Results for 'Michael E. Cuffaro'

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  1. Kant's Views on Non-Euclidean Geometry.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2012 - Proceedings of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics 25:42-54.
    Kant's arguments for the synthetic a priori status of geometry are generally taken to have been refuted by the development of non-Euclidean geometries. Recently, however, some philosophers have argued that, on the contrary, the development of non-Euclidean geometry has confirmed Kant's views, for since a demonstration of the consistency of non-Euclidean geometry depends on a demonstration of its equi-consistency with Euclidean geometry, one need only show that the axioms of Euclidean geometry have 'intuitive content' in order to show that both (...)
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  2. On the Significance of the Gottesman–Knill Theorem.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1):91-121.
    According to the Gottesman–Knill theorem, quantum algorithms that utilize only the operations belonging to a certain restricted set are efficiently simulable classically. Since some of the operations in this set generate entangled states, it is commonly concluded that entanglement is insufficient to enable quantum computers to outperform classical computers. I argue in this article that this conclusion is misleading. First, the statement of the theorem is, on reflection, already evident when we consider Bell’s and related inequalities in the context of (...)
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  3.  57
    Physical Perspectives on Computation, Computational Perspectives on Physics.Michael E. Cuffaro & Samuel C. Fletcher (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although computation and the science of physical systems would appear to be unrelated, there are a number of ways in which computational and physical concepts can be brought together in ways that illuminate both. This volume examines fundamental questions which connect scholars from both disciplines: is the universe a computer? Can a universal computing machine simulate every physical process? What is the source of the computational power of quantum computers? Are computational approaches to solving physical problems and paradoxes always fruitful? (...)
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  4. How-Possibly Explanations in (Quantum) Computer Science.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):737-748.
    A primary goal of quantum computer science is to find an explanation for the fact that quantum computers are more powerful than classical computers. In this paper I argue that to answer this question is to compare algorithmic processes of various kinds and to describe the possibility spaces associated with these processes. By doing this, we explain how it is possible for one process to outperform its rival. Further, in this and similar examples little is gained in subsequently asking a (...)
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  5. Many Worlds, the Cluster-State Quantum Computer, and the Problem of the Preferred Basis.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (1):35-42.
    I argue that the many worlds explanation of quantum computation is not licensed by, and in fact is conceptually inferior to, the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics from which it is derived. I argue that the many worlds explanation of quantum computation is incompatible with the recently developed cluster state model of quantum computation. Based on these considerations I conclude that we should reject the many worlds explanation of quantum computation.
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  6.  25
    Information Causality, the Tsirelson Bound, and the 'Being-Thus' of Things.Michael E. Cuffaro - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    The principle of 'information causality' can be used to derive an upper bound---known as the 'Tsirelson bound'---on the strength of quantum mechanical correlations, and has been conjectured to be a foundational principle of nature. In this paper, however, I argue that the principle has not to date been sufficiently motivated to play this role; the motivations that have so far been given are either unsatisfactorily vague or else amount to little more than an appeal to intuition. I then consider how (...)
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  7.  85
    Reconsidering No-Go Theorems From a Practical Perspective.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (3):633-655.
    I argue that our judgements regarding the locally causal models that are compatible with a given constraint implicitly depend, in part, on the context of inquiry. It follows from this that certain quantum no-go theorems, which are particularly striking in the traditional foundational context, have no force when the context switches to a discussion of the physical systems we are capable of building with the aim of classically reproducing quantum statistics. I close with a general discussion of the possible implications (...)
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  8. On the Debate Concerning the Proper Characterization of Quantum Dynamical Evolution.Michael E. Cuffaro & Wayne C. Myrvold - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1125-1136.
    There has been a long-standing and sometimes passionate debate between physicists over whether a dynamical framework for quantum systems should incorporate not completely positive (NCP) maps in addition to completely positive (CP) maps. Despite the reasonableness of the arguments for complete positivity, we argue that NCP maps should be allowed, with a qualification: these should be understood, not as reflecting ‘not completely positive’ evolution, but as linear extensions, to a system’s entire state space, of CP maps that are only partially (...)
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  9. Kant and Frege on Existence and the Ontological Argument.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2012 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (4):337-354.
