Results for 'Micah Summers'

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Micah Summers
Florida State University
  1. Two New Doubts about Simulation Arguments.Micah Summers & Marcus Arvan - 2022 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 100 (3):496-508.
    Various theorists contend that we may live in a computer simulation. David Chalmers in turn argues that the simulation hypothesis is a metaphysical hypothesis about the nature of our reality, rather than a sceptical scenario. We use recent work on consciousness to motivate new doubts about both sets of arguments. First, we argue that if either panpsychism or panqualityism is true, then the only way to live in a simulation may be as brains-in-vats, in which case it is unlikely that (...)
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  2. From cognitivism to autopoiesis: towards a computational framework for the embodied mind.Micah Allen & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2459-2482.
    Predictive processing approaches to the mind are increasingly popular in the cognitive sciences. This surge of interest is accompanied by a proliferation of philosophical arguments, which seek to either extend or oppose various aspects of the emerging framework. In particular, the question of how to position predictive processing with respect to enactive and embodied cognition has become a topic of intense debate. While these arguments are certainly of valuable scientific and philosophical merit, they risk underestimating the variety of approaches gathered (...)
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  3. Respiratory rhythms of the predictive mind.Micah Allen, Somogy Varga & Detlef H. Heck - 2022 - Psychological Review (4):1066-1080.
    Respiratory rhythms sustain biological life, governing the homeostatic exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Until recently, however, the influence of breathing on the brain has largely been overlooked. Yet new evidence demonstrates that the act of breathing exerts a substantive, rhythmic influence on perception, emotion, and cognition, largely through the direct modulation of neural oscillations. Here, we synthesize these findings to motivate a new predictive coding model of respiratory brain coupling, in which breathing rhythmically modulates both local and global neural (...)
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  4. Full-Blooded Conceptual Realism as a Response to Skeptical Relativism.Phillips-Gray Micah - 2021 - Stance 14:52-66.
    In this paper, I discuss full-blooded Platonism (the claim that all possible mathematical objects exist) as a response to the skeptical problem in the philosophy of mathematics as to how empirical beings can cognize non-empirical mathematical objects. I then attempt to develop an analogous position regarding the applicability of concepts to reality in response to the skeptical problem regarding how we can cognize an objective reality through human-constructed concepts. If all concepts meeting certain minimal conditions structure reality under some aspect, (...)
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  5. After virtue, narrative, and the human good.Micah Lott - 2023 - In Tom Angier (ed.), MacIntyre's After Virtue at 40. New York: Cambridge University Press.
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  6.  21
    Partially Overlapping Ownership and Contagion in Financial Networks.Micah Pollak & Yuanying Guan - 2017 - Complexity:1-16.
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  7.  92
    The Sincerity of Public Reason.Micah Schwartzman - 2010 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (4):375-398.
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  8.  23
    Thinking through prior bodies: autonomic uncertainty and interoceptive self-inference.Micah Allen, Nicolas Legrand, Camile Maria Costa Correa & Francesca Fardo - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    The Bayesian brain hypothesis, as formalized by the free-energy principle, is ascendant in cognitive science. But, how does the Bayesian brain obtain prior beliefs? Veissière and colleagues argue that sociocultural interaction is one important source. We offer a complementary model in which “interoceptive self-inference” guides the estimation of expected uncertainty both in ourselves and in our social conspecifics.
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  9.  90
    The Ethics of Reasoning from Conjecture.Micah Schwartzman - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):521-544.
    An important objection to political liberalism is that it provides no means by which to decide conflicts between public and non-public reasons. This article develops John Rawls' idea of `reasoning from conjecture' as one way to argue for a commitment to public reason. Reasoning from conjecture is a form of non-public justification that allows political liberals to reason from within the comprehensive views of at least some unreasonable citizens. After laying out the basic features of this form of non-public justification, (...)
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  10. Why Christian transhumanism?Micah Redding - 2022 - In Arvin M. Gouw, Brian Patrick Green & Ted Peters (eds.), Religious Transhumanism and Its Critics. Lanham: Lexington Books.
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  11. Why Christian transhumanism?Micah Redding - 2022 - In Arvin M. Gouw, Brian Patrick Green & Ted Peters (eds.), Religious Transhumanism and Its Critics. Lanham: Lexington Books.
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  12. The completeness of public reason.Micah Schwartzman - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (2):191-220.
    A common objection to the idea of public reason is that it cannot resolve fundamental political issues because it excludes too many moral considerations from the political domain. Following an important but often overlooked distinction drawn by Gerald Gaus, there are two ways to understand this objection. First, public reason is often said to be inconclusive because it fails to generate agreement on fundamental political issues. Second, and more radically, some critics have claimed that public reason is indeterminate because it (...)
