Results for 'Michael Busse'

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  1. Minimum Propositional Proof Length is NP-Hard to Linearly Approximate.Michael Alekhnovich, Sam Buss, Shlomo Moran & Toniann Pitassi - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (1):171-191.
    We prove that the problem of determining the minimum propositional proof length is NP- hard to approximate within a factor of 2 log 1 - o(1) n . These results are very robust in that they hold for almost all natural proof systems, including: Frege systems, extended Frege systems, resolution, Horn resolution, the polynomial calculus, the sequent calculus, the cut-free sequent calculus, as well as the polynomial calculus. Our hardness of approximation results usually apply to proof length measured either by (...)
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  2.  13
    Review: Michael Rathjen, Samuel R. Buss, Petr Hájek, Pavel Pudlák, The Superjump in Martin-Löf Type Theory. [REVIEW]Michael Möllerfeld - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):538-538.
  3.  28
    Michael Rathjen. The Superjump in Martin-Löf Type Theory. Logic Colloquium '98, Proceedings of the Annual European Summer Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, Held in Prague, Czech Republic, August 9–15, 1998, Edited by Samuel R. Buss, Petr Hájek, and Pavel Pudlák, Lecture Notes in Logic, No. 13, Association for Symbolic Logic, Urbana, and A K Peters, Natick, Mass., 2000, Pp. 363–386. [REVIEW]Michael Möllerfeld - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):538.
  4.  14
    Die Busse: Quellen Zur Entstehung des Altkirchlichen Bussewesens.Michael Bertram Crowe - 1971 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 20:366-367.
    This volume is the first of a new series, ‘Traditio Christiana, Texts and Commentary on Patristic Theology’. The aim is to print the outstanding patristic texts, in their original Latin or Greek, on a given topic and to accompany them with translation and commentary. The specialist and the layman are thus put in a position of having direct contact with the sources of Church teaching. The aim is ecumenical, too; for here is common ground between the various confessions.
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  5.  1
    Die Busse.Michael Bertram Crowe - 1971 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 20:366-367.
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  6.  7
    Die Busse: Quellen Zur Entstehung des Altkirchlichen Bussewesens. [REVIEW]Michael Bertram Crowe - 1971 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 20:366-367.
    This volume is the first of a new series, ‘Traditio Christiana, Texts and Commentary on Patristic Theology’. The aim is to print the outstanding patristic texts, in their original Latin or Greek, on a given topic and to accompany them with translation and commentary. The specialist and the layman are thus put in a position of having direct contact with the sources of Church teaching. The aim is ecumenical, too; for here is common ground between the various confessions.
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  7.  17
    Review: Michael Alekhnovich, Sam Buss, Shlomo Moran, Toniann Pitassi, Minimum Propositional Proof Length Is NP-Hard to Linearly Approximate. [REVIEW]Alexander Razborov - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):301-302.
  8.  24
    Michael Alekhnovich, Sam Buss, Shlomo Moran, and Toniann Pitassi. Minimum Propositional Proof Length is NP-Hard to Linearly Approximate. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 66 , Pp. 171–191. [REVIEW]Alexander Razborov - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):301-302.
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  9.  19
    Ewald Hering und die Gegenfarbtheorie.Michael Busse & Änne Bäumer-Schleinkofer - 1996 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 4 (1):159-172.
    Ewald Hering's color-opponent-theory is still considered one of the foundations of the visual sciences. Prior to Hering, Hermann v. Helmholtz introduced a theory of color appearance, which was based primarily on the physical aspects of the stimulus. In contrast to Helmholtz, Hering's theory strongly emphasized the subject's perception of color. As a consequence, Hering considered Helmholtz' theory inadequate. Contrary to some historical accounts, he did not object to Helmholtz's three-receptor explanation for color-mixture. Instead of Helmholtz' fundamental colors red, green, and (...)
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  10.  2
    Review of Page, Busse & Nørgaard (2019): Rethinking Language, Text and Context: Interdisciplinary Research in Stylistics in Honour of Michael Toolan. [REVIEW]Huayong Li - 2021 - Pragmatics and Society 12 (4):701-705.
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  11.  43
    From Belief to Unbelief and Back to Belief: A Response to Michael Ruse.Richard P. Busse - 1994 - Zygon 29 (1):55-65.
