Results for 'Michael Greger'

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  1.  55
    Transgenesis in Animal Agriculture: Addressing Animal Health and Welfare Concerns. [REVIEW]Michael Greger - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):451-472.
    The US Food and Drug Administration’s final Guidance for Industry on the regulation of transgenesis in animal agriculture has paved the way for the commercialization of genetically engineered (GE) farm animals. The production-related diseases associated with extant breeding technologies are reviewed, as well as the predictable welfare consequences of continued emphasis on prolificacy at the potential expense of physical fitness. Areas in which biotechnology could be used to improve the welfare of animals while maintaining profitability are explored along with regulatory (...)
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  2.  69
    Michael Huemer and the Principle of Phenomenal Conservatism.Michael Tooley - 2013 - In Chris Tucker (ed.), Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism. Oup Usa. pp. 306.
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  3.  5
    I–Michael Tye.Michael Tye - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):77-94.
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  4.  42
    II—Michael Ridge: Epistemology for Ecumenical Expressivists.Michael Ridge - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):83-108.
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  5. Perception, Knowledge and Freedom in the Age of Extremes: On the Historical Epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Michael Hagner - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120.
    This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting (...)
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  6.  4
    The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael Oakeshott on Education.Michael Oakeshott - 1989 - Yale University Press.
  7.  15
    Externalism and Memory: Michael Tye.Michael Tye - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):77-94.
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  8.  51
    I—Michael Smith.Michael Smith - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):93-109.
  9.  7
    II—Michael Otsuka.Michael Otsuka - 2004 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):151-166.
  10. Knowing and Being: Essays by Michael Polanyi.Michael Polanyi - 1969 - University of Chicago Press.
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  11. Double Effect, Triple Effect and the Trolley Problem: Squaring the Circle in Looping Cases: Michael Otsuka.Michael Otsuka - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (1):92-110.
    In the Trolley Case, as devised by Philippa Foot and modified by Judith Jarvis Thomson, a runaway trolley is headed down a main track and will hit and kill five unless you divert it onto a side track, where it will hit and kill one.
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  12. Causation and Responsibility*: MICHAEL S. MOORE.Michael S. Moore - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):1-51.
    In various areas of Anglo-American law, legal liability turns on causation. In torts and contracts, we are each liable only for those harms we have caused by the actions that breach our legal duties. Such doctrines explicitly make causation an element of liability. In criminal law, sometimes the causal element for liability is equally explicit, as when a statute makes punishable any act that has “ caused … abuse to the child….” More often, the causal element in criminal liability is (...)
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  13. Choice, Character, and Excuse*: MICHAEL S. MOORE.Michael S. Moore - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):29-58.
    Freud justified his extensive theorizing about dreams by the observation that they were “the royal road” to something much more general: namely, our unconscious mental life. The current preoccupation with the theory of excuse in criminal law scholarship can be given a similar justification, for the excuses are the royal road to theories of responsibility generally. The thought is that if we understand why we excuse in certain situations but not others, we will have also gained a much more general (...)
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  14.  89
    Self-Locating Credences.Michael G. Titelbaum - 2016 - In Alan Hajek Christopher Hitchcock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    A plea: If you're going to propose a Bayesian framework for updating self-locating degrees of belief, please read this piece first. I've tried to survey all the extant formalisms, group them by their general approach, then describe challenges faced by every formalism employing a given approach. Hopefully this survey will prevent further instances of authors' re-inventing updating rules already proposed elsewhere in the literature.
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  15.  54
    Euvoluntary or Not, Exchange is Just*: Michael C. Munger.Michael C. Munger - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):192-211.
    The arguments for redistribution of wealth, and for prohibiting certain transactions such as price-gouging, both are based in mistaken conceptions of exchange. This paper proposes a neologism, “euvoluntary” exchange, meaning both that the exchange is truly voluntary and that it benefits both parties to the transaction. The argument has two parts: First, all euvoluntary exchanges should be permitted, and there is no justification for redistribution of wealth if disparities result only from euvoluntary exchanges. Second, even exchanges that are not euvoluntary (...)
