Results for 'Metaphysical Realism'

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  1. EJ Lowe Metaphysical Realism and the Unity of Truth.Metaphysical Realism - 2003 - In Andreas Bächli & Klaus Petrus (eds.), Monism. Frankfurt: Ontos. pp. 9--109.
     
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  2.  26
    Metaphysical Realism and Anti-Realism.J. T. M. Miller - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    Minimally, metaphysical realists hold that there exist some mind-independent entities. Metaphysical realists also hold that we can speak meaningfully or truthfully about mind-independent entities. Those who reject metaphysical realism deny one or more of these commitments. This Element aims to introduce the reader to the core commitments of metaphysical realism and to illustrate how these commitments have changed over time by surveying some of the main families of views that realism has been contrasted (...)
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  3. Metaphysical realism and moral relativism: Reflections on Hilary Putnam's reason, truth and history.Gilbert Harman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):568-575.
    Putnam rejects "metaphysical realism," which takes "the world" to be a single complex thing, a connected causal or explanatory order into which all facts fit. he argues that such metaphysical realism is responsible for views he finds implausible; in particular, it can lead to moral relativism when one tries to locate the place of value in the world of fact. i agree that metaphysical realism will lead a thoughtful philosopher to moral relativism, but find (...)
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  4. Metaphysical realism and psychologistic semantics.Terence Horgan - 1991 - Erkenntnis 34 (3):297--322.
    I propose a metaphysical position I call 'limited metaphysical realism', and I link it to a position in the philosophy of language I call 'psychologistic semantics'. Limited metaphysical realism asserts that there is a mind-independent, discourse-independent world, but posits a sparse ontology. Psychologistic semantics construes truth not as direct word/world correspondence, and not as warranted assertibility (or Putnam's "ideal" warranted assertibility), but rather as 'correct assertibility'. I argue that virtues of this package deal over each (...)
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  5. Essentialism, Metaphysical Realism, and the Errors of Conceptualism. E. Lowe - 2008 - Philosophia Scientiae 12 (1):9-33.
    Metaphysical realism is the view that most of the objects that populate the world exist independently of our thought and have their natures independently of how, if at all, we conceive of them. It is committed, in my opinion, to a robust form of essentialism. Many modern forms of anti-realism have their roots in a form of conceptualism, according to which all truths about essence knowable by us are ultimately grounded in our concepts, rather than in things (...)
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  6. Metaphysical realism as a pre-condition of visual perception.Stephen J. Boulter - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (2):243-261.
    In this paper I present a transcendental argument based on the findings of cognitive psychology and neurophysiology which invites two conclusions: First and foremost, that a pre-condition of visual perception itself is precisely what the Aristotelian and other commonsense realists maintain, namely, the independent existence of a featured, or pre-packaged world; second, this finding, combined with other reflections, suggests that, contra McDowell and other neo-Kantians, human beings have access to things as they are in the world via non-projective perception. These (...)
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  7. Metaphysical Realism and Antirealism: An Analysis of the Contemporary Debate.Deborah Colleen Smith - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Washington
    The metaphysical realist asserts, while the metaphysical antirealist denies, that there are individuals that exist independently of the existence and workings of any mind or minds. I begin by distinguishing the thesis of metaphysical realism from other theses that are also called ' realism '. Of particular interest in this discussion is the relation between metaphysical realism and views such as moral realism and scientific realism. ; Metaphysical realism is (...)
     
