Results for 'Meredith A. Meyer'

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  1.  29
    On Art and Science: A Reply to Leonard B. Meyer.Gunther S. Stent & Leonard B. Meyer - 1975 - Critical Inquiry 1 (3):683-698.
    I was surprised to note the critical tone of the discussion which my friend Leonard B. Meyer recently devoted in these pages to an article on the relation of art and science that I wrote for a popular scientific magazine. For I had believed all the while that in my article I was merely presenting to a general scientific audience a watered-down version of what I thought were Meyer's own views. Evidently I was mistaken in that belief, though (...)
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  2. A Kind of Touching Beauty: Photographs of America by Pedro Meyer, Text by Jean-Paul Sartre.Pedro Meyer & Jean-Paul Sartre - 2012 - Seagull Books.
     
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  3.  75
    Essentialist Beliefs About Bodily Transplants in the United States and India.Meredith Meyer, Sarah-Jane Leslie, Susan A. Gelman & Sarah M. Stilwell - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):668-710.
    Psychological essentialism is the belief that some internal, unseen essence or force determines the common outward appearances and behaviors of category members. We investigated whether reasoning about transplants of bodily elements showed evidence of essentialist thinking. Both Americans and Indians endorsed the possibility of transplants conferring donors' personality, behavior, and luck on recipients, consistent with essentialism. Respondents also endorsed essentialist effects even when denying that transplants would change a recipient's category membership (e.g., predicting that a recipient of a pig's heart (...)
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  4.  17
    My Heart Made Me Do It: Children's Essentialist Beliefs About Heart Transplants.Meredith Meyer, Susan A. Gelman, Steven O. Roberts & Sarah‐Jane Leslie - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1694-1712.
    Psychological essentialism is a folk theory characterized by the belief that a causal internal essence or force gives rise to the common outward behaviors or attributes of a category's members. In two studies, we investigated whether 4- to 7-year-old children evidenced essentialist reasoning about heart transplants by asking them to predict whether trading hearts with an individual would cause them to take on the donor's attributes. Control conditions asked children to consider the effects of trading money with an individual. Results (...)
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  5.  16
    History and Essence in Human Cognition.Susan A. Gelman, Meredith A. Meyer & Nicholaus S. Noles - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):142 - 143.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) provide compelling evidence that sensitivity to context, history, and design stance are crucial to theories of art appreciation. We ask how these ideas relate to broader aspects of human cognition. Further open questions concern how psychological essentialism contributes to art appreciation and how essentialism regarding created artifacts (such as art) differs from essentialism in other domains.
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  6. On the Ternary Relation and Conditionality.Jc Beall, Ross Brady, J. Michael Dunn, A. P. Hazen, Edwin Mares, Robert K. Meyer, Graham Priest, Greg Restall, David Ripley, John Slaney & Richard Sylvan - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):595 - 612.
    One of the most dominant approaches to semantics for relevant (and many paraconsistent) logics is the Routley-Meyer semantics involving a ternary relation on points. To some (many?), this ternary relation has seemed like a technical trick devoid of an intuitively appealing philosophical story that connects it up with conditionality in general. In this paper, we respond to this worry by providing three different philosophical accounts of the ternary relation that correspond to three conceptions of conditionality. We close by briefly (...)
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  7.  16
    Philosophy and the Passions: Toward a History of Human Nature.Michel Meyer - 2000 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    For the passions represent a force of excess and lawlessness in humanity that produces troubling, confusing paradoxes.In this book, noted European philosopher Michel Meyer offers a wide-ranging exegesis, the first of its kind, that ...
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  8.  29
    Johann P. Arnason, Kurt A. Raaflaub, and Peter Wagner (Eds.). The Greek Polis and the Invention of Democracy: A Politico-Cultural Transformation and Its In-Terpretations. The Ancient World: Comparative Histories. Malden, Mass.: Black-Well, 2013. Pp. X, 400. $139.95. ISBN 978-1-4443-5106-4. With Contributions From the Editors and E. Flaig, L. Bertelli, J. Grethlein, H. [REVIEW]A. Lanni Yunis, R. K. Balot, E. A. Meyer, S. L. Forsdyke, C. Mossé, R. Osborne, L. A. Tritle, T. B. Strong & N. Karagiannis - 2013 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 107 (1):139-145.
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  9.  26
    ŠƒE is Admissible in €œTrue” Relevant Arithmetic.Robert K. Meyer - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (4):327-351.
