Results for 'Michael A. Stoto'

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  1.  32
    American College of Epidemiology Ethics Guidelines: Foundations and Dissemination.Robert E. McKeown, Douglas L. Weed, Jeffrey P. Kahn & Michael A. Stoto - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):207-214.
    Epidemiology is a core science of public health, focusing on research related to the distribution and determinants of both positive and adverse health states and events and on application of knowledge gained to improve public health. The American College of Epidemiology (ACE) is a professional organization devoted to the professional practice of epidemiology. As part of that commitment, and in response to concerns for more explicit attention to core values and duties of epidemiologists in light of emerging issues and increased (...)
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  2. Common Sense Morality and Consequentialism.Michael A. Slote - 1985 - Routledge & Kegan.
  3.  44
    James D. Marshall: Philosopher of Education Interview with Michael A. Peters.Michael A. Peters - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (3):291–297.
  4. Towards a Philosophy of Academic Publishing.Michael A. Peters, Petar Jandrić, Ruth Irwin, Kirsten Locke, Nesta Devine, Richard Heraud, Andrew Gibbons, Tina Besley, Jayne White, Daniella Forster, Liz Jackson, Elizabeth Grierson, Carl Mika, Georgina Stewart, Marek Tesar, Susanne Brighouse, Sonja Arndt, George Lazaroiu, Ramona Mihaila, Catherine Legg & Leon Benade - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (14):1401-1425.
    This article is concerned with developing a philosophical approach to a number of significant changes to academic publishing, and specifically the global journal knowledge system wrought by a range of new digital technologies that herald the third age of the journal as an electronic, interactive and mixed-media form of scientific communication. The paper emerges from an Editors' Collective, a small New Zealand-based organisation comprised of editors and reviewers of academic journals mostly in the fields of education and philosophy. The paper (...)
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  5. What is a Theory of Meaning?Michael A. E. Dummett - 1975 - In Samuel Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language. Oxford University Press.
  6.  28
    Truth and Other Enigmas.Michael A. E. Dummett - 1978 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
    A collection of all but two of the author's philosophical essays and lectures originally published or presented before August 1976.
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  7.  6
    Philosophy of Education in a New Key.Michael A. Peters, Sonja Arndt, Marek Tesar, Liz Jackson, Ruyu Hung, Carl Mika, Janis T. Ozolins, Christoph Teschers, Janet Orchard, Rachel Buchanan, Andrew Madjar, Rene Novak, Tina Besley, Sean Sturm, Peter Roberts & Andrew Gibbons - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-22.
    Michael Peters, Sonja Arndt & Marek TesarThis is a collective writing experiment of PESA members, including its Executive Committee, asking questions of the Philosophy of Education in a New Key. Co...
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  8.  51
    Beyond Optimizing: A Study of Rational Choice.Michael A. Slote - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    Argues that rather than pursuing every optimizing choice, individuals use common sense in making decisions, and includes real-life examples.
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  9.  15
    The Darwinian Revolution and its Counterrevolutionaries Then and Now: Randall Fuller: The Book That Changed America: How Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Ignited a Nation. New York: Viking, 2017, X + 294 Pp, $27.00 HB Michael J. Behe: Darwin Devolves: The New Science About DNA That Challenges Evolution. New York: HarperOne, 2019, 342 Pp, $28.99 HB.Michael A. Flannery - 2019 - Metascience 28 (3):405-413.
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  10.  50
    Education in a Post-Truth World.Michael A. Peters - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (6).
  11.  98
    Humanism in Business – Towards a Paradigm Shift?Michael A. Pirson & Paul R. Lawrence - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):553-565.
    Management theory and practice are facing unprecedented challenges. The lack of sustainability, the increasing inequity, and the continuous decline in societal trust pose a threat to ‘business as usual’. Capitalism is at a crossroad and scholars, practitioners, and policy makers are called to rethink business strategy in light of major external changes. In the following, we review an alternative view of human beings that is based on a renewed Darwinian theory developed by Lawrence and Nohria. We label this alternative view (...)
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  12.  61
    The Construction of Reality.Michael A. Arbib & Mary B. Hesse - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Michael Arbib, a researcher in artificial intelligence and brain theory, joins forces with Mary Hesse, a philosopher of science, to present an integrated account of how humans 'construct' reality through interaction with the social and physical world around them. The book is a major expansion of the Gifford Lectures delivered by the authors at the University of Edinburgh in the autumn of 1983. The authors reconcile a theory of the individual's construction of reality as a network (...)
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  13. Consciousness Cannot Be Separated From Function.Michael A. Cohen & Daniel C. Dennett - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):358--364.
