Results for 'Micha�� Marczyk'

199 found
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  1.  26
    Completion of the Causal Completability Problem.Michał Marczyk & Leszek Wroński - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):307-326.
    We give a few results concerning the notions of causal completability and causal closedness of classical probability spaces . We prove that any classical probability space has a causally closed extension; any finite classical probability space with positive rational probabilities on the atoms of the event algebra can be extended to a causally up-to-three-closed finite space; and any classical probability space can be extended to a space in which all correlations between events that are logically independent modulo measure zero event (...)
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  2.  22
    Visual Complexity and Its Effects on Referring Expression Generation.Micha Elsner, Alasdair Clarke & Hannah Rohde - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):940-973.
    Speakers’ perception of a visual scene influences the language they use to describe it—which objects they choose to mention and how they characterize the relationships between them. We show that visual complexity can either delay or facilitate description generation, depending on how much disambiguating information is required and how useful the scene's complexity can be in providing, for example, helpful landmarks. To do so, we measure speech onset times, eye gaze, and utterance content in a reference production experiment in which (...)
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  3.  33
    Leadership as Relationship.Micha Popper - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (2):107–125.
    The article reviews the various ramifications in the discussion on leadership, focusing on the view of leadership as relationships between leaders and followers. Three main types of leader-follower relations are discussed, and their specific characteristics are described: regressive relations, symbolic relations, and developmental relations. After analyzing the major implications, as well as the conceptual limitations, of these perspectives, the article suggests directions for a more integrative conceptualization of leader-follower relations.
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  4.  27
    Only Countable Reichenbachian Common Cause Systems Exist.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1155-1160.
    In this paper we give a positive answer to a problem posed by Hofer-Szabó and Rédei (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 43:1819–1826, 2004) regarding the existence of infinite Reichenbachian common cause systems (RCCSs). An example of a countably infinite RCCS is presented. It is also determined that no RCCSs of greater cardinality exist.
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  5.  13
    Followership, Deity and Leadership.Micha Popper - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):211-228.
    Two questions are addressed in this article: 1. Why are people attracted to leaders? 2. How are leaders' images construed? The first question is analyzed by using the concept of “deity” as a frame of reference for an “ideal model” of leadership. God as a “screen of projections” can satisfy the believer's fundamental needs and desires, as well as serving as a reference for causal attributions and a provider of transcendental meaning. Using Construal Level Theory, deity, as a frame of (...)
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  6.  10
    Followership, Deity and Leadership.Micha Popper - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):211-228.
    Two questions are addressed in this article: 1. Why are people attracted to leaders? 2. How are leaders' images construed? The first question is analyzed by using the concept of “deity” as a frame of reference for an “ideal model” of leadership. God as a “screen of projections” can satisfy the believer's fundamental needs and desires, as well as serving as a reference for causal attributions and a provider of transcendental meaning. Using Construal Level Theory, deity, as a frame of (...)
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  7.  33
    A New Notion of Causal Closedness.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-26.
    In recent years part of the literature on probabilistic causality concerned notions stemming from Reichenbach’s idea of explaining correlations between not directly causally related events by referring to their common causes. A few related notions have been introduced, e.g. that of a “common cause system” (Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Int J Theor Phys 43(7/8):1819–1826, 2004) and “causal (N-)closedness” of probability spaces (Gyenis and Rédei in Found Phys 34(9):1284–1303, 2004; Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Found Phys 36(5):745–756, 2006). In this paper we (...)
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  8.  1
    Diskursethik als Maximenethik: Von der Prinzipienbegründung zur Handlungsorientierung.Micha H. Werner - 2003 - Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann.
    The book introduces a conception of discourse ethics, an intersubjectivist version of Kantian ethics. Analyzing contributions from Jürgen Habermas, Karl-Otto Apel, Wolfgang Kuhlmann, Albrecht Wellmer, Robert Alexy, Klaus Günther, Rainer Forst, Marcel Niquet and others, it reconstructs critical discussions on the justification of the principle of morality (part I) and on the various proposals on how to apply it (part II). It defends an alternative model of how discourse ethics can provide guidance under non-ideal circumstances and avoid both arbitrariness and (...)
