17 found
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Michael Townsen Hicks [6]Michael Hicks [6]Michael A. Hicks [3]Michael R. Hicks [2]
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Michael Hicks
University of Cologne
Michael R. Hicks
Miami University, Ohio
  1. Derivative Properties in Fundamental Laws.Michael Townsen Hicks & Jonathan Schaffer - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2).
    Orthodoxy has it that only metaphysically elite properties can be invoked in scientifically elite laws. We argue that this claim does not fit scientific practice. An examination of candidate scientifically elite laws like Newton’s F = ma reveals properties invoked that are irreversibly defined and thus metaphysically non-elite by the lights of the surrounding theory: Newtonian acceleration is irreversibly defined as the second derivative of position, and Newtonian resultant force is irreversibly defined as the sum of the component forces. We (...)
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  2. Humean Laws and Circular Explanation.Michael Townsen Hicks & Peter van Elswyk - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (2):433-443.
    Humeans are often accused of accounting for natural laws in such a way that the fundamental entities that are supposed to explain the laws circle back and explain themselves. Loewer (2012) contends this is only the appearance of circularity. When it comes to the laws of nature, the Humean posits two kinds of explanation: metaphysical and scientific. The circle is then cut because the kind of explanation the laws provide for the fundamental entities is distinct from the kind of explanation (...)
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  3.  56
    Dynamic Humeanism.Michael Townsen Hicks - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx006.
    Humean accounts of laws of nature fail to distinguish between dynamic laws and static initial conditions. But this distinction plays a central role in scientific theorizing and explanation. I motivate the claim that this distinction should matter for the Humean, and show that current views lack the resources to explain it. I then develop a regularity theory that captures this distinction. My view takes empirical accessibility to be one of the primary features of laws, and I identify features laws must (...)
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  4.  29
    Dynamic Humeanism.Michael Townsen Hicks - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):983-1007.
    Humean accounts of laws of nature fail to distinguish between dynamic laws and static initial conditions. But this distinction plays a central role in scientific theorizing and explanation. I motivate the claim that this distinction should matter for the Humean, and show that current views lack the resources to explain it. I then develop a regularity theory that captures this distinction. My view takes empirical accessibility to be one of the primary features of laws, and I identify features laws must (...)
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  5.  17
    The Presentational Use of Descriptions.Michael R. Hicks - 2019 - Analytic Philosophy 60 (4):361-384.
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  6. A Note on Pretense and Co-Reference.Michael Hicks - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 149 (3):395 - 400.
    Anna Pautz has recently argued that the pretense theory of thought about fiction cannot explain how two people can count as thinking about the same fictional character. This is based on conflating pretending and the serious thought that can be based on pretend. With this distinction in place, her objections are groundless.
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  7.  74
    Pretense and Fiction-Directed Thought.Michael R. Hicks - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (6):1549-1573.
    Thought about fictional characters is special, and needs to be distinguished from ordinary world-directed thought. On my interpretation, Kendall Walton and Gareth Evans have tried to show how this serious fiction-directed thought can arise from engagement with a kind of pretending. Many criticisms of their account have focused on the methodological presupposition, that fiction-directed thought is the appropriate explanandum. In the first part of this paper, I defend the methodological claim, and thus the existence of the problem to which pretense (...)
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  8.  24
    Ian Mortimer, The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Ruler of England, 1327–1330. London: Random House, 2003. Pp. Xix, 377 Plus Black-and-White Figures; Maps. £17.99.Michael A. Hicks - 2005 - Speculum 80 (2):644-645.
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  9.  14
    Making Fit Fit.Michael Townsen Hicks - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (5):931-943.
    Reductionist accounts of objective chance rely on a notion of fit, which ties the chances at a world to the frequencies at that world. Here, I criticize extant measures of the fit of a chance system and draw on recent literature in epistemic utility theory to propose a new model: chances fit a world insofar as they are accurate at that world. I show how this model of fit does a better job of explaining the normative features of chance, its (...)
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  10.  11
    What Everyone Should Say About Symmetries.Michael Townsen Hicks - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    The laws of physics have an interesting internal explanatory structure. Some principles explain others; some constraints fall out of the dynamic equations, and others help determine them. This leads to interesting, and non-trivial, questions for metaphysicians of laws. What sort of explanation is this? Which principles are explananda, and which explanandum? In a recent and insightful series of papers, Marc Lange has discussed these questions in detail, with a focus on the explanatory priority of symmetry principles and their associated conservation (...)
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  11.  44
    Naturalism in Action.Michael Hicks - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (6):609-635.
    Can a naturalist earn the right to talk of a shared empirical world? Hume famously thought not, and contemporary stipulative naturalists infer from this inability that the demand is somehow unnatural. The critical naturalist, by contrast, claims to earn that right. In this paper, I motivate critical naturalism, arguing first that stipulative naturalism is question begging, and second, that the pessimism it inherits from Hume about whether the problem can be solved is misplaced. Hume's mistake was to mis-identify exemplary contexts (...)
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  12.  15
    A. J. Pollard, Late Medieval England, 1399–1509. Harlow, Eng.: Pearson Education, 2000. Paper. Pp. Xviii, 454 Plus Black-and-White Plates; 3 Maps and 1 Genealogical Table. $16.99.Michael A. Hicks - 2003 - Speculum 78 (3):983-984.
  13.  13
    Keith Dockray, Henry V. Stroud, Eng.: Tempus, 2004. Pp. 255; Black-and-White Figures. $45. [REVIEW]Michael A. Hicks - 2006 - Speculum 81 (2):501-502.
  14.  8
    Energeia and "The Work Itself".Michael Hicks - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 21 (3):69-75.
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  15.  9
    Serialism and Comprehensibility: A Guide for the Teacher.Michael Hicks - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 25 (4):75.
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  16.  7
    J. S. Bothwell, Falling From Grace: Reversal of Fortune and the English Nobility, 1075–1455. Manchester, Eng., and New York: Manchester University Press, 2008. Pp. Xv, 269; 15 Black-and-White Figures. $85. Distributed in the U.S. By Palgrave, 175 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10010. [REVIEW]Michael Hicks - 2010 - Speculum 85 (4):939-941.
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  17.  6
    Soothing the Savage Beast: A Note on Animals and Music.Michael Hicks - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 18 (4):47.
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