    I argue that Kant's and Frege's refutations of the ontological argument are more similar than has generally been acknowledged. As I clarify, for both Kant and Frege, to say that something exists is to assert of a concept that it is instantiated. With such an assertion one expresses that there is a particular relation between the instantiating object and a rational subject - a particular mode of presentation for the object in question. By its very nature such a relation cannot (...)
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  10. On the Physical Explanation for Quantum Computational Speedup.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2013 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    The aim of this dissertation is to clarify the debate over the explanation of quantum speedup and to submit, for the reader's consideration, a tentative resolution to it. In particular, I argue, in this dissertation, that the physical explanation for quantum speedup is precisely the fact that the phenomenon of quantum entanglement enables a quantum computer to fully exploit the representational capacity of Hilbert space. This is impossible for classical systems, joint states of which must always be representable as product (...)
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  11. Wittgenstein on Prior Probabilities.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2010 - Proceedings of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics 23:85-98.
    Wittgenstein did not write very much on the topic of probability. The little we have comes from a few short pages of the Tractatus, some 'remarks' from the 1930s, and the informal conversations which went on during that decade with the Vienna Circle. Nevertheless, Wittgenstein's views were highly influential in the later development of the logical theory of probability. This paper will attempt to clarify and defend Wittgenstein's conception of probability against some oft-cited criticisms that stem from a misunderstanding of (...)
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  12. Review Of: Christopher G. Timpson, Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW]Michael E. Cuffaro - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (4):681-684,.
  13.  36
    Kantian and Neo-Kantian First Principles for Physical and Metaphysical Cognition.Michael E. Cuffaro - manuscript
    I argue that Immanuel Kant's critical philosophy—in particular the doctrine of transcendental idealism which grounds it—is best understood as an `epistemic' or `metaphilosophical' doctrine. As such it aims to show how one may engage in the natural sciences and in metaphysics under the restriction that certain conditions are imposed on our cognition of objects. Underlying Kant's doctrine, however, is an ontological posit, of a sort, regarding the fundamental nature of our cognition. This posit, sometimes called the `discursivity thesis', while considered (...)
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  14.  92
    Quantum Computing.Amit Hagar & Michael Cuffaro - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Combining physics, mathematics and computer science, quantum computing and its sister discipline of quantum information have developed in the past few decades from visionary ideas to two of the most fascinating areas of quantum theory. General interest and excitement in quantum computing was initially triggered by Peter Shor (1994) who showed how a quantum algorithm could exponentially “speed-up” classical computation and factor large numbers into primes far more efficiently than any (known) classical algorithm. Shor’s algorithm was soon followed by several (...)
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  15.  19
    A Great Citizen of the Republic of Science: Michael Polanyi, 1892–1976. [REVIEW]S. E. - 1976 - Minerva 14 (1):1-5.
  16. National Center for Biomedical Ontology: Advancing Biomedicine Through Structured Organization of Scientific Knowledge.Daniel L. Rubin, Suzanna E. Lewis, Chris J. Mungall, Misra Sima, Westerfield Monte, Ashburner Michael, Christopher G. Chute, Ida Sim, Harold Solbrig, M. A. Storey, Barry Smith, John D. Richter, Natasha Noy & Mark A. Musen - 2006 - Omics: A Journal of Integrative Biology 10 (2):185-198.
    The National Center for Biomedical Ontology is a consortium that comprises leading informaticians, biologists, clinicians, and ontologists, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap, to develop innovative technology and methods that allow scientists to record, manage, and disseminate biomedical information and knowledge in machine-processable form. The goals of the Center are (1) to help unify the divergent and isolated efforts in ontology development by promoting high quality open-source, standards-based tools to create, manage, and use ontologies, (2) to create (...)
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  17.  25
    Essays in Phenomenology. [REVIEW]A. R. E. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):739-739.
    The essays in this volume are certainly first rate, as is Natanson's introduction, which attempts to outline the more salient features of phenomenology as a method for philosophy and a philosophical evaluation of the other sciences. Included are Erwin Straus' "The Upright Posture," a translation of Sartre's "Faces" and "Official Portraits," Schutz's "Some Leading Concepts of Phenomenology," and Spiegelberg's "How Subjective is Phenomenology?" A balance between actual phenomenological analyses and historical and critical evaluations of phenomenology itself is attempted and achieved. (...)
