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Profile: Michael Heidelberger (Universität Tübingen)
  1. Alternative Interpretationen der Repräsentationstheorie der Messung.Michael Heidelberger - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen / Analyomen: Proceedings of the 1st Conference. De Gruyter. pp. 310-323.
    Four different interpretations of measurement are distinguished that are compatible with the formal frame of the representational theory of measurement: (1) the classical interpretation, the additive, (3) the operationalis, (4) the correlative one.
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    Nature From Within: Gustav Theodor Fechner and His Psychophysical Worldview.Michael Heidelberger & Cynthia Klohr - 2004 - Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Michael Heidelberger's exhaustive exploration of Fechner's writings, in relation to current issues in the field, successfully reestablishes Fechner'...
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  3.  34
    Applying Models in Fluid Dynamics.Michael Heidelberger - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):49 – 67.
    The following article treats the 'applicational turn' of modern fluid dynamics as it set in at the beginning of the 20th century with Ludwig Prandtl's concept of the boundary layer. It seeks to show that there is much more to applying a theory in a highly mathematical field like fluid dynamics than deriving a special case from a general explanatory theory under particular antecedent conditions. In Prandtl's case, the decisive move was to introduce a model that provided a physical/causal conception (...)
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  4. The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism.Michael Heidelberger - 2003 - In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Cogprints. Pittsburgh University Pres. pp. 233--262.
    In the 19th century, "Psychophysical Parallelism" was the most popular solution of the mind-body problem among physiologists, psychologists and philosophers. (This is not to be mixed up with Leibnizian and other cases of "Cartesian" parallelism.) The fate of this non-Cartesian view, as founded by Gustav Theodor Fechner, is reviewed. It is shown that Feigl's "identity theory" eventually goes back to Alois Riehl who promoted a hybrid version of psychophysical parallelism and Kantian mind-body theory which was taken up by Feigl's teacher (...)
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  5. Theory-Ladenness and Scientific Instruments in Experimentation.Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    Since the late 1950s one of the most important and influential views of post-positivist philosophy of science has been the theory-ladenness of observation. It comes in at least two forms: either as a psychological law pertaining to human perception (whether scientific or not) or as conceptual insight concerning the nature and functioning of scientific language and its meaning. According to its psychological form, perceptions of scientists, as perceptions of humans generally, are guided by prior beliefs and expectations, and perception has (...)
     
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  6.  34
    From Neo-Kantianism to Critical Realism: Space and the Mind-Body Problem in Riehl and Schlick.Michael Heidelberger - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (1):26-48.
    This article deals with Moritz Schlick's critical realism and its sources that dominated his philosophy until about 1925. It is shown that his celebrated analysis of Einstein's relativity theory is the result of an earlier philosophical discussion about space perception and its role for the theory of space. In particular, Schlick's "method of coincidences" did not owe anything to "entirely new principles" based on the work of Einstein, Poincaré or Hilbert, as claimed by Michael Friedman, but was already in place (...)
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  7. Functional Relations and Causality in Fechner and Mach.Michael Heidelberger - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):163 – 172.
    In the foundations of Fechner's psychophysics, the concept of “functional relation” plays a highly relevant role in three different respects: (1) in respect to the principles of measurement, (2) in respect to the mind-body problem, and (3) in respect to the concept of a law of nature. In all three cases, it is important to explain the difference between a functional dependency of a variable upon another and a causal relationship between two (or more) variables. In all three respects, Ernst (...)
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  8.  57
    Origins of the Logical Theory of Probability: Von Kries, Wittgenstein, Waismann.Michael Heidelberger - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):177 – 188.
    The physiologist and neo-Kantian philosopher Johannes von Kries (1853-1928) wrote one of the most philosophically important works on the foundation of probability after P.S. Laplace and before the First World War, his Principien der Wohrscheinlich-keitsrechnung (1886, repr. 1927). In this book, von Kries developed a highly original interpretation of probability, which maintains it to be both logical and objectively physical. After presenting his approach I shall pursue the influence it had on Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Waismann. It seems that von (...)
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  9. Force, Law, and Experiment: The Evolution of Helmholtz's Philosophy of Science.Michael Heidelberger - 1993 - In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann Von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press. pp. 461-497.
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  10. Naturphilosophie.Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    Naturphilosophie refers to the philosophy of nature prevalent especially in German phi- losophy, science and literary movements from around 1790 to about 1830. It pleaded for an organic and dynamic worldview as an alternative to the atomist and mechanist outlook of modern science. Against the Cartesian dualism of matter and mind which had given way to the mechanist materialism of the French Encyclopedists, Spinoza’s dual aspect theory of mind and matter as two modes of a single substance was favoured. The (...)
     
