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Michael Clark
Nottingham University
Michael J. Clark
University of Manchester
  1. Recent work on grounding.Michael J. Clark & David Liggins - 2012 - Analysis Reviews 72 (4):812-823.
    There is currently an explosion of interest in grounding. In this article we provide an overview of the debate so far. We begin by introducing the concept of grounding, before discussing several kinds of scepticism about the topic. We then identify a range of central questions in the theory of grounding and discuss competing answers to them that have emerged in the debate. We close by raising some questions that have been relatively neglected but which warrant further attention.
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  2.  77
    Paradoxes From a to Z.Michael Clark - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
    _Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition_ is the essential guide to paradoxes, and takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo, and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus’ Ship, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely (...)
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  3. Knowledge and Grounds: A Comment on Mr. Gettier's Paper.Michael Clark - 1963 - (Repr. In Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series; Gendin and Hoffman, Eds., Introduction to Philosophy, 1973; Lucey, Ed., On Knowing and the Known, 1996; Huemer, Ed., The Epistemology Reader, 2002) Analysis 24 (2):46 - 48.
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  4. Paradoxes from A to Z.Michael Clark - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (3):374-375.
     
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  5. The two-envelope paradox.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2000 - Mind 109 (435):415--442.
    Previous claims to have resolved the two-envelope paradox have been premature. The paradoxical argument has been exposed as manifestly fallacious if there is an upper limit to the amount of money that may be put in an envelope; but the paradoxical cases which can be described if this limitation is removed do not involve mathematical error, nor can they be explained away in terms of the strangeness of infinity. Only by taking account of the partial sums of the infinite series (...)
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  6. Humour and Incongruity.Michael Clark - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (171):20 - 32.
    The question “What is humour?” has exercised in varying degrees such philosophers as Aristotle, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Schopenhauer and Bergson and has traditionally been regarded as a philosophical question. And surely it must still be regarded as a philosophical question at least in so far as it is treated as a conceptual one. Traditionally the question has been regarded as a search for the essence of humour, whereas nowadays it has become almost a reflex response among some philosophers to dismiss (...)
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  7. A Puzzle About Partial Grounding.Michael J. Clark - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):189-197.
    I argue that plausible claims in the logic of partial grounding, when combined with a plausible analysis of that concept, entail the falsity of plausible grounding claims. As our account of the concept of partial grounding and its logic should be consistent with plausible grounding claims, this is problematic. The argument hinges on the idea that some facts about what grounds what are grounded in others, which is an idea the paper aims to motivate.
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  8. Grounding, mental causation, and overdetermination.Michael J. Clark & Nathan Wildman - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3723-3733.
    Recently, Kroedel and Schulz have argued that the exclusion problem—which states that certain forms of non-reductive physicalism about the mental are committed to systematic and objectionable causal overdetermination—can be solved by appealing to grounding. Specifically, they defend a principle that links the causal relations of grounded mental events to those of grounding physical events, arguing that this renders mental–physical causal overdetermination unproblematic. Here, we contest Kroedel and Schulz’s result. We argue that their causal-grounding principle is undermotivated, if not outright false. (...)
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  9.  42
    The place of syllogistic in logical theory.Michael Clark - 1980 - Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.
    Chapter 1 presents BS, a basic syllogistic system based on Aristotle's logic, in natural deduction form. Chapters 2 and 3 treat the metatheory of BS: consitency, soundness, independence, and completeness. Chapter 4 and 5 deal with syllogistic and, in turn, propositional and predicate logic, chapter 6 is on existential import, chapter 7 on subject and predicate and chapter 8 on classes. Chapter 9 adds negative variables to BS, and proves its soundness and completeness.
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  10. Ifs and Hooks.Michael Clark - 1971 - Analysis 32 (2):33 - 39.
  11.  55
    Paradoxes from A to Z.Michael Clark - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
    This essential guide to paradoxes takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus' Ship, Hempel's Raven, and the Prisoners' Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, ethics, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely solutions.
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  12.  40
    The Meritorious And The Mandatory.Michael Clark - 1979 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:23-33.
    Michael Clark; II*—The Meritorious and the Mandatory, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 79, Issue 1, 1 June 1979, Pages 23–34, https://doi.org/10.
