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Michael L. Gross [58]Michael Gross [9]Michael K. Gross [3]Michael A. Gross [1]
  1.  39
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Saving Life, Limb, and Eyesight: Assessing the Medical Rules of Eligibility During Armed Conflict”.Michael L. Gross - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (10):1-3.
    Medical rules of eligibility permit severely injured Iraqi and Afghan nationals to receive care in Coalition medical facilities only if bed space is available and their injuries result directly from Coalition fire. The first rule favors Coalition soldiers over host-nation nationals and contradicts the principle of impartial, needs-based medical care. To justify preferential care for compatriots, wartime medicine invokes associative obligations of care that favor friends, family, and comrades-in-arms. Associative obligations have little place in peacetime medical care but significantly affect (...)
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  2.  24
    Moral Dilemmas of Modern War: Torture, Assassination, and Blackmail in an Age of Asymmetric Conflict.Michael L. Gross - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Asymmetric conflict is changing the way that we practise and think about war. Torture, rendition, assassination, blackmail, extortion, direct attacks on civilians, and chemical weapons are all finding their way to the battlefield despite longstanding international prohibitions. This book offers a practical guide for policy makers, military officers, students, and others who ask such questions as: do guerillas deserve respect or long jail sentences? Are there grounds to torture guerillas for information or assassinate them on the battlefield? Is there room (...)
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  3.  30
    What Have I Done to Deserve This? Effects of Employee Personality and Emotion on Abusive Supervision.Christine A. Henle & Michael A. Gross - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (3):461-474.
    Drawing on victim precipitation theory, we propose that certain employees are more likely to perceive abusive supervision because of their personality traits. Specifically, we hypothesize that subordinates’ emotional stability, conscientiousness, and agreeableness will be negatively related to perceived abuse from their supervisor and that negative emotions at work will mediate these relationships. We surveyed 222 employees and found that emotional stability and conscientiousness negatively predicted employees’ self-reports of abusive supervision and that this relationship was mediated by negative emotions. Thus, employees (...)
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  4. Why treat the wounded? Warrior care, military salvage, and national health.Michael L. Gross - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):3 – 12.
    Because the goal of military medicine is salvaging the wounded who can return to duty, military medical ethics cannot easily defend devoting scarce resources to those so badly injured that they cannot return to duty. Instead, arguments turn to morale and political obligation to justify care for the seriously wounded. Neither argument is satisfactory. Care for the wounded is not necessary to maintain an army's morale. Nor is there any moral or logical connection between the right to health care (a (...)
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  5.  14
    Autonomy and Paternalism in Communitarian Society Patient Rights in Israel.Michael L. Gross - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (4):13-20.
    The Israeli Patient Rights Act attempts to accommodate personal autonomy within an avowedly paternalist communitarian state. Although Israel is still groping toward a solution, the legislation begins to show the different form a communitarian version of autonomy must take.
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  6.  68
    Ethics and activism: the theory and practice of political morality.Michael L. Gross - 1997 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Responsible citizens are expected to combine ethical judgement with judiciously exercised social activism to preserve the moral foundation of democratic society and prevent political injustice. But do they? Utilizing a research model integrating insights from rational choice theory and cognitive developmental psychology this book carefully explores three exemplary cases of morally inspired activism: Jewish rescue in wartime Europe, abortion politics in the United States, and peace and settler activism in Israel. From all three analyses a single conclusion emerges: the most (...)
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  7.  19
    Garasic review, Guantanamo and other cases of enforced medical treatment.Michael L. Gross - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (1):27-27.
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  8.  15
    Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Mapping The Moral Dimensions of Medicine and War.Michael L. Gross - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 34 (6):22-30.
    Medical ethics in times of war are fundamentally different from those in times of peace. War brings military and medical values into conflict, often overwhelming other moral obligations, such as a doctor's charge to relieve suffering, in the face of military necessity.
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  9.  17
    Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Mapping The Moral Dimensions of Medicine and War.Michael L. Gross - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (6):22-30.
    Medical ethics in times of war are fundamentally different from those in times of peace. War brings military and medical values into conflict, often overwhelming other moral obligations, such as a doctor's charge to relieve suffering, in the face of military necessity.
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  10.  65
    Medicalized WEAPONS & Modern WAR.Michael L. Gross - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (1):34-43.
    “Medicalized” weapons—those that rely on advances in neuroscience, physiology, and pharmacology—offer the prospect of reducing casualties and protecting civilians. They could be especially useful in modern asymmetric wars in which conventional states are pitted against guerrilla or insurgent forces. But may physicians and other medical workers participate in their development?
