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Michael Clark
Nottingham University
Michael J. Clark
University of Manchester
  1. Recent Work on Grounding.Michael J. Clark & David Liggins - 2012 - Analysis Reviews 72 (4):812-823.
    There is currently an explosion of interest in grounding. In this article we provide an overview of the debate so far. We begin by introducing the concept of grounding, before discussing several kinds of scepticism about the topic. We then identify a range of central questions in the theory of grounding and discuss competing answers to them that have emerged in the debate. We close by raising some questions that have been relatively neglected but which warrant further attention.
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  2.  65
    Paradoxes From a to Z.Michael Clark - 2002 - Routledge.
    _Paradoxes from A to Z, Third edition_ is the essential guide to paradoxes, and takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo, and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus’ Ship, and the Prisoner’s Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely (...)
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  3. Knowledge and Grounds: A Comment on Mr. Gettier's Paper.Michael Clark - 1963 - (Repr. In Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series; Gendin and Hoffman, Eds., Introduction to Philosophy, 1973; Lucey, Ed., On Knowing and the Known, 1996; Huemer, Ed., The Epistemology Reader, 2002) Analysis 24 (2):46 - 48.
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  4. The Two-Envelope Paradox.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2000 - Mind 109 (435):415--442.
    Previous claims to have resolved the two-envelope paradox have been premature. The paradoxical argument has been exposed as manifestly fallacious if there is an upper limit to the amount of money that may be put in an envelope; but the paradoxical cases which can be described if this limitation is removed do not involve mathematical error, nor can they be explained away in terms of the strangeness of infinity. Only by taking account of the partial sums of the infinite series (...)
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  5. A Puzzle About Partial Grounding.Michael J. Clark - 2015 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):189-197.
    I argue that plausible claims in the logic of partial grounding, when combined with a plausible analysis of that concept, entail the falsity of plausible grounding claims. As our account of the concept of partial grounding and its logic should be consistent with plausible grounding claims, this is problematic. The argument hinges on the idea that some facts about what grounds what are grounded in others, which is an idea the paper aims to motivate.
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  6. Humour and Incongruity.Michael Clark - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (171):20 - 32.
    The question “What is humour?” has exercised in varying degrees such philosophers as Aristotle, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Schopenhauer and Bergson and has traditionally been regarded as a philosophical question. And surely it must still be regarded as a philosophical question at least in so far as it is treated as a conceptual one. Traditionally the question has been regarded as a search for the essence of humour, whereas nowadays it has become almost a reflex response among some philosophers to dismiss (...)
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  7. Grounding, Mental Causation, and Overdetermination.Michael J. Clark & Nathan Wildman - 2018 - Synthese 195 (8):3723-3733.
    Recently, Kroedel and Schulz have argued that the exclusion problem—which states that certain forms of non-reductive physicalism about the mental are committed to systematic and objectionable causal overdetermination—can be solved by appealing to grounding. Specifically, they defend a principle that links the causal relations of grounded mental events to those of grounding physical events, arguing that this renders mental–physical causal overdetermination unproblematic. Here, we contest Kroedel and Schulz’s result. We argue that their causal-grounding principle is undermotivated, if not outright false. (...)
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  8.  66
    What Grounds What Grounds What.Michael J. Clark - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (270):38-59.
    If there are facts about what grounds what, are there any grounding relations between them? This paper suggests so, arguing that transitivity and amalgamation principles in the logic of grounding yield facts of grounding that are grounded by others. I develop and defend this view and note that combining it with extant accounts of iterated grounding commits us to seemingly problematic instances of ground-theoretic overdetermination. Taking the superinternality thesis as a case study, I discuss how defenders of this thesis should (...)
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  9.  45
    Paradoxes From A to Z, 2nd Ed.Michael Clark - 2007 - Routledge.
    This essential guide to paradoxes takes the reader on a lively tour of puzzles that have taxed thinkers from Zeno to Galileo and Lewis Carroll to Bertrand Russell. Michael Clark uncovers an array of conundrums, such as Achilles and the Tortoise, Theseus' Ship, Hempel's Raven, and the Prisoners' Dilemma, taking in subjects as diverse as knowledge, ethics, science, art and politics. Clark discusses each paradox in non-technical terms, considering its significance and looking at likely solutions.
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  10.  32
    The Place of Syllogistic in Logical Theory.Michael Clark - 1980 - Nottingham University Press.
    Chapter 1 presents BS, a basic syllogistic system based on Aristotle's logic, in natural deduction form. Chapters 2 and 3 treat the metatheory of BS: consitency, soundness, independence, and completeness. Chapter 4 and 5 deal with syllogistic and, in turn, propositional and predicate logic, chapter 6 is on existential import, chapter 7 on subject and predicate and chapter 8 on classes. Chapter 9 adds negative variables to BS, and proves its soundness and completeness.
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  11.  94
    Ifs and Hooks.Michael Clark - 1971 - Analysis 32 (2):33 - 39.
  12.  35
    Pressure Ulcer Prevalence in Europe: A Pilot Study.Katrien Vanderwee, Michael Clark, Carol Dealey, Lena Gunningberg & Tom Defloor - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (2):227-235.
  13.  20
    Entailment. The Logic of Relevance and Necessity. Volume I.Michael Clark - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (111):172.
  14.  64
    Varieties of Necessity.David Braine & Michael Clark - 1972 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 46 (1):139 - 187.