  12.  2
    Do Private German Health Insurers Invest Their Capital Reserves of €353 Billion According to Environmental, Social and Governance Criteria?Frederick Schneider, Julia Gogolewska, Klaus-Michael Ahrend, Gerrit Hohendorf, Gerhard Schneider, Reinhard Busse & Christian M. Schulz - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):48-48.
    Background To prevent the planet from catastrophic global warming a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to net zero is required. Thus, divestment from fossil fuels must be a strategic interest for health insurers. The aim of this study was to analyse the implementation of environmental, social and governance criteria in German private health insurers’ investments. Methods In 2019 a survey about ESG strategies was sent to German private health insurance companies. The survey evaluated investment strategies and thresholds for the exclusion (...)
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  13. Books for Review and for Listing Here Should Be Addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Gareth B. Matthews New, Andrew R. Bailey, Sarah Buss, Steven M. Cahn, Howard Caygill, David J. Chalmers, John Christman, Michael Clark, David E. Cooper & Simon Critchley - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):403.
  14.  5
    Physical Exercise in Overweight to Obese Individuals Induces Metabolic- and Neurotrophic-Related Structural Brain Plasticity.Karsten Mueller, Harald E. Möller, Annette Horstmann, Franziska Busse, Jöran Lepsien, Matthias Blüher, Michael Stumvoll, Arno Villringer & Burkhard Pleger - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15.  38
    The Unofficial Stephen Jay Gould Archive.Michael Shermer - unknown
    tephen Jay Gould's Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History , has become something of a watershed for those who study contingency and complexity, especially applied to organisms, societies, and history, and discussions of it can be found in many works. Walter Fontana and Leo Buss, for example, ask in the title of their chapter "What Would Be Conserved If 'The Tape Were Played Twice'?" This is a direct reference to Gould's suggestion in Wonderful Life that if (...)
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  16.  75
    Michael Huemer and the Principle of Phenomenal Conservatism.Michael Tooley - 2013 - In Chris Tucker (ed.), Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism. Oup Usa. pp. 306.
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  17.  44
    II—Michael Ridge: Epistemology for Ecumenical Expressivists.Michael Ridge - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):83-108.
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  18.  6
    I–Michael Tye.Michael Tye - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):77-94.
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  19. Causation and Responsibility*: MICHAEL S. MOORE.Michael S. Moore - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):1-51.
    In various areas of Anglo-American law, legal liability turns on causation. In torts and contracts, we are each liable only for those harms we have caused by the actions that breach our legal duties. Such doctrines explicitly make causation an element of liability. In criminal law, sometimes the causal element for liability is equally explicit, as when a statute makes punishable any act that has “ caused … abuse to the child….” More often, the causal element in criminal liability is (...)
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  20. Knowing and Being: Essays by Michael Polanyi.Michael Polanyi - 1969 - University of Chicago Press.
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  21.  5
    The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael Oakeshott on Education.Michael Oakeshott - 1989 - Yale University Press.
  22.  53
    I—Michael Smith.Michael Smith - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):93-109.
  23. Choice, Character, and Excuse*: MICHAEL S. MOORE.Michael S. Moore - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):29-58.
    Freud justified his extensive theorizing about dreams by the observation that they were “the royal road” to something much more general: namely, our unconscious mental life. The current preoccupation with the theory of excuse in criminal law scholarship can be given a similar justification, for the excuses are the royal road to theories of responsibility generally. The thought is that if we understand why we excuse in certain situations but not others, we will have also gained a much more general (...)
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  24.  16
    Externalism and Memory: Michael Tye.Michael Tye - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):77-94.
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  25. Double Effect, Triple Effect and the Trolley Problem: Squaring the Circle in Looping Cases: Michael Otsuka.Michael Otsuka - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (1):92-110.
    In the Trolley Case, as devised by Philippa Foot and modified by Judith Jarvis Thomson, a runaway trolley is headed down a main track and will hit and kill five unless you divert it onto a side track, where it will hit and kill one.
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  26.  21
    Practical Induction.Sarah Buss - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (4):571.