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  8.  40
    Metaphysical Realism and Objectivity: Some Theoretical Reflections.Aldo Stella & Giancarlo Ianulardo - 2018 - Philosophia 46 (4):1001-1021.
    In this paper we aim to show an intrinsic contradiction of contemporary Metaphysical Realism by focusing on the relation between the subject and the object. Metaphysical Realism considers facts and objects as being empirical, and therefore they are considered in relation to the subject, while at the same time facts are assumed to belong to an autonomous and independent reality. However, if a real object is considered to be independent from the subject, once it enters in (...)
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  9. Consequentialism, Metaphysical Realism and the Argument from Cluelessness.Dale Dorsey - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (246):48-70.
    Lenman's ‘argument from cluelessness’ against consequentialism is that a significant percentage of the consequences of our actions are wholly unknowable, so that when it comes to assessing the moral quality of our actions, we are without a clue. I distinguish the argument from cluelessness from traditional epistemic objections to consequentialism. The argument from cluelessness should be no more problematic for consequentialism than the argument from epistemological scepticism should be for metaphysical realism. This puts those who would reject consequentialism (...)
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  10. Metaphysical Realism and Logical Nonrealism.Panayot Butchvarov - 2002 - In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 282.
    This chapter contains sections titled: I II.
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  11. Metaphysical Realism and Epistemology.Kirk Robinson - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
    In Chapter One it is argued that three famous epistemologies, labeled foundationalism, radical skepticism and mitigated skepticism, all presuppose metaphysical realism, or the ontological division between mind and world . Then it is argued that each of these three epistemologies is false and that metaphysical realism cannot be made comprehensible apart from one or the other of them. If this is true then it follows that truth cannot be a matter of correspondence between sentences, statements, propositions, (...)
     
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  12.  68
    Metaphysical Realism and History.Norman Melchert - 1986 - Analysis 46 (1):36 - 38.
    Could an "ideal theory" be false? metaphysical realism requires an affirmative answer. The question has usually been discussed in terms of physical theory. I argue that if we shift ground to historical narrative, We can be virtually certain that some "ideal stories" not only "can" be false, But "will" be false. If this argument is correct, Metaphysical realism is almost certainly true.
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  13. Non-Metaphysical Realism: A Dummett-Inspired Implementation of Putnam’s Internal Realism.Karin Johannesson - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (1):3--18.
    The amount of realist positions put forward by philosophers of religion and theologians is impressive. one can certainly doubt whether there is a need for yet another alternative. However, most realist positions employed in studies on religion fall prey to Hilary Putnam’s criticism against metaphysical realism. This gives rise to a dilemma that I aim at solving by introducing yet another realist position, namely non-metaphysical realism.
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  14. Metaphysical Realism and Thought.Sanford Goldberg - 2008 - American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (2):149 - 163.
    In this paper I argue that the implications of semantic externalism (SE) are even more far-reaching than has heretofore been acknowledged. If SE is true, then it is possible that a thinker's mental reality has joints that cannot in principle be discerned by the thinker herself.
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  15. The metaphysical realism debate: What is at stake?Tadeusz Szubka - 2006 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):301-316.
    The realism debate concerns the relationship of our beliefs, thoughts and language to the world or universe, and hence involves a number of fundamental questions ranging from metaphysics through epistemology to semantics and philosophy of language. While a few philosophers take it as an inevitable feature of the debate and try to advance it by coping simultaneously with all those questions, a number of others insists that the approach of this kind leads merely to confusions and misunderstandings. They usually (...)
     
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  16.  88
    Metaphysical realism and idealisation.Damian Cox - 1998 - Philosophia 26 (3-4):465-487.
    Hilary Putnam's famous model-theoretic arguments have the virtue of presenting metaphysical realists with a clear challenge. On pain of embracing either an implausible antifallibilism or the radical indeterminacy of reference, metaphysical realists must appeal to metalinguistic levels of interpretation richer than our own in order to fix meaning. And sense must be made of this appeal. In this paper I begin the task of developing a version of metaphysical realism that takes up this challenge.
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  17. What Metaphysical Realism Is Not.William P. Alston - 2002 - In Realism & antirealism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. pp. 97-115.
     
