Results for 'Micah Baize'

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Micah Baize
Lindenwood University
  1.  31
    "Critical Thinking: A User's Manual," by Debra Jackson and Paul Newberry.Micah Baize - 2013 - Teaching Philosophy 36 (1):71-74.
  2.  41
    The Skeptic’s Predicament.Micah Baize - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):147-155.
  3.  72
    From Cognitivism to Autopoiesis: Towards a Computational Framework for the Embodied Mind.Micah Allen & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2459-2482.
    Predictive processing approaches to the mind are increasingly popular in the cognitive sciences. This surge of interest is accompanied by a proliferation of philosophical arguments, which seek to either extend or oppose various aspects of the emerging framework. In particular, the question of how to position predictive processing with respect to enactive and embodied cognition has become a topic of intense debate. While these arguments are certainly of valuable scientific and philosophical merit, they risk underestimating the variety of approaches gathered (...)
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  4.  68
    The Sincerity of Public Reason.Micah Schwartzman - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (4):375-398.
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  5.  51
    The Ethics of Reasoning From Conjecture.Micah Schwartzman - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):521-544.
    An important objection to political liberalism is that it provides no means by which to decide conflicts between public and non-public reasons. This article develops John Rawls' idea of `reasoning from conjecture' as one way to argue for a commitment to public reason. Reasoning from conjecture is a form of non-public justification that allows political liberals to reason from within the comprehensive views of at least some unreasonable citizens. After laying out the basic features of this form of non-public justification, (...)
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  6.  94
    The Completeness of Public Reason.Micah Schwartzman - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):191-220.
    A common objection to the idea of public reason is that it cannot resolve fundamental political issues because it excludes too many moral considerations from the political domain. Following an important but often overlooked distinction drawn by Gerald Gaus, there are two ways to understand this objection. First, public reason is often said to be inconclusive because it fails to generate agreement on fundamental political issues. Second, and more radically, some critics have claimed that public reason is indeterminate because it (...)
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  7. Have Elephant Seals Refuted Aristotle? Nature, Function, and Moral Goodness.Micah Lott - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):353-375.
    An influential strand of neo-Aristotelianism, represented by writers such as Philippa Foot, holds that moral virtue is a form of natural goodness in human beings, analogous to deep roots in oak trees or keen vision in hawks. Critics, however, have argued that such a view cannot get off the ground, because the neo-Aristotelian account of natural normativity is untenable in light of a Darwinian account of living things. This criticism has been developed most fully by William Fitzpatrick in his book (...)
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  8.  93
    Moral Virtue as Knowledge of Human Form.Micah Lott - 2012 - Social Theory and Practice 38 (3):407-431.
    This essay defends Aristotelian naturalism against the objection that it is naïvely optimistic, and contrary to empirical research, to suppose that virtues like justice are naturally good while vices like injustice are naturally defective. This objection depends upon the mistaken belief that our knowledge of human goodness in action and choice must come from the natural sciences. In fact, our knowledge of goodness in human action and character depends upon a practical understanding that is possessed by someone not qua scientist (...)
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  9. Why Be a Good Human Being? Natural Goodness, Reason, and the Authority of Human Nature.Micah Lott - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):761-777.
    The central claim of Aristotelian naturalism is that moral goodness is a kind of species-specific natural goodness. Aristotelian naturalism has recently enjoyed a resurgence in the work of philosophers such as Philippa Foot, Rosalind Hursthouse, and Michael Thompson. However, any view that takes moral goodness to be a type of natural goodness faces a challenge: Granting that moral goodness is natural goodness for human beings, why should we care about being good human beings? Given that we are rational creatures who (...)
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  10. Moral Implications From Cognitive (Neuro)Science? No Clear Route.Micah Lott - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1):241-256.
    Joshua Greene argues that cognitive (neuro)science matters for ethics in two ways, the “direct route” and the “indirect route.” Greene illustrates the direct route with a debunking explanation of the inclination to condemn all incest. The indirect route is an updated version of Greene’s argument that dual-process moral psychology gives support for consequentialism over deontology. I consider each of Greene’s arguments, and I argue that neither succeeds. If there is a route from cognitive (neuro)science to ethics, Greene has not found (...)
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  11.  96
    Must Realists Be Skeptics? An Aristotelian Reply to a Darwinian Dilemma.Micah Lott - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):71-96.
    In a series of influential essays, Sharon Street has argued, on the basis of Darwinian considerations, that normative realism leads to skepticism about moral knowledge. I argue that if we begin with the account of moral knowledge provided by Aristotelian naturalism, then we can offer a satisfactory realist response to Street’s argument, and that Aristotelian naturalism can avoid challenges facing other realist responses. I first explain Street’s evolutionary argument and three of the most prominent realist responses, and I identify challenges (...)