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  16.  84
    An Interview with Michael Walzer.Michael F. Shaughnessy & Mitja Sardoc - 2002 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 21 (1):65-75.
    Michael Walzer is currently at the School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, New Jersey. Professor Walzer has written Just and Unjust Wars; The Revolution of the Saints and has edited Toward A Global Civil Society. In this interview, he discusses some of the current concerns about education, political theory and the current state of the art of toleration, and acceptance and accommodation of different racial, ethnic, social and minority groups. He has published extensively and his (...)
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  17.  11
    A Rationalist Defence of Determinism.Michael A. Istvan - 2021 - Theoria 87 (2):394-434.
    Largely due to the popular allegation that contemporary science has uncovered indeterminism in the deepest known levels of physical reality, the debate as to whether humans have moral freedom, the sort of freedom on which moral responsibility depends, has put aside to some extent the traditional worry over whether determinism is true. As I argue in this paper, however, there are powerful proofs for both chronological determinism and necessitarianism, forms of determinism that pose the most penetrative threat to human moral (...)
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  18.  26
    I—Michael Williams: Mythology of the Given: Sosa, Sellars and the Task of Epistemology.Michael Williams - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):91-112.
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  19.  21
    I—Michael Ayres.Michael Ayres - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):91-110.
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  20.  16
    Michael Mann, "the Sources of Social Power". Volume I: "A History of Power From the Beginning to A.D. 1760".Barrington Moore & Michael Mann - 1988 - History and Theory 27 (2):169.
  21.  48
    Ask and It Will Be Given to You: Michael J. Murray and Kurt Meyers.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):311-330.
    Consider the following situation. It is the first day of school, and the new third-grade students file into the classroom to be shown to their seats for the coming year. As they enter, the third-grade teacher notices one small boy who is particularly unkempt. He looks to be in desperate need of bathing, and his clothes are dirty, torn and tight-fitting. During recess, the teacher pulls aside the boy's previous teacher and asks about his wretched condition. The other teacher informs (...)
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  22. Agent-Neutral Consequentialism From the Inside-Out: Concern for Integrity Without Self-Indulgence: Michael Ridge.Michael Ridge - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (2):236-254.
    Consequentialists are sometimes accused of being unable to accommodate all the ways in which an agent should care about her own integrity. Here it is helpful to follow Stephen Darwall in distinguishing two approaches to moral theory. First, we might begin with the value of states of affairs and then work our way ‘inward’ to our integrity, explaining the value of the latter in terms of their contribution to the value of the former. This is the ‘outside-in’ approach, and Darwall (...)
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  23.  14
    The Darwinian Revolution and its Counterrevolutionaries Then and Now: Randall Fuller: The Book That Changed America: How Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Ignited a Nation. New York: Viking, 2017, X + 294 Pp, $27.00 HB Michael J. Behe: Darwin Devolves: The New Science About DNA That Challenges Evolution. New York: HarperOne, 2019, 342 Pp, $28.99 HB.Michael A. Flannery - 2019 - Metascience 28 (3):405-413.
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  24.  5
    Interview: Michael Riffaterre.Michael Riffaterre - 1981 - Diacritics 11 (4):12.
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  25.  40
    Spirituality for the Godless: Michael McGhee.Michael McGhee - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:227-244.
    ‘Godless’ was never a neutral term: in 1528 William Tindale talked of ‘godlesse ypocrites and infidels’ and a ‘godless generation’ is one that has turned its back on God and the paths of righteousness. An atheist, by contrast, a new and self-conscious atheist perhaps, might now wear the term as a badge of pride, to indicate their rejection both of belief and the implication of moral turpitude. Traditionally, though, those who declared themselves ‘atheist’ had a hardly better press than the (...)
