Results for 'Michael D. Edge'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  21
    Implications of the Apportionment of Human Genetic Diversity for the Apportionment of Human Phenotypic Diversity.Michael D. Edge & Noah A. Rosenberg - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:32-45.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2. The Mind, the Lab, and the Field: Three Kinds of Populations in Scientific Practice.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther, Ryan Giordano, Michael D. Edge & Rasmus Nielsen - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:12-21.
    Scientists use models to understand the natural world, and it is important not to conflate model and nature. As an illustration, we distinguish three different kinds of populations in studies of ecology and evolution: theoretical, laboratory, and natural populations, exemplified by the work of R.A. Fisher, Thomas Park, and David Lack, respectively. Biologists are rightly concerned with all three types of populations. We examine the interplay between these different kinds of populations, and their pertinent models, in three examples: the notion (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  3.  12
    Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies.Vinata Vedam-Mai, Karl Deisseroth, James Giordano, Gabriel Lazaro-Munoz, Winston Chiong, Nanthia Suthana, Jean-Philippe Langevin, Jay Gill, Wayne Goodman, Nicole R. Provenza, Casey H. Halpern, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Tricia N. Cunningham, Sameer A. Sheth, Nader Pouratian, Katherine W. Scangos, Helen S. Mayberg, Andreas Horn, Kara A. Johnson, Christopher R. Butson, Ro’ee Gilron, Coralie de Hemptinne, Robert Wilt, Maria Yaroshinsky, Simon Little, Philip Starr, Greg Worrell, Prasad Shirvalkar, Edward Chang, Jens Volkmann, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Andrea A. Kühn, Luming Li, Matthew Johnson, Kevin J. Otto, Robert Raike, Steve Goetz, Chengyuan Wu, Peter Silburn, Binith Cheeran, Yagna J. Pathak, Mahsa Malekmohammadi, Aysegul Gunduz, Joshua K. Wong, Stephanie Cernera, Aparna Wagle Shukla, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Wissam Deeb, Addie Patterson, Kelly D. Foote & Michael S. Okun - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    We estimate that 208,000 deep brain stimulation devices have been implanted to address neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders worldwide. DBS Think Tank presenters pooled data and determined that DBS expanded in its scope and has been applied to multiple brain disorders in an effort to modulate neural circuitry. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 providing a space where clinicians, engineers, researchers from industry and academia discuss current and emerging DBS technologies and logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  23
    Equality and Diversity: Phenomenological Investigations of Prejudice and Discrimination.Michael D. Barber - 2001 - Humanity Books.
  5. Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Michael D. Resnik - 1997 - New York ;Oxford University Press.
    This book expounds a system of ideas about the nature of mathematics which Michael Resnik has been elaborating for a number of years. In calling mathematics a science he implies that it has a factual subject-matter and that mathematical knowledge is on a par with other scientific knowledge; in calling it a science of patterns he expresses his commitment to a structuralist philosophy of mathematics. He links this to a defense of realism about the metaphysics of mathematics--the view that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   223 citations  
  6.  5
    Introduction: The Languages of Scientists.Michael D. Gordin & Kostas Tampakis - 2015 - History of Science 53 (4):365-377.
    Much of the scholarship in the history of science has undervalued the significance of the debates around language choice and language use. After surveying various historiographical trends characterizing the relationship of science to language, this introduction explores the role of language-choice in nation-building, education, publication and transnational exchanges. It concludes with a brief summary of the four case studies in this special issue, which explore the German, Greek, English and Russian languages in the context of the sciences in nineteenth-century Europe.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  15
    Understanding Personality and Predicting Outcomes: The Utility of Cognitive-Behavioral Probes of Approach and Avoidance Motivation.Michael D. Robinson, Ryan L. Boyd & Tianwei Liu - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):303-307.
    Approach and avoidance motivation may represent important explanatory constructs in understanding how individuals differ. Such constructs have primarily been assessed in self-reported terms, but there are limitations to self-reports of motivation. Accordingly, the present review concentrates on the potential utility of implicit cognitive-behavioral probes of approach and avoidance motivation in modeling and understanding individual differences. The review summarizes multiple lines of research that have documented the utility of such probes to the personality-processing interface. Although multiple gaps in our knowledge exist, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  12
    Single Neuron Transcriptome Analysis Can Reveal More Than Cell Type Classification.Lise J. Harbom, William D. Chronister & Michael J. McConnell - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (2):157-161.