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  12. A Realist Sexual Ethics.Micah Newman - 2015 - Ratio 28 (2):223-240.
    A very liberal sexual ethics now holds sway in Western culture, such that mutual consent alone is widely seen as morally legitimizing almost any sexual activity between adults. It is further commonly assumed by both philosophers and nonphilosophers that arguing for some alternative to liberal sexual ethics requires appeal to ethical commands specific to some religious tradition or other. The purpose of this paper is to challenge that assumption by suggesting some purely naturalistic and independently-plausible premises that can be used (...)
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  13.  61
    Active Inference, Enactivism and the Hermeneutics of Social Cognition.Shaun Gallagher & Micah Allen - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2627-2648.
    We distinguish between three philosophical views on the neuroscience of predictive models: predictive coding, predictive processing and predictive engagement. We examine the concept of active inference under each model and then ask how this concept informs discussions of social cognition. In this context we consider Frith and Friston’s proposal for a neural hermeneutics, and we explore the alternative model of enactivist hermeneutics.
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  14.  16
    Partially Overlapping Ownership and Contagion in Financial Networks.Micah Pollak & Yuanying Guan - 2017 - Complexity:1-16.
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  15.  15
    Relational Discovery in Category Learning.B. Goldwater Micah, J. Don Hilary, J. F. Krusche Moritz & J. Livesey Evan - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):1-35.
  16.  11
    The Empirical Case for Role-Governed Categories.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):359-376.
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  17.  47
    Agency, Patiency, and The Good Life: The Passivities Objection to Eudaimonism.Micah Lott - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):773-786.
    Many contemporary eudaimonists emphasize the role of agency in the good life. Mark LeBar, for example, characterizes his own eudaimonist view this way: “It is agentist, not patientist, because it emphasizes that our lives go well in virtue of what we do, rather than what happens, to us or otherwise”. Nicholas Wolterstorff, however, has argued that this prioritizing of agency over patiency is a fatal flaw in eudaimonist accounts of well-being. Eudaimonism must be rejected, Wolterstorff argues, because many life-goods are (...)
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  18.  9
    On the Acquisition of Abstract Knowledge: Structural Alignment and Explication in Learning Causal System Categories.Micah B. Goldwater & Dedre Gentner - 2015 - Cognition 137:137-153.
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  19.  62
    The Relevance of Locke’s Religious Arguments for Toleration.Micah Schwartzman - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (5):678-705.
    John Locke's theory of toleration has been criticized as having little relevance for politics today because it rests on controversial theological foundations. Although there have been some recent attempts to develop secular; or publicly accessible, arguments out of Locke's writings, these tend to obscure and distort the religious arguments that Locke used to defend toleration. More importantly, these efforts ignore the role that religious arguments may play in supporting the development of a normative consensus on the legitimacy of liberal political (...)
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  20.  59
    Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production.Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less successful than (...)
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  21. Because I Said So: Practical Authority in Plato’s Crito.Micah Lott - 2015 - Polis 32 (1):3-31.
    This essay is an analysis of the central arguments in Plato’s Crito. The dialogue shows, in a variety of ways, that the opinion of another person can have practical relevance in one’s deliberations about what to do – e.g. as an argument, as a piece of expert advice, as a threat. Especially important among these forms of practical relevance is the relevance of authoritative commands. In the dialogue, the Laws of Athens argue that Socrates must accept his sentence of death, (...)
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  22.  77
    Restraint on Reasons and Reasons for Restraint: A Problem for Rawls' Ideal of Public Reason.Micah Lott - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (1):75–95.
    It appears that one of the aims of John Rawls' ideal of public reason is to provide people with good reason for exercising restraint on their nonpublic reasons when they are acting in the public political arena. I will argue, however, that in certain cases Rawls' ideal of public reason is unable to provide a person with good reason for exercising such restraint, even if the person is already committed to Rawls' ideal of public reason. Because it is plausible to (...)
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  23.  10
    Neurophysiological Effects Associated With Subliminal Conditioning of Appetite Motivations.Micah Amd & Sylvain Baillet - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  24.  30
    Illusory Contours: A Window Onto the Neurophysiology of Constructing Perception.Micah M. Murray & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (9):471-481.
  25.  7
    Corrigendum: Effects of Nodal Distance on Conditioned Stimulus Valences Across Time.Micah Amd, Armando Machado, Marlon Alexandre de Oliveira, Denise Aparecida Passarelli & Julio C. De Rose - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  26.  62
    Situationism, Skill, and the Rarity of Virtue.Micah Lott - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (3):387-401.
