Results for 'Michael E. Gorman'

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  1.  51
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.E. Gorman Michael, H. Werhane Patricia & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  2. Michael E. Gorman, Simulating Science: Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking Reviewed By.Steve Fuller - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (6):396-398.
  3.  40
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.Michael E. Gorman, Patricia H. Werhane & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  4.  43
    Trading Zones, Moral Imagination and Socially Sensitive Computing.Michael E. Gorman - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):89-97.
    As computating technologies become ubiquitous and at least partly autonomous, they will have increasing impact on societies, both in the developed and developing worlds. This article outlines a framework for guiding emerging technologies in directions that promise social as well as technical progress. Multiple stakeholders will have to be engaged in dialogues over new technological directions, forming trading zones in which knowledge and resources are exchanged. Such discussions will have to incorporate cultural and individual values.
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  5. Ethical and Environmental Challenges to Engineering.Michael E. Gorman, Matthew M. Mehalik & Patricia Hogue Werhane - 2000
     
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  6.  22
    Societal Dimensions of Nanotechnology as a Trading Zone: Results From a Pilot Project.Michael E. Gorman, James F. Groves & Jeff Shrager - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 63--77.
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  7.  27
    Confirmation, Disconfirmation, and Invention: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (1):31 – 53.
  8.  12
    Using History to Teach Invention and Design: The Case of the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman & J. Kirby Robinson - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (2):173-201.
  9.  1
    Interpreting Invention as a Cognitive Process: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, and the Telephone.W. Bernard Carlson & Michael E. Gorman - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (2):131-164.
    Historians of technology have provided important accounts of technological innovation, but they rarely employ concepts which permit a rigorous analysis ofinvention as a mental or cognitive process. This article seeks to address this theoretical lacuna by using concepts adapted from cognitive psychology to compare the mental processes of two telephone inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison. Specifically, we suggest that invention may be seen as a process in which inventors combine ideas with objects, or what we call mental models (...)
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  10. Levels of Expertise and Trading Zones: Combining Cognitive and Social Approaches to Technology Studies.Michael E. Gorman - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum. pp. 287--302.
     
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  11.  25
    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
    This article reviews the public health and environmental regulations applicable to nanotechnology using a life cycle model from basic research through end-of-life for products. Given nanotechnology's immense promise and public investment, regulations are important, balancing risk with the public good. Trading zones and earth systems engineering management assist in explaining potential solutions to gaps in an otherwise complex, overlapping regulatory system.
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  12.  16
    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
    Productive work on societal implications needs to be engaged with the research from the start. Ethicists need to go into the lab to understand what's possible. Scientists and engineers need to engage with humanists to start thinking about this aspect of their work. Only thus, working together in dialog, will we make genuine progress on the societal and ethical issues that nanotechnology poses.Davis Baird, in testimony before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, May 1, 2003Federal funding of the (...)
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  13.  27
    Doing Science, Technology and Society in the National Science Foundation: Commentary On: “Engaged, Embedded, Enjoined: Science and Technology Studies in the National Science Foundation”.Michael E. Gorman - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):839-849.
    The author describes his efforts to become a participant observer while he was a Program Director at the NSF. He describes his plans for keeping track of his reflections and his goals before he arrived at NSF, then includes sections from his reflective diary and comments after he had completed his two-year rotation. The influx of rotators means the NSF has to be an adaptive, learning organization but there are bureaucratic obstacles in the way.
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  14.  1
    Turning Good Into Gold: A Comparative Study of Two Environmental Invention Networks.Matthew M. Mehalik & Michael E. Gorman - 2002 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 27 (4):499-529.
    This article proposes three states in an actor-network and a global/local distinction among actants. This theoretical framework is applied to two invention networks: one created by an inventor of solar heating systems and another created by a designer who wanted to create an environmentally sustainable furniture fabric. Both solar inventor and fabric designer wanted to develop technologies that would improve the environment and also make money. The article concludes by considering whether invention networks that intend to turn “good into gold” (...)
