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Michael Hymers [39]Michael John Hymers [1]
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Michael Hymers
Dalhousie University
  1. Michael N. Forster, Wittgenstein on the Arbitrariness of Grammar. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (2):104-106.
     
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  2.  12
    Philosophy and its Epistemic Neuroses.Michael Hymers - 2000 - Westview Press.
    Philosophers have often thought that concepts such as ”knowledge” and ”truth” are appropriate objects for theoretical investigation. In a discussion which ranges widely over recent analytical philosophy and radical theory, Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses takes issue with this assumption, arguing that such theoreticism is not the solution but the source of traditional problems in epistemology (How can we have knowledge of the world around us? How can we have knowledge of other minds and cultures? How can we have knowledge (...)
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  3.  59
    Going Around the Vienna Circle: Wittgenstein and Verification.Michael Hymers - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (3):205–234.
    I argue that Wittgenstein’s short-lived verificationism (c.1929-30) differed from that of his contacts in the Vienna Circle in not being a reductionist view. It lay the groundwork for his later views that the meaning of a word is determined by its use and that certain "propositions of the form of empirical propositions" (On Certainty, §§96, 401, 402) act as "norm[s] of description" (On Certainty,§§167, 321). He gave it up once he realized that it contradicted his rejection of logical atomism, and (...)
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  4. Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses.Michael Hymers - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):239-242.
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  5.  52
    The Dignity of a Rule: Wittgenstein, Mathematical Norms, and Truth.Michael Hymers - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (3):419-446.
    Paul Boghossian (1996; 1998)argues that Wittgenstein suffered from a "confusion" (1996, 377) if he thought that he could treat propositions of logic and mathematics both as rules and as being true as a matter of convention. He also suggests that such "rule-prescriptivism" (377) about math and logic leads to a vicious regress (1998). Focusing on Wittgenstein's normativism about mathematics, I argue that neither of these claims is true.
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  6.  96
    Bad Faith.Michael Hymers - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):397 - 402.
    In 'Sartre on Bad Faith' Leslie Stevenson attempts to formulate the Sartrean notion of bad faith. According to Stevenson, someone is in bad faith, if she reflectively denies some state of affairs, of the truth of which she is pre-reflectively aware. Jeffrey Gordon counters with the criticism that, although Stevenson's analysis of Sartre is correct, it is a position which is philosophically indefensible. I argue that Stevenson's reflective denial account falls to Gordon's criticism, but that it is also inadequate as (...)
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  7.  40
    Internal Relations and Analyticity: Wittgenstein and Quine.Michael Hymers - 1996 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):591 - 612.
    L'A. défend la thèse selon laquelle Wittgenstein développe une conception pragmatique et linguistique des relations internes qui définissent les vérités nécessaires: 1) qui n'implique pas l'analyticité de toutes les propositions exprimant des relations internes, 2) qui établit une distinction entre l'analytique et le synthétique, 3) qui s'avère compatible avec la critique de l'analyticité entreprise par Quine.
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  8. How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties - by Penelope Mackie.Michael Hymers - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (1):67-68.
  9.  22
    Extended Rationality: A Hinge Epistemology, By Annalisa Coliva. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - forthcoming - Analysis:anx030.
    Extended Rationality: A Hinge Epistemology by Annalisa Coliva, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. xii + 222 pp. £60.00.
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  10.  85
    The Role of Kant's Refutation of Idealism.Michael Hymers - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):51-67.
    This paper argues that the Refutation of Idealism is a clear development of a line of thought expressed in the Transcendental Deduction and the Fourth Paralogism in the 1781-edition of the Critique of Pure Reason. This general line of thought is that the possibility of systematic delusion about the nature of the empirical world is ruled out, in part, by the fact that illusion presupposes a background of veridical perception.
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  11.  55
    Realism and Self-Knowledge: A Problem for Burge.Michael Hymers - 1997 - Philosophical Studies 86 (3):303-325.
    Tyler Burge says that first-person authority can be reconciled with anti-individualism about the intentional by denying part of the "Cartesian conception" of authority, which claims that I am actually authoritative about my intentional attitudes in counterfactual situations. This clause, he says, wrongly conflates the evaluation-conditions for sceptical doubts about the "external" world with the conditions for classifying intentional attitudes in counterfactual situations. This paper argues that the kind of possibility needed to understand external-world scepticism justifies the conflation and that Burge (...)
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  12.  61
    Something Less Than Paradise: The Magic of Modal Realism.Michael Hymers - 1991 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (3):251 – 263.
    Against the forces of modal ersatzism Lewis launches a variety of attacks, some of which are clearly compelling, others of which are less so. I argue that pictorial ersatzism cannot clearly be distinguished from magical ersatzism, and--more interestingly--that 'genuine' modal realism is subject to precisely the criticisms so fatal for the magical ersatzers.
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  13.  24
    Ebbs's Participant Perspective on Self-Knowledge.Michael Hymers - 2002 - Dialogue 41 (1):3-26.
    It is sometimes objected that anti-individualism, because of its assumption of the constitutive role of natural and social environments in the individuation of intentional attitudes, raises sceptical worries about first-person authority--that peculiar privilege each of us is thought to enjoy with respect to non-Socratic self-knowledge. Gary Ebbs believes that this sort of objection can be circumvented, if we give up metaphysical realism and scientific naturalism and adopt what he calls a “participant perspective” on our linguistic practices. Drawing on broadly Wittgensteinian (...)
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  14.  19
    Metaphor, Cognitivity, and Meaning-Holism.Michael Hymers - 1998 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 31 (4):266 - 282.
    Some philosophers influenced by Quine's meaning-holism agree that metaphor matters for science and for language in general, but they part ways over whether metaphors are cognitive. Hesse holds that metaphors have special cognitive content, apart from the literal content of the expressions used metaphorically. Davidson and Rorty deny this. I offer a partial reconciliation, allowing that metaphor has a noncognitive dimension, but holding that there is no sharp boundary between the literal and the metaphorical, between meaning and use, or between (...)
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  15. Frank B. Farrell, Subjectivity, Realism and Postmodernism-The Recovery of the World Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (1):32-35.
  16.  43
    Kant’s Private-Clock Argument.Michael Hymers - 1997 - Kant-Studien 88 (4):442-461.
    Examining the effectiveness of the Kant’s Refutation of Idealism as a critique of a Cartesian account of consciousness, I argue that Kant's reasoning turns on the insight that self-knowledge presupposes independent temporal determination of the self. This insight bears an intriguing resemblance to claims about meaning and justification that appear in Wittgenstein's later work. Much as Wittgenstein rules out the possibility of a private language, whose meanings derive from acts of inner ostensive definition, on the ground that language requires an (...)
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  17.  13
    Critical Notice of Beyond the Analytic-Continental Divide: Pluralist Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century. Edited by Jeffrey A. Bell, Andrew Cutrofello, and Paul M. Livingston. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (5):694-713.
    This collection maintains a dialogue between the analytic and continental traditions, while aspiring to situate itself beyond the analytic-continental divide. It divides into four parts, Methodologies, Truth and Meaning, Metaphysics and Ontology, and Values, Personhood and Agency, though there is considerable overlap among the categories. History and temporality are recurrent themes, but there is a lot of metaphysics generally, with some philosophy of language, philosophy of social science, ethics, political philosophy and epistemology. Less prominent is a pragmatic, deflationary attitude, and (...)
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  18. Wittgenstein on Names and Family Resemblances.Michael Hymers - 1990 - Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):11-30.
    This paper (published in Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy, not Revista Filosofia de la Universidad del Norte) elaborates and defends Renford Bambrough's contention that Wittgenstein's discussion of family resemblances dissolves the traditional problem of universals, without slipping into either nominalism of realism.
     