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  26.  34
    Authors’ Response: The Virtues of Minimalism in Ontology and Epistemology: Michael Esfeld and Dirk-André Deckert: A Minimalist Ontology of the Natural World. New York: Routledge, 2017, 182pp, US$140.00 HB.Michael Esfeld & Dirk-André Deckert - 2018 - Metascience 27 (3):443-451.
    The paper sets out and defends against criticism the claims argued for in the book A minimalist ontology of the natural world.
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  27.  36
    Seminar with Michael Walzer 21 May 1999 — Institute of Philosophy — Faculty of Theology — K.U. Leuven.Michael Walzer - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (3-4):220-242.
    Bart Pattyn: Needless to say, we are more than pleased with the willingness of Michael Walzer to be here in Leuven. After the stimulating lecture yesterday we now have the opportunity to pose some questions to Michael Walzer in the same room where we talked with his friend, Harry Frankfurt, as well as with Bernard Williams. I have asked Professor Selling to moderate this discussion which I am sure he will do with a firm hand.Joseph Selling: We have (...)
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  28.  70
    Science Friction: Phenomenology, Naturalism and Cognitive Science: Michael Wheeler.Michael Wheeler - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 72:135-167.
    Recent years have seen growing evidence of a fruitful engagement between phenomenology and cognitive science. This paper confronts an in-principle problem that stands in the way of this intellectual coalition, namely the fact that a tension exists between the transcendentalism that characterizes phenomenology and the naturalism that accompanies cognitive science. After articulating the general shape of this tension, I respond as follows. First, I argue that, if we view things through a kind of neo-McDowellian lens, we can open up a (...)
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  29.  9
    Seminar with Michael Walzer.Michael Walzer - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (3-4):220-242.
  30. The Moral Aspect of Nonmoral Goods and Evils: Michael J. Zimmerman.Michael J. Zimmerman - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (1):1-15.
    The idea that immoral behaviour can sometimes be admirable, and that moral behaviour can sometimes be less than admirable, has led several of its supporters to infer that moral considerations are not always overriding, contrary to what has been traditionally maintained. In this paper I shall challenge this inference. My purpose in doing so is to expose and acknowledge something that has been inadequately appreciated, namely, the moral aspect of nonmoral goods and evils. I hope thereby to show that, even (...)
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  31.  26
    Review of Michael Losonsky, Linguistic Turns in Modern Philosophy[REVIEW]Michael Ayers - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (10).
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  32. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  33.  74
    Sport as a Moral Practice: An Aristotelian Approach: Michael W. Austin.Michael W. Austin - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:29-43.
    Sport builds character. If this is true, why is there a consistent stream of news detailing the bad behavior of athletes? We are bombarded with accounts of elite athletes using banned performance-enhancing substances, putting individual glory ahead of the excellence of the team, engaging in disrespectful and even violent behavior towards opponents, and seeking victory above all else. We are also given a steady diet of more salacious stories that include various embarrassing, immoral, and illegal behaviors in the private lives (...)
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  34.  13
    What Is Realism?: Michael Ayres.Michael Ayres - 2001 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75 (1):91-110.
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  35. Personal Knowledge.Michael Polanyi - 1958 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    In this work the distinguished physical chemist and philosopher, Michael Polanyi, demonstrates that the scientist's personal participation in his knowledge, in ...
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  36.  32
    What is Realism?: Michael Ayres.Michael Ayres - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):91–110.
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  37.  40
    The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition.Michael Tomasello - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
    Ambitious and elegant, this book builds a bridge between evolutionary theory and cultural psychology. Michael Tomasello is one of the very few people to have done systematic research on the cognitive capacities of both nonhuman primates and human children. The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition identifies what the differences are, and suggests where they might have come from. -/- Tomasello argues that the roots of the human capacity for symbol-based culture, and the kind of psychological development that takes place (...)
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  38.  15
    Hegel on Action: Michael Inwood.Michael Inwood - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:141-154.
