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Michael Friedman [149]Michael Belais Friedman [2]
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  1. Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University.Michael Friedman - 2001 - CSLI Publications.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
     
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  2. Explanation and Scientific Understanding.Michael Friedman - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (1):5-19.
  3. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This collection will be mandatory reading for any philosopher or (...)
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  4. Kant and the Exact Sciences.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
    In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost ...
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  5. A Parting of the Ways Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger.Michael Friedman - 2000 - Open Court.
     
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  6. Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition.Michael Friedman - 2012 - Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot explain why Kant (...)
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  7. Bertrand Russell's the Analysis of Matter: Its Historical Context and Contemporary Interest.William Demopoulos & Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):621-639.
  8. Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science.Michael Friedman - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  9. Dynamics of Reason.Michael Friedman - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):702-712.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
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  10. Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences · Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 65--73.
    Kant's original version of transcendental philosophy took both Euclidean geometry and the Newtonian laws of motion to be synthetic a priori constitutive principles—which, from Kant's point of view, function as necessary presuppositions for applying our fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and motion to our sensible experience of the natural world. Although Kant had very good reasons to view the principles in question as having such a constitutively a priori role, we now know, in the wake of Einstein's work, that (...)
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  11.  11
    The Cambridge Companion to Carnap.Michael Friedman & Richard Creath - 2009 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):428-431.
    Rudolf Carnap is increasingly regarded as one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. He was one of the leading figures of the logical empiricist movement associated with the Vienna Circle and a central figure in the analytic tradition more generally. He made major contributions to philosophy of science and philosophy of logic, and, perhaps most importantly, to our understanding of the nature of philosophy as a discipline. In this volume a team of contributors explores the major themes (...)
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  12. Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 2011 - Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  13. Extending the Dynamics of Reason.Michael Friedman - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (3):431-444.
    What I call the dynamics of reason is a post-Kuhnian approach to the history and philosophy of science articulating a relativized and historicized version of the Kantian conception of the rationality and objectivity of the modern physical sciences. I here discuss two extensions of this approach. I argue that, although the relativized standards of rationality in question change over time, the particular way in which they do this still preserves the trans-historical rationality of the entire process. I also make a (...)
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  14.  19
    Kant and the Exact Sciences.William Harper & Michael Friedman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):587.
  15. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman & Alan W. Richardson - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):152-155.
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  16. Kuhn and Logical Empiricism.Michael Friedman - 2003 - In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 34.
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  17. Carnap and Quine: Twentieth-Century Echoes of Kant and Hume.Michael Friedman - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):35-58.
  18. Synthetic History Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
  19. Wissenschaftslogik: The Role of Logic in the Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Synthese 164 (3):385-400.
    Carl Hempel introduced what he called "Craig's theorem" into the philosophy of science in a famous discussion of the "problem of theoretical terms." Beginning with Hempel's use of 'Craig's theorem," I shall bring out some of the key differences between Hempel's treatment of the "problem of theoretical terms" and Carnap's in order to illuminate the peculiar function of Wissenschaftslogik in Carnap's mature philosophy. Carnap's treatment, in particular, is fundamentally antimetaphysical—he aims to use the tools of mathematical logic to dissolve rather (...)
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  20. Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  21. Geometry, Construction, and Intuition in Kant and His Successors.Michael Friedman - 2000 - In Gila Sher & Richard L. Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press. pp. 186--218.
  22.  8
    A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger.Michael Roubach & Michael Friedman - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):119.
  23.  89
    Carnap's Aufbau Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 1987 - Noûs 21 (4):521-545.
  24.  66
    Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science.Michael Friedman - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--161.
  25.  92
    The Re-Evaluation of Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (10):505-519.
  26.  65
    On the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and its Philosophical Agenda.Michael Friedman - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (2):239-271.
  27.  66
    Philosophical Naturalism.Michael Friedman - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5 - 21.
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  28. A Post-Kuhnian Approach to the History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2010 - The Monist 93 (4):497-517.
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  29.  63
    Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) - 2010 - Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  30.  7
    The Material Reasoning of Folding Paper.Michael Friedman & Colin Jakob Rittberg - forthcoming - Synthese.
    This paper inquires the ways in which paper folding constitutes a mathematical practice and may prompt a mathematical culture. To do this, we first present and investigate the common mathematical activities shared by this culture, i.e. we present mathematical paper folding as a material reasoning practice. We show that the patterns of mathematical activity observed in mathematical paper folding are, at least since the end of the 19th century, sufficiently stable to be considered as a practice. Moreover, we will argue (...)
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  31. Exorcising the Philosophical Tradition: Comments on John McDowell's Mind and World.Michael Friedman - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):427-467.
  32.  66
    Epistemology in Theaufbau.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):15 - 57.
  33.  86
    The Scientific Image by Bas C. Van Fraassen. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
  34. Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science.L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
  35. Kant's Theory of Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):455-506.
  36.  79
    Reconsidering the Dynamics of Reason: Response to Ferrari, Mormann, Nordmann, and Uebel.Michael Friedman - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):47-53.
  37. Descartes' Metaphysical Physics.Daniel Garber & Michael Friedman - 1996 - Synthese 106 (1):113-138.
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  38.  63
    Carnap and Weyl on the Foundations of Geometry and Relativity Theory.Michael Friedman - 1995 - Erkenntnis 42 (2):247-260.
  39.  20
    The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science.Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
    Historians of philosophy, science, and mathematics explore the influence of Kant's philosophy on the evolution of modern scientific thought.
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  40. Poincaré's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists.Michael Friedman - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (2):299-314.
    The logical positivists adopted Poincare's doctrine of the conventionality of geometry and made it a key part of their philosophical interpretation of relativity theory. I argue, however, that the positivists deeply misunderstood Poincare's doctrine. For Poincare's own conception was based on the group-theoretical picture of geometry expressed in the Helmholtz-Lie solution of the space problem, and also on a hierarchical picture of the sciences according to which geometry must be presupposed be any properly physical theory. But both of this pictures (...)
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  41.  24
    Foundations of Space-Time Theories.Michael Friedman - 1983 - Noûs 21 (4):595-601.
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  42. Presidential Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.Michael Friedman, Stanley Cavell & Henry E. Allison - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5-21.
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  43. 10. Interpreting Quantum Field Theory Interpreting Quantum Field Theory (Pp. 348-378).Michael Friedman, Robert DiSalle, J. D. Trout, Shaun Nichols, Maralee Harrell, Clark Glymour, Carl G. Wagner, Kent W. Staley, Jesús P. Zamora Bonilla & Frederick M. Kronz - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2).
     