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  11.  9
    Fechner's Impact for Measurement Theory.Michael Heidelberger - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):146.
  12.  24
    Naturphilosophie.Gregor Schiemann & Michael Heidelberger - 1999 - In H. J. Sandkühler (ed.), Enzyklopädie Philosophie. Meiner.
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  13.  40
    Causal and Symbolic Understanding in Historical Epistemology.Michael Heidelberger - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (3):467-482.
    The term “historical epistemology” can be read in two different ways: (1) as referring to a program of ‘historicizing’ epistemology, in the sense of a critique of traditional epistemology’s tendency to gloss over historical context, or (2) as a manifesto of ‘epistemologizing’ history, i.e. as a critique of radical historicist and relativist approaches. In this paper I will defend a position in this second sense. I show that one can account for the historical development and diversity of science without disavowing (...)
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  14.  17
    Beziehungen zwischen Sinnesphysiologie und Philosophie im 19. Jahrhundert.Michael Heidelberger - 1997 - In H. J. Sandkühler (ed.), Philosophie Und Wissenschaften. Peter Lang. pp. 37--58.
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  15.  15
    Some Intertheoretic Relations Between Ptolemean and Copernican Astronomy.Michael Heidelberger - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (3):323 - 336.
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  16. The Probabilistic Revolution, Volume 1.Lorenz Krüger, Lorraine J. Daston & Michael Heidelberger (eds.) - 1990 - Mit Press: Cambridge.
     
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  17.  37
    Models in Fluid Dynamics.Michael Heidelberger - unknown
    In this paper, I would like to show that considering technological models as they arise in engineering disciplines can greatly enrich the philosophical perspective on models. In fluid mechanics, (at least) three types of models are distinguished: mathematical, computer and physical models. Very often, the choice of a particular mathematical, computer or physical model highly affects the type of solutions and the computational time needed for it. Technological models not only aim at a correct description of the physical phenomena, but (...)
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  18.  12
    Aspects of Current History of 19TH Century Philosophy of Science.Michael Heidelberger - 2010 - In F. Stadler, D. Dieks, W. Gonzales, S. Hartmann, T. Uebel & M. Weber (eds.), The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 67--74.
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  19.  7
    Origins of Logical Empiricism. [REVIEW]Michael Heidelberger - 1999 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 6:307-311.
    Alan Richardson, one of the editors of the present volume, dryly remarks in a footnote to the introduction: “Logical empiricism remains alive in philosophical memory chiefly by the significance of its death.” I think that this pertinent paradox can be enlarged to generally characterise the relation of present-day philosophy of science to logical empiricism : the more philosophy of science has struggled in the past to distance itself from central tenets of the movement of LE, the more it had to (...)
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  20.  5
    Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Revolutionary Change: The Case of Ohm as an Example.Michael Heidelberger - 1980 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 11 (2):103-121.
  21.  9
    Die Logik der Kriterien.Michael Heidelberger - 1977 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 4:172-184.
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  22.  16
    Review. [REVIEW]Manfred Stöckler, A. F. Chalmers, Michael Heidelberger & Gregory Currie - 1981 - Erkenntnis 16 (1):444-446.
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  23.  14
    Büchner, Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig (Louis) (1824--99).Michael Heidelberger - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 48-51.
    Ludwig Büchner wrote one of the most popular and polemical books of the strong materialist movement in the later nineteenth-century Germany, his Kraft und Stoff (Force and Matter) (1855). He tried to develop a comprehensive worldview, which was based solely on the findings of empirical science and did not take refuge in religion or any other transcendent categories in explaining nature and its development, including human beings. When Büchner tried to expose the backwardness of traditional philosophical and religious views in (...)
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  24.  3
    Wackermann, Jiří (Ed.).Michael Heidelberger - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (2).
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  25. Der Psychophysische Parallelismus: Von Fechner Und Mach Zu Davidson Und Wieder Zurück.Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    In philosophischen wie nichtphilosophischen Darstellungen wird heutzutage der Ursprung des Leib-Seele-Problems überwiegend mit dem kartesischen Dualismus in Verbindung gebracht. Es wird die Meinung vertreten, daß erst durch Descartes’ Aufteilung des Menschen (und damit der Welt) in die beiden einander ausschließenden Substanzen der res extensa und der res cogitans das philosophische Grundübel in die Leib-Seele-Philosophie gekommen sei.1 Folgerichtig ist man fest davon überzeugt, daß sich das Problem nur lösen läßt, wenn man es an der Wurzel packt und konsequent Descartes’ ontologischen Dualismus (...)
     
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  26.  2
    Was ist eine Art?Michael Heidelberger - 2010 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 58 (5):816-822.
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  27. Innen Und Außen in der Wahrnehmung: Zwei Auffassungen Des 19. Jahrhunderts (Und Was Daraus Wurde).Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    Um die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts tritt die Sinnesphysiologie in eine neue Phase ein. Sie löst sich allmählich von der akademischen Philosophie und bildet sich zu einer professionellen experimentellen Disziplin aus. Trotzdem ist die Philosophie aber nicht völlig aus dem Spiel; es kommt vielmehr zu einem Wettstreit physiologischer Schulen innerhalb der Physiologie selbst um ihre impliziten philosophischen Anschauungen. Außerdem liefern sich die längst etablierte Disziplinen der Physik, Physiologie und Psychologie so etwas wie einen Machtkampf um das Anrecht, die Sinnesphysiologie als (...)
     