    The system R## of "true" relevant arithmetic is got by adding the ω-rule "Infer VxAx from AO, A1, A2, ...." to the system R# of "relevant Peano arithmetic". The rule ⊃E (or "gamma") is admissible for R##. This contrasts with the counterexample to ⊃E for R# (Friedman & Meyer, "Whither Relevant Arithmetic"). There is a Way Up part of the proof, which selects an arbitrary non-theorem C of R## and which builds by generalizing Henkin and Belnap arguments a prime (...)
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  10. Nietzsche's Free Spirit Works: A Dialectical Reading.Matthew Meyer - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Between 1878 and 1882, Nietzsche published what he called 'the free spirit works': Human, All Too Human; Assorted Opinions and Maxims; The Wanderer and His Shadow; Daybreak; and The Gay Science. Often approached as a mere assemblage of loosely connected aphorisms, these works are here reinterpreted as a coherent narrative of the steps Nietzsche takes in educating himself toward freedom that that executes a dialectic between scientific truth-seeking and artistic life-affirmation. Matthew Meyer's new reading of these works not only (...)
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  11.  27
    A Note on the Admissibility of Cut in Relevant Tableau Systems.Michael A. McRobbie & Robert K. Meyer - 1979 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 25 (32):511-512.
  12.  17
    A Teubner Of Nemesius. [REVIEW]A. Meredith - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (1):39-40.
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  13.  31
    A Teubner of Nemesius M. Morani: Nemesius, De Natura Hominis. (Bibliotheca Teubneriana.) Pp. Xix + 183. Leipzig: Teubner, 1987. 60 M. [REVIEW]A. Meredith - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (01):39-40.
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  14.  2
    A Clinician's Perspective on Memory Reconsolidation as the Primary Basis for Psychotherapeutic Change in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.Nathan A. Kimbrel, Eric C. Meyer & Jean C. Beckham - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  15. Culture; A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions.A. L. Kroeber, Clyde Kluckhohn, Wayne Untereiner & Alfred G. Meyer - 1954 - Journal of Philosophy 51 (19):559-563.
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  16.  3
    Creative Arts Interventions to Address Depression in Older Adults: A Systematic Review of Outcomes, Processes, and Mechanisms.Kim Dunphy, Felicity A. Baker, Ella Dumaresq, Katrina Carroll-Haskins, Jasmin Eickholt, Maya Ercole, Girija Kaimal, Kirsten Meyer, Nisha Sajnani, Opher Y. Shamir & Thomas Wosch - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  17.  21
    Modal Logic with Functorial Variables and a Contingent Constant.C. A. Meredith & A. N. Prior - 1965 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):99-109.
  18.  2
    A Federal Tax Credit to Encourage Employers to Offer Health Coverage.Jack A. Meyer & Elliot K. Wicks - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (2):202-213.
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  19.  23
    Guardians of Language: The Grammarian and Society in Late Antiquity.Robert A. Kaster.E. A. Meyer - 1990 - Speculum 65 (4):1002-1005.
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  20.  18
    Roman Law and Society J.-J. Aubert, B. Sirks (Edd.): Speculum Iuris. Roman Law as a Reflection of Social and Economic Life in Antiquity . Pp. XII + 192. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002. Cased, Us$49.50/£35.50. Isbn: 0-472-11251-. [REVIEW]Elizabeth A. Meyer - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (01):200-.
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  21.  16
    Flach (D.) Das Zwölftafelgesetz. Leges XII Tabularum. Herausgegeben, übersetzt und kommentiert in Zusammenarbeit mit A. Flach . (Texte zur Forschung 83.) Pp. viii + 253. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2004. Cased, SFr 66.70, €39.90. ISBN: 3-534-15983-. [REVIEW]Elizabeth A. Meyer - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (01):167-.
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  22.  9
    Effects of Cost Sharing on Seeking Outpatient Care: A Propensity‐Matched Study in Germany and Switzerland.Carola A. Huber, Peter Rüesch, Andreas Mielck, Jan Böcken, Thomas Rosemann & Peter C. Meyer - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):781-787.
  23.  5
    Prof. Dr. A. W. Begemann, De relatie tussen wijsbegeerte en theologie in haar belangrijkste gestalten in de Helleense periode van het griekse denken. Rede, uitgesproken bij de aanvaarding van het ambt van buitengewoon hoogleraar in de faculteit der Letteren aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. [REVIEW]P. A. Meyer - 1968 - Philosophia Reformata 33 (1-2):102-104.
