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Michael B. Burke
Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis
  1. Preserving the Principle of One Object to a Place: A Novel Account of the Relations Among Objects, Sorts, Sortals, and Persistence Conditions.Michael B. Burke - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (3):591-624.
    This article offers a novel, conservative account of material constitution, one that incorporates sortal essentialism and features a theory of dominant sortals. It avoids coinciding objects, temporal parts, relativizations of identity, mereological essentialism, anti-essentialism, denials of the reality of the objects of our ordinary ontology, and other departures from the metaphysic implicit in ordinary ways of thinking. Defenses of the account against important objections are found in Burke 1997, 2003, and 2004, as well as in the often neglected six paragraphs (...)
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  2. Copper Statues and Pieces of Copper: A Challenge to the Standard Account.Michael B. Burke - 1992 - Analysis 52 (1):12 - 17.
    On the most popular account of material constitution, it is common for a material object to coincide precisely with one or more other material objects, ones that are composed of just the same matter but differ from it in sort. I argue that there is nothing that could ground the alleged difference in sort and that the account must be rejected.
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  3. Dion and Theon: An Essentialist Solution to an Ancient Puzzle.Michael B. Burke - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):129-139.
    Dion is a full-bodied man. Theon is that part of him which consists of all of him except his left foot. What becomes of Dion and Theon when Dion’s left foot is amputated? Employing the doctrine of sortal essentialism, I defend a surprising answer last defended by Chrysippus: that Dion survives while the seemingly unscathed Theon perishes. For replies to critics, see my publications of 1997 and (especially) 2004.
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  4. Empathy at the Confluence of Neuroscience and Empirical Literary Studies.Michael Burke, Anezka Kuzmicova, Anne Mangen & Theresa Schilhab - 2016 - Scientific Study of Literature 6 (1):6-41.
    The objective of this article is to review extant empirical studies of empathy in narrative reading in light of (i) contemporary literary theory, and (ii) neuroscientific studies of empathy, and to discuss how a closer interplay between neuroscience and literary studies may enhance our understanding of empathy in narrative reading. An introduction to some of the philosophical roots of empathy is followed by tracing its application in contemporary literary theory, in which scholars have pursued empathy with varying degrees of conceptual (...)
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  5.  94
    M-Reading: Fiction Reading From Mobile Phones.Anezka Kuzmicova, Theresa Schilhab & Michael Burke - 2018 - Convergence: The International Journal of Research Into New Media Technology:1–17.
    Mobile phones are reportedly the most rapidly expanding e-reading device worldwide. However, the embodied, cognitive and affective implications of smartphone-supported fiction reading for leisure (m-reading) have yet to be investigated empirically. Revisiting the theoretical work of digitization scholar Anne Mangen, we argue that the digital reading experience is not only contingent on patterns of embodied reader–device interaction (Mangen, 2008 and later) but also embedded in the immediate environment and broader situational context. We call this the situation constraint. Its application to (...)
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  6. Is My Head a Person?Michael B. Burke - 2003 - In K. Petrus (ed.), On Human Persons. Heusenstamm Nr Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag. pp. 107-125.
    It is hard to see why the head and other brain-containing parts of a person are not themselves persons, or at least thinking, conscious beings. Some theorists have sought to reconcile us to the existence of thinking person-parts. Others have sought ways to avoid them, but have relied on radical theories at odds with the metaphysic implicit in ordinary ways of thinking. This paper offers a novel, conservative solution, one on which the heads and other brain-containing parts of persons do (...)
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  7.  10
    Drugs in Sport: Have They Practiced Too Hard? A Response to Schneider and Butcher.Michael D. Burke - 1997 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 24 (1):47-66.
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  8. Dion, Theon, and the Many-Thinkers Problem.Michael B. Burke - 2004 - Analysis 64 (3):242–250.
    Dion is a full-bodied man. Theon is that part of him which consists of all of him except his left foot. What becomes of Dion and Theon when Dion’s left foot is amputated? In Burke 1994, employing the doctrine of sortal essentialism, I defended a surprising position last defended by Chrysippus: that Dion survives while the seemingly unscathed Theon perishes. This paper defends that position against objections by Stone, Carter, Olson, and others. Most notably, it offers a novel, conservative solution (...)
