Results for 'Michael Anthony Beaney'

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  1.  75
    What is Analytic Philosophy? Recent Work on the History of Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (3):463 – 472.
    Ray Monk and Anthony Palmer, (eds) Bertrand Russell and the Origins of Analytical Philosophy, Thoemmes Press, Bristol, 1996; pp. xvi + 383; Hans-Johann Glock, (ed.) The Rise of Analytic Philosophy, Blackwell, 1997; pp. xiv + 95; Matthias Schirn, (ed.) Frege: Importance and Legacy, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1996; pp. x + 466; Stuart G. Shanker, (ed.) Philosophy of Science, Logic and Mathematics in the Twentieth Century, Routledge History of Philosophy Volume IX, Routledge, 1996; pp. xxxviii + 461; John Blackmore, (...)
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  2. Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399-420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  3. An Empirical Basis for Psychological Egoism.Michael Anthony Slote - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (18):530-537.
    In the present paper I wish to argue that psychological egoism may well have a basis in the empirical facts of human psychology. Certain contemporary learning theorists, e.g., Hull and Skinner, have put forward behavioristic theories of the origin and functioning of human motives which posit a certain number of basically "selfish, " unlearned primary drives or motives (like hunger, thirst, sleep, elimination, and sex), explain all other, higher-order, drives or motives as derived genetically from the primary ones via certain (...)
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  4. On the Possibility of Exactly Similar Tropes.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Abstracta 6 (2):158-177.
    In this paper I attempt to show, against certain versions of trope theory, that properties with analyzable particularity cannot be merely exactly similar: such properties are either particularized properties (tropes) that are dissimilar to every any other trope, or else universalized properties (universals). I argue that each of the most viable standard and nonstandard particularizers that can be employed to secure the numerical difference between exactly similar properties can only succeed in grounding the particularity of properties, that is, in having (...)
     
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  5.  70
    The Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (8):211-224.
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  6.  34
    Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson's Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan Jr - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399 - 420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson's Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  7.  57
    Some Thoughts on Goodman's Riddle.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Analysis 27 (4):128 - 132.
  8.  25
    Value Judgments and the Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (4):94-112.
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  9.  18
    Empirical Certainty and the Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):21 – 37.
    Philosophers frequently treat certainty as some sort of absolute, while ordinary men typically do not. According to the Theory of Important Criteria, on which the present paper is based, this difference is not to be explained in terms of ambiguity or vagueness in the word?certain?, but rather in terms of disagreement between ordinary men and philosophers as to the importance of one of the criteria of the ordinary sense of?certain?. I argue that there is reason to think that certainty is (...)
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  10.  4
    Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett: A Biographical Sketch.Daniel Isaacson - 2017 - In Michael Frauchiger (ed.), Truth, Meaning, Justification, and Reality: Themes From Dummett. De Gruyter. pp. 1-12.
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  11. Análisis Nominalista de Una Entidad Que Está Siendo Caracterizada / “Nominalist Analyses of an Entity Being Charactered.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2013 - Discusiones Filosóficas 13 (21):87-93.
    This paper is intended primarily as a reference tool for participants in the debate between realism and nominalism concerning universals. It provides an exhaustive catalogue of the basic analyses of an entity being charactered that nominalists can employ in both a constituent and nonconstituent ontology.
     
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  12. A Small Aid for Kooser Research.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2012 - Midwestern Miscellany 40 (Fall):54-77.
    EXCERPT.--With exception to early essays by George von Glahn and Mark Sanders, serious critical scholarship on the writings of Ted Kooser began after the 1980 release of the now-classic Sure Signs, Kooser’s fifth major collection of poems. Looking back over the thirty-plus years since then, only about a dozen or so significant studies—none of which book-length—currently boulder out against the relative flatscape of secondary materials constituted mostly by quick and dirty reviews. Aside from the essays by Wes Mantooth, Allan Benn, (...)
     
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  13. Es la Respuesta de Aristóteles Al Argumento de Fatalismo En De Interpretatione 9 Exitosa?” / “Is Aristotle’s Response to the Argument for Fatalism in De Interpretatione 9 Successful?Michael Anthony Istvan - 2014 - Ideas Y Valores 63 (154).
