 29:197-200.
  6.  17
    Agassi’s Treatment of Mental Illness: The Perspectives of Critical Rationalism and Institutional Individualism.Nathaniel Laor - 2023 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 53 (1):3-15.
    Joseph Agassi, together with Yehuda Fried, presented the paradoxes of paranoia and proposed to explain and solve them by introducing innovative diagnostic criteria for psychosis as reflecting a specific kind of rationality. Their ethical-clinical framework however, discouraged discussion of placing impositions on the mentally ill, even when in danger. According to these very criteria, Agassi’s institutional individualism framework renders paranoiacs defective in autonomy. Introducing the idea of degrees of autonomy as a guiding principle for research and practice will promote responsible (...)
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  7.  17
    Agassi’s Treatment of Mental Illness: The Perspectives of Critical Rationalism and Institutional Individualism.Nathaniel Laor - 2023 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 53 (1):3-15.
    Joseph Agassi, together with Yehuda Fried, presented the paradoxes of paranoia and proposed to explain and solve them by introducing innovative diagnostic criteria for psychosis as reflecting a specific kind of rationality. Their ethical-clinical framework however, discouraged discussion of placing impositions on the mentally ill, even when in danger. According to these very criteria, Agassi’s institutional individualism framework renders paranoiacs defective in autonomy. Introducing the idea of degrees of autonomy as a guiding principle for research and practice will promote responsible (...)
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  8.  35
    Physicians Should Treat Mentally Ill Death Row Inmates, Even If Treatment Is Refused.Melissa McDonnell & Robert T. M. Phillips - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):774-788.
    Competency to be executed evaluations are conducted with a clear understanding that no physician-patient relationship exists. Treatment however, is not so neatly re-categorized in large measure because it involves the physician's active provision of the healing arts. A natural tension exists between what practices may be legally permissible and what are ethically acceptable. We present an overview of the existing positions on this matter in the process of framing our argument.
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  9.  12
    Physicians Should Treat Mentally Ill Death Row Inmates, Even if Treatment is Refused.Melissa McDonnell & Robert T. M. Phillips - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):774-788.
    The history of physician involvement in capital proceedings is longstanding and ripe with controversy and conflicts of ethical concerns. Previously one of us has written that the controversy is more appropriately characterized as a conflict of moral position rather than one of ethical dilemma.In hindsight, we believe that analysis, while true, does not capture the depth or complexity of the issue.Forensic psychiatric evaluations, including competency to be executed evaluations, are done with a clear understanding that no physician-patient relationship exists. Treatment, (...)
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  10.  12
    Mental Ills and Bodily Cures: Psychiatric Treatment in the First Half of the Twentieth Century by Joel Braslow. [REVIEW]Kathleen Jones - 1999 - Isis 90:850-851.
  11.  74
    Mental Ill Health, Public Health and Medicalization.A. Vilhelmsson, T. Svensson & A. Meeuwisse - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):207-217.
    WHO suggests mental ill health in terms of depression to be the highest ranking disease problem in the developed world in 2020–2030 and claims a public health approach to be the most appropriate response. But some argue that the alarming reports on mental ill health have their ground in the methods of inquiry themselves and refer to medicalization as an important issue. The aim of this article is to explore and illuminate the issue of what is meant by (...)
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  12.  37
    Human Vulnerability: A Phenomenological Approach to the Manifestation and Treatment of Mental Illness.Leonor Irarrázaval - 2022 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 53 (4):384-394.
    Going beyond the scope of psychiatric diagnoses, this study introduces the concept of human vulnerability as a means of linking the phenomenological approach—focusing on the patient’s experience—with psychotherapeutic treatment. To this end, it applies Karl Jaspers’ concept of “limit situation” to the existential vulnerability in the manifestation of mental illness and the ontological vulnerability in schizophrenia. From a psychological or empathic standpoint, vulnerability, as experienced in different cases of mental illness, refers to the condition of being (...)
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  13.  14
    Neuroscience and Mental Illness.Natalia Washington, Christina Leone & Laura Niemi - 2022 - In Felipe De Brigard & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (eds.), Neuroscience and philosophy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    The fast-developing field of neuroscience has given philosophy, as well as other disciplines and the public broadly, many new tools and perspectives for investigating one of our most pressing challenges: addressing the health and well-being of our mental lives. In some cases, neuroscientific innovation has led to clearer understanding of the mechanisms of mental illness and precise new modes of treatment. In other cases, features of neuroscience itself, such as the enticing nature of the data it produces (...)