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  9.  20
    A Feminist Reconstruction of Liberal Rights and Sport.Michael Burke - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (1):11-28.
  10. Coinciding Objects: Reply to Lowe and Denkel.Michael B. Burke - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):11–18.
  11.  16
    Drugs in Sport: An Issue of Morality or Sentimentality?Michael D. Burke & Terence J. Roberts - 1997 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 24 (1):99-113.
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  12. The Staccato Run: A Contemporary Issue in the Zenonian Tradition.Michael Burke - 2000 - Modern Schoolman 78 (1):1-8.
    The “staccato run,” in which a runner stops infinitely often while running from one point to another, is a prototypical “superfeat,” that is, a feat involving the completion in a finite time of an infinite sequence of distinct acts. There is no widely accepted demonstration that superfeats are impossible logically, but I argue here, contra Grunbaüm, that they are impossible dynamically. Specifically, I show that the staccato run is excluded by Newton’s three laws of motion, when those laws are supplemented (...)
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  13.  10
    Raoul Moati, Levinas and the Night of Being: A Guide to Totality and Infinity. Trans. Daniel Wyche. Reviewed By.Michael Joseph Burke - 2019 - Philosophy in Review 39 (1):38-40.
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  14.  95
    Cohabitation, Stuff and Intermittent Existence.Michael B. Burke - 1980 - Mind 89 (355):391-405.
    I aim to show that there are cases in which an ordinary material object exists intermittently. Afterwards there are a few words about the consequences of acknowledging such cases, but what is of more interest is the route by which the conclusion is reached. When deciding among competing descriptions of the cases considered, I have tried to reduce to a minimum the role of intuitive judgment, and I have based several arguments on "metaphysical principles," two of which I have defended.
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  15.  15
    Unstated Premises.Michael B. Burke - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
  16.  86
    Tibbles the Cat: A Modern Sophisma.Michael B. Burke - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 84 (1):63 - 74.
    In this paper, I offer a novel, conservative solution to the puzzle of Tibbles the cat. I do not criticize the existing solutions or the theories within which they are embedded. I am content to offer an alternative, one that relies on the recently resurgent doctrine of Aristotelian essentialism. My solution, unlike some of its competitors, is applicable to the full range of cases in which, as with Tib and Tibbles, there is the threat of coinciding objects. In section 1, (...)
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  17.  45
    Persons and Bodies: How to Avoid the New Dualism.Michael B. Burke - 1997 - American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):457 - 467.
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  18.  38
    Denying the Antecedent: A Common Fallacy?Michael B. Burke - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (1).
    An argumentative passage that might appear to be an instance of denying the antecedent will generally admit of an alternative interpretation, one on which the conditional contained by the passage is a preface to the argument rather than a premise of it. On this interpretation. which generally is a more charitable one, the conditional plays a certain dialectical role and, in some cases, a rhetorical role as well. Assuming only a very weak principle of exigetical charity, I consider what it (...)
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  19. Sport, Tradition and Freedom.Michael Burke - unknown
    "Sport, Tradition and Freedom" entails a philosophical examination of the relationship between traditions of rationality and understandings of freedom in sport. Chapter One introduces the ideas of freedom and virtue. Chapter Two involves a critical and historical exploration of the traditions of conservatism, liberalism and Marxism and the effects that these traditions have had on accounts of freedom in sport. Chapter Three examines the issue of freedom in sport from a social critical-formalist perspective, particularly addressing the influence that the process (...)
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  20. Hume and Edwards on 'Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?'.Michael B. Burke - 1984 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):355–362.
    Suppose that five minutes ago, to our astonishment, a healthy duck suddenly popped into existence on the table in front of us. Suppose further that there was no first time at which the duck existed but rather a last time, T, at which it had yet to exist. Then for each time t at which the duck has existed, there is an explanation of why the duck existed at t: there was a time t’ earlier than t but later than (...)
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  21.  8
    The Neuroaesthetics of Prose Fiction: Pitfalls, Parameters and Prospects.Michael Burke - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22.  16
    Women’s Standpoints and Internalism in Sport.Michael Burke - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):39-52.