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  24.  2
    Bir Umm Fawakhir Survey Project 1993: A Byzantine Gold-Mining Town in Egypt.Steven E. Sidebotham, C. Meyer, L. A. Heidorn, W. E. Kaegi & T. Wilfong - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (3):507.
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  25.  2
    Uncertainty and Business Decisions: A Symposium.A. L. Macfie, C. F. Carter, G. P. Meredith & G. L. S. Shackle - 1955 - Philosophical Quarterly 5 (19):187.
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  26. Immersive Virtual Reality as an Adjunctive Non-Opioid Analgesic for Pre-Dominantly Latin American Children With Large Severe Burn Wounds During Burn Wound Cleaning in the Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Study.Hunter G. Hoffman, Robert A. Rodriguez, Miriam Gonzalez, Mary Bernardy, Raquel Peña, Wanda Beck, David R. Patterson & Walter J. Meyer - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  27. The Time Course of Phonological Encoding in Language Production: Phonological Encoding Inside the Syllable. Joumal of Memory and Language, 30, 69-89. Meyer, AS (1992). Investigation of Phonological Encoding Through Speech Error Analysis: Achievements, Limitations and Alternatives. [REVIEW]A. S. Meyer - 1991 - Cognition 42:181-212.
     
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  28. Response Times in a Countermanding Paradigm.A. Osman, S. Hornblum & D. Meyer - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (1):183-198.
     
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  29. A Theory of Lexical Access in Speech Production.Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):1-38.
    Preparing words in speech production is normally a fast and accurate process. We generate them two or three per second in fluent conversation; and overtly naming a clear picture of an object can easily be initiated within 600 msec after picture onset. The underlying process, however, is exceedingly complex. The theory reviewed in this target article analyzes this process as staged and feedforward. After a first stage of conceptual preparation, word generation proceeds through lexical selection, morphological and phonological encoding, phonetic (...)
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  30.  10
    The Harvard Lectures of Alfred North Whitehead, 1924–1925: Philosophical Presuppositions of Science Ed. By Paul A. Bogaard and Jason Bell. [REVIEW]William J. Meyer - 2019 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 40 (1):72-75.
    In this expensive but invaluable book, students and scholars of Whitehead's philosophy and those more generally interested in the intersections of philosophy and science will find a treasure trove for gleaning the development, breadth, and depth of Whitehead's thought. This work, which consists of three independent sets of course notes from the previously unpublished lectures that Whitehead gave in his first year at Harvard in 1924–1925, is the first volume in a new and richly important series by Edinburgh University Press: (...)
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  31.  21
    How to Revise a Total Preorder.Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):193 - 238.
    Most approaches to iterated belief revision are accompanied by some motivation for the use of the proposed revision operator (or family of operators), and typically encode enough information in the epistemic state of an agent for uniquely determining one-step revision. But in those approaches describing a family of operators there is usually little indication of how to proceed uniquely after the first revision step. In this paper we contribute towards addressing that deficiency by providing a formal framework which goes beyond (...)
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  32.  84
    A Formal Model of Emotion Triggers: An Approach for BDI Agents.Bas R. Steunebrink, Mehdi Dastani & John-Jules Ch Meyer - 2012 - Synthese 185 (S1):83-129.
    This paper formalizes part of a well-known psychological model of emotions. In particular, the logical structure underlying the conditions that trigger emotions are studied and then hierarchically organized. The insights gained therefrom are used to guide a formalization of emotion triggers, which proceeds in three stages. The first stage captures the conditions that trigger emotions in a semiformal way, i.e., without committing to an underlying formalism and semantics. The second stage captures the main psychological notions used in the emotion model (...)
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  33.  37
    The Factualization of Uncertainty: Risk, Politics, and Genetically Modified Crops – a Case of Rape.Gitte Meyer, Anna Paldam Folker, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen, Martin Krayer von Krauss, Peter Sandøe & Geir Tveit - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 22 (2):235-242.
    Mandatory risk assessment is intended to reassure concerned citizens and introduce reason into the heated European controversies on genetically modified crops and food. The authors, examining a case of risk assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape, claim that the new European legislation on risk assessment does nothing of the sort and is not likely to present an escape from the international deadlock on the use of genetic modification in agriculture and food production. The new legislation is likely to stimulate the (...)
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  34.  68
    Determining the Environment: A Modal Logic for Closed Interaction.Jan Broersen, Rosja Mastop, John-Jules Meyer & Paolo Turrini - 2009 - Synthese 169 (2):351-369.
