Results for 'Mervin Y. T. Chen'

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  1. The Practicalities of Terminally Ill Patients Signing Their Own DNR Orders--A Study in Taiwan.C.-H. Huang, W.-Y. Hu, T.-Y. Chiu & C.-Y. Chen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):336-340.
    Objectives: To investigate the current situation of completing the informed consent for do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders among the competent patients with terminal illness and the ethical dilemmas related to it. Participants: This study enrolled 152 competent patients with terminal cancer, who were involved in the initial consultations for hospice care. Analysis: Comparisons of means, analyses of variance, Student’s t test, χ2 test and multiple logistic regression models. Results: After the consultations, 117 (77.0%) of the 152 patients provided informed consent for hospice (...)
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  2.  19
    Establishing a 'Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale' and Testing its Reliability and Validity.C. K. Fang, P. Y. Li, M. L. Lai, M. H. Lin, D. T. Bridge & H. W. Chen - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):6-12.
    The purpose of this study was to develop a Physician's Spiritual Well-Being Scale (PSpWBS). The significance of a physician's spiritual well-being was explored through in-depth interviews with and qualitative data collection from focus groups. Based on the results of qualitative analysis and related literature, the PSpWBS consisting of 25 questions was established. Reliability and validity tests were performed on 177 subjects. Four domains of the PSpWBS were devised: physician's characteristics; medical practice challenges; response to changes; and overall well-being. The explainable (...)
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  3.  7
    Void Growth Via Atomistic Simulation: Will the Formation of Shear Loops Still Grow a Void Under Different Thermo-Mechanical Constraints?Y. Cui & Z. T. Chen - 2017 - Philosophical Magazine 97 (33):3142-3171.
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  4.  8
    Implicit and Explicit Processes in Category-Based Induction: Is Induction Best When We Don’T Think?Stephanie Y. Chen, Brian H. Ross & Gregory L. Murphy - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):227-246.
  5.  33
    Ethics Control Mechanisms: A Comparative Observation of Hong Kong Companies. [REVIEW]Theodore T. Y. Chen - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):391 - 400.
    Managers with different cultural backgrounds and under different circumstances have different views on what is acceptable ethical behaviour. This study attempts to determine whether major companies in Hong Kong share the same views as North American academics on what management ethical standards ought to be, and if so, whether any control mechanisms have been established to instill ethical behaviour within their organizations. Notable differences between the practice in these companies and those from a similar survey conducted in North America are (...)
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  6.  80
    The Status of the Do-Not-Resuscitate Order in Chinese Clinical Trial Patients in a Cancer Centre.J. M. Liu, W. C. Lin, Y. M. Chen, H. W. Wu, N. S. Yao, L. T. Chen & J. Whang-Peng - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):309-314.
    OBJECTIVE: To report and analyse the pattern of end-of-life decision making for terminal Chinese cancer patients. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: A cancer clinical trials unit in a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: From April 1992 to August 1997, 177 consecutive deaths of cancer clinical trial patients were studied. MAIN MEASUREMENT: Basic demographic data, patient status at the time of signing a DNR consent, or at the moment of returning home to die are documented, and circumstances surrounding these events evaluated. RESULTS: (...)
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  7.  29
    NF-B Mediates Amyloid Beta Peptide-Stimulated Activity of the Human Apolipoprotein E Gene Promoter in Human Astroglial Cells.Y. Du, X. Chen, X. Wei, K. R. Bales, D. T. Berg, S. M. Paul, M. R. Farlow, B. Maloney, Y. W. Ge & D. K. Lahiri - 2005 - Brain Res Mol Brain Res 136:177-88.
    The apolipoprotein E gene plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease , and amyloid plaque comprised mostly of the amyloid-beta peptide ) is one of the major hallmarks of AD. However, the relationship between these two important molecules is poorly understood. We examined how A treatment affects APOE expression in cultured cells and tested the role of the transcription factor NF-B in APOE gene regulation. To delineate NF-B's role, we have characterized a 1098 nucleotide segment containing the (...)
