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Michael Förster
Universität Bonn
  1.  42
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
  2.  17
    Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
    What is the nature of a conceptual scheme? Are there alternative conceptual schemes? If so, are some more justifiable or correct than others? The later Wittgenstein already addresses these fundamental philosophical questions under the general rubric of "grammar" and the question of its "arbitrariness"--and does so with great subtlety. This book explores Wittgenstein's views on these questions. Part I interprets his conception of grammar as a generalized version of Kant's transcendental idealist solution to a puzzle about necessity. It also seeks (...)
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  3.  72
    German philosophy of language: from Schlegel to Hegel and beyond.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book not only sets the historical record straight but also champions the Herderian tradition for its philosophical depth and breadth.
  4.  54
    Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    In Hegel's Idea of a Phenomenology of Spirit, Michael N. Forster advances an original reading of the work.
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  5.  56
    Hegel and skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This book should cause a re-evaluation of Hegel, and German Idealism generally, and contribute to a re-evaluation of the skeptical tradition in philosophy.
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  6.  19
    Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster - 1989 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Forster demonstrates that Hegel did not in fact ignore epistemology, but on the contrary he fought a tireless and subtle campaign to defeat the threat of skepticism. Forster's work should dispel once and for all the view that Hegel was naive or careless in epistemological matters. Along the way, Forster makes much that has hither to remained obscure in Hegel's texts intelligible for the first time.
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  7. Kant and Skepticism.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This book puts forward a much-needed reappraisal of Immanuel Kant's conception of and response to skepticism, as set forth principally in the Critique of Pure Reason. It is widely recognized that Kant's theoretical philosophy aims to answer skepticism and reform metaphysics--Michael Forster makes the controversial argument that those aims are closely linked. He distinguishes among three types of skepticism: "veil of perception" skepticism, which concerns the external world; Humean skepticism, which concerns the existence of a priori concepts and synthetic a (...)
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  8. Wittgenstein on family resemblance concepts.Michael Forster - 2010 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical investigations: a critical guide. New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  9. Hegel and Skepticism.Michael N. FORSTER - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 55 (2):351-352.
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  10. Hegel’s Idea of a ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):145-147.
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  11.  60
    After Herder: Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition.Michael N. Forster - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    In the course of developing these historical points, this book also shows that Herder and his tradition are in many ways superior to dominant trends in more ...
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  12.  40
    Private and Shared Taste in Art and Face Appreciation.Helmut Leder, Juergen Goller, Tanya Rigotti & Michael Forster - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  13. Genealogy.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - American Dialectic 1 (2):230-250.
    Nietzsche and Foucault famously employ a philosophical method of “genealogy” and apply it to the realm of morality in particular. In this article I would like to do two main things: I will begin by offering a contribution toward a sort of “genealogy of genealogy,” that is, toward an account of how the method emerged historically. I will then give an explanation of how the method is supposed to work. In a subsequent, companion article in this journal, “Genealogy and Morality,” (...)
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  14. Kant's Philosophy of Language?Michael N. Forster - 2012 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (3):485.
  15.  14
    The Palgrave Handbook of Russian Thought.Marina F. Bykova, Michael N. Forster & Lina Steiner (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume is a comprehensive Handbook of Russian thought that provides an in-depth survey of major figures, currents, and developments in Russian intellectual history, spanning the period from the late eighteenth century to the late twentieth century. Written by a group of distinguished scholars as well as some younger ones from Russia, Europe, the United States, and Canada, this Handbook reconstructs a vibrant picture of the intellectual and cultural life in Russia and the Soviet Union during the most buoyant period (...)
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  16.  11
    Herder's Philosophy.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Johann Gottfried Herder is a towering figure in modern thought, but one who has hitherto been severely underappreciated. Michael Forster seeks to rectify that situation by exploring the full range of his ideas, and showing their enormous impact in philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, and comparative literature.
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  17.  96
    Does Gallery Lighting Really Have an Impact on Appreciation of Art? An Ecologically Valid Study of Lighting Changes and the Assessment and Emotional Experience With Representational and Abstract Paintings.Matthew Pelowski, Andrea Graser, Eva Specker, Michael Forster, Josefine von Hinüber & Helmut Leder - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  18.  63
    Socrates' demand for definitions.Michael N. Forster - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:1-47.
  19.  19
    Hegel and Skepticism.Arthur Tubb & Michael N. Forster - 1991 - British Journal of Educational Studies 39 (2):230.