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  14.  16
    Serious Mental Illness: Person-Centered Approaches.Abraham Rudnick & David Roe (eds.) - 2011 - Crc Press.
    Practical and evidence-based, this unique book is the first comprehensive text focused on person-centered approaches to people with serious mental illness such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It reflects a range of views and findings regarding assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, self-help, policy-making, education and research. It is highly recommended for all healthcare professionals, students, researchers and educators involved in general practice, psychiatry, nursing, social work, clinical psychology and therapy. Healthcare service providers, and policy makers and shapers, will find the (...)
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  15.  13
    Involuntary admission and treatment of mentally ill patients – the role and accountability of mental health review boards.M. Swanepoel & S. Mahomed - 2021 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 14 (3):84-88.
    The involuntary admission or treatment of a mentally ill individual is highly controversial, as it may be argued that such intervention infringes on individual autonomy and the right to choose a particular treatment. However, this argument must be balanced with the need to provide immediate healthcare services to a vulnerable person who cannot or will not make a choice in his or her own best interests at a particular time. A study carried out in Gauteng Province, South Africa, highlighted the (...)
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  16. Models of Mental Illness.Jacqueline Sullivan - 2016 - In Harold Kincaid, Jeremy Simon & Miriam Solomon (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Medicine. Routledge. pp. 455-464.
    This chapter has two aims. The first aim is to compare and contrast three different conceptual-explanatory models for thinking about mental illness with an eye towards identifying the assumptions upon which each model is based, and exploring the model’s advantages and limitations in clinical contexts. Major Depressive Disorder is used as an example to illustrate these points. The second aim is to address the question of what conceptual-theoretical framework for thinking about mental illness is most likely (...)
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  17.  68
    Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):635-648.
    When it is considered to be in their best interests, withholding and withdrawing life-supporting treatment from non-competent physically ill or injured patients – non-voluntary passive euthanasia, as it has been called – is generally accepted. A central reason in support of the procedures relates to the perceived manner of death they involve: in non-voluntary passive euthanasia death is seen to come about naturally. When a non-competent psychiatric patient attempts to kill herself, the mental health care providers treating her are (...)
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  18. Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-14.
    When it is considered to be in their best interests, withholding and withdrawing life-supporting treatment from non-competent physically ill or injured patients – non-voluntary passive euthanasia, as it has been called – is generally accepted. A central reason in support of the procedures relates to the perceived manner of death they involve: in non-voluntary passive euthanasia death is seen to come about naturally. When a non-competent psychiatric patient attempts to kill herself, the mental health care providers treating her are (...)
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  19.  5
    Psychiatric Care When Cure Is No Longer the Goal: A Call for Expansion of Management Options for Treatment-Resistant Mental Illness.Gabriel A. Ben-Dor, Duwa Alebdy & Yingcheng Elaine Xu - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 15 (1):70-72.
    Dorfman et al.’s (2024) study on psychiatrists’ perceptions of treatment-refractory mental illness found that while most psychiatrists recognize there are cases where further treatment may no longe...
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  20. Psychiatry, compulsory treatment and the value based model of mental illness.K. W. M. Fulford - 1995 - In Brenda Almond (ed.), Introducing Applied Ethics. Blackwell.
     
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  21.  17
    Detention, Capacity, and Treatment in the Mentally Ill—Ethical and Legal Challenges.H. Paul Chin - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):752-758.
    For individuals whose mental illness impair their ability to accept appropriate care—the depressed, acutely suicidal mother, or the psychotic lawyer too paranoid to eat any food—statutes exist to permit involuntary hospitalization, a temporary override of paternalistic benefice over personal autonomy. This exception to the primacy of personal autonomy at the core of bioethics has the aim of restoring the mental health of the temporarily incapacitated individual, and with it, their autonomy.
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  22.  54
    The reality of mental illness.Martin Roth - 1986 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Jerome Kroll.
    This book is psychiatry's reply to the diverse group of antipsychiatrists, including Laing, Foucault, Goffman, Szasz and Bassaglia, that has made fashionable the view that mental illness is merely socially deviant behaviour and that psychiatrists are agents of the capitalist society seeking to repress such behaviour. It establishes, by the use of evidence from historical and transcultural studies, that mental illness has been recognised in all cultures since the beginning of history and goes on to explore (...)