    David Fairchild explains that sport is an evocative symbolic system that demonstrates the apparently ‘natural’ division of humans into two separate and dichotomous genders, and also demonstrates the apparently ‘genetically based’ hierarchy between the genders in terms of sporting results. Additionally, this hierarchy of performance translates into a hierarchy of authority, such that men occupy the most powerful positions in coaching, administration and the sports media. The initial section of this paper will follow on from Fairchild to suggest some changes (...)
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  23.  22
    Drugs, Sport, Anxiety and Foucauldian Governmentality.Michael Burke & Christopher Hallinan - 2008 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 2 (1):39 – 55.
    This paper1 uses concepts of anxiety and Foucauldian governmentality to investigate the ways that the discourses supporting the ban on performance-enhancing drugs in sport have been manipulated and broadened to treat this issue as a public policy and health issue rather than an example of rule violation in sport. Some effects of this expansion include the broadening of drug testing to include testing for recreational drugs, the intrusion of both central governments and scientific experts into the issue and the curtailment (...)
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  24.  12
    Obeying Until It Hurts: Coach-Athlete Relationships.Michael Burke - 2001 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 28 (2):227-240.
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  25. Literary Reading.Michael Burke - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion: An Exploration of the Oceanic Mind/Michael Burke.− Ny: Routledge.
     
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  26.  44
    What Would Happen If a ‘Woman’ Outpaced the Winner of the Gold Medal in the ‘Men’s’ One Hundred Meters? Female Sport, Drugs and the Transgressive Cyborg Body.Michael Burke - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):35-43.
    The separation of men’s and women’s competitions in the sporting world has been suggested as a necessary protection for female athletes against the superior athletic performances of male athletes. The comparison of the most elite performers in these two categories maintains the historical pattern of viewing male sport and the male athlete as the standard, and female sport and the female athlete as the inferior ‘other’. This paper argues for a transformative utilization of the separation of men’s and women’s sports (...)
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  27.  49
    Sortal Essentialism and the Potentiality Principle.Michael B. Burke - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):491 - 514.
    The positive support for PP consists mainly of two arguments, each open to challenge. One is that PP accords with common-sense morality in assigning a right to life to normal human infants. The other, an argument which requires considerable elucidation, is that since life as a person is something of great value, potential persons have a strong interest in realizing their potential and, in consequence, a strong right to realize it.
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  28.  70
    Spatial Analogues of 'Annihilation and Re-Creation'.Michael B. Burke - 1985 - Analysis 45 (1):24 - 29.
  29. Benardete's Paradox.Michael B. Burke - 1999 - Sorites 11:82-85.
    Graham Priest has focused attention on an intriguing but neglected paradox posed by José Benardete in 1964. Benardete viewed the paradox as a threat to the intelligibility of the spatial and temporal continua and offered several different versions of it. Priest has selected one of those versions and formalized it. Although Priest has succeeded nicely in sharpening the paradox, the version he chose to formalize has distracting and potentially problematic features that are absent from some of Benardete's other versions. I (...)
     
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  30.  57
    Essentialism and the Identity of Indiscernables.Michael B. Burke - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:223-243.
    The paper formulates and defends a version of the Identity of Indiscernibles and demonstrates that it entails a non-trivial version of the doctrine of essentialism.
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  31.  8
    Response to Dixon and Davis: Answering Realists With Antiepistemological Pragmatism.Michael Burke - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (1):78-99.
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  32.  34
    The Impossibility of Superfeats.Michael B. Burke - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):207-220.
    Is it logically possible to perform a "superfeat"? That is, is it logically possible to complete, in a finite time, an infinite sequence of distinct acts? In opposition to the received view, I argue that all physical superfeats have kinematic features that make them logically impossible.
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  33.  6
    Drug Taking, Bodybuilding and Sporting Women: Utilising “Otherness” for Feminist Purposes.Michael Burke - 2001 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 9 (3/4):49-80.
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  34.  12
    Drug Taking, Bodybuilding and Sporting Women.Michael Burke - 2001 - Professional Ethics 9 (3/4):49-80.