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  9.  1
    The Distortion of Distributed Voting.Aris Filos-Ratsikas, Evi Micha & Alexandros A. Voudouris - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 286:103343.
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  10. Time Travel for Endurantists.Markos Valaris & Michaelis Michael - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (4):357-364.
    Famously, David Lewis argued that we can avoid the apparent paradoxes of time travel by introducing a notion of personal time, which by and large follows the causal flow of the time traveler's life history. This paper argues that a related approach can be adapted for use by three-dimensionalists in response to Ted Sider's claim that three-dimensionalism is inconsistent with time travel. In contrast to Lewis (and others who follow him on this point), however, this paper argues that the order (...)
     
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  11.  35
    Knowledge Ascription by Grammatical Construction.Laura A. Michaelis - 2011 - In John Bengson & Marc A. Moffett (eds.), Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 261.
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  12.  28
    A Note on Syntactical and Semantical Functions.Adam Gajda, Micha? Krynicki & Les?aw Szczerba - 1987 - Studia Logica 46 (2):177 - 185.
    We say that a semantical function is correlated with a syntactical function F iff for any structure A and any sentence we have A F A .It is proved that for a syntactical function F there is a semantical function correlated with F iff F preserves propositional connectives up to logical equivalence. For a semantical function there is a syntactical function F correlated with iff for any finitely axiomatizable class X the class –1X is also finitely axiomatizable (i.e. iff is (...)
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  13. Implicit Ontological Commitment.Michaelis Michael - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 141 (1):43 - 61.
    Quine’s general approach is to treat ontology as a matter of what a theory says there is. This turns ontology into a question of which existential statements are consequences of that theory. This approach is contrasted favourably with the view that takes ontological commitment as a relation to things. However within the broadly Quinean approach we can distinguish different accounts, differing as to the nature of the consequence relation best suited for determining those consequences. It is suggested that Quine’s own (...)
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  14.  53
    Information and Veridicality: Information Processing and the Bar-Hillel/Carnap Paradox.Nir Fresco & Michaelis Michael - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (1):131-151.
    Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information posits the Veridicality Thesis. One motivation is that it can serve as a foundation for information-based epistemology being an alternative to the tripartite theory of knowledge. However, the Veridicality thesis is false, if ‘information’ is to play an explanatory role in human cognition. Another motivation is avoiding the so-called Bar-Hillel/Carnap paradox. But this paradox only seems paradoxical, if ‘information’ and ‘informativeness’ are synonymous, logic is a theory of inference, or validity suffices for rational inference; (...)
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  15.  37
    On a “Most Telling” Argument for Paraconsistent Logic.Michaelis Michael - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    Priest and others have presented their “most telling” argument for paraconsistent logic: that only paraconsistent logics allow non-trivial inconsistent theories. This is a very prevalent argument; occurring as it does in the work of many relevant and more generally paraconsistent logicians. However this argument can be shown to be unsuccessful. There is a crucial ambiguity in the notion of non-triviality. Disambiguated the most telling reason for paraconsistent logics is either question-begging or mistaken. This highlights an important confusion about the role (...)
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  16.  31
    'Continuity' Within Three Scalar Models: The Polysemy of Adverbial Still.Laura A. Michaelis - 1993 - Journal of Semantics 10 (3):193-237.
    This study represents an elaboration and revision of König's (1977) account of the synchronic interrelations among three senses of the English adverbial still. These senses at issue are those in which still serves as a marker of a state's continuation to a temporal reference point, as a concessive particle, and as an indicator of marginal membership within a graded category. I argue here that the three semanrically and grammatically distinct senses can be reconciled by the modern speaker, the lexeme still (...)
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  17.  63
    Exhaustive Classication of Finite Classical Probability Spaces with Regard to the Notion of Causal Up-to-N-Closedness.Michal Marczyk & Leszek Wronski - unknown
    Extending the ideas from (Hofer-Szabó and Rédei [2006]), we introduce the notion of causal up-to-n-closedness of probability spaces. A probability space is said to be causally up-to-n-closed with respect to a relation of independence R_ind iff for any pair of correlated events belonging to R_ind the space provides a common cause or a common cause system of size at most n. We prove that a finite classical probability space is causally up-to-3-closed w.r.t. the relation of logical independence iff its probability (...)