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  13.  3
    Ḥazarah beli teshuvah: ʻal ḥiloniyut aḥeret ṿe-ʻal datiyut aḥeret = Philosophic roots of the secular-religious devide.Micah Goodman - 2019 - Ḥevel Modiʻin: Devir.
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  14. C. S. Lewis as natural law evangelist : evangelical political thought and the people in the pew.Micah Watson - 2013 - In Bryan T. McGraw, Jesse David Covington & Micah Joel Watson (eds.), Natural law and evangelical political thought. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
  15.  7
    The wrong of refugee containment.Micah Trautmann - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Encampment continues to be one of the dominant modes of responding to refugee situations. I suggest that we would do well to conceive of the wrongfulness of refugee camps not just in terms of their effects, but also in terms of their function. I endorse the view that camps currently function primarily to contain displaced persons and develop a novel conception of the wrong of encampment in terms of that function. Drawing on Heidegger's account of the spatiality proper to different (...)
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  16.  4
    Non‐Durable Solutions: The Harm of Permanently Temporary Refugee Habitation.Micah Trautmann - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    The notion of ‘durability’ plays a central role in the discourse, policies, and practices surrounding forced displacement. Yet, for all the talk of ‘durable solutions’ to refugee situations, durability is in many ways the quality most conspicuously absent in refugees' everyday lives and living spaces. As the world has grown progressively more inured to the practice of using provisional spaces of transit as permanent sites of residence, displaced persons are increasingly finding themselves trapped in spaces marked by a kind of (...)
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  17.  7
    The Road to Universal Coverage: Where Are We Now?Micah Johnson & Abdul El-Sayed - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (2):440-442.
    NoteThe following was written as a commentary on an article we published in our Spring 2023 issue, “’Comprehensive Healthcare for America’: Using the Insights of Behavioral Economics to Transform the U. S. Healthcare System,” by Paul C. Sorum, Christopher Stein, and Dale L. Moore. This commentary should have appeared alongside that article. We apologize to the authors and our readers for the error.
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  18.  3
    Ḥalomo shel ha-kuzari =.Micah Goodman - 2012 - Or Yehudah: Devir.
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  19. Mental realism: Rejecting the causal closure thesis and expanding our physical ontology.Micah Sparacio - 2002 - Pcid 2 (3-8).
  20.  53
    Multicultural counseling: responding with cultural humility, empathy, and advocacy.LaTonya M. Summers - 2023 - New York, NY: Springer Publishing. Edited by Lotes Nelson.
    Multicultural Counseling: Responding With Cultural Humility, Empathy, and Advocacy is divided up into three sections. The first section is comprised of four chapters and explores the counselors' worldview. The second section is made up of 19 chapters that encapsulate the clients' worldview. The third section includes four chapters that demonstrate the application of multicultural counseling by broaching race and culture; providing culturally responsive assessment, diagnosing, and treatment planning; finding a supervisor who prepares advocates; and designing a culturally sensitive workplace. Each (...)
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  21.  14
    On the acquisition of abstract knowledge: Structural alignment and explication in learning causal system categories.Micah B. Goldwater & Dedre Gentner - 2015 - Cognition 137 (C):137-153.
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  22. Relativism, Faultlessness, and the Epistemology of Disagreement.Micah Dugas - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (2):137-150.
    Abstract: Recent years have witnessed a revival of interest in relativism. Proponents have defended various accounts that seek to model the truth-conditions of certain propositions along the lines of standard possible world semantics. The central challenge for such views has been to explain what advantage they have over contextualist theories with regard to the possibility of disagreement. I will press this worry against Max Kölbel’s account of faultless disagreement. My case will proceed along two distinct but connected lines. First, I (...)
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  23.  16
    The empirical case for role-governed categories.Micah B. Goldwater, Arthur B. Markman & C. Hunt Stilwell - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):359-376.
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  24.  8
    Morality after Calvin: Theodore Beza's Christian censor and reformed ethics.Kirk M. Summers - 2017 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Morality after Calvin' examines the development of ethical thought in the Reformed tradition immediately following the death of Calvin. The book explores a previously unstudied work of Theodore Beza, the Cato Censorius Christianus (1591). When read in conjunction with the works and correspondence of Beza and his colleagues (Simon Goulart, Lambert Daneau, Peter Martyr Vermigli, among others), the poems of the Cato reveal the theoretical underpinnings of the disciplinary activity during the period. Kirk M. Summers shows how the moral (...)
