Results for 'Michael D. Aeschliman'

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  1.  59
    Michael Aeschliman on Scientism vs. Sapentia.Michael D. Aeschliman - 2009 - The Chesterton Review 35 (1/2):248-257.
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  2.  56
    Michael McGhee, Transformations of Mind: Philosophy as Spiritual Practice Reviewed by. [REVIEW]Michael D. Kurak - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (3):189-191.
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  3.  34
    On Michael D. Bayles’s “The Price of Life”.Michael Pressman - 2015 - Ethics 125 (4):1154-1156.
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  4.  30
    A. Persi Flacci Et D. Iuni Iuvenalis Saturae. [REVIEW]Michael D. Reeve - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):173-174.
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  5.  11
    The Noble Qualities of Character. (Kitāb Makārim al-Aḫlāq.)The Noble Qualities of Character.Michael Zwettler, Ibn Abi D.-Dunyā, James A. Bellamy & Ibn Abi D.-Dunya - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (1):42.
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  6.  47
    How to determine the boundaries of the mind: a Markov blanket proposal.Michael D. Kirchhoff & Julian Kiverstein - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4791-4810.
    We develop a truism of commonsense psychology that perception and action constitute the boundaries of the mind. We do so however not on the basis of commonsense psychology, but by using the notion of a Markov blanket originally employed to describe the topological properties of causal networks. We employ the Markov blanket formalism to propose precise criteria for demarcating the boundaries of the mind that unlike other rival candidates for “marks of the cognitive” avoids begging the question in the extended (...)
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  7.  18
    Mathematical Objects and Mathematical Knowledge.Michael D. Resnik - 1995 - Dartmouth Publishing Company.
    The International research Library of Philosophy collects in book form a wide range of important and influential essays in philosophy, drawn predominantly from English-language journals. Each volume in the library deals with a field of enquiry which has received significant attention in philosophy in the last 25 years and is edited by a philosopher noted in that field.
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  8. Set Theory and its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction.Michael D. Potter - 2004 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Michael Potter presents a comprehensive new philosophical introduction to set theory. Anyone wishing to work on the logical foundations of mathematics must understand set theory, which lies at its heart. Potter offers a thorough account of cardinal and ordinal arithmetic, and the various axiom candidates. He discusses in detail the project of set-theoretic reduction, which aims to interpret the rest of mathematics in terms of set theory. The key question here is how to deal with the paradoxes that bedevil (...)
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  9. Predictive processing, perceiving and imagining: Is to perceive to imagine, or something close to it?Michael D. Kirchhoff - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (3):751-767.
    This paper examines the relationship between perceiving and imagining on the basis of predictive processing models in neuroscience. Contrary to the received view in philosophy of mind, which holds that perceiving and imagining are essentially distinct, these models depict perceiving and imagining as deeply unified and overlapping. It is argued that there are two mutually exclusive implications of taking perception and imagination to be fundamentally unified. The view defended is what I dub the ecological–enactive view given that it does not (...)
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  10. Un bras d'athlete et une haute voix de lamentateur?: why I love Jacques Maritain.Michael D. Torre - 2018 - In Heidi Marie Giebel (ed.), The things that matter: essays inspired by the later work of Jacques Maritain. American Maritain Association.
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  11.  29
    Resnik, Michael D. Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Eric D. Hetherington - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):196-198.
  12. Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory.Michael D. Resnik - 1987 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
  13. Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman.Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
     
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  14. A sensemaking approach to ethics training for scientists: Preliminary evidence of training effectiveness.Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
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  15.  15
    On theories.Michael D. Alder - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (2):213-226.
    An axiom set is given which purports to formalize the notion of a "theory involving measurement." The abstract objects satisfying these axioms are examined, and some candidates for measures of complexity are considered. This framework allows us to discuss some forms of a degree of confirmation. Both "complexity" and "degree of confirmation" appear to be intimately bound up with geometrical aspects of these "theories" which derive from measurement considerations, suggesting that the concepts may be inapplicable to more "general theories." The (...)
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  16.  18
    Science without Numbers.Michael D. Resnik - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):514-519.
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  17.  34
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation.Michael D. Resnik - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):139-140.
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  18. Learning to listen: Epistemic injustice and the child.Michael D. Burroughs & Deborah Tollefsen - 2016 - Episteme 13 (3):359-377.
    In Epistemic Injustice Miranda Fricker argues that there is a distinctively epistemic type of injustice in which someone is wronged specifically in his or her capacity as a knower. Fricker's examples of identity-prejudicial credibility deficit primarily involve gender, race, and class, in which individuals are given less credibility due to prejudicial stereotypes. We argue that children, as a class, are also subject to testimonial injustice and receive less epistemic credibility than they deserve. To illustrate the prevalence of testimonial injustice against (...)
