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Michael Friedman [149]Michael Belais Friedman [2]
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  1.  52
    The Scientific Image.Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
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  2. Explanation and Scientific Understanding.Michael Friedman - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (1):5-19.
  3. Kant and the Exact Sciences.Michael Friedman - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
    In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost ...
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  4. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and 30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. This collection will be mandatory reading for any philosopher or (...)
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  5.  7
    A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger.Michael Friedman - 2000 - Open Court.
    In this insightful study of the common origins of analytic and continental philosophy, Friedman looks at how social and political events intertwined and influenced philosophy during the early twentieth century, ultimately giving rise to the two very different schools of thought. He shows how these two approaches, now practiced largely in isolation from one another, were once opposing tendencies within a common discussion. Already polarized by their philosophical disagreements, these approaches were further split apart by the rise of Naziism and (...)
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  6.  62
    Foundations of Space-Time Theories.Michael Friedman - 1987 - Noûs 21 (4):595-601.
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  7.  10
    Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University.Michael Friedman - 2001 - CSLI Publications.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
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  8.  80
    Kant's Construction of Nature: A Reading of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science.Michael Friedman - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science is one of the most difficult but also most important of Kant's works. Published in 1786 between the first and second editions of the Critique of Pure Reason, the Metaphysical Foundations occupies a central place in the development of Kant's philosophy, but has so far attracted relatively little attention compared with other works of Kant's critical period. Michael Friedman's book develops a new and complete reading of this work and reconstructs Kant's main argument clearly (...)
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  9. Dynamics of Reason.Michael Friedman - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):702-712.
    This book introduces a new approach to the issue of radical scientific revolutions, or "paradigm-shifts," given prominence in the work of Thomas Kuhn. The book articulates a dynamical and historicized version of the conception of scientific a priori principles first developed by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This approach defends the Enlightenment ideal of scientific objectivity and universality while simultaneously doing justice to the revolutionary changes within the sciences that have since undermined Kant's original defense of this ideal. Through a modified (...)
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  10. Bertrand Russell's the Analysis of Matter: Its Historical Context and Contemporary Interest.William Demopoulos & Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):621-639.
    The Analysis of Matter is perhaps best known for marking Russell's rejection of phenomenalism and his development of a variety of Lockean representationalism–-Russell's causal theory of perception. This occupies Part 2 of the work. Part 1, which is certainly less well known, contains many observations on twentieth-century physics. Unfortunately, Russell's discussion of relativity and the foundations of physical geometry is carried out in apparent ignorance of Reichenbach's and Carnap's investigations in the same period. The issue of conventionalism in its then (...)
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  11. Reconsidering Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman & Alan W. Richardson - 1999 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (1):152-155.
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  12. Kant on Geometry and Spatial Intuition.Michael Friedman - 2012 - Synthese 186 (1):231-255.
    I use recent work on Kant and diagrammatic reasoning to develop a reconsideration of central aspects of Kant’s philosophy of geometry and its relation to spatial intuition. In particular, I reconsider in this light the relations between geometrical concepts and their schemata, and the relationship between pure and empirical intuition. I argue that diagrammatic interpretations of Kant’s theory of geometrical intuition can, at best, capture only part of what Kant’s conception involves and that, for example, they cannot explain why Kant (...)
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  13.  36
    Kant and the Exact Sciences.William Harper & Michael Friedman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):587.
    This is a very important book. It has already become required reading for researchers on the relation between the exact sciences and Kant’s philosophy. The main theme is that Kant’s continuing program to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the science of his day is of crucial importance to understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest precritical beginnings in the thesis of 1747, right through the highwater years of the critical philosophy, to his last (...)
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  14. .Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
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  15. The Cambridge Companion to Carnap.Michael Friedman & Richard Creath (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    Rudolf Carnap is increasingly regarded as one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. He was one of the leading figures of the logical empiricist movement associated with the Vienna Circle and a central figure in the analytic tradition more generally. He made major contributions to philosophy of science and philosophy of logic, and, perhaps most importantly, to our understanding of the nature of philosophy as a discipline. In this volume a team of contributors explores the major themes (...)
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  16. Carnap's Aufbau Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 1987 - Noûs 21 (4):521-545.
  17. The Scientific Image by Bas C. Van Fraassen. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
  18. Science Without Numbers: A Defense of Nominalism. Hartry H. Field.Michael Friedman - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):505-506.
  19. Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science.Michael Friedman - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):171-90.
    This paper considers the evolution of the problem of scientific rationality from Kant through Carnap to Kuhn. I argue for a relativized and historicized version of the original Kantian conception of scientific a priori principles and examine the way in which these principles change and develop across revolutionary paradigm shifts. The distinctively philosophical enterprise of reflecting upon and contextualizing such principles is then seen to play a key role in making possible rational intersubjective communication between otherwise incommensurable paradigms.
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  20. Causal Laws and the Foundations of Natural Science.Michael Friedman - 1992 - In Paul Guyer (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3--161.
  21. Synthetic History Reconsidered.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
  22. Carnap on Theoretical Terms: Structuralism Without Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Michael Friedman - 2011 - Synthese 180 (2):249 - 263.
    Both realists and instrumentalists have found it difficult to understand (much less accept) Carnap's developed view on theoretical terms, which attempts to stake out a neutral position between realism and instrumentalism. I argue that Carnap's mature conception of a scientific theory as the conjunction of its Ramsey sentence and Carnap sentence can indeed achieve this neutral position. To see this, however, we need to see why the Newman problem raised in the context of recent work on structural realism is no (...)
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  23. The Re-Evaluation of Logical Positivism.Michael Friedman - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (10):505-519.
  24. Geometry, Construction, and Intuition in Kant and His Successors.Michael Friedman - 2000 - In Gila Sher & Richard L. Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press. pp. 186--218.