  20.  98
    Genealogy and Morality.Michael N. Forster - 2011 - American Dialectic 1 (3):346-369.
    In a previous article in this journal, “Genealogy,” I offered a sort of “genealogy of genealogy,” an account of the method’s development, according to which it mainly grew, not from English or French antecedents, but out of a German tradition that began with Herder and then continued with Hegel before eventually culminating in Nietzsche himself. [...] Presupposing this account of the method of genealogy, the present article will consider the method in relation to one of its most important areas of (...)
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  21.  9
    Introduction.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 1-4.
  22. On the very idea of denying the existence of radically different conceptual schemes.Michael N. Forster - 1998 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):133 – 185.
    It has become very popular among philosophers to attempt to discredit, or at least set severe limits to, the thesis that there exist conceptual schemes radically different from ours. This fashion is misconceived. Philosophers have attempted to justify it in two main ways: by means of arguments which are a priorist relative to the relevant linguistic and textual evidence (and either independent of or based upon positive theories of meaning, understanding, and interpretation); and by means of arguments which are a (...)
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  23. Herder: Philosophical Writings.Michael N. Forster (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Johann Gottfried von Herder is one of the most important German philosophers of the eighteenth century, who had enormous influence on later thinkers such as Hegel, Schleiermacher and Nietzsche. His wide-ranging ideas were formative in the development of linguistics, hermeneutics, anthropology and bible scholarship, and even today they retain their vitality and relevance to an extraordinary degree. This volume presents a translation of Herder's most important and characteristic philosophical writings in his areas of central interest, including philosophy of language, philosophy (...)
     
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  24.  21
    Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher.Michael Forster - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  25.  34
    Johann Gottfried Von Herder.Michael Forster - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  26.  19
    The Universality of Aesthetic Effects.Jane Boddy, Hanna Brinkmann, Eva Specker, Michael Forster, Helmut Leder & Raphael Rosenberg - 2023 - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 68 (2):148-170.
    This paper challenges the assumption that lines, colors, and shapes have aesthetic effects that are the same for everyone. From an interdisciplinary perspective of art history and empirical aesthetics, we argue that assigning aesthetic effects to specific lines or colors may well be a valid theory for some aesthetic encounters, it falls short of explaining universal aesthetic effects. Our analysis proceeds in four steps: We begin by reconsidering the notion of aesthetic effect as defined in the tradition of Goethe. We (...)
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  27. Hermeneutics.Michael N. Forster - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Michael Rosen (eds.), The Oxford handbook of continental philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.
    For the purpose of this article, "hermeneutics" means the theory of interpretation, i.e. the theory of achieving an understanding of texts, utterances, and so on (it does not mean a certain twentieth-century philosophical movement). Hermeneutics in this sense has a long history, reaching back at least as far as ancient Greece. However, new focus was brought to bear on it in the modern period, in the wake of the Reformation with its displacement of responsibility for interpreting the Bible from the (...)
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  28. Socrates' profession of ignorance.Michael Forster - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:1-35.
     
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  29. Free will in antiquity and in Kant.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - In Christian Krijnen (ed.), Metaphysics of Freedom? Kant’s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective. Boston: Brill.
  30. Herder and Spinoza.Michael N. Forster - unknown
    What was the source of this great flowering? Much of the credit for it has tended to go to Jacobi and Mendelssohn, who in 1785 began a famous public dispute concerning the question whether or not Lessing had been a Spinozist, as Jacobi alleged Lessing had admitted to him shortly before his death in 1781. But Jacobi and Mendelssohn were both negatively disposed towards Spinoza. In On the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Mr.
     
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  31.  15
    The Philosophy of Translation, the Translation of Philosophy, and Chinese.Michael N. Forster, Guido Kreis & Tze-wan Kwan - 2023 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 50 (3):219-224.
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  32.  98
    Herder’s Philosophy of Language, Interpretation, and Translation: Three Fundamental Principles.Michael N. Forster - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):323 - 356.
    A GOOD CASE COULD BE MADE that Herder is the founder not only of the modern philosophy of language but also of the modern philosophy of interpretation and translation and that he has many things to say on these subjects from which we may still learn today. This essay will not attempt to make such a case, but it will be concerned with some aspects of Herder’s position that would be central to it: three fundamental principles in his philosophy of (...)
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  33.  59
    Nietzsche on morality as a “sign language of the affects”.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2):165-188.