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  44.  63
    Geometry as a Branch of Physics: Background and Context for Einstein's 'Geometry and Experience.'.Michael Friedman - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 193--229.
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  45. Kant, Skepticism, and Idealism.Michael Friedman - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):26 – 43.
    Skeptical problems arising for Kant's version of transcendental idealism have been raised from Kant's own time to the present day. By focussing on how such problems originally arose in the wake of Kant's work, and on the first formulations of absolute idealism by Schelling, I argue that the skeptical problems in question ultimately depend on fundamental features of Kant's philosophy of natural science. As a result, Naturphilosophie and the organic conception of nature cannot easily be separated from the deep and (...)
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  46. Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity.Michael Friedman - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (4):531-553.
  47. Regulative and Constitutive.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (S1):73-102.
  48.  20
    History and Philosophy of Science in a New Key.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:125-134.
    This essay considers the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science from Thomas Kuhn to the present. This relationship, of course, has often been troubled, but there is now new hope for an ongoing productive interaction—due to an increasing awareness, among other things, of the mutual entanglement between the development of modern science and the development of modern philosophy on the part of both professional philosophers and professional historians of science. This idea is illustrated with several examples, including (...)
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  49. Tolerance, Intuition, and Empiricism.Michael Friedman - 2009 - In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 236--249.
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  50. Transcendental Philosophy and a Priori Knowledge: A Neo-Kantian Perspective.Michael Friedman - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press.
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