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  19. Mathematics as a science of patterns: Ontology and reference.Michael D. Resnik - 1981 - Noûs 15 (4):529-550.
  20.  24
    Attuning to the World: The Diachronic Constitution of the Extended Conscious Mind.Michael D. Kirchhoff & Julian Kiverstein - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  21.  71
    Articles: Validation of ethical decision making measures: Evidence for a new set of measures.Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Shane Connelly, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill & Alison L. Antes - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (4):319 – 345.
    Ethical decision making measures are widely applied as the principal dependent variable used in studies of research integrity. However, evidence bearing on the internal and external validity of these measures is not available. In this study, ethical decision making measures were administered to 102 graduate students in the biological, health, and social sciences, along with measures examining exposure to ethical breaches and the severity of punishments recommended. The ethical decision making measure was found to be related to exposure to ethical (...)
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  22.  28
    Ignacio Angelelli. Introduction. Two Soviet studies on Frege, by B. V. Birjukov, translated and edited by Ignacio Angelelli, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1964, pp. VII–XVIII. - B. V. Birjukov. On Frege's works on philosophical problems of mathematics. English translation of XXXIX 366 by Ignacio Angelelli. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1964, pp. 1–51. - B. V. Birjukov. The theory of sense of Gottlob Frege. English translation of XXXIX 366 by Ignacio Angelelli. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland, 1964, pp. 52–99. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):355.
  23. Frege and the Philosophy of Mathematics.Michael D. Resnik - 1980 - Cornell University Press.
  24.  86
    Environmental influences on ethical decision making: Climate and environmental predictors of research integrity.Michael D. Mumford, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ryan P. Brown & Lynn D. Devenport - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (4):337 – 366.
    It is commonly held that early career experiences influence ethical behavior. One way early career experiences might operate is to influence the decisions people make when presented with problems that raise ethical concerns. To test this proposition, 102 first-year doctoral students were asked to complete a series of measures examining ethical decision making along with a series of measures examining environmental experiences and climate perceptions. Factoring of the environmental measure yielded five dimensions: professional leadership, poor coping, lack of rewards, limited (...)
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  25.  95
    Strategies in Forecasting Outcomes in Ethical Decision-Making: Identifying and Analyzing the Causes of the Problem.Michael D. Mumford, Chase E. Thiel, Jared J. Caughron, Xiaoqian Wang, Alison L. Antes & Cheryl K. Stenmark - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):110-127.
    This study examined the role of key causal analysis strategies in forecasting and ethical decision-making. Undergraduate participants took on the role of the key actor in several ethical problems and were asked to identify and analyze the causes, forecast potential outcomes, and make a decision about each problem. Time pressure and analytic mindset were manipulated while participants worked through these problems. The results indicated that forecast quality was associated with decision ethicality, and the identification of the critical causes of the (...)
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  26.  53
    Event-related potentials and recognition memory.Michael D. Rugg & Tim Curran - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6):251-257.
  27.  11
    Review: Hans Georg Steiner, Frege und die Grundlagen der Geometrie; G. Frege, M. E. Szabo, E. D. Klemke, On the Foundations of Geometry. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):155-155.
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  28. Second-order logic still wild.Michael D. Resnik - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):75-87.
  29.  18
    Young and restless: validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth.Michael D. Mrazek, Dawa T. Phillips, Michael S. Franklin, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  30.  29
    Evaluating Ethics Education Programs: A Multilevel Approach.Michael D. Mumford, Logan Steele & Logan L. Watts - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (1):37-60.
    Although education in the responsible conduct of research is considered necessary, evidence bearing on the effectiveness of these programs in improving research ethics has indicated that, although some programs are successful, many fail. Accordingly, there is a need for systematic evaluation of ethics education programs. In the present effort, we examine procedures for evaluation of ethics education programs from a multilevel perspective: examining both within-program evaluation and cross-program evaluation. With regard to within-program evaluation, we note requisite designs and measures for (...)
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  31. Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory.Michael D. Resnik - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):73-78.
     
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  32. Mathematics as a science of patterns: Epistemology.Michael D. Resnik - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):95-105.
  33.  6
    The Pseudoscience Wars: Immanuel Velikovsky and the Birth of the Modern Fringe.Michael D. Gordin - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Recounts the works of Immanuel Velikovsky and the controversies surrounding it, discussing his influence on the counterculture and debates with such luminaries as Carl Sagan.
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  34. Explanation, independence and realism in mathematics.Michael D. Resnik & David Kushner - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):141-158.
  35.  22
    Frege in Perspective. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1990 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):893-895.
  36.  69
    Lloyd's Introduction to Jurisprudence.Michael D. A. Freeman - 1994 - Sweet & Maxwell.
    Previous ed. by : Lord Lloyd of Hampstead and M.D.A. Freeman.
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  37.  36
    How Lysenkoism Became Pseudoscience: Dobzhansky to Velikovsky. [REVIEW]Michael D. Gordin - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):443 - 468.
