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Michael R. Dietrich [36]Michael Dietrich [12]Michael Robert Dietrich [1]
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Michael Dietrich
Dartmouth College
Michael Dietrich
University of Pittsburgh
  1. The Origins of the Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution.Michael R. Dietrich - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):21-59.
  2.  41
    Paradox and Persuasion: Negotiating the Place of Molecular Evolution Within Evolutionary Biology. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):85 - 111.
  3.  78
    (Mis)Interpreting Mathematical Models: Drift as a Physical Process.Michael R. Dietrich, Robert A. Skipper Jr & Roberta L. Millstein - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604):e002.
    Recently, a number of philosophers of biology have endorsed views about random drift that, we will argue, rest on an implicit assumption that the meaning of concepts such as drift can be understood through an examination of the mathematical models in which drift appears. They also seem to implicitly assume that ontological questions about the causality of terms appearing in the models can be gleaned from the models alone. We will question these general assumptions by showing how the same equation (...)
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  4.  12
    How to Choose Your Research Organism.Michael R. Dietrich, Rachel A. Ankeny, Nathan Crowe, Sara Green & Sabina Leonelli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 80:101227.
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  5.  52
    Manipulating Underdetermination in Scientific Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (3):295-326.
    : Where there are cases of underdetermination in scientific controversies, such as the case of the molecular clock, scientists may direct the course and terms of dispute by playing off the multidimensional framework of theory evaluation. This is because assessment strategies themselves are underdetermined. Within the framework of assessment, there are a variety of trade-offs between different strategies as well as shifting emphases as specific strategies are given more or less weight in assessment situations. When a strategy is underdetermined, scientists (...)
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  6.  73
    Richard Goldschmidt's "Heresies" and the Evolutionary Synthesis.Michael R. Dietrich - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3):431-461.
  7.  29
    ‘Extreme’ Organisms and the Problem of Generalization: Interpreting the Krogh Principle.Sara Green, Michael R. Dietrich, Sabina Leonelli & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4):65.
    Many biologists appeal to the so-called Krogh principle when justifying their choice of experimental organisms. The principle states that “for a large number of problems there will be some animal of choice, or a few such animals, on which it can be most conveniently studied”. Despite its popularity, the principle is often critiqued for implying unwarranted generalizations from optimal models. We argue that the Krogh principle should be interpreted in relation to the historical and scientific contexts in which it has (...)
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  8. The Educated Eye Visual Culture and Pedagogy in the Life Sciences.Nancy Anderson & Michael R. Dietrich (eds.) - 2012 - Upne.
    A study of visual culture in the teaching of the life sciences.
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  9. The Role of Causal Processes in the Neutral and Nearly Neutral Theories.Michael R. Dietrich & Roberta L. Millstein - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):548-559.
    The neutral and nearly neutral theories of molecular evolution are sometimes characterized as theories about drift alone, where drift is described solely as an outcome, rather than a process. We argue, however, that both selection and drift, as causal processes, are integral parts of both theories. However, the nearly neutral theory explicitly recognizes alleles and/or molecular substitutions that, while engaging in weakly selected causal processes, exhibit outcomes thought to be characteristic of random drift. A narrow focus on outcomes obscures the (...)
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  10.  43
    Beyond the Boss and the Boys: Women and the Division of Labor in Drosophila Genetics in the United States, 1934–1970.Michael R. Dietrich & Brandi H. Tambasco - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):509-528.
    The vast network of Drosophila geneticists spawned by Thomas Hunt Morgan's fly room in the early 20th century has justifiably received a significant amount of scholarly attention. However, most accounts of the history of Drosophila genetics focus heavily on the "boss and the boys," rather than the many other laboratory groups which also included large numbers of women. Using demographic information extracted from the Drosophila Information Service directories from 1934 to 1970, we offer a profile of the gendered division of (...)
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  11.  46
    Reinventing Richard Goldschmidt: Reputation, Memory, and Biography. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (4):693 - 712.
    Richard Goldschmidt was one of the most controversial biologists of the mid-twentieth century. Rather than fade from view, Goldschmidt's work and reputation has persisted in the biological community long after he has. Goldschmidt's longevity is due in large part to how he was represented by Stephen J. Gould. When viewed from the perspective of the biographer, Gould's revival of Goldschmidt as an evolutionary heretic in the 1970s and 1980s represents a selective reinvention of Goldschmidt that provides a contrast to other (...)