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  23. The Use of Music in the Treatment and Management of Serious Mental Illness: A Global Scoping Review of the Literature.Tasha L. Golden, Stacey Springs, Hannah J. Kimmel, Sonakshi Gupta, Alyssa Tiedemann, Clara C. Sandu & Susan Magsamen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Mental and substance use disorders have been identified as the leading cause of global disability, and the global burden of mental illness is concentrated among those experiencing disability due to serious mental illness. Music has been studied as a support for SMIs for decades, with promising results; however, a lack of synthesized evidence has precluded increased uptake of and access to music-based approaches. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify the types and quantity (...)
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  24.  53
    A proposal for the use of advance directives in the treatment of incompetent mentally ill persons.Dan W. Brock - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):247-256.
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  25.  12
    Great and Desperate Cures: The Rise and Decline of Psychosurgery and Other Radical Treatments for Mental Illness. Elliot S. Valenstein.Naomi Rogers - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):726-728.
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  26. Psychiatric Treatment and the Problem of Equality: Whose Justice, Which Rationality?: EdwardsCraig.Ethical decisions in the classification of mental conditions as mental illness.Floris Tomasini - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):101-103.
  27.  60
    Epistemic injustice, children and mental illness.Edward Harcourt - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):729-735.
    The concept of epistemic injustice is the latest philosophical tool with which to try to theorise what goes wrong when mental health service users are not listened to by clinicians, and what goes right when they are. Is the tool adequate to the task? It is argued that, to be applicable at all, the concept needs some adjustment so that being disbelieved as a result of prejudice is one of a family of alternative necessary conditions for its application, rather (...)
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  28.  50
    Working with mentally ill homeless persons: should we respect their quest for anonymity?Y. Melamed - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):175-178.
    In recent years, the homeless population has received much attention as authorities attempt to comprehend this phenomenon and offer solutions. When striving to establish a relationship with the homeless person, many problems arise. We encounter this dilemma when respecting the right of the mentally ill to dwell neglected in the streets and simultaneously observe their inability to comprehend provisions such as housing, shelter, medical and mental care which contribute to their human dignity. The polarities of autonomy versus involuntary treatment (...)
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  29.  23
    Are Decisions Made ‘In the Throes’ of Treatment-Refractory Mental Illness Truly Invalid?Justine Sarah Dembo - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):16-18.
  30.  17
    Are Decisions Made 'In the Throes' of Treatment-Refractory Mental Illness Truly Invalid?Justine Sarah Dembo - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics: 13 (3):16 - 18.
  31. The Concept of Mental Illness--Where the Debate has Reached and Where it Needs to Go.Dominic Murphy - 2005 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 25 (1):116-132.
    The paper develops a framework for discussing concepts of health and disease along two dimensions. The first is the role of values in our disease concepts, and the second is the relationship between science and folk psychology. This framework is then applied to the concept of mental disorder. I argue that existing treatments of the concept yield too much authority to common sense, which produces a tension within the program of finding a scientific basis for our ascriptions of (...) disorder. The science should be given more authority, even if this leads to counterintuitive results. I conclude by identifying several smaller scale conceptual problems within the application of science to mental illness, and argue that the debate needs to shift towards dealing with such problems in an empirically informed way, rather than remaining at the level of conceptual analysis. 2012 APA, all rights reserved). (shrink)
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  32.  4
    Involuntary admission and treatment of mentally ill patients – the role and accountability of mental health review boards.M. Botes - 2021 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 14 (3):93-96.
    No known cure exists for COVID-19, and medical practitioners are exhausted and at their wits’ end trying to find treatments that prevent patients from ending up in hospital or intensive care, or even dying. A variety of treatments tried by medical practitioners include standard registered medicine, investigational or so-called experimental, unapproved or preapproved medicines, emergency or compassionate-use authorised medicine and pre-market approved medicine. However, the medicines that can be accessed via each of these categories are at different stages of efficacy (...)
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  33.  13
    Wait for Me: Chronic Mental Illness and Experiences of Time During the Pandemic.Lindsey Beth Zelvin - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-16.