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  13. Books for review and for listing here should be addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.Gareth B. Matthews New, Andrew R. Bailey, Sarah Buss, Steven M. Cahn, Howard Caygill, David J. Chalmers, John Christman, Michael Clark, David E. Cooper & Simon Critchley - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (4):403.
  14.  46
    Pressure ulcer prevalence in Europe: a pilot study.Katrien Vanderwee, Michael Clark, Carol Dealey, Lena Gunningberg & Tom Defloor - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (2):227-235.
  15.  75
    Varieties of Necessity.David Braine & Michael Clark - 1972 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 46 (1):139 - 187.
  16.  93
    What Grounds What Grounds What.Michael J. Clark - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (270):38-59.
    If there are facts about what grounds what, are there any grounding relations between them? This paper suggests so, arguing that transitivity and amalgamation principles in the logic of grounding yield facts of grounding that are grounded by others. I develop and defend this view and note that combining it with extant accounts of iterated grounding commits us to seemingly problematic instances of ground-theoretic overdetermination. Taking the superinternality thesis as a case study, I discuss how defenders of this thesis should (...)
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  17. Decision theory, symmetry and causal structure: Reply to Meacham and Weisberg.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):691-701.
    1Department of Philosophy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. [email protected] of Philosophy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. [email protected].
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  18. Varieties of Necessity.David Braine & Michael Clark - 1972 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 46 (Supplementary):139-187.
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  19.  33
    On the Plurality of Worlds.Michael Clark - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (2):93-96.
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  20. Paradoxes from A to Z, 3rd Ed.Michael Clark - 2012 - Routledge.
    This third edition is revised throughout, and adds nine new paradoxes that have important bearings in areas such as law, logic, ethics and probability.
     
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  21.  33
    A non-retributive Kantian approach to punishment.Michael Clark - 2004 - Ratio 17 (1):12–27.
    Traditionally Kant's theory of punishment has been seen as wholly retributive. Recent Kantian scholarship has interpreted the theory as more moderately retributive: punishment is deterrent in aim, and retributive only in so far as the amount and type of penalty is to be determined by retributive considerations (the ius talionis). But it is arguable that a more coherent Kantian theory of punishment can be developed which makes no appeal to retribution at all: hypothetical contractors would have no good reason to (...)
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  22.  4
    II*—The Meritorious and the Mandatory.Michael Clark - 1979 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79 (1):23-34.
    Michael Clark; II*—The Meritorious and the Mandatory, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 79, Issue 1, 1 June 1979, Pages 23–34, https://doi.org/10.
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  23.  30
    On Wanting to Be Morally Perfect.Michael Clark - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):54 - 56.
  24. Recalcitrant variants of the liar paradox.Michael Clark - 1999 - Analysis 59 (2):117–126.
  25.  27
    Sacrificing One to Save Many.Michael Clark - 1995 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):189-200.
    Attempts to solve the Trolley Problem by means of a single principle have proved unpersuasive. Nor can the intuition about Transplant be adequately grounded in the hypothetical dissent of rational contractors. It is explained by the initial liability principle, that loss should lie where it falls unless there is sufficient reason to shift it. If we did not think we should accept misfortune in such cases and thought that minimising loss of life was sufficient reason to shift the loss we (...)
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  26.  71
    Humour, laughter and the structure of thought.Michael Clark - 1987 - British Journal of Aesthetics 27 (3):238-246.
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  27. Ifs and Hooks: A Rejoinder.Michael Clark - 1974 - Analysis 34 (January):77-83.
  28.  26
    Self‐defence Against the Innocent.Michael Clark - 2000 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):145–155.
    Do we have the right to defend ourselves against innocent aggressors? If I amattacked in a lift by a knife‐wielding lunatic, may I kill or maim him to protect my own life? On one view the insane man’s plight is his bad luck and I am under no obligation to let it be transferred to me. On the opposing view it is my bad luck to be under attack and I have no right to transfer it to an innocent man (...)
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  29.  19
    System, Structure and Experience: Towards a Scientific Theory of Mind.Michael Clark & Ervin Laszlo - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (83):183.
  30.  77
    There Is No Paradox of Blackmail.Michael Clark - 1994 - Analysis 54 (1):54 - 61.
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  31. The Dr. Psycho Paradox and Newcomb’s Problem.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):85 - 100.