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  19.  15
    Replies to Hanson and Migotti.Michael Hymers - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):595-606.
    I respond to criticisms of my book, Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses (Westview, 2000), by Mark Migotti and Phil Hanson.
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  20.  15
    Truth and Metaphor in Rorty's Liberalism.Michael Hymers - 1996 - International Studies in Philosophy 28 (4):1-21.
    I argue against some of Rorty's radical critics, and against Rorty himself, that there is no necessary connection between his views about truth and metaphor, on one hand, and his liberalism, on the other. Indeed, Rorty's anti-essentialism can be viewed as making a contribution to the critique of ideology in a sense that I extract from Marx and Engels.
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  21.  10
    Being and Being True.Michael Hymers - 1999 - Idealistic Studies 29 (1/2):33-51.
    Barry Allen, drawing on Wittgenstein's standard-metre example from Philosophical Investigations, argues there can be no determinate similarities or differences in the absence of a practice of measuring such similarities or differences. I contend that one can accept Allen's premises without accepting his conclusion if we draw a distinction between being and being true of the following sort: although it was not true, in the absence human or other epistemic practices, that water was H2O, nonetheless, before there were any human or (...)
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  22.  25
    Précis of Philosophy and its Epistemic Neuroses.Michael Hymers - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):569-576.
    I outline the main arguments of my book, Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses (Westview, 2000), in which I defend an anti-theoretical approach to traditional problems in epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of language, focusing especially on external-world scepticism, the indeterminacy of reference, relativism and first-person authority, contending that these problems arise from embracing philosophical commitments that are not quite contradictory, but which suffer from what I describe as "epistemic neuroses"--an acceptance of methodological commitments that make these problems look like problems (...)
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  23.  15
    Putnam and the Difficulty of Renouncing All Theory.Michael Hymers - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):55-82.
    This paper examines the dispute between Putnam and Rorty concerning truth and rational acceptability, arguing that Putnam's criticisms of Rorty mostly miss the point and that if we treat idealized rational acceptability as immunity to self-defeating doubt, then we can see it as a sufficient, though not necessary, condition of truth.
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  24.  3
    The Role of Kant’s Refutation of Idealism.Michael Hymers - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):51-67.
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  25.  3
    Précis of Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses.Michael Hymers - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):569-576.
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  26. Julian Roberts, The Logic of Reflection Reviewed By.Michael Hymers - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (2):113-115.
     