    The aim of the work is to provide a language to reason about Closed Interactions, i.e. all those situations in which the outcomes of an interaction can be determined by the agents themselves and in which the environment cannot interfere with they are able to determine. We will see that two different interpretations can be given of this restriction, both stemming from Pauly Representation Theorem. We will identify such restrictions and axiomatize their logic. We will apply the formal tools to (...)
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  35.  83
    A Non-Classical Logical Foundation for Naturalised Realism.Emma Ruttkamp-Bloem, Giovanni Casini & Thomas Meyer - 2015 - In P. & M. Danćak Arazim (ed.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 249-266.
    In this paper, by suggesting a formal representation of science based on recent advances in logic-based Artificial Intelligence (AI), we show how three serious concerns around the realisation of traditional scientific realism (the theory/observation distinction, over-determination of theories by data, and theory revision) can be overcome such that traditional realism is given a new guise as ‘naturalised’. We contend that such issues can be dealt with (in the context of scientific realism) by developing a formal representation of science based on (...)
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  36.  32
    A Deontological Analysis of Peer Relations in Organizations.Dennis J. Moberg & Michael J. Meyer - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (11):863 - 877.
    Using practical formalism a deontological ethical analysis of peer relations in organizations is developed. This analysis is composed of two types of duties derived from Kant's Categorical Imperative: negative duties to refrain from the use of peers and positive duties to provide help and assistance. The conditions under which these duties pertain are specified through the development of examples and conceptual distinctions. A number of implications are then discussed.
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  37.  16
    The Bioregion as a Communitarian Micro-Region (and its Limitations).Dianne Meredith - 2005 - Ethics, Place and Environment 8 (1):83 – 94.
    The micro-regional focus of bioregionalism is a small unit of physical space, typically a watershed region. In bioregional discourse, natural systems become metaphors for cultural coherence. However, when we look for laws embedded in the natural world, those that are found do not then reveal themselves as principles which apply to systems of culture. Further, within most individuals, the sense of regional identity spans several scales because our past narratives and present affiliations span several localities. Humans are not immersed in (...)
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  38.  40
    Review of Kostas Axelos Introduction to a Future Way of Thought. [REVIEW]Eric D. Meyer - 2017 - Philosophy in Review 37 (2):47-49.
    Kostas Axelos' 'Introduction to a Future Way of Thought' attempts to bring together two strong thinkers often thought to represent diametrically opposed political traditions: Martin Heidegger and Karl Marx. This review considers this attempt as a result of Axelos' political background, as a Greek communist revolutionary who emigrated to France and came into contact with Postwar French Heideggerian thought. Axeols then helped to establish the Heideggerian Marxism characteristic of the influential journal, Arguments.
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  39.  31
    Infobase Change: A First Approximation. [REVIEW]Thomas Andreas Meyer, Willem Adrian Labuschagne & Johannes Heidema - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (3):353-377.
    Generalisations of theory change involving operations on arbitrary sets ofwffs instead of on belief sets (i.e., sets closed under a consequencerelation), have become known as base change. In one view, a base should bethought of as providing more structure to its generated belief set, whichmeans that it can be employed to determine the theory contraction operationassociated with a base contraction operation. In this paper we follow suchan approach as the first step in defining infobase change. We think of an infobase (...)
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  40.  70
    Evaluating the Models and Behaviour of 3D Intelligent Virtual Animals in a Predator-Prey Relationship. AAMAS 2012: 79-86.Deborah Richards, Jacobson Michael, Taylor Charlotte, Taylor Meredith, Porte John, Newstead Anne & Hanna Nader - 2012 - Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Agent and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS).
    This paper presents the intelligent virtual animals that inhabit Omosa, a virtual learning environment to help secondary school students learn how to conduct scientific inquiry and gain concepts from biology. Omosa supports multiple agents, including animals, plants, and human hunters, which live in groups of varying sizes and in a predator-prey relationship with other agent types (species). In this paper we present our generic agent architecture and the algorithms that drive all animals. We concentrate on two of our animals to (...)
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  41. Modern Law as a Secularized and Global Model : Implications for the Sociology of Law.Elizabeth Heger Boyle & John W. Meyer - 2002 - In Yves Dezalay & Bryant G. Garth (eds.), Global Prescriptions: The Production, Exportation, and Importation of a New Legal Orthodoxy. University of Michigan Press.
     
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  42.  14
    Diversity in Attitudes Toward Farming and Patterns of Work Among Farm Women: A Regional Comparison. [REVIEW]Peggy F. Barlett, Linda Lobao & Katherine Meyer - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (4):343-354.