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  8.  8
    Luminescence in Deformed MgO, CaO and SrO.Y. Chen, M. M. Abraham, T. J. Turner & C. M. Nelson - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 32 (1):99-112.
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  9.  9
    Neural Activity in Relation to Temporal Distance: Differences in Past and Future Temporal Discounting.J. M. He, X. T. Huang, H. Yuan & Y. G. Chen - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1662-1672.
    This study investigated the differences between past and future temporal discounting in terms of neural activity in relation to temporal distance. Results show that brain regions are engaged differently in past and future temporal discounting. This is likely because past temporal discounting requires memory reconstruction, whereas future temporal discounting requires the processing of uncertainty about the future. In past temporal discounting, neural activity differed only when preferences were made between rewards received one hour prior and rewards received further in the (...)
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  10. Animacies: Biopolitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect.Mel Y. Chen - 2012 - Duke University Press.
    In _Animacies_, Mel Y. Chen draws on recent debates about sexuality, race, and affect to examine how matter that is considered insensate, immobile, or deathly animates cultural lives. Toward that end, Chen investigates the blurry division between the living and the dead, or that which is beyond the human or animal. Within the field of linguistics, animacy has been described variously as a quality of agency, awareness, mobility, sentience, or liveness. Chen turns to cognitive linguistics to stress (...)
     
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  11. Kuochi Jênch'üan Kungyüeh Chih Neikuo Hsiaoli I Kungmin Yü Chêngchih Ch'üan Kungyüeh Chi Chingchi Shêhui Wênhuach'üan Kungyüeh Shihhsingfa Weili [The Domestic Applicability of International Human Rights Law─ Take ICCPR and ICESCR as Examples].Y. K. Chen - forthcoming - T’Ai Wan Fa Hsiao Hui [Taiwan Law Society](Ed.), Taiwan Fasyue Sinketi [the Future Issue of Law in Taiwan].
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  12.  4
    N. F. Batto, C. Huang, T. C. Tan, and G. W. Cox, Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context: Taiwan, Japan and Beyond, University of Michigan Press, 2016. [REVIEW]Boyu Chen - 2017 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 18 (1):237-239.
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  13.  7
    " Flying Flower and Spirit Wind," Chang Yueh and Literary Patronage in T'ang China.Zu-yan Chen - 1996 - Mediaevalia 21 (1):79.
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  14.  17
    If Good Can’T Prevail.Chengde Chen - 2003 - Philosophy Now 40:35-35.
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  15. La tradición y la creación.Yi Chen - 2008 - Contrastes: Revista Cultural 51:33-37.
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  16. ABRAHAM, U. And SHELAH, S., A AZ Well-Order of the Reals and Incompactness of L (Q”“) BUSS, SR, Intuitionistic Validity in T-Normal Kripke Structures CAICEDO, X., Compactness and Normality in Abstract Logics CENZER, D., DOWNEY, R., JOCKUSCH, C. And SHORE. [REVIEW]L. Li, L. I. H. & L. I. U. Y. - 1993 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 59:287.
  17.  12
    "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in Patients with Cancer at a Children's Hospital in Taiwan.T. -H. Jaing, P. -K. Tsay, E. -C. Fang, S. -H. Yang, S. -H. Chen, C. -P. Yang & I. -J. Hung - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (4):194-196.
    Objectives: To quantify the use of do-not-resuscitate orders in a tertiary-care children’s hospital and to characterise the circumstances in which such orders are written.Design: Retrospective study conducted in a 500-bed children’s hospital in Taiwan.Patients: The course of 101 patients who died between January 2002 and December 2005 was reviewed. The following data were collected: age at death, gender, disease and its status, place of death and survival. There were 59 males and 42 females with a median age of 103 months (...)
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  18.  33
    Metaphysics, Function and the Engineering of Life: The Problem of Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe, Bohang Chen & Cécilia Bognon-Küss - 2018 - Kairos 20 (1):113-140.