    My aim is to figure out whether Aristotle’s response to the argument for fatalism in De Interpretatione 9 is successful. By “response” here I mean not simply the reasons he offers to highlight why fatalism does not accord with how we conduct our lives, but also the solution he devises to block the argument he provides for it. Achieving my aim hence demands that I figure out what exactly is the argument for fatalism he voices, what exactly is his solution, (...)
     
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  14.  58
    Gould Talking Past Dawkins on the Unit of Selection Issue.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):327-335.
    My general aim is to clarify the foundational difference between Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Dawkins concerning what biological entities are the units of selection in the process of evolution by natural selection. First, I recapitulate Gould’s central objection to Dawkins’s view that genes are the exclusive units of selection. According to Gould, it is absurd for Dawkins to think that genes are the exclusive units of selection when, after all, genes are not the exclusive interactors: those agents directly engaged (...)
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  15.  7
    In Homage to Descartes and Spinoza: A Cosmo‐Ontological Case for God.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2021 - Philosophical Forum 52 (1):41-64.
    Integrating cosmological and ontological lines of reasoning, I argue that there is a self-necessary being that (a) serves as the sufficient condition for everything, that (b) has the most perfect collection of whatever attributes of perfection there might be, and that (c) is an independent, eternal, unique, simple, indivisible, immutable, all-actual, all-free, all-present, all-powerful, all-knowing, all-good, personal creator of every expression of itself that everything is. My cosmo-ontological case for such a being, an everything-maker with the core features ascribed to (...)
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  16.  65
    The Link Between Berkeley’s Refutation of Abstraction and His Refutation of Materialism.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Methodus 6:78-105.
    This paper engages the controversy as to whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of abstraction and his refutation of materialism. I argue that there is a strong link. In the opening paragraph I show that materialism being true requires and is required by the possibility of abstraction, and that the obviousness of this fact suggests that the real controversy is whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of materialism and his refutation of the possibility of framing abstract (...)
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  17. Sir Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett, 1925-2011.R. G. Heck - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (1):1-8.
    A remembrance of Dummett's work on philosophy of mathematcis.
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  18. The Frege Reader.Gottlob Frege & Michael Beaney (eds.) - 1997 - Blackwell.
    This is the first single-volume edition and translation of Frege's philosophical writings to include his seminal papers as well as substantial selections from ...
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  19.  10
    Michael Anthony Hoskin, The Herschel Partnership as Viewed by Caroline. Michael Anthony Hoskin (Ed.), Caroline Herschel's Autobiographies. [REVIEW]Jean Eisenstaedt - 2006 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 59 (2):357-358.
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  20.  1
    Analysis.Michael Beaney - 2017 - Routledge.
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  21.  38
    Induction and Other Minds.Michael Anthony Slote - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):341-60.
    In "Induction and Other Minds," Plantinga casts the Argument from Analogy in the form of an inductive argument in the following way.
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  22. Some thoughts on Goodman's riddle.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Analysis 27 (4):128.
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  23.  23
    Frege: Making Sense.Michael Beaney - 1996 - London: Duckworth.
    In this investigation into Frege's philosophical views as a whole, the central focus is on his notion of sense, the conception that has proved most influential in the development of analytical philosophy, and around which the main problems of interpretation revolve.
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  24.  76
    Analysis.Michael Beaney - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Analysis has always been at the heart of philosophical method, but it has been understood and practised in many different ways. Perhaps, in its broadest sense, it might be defined as a process of isolating or working back to what is more fundamental by means of which something, initially taken as given, can be explained or reconstructed. The explanation or reconstruction is often then exhibited in a corresponding process of synthesis. This allows great variation in specific method, however. The aim (...)
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  25. Complexity and Extended Phenomenological‐Cognitive Systems.Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):35-50.