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  15. Error and Scientific Reasoning.Michael E. Gorman - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  16.  19
    Simulating Science: Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking. Michael E. Gorman[REVIEW]Stephen Downes - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):195-197.
  17. Error and Scientific Reasoning: An Experimental Inquiry.Michael E. Gorman - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 13--41.
  18.  7
    A. Jean Ayres and the Development of Sensory Integration: A Case Study in the Development and Fragmentation of a Scientific Therapy Network.Michael E. Gorman & Nora H. Kashani - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (2):107-129.
    Jean Ayres invented Sensory Integration for children experiencing learning and social difficulties because, according to Ayres, they could not adequately integrate information from multiple sensory modalities. She established a scientific basis for her identification of children with sensory integrative difficulties, using statistical techniques to identify symptoms and neuroscience to determine a cause. She was an unusually reflective practitioner who catalyzed a community of practice around SI without becoming a guru—indeed, she encouraged her students to come up with their own ideas (...)
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  19.  8
    Imaginative Design Challenges to “Do We Consume Too Much?”.Michael E. Gorman - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2:135-141.
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  20.  19
    The Emperor's New Epistemology.Lissa Roberts & Michael E. Gorman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):743-744.
  21. A Framework for Strategic Network Design Assessment, Decision Making, and Moral Imagination.Michael E. Gorman & Matthew M. Mehalik - 2006 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 31 (3):289-308.
    This article presents a framework for practitioners who may be interested in maintaining adaptive stability of sociotechnical networks. The framework is developed from assembling several concepts that are useful for assessing and for drawing on appropriate moral reasoning strategies as sociotechnical networks are designed, constructed, and adapted. One such strategy involves the ability to assess degrees of perspective sharing and trading relationships in networks using moral imagination. The article uses the case of the design of an environmentally sustainable fabric to (...)
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  22.  12
    Alexander Graham Bell: Making Connections. Naomi Pasachoff.Michael E. Gorman - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):611-612.
  23.  7
    Cognition, Environment and the Collapse of Civilizations.Michael E. Gorman - 2007 - In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer. pp. 217--227.
  24.  24
    Heuristics in Technoscientific Thinking.Michael E. Gorman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):752-752.
    This review of Gigerenzer, Todd, and the ABC Research Group's Simple heuristics that make us smart focuses on the role of heuristics in discovery, invention, and hypothesis-testing and concludes with a comment on the role of heuristics in population growth.
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  25.  68
    Heuristics, Moral Imagination, and the Future of Technology.Michael E. Gorman - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):551-551.
    Successful application of heuristics depends on how a problem is represented, mentally. Moral imagination is a good technique for reflecting on, and sharing, mental representations of ethical dilemmas, including those involving emerging technologies. Future research on moral heuristics should use more ecologically valid problems and combine quantitative and qualitative methods.
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  26.  34
    Imaginative Design Challenges to “Do We Consume Too Much?”.Michael E. Gorman - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2000:135-141.
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  27.  27
    Implicit Knowledge in Engineering Judgment and Scientific Reasoning.Michael E. Gorman - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):767-768.
    Dienes & Perner's theoretical framework should be applicable to two related areas: technological innovation and the psychology of scientific reasoning. For the former, this commentary focuses on the example of nuclear weapon design, and on the decision to launch the space shuttle Challenger. For the latter, this commentary focuses on Klayman and Ha's positive test heuristic and the invention of the telephone.
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  28.  62
    Introduction to Cognition in Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):675-685.
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  29.  7
    Psychology of Science.Michael E. Gorman - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 4--50.
  30.  9
    Replication, Reliability and Peer Review: A Case Study.Michael E. Gorman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):149-149.
  31. Simulating Social Epistemology-Experimental and Computational Approaches.Michael E. Gorman - 1992 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15:400-426.
  32. The Future of Cognitive Studies of Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman, Ryan D. Tweney, David C. Gooding & Alexandra P. Kincannon - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum.
     
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  33.  54
    Trading Zones, Interactional Expertise, and Future Research in Cognitive Psychology of Science.Michael E. Gorman - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):96-100.