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  27.  4
    Barry Allen, Truth in Philosophy. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (4):229-231.
  28.  2
    11. Moral Claims and Epistemic Contexts.Michael Hymers - 2006 - In Susan Sherwin & Peter Schotch (eds.), Engaged Philosophy: Essays in Honour of David Braybrooke. University of Toronto Press. pp. 271-300.
  29.  3
    John Chandler.Michael Hymers - 1990 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (4).
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  30. Being and Being True: Does Practice Make Any Difference?Michael Hymers - 1999 - Idealistic Studies 29 (1/2):33-51.
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  31. JE Malpas, Donald Davidson and the Mirror of Meaning Reviewed By.Michael Hymers - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (4):165-168.
     
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  32. J.E. Malpas, Donald Davidson And The Mirror Of Meaning. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13:165-168.
     
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  33. Julian Roberts, The Logic of Reflection. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13:113-115.
     
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  34. Précis of Philosophy and Its Epistemic Neuroses.Michael Hymers - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):569-576.
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  35. Robert L. Arrington and Hans-Johann Glock, Eds., Wittgenstein and Quine. [REVIEW]Michael Hymers - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18:389-391.
  36. Replies to Hanson and Migotti.Michael Hymers - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (3):595-606.
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  37. The Dignity of a Rule.Michael Hymers - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (3):419-446.
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  38.  9
    Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy.Michael Hymers - 2009 - Broadview Press.
    _Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy_ introduces Wittgenstein’s philosophy to senior undergraduates and graduate students. Its pedagogical premise is that the best way to understand Wittgenstein’s thought is to take seriously his methodological remarks. Its interpretive premise is that those methodological remarks are the natural result of Wittgenstein’s rejection of his early view of the ground of value, including semantic value or meaning, as something that must lie “outside the world.” This metaphysical view of meaning is replaced in his transitional (...)
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  39.  34
    Wittgenstein on Sensation and Perception.Michael Hymers - 2016 - Routledge.
    The main interpretive claim of this book is that both Wittgenstein’s mature philosophical method and his much misunderstood critique of private language have their roots in his critique of the misleading metaphor of phenomenal space–that is, the misleading, figurative analogy between physical space, or space simpliciter, and phenomenal space, or the “space” of appearances. His critique of this metaphor extends from his rejection of sense-data (Chapters 2 and 3), to his investigation of the asymmetry between first- and other-person pronouns in (...)
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