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  12.  43
    Three Perspectives on Neutrality and Drift in Molecular Evolution.Michael R. Dietrich - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):666-677.
    This article offers three contrasting cases of the use of neutrality and drift in molecular evolution. In the first, neutrality is assumed as a simplest case for modeling. In the second and third, concepts of drift and neutrality are developed within the context of population genetics testing and the development and application of the molecular clock.
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  13.  63
    Monte Carlo Experiments and the Defense of Diffusion Models in Molecular Population Genetics.Michael R. Dietrich - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (3):339-356.
    In the 1960s molecular population geneticists used Monte Carlo experiments to evaluate particular diffusion equation models. In this paper I examine the nature of this comparative evaluation and argue for three claims: first, Monte Carlo experiments are genuine experiments: second, Monte Carlo experiments can provide an important meansfor evaluating the adequacy of highly idealized theoretical models; and, third, the evaluation of the computational adequacy of a diffusion model with Monte Carlo experiments is significantlydifferent from the evaluation of the emperical adequacy (...)
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  14.  12
    Duhem’s Problem Revisited: Logical Versus Epistemic Formulations and Solutions.Michael Dietrich & Phillip Honenberger - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):337-354.
    When the results of an experiment appears to disconfirm a hypothesis, how does one know whether it’s the hypothesis, or rather some auxiliary hypothesis or assumption, that is at fault? Philosophers’ answers to this question, now known as “Duhem’s problem,” have differed widely. Despite these differences, we affirm Duhem’s original position that the logical structure of this problem alone does not allow a solution. A survey of philosophical approaches to Duhem’s problem indicates that what allows any philosopher, or scientists for (...)
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  15.  22
    Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology.Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.) - 2008 - Yale University Press.
    This book is the first devoted to modern biology's innovators and iconoclasts: men and women who challenged prevailing notions in their fields.
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  16.  31
    MicroRNAs and Metazoan Macroevolution: Insights Into Canalization, Complexity, and the Cambrian Explosion.Kevin J. Peterson, Michael R. Dietrich & Mark A. McPeek - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (7):736-747.
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  17.  7
    The Diversification of Developmental Biology.Nathan Crowe, Michael R. Dietrich, Beverly S. Alomepe, Amelia F. Antrim, Bay Lauris ByrneSim & Yi He - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 53:1-15.
  18.  22
    Of Moths and Men: Theo Lang and the Persistence of Richard Goldschmidt's Theory of Homosexuality, 1916-1960.Michael R. Dietrich - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):219 - 247.
    Using an analogy between moths and men, in 1916, Richard Goldschmidt proposed that homosexuality was a case of genetic intersexuality. As he strove to create a unified theory of sex determination that would encompass animals ranging from moths to men, Goldschmidt's doubts grew concerning the association of homosexuality with intersexuality until, in 1931, he dropped homosexuality from his theory of intersexuality. Despite Goldschmidt's explicit rejection of his theory of homosexuality, Theo Lang, a researcher in the Genealogical-Demographic Department of the Institute (...)
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  19.  9
    Inaugurating the Everett Mendelsohn Prize.Michael Dietrich - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (1):1-2.
  20.  4
    Experimenting with Sex: Four Approaches to the Genetics of Sex Reversal Before 1950.Michael R. Dietrich - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (1):23-41.
    In the early twentieth century, Tatsuo Aida in Japan, Øjvind Winge in Denmark, Richard Goldschmidt in Germany, and Calvin Bridges in the United States all developed different experimental systems to study the genetics of sex reversal. These locally specific experimental systems grounded these experimenters’ understanding of sex reversal as well as their interpretation of claims regarding experimental results and theories. The comparison of four researchers and their experimental systems reveals how those different systems mediated their understanding of genetic phenomena, and (...)
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  21.  10
    A Shifting Terrain: A Brief History of the Adaptive Landscape.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper Jr - 2012 - In E. Svensson & R. Calsbeek (eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press.
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  22. Microevolution and Macroevolution Are Governed by the Same Processes.Michael R. Dietrich - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  23.  2
    Underdetermination and the Limits of Interpretive Flexibility.Michael R. Dietrich - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1 (1):109-126.
  24.  7
    The Journal of the History of Biology at 50.Michael Dietrich - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (1):1-2.