    What is the Problem with the Rarity of the Virtues?An important strand of the situationist challenge to Aristotelian virtue ethics rests on the following claim:Rarity Thesis: On the basis of evidence from psychological research, we are justified in believing that possession of the Aristotelian virtues is very rare.The Rarity Thesis is sometimes regarded as a problem for virtue ethics, or as an embarrassing implication of claims made by virtue ethicists.See John Doris, Lack of Character (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002), (...)
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  27.  17
    Constructional Sources of Implicit Agents in Sentence Comprehension.Micah B. Goldwater & Arthur B. Markman - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 20 (4).
  28. Does Human Nature Conflict with Itself?: Human Form and the Harmony of the Virtues.Micah Lott - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):657-683.
    Does possessing some human virtues make it impossible for a person to possess other human virtues? Isaiah Berlin and Bernard Williams both answered “yes” to this question, and they argued that to hold otherwise—to accept the harmony of the virtues—required a blinkered and unrealistic view of “what it is to be human.” In this essay, I have two goals: (1) to show how the harmony of the virtues is best interpreted, and what is at stake in affirming or denying it; (...)
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  29.  19
    Constructing a Good Life.Micah Lott - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (3):363-375.
    _ Source: _Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 363 - 375 In _The Value of Living Well,_ Mark LeBar develops a position that he calls “virtue eudaimonism”. VE is both a eudaimonistic theory of practical reasoning and a constructivist account of the metaphysics of value. In this essay, I will explain the core of LeBar’s view and focus on two issues, one concerning VE ’s eudaimonism and the other concerning VE ’s constructivism. I will argue that, as it stands, VE does (...)
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  30.  40
    Chemical Supervenience.Micah Newman - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (1):49-62.
    This paper surveys some ways in which the chemical realm can be described and outlined in terms of the concept of supervenience. The particular contours of general chemical theory provide a ready basis for interpretation of determination, covariance, and nonreduction—the characteristic metaphysical facets of the supervenience relation—in mutual terms. Building on this, the extent to which chemically characterized properties and entities can be described in terms of a supervenience-scaffolded structure represents a particularly vivid application that philosophers in general interested in (...)
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  31.  39
    Justice, Function, and Human Form.Micah Lott - 2015 - In Martin Hähnel & Markus Rothhaar (eds.), Normativität des Lebens - Normativität der Vernunft? De Gruyter. pp. 75-92.
  32.  7
    Combining Accreditation and Education: An Interdisciplinary Public Health Law Course.Micah L. Berman - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (s1):18-23.
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  33.  13
    Licensing Novel Role-Governed Categories: An ERP Analysis.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman, Logan T. Trujillo & David M. Schnyer - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34.  13
    Who's Your Nanny? Choice, Paternalism and Public Health in the Age of Personal Responsibility.Lindsay F. Wiley, Micah L. Berman & Doug Blanke - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):88-91.
  35.  18
    Relational and Role-Governed Categories: Views From Psychology, Computational Modeling, and Linguistics.Micah B. Goldwater, Noah D. Goodman, Stephen Wechsler & Gregory L. Murphy - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
  36.  31
    CUBISM: Belief, Anomaly and Social Constructs.Yorick Wilks, Micah Clark, Tomas By, Adam Dalton & Ian Perera - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (3):388-403.
    We introduce the CUBISM system for the analysis and deep understanding of multi-participant dialogues. CUBISM brings together two typically separate forms of discourse analysis: semantic analysis and sociolinguistic analysis. In the paper proper, we describe and illustrate major components of the CUBISM system, and discuss the challenge posed by the system’s ultimate purpose, which is to automatically detect anomalous changes in participants’ expressed or implied beliefs about the world and each other, including shifts toward or away from cultural and community (...)
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  37.  18
    Morality, Ontology, and Corporate Rights.Steven Walt & Micah Schwartzman - 2017 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 11 (1):1-29.
  38. Is There a Role for ‘Human Nature’ in Debates About Human Enhancement?Daniel Groll & Micah Lott - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (4):623-651.
    In discussions about the ethics of enhancement, it is often claimed that the concept of ‘human nature’ has no helpful role to play. There are two ideas behind this thought. The first is that nature, human nature included, is a mixed bag. Some parts of our nature are good for us and some are bad for us. The ‘mixed bag’ idea leads naturally to the second idea, namely that the fact that something is part of our nature is, by itself, (...)