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  25. Have Elephant Seals Refuted Aristotle? Nature, Function, and Moral Goodness.Micah Lott - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):353-375.
    An influential strand of neo-Aristotelianism, represented by writers such as Philippa Foot, holds that moral virtue is a form of natural goodness in human beings, analogous to deep roots in oak trees or keen vision in hawks. Critics, however, have argued that such a view cannot get off the ground, because the neo-Aristotelian account of natural normativity is untenable in light of a Darwinian account of living things. This criticism has been developed most fully by William Fitzpatrick in his book (...)
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  26.  10
    The seductive allure of cargo cult computationalism.Micah Allen - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e185.
    Bruineberg and colleagues report a striking confusion, in which the formal Bayesian notion of a “Markov blanket” has been frequently misunderstood and misapplied to phenomena of mind and life. I argue that misappropriation of formal concepts is pervasive in the “predictive processing” literature, and echo Richard Feynman in suggesting how we might resist the allure of cargo cult computationalism.
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  27.  10
    Cultivando a ambiguidade: considerações sobre questões de complexidade no discurso crioulo.Micah Corum - 2018 - Bakhtiniana 13 (2):6-31.
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  28.  21
    Stimulus-dependent flexibility in non-human auditory pitch processing.Micah R. Bregman, Aniruddh D. Patel & Timothy Q. Gentner - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):51-60.
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  29. Moral Virtue as Knowledge of Human Form.Micah Lott - 2012 - Social Theory and Practice 38 (3):407-431.
    This essay defends Aristotelian naturalism against the objection that it is naïvely optimistic, and contrary to empirical research, to suppose that virtues like justice are naturally good while vices like injustice are naturally defective. This objection depends upon the mistaken belief that our knowledge of human goodness in action and choice must come from the natural sciences. In fact, our knowledge of goodness in human action and character depends upon a practical understanding that is possessed by someone not qua scientist (...)
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  30.  42
    Illusory contours: a window onto the neurophysiology of constructing perception.Micah M. Murray & Christoph S. Herrmann - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (9):471-481.
  31.  25
    Gradient language dominance affects talker learning.Micah R. Bregman & Sarah C. Creel - 2014 - Cognition 130 (1):85-95.
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  32. A Realist Sexual Ethics.Micah Newman - 2014 - Ratio 28 (2):223-240.
    A very liberal sexual ethics now holds sway in Western culture, such that mutual consent alone is widely seen as morally legitimizing almost any sexual activity between adults. It is further commonly assumed by both philosophers and nonphilosophers that arguing for some alternative to liberal sexual ethics requires appeal to ethical commands specific to some religious tradition or other. The purpose of this paper is to challenge that assumption by suggesting some purely naturalistic and independently-plausible premises that can be used (...)
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  33.  70
    Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production.Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less successful than (...)
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  34.  19
    Corrigendum: Effects of Nodal Distance on Conditioned Stimulus Valences Across Time.Micah Amd, Armando Machado, Marlon Alexandre de Oliveira, Denise Aparecida Passarelli & Julio C. De Rose - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  35.  14
    Neurophysiological Effects Associated With Subliminal Conditioning of Appetite Motivations.Micah Amd & Sylvain Baillet - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36. Why be a good Human Being? Natural Goodness, Reason, and the Authority of Human Nature.Micah Lott - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):761-777.
    The central claim of Aristotelian naturalism is that moral goodness is a kind of species-specific natural goodness. Aristotelian naturalism has recently enjoyed a resurgence in the work of philosophers such as Philippa Foot, Rosalind Hursthouse, and Michael Thompson. However, any view that takes moral goodness to be a type of natural goodness faces a challenge: Granting that moral goodness is natural goodness for human beings, why should we care about being good human beings? Given that we are rational creatures who (...)
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  37. Evidential remedies for procedural rights violations : comparative criminal evidence law and empirical research.Sarah Summers - 2020 - In Jordi Ferrer Beltrán & Carmen Vázquez Rojas (eds.), Evidential legal reasoning: crossing civil law and common law traditions. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  38.  6
    Wirkliche Sittlichkeit und ästhetische Illusion: die Fichterezeption in den Fragmenten und Aufzeichnungen Friedrich Schlegels und Hardenbergs.Stefan Summerer - 1972 - Bonn: Bouvier.
  39. Beholden to revelation? : scripture's role as public knowledge and moral authority.Micah Watson - 2014 - In Paul R. DeHart & Carson Holloway (eds.), Reason, Revelation, and the Civic Order: Political Philosophy and the Claims of Faith. Northern Illinois University Press.
