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Michael Förster
Universität Bonn
  1.  27
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
  2.  5
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
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  3.  4
    The Palgrave Handbook of Russian Thought.Marina F. Bykova, Michael N. Forster & Lina Steiner (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume is a comprehensive Handbook of Russian thought that provides an in-depth survey of major figures, currents, and developments in Russian intellectual history, spanning the period from the late eighteenth century to the late twentieth century. Written by a group of distinguished scholars as well as some younger ones from Russia, Europe, the United States, and Canada, this Handbook reconstructs a vibrant picture of the intellectual and cultural life in Russia and the Soviet Union during the most buoyant period (...)
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  4.  52
    German Philosophy of Language: From Schlegel to Hegel and Beyond.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This book not only sets the historical record straight but also champions the Herderian tradition for its philosophical depth and breadth.
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  5. Kant and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is widely recognized that Kant's theoretical philosophy aims to answer skepticism and reform metaphysics--Michael Forster makes the controversial argument that those aims are closely linked. He distinguishes among three types of skepticism: "veil of perception" skepticism, which concerns the external world; Humean skepticism, which concerns the existence of a priori concepts and synthetic a (...)
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  6.  42
    Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. FORSTER - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  7.  43
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Hegel's Idea of a Phenomenology of Spirit, Michael N. Forster advances an original reading of the work.
  8. Wittgenstein on Family Resemblance Concepts.Michael Forster - 2010 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  9. Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. FORSTER - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (2):351-352.
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  10.  15
    Private and Shared Taste in Art and Face Appreciation.Helmut Leder, Juergen Goller, Tanya Rigotti & Michael Forster - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  11.  44
    After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition.Michael N. Forster - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    In the course of developing these historical points, this book also shows that Herder and his tradition are in many ways superior to dominant trends in more ...
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  12.  1
    Herder's Philosophy.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Johann Gottfried Herder is a towering figure in modern thought, but one who has hitherto been severely underappreciated. Michael Forster seeks to rectify that situation by exploring the full range of his ideas, and showing their enormous impact in philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, and comparative literature.
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  13. Kant's Philosophy of Language?Michael N. Forster - 2012 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3):485.
  14. Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):145-147.
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  15.  45
    Socrates' Demand for Definitions.Michael N. Forster - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:1-47.
  16.  12
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (2):476-478.
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  17.  3
    Does Gallery Lighting Really Have an Impact on Appreciation of Art? An Ecologically Valid Study of Lighting Changes and the Assessment and Emotional Experience With Representational and Abstract Paintings.Matthew Pelowski, Andrea Graser, Eva Specker, Michael Forster, Josefine von Hinüber & Helmut Leder - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  18. On the Very Idea of Denying the Existence of Radically Different Conceptual Schemes.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):133 – 185.
    It has become very popular among philosophers to attempt to discredit, or at least set severe limits to, the thesis that there exist conceptual schemes radically different from ours. This fashion is misconceived. Philosophers have attempted to justify it in two main ways: by means of arguments which are a priorist relative to the relevant linguistic and textual evidence (and either independent of or based upon positive theories of meaning, understanding, and interpretation); and by means of arguments which are a (...)
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  19.  8
    Hegel and Skepticism.Arthur Tubb & Michael N. Forster - 1991 - British Journal of Educational Studies 39 (2):230.
  20. Herder: Philosophical Writings.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Johann Gottfried von Herder is one of the most important German philosophers of the eighteenth century, who had enormous influence on later thinkers such as Hegel, Schleiermacher and Nietzsche. His wide-ranging ideas were formative in the development of linguistics, hermeneutics, anthropology and bible scholarship, and even today they retain their vitality and relevance to an extraordinary degree. This volume presents a translation of Herder's most important and characteristic philosophical writings in his areas of central interest, including philosophy of language, philosophy (...)
     
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  21. Socrates' Profession of Ignorance.Michael Forster - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:1-35.
     
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  22. Herder and Spinoza.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    What was the source of this great flowering? Much of the credit for it has tended to go to Jacobi and Mendelssohn, who in 1785 began a famous public dispute concerning the question whether or not Lessing had been a Spinozist, as Jacobi alleged Lessing had admitted to him shortly before his death in 1781. But Jacobi and Mendelssohn were both negatively disposed towards Spinoza. In On the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Mr.
     