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  18.  71
    Essentialism, Metaphysical Realism, and the Errors of Conceptualism.E. Jonathan Lowe - 2008 - Philosophia Scientiae 12:9-33.
    Le réalisme métaphysique est la conception suivant laquelle la plupart des objets qui peuplent le monde existent indépendamment de notre pensée et possèdent une nature indépendante de la manière dont nous pouvons éventuellement la concevoir. A mon sens cette position engage à admettre une forme robuste d'essentialisme. Beaucoup des formes modernes de l'anti-réalisme tirent leurs origines d'une forme de conceptualisme, suivant laquelle toutes les vérités que nous puissions connaître au sujet des essences sont en dernière analyse fondées sur nos concepts, (...)
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  19. Essentialism, Metaphysical Realism, and the Errors of Conceptualism.E. Jonathan Lowe - 2008 - Philosophia Scientiae 12 (1):9-33.
    Le réalisme métaphysique est la conception suivant laquelle la plupart des objets qui peuplent le monde existent indépendamment de notre pensée et possèdent une nature indépendante de la manière dont nous pouvons éventuellement la concevoir. A mon sens cette position engage à admettre une forme robuste d'essentialisme. Beaucoup des formes modernes de l'anti-réalisme tirent leurs origines d'une forme de conceptualisme, suivant laquelle toutes les vérités que nous puissions connaître au sujet des essences sont en dernière analyse fondées sur nos concepts, (...)
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  20. Merleau‐Ponty, Metaphysical Realism and the Natural World1.Simon P. James - 2007 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (4):501 – 519.
    Environmental thinkers often suppose that the natural world (or some parts of it, at least) exists in its own right, independent of human concerns. The arguments developed in this paper suggest that it is possible to do justice to this thought without endorsing some form of metaphysical realism. Thus the early sections look to Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception to develop an anti-realist account of the independent reality of the natural world, one, it is argued, that has certain advantages (...)
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  21. The Metaphysical Realism of Pope John Paul II.S. Avery Cardinal Dulles - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):99-106.
    Karol Wojtyła found phenomenology very helpful for the analysis of concrete human experience and for overcoming the ethical formalism ofKant. Phenomenology, he believed, could also enrich classical Thomism by exploring the lived experience of freedom, interiority, and self-governance. But phenomenology, in his opinion, needed to be supplemented by metaphysics in order to ground experiences such as the sense of duty in the real order. He criticized much modern philosophy for abandoning metaphysics and thus neglecting the sapiential dimension. Since his career (...)
     
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    Epistemic Constructivism, Metaphysical Realism and Parmenidean Identity.Tom Rockmore - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 48 (2):59-74.
    The cognitive problem, which is a main modern theme, arises early in the Greektra- dition. Parmenides, who formulates one ofthe first identifiably "modern" approaches to epistemology, points toward identity as the only acceptable cognitive standard. The paper, which leaves epistemic skepticism for another occasion, reviews versions of metaphysicalrealism identified with Plato in ancient philosophy and Descartes in the modern tradition in suggesting that for different reasons both fail. The paper reviews German idealist versions of epistemic constructivism formulated by Kant, Fichte (...)
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  23.  87
    Metaphysical Realism.J. J. C. Smart - 1982 - Analysis 42 (1):1 - 3.
  24. Conceptual Relativity and Metaphysical Realism.Terry Horgan & Mark Timmons - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s1):74-96.
    Is conceptual relativity a genuine phenomenon? If so, how is it properly understood? And if it does occur, does it undermine metaphysical realism? These are the questions we propose to address. We will argue that conceptual relativity is indeed a genuine phenomenon, albeit an extremely puzzling one. We will offer an account of it. And we will argue that it is entirely compatible with metaphysical realism. Metaphysical realism is the view that there is a (...)