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  28. Weltbildveränderungen in der Modernen Physik Vor Dem Ersten Weltkrieg.Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    Der Weltbildbegriff, wie er sich im 19. Jahrhundert herausgebildet hat, bezeichnet die zusammenfassende Darstellung der Welt gemäß den Ergebnissen der Naturwissenschaften. Mehr oder weniger untergründig ist damit aber noch mehr mitgemeint: eine aus der Wissenschaft fließende Weltdeutung, die sich an die Stelle der überkommenen Sinnorientierungen und deren Instanzen setzt. Die wissenschaftliche Forschung des späten 19. Jahrhunderts sah sich diesem Ziel der Weltdeutung aus Wissenschaft zum Greifen nahe. Die Generation jener Zeit lebte im Bewußtsein, wie es der Berliner Philosophieprofessor Friedrich Paulsen (...)
     
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  29. Fechners Wissenschaftlich-Philosophische Weltauffassung.Michael Heidelberger - manuscript
    Wenn hier Fechners Philosophie als „wissenschaftlich-philosophische Weltauffassung“ bezeichnet wird, dann soll damit gesagt werden, dass Fechner mit seiner Philosophie einen wissenschaftlichen Anspruch verfolgt hat und dass sie tatsächlich auf einem weltanschauungsfreien Fundament ruht. Ich möchte sogar so weit gehen zu behaupten, dass Fechner damit zur Tradition der „wissenschaftlichen Philosophie“ des 19. Jahrhunderts zu rechnen ist, deren folgenreichstes späteres Produkt im 20. Jahrhundert der logische Empirismus darstellt. Der „Wiener Kreis“ als die bekannteste Schule dieser Tradition bediente sich (in seinem Manifest von (...)
     
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  30.  1
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Michael Heidelberger - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):406-410.
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  31. A "Pure" Organic Chemist's Downward Path: Chapter 3—"Retirement".Michael Heidelberger - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (4):619-636.
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  32. Backmatter.Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer - 1983 - In Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer (eds.), Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. De Gruyter. pp. 332-334.
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  33. Cogprints.Michael Heidelberger - 2003
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  34. Criticism of Positivism : Emile Meyerson and Hélène Metzger.Michael Heidelberger - 1988 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 8:151-160.
     
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  35. Die Logik der Kriterien: Analysen zur Spätphilosophie Wittgensteins. [REVIEW]Michael Heidelberger - 1977 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 4:172-184.
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  36. Einleitung.Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer - 1983 - In Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer (eds.), Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. De Gruyter. pp. 1-19.
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  37. Ergänzende Literaturangaben.Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer - 1983 - In Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer (eds.), Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. De Gruyter. pp. 20-23.
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  38. Frontmatter.Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer - 1983 - In Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer (eds.), Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. De Gruyter.
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  39. Helmholtz als Philosoph.Michael Heidelberger - 1995 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 43 (5):835-844.
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  40. History of Philosophy of Science New Trends and Perspectives.Michael Heidelberger & Friedrich Stadler - 2002
  41. Inhalt.Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer - 1983 - In Michael Heidelberger & Wolfgang Balzer (eds.), Zur Logik Empirischer Theorien. De Gruyter.
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  42. La contingenza delle leggi di natura in Boutroux.Michael Heidelberger - 2006 - Discipline Filosofiche 16 (2).
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  43. Logical Empiricism: Historical & Contemporary Perspectives.Michael Heidelberger - 2003 - Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  44. MENDELSOHN, EVERETT and ELKANA, YEHUDA : "Sciences and Culture: Anthropological and Historical Studies of the Sciences". [REVIEW]Michael Heidelberger - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34:406.
     
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  45. Räumliches Sehen bei Helmholtz und Hering.Michael Heidelberger - 1993 - Philosophia Naturalis 30 (1):1-28.
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  46. Schwerpunkt: zum Wandel der Wissenschaftsauffassung im Späten 19. Jahrhundert: Hermann von Helmholtz'Erkenntnistheorie in der Diskussion.Michael Heidelberger - 1995 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 43 (5):815-817.
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  47. Towards a Logical Reconstruction of Revolutionary Change: The Case of Ohm as an Example.Michael Heidelberger - 1980 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 11 (2):103.
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  48.  17
    The Significance of the Hypothetical in Natural Science.Michael Heidelberger & Gregor Schiemann (eds.) - 2009 - De Gruyter.
    How was the hypothetical character of theories of experiencethought about throughout the history of science? The essays cover periods from the middle ages to the 19th and 20th centuries. It is fascinating to see how natural scientists and philosophers were increasingly forced to realize that a natural science without hypotheses is not possible.
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  49. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9/2001: History of Philosophy of Science - New Trends and Perspectives.Michael Heidelberger & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  50. Wie das Leib-Seele Problem in den Logischen Empirismus kam.Michael Heidelberger - 2005 - E-Journal Philosophie der Psychologie 2.
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