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Michael Clark
Nottingham University
Michael J. Clark
University of Manchester
  1. Recent Work on Grounding.Michael J. Clark & David Liggins - 2012 - Analysis Reviews 72 (4):812-823.
    There is currently an explosion of interest in grounding. In this article we provide an overview of the debate so far. We begin by introducing the concept of grounding, before discussing several kinds of scepticism about the topic. We then identify a range of central questions in the theory of grounding and discuss competing answers to them that have emerged in the debate. We close by raising some questions that have been relatively neglected but which warrant further attention.
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  2.  45
    Paradoxes From a to Z.Michael Clark - 2002 - Routledge.
    _Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition_ is the essential guide to paradoxes, and takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo, and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus’ Ship, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely (...)
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  3. Degrees of comparison.Michael Clark - 1984 - Analysis 44 (4):178.
  4.  28
    What Grounds What Grounds What.Michael J. Clark - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (270):38-59.
    If there are facts about what grounds what, are there any grounding relations between them? This paper suggests so, arguing that transitivity and amalgamation principles in the logic of grounding yield facts of grounding that are grounded by others. I develop and defend this view and note that combining it with extant accounts of iterated grounding commits us to seemingly problematic instances of ground-theoretic overdetermination. Taking the superinternality thesis as a case study, I discuss how defenders of this thesis should (...)
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  5.  90
    A Puzzle About Partial Grounding.Michael J. Clark - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):189-197.
    I argue that plausible claims in the logic of partial grounding, when combined with a plausible analysis of that concept, entail the falsity of plausible grounding claims. As our account of the concept of partial grounding and its logic should be consistent with plausible grounding claims, this is problematic. The argument hinges on the idea that some facts about what grounds what are grounded in others, which is an idea the paper aims to motivate.
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  6. The Two-Envelope Paradox.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2000 - Mind 109 (435):415--442.
    Previous claims to have resolved the two-envelope paradox have been premature. The paradoxical argument has been exposed as manifestly fallacious if there is an upper limit to the amount of money that may be put in an envelope; but the paradoxical cases which can be described if this limitation is removed do not involve mathematical error, nor can they be explained away in terms of the strangeness of infinity. Only by taking account of the partial sums of the infinite series (...)
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  7. Knowledge and Grounds: A Comment on Mr. Gettier's Paper.Michael Clark - 1963 - (Repr. In Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series; Gendin and Hoffman, Eds., Introduction to Philosophy, 1973; Lucey, Ed., On Knowing and the Known, 1996; Huemer, Ed., The Epistemology Reader, 2002) Analysis 24 (2):46 - 48.
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  8.  68
    Grounding, Mental Causation, and Overdetermination.Michael J. Clark & Nathan Wildman - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3723-3733.
    Recently, Kroedel and Schulz have argued that the exclusion problem—which states that certain forms of non-reductive physicalism about the mental are committed to systematic and objectionable causal overdetermination—can be solved by appealing to grounding. Specifically, they defend a principle that links the causal relations of grounded mental events to those of grounding physical events, arguing that this renders mental–physical causal overdetermination unproblematic. Here, we contest Kroedel and Schulz’s result. We argue that their causal-grounding principle is undermotivated, if not outright false. (...)
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  9. Decision Theory, Symmetry and Causal Structure: Reply to Meacham and Weisberg.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):691-701.
  10. Paradoxes from A to Z.Michael Clark - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (3):374-375.
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  11. The Dr. Psycho Paradox and Newcomb's Problem.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):85 - 100.
    Nicholas Rescher claims that rational decision theory “may leave us in the lurch”, because there are two apparently acceptable ways of applying “the standard machinery of expected-value analysis” to his Dr. Psycho paradox which recommend contradictory actions. He detects a similar contradiction in Newcomb’s problem. We consider his claims from the point of view of both Bayesian decision theory and causal decision theory. In Dr. Psycho and in Newcomb’s Problem, Rescher has used premisses about probabilities which he assumes to be (...)
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  12.  73
    Inclusionism and the Problem of Unmarried Husbands.Michael J. Clark - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (1):123 - 131.
    I discuss a modification of Lewisian modal realism called 'inclusionism'. Inclusionism is the thesis that some worlds contain other worlds as proper parts. Inclusionism has some attractive consequences for theories of modality. Josh Parsons, however, has raised a problem for inclusionism: the problem of unmarried husbands. In this paper I reply to this problem. My strategy is twofold: first I claim, pace Parsons, that it is not clear why the inclusionist cannot avail herself of an obvious solution to the problem; (...)
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  13.  92
    Recalcitrant Variants of the Liar Paradox.Michael Clark - 1999 - Analysis 59 (2):117–126.
  14.  90
    Paradoxes 1: The Ship of Theseus.Michael Clark - 2002 - Think 1 (1):75.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the philosophy journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. We begin with The Ship of Theseus.
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  15.  84
    Books for Review and for Listing Here Should Be Addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Gareth B. Matthews New, Andrew R. Bailey, Sarah Buss, Steven M. Cahn, Howard Caygill, David J. Chalmers, John Christman, Michael Clark, David E. Cooper & Simon Critchley - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):403.
  16. Reply to Dale.Michael Clark - 1980 - Analysis 40 (1):12.
  17.  80
    Euthanasia and the Slippery Slope.Michael Clark - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (3):251–257.
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  18.  81
    Ifs and Hooks.Michael Clark - 1971 - Analysis 32 (2):33 - 39.