    I wish more books of philosophy were like this one. It is elegantly written. It is filled with provocative claims and ingenious arguments. It is a really good read, even while it forces us to rethink many of our assumptions about practical reason and practical reasoning, morality and agency.
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  27. Perception, Knowledge and Freedom in the Age of Extremes: On the Historical Epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Michael Hagner - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120.
    This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting (...)
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  28.  7
    The Undecidability of K-Provability.Samuel R. Buss - 1991 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 53 (1):75-102.
    Buss, S.R., The undecidability of k-provability, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 53 75-102. The k-provability problem is, given a first-order formula ø and an integer k, to determine if ø has a proof consisting of k or fewer lines . This paper shows that the k-provability problem for the sequent calculus is undecidable. Indeed, for every r.e. set X there is a formula ø and an integer k such that for all n,ø has a proof of k sequents if (...)
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  29.  17
    Michael Mann, "the Sources of Social Power". Volume I: "A History of Power From the Beginning to A.D. 1760".Barrington Moore & Michael Mann - 1988 - History and Theory 27 (2):169.
  30.  27
    I—Michael Williams: Mythology of the Given: Sosa, Sellars and the Task of Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):91-112.
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  31. Autonomy Reconsidered.Sarah Buss - 1994 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):95-121.
  32.  42
    The Modal Logic of Pure Provability.Samuel R. Buss - 1990 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (2):225-231.
  33.  85
    An Interview with Michael Walzer.Michael F. Shaughnessy & Mitja Sardoc - 2002 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 21 (1):65-75.
    Michael Walzer is currently at the School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, New Jersey. Professor Walzer has written Just and Unjust Wars; The Revolution of the Saints and has edited Toward A Global Civil Society. In this interview, he discusses some of the current concerns about education, political theory and the current state of the art of toleration, and acceptance and accommodation of different racial, ethnic, social and minority groups. He has published extensively and his (...)
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  34.  54
    Euvoluntary or Not, Exchange is Just*: Michael C. Munger.Michael C. Munger - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):192-211.
    The arguments for redistribution of wealth, and for prohibiting certain transactions such as price-gouging, both are based in mistaken conceptions of exchange. This paper proposes a neologism, “euvoluntary” exchange, meaning both that the exchange is truly voluntary and that it benefits both parties to the transaction. The argument has two parts: First, all euvoluntary exchanges should be permitted, and there is no justification for redistribution of wealth if disparities result only from euvoluntary exchanges. Second, even exchanges that are not euvoluntary (...)
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  35.  22
    I—Michael Ayres.Michael Ayres - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):91-110.
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  36.  35
    The Gettier Problem and Legal Proof: Michael S. Pardo.Michael S. Pardo - 2010 - Legal Theory 16 (1):37-57.
    This article explores the relationships between legal proof and fundamental epistemic concepts such as knowledge and justification. A survey of the legal literature reveals a confusing array of seemingly inconsistent proposals and presuppositions regarding these relationships. This article makes two contributions. First, it reconciles a number of apparent inconsistencies and tensions in accounts of the epistemology of legal proof. Second, it argues that there is a deeper connection between knowledge and legal proof than is typically argued for or presupposed in (...)
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  37. Agent-Neutral Consequentialism From the Inside-Out: Concern for Integrity Without Self-Indulgence: Michael Ridge.Michael Ridge - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (2):236-254.
    Consequentialists are sometimes accused of being unable to accommodate all the ways in which an agent should care about her own integrity. Here it is helpful to follow Stephen Darwall in distinguishing two approaches to moral theory. First, we might begin with the value of states of affairs and then work our way ‘inward’ to our integrity, explaining the value of the latter in terms of their contribution to the value of the former. This is the ‘outside-in’ approach, and Darwall (...)
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  38.  38
    Seminar with Michael Walzer 21 May 1999 — Institute of Philosophy — Faculty of Theology — K.U. Leuven.Michael Walzer - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (3-4):220-242.
    Bart Pattyn: Needless to say, we are more than pleased with the willingness of Michael Walzer to be here in Leuven. After the stimulating lecture yesterday we now have the opportunity to pose some questions to Michael Walzer in the same room where we talked with his friend, Harry Frankfurt, as well as with Bernard Williams. I have asked Professor Selling to moderate this discussion which I am sure he will do with a firm hand.Joseph Selling: We have (...)