    As someone diagnosed with severe chronic mental illness early in my adolescence, I have spent over half of my life feeling out of step with the rest of the world due to hospitalizations, treatment programs, and the disruptions caused by anxiety, anorexia, depression, and obsessive–compulsive disorder. The effect of my mental health conditions compounded by these treatment environments means I often feel that I experience time passing differently, which results in sensations of removal and isolation from those (...)
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  34. Mental health and mental illness: Some problems of definition and concept formation.Ruth Macklin - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (3):341-365.
    In recent years there has been considerable discussion and controversy concerning the concepts of mental health and mental illness. The controversy has centered around the problem of providing criteria for an adequate conception of mental health and illness, as well as difficulties in specifying a clear and workable system for the classification, understanding, and treatment of psychological and emotional disorders. In this paper I shall examine a cluster of these complex and important issues, focusing on (...)
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  35.  87
    Stigma of Mental Illness-1: Clinical reflections.Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston & Yves Bureau - 2012 - Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):70.
    Although the quality and effectiveness of mental health treatments and services have improved greatly over the past 50 years, therapeutic revolutions in psychiatry have not yet been able to reduce stigma. Stigma is a risk factor leading to negative mental health outcomes. It is responsible for treatment seeking delays and reduces the likelihood that a mentally ill patient will receive adequate care. It is evident that delay due to stigma can have devastating consequences. This review will discuss the (...)
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  36.  24
    More on the Right to Refuse Treatment: Brother Fox and the Mentally Ill in New York.Susan Haberstroh Rockford - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (1):19-21.
  37.  9
    More on the Right to Refuse Treatment: Brother Fox and the Mentally Ill in New York.Susan Haberstroh Rockford - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (1):19-21.
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  38.  7
    Wages for Self-Care: Mental Illness and Reproductive Labour.Francis Russell - 2018 - Cultural Studeis Review 24 (2):26-38.
    This paper will explore both the ways in which the practices of self-care, specifically related to mental health, have emerged as responses to the increasingly precarious status of life after the economic shocks of the Global Financial Crisis, whilst also looking to the work of Silvia Federici and Kathi Weeks to propose models for immanent critique of these practices. Although it cannot be taken as a pure origin, post-GFC mental health discourse has increasingly seen mental health discussed (...)
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  39.  17
    A modern day szasz?: Richard P. Bentall: Doctoring the mind: Is our current treatment of mental illness really any good? New York University Press, New York, 2009, 288 pp, $59.95.Phillipa Hay - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):143-145.
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  40.  64
    One Flu Over The Cuckoo’s Nest: Comparing Legislated Coercive Treatment for Mental Illness with that for Other Illness[REVIEW]Christopher James Ryan - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):87-93.
    Many of the world’s mental health acts, including all Australian legislation, allow for the coercive detention and treatment of people with mental illnesses if they are deemed likely to harm themselves or others. Numerous authors have argued that legislated powers to impose coercive treatment in psychiatric illness should pivot on the presence or absence of capacity not likely harm, but no Australian act uses this criterion. In this paper, I add a novel element to these arguments by (...)
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  41.  9
    Views on sharing mental health data for research purposes: qualitative analysis of interviews with people with mental illness.Emily Watson, Sue Fletcher-Watson & Elizabeth Joy Kirkham - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-12.
    Background Improving the ways in which routinely-collected mental health data are shared could facilitate substantial advances in research and treatment. However, this process should only be undertaken in partnership with those who provide such data. Despite relatively widespread investigation of public perspectives on health data sharing more generally, there is a lack of research on the views of people with mental illness. Methods Twelve people with lived experience of mental illness took part in semi-structured interviews (...)
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  42.  4
    The collective unconscious in the age of neuroscience: severe mental illness and Jung in the 21st century.Hallie B. Durchslag - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The Collective Unconscious in the Age of Neuroscience brings the connection between C.G. Jung's theory of a collective unconscious, neuroscience, and personal experiences of severe mental illness to life. Hallie B. Durchslag uses narrative analysis to examine four autobiographical accounts of mental illness, including her own, and illuminate the interplay between psychic material and human physiology that Jung intuited to exist. Durchslag's unique study considers the links between expressions of the collective unconscious, such as myth, fairy (...)