  19.  70
    Discourse About the Future.Michael Clark - 1970 - In G. Vesey (ed.), Knowledge and Necessity. Macmillan. pp. 169-190.
  20.  22
    The Place of Syllogistic in Logical Theory.Michael Clark - 1980 - Nottingham University Press.
    Chapter 1 presents BS, a basic syllogistic system based on Aristotle's logic, in natural deduction form. Chapters 2 and 3 treat the metatheory of BS: consitency, soundness, independence, and completeness. Chapter 4 and 5 deal with syllogistic and, in turn, propositional and predicate logic, chapter 6 is on existential import, chapter 7 on subject and predicate and chapter 8 on classes. Chapter 9 adds negative variables to BS, and proves its soundness and completeness.
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  21.  21
    A Non-Retributive Kantian Approach to Punishment.Michael Clark - 2004 - Ratio 17 (1):12–27.
  22.  79
    Humour and Incongruity.Michael Clark - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (171):20 - 32.
    The question “What is humour?” has exercised in varying degrees such philosophers as Aristotle, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Schopenhauer and Bergson and has traditionally been regarded as a philosophical question. And surely it must still be regarded as a philosophical question at least in so far as it is treated as a conceptual one. Traditionally the question has been regarded as a search for the essence of humour, whereas nowadays it has become almost a reflex response among some philosophers to dismiss (...)
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  23.  77
    If Conditionals Were Not Contraposable . .Michael Clark - 1976 - Analysis 36 (2):112.
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  24.  85
    Ifs and Hooks: A Rejoinder.Michael Clark - 1974 - Analysis 34 (January):77-83.
  25.  19
    On Wanting to Be Morally Perfect.Michael Clark - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):54 - 56.
  26.  66
    Lewy's Conjectures About Tautological Entailment.Michael Clark - 1979 - Analysis 39 (1):30 - 34.
  27.  76
    The Truth About Heaps.Michael Clark - 1987 - Analysis 47 (4):177 - 179.
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  28.  42
    Varieties of Necessity.David Braine & Michael Clark - 1972 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 46 (1):139 - 187.
  29.  21
    Paradoxes 1: The Ship of Theseus: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2002 - Think 1 (1):75-76.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the philosophy journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. We begin with The Ship of Theseus.
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  30. Review of John Kleinig, The Ethics of Policing. [REVIEW]Michael Clark - 2000 - Mind 109.
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  31.  17
    The Dr. Psycho Paradox and Newcomb's Problem.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - unknown
    Nicholas Rescher claims that rational decision theory “may leave us in the lurch”, because there are two apparently acceptable ways of applying “the standard machinery of expected-value analysis” to his Dr. Psycho paradox which recommend contradictory actions. He detects a similar contradiction in Newcomb’s problem. We consider his claims from the point of view of both Bayesian decision theory and causal decision theory. In Dr. Psycho and in Newcomb’s Problem, Rescher has used premisses about probabilities which he assumes to be (...)
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  32.  74
    A Paradox of Conditional Probability.Michael Clark - 1989 - Analysis 49 (1):16 - 21.
  33.  18
    Paradox 7: The Unexpected Examination: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (7):109-111.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the unexpected examination.
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  34.  43
    Moral Incapacity and Deliberation.Michael Clark - 1999 - Ratio 12 (1):1–13.
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  35.  41
    Truth and Success: Searle’s Attack on Minimalism.Michael Clark - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):205–209.
  36.  38
    Paradoxes 4: The Paradox of Democracy.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 2 (4):89-90.
    In this regular series, Michael Clark, editor of Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of democracy.
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  37.  31
    Paradoxes 3: Buridan's Ass.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 1 (3):69-70.
    In this regular series, Michael Clark, editor of Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Buridan's ass.
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  38.  15
    Paradoxes 4: The Paradox of Democracy: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 2 (4):89-90.
    In this regular series, Michael Clark, editor of Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of democracy.
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  39.  80
    Intentional Objects.Michael Clark - 1965 - Analysis 25 (January):123-128.
  40.  60
    Utterer's Meaning and Implications About Belief.Michael Clark - 1975 - Analysis 35 (3):105 - 108.
  41.  78
    Review of Larry Laudan, Truth, Error, and Criminal Law: An Essay in Legal Epistemology. [REVIEW]Michael Clark - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (1):85-86.
  42.  6
    System, Structure and Experience: Towards a Scientific Theory of Mind.Michael Clark & Ervin Laszlo - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (83):183.
  43.  34
    Paradox 7: The Unexpected Examination.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (7):109-111.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the unexpected examination.
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  44.  14
    Paradoxes 2: Achilles and the Tortoise: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2002 - Think 1 (2):95-98.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Achilles and the tortoise.
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  45.  14
    Paradoxes 5: Bertrand's Box Paradox: Clark Pardoxes.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 2 (5):73-74.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradaoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Bertrand's box.
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  46.  40
    Hazards of Irrationality.Michael Clark - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine (26):38-40.
  47.  55
    There Is No Paradox of Blackmail.Michael Clark - 1994 - Analysis 54 (1):54 - 61.
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  48.  32
    Paradox 8: The Paradox of the Gods.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (8):107-108.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the gods.
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  49.  13
    Paradox 8: The Paradox of the Gods: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (8):107-108.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the gods.
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  50.  35
    Paradoxes 6: The Paradox of Inference.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 2 (6):63-65.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of inference.
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