    The complex systems approach to cognitive science invites a new understanding of extended cognitive systems. According to this understanding, extended cognitive systems are heterogenous, composed of brain, body, and niche, non-linearly coupled to one another. This view of cognitive systems, as non-linearly coupled brain–body–niche systems, promises conceptual and methodological advances. In this article we focus on two of these. First, the fundamental interdependence among brain, body, and niche makes it possible to explain extended cognition without invoking representations or computation. Second, (...)
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  26.  79
    Constraints on Localization and Decomposition as Explanatory Strategies in the Biological Sciences.Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):958-970.
    Several articles have recently appeared arguing that there really are no viable alternatives to mechanistic explanation in the biological sciences (Kaplan and Bechtel; Kaplan and Craver). We argue that mechanistic explanation is defined by localization and decomposition. We argue further that systems neuroscience contains explanations that violate both localization and decomposition. We conclude that the mechanistic model of explanation needs to either stretch to now include explanations wherein localization or decomposition fail or acknowledge that there are counterexamples to mechanistic explanation (...)
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  27. Eroding the Boundaries of Cognition: Implications of Embodiment1.Michael L. Anderson, Michael J. Richardson & Anthony Chemero - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):717-730.
    To accept that cognition is embodied is to question many of the beliefs traditionally held by cognitive scientists. One key question regards the localization of cognitive faculties. Here we argue that for cognition to be embodied and sometimes embedded, means that the cognitive faculty cannot be localized in a brain area alone. We review recent research on neural reuse, the 1/f structure of human activity, tool use, group cognition, and social coordination dynamics that we believe demonstrates how the boundary between (...)
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  28.  4
    The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    The main stream of academic philosophy, in Anglophone countries and increasingly worldwide, is identified by the name 'analytic'. The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.
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  29.  21
    Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry.Michael Ignatieff, Kwame Anthony Appiah, David A. Hollinger, Thomas W. Laqueur & Diane F. Orentlicher - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    "These essays make a splendid book. Ignatieff's lectures are engaging and vigorous; they also combine some rather striking ideas with savvy perceptions about actual domestic and international politics.
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  30.  25
    The Historiography of Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 30.
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  31.  26
    Soames on Philosophical Analysis.Michael Beaney - 2006 - Philosophical Books 47 (3):255-271.
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  32.  77
    The Analytic Turn: Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology.Michael Beaney (ed.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    This collection, with contributions from leading philosophers, places analytic philosophy in a broader context comparing it with the methodology of its most important rival tradition in twentieth-century philosophy--phenomenology, whose development parallels the development of analytic philosophy in many ways. _The Analytic Turn _will be of great interest to historians of philosophy generally, analytic philosophers, and phenomenologists.
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  33.  8
    The Sense of Reference. [REVIEW]Michael Beaney - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):160-163.
  34.  48
    Two Dogmas of Analytic Historiography.Michael Beaney - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (3):594-614.
    Starting from an analogy with Quine’s two dogmas of empiricism, I offer a critique of two dogmas of analytic historiography: the belief in a cleavage between the justification of a ph...
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  35.  32
    Twenty-Five Years of the British Journal for the History of Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (1):1-10.
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  36.  13
    Chronology (H? Analytki Philosophymandits Lhstoriography.Michael Beaney - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 61.
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  37.  73
    Soames on Frege: Provoking Thoughts. [REVIEW]Michael Beaney - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (6):1651-1660.
    In this symposium contribution I critically review the first two chapters, on Frege, in Volume 1 of The Analytic Tradition in Philosophy by Scott Soames.
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  38. Historiography, Philosophy of History and the Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (2):211-234.
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 This article has three main interconnected aims. First, I illustrate the historiographical conceptions of three early analytic philosophers: Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein. Second, I consider some of the historiographical debates that have been generated by the recent historical turn in analytic philosophy, looking at the work of Scott Soames and Hans-Johann Glock, in particular. Third, I discuss Arthur Danto’s _Analytic Philosophy of History_, published 50 years ago, and argue for a reinvigorated analytic philosophy of history.
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  39. Frege’s Use of Function-Argument Analysis and His Introduction of Truth-Values as Objects.Michael Beaney - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 75 (1):93-123.