    Vitalism was long viewed as the most grotesque view in biological theory: appeals to a mysterious life-force, Romantic insistence on the autonomy of life, or worse, a metaphysics of an entirely living universe. In the early twentieth century, attempts were made to present a revised, lighter version that was not weighted down by revisionary metaphysics: “organicism”. And mainstream philosophers of science criticized Driesch and Bergson’s “neovitalism” as a too-strong ontological commitment to the existence of certain entities or “forces”, over and (...)
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  19.  14
    Asymmetric Differences in Work–Family Spillover in North America and China: Results From Two Heterogeneous Samples. [REVIEW]Jia Fei Jin, Michael T. Ford & Chih Chieh Chen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):1-14.
    Models of the work-to-family and family-to-work interface were tested in two heterogeneous samples of workers, one from North America (N = 408) and one from China (N = 442), using the same measures translated from English to Chinese using back translation. Consistent with proposed differences in the centrality of work and family, tolerance of work demands, and the availability of family support, work-to-family spillover effects tended to be stronger in the North American sample, whereas family-to-work spillover effects tended to be (...)
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  20.  3
    Editorial: Humor and Laughter, Playfulness and Cheerfulness: Upsides and Downsides to a Life of Lightness.Willibald Ruch, Tracey Platt, René T. Proyer & Hsueh-Chih Chen - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  21.  20
    Indentation on One-Dimensional Hexagonal Quasicrystals: General Theory and Complete Exact Solutions.Y. F. Wu, W. Q. Chen & X. Y. Li - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (8):858-882.
  22.  10
    The Evolution of Polarization Inside Ultrathin PbTiO3films: A Theoretical Study.Y. B. Xue, D. Chen, Y. J. Wang, Y. L. Tang, Y. L. Zhu & X. L. Ma - 2015 - Philosophical Magazine 95 (19):2067-2077.
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  23.  6
    Telomerase: Not Just for the Elongation of Telomeres.Rodrigo T. Calado & Jichun Chen - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (2):109-112.
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  24.  59
    Reinforcing Ethical Decision Making Through Corporate Culture.Al Y. S. Chen, Roby B. Sawyers & Paul F. Williams - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):855-865.
    Behaving ethically depends on the ability to recognize that ethical issues exist, to see from an ethical point of view. This ability to see and respond ethically may be related more to attributes of corporate culture than to attributes of individual employees. Efforts to increase ethical standards and decrease pressure to behave unethically should therefore concentrate on the organization and its culture. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how total quality (TQ) techniques can facilitate the development of a (...)
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  25.  18
    Evaluating Ethics Consultation: Randomised Controlled Trial is Not the Right Tool.Y.-Y. Chen & Y.-C. Chen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (8):594-597.
    Background: Although ethics consultation has been introduced to clinical practice for many years, the results of empirical studies to evaluate the effectiveness of ethics consultation are still controversial. The design of randomised controlled trials is considered the best research design to evaluate the effect of a clinical practice on the outcomes of interests. In order to understand the effects of ethics consultation, we conducted this search for studies with the design of randomised controlled trials to evaluate ethics consultation.Objective: To provide (...)
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  26.  32
    Reasoning with Uncertain Categories.Gregory L. Murphy, Stephanie Y. Chen & Brian H. Ross - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):81 - 117.
    Five experiments investigated how people use categories to make inductions about objects whose categorisation is uncertain. Normatively, they should consider all the categories the object might be in and use a weighted combination of information from all the categories: bet-hedging. The experiments presented people with simple, artificial categories and asked them to make an induction about a new object that was most likely in one category but possibly in another. The results showed that the majority of people focused on the (...)
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  27.  26
    Business Ethics Perceptions of Public and Private Sector Iranians.Bahaudin G. Mujtaba, Reza Tajaddini & Lisa Y. Chen - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (3):433-447.
    Ethical maturity is a great concern to all educators, firms, and investors across the globe. This research surveyed 448 citizens, managers and employees in Iran to measure their Personal Business Ethics Scores (PBES) to see if age, education, management experience, and government work experience make a difference in making more ethical decisions. This study contributes to the theory of moral development across the Iranian culture as it is the first known study using this method. The results suggest that education and (...)