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  34.  18
    Using Expert Elicitation to Prioritize Resource Allocation for Risk Identification for Nanosilver.Emma Fauss, Michael E. Gorman & Nathan Swami - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):770-780.
    This article introduces a method to identify risks through expert elicitation, using silver nanotechnology as a case study. Unique features of the method include supplying experts with a list of silver nanotechnology products, and conducting the elicitation in an extended interview format that captures the experts' reasoning. The end result is a series of graphical representations of expert thinking from which high-risk scenarios and knowledge gaps can be reliably inferred. This methodology, combined with other approaches to expert elicitation, can help (...)
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  35.  20
    Acquisition of T-Shaped Expertise: An Exploratory Study.Shannon Nicole Conley, Rider W. Foley, Michael E. Gorman, Jessica Denham & Kevin Coleman - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (2):165-183.
    Disciplinary boundaries become increasingly unclear when grappling with “wicked problems,” which present a complex set of policy, cultural, technological, and scientific dimensions. “T-shaped” professionals, i.e. individuals with a depth and breadth of expertise, are being called upon to play a critical role in complex problem-solving. This paper unpacks the notion of the “T-shaped expert” and seeks to situate it within the broader academic literature on expertise, integration, and developmental learning. A component of this project includes an exploratory study, which is (...)
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  36. The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy.George G. Brenkert, Donald A. Brown, Rogene A. Buchholz, Herman E. Daly, Richard Dodd, R. Edward Freeman, Eric T. Freyfogle, R. Goodland, Michael E. Gorman, Andrea Larson, John Lemons, Don Mayer, William McDonough, Matthew M. Mehalik, Ernest Partridge, Jessica Pierce, William E. Rees, Joel E. Reichart, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Mark Sagoff, Julian L. Simon, Scott Sonenshein & Wendy Warren - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    At the forefront of international concerns about global legislation and regulation, a host of noted environmentalists and business ethicists examine ethical issues in consumption from the points of view of environmental sustainability, economic development, and free enterprise.
     
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  37.  3
    The Moral Imagination of Patricia Werhane: A Festschrift.R. Edward Freeman, Sergiy Dmytriyev, Andrew C. Wicks, James R. Freeland, Richard T. De George, Norman E. Bowie, Ronald F. Duska, Edwin M. Hartman, Timothy J. Hargrave, Mark S. Schwartz, W. Michael Hoffman, Michael E. Gorman, Mollie Painter-Morland, Carla J. Manno, Howard Harris, David Bevan & Patricia H. Werhane - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  38.  61
    Walter E. Broman, Timothy C. Lord, Roy W. Perrett, Colin Dickson, Jill P. Baumgaertner, Eva L. Corredor, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn, Jay S. Andrews, David M. Thompson, David Carey, David Parker, David Novitz, Norman Simms, David Herman, Paul Taylor, Jeff Mason, Robert D. Cottrell, David Gorman, Mark Stein, Constance S. Spreen, Will Morrisey, Jan Pilditch, Herman Rapaport, Mark Johnson, Michael McClintick, John D. Cox, Arthur Kirsch, Burton Watson, Michael Platt, Gary M. Ciuba, Karsten Harries, Mary Anne O'Neil. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (2):373.
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  39.  60
    Substance and Identity-Dependence.Michael Gorman - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (1):103-118.
    There is no consensus on how to define substance, but one popular view is that substances are entities that are independent in some sense or other. E. J. Lowe’s version of this approach stresses that substances are not dependent on other particulars for their identity. I develop the meaning of this proposal, defend it against some criticisms, and then show that others do require that the theory be modified.
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  40. Review of J. J. E. Gracia's Metaphysics and Its Task. [REVIEW]Michael Gorman - 2002 - The Thomist 66:651-654.
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  41. Incarnation.Michael Gorman - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.
    According to Christian belief, Jesus Christ is a divine person who became “incarnate,” i.e., who became human. A key event in the second act of the drama of creation and redemption, the incarnation could not have failed to interest Aquinas, and he discusses it in a number of places. A proper understanding of what he thought about it is thus part of any complete understanding of his work. It is, furthermore, a window into his ideas on a variety of other (...)