    A recent single cell mRNA sequencing study by Dueck et al. compares neuronal transcriptomes to the transcriptomes of adipocytes and cardiomyocytes. Single cell ‘omic approaches such as those used by the authors are at the leading edge of molecular and biophysical measurement. Many groups are currently employing single cell sequencing approaches to understand cellular heterogeneity in cancer and during normal development. These single cell approaches also are beginning to address long‐standing questions regarding nervous system diversity. Beyond an innate interest (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  37
    How to Determine the Boundaries of the Mind: A Markov Blanket Proposal.Michael D. Kirchhoff & Julian Kiverstein - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4791-4810.
    We develop a truism of commonsense psychology that perception and action constitute the boundaries of the mind. We do so however not on the basis of commonsense psychology, but by using the notion of a Markov blanket originally employed to describe the topological properties of causal networks. We employ the Markov blanket formalism to propose precise criteria for demarcating the boundaries of the mind that unlike other rival candidates for “marks of the cognitive” avoids begging the question in the extended (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  98
    Frege and the Philosophy of Mathematics.Michael D. Resnik - 1980 - Cornell University Press.
  11. Predictive Processing, Perceiving and Imagining: Is to Perceive to Imagine, or Something Close to It?Michael D. Kirchhoff - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (3):751-767.
    This paper examines the relationship between perceiving and imagining on the basis of predictive processing models in neuroscience. Contrary to the received view in philosophy of mind, which holds that perceiving and imagining are essentially distinct, these models depict perceiving and imagining as deeply unified and overlapping. It is argued that there are two mutually exclusive implications of taking perception and imagination to be fundamentally unified. The view defended is what I dub the ecological–enactive view given that it does not (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12.  14
    Science Without Numbers.Michael D. Resnik - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):514-519.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   164 citations  
  13. Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory.Michael D. Resnik - 1987 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
  14.  33
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation.Michael D. Resnik - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):139-140.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   148 citations  
  15. Holism and Horizon: Husserl and McDowell on Non-Conceptual Content.Michael D. Barber - 2008 - Husserl Studies 24 (2):79-97.
    John McDowell rejects the idea that non-conceptual content can rationally justify empirical claims—a task for which it is ill-fitted by its non-conceptual nature. This paper considers three possible objections to his views: he cannot distinguish empty conception from the perceptual experience of an object; perceptual discrimination outstrips the capacity of concepts to keep pace; and experience of the empirical world is more extensive than the conceptual focusing within it. While endorsing McDowell’s rejection of what he means by non-conceptual content, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  16.  20
    Frege in Perspective. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1990 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):893-895.
  17. Mathematics as a Science of Patterns: Ontology and Reference.Michael D. Resnik - 1981 - Noûs 15 (4):529-550.
  18. A Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training for Scientists: Preliminary Evidence of Training Effectiveness.Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport - 2008 - Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   74 citations  
  19.  52
    Event-Related Potentials and Recognition Memory.Michael D. Rugg & Tim Curran - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6):251-257.
  20. Learning to Listen: Epistemic Injustice and the Child.Michael D. Burroughs & Deborah Tollefsen - 2016 - Episteme 13 (3):359-377.
    In Epistemic Injustice Miranda Fricker argues that there is a distinctively epistemic type of injustice in which someone is wronged specifically in his or her capacity as a knower. Fricker's examples of identity-prejudicial credibility deficit primarily involve gender, race, and class, in which individuals are given less credibility due to prejudicial stereotypes. We argue that children, as a class, are also subject to testimonial injustice and receive less epistemic credibility than they deserve. To illustrate the prevalence of testimonial injustice against (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  21. Against the Minimalistic Reading of Epistemic Contextualism: A Reply to Wolfgang Freitag.Michael D. Ashfield - 2013 - Acta Analytica 28 (1):111-125.
    Several philosophers have argued that the factivity of knowledge poses a problem for epistemic contextualism (EC), which they have construed as a knowability problem. On a proposed minimalistic reading of EC’s commitments, Wolfgang Freitag argues that factivity yields no knowability problem for EC. I begin by explaining how factivity is thought to generate a contradiction out of paradigmatic contextualist cases on a certain reading of EC’s commitments. This reductio results in some kind of reflexivity problem for the contextualist when it (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  22. How Nominalist is Hartry Field's Nominalism?Michael D. Resnik - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 47 (2):163 - 181.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  23.  8
    Two Essays.Michael D. Moga - 2000 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 4 (2 & 3):255-282.