    This article argues that Nietzsche’s meta-ethics is basically a form of sentimentalism, but a form of sentimentalism that includes cognitive components in the sentiments that are involved. The article also ascribes to Nietzsche the more original position that the moral sentiments in question vary dramatically between historical periods, cultures, and even individuals, sometimes indeed to the point of becoming inverted between one case and another. Finally, the article also attributes to Nietzsche a hermeneutic insight into certain problems that this situation (...)
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  34.  8
    The Autonomy of Grammar.Michael N. Forster - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 269–277.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein in his later works often implies commitment to a doctrine of the autonomy or arbitrariness of grammar. This chapter discusses the conception of grammar that is presupposed in this doctrine and then explains the doctrine itself. The chapter also explains a sense in which grammar is not autonomous or arbitrary for Wittgenstein and discusses some possible criticisms of the doctrine. It should be noted at the outset that this whole area of exegetical concern is one in which the (...)
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  35.  13
    Romantic Hermeneutics and Its Impact in the Long Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster - 2023 - In Christian Berner, Sarah Schmidt, Brent W. Sockness & Denis Thouard (eds.), Kommunikation in Philosophie, Religion und Gesellschaft: Akten des InternationalenSchleiermacher-Kongresses 25.–29. Mai 2021. De Gruyter. pp. 81-118.
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  36. Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century.Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume constitutes the first collective critical study of German philosophy in the nineteenth century. A team of leading experts explore the influential figures associated with the period--including Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, and Frege--and provide fresh accounts of the philosophical movements and key debates with which they engaged.
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  37.  23
    Does Western Philosophy Have Non-Western Roots?Michael Forster - 2015 - In Valentin Pluder & Gerald Hartung (eds.), From Hegel to Windelband: Historiography of Philosophy in the 19th Century. Boston: DE GRUYTER. pp. 141-158.
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  38.  29
    Philosophy of language.Hans Johann Glock, Michael N. Forster & Kristin Gjesdal - 2015 - In Glock, Hans Johann (2015). Philosophy of language. In: Forster, Michael N; Gjesdal, Kristin. The Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 371-397. pp. 371-397.
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  39.  7
    Foreignizing Translation and Chinese.Michael N. Forster - 2023 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 50 (3):225-242.
    This article explains a new ‘foreignizing’ approach to translation that was invented in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, especially by Herder and Schleiermacher, and that has since become the predominant approach in translation theory. The article argues that despite the great virtues of this approach, it was based on an unduly narrow restriction to Indo-European languages, which leaves considerable room for further improvement. Greater attention to Hebrew has since made up this deficit to a certain extent. But Chinese (...)
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  40. Schleiermacher’s Hermeneutics: Some Problems and Solutions.Michael N. Forster - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (1):100-122.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore some central aspects of Schleiermacher’s hermeneutics and to suggest how they should be interpreted and assessed. My general strategy will involve pointing up rather than playing down certain inconsistencies and other problems in his position, in part simply because I believe that they are there and that exegesis therefore ought to recognize them, but also in part because reflecting on them seems to me philosophically fruitful. The interpretive and philosophical suggestions which I (...)
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  41.  12
    Practical Philosophy – East and West.Michael N. Forster, Guido Kreis & Tze-wan Kwan - 2022 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 49 (4):323-326.
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  42.  26
    Hegel and Skepticism.Willem deVries & Michael N. Forster - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):401.
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  43.  5
    Abbreviations.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
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  44.  6
    Acknowledgments.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
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  45.  7
    5. Alternative Grammars? The Case of Formal Logic.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 107-128.
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  46.  10
    6. Alternative Grammars? The Limits of Language.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 129-152.
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  47.  8
    7. Alternative Grammars? The Problem of Access.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 153-188.
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  48.  9
    Appendix. The Philosophical Investigations.Michael N. Forster - 2004 - In Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press. pp. 189-192.
  49.  63
    A Wittgensteian Anti-Platonism.Michael N. Forster - 2009 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 16 (1):58-85.
  50.  7
    Critique.Michael N. Forster - 2019 - In Ludger Kühnhardt & Tilman Mayer (eds.), The Bonn Handbook of Globality: Volume 1. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 363-373.
    The modern concept of critique was originally formed mainly by Kant but was subsequently taken over and modified by the tradition of Hegel, Marx, and the Frankfurt School. This article considers Kant’s concept of critique in some detail, including his historical and autobiographical conception that metaphysics passes from dogmatism to skepticism to critique. It also sketches the modification of the concept by Hegel, Marx, and the Frankfurt School into one of social critique, a theory of social ideology. Neither of these (...)
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