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  39. Beckmann, A., Buss, SR and Pollett, C., Erratum to ''Ordinal.S. R. Buss - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 123:293.
  40.  50
    Ask and It Will Be Given to You: Michael J. Murray and Kurt Meyers.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):311-330.
    Consider the following situation. It is the first day of school, and the new third-grade students file into the classroom to be shown to their seats for the coming year. As they enter, the third-grade teacher notices one small boy who is particularly unkempt. He looks to be in desperate need of bathing, and his clothes are dirty, torn and tight-fitting. During recess, the teacher pulls aside the boy's previous teacher and asks about his wretched condition. The other teacher informs (...)
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  41.  70
    Science Friction: Phenomenology, Naturalism and Cognitive Science: Michael Wheeler.Michael Wheeler - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:135-167.
    Recent years have seen growing evidence of a fruitful engagement between phenomenology and cognitive science. This paper confronts an in-principle problem that stands in the way of this intellectual coalition, namely the fact that a tension exists between the transcendentalism that characterizes phenomenology and the naturalism that accompanies cognitive science. After articulating the general shape of this tension, I respond as follows. First, I argue that, if we view things through a kind of neo-McDowellian lens, we can open up a (...)
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  42.  15
    The Darwinian Revolution and its Counterrevolutionaries Then and Now: Randall Fuller: The Book That Changed America: How Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Ignited a Nation. New York: Viking, 2017, X + 294 Pp, $27.00 HB Michael J. Behe: Darwin Devolves: The New Science About DNA That Challenges Evolution. New York: HarperOne, 2019, 342 Pp, $28.99 HB.Michael A. Flannery - 2019 - Metascience 28 (3):405-413.
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  43.  6
    Interview: Michael Riffaterre.Michael Riffaterre - 1981 - Diacritics 11 (4):12.
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  44.  10
    Seminar with Michael Walzer.Michael Walzer - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (3-4):220-242.
  45.  7
    Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind.David M. Buss - 1999 - Allyn & Bacon.
    This text addresses the profound human questions of love and work. Beginning with a historical introduction, the author progresses through adaptive problems that humans face, and concludes by showing how evolutionary psychology encompasses all branches of psychology.
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  46. Sex Differences in Human Mate Preferences: Evolutionary Hypotheses Tested in 37 Cultures.David M. Buss - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):1-14.
    Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were made about sex differences in human mate preferences based on evolutionary conceptions of parental investment, sexual selection, human reproductive capacity, and sexual asymmetries regarding certainty of paternity versus maternity. The predictions centered on how each sex valued earning capacity, ambition— industriousness, youth, physical attractiveness, and chastity. Predictions were tested in data from 37 samples drawn from (...)
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  47.  1
    The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences.David M. Buss & Patricia H. Hawley (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Capturing a scientific change in thinking about personality and individual differences that has been building over the past 15 years, this volume stands at an important moment in the development of psychology as a discipline. Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the raw material upon which selection operates, the contributing authors provide theories and empirical evidence which suggest that personality and individual differences are central to evolved psychological mechanisms and behavioral functioning. The book draws theoretical inspiration from life history (...)
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  48. Reviews : Michael Billig, Arguing and Thinking: A Rhetorical Approach to Social Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989 (1987), Paper £9.95, Vi + 290 Pp. [REVIEW]Mike Michael - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (3):441-444.
  49.  1
    J. Michael Scott, John A. Wiens, Beatrice Van Horne, and Dale D. Goble. Shepherding Nature: The Challenge of Conservation Reliance. [REVIEW]Michael Paul Nelson - 2021 - Environmental Ethics 43 (3):281-284.
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    Judgment Aggregation and Subjective Decision-Making*: Michael K. Miller.Michael K. Miller - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):205-231.
    I present an original model in judgment aggregation theory that demonstrates the general impossibility of consistently describing decision-making purely at the group level. Only a type of unanimity rule can guarantee a group decision is consistent with supporting reasons, and even this possibility is limited to a small class of reasoning methods. The key innovation is that this result holds when individuals can reason in different ways, an allowance not previously considered in the literature. This generalizes judgment aggregation to subjective (...)
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