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  23.  3
    Introduction.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-4.
  24.  26
    Nietzsche on Morality as a “Sign Language of the Affects”.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2):165-188.
    This article argues that Nietzsche’s meta-ethics is basically a form of sentimentalism, but a form of sentimentalism that includes cognitive components in the sentiments that are involved. The article also ascribes to Nietzsche the more original position that the moral sentiments in question vary dramatically between historical periods, cultures, and even individuals, sometimes indeed to the point of becoming inverted between one case and another. Finally, the article also attributes to Nietzsche a hermeneutic insight into certain problems that this situation (...)
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  25. Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume constitutes the first collective critical study of German philosophy in the nineteenth century. A team of leading experts explore the influential figures associated with the period--including Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Frege--and provide fresh accounts of the philosophical movements and key debates with which they engaged.
  26.  81
    Herder’s Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323 - 356.
    A GOOD CASE COULD BE MADE that Herder is the founder not only of the modern philosophy of language but also of the modern philosophy of interpretation and translation and that he has many things to say on these subjects from which we may still learn today. This essay will not attempt to make such a case, but it will be concerned with some aspects of Herder’s position that would be central to it: three fundamental principles in his philosophy of (...)
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  27. Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    For the purpose of this article, "hermeneutics" means the theory of interpretation, i.e. the theory of achieving an understanding of texts, utterances, and so on (it does not mean a certain twentieth-century philosophical movement). Hermeneutics in this sense has a long history, reaching back at least as far as ancient Greece. However, new focus was brought to bear on it in the modern period, in the wake of the Reformation with its displacement of responsibility for interpreting the Bible from the (...)
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  28.  17
    Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher.Michael Forster - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  29.  5
    Aesthetic Preference for Negatively-Valenced Artworks Remains Stable in Pathological Aging: A Comparison Between Cognitively Impaired Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Healthy Controls.Elisabeth Kliem, Michael Forster & Helmut Leder - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundDespite severe cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease, aesthetic preferences in AD patients seem to retain some stability over time, similarly to healthy controls. However, the underlying mechanisms of aesthetic preference stability in AD remain unclear. We therefore aimed to study the role of emotional valence of stimuli for stability of aesthetic preferences in patients with AD compared to cognitively unimpaired elderly adults.MethodsFifteen AD patients score 12–26) without visual impairment and/or psychiatric disorder, as well as 15 healthy controls without cognitive impairment (...)
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  30.  27
    Johann Gottfried Von Herder.Michael Forster - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  31.  10
    Eine Revolution in der Philosophie der Sprache, der Linguistik, der Hermeneutik Und der Übersetzungstheorie Im Späten 18. Und Frühen 19. Jahrhundert: Deutsche Und Französische Beiträge. [REVIEW]Michael N. Forster - 2015 - In Adriana Serban & Larisa Cercel (eds.), Friedrich Schleiermacher and the Question of Translation. De Gruyter. pp. 23-40.
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  32. Schleiermacher’s Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):100-122.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore some central aspects of Schleiermacher’s hermeneutics and to suggest how they should be interpreted and assessed. My general strategy will involve pointing up rather than playing down certain inconsistencies and other problems in his position, in part simply because I believe that they are there and that exegesis therefore ought to recognize them, but also in part because reflecting on them seems to me philosophically fruitful. The interpretive and philosophical suggestions which I (...)
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  33.  87
    Herder's Importance As a Philosopher.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    Herder has been sufficiently neglected in recent times, especially among philosophers, to need a few words of introduction. He lived 1744-1803; he was a favorite student of Kant's, and a student and friend of Hamann's; he became a mentor to the young Goethe, on whose development he exercised a profound influence; and he worked, among other things, as a philosopher, literary critic, Bible scholar, and translator. As I mentioned, Herder has been especially neglected by philosophers. This.
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  34. Hegelian Vs. Kantian Interpretations of Pyrrhonism: Revolution or Reaction?Michael N. Forster - manuscript
    This paper concerns a surprisingly sharp disagreement about the nature of ancient Pyrrhonism which first emerges clearly in Kant and Hegel, but which continues in contemporary interpretations. The paper begins by explaining the character of this disagreement, then attempts to adjudicate it in the light of the ancient texts.
     