  24. Preaching Standards: Right or Wrong?Michael D. Allison - 1984 - [S.N.].
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  25
    Lloyd's Introduction to Jurisprudence.Michael D. A. Freeman - 1994 - Sweet & Maxwell.
    Previous ed. by : Lord Lloyd of Hampstead and M.D.A. Freeman.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  26.  5
    Contemporary Utilitarianism.Michael D. Bayles - 1968 - Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Books.
  27.  16
    Attuning to the World: The Diachronic Constitution of the Extended Conscious Mind.Michael D. Kirchhoff & Julian Kiverstein - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  28.  1
    Principal Components Analysis Using Data Collected From Healthy Individuals on Two Robotic Assessment Platforms Yields Similar Behavioral Patterns.Michael D. Wood, Leif E. R. Simmatis, Jill A. Jacobson, Sean P. Dukelow, J. Gordon Boyd & Stephen H. Scott - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    BackgroundKinarm Standard Tests is a suite of upper limb tasks to assess sensory, motor, and cognitive functions, which produces granular performance data that reflect spatial and temporal aspects of behavior. We have previously used principal component analysis to reduce the dimensionality of multivariate data using the Kinarm End-Point Lab. Here, we performed PCA using data from the Kinarm Exoskeleton Lab, and determined agreement of PCA results across EP and EXO platforms in healthy participants. We additionally examined whether further dimensionality reduction (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Second-Order Logic Still Wild.Michael D. Resnik - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):75-87.
  30.  68
    Articles: Validation of Ethical Decision Making Measures: Evidence for a New Set of Measures.Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport, Ryan P. Brown, Shane Connelly, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill & Alison L. Antes - 2006 - Ethics and Behavior 16 (4):319 – 345.
    Ethical decision making measures are widely applied as the principal dependent variable used in studies of research integrity. However, evidence bearing on the internal and external validity of these measures is not available. In this study, ethical decision making measures were administered to 102 graduate students in the biological, health, and social sciences, along with measures examining exposure to ethical breaches and the severity of punishments recommended. The ethical decision making measure was found to be related to exposure to ethical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  31. Ethical Hermeneutics: Rationality in Enrique Dussel's Philosophy of Liberation.Michael D. Barber - 1998 - Fordham University Press.
    The essence of Dussel's thought is presented through the concept of "ethical hermeneutics" which seeks to interpret reality from the viewpoint of what Emmanuel Levinas presents as the "other" - those who are vanquished, forgotten, or excluded from existent socio-political or cultural systems. Barber traces Dussel's development toward Levinas' philosophy through his discussion of the Hegelian dialectic and through the stages of Dussel's own ethical theory.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  32.  20
    Christian Theism and Moral Philosophy.Michael D. Beaty, Carlton D. Fisher & Mark T. Nelson (eds.) - 1998 - Mercer University Press.
    These essays exhibit explanation and argument regarding some of the possible answers to these fundamental questions in moral philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  17
    A Model of Knower‐Level Behavior in Number Concept Development.Michael D. Lee & Barbara W. Sarnecka - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (1):51-67.
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  34. Explanation, Independence and Realism in Mathematics.Michael D. Resnik & David Kushner - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):141-158.
  35. Holistic Realism: A Response to Katz on Holism and Intuition.Michael D. Resnik & Nicoletta Orlandi - 2003 - Philosophical Forum 34 (3-4):301-315.
  36.  88
    Strategies in Forecasting Outcomes in Ethical Decision-Making: Identifying and Analyzing the Causes of the Problem.Michael D. Mumford, Chase E. Thiel, Jared J. Caughron, Xiaoqian Wang, Alison L. Antes & Cheryl K. Stenmark - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):110-127.
    This study examined the role of key causal analysis strategies in forecasting and ethical decision-making. Undergraduate participants took on the role of the key actor in several ethical problems and were asked to identify and analyze the causes, forecast potential outcomes, and make a decision about each problem. Time pressure and analytic mindset were manipulated while participants worked through these problems. The results indicated that forecast quality was associated with decision ethicality, and the identification of the critical causes of the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  37. Epistemic Injustice and Epistemic Redlining.Michael D. Doan - 2017 - Ethics and Social Welfare 11 (2):177-190.