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  42. Subjectivism About Normativity and the Normativity of Intentional States.Gorman Michael - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):5-14.
    Subjectivism about normativity (SN) is the view that norms are never intrinsic to things but are instead always imposed from without. After clarifying what SN is, I argue against it on the basis of its implications concerning intentionality. Intentional states with the mind-to-world direction of fit are essentially norm-subservient, i.e., essentially subject to norms such as truth, coherence, and the like. SN implies that nothing is intrinsically an intentional state of the mind-to-world sort: its being such a state is only (...)
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  43. Book Review: Philippians: A Commentary in the Wesleyan TraditionPhilippians: A Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition by FlemmingDean E. New Beacon Bible Commentary. Beacon Hill, Kansas City, 2009. 255 Pp. $ 25.99. ISBN 978-0-8341-2411-0. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (1):96-98.
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  44.  58
    Edwin Stein, Joseph Gibaldi, Fernand Hallyn, Timothy Hampton, Allan H. Pasco, John F. Desmond, Walter Adamson, Robert T. Corum, Mary Anne O'Neil, David Gorman, Richard Kaplan, Michael Weber, Willard Bohn, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, English Showalter, Michael Winkler, Richard Eldridge, Michael McClintick, Leslie D. Harris, Paul Taylor, John J. Stuhr, David Novitz, Paul Trembath, Mark Stocker, Michael McGaha, Patricia A. Ward, Michael Fischer, Michael Lopez, Ruth Ap Roberts, Gerald Prince. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1993 - Philosophy and Literature 17 (2):343.
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  45. On a Thomistic Worry About Scotus's Doctrine of the Esse Christi.Michael Gorman - 2009 - Antonianum 84:719-733.
    According to authoritative Christian teaching, Jesus Christ is a single person existing in two natures, divinity and humanity. In attempting to understand this claim, the high-scholastic theologians often asked whether there was more than one existence in Christ. John Duns Scotus answers the question with a clear and strongly-formulated yes, and Thomists have sometimes suspected that his answer leads in a heretical direction. But before we can ask whether Scotus‘s answer is acceptable or not, we have to come to a (...)
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  46. On Substantial Independence: A Reply to Patrick Toner.Michael Gorman - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):293-297.
    Patrick Toner has recently criticized accounts of substance provided by Kit Fine, E. J. Lowe, and the author, accounts which say (to a first approximation) that substances cannot depend on things other than their own parts. On Toner’s analysis, the inclusion of this parts exception results in a disjunctive definition of substance rather than a unified account. In this paper (speaking only for myself, but in a way that would, I believe, support the other authors that Toner discusses), I first (...)
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  47. The oldest epitome of Augustine's Tractatus in Euangelium Ioannis and commentaries on the Gospel of John in the early Middle Ages.Michael Gorman - 1997 - Revue d' Etudes Augustiniennes Et Patristiques 43 (1):63-104.
    C'est un témoignage jusque-là inconnu de l'influence des Tractatus in Evangelium Ioannis d'Augustin que cet abrégé de l'ouvrage trouvé dans un fragment du manuscrit Paris lat. 10399 et dans trois manuscrits du IXe s. . Plusieurs passages de cet abrégé sont publiés ici pour la première fois. Les Tractatus in Evangelium Ioannis ont dominé les tentatives de commenter l'Évangile de Jean, faites au début du Moyen Age ; les commentaires, alors publiés, sont ici brièvement discutés.
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  48.  70
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  49. Dynamics of Sociality.Michael E. Bratman - 2006 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):1–15.
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  50. Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency.Michael E. Bratman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays by one of the most prominent and internationally respected philosophers of action theory is concerned with deepening our understanding of the notion of intention. In Bratman's view, when we settle on a plan for action we are committing ourselves to future conduct in ways that help support important forms of coordination and organization both within the life of the agent and interpersonally. These essays enrich that account of commitment involved in intending, and explore its implications for (...)
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