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  35.  33
    Forms of Reasoning in Western and Chinese Philosophy.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 44 (1-2):10-32.
    I would like in this article to make some tentative comparative observations about several sorts of reasoning in Western and Chinese philosophy. I try to say something about three important forms of reasoning: logic, skepticism, and practical reason. In each of these cases one can find strands of Chinese philosophy that are strikingly similar to counterparts in Western philosophy. And while in two of the cases in question the strands involved are less common and less fully developed than their Western (...)
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  36. The Liberal Temper in Classical German Philosophy: Freedom of Thought and Expression.Michael Forster - manuscript
    Consideration of the German philosophy and political history of the past century might well give the impression, and often does give foreign observers the impression, that liberalism, including in particular commitment to the ideal of free thought and expression, is only skin-deep in Germany. Were not Heidegger's disgust at Gerede (which of course really meant the free speech of the Weimar Republic) and Gadamer's defense of "prejudice" and "tradition" more reflective of the true instincts of German philosophy than, say, the (...)
     
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  37.  56
    A Wittgensteian Anti-Platonism.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 16 (1):58-85.
  38. Does Every Genuine Philosophy Have a Skeptical Side?Michael Neil Forster - 2021 - Review of Metaphysics 75 (2):219-264.
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  39. Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus / International Yearbook of German Idealism : Der Begriff des Staates / the Concept of the State.Michael N. Forster - 2003 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  40. 4. Some Modest Criticisms.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press. pp. 82-104.
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  41.  1
    The Cambridge Companion to Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Hermeneutics, the study of interpretation, is an essential and valuable branch of philosophy. Hermeneutics is also a central component of the methodology of the social sciences and the humanities, for example historiography, anthropology, art history, and literary criticism. In a sequence of accessible chapters, contributors across the human sciences explain the leading concepts and ideas of hermeneutics, the historical development of the field, the importance of hermeneutics in philosophy today, and the ways in which it can address contemporary concerns including (...)
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  42. 2. The Sense in Which Grammar Is Arbitrary.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton University Press. pp. 21-65.
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  43. Johann Gottfried von Herder Philosophical Writings.Johann Gottfried Herder & Michael N. Forster - 2002
     
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  44.  18
    Introduction: Problems Of Rationality in A Comparative Perspective.Michael N. Forster & Guido Kreis - 2017 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 44 (1-2):5-9.
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  45.  41
    Menschen und andere Tiere. Über das Verhältnis von Mensch und Tier bei Tomasello.Michael N. Forster - 2007 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (5):761-767.
    Der Beitrag handelt von Michael Tomasellos Theorie des Verhältnisses von Mensch und Tier. Tomasellos Theorie wird als ein Beispiel für eine Reihe von Theorien gedeutet, die das betreffende Verhältnis als durch eine Kluft und Überlegenheit gekennzeichnet auffassen. Der Beitrag kritisiert die empirisch-theoretische Begründung dieser Theorie und verdächtigt sie einer bestimmten ideologischen und zwar tierfeindlichen Funktion.
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  46.  47
    Gods, Animals, and Artists: Some Problem Cases in Herder's Philosophy of Language.Michael N. Forster - 2003 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):65 – 96.
    Herder already very early in his career, in the 1760s, established two vitally important and epoch-making principles in the philosophy of language: that thought is essentially dependent on and bounded by language; and that meanings or concepts should be identified - not with such items as the referents involved, Platonic forms, or empiricist 'ideas' - but with word-usages. What did Herder do for an encore? His Treatise on the Origin of Language from 1772 might seem the natural place to look (...)
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  47. Das Geistige Tierreich.Michael Forster - manuscript
    Der Titel meines Vortrags bezieht sich nicht auf heftige Auseinandersetzungen in der heutigen Hegelrezeption, sondern auf den gleichnamigen Abschnitt der Phänomenologie des Geistes von 1807: “Das geistige Tierreich und der Betrug oder die Sache selbst.” Dieser verhältnismäßig wenig beachtete und womöglich noch weniger verstandene Abschnitt ist meines Erachtens einer der wichtigsten im ganzen Buch. Ich möchte deshalb heute versuchen seine Bedeutung etwas aufzuklären.
     
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  48.  22
    The Continuity of Evolution and the Special Character of Humans: Concluding Overview.Michael Forster & Wolfgang Welsch - 2011 - In Welsch Wolfgang, Singer Wolf & Wunder Andre (eds.), Interdisciplinary Anthropology. Springer. pp. 157--169.
  49.  12
    The Liberal Temper in Classical German Philosophy: Freedom of Thought and Expression.Michael N. Forster - 2003 - In Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus / International Yearbook of German Idealism : Der Begriff des Staates / the Concept of the State. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 19-48.
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  50.  18
    Does Western Philosophy Have Non-Western Roots?Michael Forster - 2015 - In Valentin Pluder & Gerald Hartung (eds.), From Hegel to Windelband: Historiography of Philosophy in the 19th Century. De Gruyter. pp. 141-158.
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