    One of the things that makes Hegel hard to understand is the difficulty of identifying the problems and questions to which he was responding, at least in a form in which we can appreciate them. There are several reasons for this. Firstly, he was involved in the intellectual life of his time, and many of the themes which engaged him have now lost their urgency. Secondly, because he wanted to connect every topic into a single, coherent system, and because the (...)
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  39.  54
    Michael McGhee, Transformations of Mind: Philosophy as Spiritual Practice Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Michael D. Kurak - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (3):189-191.
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  40.  88
    The Non-Arbitrariness of Reasons: Reply to Lenman: Michael Smith.Michael Smith - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):178-193.
    James Lenman is critical of my claim that moral requirements are requirements of reason. I argue that his criticisms miss their target. More importantly, I argue that the anti-rationalism that informs Lenman's criticisms is itself implausible.
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  41.  52
    What Does Death Have to Do with the Meaning of Life?: MICHAEL P. LEVINE.Michael P. Levine - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (4):457-465.
    Philosophers often distinguish in some way between two senses of life's meaning. Paul Edwards terms these a ‘cosmic’ and ‘terrestrial’ sense. The cosmic sense is that of an overall purpose of which our lives are a part and in terms of which our lives must be understood and our purposes and interests arranged. This overall purpose is often identified with God's divine scheme, but the two need not necessarily be equated. The terrestrial sense of meaning is the meaning people find (...)
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  42. Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley: Knowledge of God.Alvin Plantinga & Michael Tooley - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (2):105-107.
  43.  51
    Michael Aeschliman on Scientism Vs. Sapentia.Michael D. Aeschliman - 2009 - The Chesterton Review 35 (1/2):248-257.
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  44.  47
    Judgment Aggregation and Subjective Decision-Making*: Michael K. Miller.Michael K. Miller - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (2):205-231.
    I present an original model in judgment aggregation theory that demonstrates the general impossibility of consistently describing decision-making purely at the group level. Only a type of unanimity rule can guarantee a group decision is consistent with supporting reasons, and even this possibility is limited to a small class of reasoning methods. The key innovation is that this result holds when individuals can reason in different ways, an allowance not previously considered in the literature. This generalizes judgment aggregation to subjective (...)
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  45.  7
    When PISA Does Not Matter? The Case of the Czech Republic and Germany.David Greger - 2012 - Human Affairs 22 (1):31-42.
    The present paper gives an overview of the reflections of and reactions to publishing the results of the first wave of the OECD study Programme for International Student Assessment in the Czech Republic and in Germany. The choice of these two countries enables us to document how the same results could be perceived very differently in diverse country contexts and could lead to a different reaction from policy-makers. In spite of large reforms and numerous policy measures being adopted in Germany (...)
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  46.  21
    Michael Halewood A.N. Whitehead and Social Theory.Michael Carolan - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (1):176-178.
  47. Faces of Intention: Selected Essays on Intention and Agency.Michael E. Bratman - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays by one of the most prominent and internationally respected philosophers of action theory is concerned with deepening our understanding of the notion of intention. In Bratman's view, when we settle on a plan for action we are committing ourselves to future conduct in ways that help support important forms of coordination and organization both within the life of the agent and interpersonally. These essays enrich that account of commitment involved in intending, and explore its implications for (...)
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  48.  26
    Michael H. Robins, 1941-2002.Michael Bradie, David Copp & Christopher Morris - 2003 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 76 (5):167 - 168.
    This is an obituary for Michael H. Robins.
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  49. Time, Tense, and Causation.Michael Tooley - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Michael Tooley presents a major new philosophical theory of the nature of time, offering a powerful alternative to the traditional "tensed" and recent "tenseless" accounts of time. He argues for a dynamic conception of the universe, in which past, present, and future are not merely subjective features of experience. He claims that the past and the present are real, while the future is not. Tooley's approach accounts for time in terms of causation. He therefore claims that the key to (...)
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  50.  49
    Loux, Michael. J. Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction. [REVIEW]Michael Gorman - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):943-944.
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