    Here, we argue that any neurobiological theory based on an experience/function division cannot be empirically confirmed or falsified and is thus outside the scope of science. A ‘perfect experiment’ illustrates this point, highlighting the unbreachable boundaries of the scientific study of consciousness. We describe a more nuanced notion of cognitive access that captures personal experience without positing the existence of inaccessible conscious states. Finally, we discuss the criteria necessary for forming and testing a falsifiable theory of consciousness.
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  14.  20
    Neural Expectations: A Possible Evolutionary Path From Manual Skills to Language.Michael A. Arbib & Giacomo Rizzolatti - forthcoming - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal.
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  15. The Interpretation of Frege's Philosophy.Michael A. E. Dummett - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
  16. Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment.Michael A. Bishop & J. D. Trout - 2004 - New York: OUP USA.
    Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology. Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic epistemology, and treat it as a branch of the philosophy of science. The approach is novel in its use of cost-benefit analysis to guide people facing real reasoning problems and in its framework for resolving normative disputes in psychology. Based on empirical data, Bishop and Trout show how people can improve their reasoning by relying (...)
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  17.  64
    Reimagining the New Pedagogical Possibilities for Universities Post-Covid-19.Michael A. Peters, Fazal Rizvi, Gary McCulloch, Paul Gibbs, Radhika Gorur, Moon Hong, Yoonjung Hwang, Lew Zipin, Marie Brennan, Susan Robertson, John Quay, Justin Malbon, Danilo Taglietti, Ronald Barnett, Wang Chengbing, Peter McLaren, Rima Apple, Marianna Papastephanou, Nick Burbules, Liz Jackson, Pankaj Jalote, Mary Kalantzis, Bill Cope, Aslam Fataar, James Conroy, Greg Misiaszek, Gert Biesta, Petar Jandrić, Suzanne S. Choo, Michael Apple, Lynda Stone, Rob Tierney, Marek Tesar, Tina Besley & Lauren Misiaszek - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-44.
    Michael A. Petersa and Fazal Rizvib aBeijing Normal University, Beijing, PR China; bMelbourne University, Melbourne, Australia Our minds are still racing back and forth, longing for a return to ‘no...
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  18.  51
    Origins of Analytical Philosophy.Michael A. E. Dummett - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
    When contrasted with "Continental" philosophy, analytical philosophy is often called "Anglo-American." Dummett argues that "Anglo-Austrian" would be a more accurate label. By re-examining the similar origins of the two traditions, we can come to understand why they later diverged so widely, and thus take the first step toward reconciliation.
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  19.  21
    A Rationalist Defence of Determinism.Michael A. Istvan - 2021 - Theoria 87 (2):394-434.
    Largely due to the popular allegation that contemporary science has uncovered indeterminism in the deepest known levels of physical reality, the debate as to whether humans have moral freedom, the sort of freedom on which moral responsibility depends, has put aside to some extent the traditional worry over whether determinism is true. As I argue in this paper, however, there are powerful proofs for both chronological determinism and necessitarianism, forms of determinism that pose the most penetrative threat to human moral (...)
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  20.  7
    A Viral Theory of Post-Truth.Michael A. Peters, Peter McLaren & Petar Jandrić - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-9.
    There is an ecology of bad ideas, just as there is an ecology of weeds, and it is characteristic of the system that basic error propagates itself.–Gregory Bateson, Steps Towards an Ecology of Mind...
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  21. From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language: An Evolutionary Framework for Neurolinguistics.Michael A. Arbib - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):105-124.
    The article analyzes the neural and functional grounding of language skills as well as their emergence in hominid evolution, hypothesizing stages leading from abilities known to exist in monkeys and apes and presumed to exist in our hominid ancestors right through to modern spoken and signed languages. The starting point is the observation that both premotor area F5 in monkeys and Broca's area in humans contain a “mirror system” active for both execution and observation of manual actions, and that F5 (...)
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  22.  88
    A Theory of Freedom and Responsibility.Michael A. Smith - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press. pp. 293-317.
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  23.  18
    After Postmodernism in Educational Theory? A Collective Writing Experiment and Thought Survey.Michael A. Peters, Marek Tesar & Liz Jackson - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1299-1307.
  24.  60
    What is the Bandwidth of Perceptual Experience?Michael A. Cohen, Daniel C. Dennett & Nancy Kanwisher - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (5):324-335.
    Although our subjective impression is of a richly detailed visual world, numerous empirical results suggest that the amount of visual information observers can perceive and remember at any given moment is limited. How can our subjective impressions be reconciled with these objective observations? Here, we answer this question by arguing that, although we see more than the handful of objects, claimed by prominent models of visual attention and working memory, we still see far less than we think we do. Taken (...)