  15.  32
    The Meritorious And The Mandatory.Michael Clark - 1979 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 79:23-33.
  16. Recalcitrant Variants of the Liar Paradox.Michael Clark - 1999 - Analysis 59 (2):117–126.
  17. Decision Theory, Symmetry and Causal Structure: Reply to Meacham and Weisberg.Michael Clark & Nicholas Shackel - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):691-701.
  18.  97
    Ifs and Hooks: A Rejoinder.Michael Clark - 1974 - Analysis 34 (January):77-83.
  19.  67
    There Is No Paradox of Blackmail.Michael Clark - 1994 - Analysis 54 (1):54 - 61.
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  20.  20
    On Wanting to Be Morally Perfect.Michael Clark - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):54 - 56.
  21. Paradoxes From A to Z, 3rd Ed.Michael Clark - 2012 - Routledge.
    This third edition is revised throughout, and adds nine new paradoxes that have important bearings in areas such as law, logic, ethics and probability.
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  22.  15
    System, Structure and Experience: Towards a Scientific Theory of Mind.Michael Clark & Ervin Laszlo - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (83):183.
  23.  20
    Sacrificing One to Save Many.Michael Clark - 1995 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):189-200.
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  24.  91
    Euthanasia and the Slippery Slope.Michael Clark - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (3):251–257.
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  25.  60
    Humour, Laughter and the Structure of Thought.Michael Clark - 1987 - British Journal of Aesthetics 27 (3):238-246.
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  26.  77
    Inclusionism and the Problem of Unmarried Husbands.Michael J. Clark - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (1):123 - 131.
    I discuss a modification of Lewisian modal realism called 'inclusionism'. Inclusionism is the thesis that some worlds contain other worlds as proper parts. Inclusionism has some attractive consequences for theories of modality. Josh Parsons, however, has raised a problem for inclusionism: the problem of unmarried husbands. In this paper I reply to this problem. My strategy is twofold: first I claim, pace Parsons, that it is not clear why the inclusionist cannot avail herself of an obvious solution to the problem; (...)
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  27.  28
    A Non-Retributive Kantian Approach to Punishment.Michael Clark - 2004 - Ratio 17 (1):12–27.
  28.  29
    On the Plurality of Worlds.Michael Clark - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (2):93-96.
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  29.  14
    Men in White.Michael J. Clark - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (1):65-66.
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  30.  20
    Self‐Defence Against the Innocent.Michael Clark - 2000 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):145–155.
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  31.  82
    If Conditionals Were Not Contraposable . .Michael Clark - 1976 - Analysis 36 (2):112.
  32.  4
    Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory.Michael Clark - 1980 - Philosophical Books 21 (3):162-164.
  33.  89
    The Truth About Heaps.Michael Clark - 1987 - Analysis 47 (4):177 - 179.
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  34.  75
    Lewy's Conjectures About Tautological Entailment.Michael Clark - 1979 - Analysis 39 (1):30 - 34.
  35.  32
    Discourse About the Future.Michael Clark - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:169-190.
    While philosophers feel relatively comfortable about talking of the present and the past, some of them feel uncomfortable about talking in just the same way of future events. They feel that, in general, discourse about the future differs significantly from discourse about the past and present, and that these differences reflect a logical asymmetry between the past and future beyond the merely defining fact that the future succeeds, and the past precedes, the present time. The problem is: how can we (...)
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  36.  66
    Moral Incapacity and Deliberation.Michael Clark - 1999 - Ratio 12 (1):1–13.
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  37.  12
    Discourse About the Future.Michael Clark - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 3:169-190.
    While philosophers feel relatively comfortable about talking of the present and the past, some of them feel uncomfortable about talking in just the same way of future events. They feel that, in general, discourse about the future differs significantly from discourse about the past and present, and that these differences reflect a logical asymmetry between the past and future beyond the merely defining fact that the future succeeds, and the past precedes, the present time. The problem is: how can we (...)
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  38. Review of John Kleinig, The Ethics of Policing. [REVIEW]Michael Clark - 2000 - Mind 109.
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  39.  47
    Truth and Success: Searle’s Attack on Minimalism.Michael Clark - 1997 - Analysis 57 (3):205–209.
  40.  14
    Obligations.Michael Clark - 1973 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:53 - 67.
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  41.  10
    Law as Rule and Principle.Michael Clark & Theodore M. Benditt - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):188.
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  42.  6
    Logic and Argument.Michael Clark - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):156-158.
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  43.  14
    The Sanctions of the Criminal Law.Michael Clark - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (1):25–39.
  44.  5
    Thought and Language.Michael Clark - 1991 - Philosophical Books 32 (4):233-235.
  45.  5
    Beyond Scepticism and Realism: A Constructive Exploration of Husserlian and Whiteheadian Methods of Enquiry.Michael Clark & Ervin Laszlo - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (69):364.
  46.  1
    II—The Sanctions of the Criminal Law.Michael Clark - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (1):25-39.
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  47. Varieties of Necessity.David Braine & Michael Clark - 1972 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 46 (Supplementary):139-187.
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  48.  38
    An Introduction to Infinity.Michael Clark - 1992 - Cogito 6 (1):18-23.
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  49.  33
    A Note on Ethics and Solipsism.Michael Clark - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):127-128.
  50.  92
    A Paradox of Conditional Probability.Michael Clark - 1989 - Analysis 49 (1):16 - 21.
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