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  25.  8
    Metaphysical Realism and Castañeda’s Minimal Transcendental Realism.Francesco Orilia - 2014 - In Adriano Palma (ed.), Castañeda and His Guises: Essays on the Work of Hector-Neri Castañeda. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 97-106.
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  26.  16
    The Metaphysical Realism of Pope John Paul II. Dulles - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):99-106.
    Karol Wojtyła (Pope John Paul II) found phenomenology very helpful for the analysis of concrete human experience and for overcoming the ethical formalism ofKant. Phenomenology, he believed, could also enrich classical Thomism by exploring the lived experience of freedom, interiority, and self-governance. But phenomenology, in his opinion, needed to be supplemented by metaphysics in order to ground experiences such as the sense of duty in the real order. He criticized much modern philosophy for abandoning metaphysics and thus neglecting the sapiential (...)
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    Evaluating the Metaphysical Realism of Étienne Gilson.Brian Kemple - 2015 - Studia Gilsoniana 4 (4):363–380.
    While there is an absence of treatises devoted to the question of ens ut primum cognitum, there is no shortage of brief and implicit treatments; indeed, nearly every Thomist of the past seven centuries seems to have at least something to say about the notion that being is the first of our intellectual conceptions. Most recent Thomist thinkers—including Gilson—assume this ens to be nothing other than the ens reale of things entitatively considered, operating as they do out of a framework (...)
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    Metaphysical Realism and Epistemological Modesty in Schleiermacher’s Method.Jacqueline Mariña - 2012 - In Chris L. Firestone & Nathan Jacobs (eds.), The Persistence of the Sacred in Modern Thought. Notre Dame University Press.
    How are we to understand religion? It is undeniable that religion, and religious motivations, have played a very large role in shaping world events. As such, the question of how to understand religion has become increasingly urgent. At one extreme are those who adopt a comprehensive scientific naturalism. They approach religious beliefs and practices in such a way as to reduce them to nonreligious social or psychological factors; for them religion is part of an ideology or an infantile wish projection (...)
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  29. Metaphysical Realism and Historical Interpretation.Peter Smith - 1986 - Analysis 46 (3):157 - 158.
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  30.  31
    Madhyamaka, Metaphysical Realism, and the Possibility of an Ancestral World.Simon P. James - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1116-1133.
    It is the evening of January 11, 1951. A. J. Ayer retires to a Parisian bar for a post-lecture drink, where he is joined by Georges Batailles, Maurice MerleauPonty, and the physicist Georges Ambrosino. They argue until 3 a.m. The point at issue: Was there a sun before human beings existed? Ayer says "yes," the other three say "no."1Now imagine that a fifth person joins the debate—a Mādhyamika. She argues that because nothing exists independently of conceptual imputation, since, as she (...)
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  31. Horwich on 'semantic' and 'metaphysical' realism.David Davies - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):539-557.
    Horwich argues that we should reject metaphysical realism, but that we can preserve semantic realism by adhering to a redundancy theory of truth and a confirmationist account of linguistic understanding. But the latter will give us semantic realism only if it allows that the truth-values of sentences may transcend our recognitional capacities, and this is possible only insofar as we covertly reintroduce metaphysical realism. In spite of its intuitive appeal, we should not endorse semantic (...)
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  32. Metaphysical Realism.Brian Ellis (ed.) - forthcoming
     