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  28.  43
    Family-Oriented Health Savings Accounts: Facing the Challenges of Health Care Allocation.R. Fan, X. Chen & Y. Cao - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (6):507-512.
  29.  41
    Toward a Confucian Family-Oriented Health Care System for the Future of China.Y. Cao, X. Chen & R. Fan - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (5):452-465.
    Recently implemented Chinese health insurance schemes have failed to achieve a Chinese health care system that is family-oriented, family-based, family-friendly, or even financially sustainable. With this diagnosis in hand, the authors argue that a financially and morally sustainable Chinese health care system should have as its core family health savings accounts supplemented by appropriate health insurance plans. This essay’s arguments are set in the context of Confucian moral commitments that still shape the background culture of contemporary China.
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  30.  27
    Medical Tourism's Impact on Health Care Equity and Access in Low‐ and Middle‐Income Countries: Making the Case for Regulation.Y. Y. Brandon Chen & Colleen M. Flood - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):286-300.
    There is currently an evidentiary gap in the scholarship concerning medical tourism's impact on low- and middle-income destination countries (LMICs). This article reviews relevant evidence that exists and concludes that there are signs of correlation between medical tourism and the expansion of private, technology- intensive health care in LMICs, which has largely remained out of reach for the majority of the local patients. In light of this health care inequity between local residents and medical tourists in LMICs, we argue that (...)
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  31.  38
    Is Confucianism Compatible with Liberal Constitutional Democracy?Albert H. Y. Chen - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (2):195–216.
  32.  22
    On a New Idiom in the Study of Entailment.R. E. Jennings, Y. Chen & J. Sahasrabudhe - 2011 - Logica Universalis 5 (1):101-113.
    This paper is an experiment in Leibnizian analysis. The reader will recall that Leibniz considered all true sentences to be analytically so. The difference, on his account, between necessary and contingent truths is that sentences reporting the former are finitely analytic; those reporting the latter require infinite analysis of which God alone is capable. On such a view at least two competing conceptions of entailment emerge. According to one, a sentence entails another when the set of atomic requirements for the (...)
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  33.  16
    Utilising Computer–Based Scenarios to Explore Idealism and Relativism Influences on Perceptions of Ethics and Social Responsibilities and Ethical Decision Making.Lisa Y. Chen, Bahaudin G. Mujtaba & Thomas W. Heron - 2011 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 6 (4):359-384.
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  34.  83
    Emch, GG, 981 Esposito, G., 1459.C. D. Bailey, D. Batchelor, A. Belenkiy, G. Bene, P. Benioff, A. N. Bernal, T. H. Boyer, J. L. Chen, C. Dewdney & D. Dieks - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (12):2003.
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  35.  14
    Non‐Adherence to Antibiotic Prescription Guidelines in Treating Urinary Tract Infection of Children: A Population‐Based Study in Taiwan.Chu C. Chen, Li C. Wu, Chung Y. Li, Chih K. Liu, Lin C. Woung & Ming C. Ko - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1030-1035.
  36.  39
    "Allow Natural Death" is Not Equivalent to "Do Not Resuscitate": A Response.Y.-Y. Chen & S. J. Youngner - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):887-888.
    Venneman and colleagues argue that “do not resuscitate” (DNR) is problematic and should be replaced by “allow natural death” (AND). Their argument is flawed. First, while end-of-life discussions should be as positive as possible, they cannot and should not sidestep painful but necessary confrontations with morality. Second, while DNR can indeed be nonspecific and confusing, AND merely replaces one problematic term with another. Finally, the study’s results are not generalisable to the populations of physicians and working nurses and certainly do (...)
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  37.  6
    “Allow Natural Death” is Not Equivalent to “Do Not Resuscitate”: A Response.Y. Y. Chen & S. J. Youngner - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):887-888.
  38.  34
    The Downward Transfer of Elementary Satisfiability of Partition Logics.Y. Chen & E. Shen - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (4):477-488.
    We introduce a notion of pseudo-reachability in Gaifman graphs and suggest a graph-theoretic and uniform approach to the Löwenheim-Skolem-Tarski Theorems for partition logics as well as logics with general Malitz quantifiers.