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  39.  7
    Interaction Vs. Observation: Distinctive Modes of Social Cognition in Human Brain and Behavior? A Combined fMRI and Eye-Tracking Study.Kristian Tylén, Micah Allen, Bjørk K. Hunter & Andreas Roepstorff - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  40.  29
    End-of-Life Care and Pragmatic Decision Making: A Bioethical Perspective.D. Micah Hester - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Every one of us will die, and the processes we go through will be our own - unique to our own experiences and life stories. End-of-Life Care and Pragmatic Decision Making provides a pragmatic philosophical framework based on a radically empirical attitude toward life and death. D. Micah Hester takes seriously the complexities of experiences and argues that when making end-of-life decisions, healthcare providers ought to pay close attention to the narratives of patients and the communities they inhabit so (...)
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  41.  53
    Reasonably Traditional: Self-Contradiction and Self-Reference in Alasdair MacIntyre's Account of Tradition-Based Rationality.Micah Lott - 2002 - Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (3):315 - 339.
    Alasdair MacIntyre's account of tradition-based rationality has been the subject of much discussion, as well as the object of some recent charges of inconsistency. The author considers arguments by Jennifer Herdt, Peter Mehl, and John Haldane which attempt to show that MacIntyre's account of rationality is, in some way, inconsistent. It is argued that the various charges of inconsistency brought against MacIntyre by these critics can be understood as variations on two general types of criticism: (1) that MacIntyre's account of (...)
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  42.  6
    Determining Death and the Scope of Medical Obligations.D. Micah Hester - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):37-39.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 37-39.
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  43.  13
    Agreed: The Harm Principle Cannot Replace the Best Interest Standard … but the Best Interest Standard Cannot Replace The Harm Principle Either.D. Micah Hester, Kellie R. Lang, Nanibaa' A. Garrison & Douglas S. Diekema - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (8):38-40.
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  44.  74
    Interests and Neonates: There is More to the Story Than We Explicitly Acknowledge.D. Micah Hester - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):357-372.
    Although there are many different moral arguments concerning the use of Best Interests in neonatal decision-making, there seems in practice a firm commitment to application of the concept. And yet, there is still little reflection given by practitioners about what employing a Best Interest determination means in infant care. The following lays out a comprehensive taxonomy of interest-sources in order to provide for more robust considerations of what constitutes best interests of/for neonates.
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  45.  24
    Guidance for Healthcare Ethics Committees.D. Micah Hester & Toby Schonfeld (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Introduction to healthcare ethics committees / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Brief introduction to ethics and ethical theory / D. Micah Hester and Toby Schonfeld -- Ethics committees and the law / Stephen Latham -- Cultural and ...
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  46.  35
    Why We Must Leave Our Organs to Others.D. Micah Hester - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):W23-W28.
    Organ procurement presents several ethical concerns (from what constitutes acceptable criteria for death to issues involved in specifically designating to whom an organ can be given), but none is more central than the concern for what are appropriate means for acquiring organs. The following discussion attempts a different perspective on the issue of organ procurement by arguing that, rather than appealing to our charitable consciences or our pocketbooks, relinquishing our organs after death in this day and age is, in fact, (...)
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  47.  5
    Electrical Resistivity of Silver-Gold Alloys.E. T. Micah & W. H. Young - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (159):613-621.
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  48.  36
    Spinozistic Expression.Zachary Micah Gartenberg - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    I investigate the meaning and significance of Spinoza’s elusive concept of “expression”. I do so by situating expression among his canonical relations of conception, causation, and inherence. I argue that, for Spinoza, expression necessarily corresponds to what is sufficient for conception, but implies neither causation nor inherence. This correspondence with sufficient conditions on conception and the pulling apart of expression from causation and inherence has important consequences for our grasp of the interconnections among Spinoza’s key metaphysical relations. But it also (...)
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  49.  11
    CUBISM: Belief, Anomaly and Social Constructs.Yorick Wilks, Micah Clark, Tomas By, Adam Dalton & Ian Perera - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (3):388-403.
    We introduce the CUBISM system for the analysis and deep understanding of multi-participant dialogues. CUBISM brings together two typically separate forms of discourse analysis: semantic analysis and sociolinguistic analysis. In the paper proper, we describe and illustrate major components of the CUBISM system, and discuss the challenge posed by the system’s ultimate purpose, which is to automatically detect anomalous changes in participants’ expressed or implied beliefs about the world and each other, including shifts toward or away from cultural and community (...)
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  50.  4
    The Greene Baize Door.Ian Gregor - 1955 - New Blackfriars 36 (426):327-333.
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