  25.  82
    Philosophical Naturalism.Michael Friedman - 1997 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 71 (2):5 - 21.
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  26. Exorcising the Philosophical Tradition: Comments on John McDowell’s Mind and World.Michael Friedman - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):427-467.
    One of the most interesting aspects of McDowell’s very interesting book is the way in which it locates the problems of late-twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy within the historical development of the Western philosophical tradition. Beginning with an opposition between Coherentism and the Myth of the Given exemplified in recent work of Donald Davidson’s, McDowell proceeds to frame his discussion in terms of the Kantian distinction between concepts and intuitions, understanding and sensibility, spontaneity and receptivity. McDowell’s basic idea is that we can (...)
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  27.  81
    Epistemology in the Aufbau.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):15 - 57.
  28. Ernst Cassirer and Thomas Kuhn: The Neo-Kantian Tradition in History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (2):239-252.
  29. Kant's Theory of Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):455-506.
  30.  11
    Relativity and Geometry.Michael Friedman - 1984 - Noûs 18 (4):653-664.
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  31. Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.) - 2010 - Open Court.
    Addressing a wide range of topics, from Newton to Post-Kuhnian philosophy of science, these essays critically examine themes that have been central to the influential work of philosopher Michael Friedman.
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  32. Regulative and Constitutive.Michael Friedman - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (S1):73-102.
  33. Carnap and Quine: Twentieth-Century Echoes of Kant and Hume.Michael Friedman - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):35-58.
  34. Kuhn and Logical Empiricism.Michael Friedman - 2003 - In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 34.
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  35. A Post-Kuhnian Approach to the History and Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2010 - The Monist 93 (4):497-517.
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  36.  86
    On the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge and its Philosophical Agenda.Michael Friedman - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (2):239-271.
  37.  37
    The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth-Century Science.Michael Friedman & Alfred Nordmann (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
    Historians of philosophy, science, and mathematics explore the influence of Kant's philosophy on the evolution of modern scientific thought.
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  38. Extending the Dynamics of Reason.Michael Friedman - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (3):431-444.
    What I call the dynamics of reason is a post-Kuhnian approach to the history and philosophy of science articulating a relativized and historicized version of the Kantian conception of the rationality and objectivity of the modern physical sciences. I here discuss two extensions of this approach. I argue that, although the relativized standards of rationality in question change over time, the particular way in which they do this still preserves the trans-historical rationality of the entire process. I also make a (...)
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  39.  7
    Philosophical Papers.Michael Friedman & Hilary Putnam - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (4):545.
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  40. Kant, Kuhn and the Rationality of Science.Michael Friedman - 2002 - In M. Heidelberger & F. Stadler (eds.), History of Philosophy of Science: New Trends and Perspectives. Kluwer Academic.
  41.  96
    Geometry as a Branch of Physics: Background and Context for Einstein's 'Geometry and Experience.'.Michael Friedman - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 193--229.
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  42. Poincaré's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists.Michael Friedman - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (2):299-314.
    The logical positivists adopted Poincare's doctrine of the conventionality of geometry and made it a key part of their philosophical interpretation of relativity theory. I argue, however, that the positivists deeply misunderstood Poincare's doctrine. For Poincare's own conception was based on the group-theoretical picture of geometry expressed in the Helmholtz-Lie solution of the space problem, and also on a hierarchical picture of the sciences according to which geometry must be presupposed be any properly physical theory. But both of this pictures (...)
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  43. Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori.Michael Friedman - 2010 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences · Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 65--73.
    Kant's original version of transcendental philosophy took both Euclidean geometry and the Newtonian laws of motion to be synthetic a priori constitutive principles—which, from Kant's point of view, function as necessary presuppositions for applying our fundamental concepts of space, time, matter, and motion to our sensible experience of the natural world. Although Kant had very good reasons to view the principles in question as having such a constitutively a priori role, we now know, in the wake of Einstein's work, that (...)
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  44. Physicalism and the Indeterminacy of Translation.Michael Friedman - 1975 - Noûs 9 (4):353-374.
  45. Reconsidering the Dynamics of Reason: Response to Ferrari, Mormann, Nordmann, and Uebel.Michael Friedman - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):47-53.
  46.  66
    Truth and Confirmation.Michael Friedman - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (7):361-382.
  47.  12
    Kant, Kuhn, and the Rationality of Science.Michael Friedman - 2002 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:25-41.
    In the Introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason Kant formulates what he calls “the general problem of pure reason,” namely, “How are synthetic a priori judgements possible?” Kant explains that this general problem involves two more specific questions about particular a priori sciences: “How is pure mathematics possible?” and “How is pure natural science possible?”— where the first concerns, above all, the possibility of Euclidean geometry, and the second concerns the possibility of fundamental laws of Newtonian mechanics such as (...)
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  48. Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity.Michael Friedman - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (4):531-553.
  49. Wissenschaftslogik: The Role of Logic in the Philosophy of Science.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Synthese 164 (3):385-400.
    Carl Hempel introduced what he called "Craig's theorem" into the philosophy of science in a famous discussion of the "problem of theoretical terms." Beginning with Hempel's use of 'Craig's theorem," I shall bring out some of the key differences between Hempel's treatment of the "problem of theoretical terms" and Carnap's in order to illuminate the peculiar function of Wissenschaftslogik in Carnap's mature philosophy. Carnap's treatment, in particular, is fundamentally antimetaphysical—he aims to use the tools of mathematical logic to dissolve rather (...)
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  50.  86
    Helmholtz’s Zeichentheorie and Schlick’s Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre: Early Logical Empiricism and Its Nineteenth-Century Background.Michael Friedman - 1997 - Philosophical Topics 25 (2):19-50.
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