    The practice of Emergency Management in Michigan raises anew the question of whose knowledge matters to whom and for what reasons, against the background of what projects, challenges, and systemic imperatives. In this paper, I offer a historical overview of state intervention laws across the United States, focusing specifically on Michigan’s Emergency Manager laws. I draw on recent analyses of these laws to develop an account of a phenomenon that I call epistemic redlining, which, I suggest, is a form of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  82
    Environmental Influences on Ethical Decision Making: Climate and Environmental Predictors of Research Integrity.Michael D. Mumford, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ryan P. Brown & Lynn D. Devenport - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (4):337 – 366.
    It is commonly held that early career experiences influence ethical behavior. One way early career experiences might operate is to influence the decisions people make when presented with problems that raise ethical concerns. To test this proposition, 102 first-year doctoral students were asked to complete a series of measures examining ethical decision making along with a series of measures examining environmental experiences and climate perceptions. Factoring of the environmental measure yielded five dimensions: professional leadership, poor coping, lack of rewards, limited (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  39.  91
    Human Recognition Memory: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective.Michael D. Rugg & Andrew P. Yonelinas - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):313-319.
  40.  15
    Identifying Ethical Considerations for Machine Learning Healthcare Applications.Danton S. Char, Michael D. Abràmoff & Chris Feudtner - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (11):7-17.
    Along with potential benefits to healthcare delivery, machine learning healthcare applications raise a number of ethical concerns. Ethical evaluations of ML-HCAs will need to structure th...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  41.  6
    The Pseudoscience Wars: Immanuel Velikovsky and the Birth of the Modern Fringe.Michael D. Gordin - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Recounts the works of Immanuel Velikovsky and the controversies surrounding it, discussing his influence on the counterculture and debates with such luminaries as Carl Sagan.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  42.  17
    Aristotle's de Partibus Animalium I and De Generatione Animalium I.Michael D. Rohr - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (4):548-551.
  43.  96
    Mathematics as a Science of Patterns: Epistemology.Michael D. Resnik - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):95-105.
  44.  53
    Structures of Virtue as a Framework for Public Health Ethics.Michael D. Rozier - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):37-45.
    Virtue ethics has a rich history; yet, its application in health ethics has been minimal compared to other major ethical frameworks. Even more, its application to health policy and population-level questions has been almost nonexistent. A new concept in moral theology, structures of virtue, provides impetus for ethicists to consider how virtue ethics can be a valuable addition to existing frameworks in public health ethics. This article offers a basic overview of virtue ethics and its value for analysis of social (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  45. Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory.Michael D. Resnik - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):73-78.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  46.  13
    Serial Modules in Parallel: The Psychological Refractory Period and Perfect Time-Sharing.Michael D. Byrne & John R. Anderson - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (4):847-869.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  47.  22
    Evaluating Ethics Education Programs: A Multilevel Approach.Michael D. Mumford, Logan Steele & Logan L. Watts - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (1):37-60.
    Although education in the responsible conduct of research is considered necessary, evidence bearing on the effectiveness of these programs in improving research ethics has indicated that, although some programs are successful, many fail. Accordingly, there is a need for systematic evaluation of ethics education programs. In the present effort, we examine procedures for evaluation of ethics education programs from a multilevel perspective: examining both within-program evaluation and cross-program evaluation. With regard to within-program evaluation, we note requisite designs and measures for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  48.  34
    How Lysenkoism Became Pseudoscience: Dobzhansky to Velikovsky. [REVIEW]Michael D. Gordin - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):443 - 468.
    At some point in America in the 1940s, T. D. Lysenko's neo-Lamarckian hereditary theories transformed from a set of disputed doctrines into a prime exemplar of "pseudoscience." This paper explores the context in which this theory acquired this pejorative status by examining American efforts to refute Lysenkoism both before and after the famous August 1948 endorsement of Lysenko's doctrines by the Stalinist state, with particular attention to the translation efforts of Theodosius Dobzhansky. After enumerating numerous tactics for combating perceived pseudoscience, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  49.  16
    Gottlob Frege. [REVIEW]Michael D. Resnik - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (1):122-125.
  50.  8
    Is There a Case for Gamification in Business Ethics Education? An Empirical Study.Michael D. Baumtrog, Hilary Martin, Zahra Vahedi & Sahar Ahadi - 2019 - Teaching Ethics 19 (2):113-127.
    This study compares two uniquely developed tools for engaging undergraduate business ethics students in case discussions: paper-based cases and interactive digital games. The cases we developed address borderline instances of sexual harassment and racism in the workplace and were used to facilitate students’ affective appreciation of the content of course lectures and readings. The purpose of the study was to assess the relative effectiveness of these two tools as teaching aids in increasing affective learning. Pre- and post-test surveys thus focused (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000