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  40. The late Rawls : what is public reason?Micah Watson - 2014 - In Greg Forster & Anthony B. Bradley (eds.), John Rawls and Christian Social Engagement: Justice as Unfairness. Lexington Books.
     
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  41.  23
    Constructional sources of implicit agents in sentence comprehension.Micah B. Goldwater & Arthur B. Markman - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 20 (4).
  42. Emergence, Supervenience, and Introductory Chemical Education.Micah Newman - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (7):1655-1667.
    In learning chemistry at the entry level, many learners labor under misconceptions about the subject matter that are so fundamental that they are typically never addressed. A fundamental misconception in chemistry appears to arise from an adding of existing phenomenal concepts to newly-acquired chemical concepts, so that beginning learners think of chemical entities as themselves having the very same ‘macro’ properties that we observe through the senses. Those who teach or practice chemistry never acquire these misconceptions because they were able (...)
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  43.  10
    Grammatical Constructions as Relational Categories.Micah B. Goldwater - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):776-799.
    This paper argues that grammatical constructions, specifically argument structure constructions that determine the “who did what to whom” part of sentence meaning and how this meaning is expressed syntactically, can be considered a kind of relational category. That is, grammatical constructions are represented as the abstraction of the syntactic and semantic relations of the exemplar utterances that are expressed in that construction, and it enables the generation of novel exemplars. To support this argument, I review evidence that there are parallel (...)
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  44.  83
    The Relevance of Locke’s Religious Arguments for Toleration.Micah Schwartzman - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (5):678-705.
    John Locke's theory of toleration has been criticized as having little relevance for politics today because it rests on controversial theological foundations. Although there have been some recent attempts to develop secular; or publicly accessible, arguments out of Locke's writings, these tend to obscure and distort the religious arguments that Locke used to defend toleration. More importantly, these efforts ignore the role that religious arguments may play in supporting the development of a normative consensus on the legitimacy of liberal political (...)
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  45. Must realists be skeptics? An Aristotelian reply to a Darwinian Dilemma.Micah Lott - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):71-96.
    In a series of influential essays, Sharon Street has argued, on the basis of Darwinian considerations, that normative realism leads to skepticism about moral knowledge. I argue that if we begin with the account of moral knowledge provided by Aristotelian naturalism, then we can offer a satisfactory realist response to Street’s argument, and that Aristotelian naturalism can avoid challenges facing other realist responses. I first explain Street’s evolutionary argument and three of the most prominent realist responses, and I identify challenges (...)
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  46. Moral Implications from Cognitive (Neuro)Science? No Clear Route.Micah Lott - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1):241-256.
    Joshua Greene argues that cognitive (neuro)science matters for ethics in two ways, the “direct route” and the “indirect route.” Greene illustrates the direct route with a debunking explanation of the inclination to condemn all incest. The indirect route is an updated version of Greene’s argument that dual-process moral psychology gives support for consequentialism over deontology. I consider each of Greene’s arguments, and I argue that neither succeeds. If there is a route from cognitive (neuro)science to ethics, Greene has not found (...)
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  47.  63
    Reasonably Traditional: Self-Contradiction and Self-Reference in Alasdair MacIntyre's Account of Tradition-Based Rationality.Micah Lott - 2002 - Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (3):315 - 339.
    Alasdair MacIntyre's account of tradition-based rationality has been the subject of much discussion, as well as the object of some recent charges of inconsistency. The author considers arguments by Jennifer Herdt, Peter Mehl, and John Haldane which attempt to show that MacIntyre's account of rationality is, in some way, inconsistent. It is argued that the various charges of inconsistency brought against MacIntyre by these critics can be understood as variations on two general types of criticism: (1) that MacIntyre's account of (...)
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  48.  43
    The Skeptic’s Predicament.Micah Baize - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):147-155.
  49.  52
    Chemical supervenience.Micah Newman - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 10 (1):49-62.
    This paper surveys some ways in which the chemical realm can be described and outlined in terms of the concept of supervenience. The particular contours of general chemical theory provide a ready basis for interpretation of determination, covariance, and nonreduction—the characteristic metaphysical facets of the supervenience relation—in mutual terms. Building on this, the extent to which chemically characterized properties and entities can be described in terms of a supervenience-scaffolded structure represents a particularly vivid application that philosophers in general interested in (...)
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  50.  13
    Combining Accreditation and Education: An Interdisciplinary Public Health Law Course.Micah L. Berman - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (s1):18-23.
    This article discusses an interdisciplinary and community-engaged public health law course that was developed as part of The Future of Public Health Law Education faculty fellowship program. Law and public health students worked collaboratively to assist a local health department in preparing for the law-related aspects of Public Health Accreditation Board review.
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