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  35.  4
    Can Sport Cope With a “Wimpy Virus”'s Using Questions Not Asked in HIV and Sport Discourses to Resist Discrimination.Michael Burke - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (1):54-65.
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  36.  37
    The Infinitistic Thesis.Michael B. Burke - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):295-305.
  37.  54
    Theodicy with a God of Limited Power: A Reply to McGrath.Michael B. Burke - 1986 - Analysis 47 (1):57 - 58.
  38. Identity and Origin.Michael B. Burke - 1983 - Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 18 (41):59.
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  39.  33
    Electronic Media Review.Michael B. Burke - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 29 (3):255-260.
    Logic and Proofs, developed at Carnegie Mellon, is the only instructional program that can support a computer-taught course (not just a computer-assisted course) in modern symbolic logic. I describe and assess the program. Then, drawing on my twenty years of experience, initially with Patrick Suppes’ Valid (no longer available), recently with Logic and Proofs, I discuss the very substantial benefits, as well as the challenges, when offering symbolic logic via a computer-taught course.
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  40.  29
    Philosophy of Sport.Michael Burke & Dennis Hemphill - 2010 - In .
    While philosophy of sport clings for life, sport in Austalasia has undergone a significant transformation since the early 1990s. Sport is now considered 'more than a game'. That is, elite, high-performance sport is now big business that is also perceived as a powerful instrument for the expression of national identity and pride. This has resulted in a growing scientific and manaagement focus in university level sport, exercise and physcial education related courses (McKay et al. 1990). This reflects a similar trend (...)
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  41.  3
    Essentialism and the Identity of Indiscernables.Michael R. Burke - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:223-243.
    The paper formulates and defends a version of the Identity of Indiscernibles and demonstrates that it entails a non-trivial version of the doctrine of essentialism.
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  42.  22
    The Changing Nature of Imperialism: The US as Author of the Asian Crisis of 1997.Michael Burke - 2001 - Historical Materialism 8 (1):49-88.
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  43.  15
    Anti-Doping Policies and the Gay Games; Morgan’s Treatment–Enhancement Distinction in Action.Michael D. Burke & Caroline Symons - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):267-280.
    The anti-doping policy of the Gay Games offers an interesting exemplification of the treatment–enhancement distinction. Some Gay Games athletes require steroids to deal with the effects of HIV or for sexual reassignment, and the practice community had to negotiate coordinating conventions with regard to steroid use that remained committed to the deeper conventions of Gay Games sport. This paper will investigate the way that this policy emanated from the type of participatory social practice community that would be necessary for any (...)
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  44.  26
    Race and the Modern Philosophy Course.Michael Burke - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (1):21-34.
  45.  8
    Electronic Media Review: Logic and Proofs. [REVIEW]Michael B. Burke - 2006 - Teaching Philosophy 29 (3):255-260.
    Logic and Proofs, developed at Carnegie Mellon, is the only instructional program that can support a computer-taught course in modern symbolic logic. First I provide a description and an assessment of the program. Then, drawing on my twenty years of experience, initially with Patrick Suppes’ Valid, recently with Logic and Proofs, I discuss the benefits and challenges, both sizable, when offering symbolic logic via a computer-taught course.
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  46.  8
    Hume and Edwards on ‘Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?’.Michael B. Burke - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 3:241-245.
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  47.  9
    Clásicos Españoles de la Anatomía Patológica Anteriores a Cajal. José María López Piñero, Francesc Biyosa, Mariá-Luz Terrada.Michael Burke - 1981 - Isis 72 (3):518-518.
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  48.  8
    Clásicos Españoles de la Anatomía Patológica Anteriores a Cajal by José María López Piñero; Francesc Biyosa; Mariá-Luz Terrada. [REVIEW]Michael Burke - 1981 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 72:518-518.
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  49.  9
    Beware of Greeks Bearing Gifts: A Foucauldian Response to Holowchak.Michael Burke - 2004 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 31 (2):226-244.
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  50.  17
    NABER on Embryo Splitting.Michael B. Burke - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2):210-211.
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