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  33. Metaphysical realism as less than a dogma.Ron Wilburn - 2000 - Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 35 (76):85-96.
     
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  34. Metaphor and metaphysical realism.J. J. A. Mooij - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):495-505.
    This article discusses a number of metaphors about the nature of science, in connection with three types of metaphysical realism: minimal, moderate and essentialistic realism. From the beginning, Kuipers accepts the first and rejects the third type of realism, but it is only later on that he endorses the second type. It is argued that this makes his remarks on essentialistic realism somewhat misleading; and his moderate realism is compared with some realist positions taken (...)
     
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  35.  87
    The neglected controversy over metaphysical realism.Mary Kate McGowan - 2002 - Philosophy 77 (1):5-21.
    In what follows, I motivate and clarify the controversy over metaphysical realism (the claim that there is a single objective way that the world is) by defending it against two objections. A clear understanding of why these objections are misguided goes a considerable distance in illuminating the complex and controversial nature of m-realism. Once the complex thesis is defined, some objections to it are considered. Since m-realism is such a complex and controversial thesis, it cannot legitimately (...)
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  36. Universals and Metaphysical Realism.Alan Donagan - 1963 - The Monist 47 (2):211-246.
  37.  53
    The Case for Metaphysical Realism.Deborah C. Smith - 2002 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):411-419.
    This work defends a modest version of metaphysical realism. The commitments of the view are spelled out and the strongest argument for it is presented. It is suggested that failure to find this argument persuasive frequently arises from either a failure to distinguish between trivial and nontrivial dependence of minds on minds or a tendency to equivocate between metaphysical and theoretical timelines. The notion of mind-dependence is then explored in more detail. It is argued that, while the (...)
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  38.  24
    Internal Realism, Metaphysical Realism, and Brains in a Vat.Gábor Formi - 1996 - Dialectica 50 (4):259-274.
    The paper explores the relationship between skepticism on the one hand and the metaphysical realist and the internal realist conceptions of truth on the other. After a brief description of the metaphysical realist and the internal realist positions, it is argued that the former but not the latter is committed to an important sort of skepticism, namely, that we might be wrong about practically everything at the same time. First an abstract argument is presented to this effect, then (...)
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  39. A Dogma of Metaphysical Realism.David Leech Anderson - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):1-11.
    There is a dogma about metaphysical realism that is well nigh universal: "If one is a metaphysical realist about the external world, then one ought to be a semantic realist about external- world statements". I argue that this dogma should be rejected. It is possible for a metaphysical realist to be a "semantic dualist", holding that some middle- sized object statements receive a realist interpretation, but that most such statements require an antirealist interpretation. To show that (...)
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  40.  15
    Collingwood Against Metaphysical Realism.Dale Jacquette - 2006 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 12 (2):103-114.
    In An Autobiography, R.G. Collingwood offers a strikingly compact reductio ad absurdum of John Cook Wilson's metaphysical realism. Cook Wilson formulates the thesis as the inefficacy of epistemic states to determine the properties of objects of knowledge. He explains realism, according to Collingwood, as the view that 'knowing makes no difference to what is known'. Collingwood objects that any such formulation is 'meaningless'. The problem is that by implication the metaphysical realist is supposed to know that (...)
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  41.  3
    Pragmatic idealism and metaphysical realism.Nicholas Rescher - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 386–397.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Existential Component of Realism Realism in its Regulative/Pragmatic Aspect The Role of Presumption The Role of Retrovalidation Retrospect.
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  42.  10
    Metaphysical Realism and Castañeda’s Minimal Transcendental Realism.Francesco Orilia - 2014 - In Guido Bonino, Greg Jesson & Javier Cumpa (eds.), Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 235-246.
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  43. Metaphysical realism, scepticism, and two dimensionalism.Kai-Yee Wong - unknown
    I understand (MR) as meaning that there is a way the world is that is independent of our minds or representations. One may also state (MR) in terms of ‘A description/language independent world/reality’ or ‘a conceptual scheme independent world/reality’. For our purposes, we need not distinguish these variants of formulation.
     
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  44. Putnam's paradox: Metaphysical realism revamped and evaded.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11:17-42.
    Hilary Putnam's argument against metaphysical realism (commonly referred to as the "model theoretic argument") has now enjoyed two decades of discussion.(1) The text is rich and contains variously construable arguments against variously construed philosophical positions. David Lewis isolated one argument and called it "Putnam's Paradox".(2) That argument is clear and concise; so is the paradoxical conclusion it purports to demonstrate; and so is Lewis' paradox-avoiding solution. His solution involves a position I call "anti-nominalism": not only are classes real, (...)
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  45. Metaphysical realism.Panayot Butchvarov - 1995 - In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. New York City: Cambridge University Press. pp. 562--563.
     
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  46.  97
    A form of metaphysical realism.J. J. C. Smart - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):301-315.
    This essay defends a view which is near enough to Putnam's characterization of metaphysical realism for it to be called by the same name. Indeterminacy of reference is conceded, in the sense that there may be multiple reference relations, but it is denied that this implied belief in unknowable noumena. It is enough for metaphysical realism as conceived here, that there be at least one reference relation. The essay also argues against defining truth epistemically. Even a (...)
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  47. An argument for metaphysical realism.John Nolt - 2004 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 35 (1):71-90.
    This paper presents an argument for metaphysical realism, understood as the claim that the world has structure that would exist even if our cognitive activities never did. The argument is based on the existence of a structured world at a time when it was still possible that we would never evolve. But the interpretation of its premises introduces subtleties: whether, for example, these premises are to be understood as assertions about the world or about our evidence, internally or (...)
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  48.  43
    Metaphysical realist semantics: Some moral desiderata.Alan Malachowski - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (2):167-174.
  49.  15
    A Progress Report on Cognitive Foundationalism and Metaphysical Realism.Tom Rockmore - 2014 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 39 (1):53-59.
    Metaphysical realism, though not under that name, runs throughout the entire Western tradition at least since Parmenides. His basic ontological claim, that is, that what is is and cannot not be, hence cannot change, influentially creates a central philosophical task. Cognitive foundationalism, whose exemplar is Descartes, is a cognitive strategy intended to respond to metaphysical realism. Plato rejects any form of a representational approach to knowledge in rejecting the backward causal inference from ideas in the mind (...)
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  50. Empiricist structuralism, metaphysical realism, and the bridging problem.Gabriele Contessa - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):514-524.
    [This paper is part of a book symposium on Bas van Fraassen's Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective (OUP, 2010)].
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