    Nicholas Rescher claims that rational decision theory “may leave us in the lurch”, because there are two apparently acceptable ways of applying “the standard machinery of expected-value analysis” to his Dr. Psycho paradox which recommend contradictory actions. He detects a similar contradiction in Newcomb’s problem. We consider his claims from the point of view of both Bayesian decision theory and causal decision theory. In Dr. Psycho and in Newcomb’s Problem, Rescher has used premisses about probabilities which he assumes to be (...)
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  32. Degrees of comparison.Michael Clark - 1984 - Analysis 44 (4):178.
  33. Paradoxes 1: The Ship of Theseus: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2002 - Think 1 (1):75-76.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the philosophy journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. We begin with The Ship of Theseus.
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  34. Euthanasia and the slippery slope.Michael Clark - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (3):251–257.
    Although those with liberal attitudes towards voluntary euthanasia are often castigated as crude consequentialists who give overriding value to social utility, two common arguments against permitting active voluntary euthanasia even in the most desperate of cases, the slippery‐slope argument and the argument that further research into terminal care and pain control will be discouraged, are entirely consequentialist, and to invoke them to justify withholding assistance in these desperate cases is to fail to respect patients as ends in themselves.
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  35.  5
    II*—The Sanctions of the Criminal Law.Michael Clark - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (1):25-40.
    Michael Clark; II*—The Sanctions of the Criminal Law, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 97, Issue 1, 1 June 1997, Pages 25–40, https://doi.org/10.
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  36.  6
    Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory.Michael Clark - 1980 - Philosophical Books 21 (3):162-164.
  37.  74
    Moral incapacity and deliberation.Michael Clark - 1999 - Ratio 12 (1):1–13.
    Was Luther avowing a genuine moral incapacity when he claimed that he could do no other? Bernard Williams has distinguished moral from psychological incapacity in terms of deliberation. There are three particular difficulties for the notion: in addition to (1) scepticism about whether the agent is genuinely incapable, there are (2) the possibility of conflicting moral incapacities, and (3) apparent cases where there is no actual or possible deliberation. If (1) can be countered, (2) can be met by ceteris paribus (...)
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  38.  24
    The sanctions of the criminal law.Michael Clark - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (1):25–39.
    Michael Clark; II*—The Sanctions of the Criminal Law, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 97, Issue 1, 1 June 1997, Pages 25–40, https://doi.org/10.
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  39. Nowhere to run? Punishing war crimes.Michael Clark & Peter Cave - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (2):197-207.
    This paper’s aim is to provide overview of the punishment of war crimes. It considers first the rationale of the law of war, the identification and scope of war crimes, and proceeds to consider the justification of punishing war crimes, arguing for a consequentialist view with side-constraints. It then considers the alternative of reconciliation.
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  40. “Paradoxes.”.Michael Clark - forthcoming - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy..
     
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  41.  88
    Paradox 7: The unexpected examination: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (7):109-111.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the unexpected examination.
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  42.  82
    If Conditionals Were Not Contraposable . .Michael Clark - 1976 - Analysis 36 (2):112.
  43.  82
    Paradoxes 4: the paradox of democracy: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 2 (4):89-90.
    In this regular series, Michael Clark, editor of Analysis, presents some of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of democracy.
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  44.  80
    Paradox 8: The paradox of the gods: Clark paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 3 (8):107-108.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of the gods.
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  45. Reply to Dale.Michael Clark - 1980 - Analysis 40 (1):12.
  46.  75
    Paradoxes 6: The Paradox of inference: Clark Paradoxes.Michael Clark - 2004 - Think 2 (6):63-65.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradoxes. Here we examine the paradox of inference.
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  47.  73
    Paradoxes 5: Bertrand's box Paradox: Clark Pardoxes.Michael Clark - 2003 - Think 2 (5):73-74.
    In this regular series Michael Clark, editor of the journal Analysis, presents a number of the most intriguing philosophical paradaoxes. Here we examine the paradox of Bertrand's box.
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  48.  40
    An Introduction to Infinity.Michael Clark - 1992 - Cogito 6 (1):18-23.
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  49.  42
    A note on ethics and solipsism.Michael Clark - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):127-128.
  50.  96
    A Paradox of Conditional Probability.Michael Clark - 1989 - Analysis 49 (1):16 - 21.
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