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  18.  46
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.E. Gorman Michael, H. Werhane Patricia & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  19.  16
    Shared Intention.E. Bratman Michael - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 104.
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  20.  13
    Kagan On'the Appeal to Cost'.E. Bratman Michael - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 104.
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  21. Human and Inhuman Geography: An Autocritique--A Journey Through the Corridors of Positivism and the Collective Discovery of an Altogether Different Harmony.Eliot Hurst & E. Michael - 1981 - Geography Dept., University of New England.
     
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  22. James Somerville, The Enigmatic Parting Shot: What Was Hume's Answer to Dr Reid and to That Bigotted Silly Fellow, Beatie?E. Michael - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (3):499-501.
  23. Plans and Resource-Bounded Practical Reasoning.E. B. Michael, I. David & P. Martha - 1991 - In Robert C. Cummins (ed.), Philosophy and Ai. Cambridge: MIT Press.
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  24. Dimostrazioni E Significato Michael Dummett - Dag Prawitz - Per Martin-Löf.Enrico Moriconi - 1993
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  25. Eclipse of the Self the Development of Heidegger's Concept of Authenticity /Michael E. Zimmerman. --. --.Michael E. Zimmerman - 1982 - Ohio University Press,, C1981 1982.
     
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  26.  30
    Michael E. Bratman, Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. ISBN 9780199339990, $29.95, Pbk.Steven Weimer - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (2):489-493.
    In Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together, Michael Bratman refines, systematizes, and defends his “planning theory” of shared agency, various elements of which were sketched in a series of earlier essays on the topic. The book is analytically rigorous and fairly technical at points, but organized and written with extraordinary clarity. It represents a valuable contribution to the literature on shared intention and joint activity, and is essential reading for philosophers working in that area.Bratman takes as his (...)
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  27. Michael E. Zimmerman Contesting Earth's Future.A. E. Gare - 1997 - Environmental Values 6:113-114.
     
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  28.  22
    Voluntarismo E Cognitivismo: A Crítica de Michael Sandel Ao Contratualismo de Rawls.Rafael Rodrigues Pereira - 2017 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 58 (136):185-202.
    RESUMO O objetivo deste artigo é o de ilustrar a oposição dos comunitaristas ao contratualismo, a partir da análise de um caso específico: a crítica de Michael Sandel ao voluntarismo contido na teoria de Rawls. Sandel chama de "voluntarismo" a tese pela qual princípios políticos e morais se legitimam a partir de um exercício da vontade individual, sob a forma da "escolha" ou do "consentimento". Esta tese, como procuraremos argumentar, está na base do contratualismo moderno, embora somente em Rawls (...)
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  29.  19
    Michael Löwy: marxismo e crítica da modernidade - Resenha.Py Fábio - 2016 - Horizonte 14 (44):1659-1664.
    Livro QUERIDO, Fábio Mascaro. Michael Löwy: marxismo e crítica da modernidade. São Paulo: Boitempo; Fapesp, 2016. 199p. ISBN 978-85-7559-483-4.
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  30.  35
    LÖWY, Michael. Romantismo e messianismo: ensaios sobre Lukács e Walter Benjamin.Fabio Py Murta de Almeida - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (30):808-813.
    Resenha LÖWY, Michael. Romantismo e messianismo : ensaios sobre Lukács e Walter Benjamin. Trad. Myriam Vera Baptista e Magdalena Pizante Baptista, 2. ed. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 2012. 213p.
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  31.  19
    The Chronographia of Michael Psellus, Translated From the Greek by E. R. A. Sewter. With an Introduction by ProfessorJ. M. Hussey. Pp. Viii + 320. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1953. 30s. [REVIEW]R. J. H. Jenkins, Michael Psellus & E. R. A. Sewter - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:204-204.
  32. Michael Walzer E as Esferas da Justiça Fundamentais: Educação E Cidadania Na Constituição Das Sociedades Democráticas Justas.Ricardo Araujo - 2020 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 24 (2).
    O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar, segundo a teoria da justiça de Michael Walzer, o papel fundamental que as esferas da educação e da cidadania, em sua recíproca sustentação, devem representar para a obtenção de uma sociedade democrática justa. Para isto, será feita uma apresentação daquela teoria com uma reconstrução dos seus conceitos básicos. Após, será mostrado porque a cidadania e o Estado precisariam ser fortalecidos muito acima do padrão habitual das democracias existentes para cumprir adequadamente tal papel. Por (...)