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  18.  38
    Only Countable Common Cause Systems Exist.Michal Marczyk & Leszek Wronski - unknown
    In this paper we give a positive answer to a problem posed by G. Hofer-Szabo and M. Redei regarding the existence of infinite common cause systems. An example of a countably infinite CCS is presented, as well as the proof that no CCSs of greater cardinality exist.
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  19.  2
    Why Would We Expect the Mind to Work That Way? The Fitness Costs to Inaccurate Beliefs.Jesse Marczyk - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  20.  79
    Sentence Accent in Information Questions: Default and Projection. [REVIEW]Knud Lambrecht & Laura A. Michaelis - 1998 - Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (5):477-544.
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  21.  24
    How Do Expectations Shape Perception?Floris P. de Lange, Micha Heilbron & Peter Kok - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (9):764-779.
  22.  8
    Type Shifting in Construction Grammar: An Integrated Approach to Aspectual Coercion.Laura A. Michaelis - 2004 - Cognitive Linguistics 15 (1):1-67.
  23. Belief De Re, Knowing Who, and Singular Thought.Michaelis Michael - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (6):293-310.
  24.  8
    Existenzialismus Und Rechtswissenschaft.Anne L. Michaelis - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (1):128-129.
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  25.  36
    Tichý on Kripke on A Posteriori Necessities.Michaelis Michael - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 92 (1/2):113 - 126.
    In Tichy's influential attack, a number of egregious errors are attributed to Kripke's seminal distinction of epistemic and metaphysical dimensions in meaning. I argue that Tichy's work is based on important misunderstandings. In particular Tichy attributes to Kripke the mistaken view that it is propositions, that is sets of worlds, which are the proper object of the appellation "a priori" and "a posteriori". I show that this is a mistaken attribution. Further, I argue that propositions cannot be uniquely associated with (...)
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  26.  20
    Frontispiece.Cecil Michaelis - 1988 - Renascence 41 (1):1-1.
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  27.  59
    Problems with Lewis' Argument for the Identity Theory.Michaelis Michael - 2013 - Ratio 26 (1):51-61.
    David Lewis presented a celebrated argument for the identity theory of mind. His argument has provided the model for the program of analytic functionalism. He argues from two premises, that mental states are analytically tied to their causal roles and that, contingently, there is never a need to explain any physical change by going outside the realm of the physical, to the conclusion that mental states are physical. I show that his argument is mistaken and that it trades on a (...)
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  28.  18
    Rosa Luxemburg on Disappointment and the Politics of Commitment.Loralea Michaelis - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (2):202-224.
    This article explores the conceptual commitments underlying Luxemburg’s repudiation of the discourse of disappointment which had overtaken the European socialist movement during the First World War. My analysis brushes against the grain of the traditional interpretation of Luxemburg’s admonitions ‘to be cheerful despite everything and anything’ as arising from her allegiance to a Marxist philosophy of history which decrees that socialism must inevitably prevail and so refuses to give way to disappointment or despair. The philosophy of history which Luxemburg absorbed (...)
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  29.  45
    Michaelis Pselli Theologica, Vol. I. [REVIEW]J. A. Munitiz - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (1):229-230.
  30.  14
    Facing Inconsistency: Theories and Our Relations to Them.Michaelis Michael - 2013 - Episteme 10 (4):351-367.
    Classical logic is explosive in the face of contradiction, yet we find ourselves using inconsistent theories. Mark Colyvan, one of the prominent advocates of the indispensability argument for realism about mathematical objects, suggests that such use can be garnered to develop an argument for commitment to inconsistent objects and, because of that, a paraconsistent underlying logic. I argue to the contrary that it is open to a classical logician to make distinctions, also needed by the paraconsistent logician, which allow a (...)
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  31.  18
    From Correlation to Causation: What Do We Need in the Historical Sciences?Michaelis Michael, Malte Ebach & Wendy Shaw - 2016 - Acta Biotheoretica 64 (3):241-262.