  40.  7
    Under What Conditions Does Theory Obstruct Research Progress?Anthony G. Greenwald, Anthony R. Pratkanis, Michael R. Leippe & Michael H. Baumgardner - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (2):216-229.
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  41.  3
    Gottlob Frege: Frege's Philosophy of Thought and Language.Michael Beaney & Erich H. Reck (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    Gottlob Frege taught at the University of Jena for thirty years, and was scarcely known outside a small circle of professional mathematicians and philosophers. However, later in the twentieth century he came to be recognized as someone who, in demonstrating the affinity of logic with mathematics, laid the foundations for modern philosophy of language and modern logic. Frege regarded logic as the foundation for philosophy. In doing so, he instigated a radical change in the stance of the majority of Western (...)
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  42.  10
    Michael Beaney , The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. [REVIEW]Anssi Korhonen - 2015 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 3 (3).
    Michael Beaney The Oxford Handbook of the History of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. 1161 pp. ISBN: 978–0–19–923884–2.
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  43. Gibsonian Affordances for Roboticists.Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - unknown
    Using hypersets as an analytic tool, we compare traditionally Gibsonian (Chemero 2003; Turvey 1992) and representationalist (Sahin et al. this issue) understandings of the notion ‘affordance’. We show that representationalist understandings are incompatible with direct perception and erect barriers between animal and environment. They are, therefore, scarcely recognizable as understandings of ‘affordance’. In contrast, Gibsonian understandings are shown to treat animal-environment systems as unified complex systems and to be compatible with direct perception. We discuss the fruitful connections between Gibsonian affordances (...)
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  44. 1 The Analytic Turn in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 2007 - In Micahel Beaney (ed.), The Analytic Turn. Routledge. pp. 1.
    Ever since I abandoned the philosophy of Kant and Hegel, I have sought solutions of philosophical problems by means of analysis, and I remain firmly persuaded, in spite of some modern tendencies to the contrary, that only by analysing is progress possible. (Russell, My Philosophical Development, ch. 1).
     
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  45.  83
    Historiography, Philosophy of History and the Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
    _ Source: _Page Count 24 This article has three main interconnected aims. First, I illustrate the historiographical conceptions of three early analytic philosophers: Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein. Second, I consider some of the historiographical debates that have been generated by the recent historical turn in analytic philosophy, looking at the work of Scott Soames and Hans-Johann Glock, in particular. Third, I discuss Arthur Danto’s _Analytic Philosophy of History_, published 50 years ago, and argue for a reinvigorated analytic philosophy of history.
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  46.  53
    The Analytic Revolution.Michael Beaney - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 78:227-249.
    Analytic philosophy, as we recognize it today, has its origins in the work of Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell around the turn of the twentieth century. Both were trained as mathematicians and became interested in the foundations of mathematics. In seeking to demonstrate that arithmetic could be derived from logic, they revolutionized logical theory and in the process developed powerful new forms of logical analysis, which they employed in seeking to resolve certain traditional philosophical problems. There were important differences in (...)
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  47. Consciousness: Mapping the Theoretical Landscape.Anthony P. Atkinson, Michael S. C. Thomas & Axel Cleeremans - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):372-382.
    What makes us conscious? Many theories that attempt to answer this question have appeared recently in the context of widespread interest about consciousness in the cognitive neurosciences. Most of these proposals are formulated in terms of the information processing conducted by the brain. In this overview, we survey and contrast these models. We first delineate several notions of consciousness, addressing what it is that the various models are attempting to explain. Next, we describe a conceptual landscape that addresses how the (...)
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  48.  10
    4 Russell and Frege.Michael Beaney - 2003 - In Nicholas Griffin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell. Cambridge University Press. pp. 128.
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  49.  49
    Collingwoods Conception of Presuppositional Analysis.Michael Beaney - 2005 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 11 (2):41-114.
    We are not dealing with an event in the history of logic. We are dealing with the ravages of a disease that is attacking the European intellect. If the thoughts of a diseased intellect prove to be paradoxes, there is nothing paradoxical in that. [R. G. Collingwood, An Essay on Metaphysics,p.281].
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  50. Conceptions of Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - 2000 - Acta Analytica 15:97-115.
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