    At some point in America in the 1940s, T. D. Lysenko's neo-Lamarckian hereditary theories transformed from a set of disputed doctrines into a prime exemplar of "pseudoscience." This paper explores the context in which this theory acquired this pejorative status by examining American efforts to refute Lysenkoism both before and after the famous August 1948 endorsement of Lysenko's doctrines by the Stalinist state, with particular attention to the translation efforts of Theodosius Dobzhansky. After enumerating numerous tactics for combating perceived pseudoscience, (...)
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  38. Second-order Logic Still Wild.Michael D. Resnik - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):75-87.
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  39.  19
    A Qualitative Approach to Responsible Conduct of Research Training Development: Identification of Metacognitive Strategies.Michael D. Mumford, Elaine S. Godfrey, Sydney T. Sevier, Richard T. Marcy & Vykinta Kligyte - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):33-39.
    Although Responsible Conduct of Research training is common in the sciences, the effectiveness of RCR training is open to question. Three key factors appear to be particularly important in ensuring the effectiveness of ethics education programs: educational efforts should be tied to day-to-day practices in the field, educational efforts should provide strategies for working through the ethical problems people are likely to encounter in day-to-day practice, and educational efforts should be embedded in a broader program of on-going career development efforts. (...)
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  40.  21
    Gottlob Frege. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (1):122-125.
  41. How nominalist is Hartry field's nominalism?Michael D. Resnik - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 47 (2):163 - 181.
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  42.  25
    Insomnia and the attribution process.Michael D. Storms & Richard E. Nisbett - 1970 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 16 (2):319-328.
    Gave 42 19-26 yr. old insomniac Ss placebo pills to take a few min. before going to bed. Some Ss were told that the pills would cause arousal, and others were told that the pills would reduce arousal. As predicted, arousal Ss got to sleep more quickly than they had on nights without the pills, presumably because they attributed their arousal to the pills rather than to their emotions, and as a consequence were less emotional. Also as predicted, relaxation Ss (...)
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  43. Against the Minimalistic Reading of Epistemic Contextualism: A Reply to Wolfgang Freitag.Michael D. Ashfield - 2013 - Acta Analytica 28 (1):111-125.
    Several philosophers have argued that the factivity of knowledge poses a problem for epistemic contextualism (EC), which they have construed as a knowability problem. On a proposed minimalistic reading of EC’s commitments, Wolfgang Freitag argues that factivity yields no knowability problem for EC. I begin by explaining how factivity is thought to generate a contradiction out of paradigmatic contextualist cases on a certain reading of EC’s commitments. This reductio results in some kind of reflexivity problem for the contextualist when it (...)
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  44.  14
    Serial modules in parallel: The psychological refractory period and perfect time-sharing.Michael D. Byrne & John R. Anderson - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (4):847-869.
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  45.  74
    The Philosophy of Social Science: An Introduction.Michael D. Root - 1996 - Ethics 107 (1):157-159.
  46.  65
    Structures of Virtue as a Framework for Public Health Ethics.Michael D. Rozier - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):37-45.
    Virtue ethics has a rich history; yet, its application in health ethics has been minimal compared to other major ethical frameworks. Even more, its application to health policy and population-level questions has been almost nonexistent. A new concept in moral theology, structures of virtue, provides impetus for ethicists to consider how virtue ethics can be a valuable addition to existing frameworks in public health ethics. This article offers a basic overview of virtue ethics and its value for analysis of social (...)
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  47.  93
    Human recognition memory: a cognitive neuroscience perspective.Michael D. Rugg & Andrew P. Yonelinas - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):313-319.
  48.  20
    Navigating the Penumbra: Children and Moral Responsibility.Michael D. Burroughs - 2020 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 58 (1):77-101.
    Child moral agency is dismissed in many historical and contemporary accounts based on children's supposed lack or marginal possession of agency-bearing capacities, including reason, deliberation, and judgment, amongst others. Given its prominence in the philosophical canon, I call this the traditional view of child agency. Recent advancements in moral developmental psychology challenge the traditional view, pointing toward the possession of relevant capacities and competencies for moral and responsible agency in early and middle childhood. I argue that both views—traditional and developmental—underdetermine (...)
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  49.  3
    Why Are No Animal Communication Systems Simple Languages?Michael D. Beecher - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Individuals of some animal species have been taught simple versions of human language despite their natural communication systems failing to rise to the level of a simple language. How is it, then, that some animals can master a version of language, yet none of them deploy this capacity in their own communication system? I first examine the key design features that are often used to evaluate language-like properties of natural animal communication systems. I then consider one candidate animal system, bird (...)
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  50.  13
    Drugs in sport: Have they practiced too hard? A response to Schneider and Butcher.Michael D. Burke - 1997 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 24 (1):47-66.
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