    Changes in the methodology of the historical sciences make them more vulnerable to unjustifiable speculations being passed off as scientific results. The integrity of historical science is in peril due the way speculative and often unexamined causal assumptions are being used to generate data and underpin the identification of correlations in such data. A step toward a solution is to distinguish between plausible and speculative assumptions that facilitate the inference from measured and observed data to causal claims. One way to (...)
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  32.  48
    The Problems with Double-Indexing Accounts of the a Priori.Michaelis Michael - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):67-81.
    Inspired by two-dimensional modal logic, some have sought to provide analyses of the notion of the contingent a priori which identify the a priori with truths which have a necessary diagonal. I argue that these analyses fail insofar as they miss the crucial epistemic aspect of the a priori. Augmenting these analyses with specifically epistemic accounts might be possible, but the interest would then reside in these epistemic accounts of the a priori and not in the formal models.
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  33.  26
    Reasonable Optimism.Peter Caldwell & Michaelis Michael - 1998 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 6 (3):19-31.
  34. Michaelis, J. D., De l'influence des opinions sur le langage et du langage sur les opinions. [REVIEW]P. Swiggers - 1980 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 42:627.
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  35.  45
    On the Use and Meaning Ofalready.Laura A. Michaelis - 1996 - Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (5):477 - 502.
  36. Compatibilist Semantics in Metaphysics: A Case Study.John O'Leary-Hawthorne & Michaelis Michael - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1):117 – 134.
    (1996). Compatibilist semantics in metaphysics: A case study. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 74, No. 1, pp. 117-134. doi: 10.1080/00048409612347101.
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  37.  13
    Aristotle and Kant.Micha Brumlik - 2005 - In Wolfgang Edelstein & Gertrud Nunner-Winkler (eds.), Morality in Context. Elsevier. pp. 137--57.
  38.  3
    Walter Gropius: Visionary Founder of the Bauhaus by Fiona MacCarthy.Micha Gross - 2020 - Common Knowledge 26 (3):434-435.
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  39.  16
    Micha Brumlik: Kritik des Zionismus.Julius H. Schoeps - 2008 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 60 (3):282-283.
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  40. Michaelis, Edgar, Die Menschheitsproblematik der Freudschen Psychoanalyse. [REVIEW]Julius Schultz - 1926 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 31:604.
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  41. Michaelis, Edgar, Die Menschheitsproblematik der Freudschen Psychoanalyse.Julius Schultz - 1926 - Kant-Studien 31:604.
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  42.  5
    Michaelis Et l'Archéologie Française.Gérard Siebert - 1996 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 120 (1):261-271.
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  43.  35
    Michaelis Marulli Carmina. [REVIEW]D. C. C. Young - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (1):77-78.
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  44. Imperatoris Michaelis Palaeologi de vita sua.Henri Gregoire - forthcoming - Byzantion.
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  45.  13
    Tombeaux et offrandes rustiques chez Les poètes français et néo-latins du XVI E siècle.Françoise Joukovsky-Micha - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  46.  1
    Philosophie Und Padagogik Paul Haberlins in Ihren Wandlungen.Anne L. Michaelis - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48:343.
  47.  23
    Philosophie Und Pädagogik Paul Häberlins in Ihren Wandlungen.Anne L. Michaelis - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):20-21.
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  48.  23
    Scientists in Search of Their Conscience.Raymond Aron, Anthony R. Michaelis & Hugh Harvey (eds.) - 1973 - New York: Springer Verlag.
  49.  15
    Giving Good Directions: Order of Mention Reflects Visual Salience.Alasdair D. F. Clarke, Micha Elsner & Hannah Rohde - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  50.  32
    Politics and the Art of Suffering in Hölderlin and Nietzsche.Loralea Michaelis - 2001 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (5):89-115.
    This paper develops an analysis of the relationship between politics and suffering in the writings of Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843) and Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). Both thinkers uphold the tragic idea of suffering as a crucible in which the uniquely human powers of self-creation - having reached, apparently, their lowest point - are revealed in all of their grand majesty. Yet they diverge dramatically when it comes to working out the political implications of this idea. Whereas Hölderlin deploys the tragic revaluation of (...)
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