  25.  8
    Introduction: Revisiting Garland Allen’s Views on the History of the Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century.Michael Dietrich - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (4):581-582.
  26.  21
    On the Mutability of Genes and Geneticists: The" Americanization" of Richard Goldschmidt and Victor Jollos.Michael R. Dietrich - 1996 - Perspectives on Science 4 (3):321-345.
    Throughout the 1930s two of Germany’s most senior geneticists were caught up in controversy as they tried to enter the distinctly American culture of Drosophila genetics. When Richard Goldschmidt and Victor Jollos were forced by the Nazis to leave Germany in 1936 and 1933, respectively, this type of conflict intensified. The experiences of Goldschmidt and Jollos as émigré scientists are interpreted in terms of a conflict of scientific styles of thought. Their Americanization, I claim, involved the modification of their scientific (...)
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  27. Biology Outside the Box: Boundary Crossers and Innovation in Biology.Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.) - forthcoming - Chicago University Press.
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  28.  2
    Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences.Oren Harman & Michael R. Dietrich (eds.) - 2018 - University of Chicago Press.
    What are the conditions that foster true novelty and allow visionaries to set their eyes on unknown horizons? What have been the challenges that have spawned new innovations, and how have they shaped modern biology? In Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences, editors Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich explore these questions through the lives of eighteen exemplary biologists who had grand and often radical ideas that went far beyond the run-of-the-mill science of their peers. From the Frenchman (...)
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  29. Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology.Oren Harman & Michael R. Dietrich - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):192-194.
     
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  30. Book Reviews-an American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society.Jennifer Terry & Michael R. Dietrich - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):446-448.
  31.  34
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael R. Dietrich - 1994 - Teaching Philosophy 17 (4):375-377.
  32.  24
    Representing the Object of Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock.Michael R. Dietrich - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):161 - 176.
    Through a case study of the controversies surrounding the molecular clock, this paper examines the role of visual representation in the dynamics of scientific controversies. Representations of the molecular clock themselves became objects of controversy and so were not a means for closure. Instead visual representations of the molecular clock became tools for the further articulation of an ongoing controversy.
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  33.  3
    In Memory of Paul Farber (1944–2021), Third Editor of the Journal of the History of Biology.Jane Maienschein, Garland E. Allen, Michael Dietrich, Everett Mendelsohn, Marsha Richmond & Karen Rader - 2021 - Journal of the History of Biology 54 (4):549-550.
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  34.  13
    Jody Hey, Genes, Categories, and Species: The Evolutionary and Cognitive Causes of the Species Problem. Oxford: Oxford University Press , Xvii+217pp., $54.50. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):619-620.
  35.  22
    Two Men Who Invented Genetics.Michael R. Dietrich - 2005 - Minerva 43 (4):429-433.
  36.  11
    Looking Toward the Next Fifty Years at the Journal of the History of Biology.Michael Dietrich - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (4):689-690.
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  37.  13
    Gregor Mendel: The First Geneticist. Vitezslav Orel, Stephen Finn.Michael R. Dietrich - 1998 - Isis 89 (1):143-144.
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  38.  13
    Leah Ceccarelli. Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrödinger, and Wilson. Xi + 204 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. $20. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Isis 95 (3):470-471.
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  39.  7
    Parsing Postgenomics.Michael R. Dietrich - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:158-160.
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  40.  14
    Darwinian Evolution Across the Disciplines.Michael R. Dietrich, C. Robertson McClung & Mark A. McPeek - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):339 - 340.
  41.  16
    Book Review: Elof Axel Carlson, Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):590-591.
  42.  3
    The First Everett Mendelsohn Prize.Michael Dietrich - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (1):3-4.
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  43.  4
    Editorial Introduction.Michael R. Dietrich - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (1):1-1.
  44.  4
    Review of Hey. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):619-620.
  45.  3
    Gregor Mendel: The First Geneticist by Vitezslav Orel; Stephen Finn. [REVIEW]Michael Dietrich - 1998 - Isis 89:143-144.
  46.  3
    Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrödinger, and Wilson. [REVIEW]Michael Dietrich - 2004 - Isis 95:470-471.
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  47.  3
    Book Review: Elof Axel Carlson,(Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2004), Xix+ 332 Pp, Illus., $45.00. [REVIEW]Michael R. Dietrich - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):590-591.
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