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  39.  35
    The Quality of Clinical Practice Guidelines in China: A Systematic Assessment.J. Hu, R. Chen, S. Wu, J. Tang, G. Leng, I. Kunnamo, Z. Yang, W. Wang, X. Hua, Y. Zhang, Y. Xie & S. Zhan - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):961-967.
  40. Democracy and Chinese Philosophy.Zhao Dunhua, Joseph Chan, Albert H. Y. Chen, Yong Huang, Qianfan Zhang & Shu-Hsien Liu - 2007 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 34 (2):161-275.
  41.  27
    Research Biopsies in Phase I Studies: Views and Perspectives of Participants and Investigators.R. D. Pentz, R. D. Harvey, M. White, Z. L. Farmer, O. Dashevskaya, Z. Chen, C. Lewis, T. K. Owonikoko & F. R. Khuri - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (2):1-8.
    In many research studies, tumor biopsies are an unavoidable requirement for achieving key scientific aims. Yet some commentators view mandatory research biopsies as coercive and suggest they should be optional, or at least optional until further data are obtained regarding their scientific usefulness. Further complicating the ethical picture is the fact that some research biopsies offer a potential for clinical benefit to trial participants. We interviewed and surveyed a convenience sample of participants in phase I clinical trials at a single (...)
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  42.  3
    Changes in Timing of Fertility—a Canadian Experience.Fernando Rajulton, T. R. Balakrishnan & Jiajian Chen - 1990 - Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (1):33-42.
  43.  19
    Modelling the Vicious Circle Between Obesity and Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents Using a Bivariate Probit Model with Endogenous Regressors.C.-Y. Yeh, L.-J. Chen, P.-W. Ku & C.-M. Chen - 2015 - Journal of Biosocial Science 47 (1):61-74.
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  44.  35
    Priming Primates: Human and Otherwise.Mark Chen, Tanya L. Chartrand, Annette Y. Lee-Chai & John A. Bargh - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):685-686.
    The radical nub of Byrne & Russon's argument is that passive priming effects can produce much of the evidence of higher-order cognition in nonhuman primates. In support of their position we review evidence of similar behavioral priming effects n humans. However, that evidence further suggests that even program-level imitative behavior can be produced through priming.
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  45.  16
    Children Enrolled in Parents' Research: A Uniquely Vulnerable Group in Need of Oversight and Protection.L. L. Shepherd, K. Read & D. T. Chen - 2013 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 35 (3):1-8.
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  46.  9
    Durable Partial Reinforcement Effect and Social Dominance in Two Inbred Mouse Strains.C. T. Lee, Paul T.-P. Wong & Jawsy Chen - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (4):400-402.
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  47.  16
    Exploring Ethical Aspects of Elective Surgery Patients' Decision-Making Experiences.M. -L. Lin, C. -T. Huang, H. -H. Chiang & C. -H. Chen - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (6):672-683.
    The practice of respecting patients’ autonomy is rooted in the healthcare professionals’ empathy for patients’ situations, without which appropriate supports to the patients during the informed consent process may be remarkably moderated. The purpose of this study was to explore elective surgery patients’ experiences during their decision-making process. This research was conducted using a phenomenological approach, and the data analysis was guided by Colaizzi’s method. A total of 17 participants were recruited from a hospital in southern Taiwan. Two major themes (...)
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  48.  6
    Analytical Decision Model for Sample Size and Effectiveness Projections for Use in Planning a Population‐Based Randomized Controlled Trial of Colorectal Cancer Screening.Sherry Y.‐H. Chiu, Nea Malila, Amy M.‐F. Yen, Ahti Anttila, Matti Hakama & H.‐H. Chen - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):123-129.
  49. The Continuity of Self in Collectivism and Individualism.W. P. Banks, K. Y. Yi, A. V. Lumanau & N. Chen - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S89 - S89.
     
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  50. A Self-Organising Cosmology Revealed by an Ancient Taoist Text Newly Discovered.Y. Z. Chen - 2001 - Filozofia 56 (2):101-108.
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