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  25.  8
    A Map of Technopolitics: Deep Convergence, Platform Ontologies, and Cognitive Efficiency.Michael A. Peters - 2020 - Thesis Eleven 158 (1):117-140.
    This paper, based on an invited Thesis Eleven presentation, provides a ‘map of technopolitics’ that springs from an investigation of the theoretical notion of technological convergence adopted by the US National Science Foundation, signaling a new paradigm of ‘nano-bio-info-cogno’ technologies. This integration at the nano-level is expected to drive the next wave of scientific research, technology and knowledge economy. The paper explores the concept of ‘technopolitics’ by investigating the links between Wittgenstein’s anti-scientism and Lyotard’s ‘technoscience’, reviewing the history of the (...)
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  26.  79
    Coalescent Argumentation.Michael A. Gilbert - 1995 - Argumentation 9 (5):837-852.
    Coalescent argumentation is a normative ideal that involves the joining together of two disparate claims through recognition and exploration of opposing positions. By uncovering the crucial connection between a claim and the attitudes, beliefs, feelings, values and needs to which it is connected dispute partners are able to identify points of agreement and disagreement. These points can then be utilized to effect coalescence, a joining or merging of divergent positions, by forming the basis for a mutual investigation of non-conflictual options (...)
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  27.  25
    Neurolinguistics Must Be Computational.Michael A. Arbib & David Caplan - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):449-460.
  28.  57
    The Attentional Requirements of Consciousness.Michael A. Cohen, Patrick Cavanagh, Marvin M. Chun & Ken Nakayama - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):411-417.
  29. Derrida as a Profound Humanist.Michael A. Peters - 2009 - In Derrida, Deconstruction, and the Politics of Pedagogy. Peter Lang.
     
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  30.  20
    The Good Life: Unifying the Philosophy and Psychology of Well-Being.Michael A. Bishop - 2015 - OUP USA.
    Science and philosophy study well-being with different but complementary methods. Marry these methods and a new picture emerges: To have well-being is to be "stuck" in a positive cycle of emotions, attitudes, traits and success. This book unites the scientific and philosophical worldviews into a powerful new theory of well-being.
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  31.  12
    A Psychomotor Stimulant Theory of Addiction.Roy A. Wise & Michael A. Bozarth - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):469-492.
  32.  82
    Goods and Virtues.Michael A. Slote - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
  33.  95
    A Piagetian Perspective on Mathematical Construction.Michael A. Arbib - 1990 - Synthese 84 (1):43 - 58.
    In this paper, we offer a Piagetian perspective on the construction of the logico-mathematical schemas which embody our knowledge of logic and mathematics. Logico-mathematical entities are tied to the subject's activities, yet are so constructed by reflective abstraction that they result from sensorimotor experience only via the construction of intermediate schemas of increasing abstraction. The axiom set does not exhaust the cognitive structure (schema network) which the mathematician thus acquires. We thus view truth not as something to be defined within (...)
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  34.  6
    Ancient Centers of Higher Learning: A Bias in the Comparative History of the University?Michael A. Peters - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (11):1063-1072.
    Volume 51, Issue 11, October 2019, Page 1063-1072.
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  35. Strategic Reliabilism: A Naturalistic Approach to Epistemology.Michael A. Bishop & J. D. Trout - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (5):1049-1065.
    Strategic Reliabilism is a framework that yields relative epistemic evaluations of belief-producing cognitive processes. It is a theory of cognitive excellence, or more colloquially, a theory of reasoning excellence (where 'reasoning' is understood very broadly as any sort of cognitive process for coming to judgments or beliefs). First introduced in our book, Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment (henceforth EPHJ), the basic idea behind SR is that epistemically excellent reasoning is efficient reasoning that leads in a robustly reliable fashion (...)
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  36. Heidegger, Education, and Modernity.Michael A. Peters, Valerie Allen, Ares D. Axiotis, Michael Bonnett, David E. Cooper, Patrick Fitzsimons, Ilan Gur-Ze'ev, Padraig Hogan, F. Ruth Irwin, Bert Lambeir, Paul Smeyers, Paul Standish & Iain Thomson - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Martin Heidegger is, perhaps, the most controversial philosopher of the twentieth-century. Little has been written on him or about his work and its significance for educational thought. This unique collection by a group of international scholars reexamines Heidegger's work and its legacy for educational thought.
     
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  37.  72
    A Category-Theoretic Approach to Systems in a Fuzzy World.Michael A. Arbib & Ernest G. Manes - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):381 - 406.