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  43.  56
    Stigma of Mental Illness-2: Non-compliance and Intervention.Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston & Yves Bureau - 2012 - Mens Sana Monographs 10 (1):85.
    The consequences of stigma are preventable. We argue that individual attention should be provided to patients when dealing with stigma. Also, in order to deal with the impact of stigma on an individual basis, it needs to be assessed during routine clinical examinations, quantified and followed up to observe whether or not treatment can reduce its impact. A patient-centric anti-stigma programme that delivers the above is urgently needed. To this end, this review explores the experiences, treatment barriers and consequences due (...)
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  44.  16
    How is physicians’ implicit prejudice against the obese and mentally ill moderated by specialty and experience?Samia Hurst, Tobias Brosch, Mélinée Schindler, Delphine Berner, Christian Mumenthaler & Chloë FitzGerald - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundImplicit prejudice can lead to disparities in treatment. The effects of specialty and experience on implicit obesity and mental illness prejudice had not been explored. The main objective was to examine how specializing in psychiatry/general medicine and years of experience moderated implicit obesity and mental illness prejudice among Swiss physicians. Secondary outcomes included examining the malleability of implicit bias via two video interventions and a condition of cognitive load, correlations of implicit bias with responses to a (...)
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  45.  44
    Is Big Data the New Stethoscope? Perils of Digital Phenotyping to Address Mental Illness.Şerife Tekin - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (3):447-461.
    Advances in applications of artificial intelligence and the use of data analytics technology in biomedicine are creating optimism, as many believe these technologies will fill the need-availability gap by increasing resources for mental health care. One resource considered especially promising is smartphone psychotherapy chatbots, i.e., artificially intelligent bots that offer cognitive behavior therapy to their users with the aim of helping them improve their mental health. While a number of studies have highlighted the positive outcomes of using smartphone (...)
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  46. A Review And Prospect Of Research On The Mental Illness Stigma.Qiang Li & Wen-jun Gao - 2009 - Nankai University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 4:123-132.
    Mental illness stigma is imposed on patients in mental illness stigma mark, mainly referring to the disease and psychological stereotypes lead to the loss of social status and discrimination. Study confirmed the existence of stigma would prevent the patient's treatment and rehabilitation, stigma issues resulting widespread concern in the world health community, which is a hotspot of research on the impact of stigma. Labeling theory and theories of stigma affect the correct label for the analysis of (...)
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  47. 'There but for the grace of God': moral responsibility and mental illness.Pamela Bjorklund - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):188-200.
    Setting the terms of praise‐ and blameworthiness has long dominated philosophers’ discussions of responsibility. Analytic philosophy has most often looked to reason and the abstract relations between individual rational judgements and actions to advance the discourse on moral responsibility. Those whose capacity for reasoned judgement is impaired are deeply problematic. Is it proper to morally appraise ‘the mentally ill’? The philosopher T.M. Scanlon discusses moral responsibility as a precondition of moral appraisal and contends that it is not appropriate to appraise (...)
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  48.  26
    Edward Shorter;, David Healy. Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness. xii + 384 pp., illus., index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007. $45. [REVIEW]Otniel E. Dror - 2009 - Isis 100 (3):688-690.
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  49.  39
    Care Planning for Individuals with Chronic Mental Illness and/or Substance Abuse Problems: Policy Implementation for Community Mental Health Centers.Christy A. Rentmeester - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (2):209-213.
    In an earlier edition of CambridgeQuarterly, in the section (CQ Vol 9, No 4), Larry Gottlieb sought advice on ethics committee assembly and policy implementation for a community mental health center. One concern mentioned is that staff members frequently encounter ethical issuesregarding the care of clients whose decisionmaking abilities are impaired by chronic mental illness and/or substance abuse. My response offers a suggestion for policy development and implementation, which may be integrated into guiding staff members of community (...)
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  50.  16
    Obtaining Informed Consent for Research: A Model for Use with Participants Who Are Mentally Ill.Norman G. Poythress - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (3):367-374.
    An issue of ongoing concern to clinical investigators, medical ethicists, and institutional review board members is the problem of obtaining informed consent in research that involves people with mental illness as research participants. Although the presence of a mental disorder per se does not render a person incapable of giving informed consent, some individuals afflicted with significant cognitive impairment, formal thought disorder, substantial anxiety or depression, or a variety of other symptoms may be impaired in their capacity (...)
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