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  11.  70
    Israel: Bioethics in a Jewish-Democratic State.Michael L. Gross & Vardit Ravitsky - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):247-255.
    Unlike most Western nations, Israel does not recognize full separation of church and state but seeks instead a gentle fusion of Jewish and democratic values. Inasmuch as important religious norms such as sanctity of life may clash with dignity, privacy, and self-determination, conflicts frequently arise as Israeli lawmakers, ethicists, and healthcare professionals attempt to give substance to the idea of a Jewish-democratic state. Emerging issues in Israeli bioethics—end-of-life treatment, fertility, genetic research, and medical ethics during armed conflict—highlight this conflict vividly.
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  12.  59
    Is There a Duty to Die for Humanity?: Humanitarian Intervention, Military Service and Political Obligation.Michael L. Gross - 2008 - Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (3):213-229.
  13.  49
    Doctors in the decent society: Torture, ill-treatment and civic duty.Michael L. Gross - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (2):181–203.
    ABSTRACT How should physicians act when faced with corporal punishment, such as amputation, or torture? In most cases, the answer is clear: international law, UN resolutions and universal codes of medical ethics absolutely forbid physicians from countenancing torture and corporal punishment in any form. An acute problem arises, however, in decent societies, but not necessarily liberal states, that are, nonetheless, welcome in the world community. The decent society is often governed, in whole or in part, by religious laws, and while (...)
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  14. Assassination and targeted killing: Law enforcement, execution or self-defence?Michael L. Gross - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):323–335.
    abstract During the current round of fighting in the Middle East, Israel has provoked considerable controversy as it turned to targeted killings or assassination to battle militants. While assassination has met with disfavour among traditional observers, commentators have, more recently, sought to justify targeted killings with an appeal to both self‐defence and law enforcement. While each paradigm allows the use of lethal force, they are fundamentally incompatible, the former stipulating moral innocence and the latter demanding the presumption of criminal guilt. (...)
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  15.  24
    Medical Sanctions Against Russia: Arresting Aggression or Abrogating Healthcare Rights?Michael L. Gross - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-14.
    Since 2022, the EU, US, and other nations have imposed medical sanctions on Russia to block the export of pharmaceuticals and medical devices and curtail clinical trials to degrade Russia’s military capabilities. While international law proscribes sanctions that cause a humanitarian crisis, an outcome averted in Russia, the military effects of medical sanctions have been lean. Strengthening medical sanctions risks violating noncombatant and combatant rights to healthcare. Each group’s claim is different. Noncombatants and severely injured soldiers who cannot return to (...)
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  16.  19
    Military Medical Ethics.Michael L. Gross - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):92-109.
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  17.  76
    Abortion and neonaticide: Ethics, practice and policy in four nations.Michael L. Gross - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (3):202–230.
    Abortion, particularly late‐term abortion, and neonaticide, selective non‐treatment of newborns, are feasible management strategies for fetuses or newborns diagnosed with severe abnormalities. However, policy varies considerably among developed nations. This article examines abortion and neonatal policy in four nations: Israel, the US, the UK and Denmark. In Israel, late‐term abortion is permitted while non‐treatment of newborns is prohibited. In the US, on the other hand, late‐term abortion is severely restricted, while treatment to newborns may be withdrawn. Policy in the UK (...)
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  18. Ethics and Activism, the Theory and Practice of Political Morality.Michael L. Gross - 2000 - Mind 109 (435):604-608.
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  19.  8
    The Custom-Made Child?: Women-Centered Perspectives.Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins & Michael Gross - 1981 - Humana Press.
    Women most fully experience the consequences of human reproductive technologies. Men who convene to evaluate such technologies discuss "them": the women who must accept, avoid, or even resist these technologies; the women who consume technologies they did not devise; the women who are the objects of policies made by men. So often the input of women is neither sought nor listened to. The privileged insights and perspectives that women bring to the consideration of technologies in human reproduction are the subject (...)
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  20.  86
    Teaching Military Medical Ethics: Another Look at Dual Loyalty and Triage.Michael L. Gross - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (4):458-464.
    Military medical ethics is garnering growing attention today among medical personal in the American and other armies. Short courses or workshops in “battlefield ethics” for military physicians, nurses, medics, social workers, and psychologists address the nature of patient rights in the military, care for detainees, enemy soldiers and local civilians, problems posed by limited resources, ethical questions arising in humanitarian missions, as well as end-of-life issues, ethics consultations, care for veterans, advance directives, and assisted suicide. Although many of these issues (...)