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  33. Michael E. Bratman: Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together: New York, Oxford University Press USA, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-190-933999-0, 240 Pages, £ 19.99.Andras Szigeti - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (5):1101-1104.
    If you have ever had to move house, you will know this: the worst part is the sofa. You cannot do it alone. Nor will it be enough for me to just lift one end waiting for you to lift the other. We will have to work together to get the job done. If spaces are tight, we will even have to find a practical solution to a tantalizing mathematical puzzle: the moving sofa problem.Joint actions like that are part and (...)
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  34.  68
    Michael E. Bratman, Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Pp. 288. $59.95 ; $18.95. [REVIEW]Alfred R. Mele - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):400-403.
  35. Reply to Michael E. Bratman.Harry Frankfurt - 2002 - In Sarah Buss & Lee Overton (eds.), Contours of Agency: Essays on Themes From Harry Frankfurt. Mit Press, Bradford Books. pp. 85--90.
  36. Book Reviews : Veritatis Splendor: American Responses, Edited by Michael E. Allsopp, John J. O'Keefe. New York: Sheed & Ward, 1995. 313 Pp. Pb US$19.95. [REVIEW]C. Kaczor - 1997 - Studies in Christian Ethics 10 (2):86-87.
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  37.  61
    Michael E. Hobart, "Science and Religion in the Thought of Nicolas Malebranche". [REVIEW]Richard A. Watson - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):570.
  38. Comments. Morality and the Logic of Caring / Christine M. Korsgaard ; a Thoughtful and Reasonable Stability / Michael E. Bratman ; Socializing Harry. [REVIEW]Meir Dan-Cohen - 2006 - In Harry G. Frankfurt (ed.), Taking Ourselves Seriously & Getting It Right. Stanford University Press.
  39.  44
    Michael E. Zimmerman, "Eclipse of the Self: The Development of Heidegger's Concept of Authenticity". [REVIEW]Charles M. Sherover - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (2):268.
  40. Heidegger's Confrontation with Modernity: Technology, Politics, and Art by Michael E. Zimmerman. [REVIEW]Albert Borgmann - 1992 - Isis 83:166-167.
     
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  41.  25
    Metaphysics and the Mind-Body Problem. Michael E. Levin.William G. Lycan - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):142-144.
  42. Michael E. Gorman, Simulating Science: Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking Reviewed By.Steve Fuller - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (6):396-398.
     
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  43.  44
    Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together, by Bratman, Michael E.: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, Pp. Xi + 219, $29.95. [REVIEW]Andrea C. Westlund - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):822-825.
  44.  43
    The Middle of History: Liberalism and International Relations The Liberal Moment: Modernity, Security, and the Making of the Postwar International Order, Robert Latham , 296 Pp., $49.50 Cloth, $18.50 Paper. Debating the Democratic Peace: An International Security Reader, Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller, Eds. , 379 Pp., $18.00 Paper. The Elements of World Order: Essays on International Politics, Louis J. Halle, Edited by Kenneth W. Thompson , 320 Pp., $52.50 Cloth, $32.50 Paper. [REVIEW]Cathal J. Nolan - 1998 - Ethics and International Affairs 12:208-212.
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  45.  42
    Michael E. Stone, Dickran Kouymjian, and Henning Lehmann, Album of Armenian Paleography. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2002. Pp. 554; Many Black-and-White and Color Figures and Tables. [REVIEW]James R. Russell - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):278-279.
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    Renewing Christian Ethics: The Catholic Tradition, by Michael E. Allsopp.Albert Moraczewski - 2007 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (4):833-835.
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    Miracles and Wonders: The Development of the Concept of Miracle, 1150-1350. Michael E. Goodich.Mary Dzon - 2009 - Speculum 84 (1):146-148.
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  48.  61
    Book Review:Intention, Plans and Practical Reason. Michael E. Bratman. [REVIEW]Frederick Adams - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):198-.
  49.  25
    From Birth to Old Age: The Human Life Cycle in Medieval Thought, 1250- 1350.Michael E. Goodich.Charles M. Radding - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):155-156.
  50.  25
    The Armenian Inscriptions From the Sinai. Michael E. Stone.R. Thomson - 1984 - Speculum 59 (3):701-702.
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