    Attention to diversity in women's attitudes toward farming and in women's patterns of farm work activity expands our understanding of the linkage between agrarian structure, regional history, and the behavior and values of individual farm women. We combine several disciplinary and methodological approaches to reveal patterns in work and values in a Southern case and then verify the existence of similar patterns in the Midwest. Two divergent conceptions of women's relationship to farm and marital partnership were found in a Georgia (...)
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  43.  16
    Human Agency in the Twenty-First Century: The Views of P. S. Davies, R. Niebuhr, and A. N. Whitehead.William J. Meyer - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (2):119-134.
    With neuroscience and psychology making significant advances in contemporary brain research, fundamental questions concerning the nature of human life and activity will become evermore critical as we proceed further into the twenty-first century. Put simply, are we creatures who exercise some genuine degree of freedom and agency in the world or are we creatures whose actions are largely if not wholly determined by biological, neurological, and psychological factors far below the radar of our conscious awareness? This article explores this important (...)
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  44.  6
    Restructuring the Christian Fatherhood Model: A Practical Theological Investigation Into the ‘Male Problematic’ of Father Absence.Juanita Meyer - 2018 - Hts Theological Studies 74 (1):1-11.
    In South Africa, ideas around fatherhood, parenthood and family life are greatly shifting as people find themselves caught up between traditional and contemporary understandings of fatherhood and motherhood. Even though more than 70% of young South Africans stated in a national survey that parenthood is one of the top four defining features of adulthood, father absence is on the increase. Some in-depth literature study was conducted regarding South African research on fatherhood and father absence, and the role of both Christian (...)
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  45.  64
    Public and Traditional Journalism: A Shift in Values?M. David Arant & Philip Meyer - 1998 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (4):205 – 218.
    In a survey of newspaper staff members shows that, although implementation of public journalism projects is widespread at U.S. daily newspapers, tibe majority of jou!rnalists still adhere to traditional values in journalism practice and do not support public journalism values that depart from traditional journalism. Criticism of public journalism is that it poses a danger to traditional professional values of independence and objectivity. In the great majority of comparisons, we found thot journalists supporting certain public journalism practices were at least (...)
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  46.  14
    A Formal Account of Opportunism Based on the Situation Calculus.Jieting Luo & John-Jules Meyer - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (4):527-542.
    In social interactions, it is common for individuals to possess different amounts of knowledge about a specific transaction, and those who are more knowledgeable might perform opportunistic behavior to others in their interest, which promotes their value but demotes others’ value. Such a typical social behavior is called opportunistic behavior. In this paper, we propose a formal account of opportunism based on the situation calculus. We first propose a model of opportunism that only considers a single action between two agents, (...)
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  47.  21
    A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought by Michael Frede (Review).Susan Sauvé Meyer - 2013 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 106 (3):535-536.
  48.  13
    Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil: A Reader's Guide by Christa Davis Acampora and Keith Ansell Pearson (Review).Matthew Meyer - 2014 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (2):210-213.
    For many years, Anglo-American scholars paid scant attention to Nietzsche’s published works as integral wholes. Explicitly or implicitly, scholars agreed with Arthur Danto that Nietzsche’s texts had little order and coherence and so the interpreter’s task was to systematize Nietzsche’s philosophy for him by assembling ideas found throughout his corpus.1 Recently, however, there has been a significant increase in scholarship focused on Nietzsche’s published works. Not only have a number of readings of On the Genealogy of Morals been produced in (...)
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  49.  21
    Towards a Modest Legal Moralism: Concept, Open Questions, and Potential Extension. [REVIEW]F. Meyer - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):237-244.
    The article introduces and critiques Antony Duff’s Modest Legal Moralism from a strictly analytical angle. It seeks to illuminate its core tenets and modestly addresses a number of aspects that deserve further elaboration from the author’s point of view. Notwithstanding these points of contention the main thrust of the article is the exploration of the constructive potential of Duff’s concept. It will be shown that its core elements are well-equipped to come to grips with the lacuna of theorization of supranational (...)
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  50.  14
    Regulating Competing Coalitions: A Logic for Socially Optimal Group Choices.Paolo Turrini, Jan Broersen, Rosja Mastop & John-Jules Meyer - 2012 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):181-202.
    In Multi Agent Systems it is often the case that individual preferences are not compatible and coalitions compete to achieve a given result. The paper presents a language to talk about the conflict between coalitional choices and it expresses deontic notions to evaluate them. We will be specifically concerned with cases where the collective perspective is at odds with the individual perspective.
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