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  21.  11
    Doctors in the Decent Society: Torture, Ill‐Treatment and Civic Duty.Michael L. Gross - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (2):181-203.
    ABSTRACT How should physicians act when faced with corporal punishment, such as amputation, or torture? In most cases, the answer is clear: international law, UN resolutions and universal codes of medical ethics absolutely forbid physicians from countenancing torture and corporal punishment in any form. An acute problem arises, however, in decent societies, but not necessarily liberal states, that are, nonetheless, welcome in the world community. The decent society is often governed, in whole or in part, by religious laws, and while (...)
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  22.  17
    The lessened locus of feelings: A transformation in French physiology in the early nineteenth century.Michael Gross - 1979 - Journal of the History of Biology 12 (2):231-271.
  23.  21
    The Second Lebanon War: The Question of Proportionality and the Prospect of Non-Lethal Warfare.Michael L. Gross - 2008 - Journal of Military Ethics 7 (1):1-22.
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  24. After Feticide: Coping with Late-Term Abortion in Israel, Western Europe, and the United States.Michael L. Gross - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):449-462.
    Although the abortion debate continues to simmer in many places, the general issue of a woman's right to an abortion, at least in the Western democracies, is largely settled. In its place, the question of late-term abortion begins to assume a prominence only recently attributed to abortion itself. The advent of sophisticated fetal screening techniques makes possible detection of potentially severe fetal anomalies that in many cases are detected only late in the pregnancy, resulting in the need for late-term abortion.
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  25.  6
    Treating the innocent victims of trolleys and war.Michael L. Gross - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    Both trolleys and war leave innocent victims to suffer death and injury. Trolley problems accounting for the injured, and not only the dead, tease out intuitions about liability that enhance our understanding of the obligation to provide compensation and medical care to civilian victims of war. Like many trolley victims, civilians in war may suffer justifiable, excusable, or negligent harms that demand compensation. Chief among these is collateral harm befalling civilians. Collateral harm is endemic to war and comprises permissible but (...)
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  26.  22
    Review of Jane J. Mansbridge: Beyond Self-Interest[REVIEW]Michael L. Gross - 1991 - Ethics 101 (4):875-876.
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  27.  28
    The Ethics of Insurgency: A Brief Overview.Michael L. Gross - 2015 - Journal of Military Ethics 14 (3-4):248-250.
    ABSTRACTAre all forms of guerilla warfare apprehensible? Or can there be such a thing as just guerilla warfare? If so, what would be the reasonable requirements we would make of guerillas in order to consider them just? The remarks below, based on my new book The Ethics of Insurgency; A Critical Guide to Just Guerilla Warfare, summarize my attempts to answer those questions, discussing such issues as legitimate authority, just cause, and compliance with the laws of armed conflict, including the (...)
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  28.  4
    When Medical Ethics and Military Ethics Collide.Michael L. Gross - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (3):199-204.
    In 12 narratives, medical workers from Afghanistan, Darfur, Gaza, Iraq, Israel, Myanmar, and Ukraine describe the day-to-day challenges of providing quality medical care in austere conflict zones. Faced with severe shortages of supplies, overwhelmed by sick and injured civilians and soldiers, and subject to constant attacks on medical personnel and facilities, the contributors to this collection confront difficult dilemmas of justice, medical impartiality, neutrality, burnout, and moral injury as they struggle to fulfill their duties as medical professionals, military officers, and (...)
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  29. Physician-Assisted Draft Evasion: Civil Disobedience, Medicine, and War.Michael L. Gross - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (4):444-454.
    From the first days of conscription, physicians have declared their opposition to unjust wars by using their good offices to aid draft evaders.
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  30.  15
    Birth Control and Controlling Birth. Women-Centered Perspectives.Jean Bethke Elshtain, Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins & Michael Gross - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (1):40.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Custom‐Made Child? Women‐Centered Perspectives. Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins, Michael Gross, editors.
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  31.  85
    Medical ethics education: to what ends?Michael L. Gross - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (4):387-397.
  32.  25
    Soft War: The Ethics of Unarmed Conflict.Michael L. Gross & Tamar Meisels - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Just war theory focuses primarily on bodily harm, such as killing, maiming, and torture, while other harms are often largely overlooked. At the same time, contemporary international conflicts increasingly involve the use of unarmed tactics, employing 'softer' alternatives or supplements to kinetic power that have not been sufficiently addressed by the ethics of war or international law. Soft war tactics include cyber-warfare and economic sanctions, media warfare, and propaganda, as well as non-violent resistance as it plays out in civil disobedience, (...)