  38. Why the Generality Problem is Everybody’s Problem.Michael A. Bishop - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (2):285 - 298.
    The generality problem is widely considered to be a devastating objection to reliabilist theories of justification. My goal in this paper is to argue that a version of the generality problem applies to all plausible theories of justification. Assume that any plausible theory must allow for the possibility of reflective justification—S's belief, B, is justified on the basis of S's knowledge that she arrived at B as a result of a highly (but not perfectly) reliable way of reasoning, R. The (...)
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  39.  4
    Handbook of Implicit Learning.Michael A. Stadler & Peter A. Frensch - 1998 - Sage Publications.
    Research on implicit learning - a cognitive phenomenon in which people acquire knowledge without conscious intent or awareness - has been growing exponentially. This volume draws together this research, offering the first complete reference on implicit learning by those who have been instrumental in shaping the field. The contributors explore controversies in the field, and examine: functional characteristics, brain mechanisms and neurological foundations of implicit learning; connectionist models; and applications of implicit learning to acquiring new mental skills.
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  40.  25
    Citizen Science and Post-Normal Science in a Post-Truth Era: Democratising Knowledge; Socialising Responsibility.Michael A. Peters & Tina Besley - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (13):1293-1303.
    Volume 51, Issue 13, December 2019, Page 1293-1303.
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  41. The Justification of Deduction.Michael A. E. Dummett - 1974 - In Michael Dummett (ed.), Truth and Other Enigmas. Oxford University Press.
  42.  36
    Catholic Social Teaching and the Employment Relationship: A Model for Managing Human Resources in Accordance with Vatican Doctrine.Michael A. Zigarelli - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):75-82.
    Using relevant encyclicals issued over the last 100 years, the author extracts those principles that constitute the underpinnings of Catholic Social Teaching about the employment relationship and contemplates implications of their incorporation into human resource policy. Respect for worker dignity, for his or her family's economic security, and for the common good of society clearly emerge as the primary guidelines for responsible human resource management. Dovetailing these three Church mandates with the economic objectives of the firm could, in essence, alter (...)
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  43.  25
    The Chinese Dream: Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.Michael A. Peters - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (14):1299-1304.
  44.  12
    Knowledge Socialism: The Rise of Peer Production - Collegiality, Collaboration, and Collective Intelligence.Michael A. Peters - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (1):1-9.
    The terms ‘knowledge economy’ and ‘knowledge capitalism’ have been used with increasing frequency since the 1990s as a way of describing the latest phase of capitalism in in the process of global r...
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  45.  11
    Viral Modernity? Epidemics, Infodemics, and the ‘Bioinformational’ Paradigm.Michael A. Peters, Petar Jandrić & Peter McLaren - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-23.
    Viral modernity is a concept based upon the nature of viruses, the ancient and critical role they play in evolution and culture, and the basic application to understanding the role of information a...
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  46.  26
    Ensemble Perception, Summary Statistics, and Perceptual Awareness: A Response.Michael A. Cohen, Daniel C. Dennett & Nancy Kanwisher - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (9):643-644.
  47.  22
    Anti-Intellectualism is a Virus.Michael A. Peters - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (4):357-363.
  48.  17
    The Enthymeme Buster: A Heuristic Procedure for Position Exploration in Dialogic Dispute.Michael A. Gilbert - 1991 - Informal Logic 13 (3).
    Positions in dialogic dispute are presented enthymematically. It is important to explore the position the disputant holds. A model is offered which relies on the presentation of a counter-example to an inferred missing premiss. The example may be: [A+J embraced as falling under the rule; [A-] rejected as basically changing the position; or, [R] rejected as changing the proffered missing premiss. In each case the offered model indicates the next appropriate action. The focus of the model is on uncovering the (...)
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  49. Why Thought Experiments Are Not Arguments.Michael A. Bishop - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (4):534-541.
    Are thought experiments nothing but arguments? I argue that it is not possible to make sense of the historical trajectory of certain thought experiments if one takes them to be arguments. Einstein and Bohr disagreed about the outcome of the clock-in-the-box thought experiment, and so they reconstructed it using different arguments. This is to be expected whenever scientists disagree about a thought experiment's outcome. Since any such episode consists of two arguments but just one thought experiment, the thought experiment cannot (...)
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  50.  36
    Derrida, Deconstruction, and the Politics of Pedagogy.Michael A. Peters - 2009 - Peter Lang.
    With an up-to-date synopsis, review, and critique of his writings, this book demonstrates Derrida's almost singular power to reconceptualize and reimagine the ...
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