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  33.  13
    Crying Is in the Eyes of the Beholder: An Attribution Theory Framework of Crying at Work.William Becker, Samantha Conroy, Emilija Djurdjevic & Michael Gross - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (2):125-137.
    This article contributes to research on emotion expression, attributions, and discrete work emotions by developing an observer-focused model to explain the outcomes of crying at work. Our model is focused on crying as a form of emotion expression because crying may be driven by different felt emotions or be used as a means of manipulation. In addition, the model focuses on observers, who must form perceptions of the emotion expression in order to determine an appropriate response. This model is particularly (...)
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  34.  28
    Carlos Aldana-Valenzuela, MD, is Chief of the Department of Neonatology at the Hospital de Ginecopediatria of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico. He is also a member of the Center for Studies in Bioethics at the University of Guanajuato.M. L. S. Bette Anton, Claire Brett, Michele A. Carter, Thomas A. Cavanaugh, Pieter de Vries Robbe, Richard Gorlin, Michael L. Gross & Matti Häyry - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10:3-5.
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  35.  48
    Herbert J. Bonifacio is an adolescent.Shawneequa L. Callier, Christine Grady & Michael L. Gross - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  36.  19
    Birth Control and Controlling Birth. Women-Centered Perspectives.Jean Bethke Elshtain, Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins & Michael Gross - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (1):40.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Custom‐Made Child? Women‐Centered Perspectives. Helen B. Holmes, Betty B. Hoskins, Michael Gross, editors.
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  37.  12
    Bertolt Brecht und die Philosophie.Michael Gross - 1988 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 36 (3):213.
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  38.  24
    Backfire: The Dark Side of Nonviolent Resistance.Michael L. Gross - 2018 - Ethics and International Affairs 32 (3):317-328.
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  39.  59
    Comradery, community, and care in military medical ethics.Michael L. Gross - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):337-350.
    Medical ethics prohibits caregivers from discriminating and providing preferential care to their compatriots and comrades. In military medicine, particularly during war and when resources may be scarce, ethical principles may dictate priority care for compatriot soldiers. The principle of nondiscrimination is central to utilitarian and deontological theories of justice, but communitarianism and the ethics of care and friendship stipulate a different set of duties for community members, friends, and family. Similar duties exist among the small cohesive groups that typify many (...)
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  40.  20
    Cecile Fabre, Economic Statecraft: Human Rights, Sanctions and Conditionality.Michael L. Gross - 2020 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 15 (1):119-122.
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  41.  12
    Diplomacy and just war.Michael L. Gross - 2013 - In Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas G. Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge. pp. 147.
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  42. Exitus Acta Probat? Reply.Michael L. Gross - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):5-5.
     
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  43.  9
    Ethics Committees in Israel: For Better or Worse.Michael L. Gross - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):49-50.
  44.  73
    Ethics, policy, and rare genetic disorders: The case of gaucher disease in Israel.Michael L. Gross - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (2):151-170.
    Gaucher disease is a rare, chronic,ethnic-specific genetic disorder affecting Jewsof Eastern European descent. It is extremelyexpensive to treat and presents difficultdilemmas for officials and patients in Israelwhere many patients live. First, high-cost,high-benefit, but low volume treatment forGaucher creates severe allocation dilemmas forpolicy makers. Allocation policies driven bycost effectiveness, age, opportunity or needmake it difficult to justify funding. Processoriented decision making based on terms of faircooperation or decisions invoking the ``rule ofrescue'''' risk discriminating against minoritieswho may already suffer from inequitabledistribution of (...)
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  45.  20
    In Defence of War, by Nigel Biggar.Michael L. Gross - 2016 - Mind 125 (498):558-562.
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  46.  10
    In Response to the Commentators.Michael L. Gross - 2015 - Journal of Military Ethics 14 (3-4):266-271.
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  47.  15
    Letter to the editor.Michael L. Gross - 2018 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 39 (4):335-336.
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  48. Michael L. Gross replies.Michael L. Gross - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):5-5.
  49. Military Medical Ethics.Michael L. Gross - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):92-109.
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  50.  17
    Military Medical Ethics for the 21st Century.Michael L. Gross & Don Carrick (eds.) - 2012 - Ashgate.
    Military Medical Ethics for the 21st Century is the first full length, broad-based treatment of this important subject. Written by an international team of practitioners and academics, this book provides interdisciplinary insights into the major issues facing military-medical decision makers and critically examines the tensions and dilemmas inherent in the military and medical professions. In this book the authors explore the practice of battlefield bioethics, medical neutrality and treatment of the wounded, enhancement technologies for war fighters, the potential risks of (...)
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